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Ofla OTBÍma, iro y ea cuHa cosepmenHO HeosHAaHHO cocra* 

BflJOCB Tpio. Jífioe TOBapantefi sanuiH sa hbitb, ^to^i bm^ct^hxth 
VB onepjj HO ^ly noieiiy-TO Hensa bíizoxhtb ceroxHa h ohi 
yroBopan htb npoBecTH w^eph cb eewb xona. 

— Ho BU He nyrafliecBy nosajyficra, — nociriiiiHJia ona Měna 
ycnoKOHTB, noKufbmífb uoŘ TpeBOSHmft Bsrjiaxi na paciBopeHHyH) 
xaepB: Hsi^-sa xBepH, ace rpoirae h rpoirae pas^aBajica fjsKiŘ pevb 

BÍOJOH^eiH, BHBFB CBpHnRH H HaCTOfllHBOe la^ BOTOpUlTb MOJIOflOtt 

zosíHHi ycepxHO xftBan na poajíš towb cbohitb TOBapaniiaicB. — 
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yniH, ma toaro na^o npoarpaTB iribcKOUSO m^^ctb h8:b xoro ipio, 
xoTopoe OHH roTOBATB jffh KOHi^epry. 

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Docfto^ema, a riwh ne uesAe coua cbohitb ffisrowh saaBHTB, ito 
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BOSAyXl Fb THXifi Jl^THÍS Be%P'B, ^yBCTByeiCfl apOMaTB nOMBUTh 

nfiirovh. BaMi Henpeir&HHO hmo ero cjnámaTB,— npoxojsaiaoHa 
Bce 6ojiie h fioi^le OAymeBJuuicB: — yxHBniejiBHHfi TajtaHn, lasofi 
rpai^oBHiifi opHrHHajBHHfi, npejecrb! 

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coBpetfeHeMi, ho lenepB HE^ero en^e HeiBsa CBasaiB onpex^HHaro. 

Bi sajiy KTO-TO BOinej'b. HacrpaBBaHBe HHcrpyMeHTOBi 060- 
pBa^iocB Ha nojyroHi, pad^ajnicB rpoMidfl BOCRiHi^mifl, oAx^ h 
roBopi; vh rojiocaiTB CHHa xoaafiKH h ero lOBapn^efi npHcoexE- 
HHJCfl ^eiBepTEifi ro^oiTB, BOTopiift nosasaicfl xhš yAHBHreuHO 
sHaBOMHMi. Tfíb cjiiímajia ji ero? 0«eHB TOHBÍff, coBepmeHHO x^t- 
cBifty CB BaBHHH-TO HeosHxaHHHMH, BaopESHiíMH nepejiHBaMH... 
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cjramajía ero h ne pas^^ bi stomi b cb Bas^ofl MHHyiofi Bce 
Óoj^e H 601*10 yti^sxajacB. 

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uyaseiB Jhab. CBopifl 6u soniajiH necHOcnoe ipío, xa nocaxBjn 6u 
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Ho c:b npHXOAOiťB «ifysH9Ba»9 niaHu hbmíhhjihcb; rpio BOBce 

HO COCTOfllOCB H BCO OÓn^eCTBO HaCTpOHlOCB Ha TaSOfi BeceiUtt MS^Khy 

iTO o cepBesHoft uy^mA nepecraiH h xyitaiB. Oxbkb b» 11020- 
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"Awh HacrynHJB xobojibho npoxOdUunejEBHHft nepepHBi BucysuK^ 

H HHHerO HO 6UX0 CJHQIHOy SpOM^ myKHOfi ^ÓOATOBHH, x^ rpOM- 

XHX!B BspiiBÓBi Mojoxoro, Bocejiaro CMiixa. 

— dm Bcerxa Tasí, xorxa hphxoxhtb IlaBjyniHKB, — nporo- 
BopHM ch yjuÓKofl JiHxa: — y Hero bí^ho b% sanad^ saBC^-HH- 
6yxB CMimnofi anoExoTB h owb lan yMopBieuHO pascBasiisaerB, 
HTO TpyxHo yxepaaiBCE on cnixa. 

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laBiace BpHTHiecBH, saB^B b kb eromiaHTy. 

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pascBasuBaen. 

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iAff> OHI HHBasoro oÓpasoBanifl ne noiyinjii, poBHO HHBasoro... 
Ho no MoeMy, 8to-to vb hoitb h mhm... B% ero rjynocTflX'B 
xaBafl-To CBoeotfpasHaa npejiecxB... 

— Hy ys!B HnpeiecTB!— npoHBHecia^nosHxafl njemiH^ MaTB. 



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181 BOcnomiHii XMeTBi. 7 

Ho xoiB ynopHO croaia na CBoearb« — ^a, xa, npeiecTB, cbos 
oooóeraas, Taaas se npejecn, Bas^B bo Bcbxi^ ero HMnpoBiisa- 
qbccs, — noBTopa^a oaa pinrareuHEiM^E tohoitb. 

H otfpautascB ko mhí: — Bh, MOsen Óutb, AJMaere, hto a 
ero B!b myray 80By ujxxnxowh? BoBce B/bvbj owh vh caiioirB 
xbii MjMsmeKh^ camifi, ^iro hh na eciB, lenHiift h npociofl... Po- 
xucs KB rjyzofi AepeBjnaA w ffl usaEtijmB^Tm jAtb naci CBHHeft. 
Hi Ha xaKyH) paóory nejusa Ókuo ero npHcnocoÓexB, Taaoft offB 
6un TmefymEHŘy daxAenhKiUj BaicB ohh xairB BiipasaHyrcfl. 

— Octe cjsutl Mesxy cbohich oxHOceu^aHaicH ATPaisoMi^ un 
iimoceiit, yous savez? lopoxranfiy — CHOsa BiriniajiacB bi pasroBopi 
xoeaĚia, ho eA ne AaiH xoroBopHXB. 

— Si Bani sorAa-HHÓyxB noxasy, xaKÍe cnixn nHmerB ^totb 
DpoxHBHtt! — BCxpH^aia MaxMyaaeiB JiHxa, c^e HeroxoBameiťb na- 
mpaa Ha nociixBee cjiobo. 

— Ax'b, ma chére! Hy, ^o 8to sa cthxh? Bce oaho h to se: 
noii xa aica, ^šca xa noju, il ne sort pas de litr.. BnpoieirE^ 
OHO H noHflTHOi rff& se eiiy 6wlo HatipaiBca óÓpasoRB h MHOiefi!.. 
A cnocoÓHOCTH y nero (SoraiEifl, aroro orpni^iTB nejíBBfl,— xanno jh 
Koch na^iajrb y^HiB ero no^nrajiBflHCKH, crau ys'B nonniiaTB. 

Sl nojootfomiTCTBOBajia ysnaTB, BaRHirB oÓpasoiťB nonajio CH)Aa 
910 XHrEa npHpoxu? O^eHB npocro: Ójfaroxapa MBJíocTHBOiiy noapo- 
BneiBCTBy 6oraTOft CapunH, noMŠnpn^H loro ceia, Tfjb ohi po- 
xucfl H SHXB BpyrjHUTB CBpoToB. KpecTHHiflb oi^oirB y nero 
6iixh xBopeiiKifl, BUSHBmift b8:b yiia crapHB^B, tfesorjyino Haxo- 
ff Bmificfl npH sanycT&ioirB rocnoACKom aomí. depeši nero iiaiB- 
im nojyHHJii Aociym rb 6apcBÍe xopoMH, vb ajlrbhpo npHXO- 

MpO Ch ROHHKOirB, Ha SOTOpOMl CiapHlTB CnaJTB H Vh KOTOpOlTB 

xpaHBii CBoe HMyniiecTBo; rb cvbTiyjo 6^yH) sajqr, (tb jnocrpofl h 
UEweiflÓpaMH, BaByraHHiiicH BHceefi, cipofl otb nayrHmi h rycxo 
stdaseHHoft MyzanH. 3a arofl sajioft cjiiAOBaja BOMHaTa nasuBao- 
iias «npoxoAHoft>; lyrBCToaio, CMEpenno npHTBHyBHiHCB bi ctíhí, 
ciapHHHoe ^prenBflHO na tohohbbhxi nossaxi. Oho Bce oójy- 
nejocB OTB speMOHE, crpyHH oxcBip&ui, BjaBnniH pacmaTamcB h 
noseniju. Bb hocji^IxhíA CBofi npí&x^ vh ffipeBmo, rocnoxa 
ofoiBHjn, HTO 8T0 HeroxHaa Bacrpionaa, na BOTopoft jsfo&e neJiBsa 
I sosana CHrpaiB, HTotfu nosafiaBHTB xiieft, h npHBasajiH ytfpaxB 
ee qrxft-HHfiyxB noxfUBme. Ho xBopeipdS ne pimEJca HcnojinHiB 
BB 109H0CTH 810 npEHasaHíe, H pascyxHRB, iTO, BasB xaiTB HH ro- 
Np^ a iDiyBa-TO xoporaa h, hoah ^afl, ÓonniEXB xenerB bicboo 
ngna ctowM, pacnopaxuca nocraBHXB ee bb «npoxoAHyK>», bmício 
PM| iio($H CBamiB c% npoHHMi HeroxHiUfB x^aMouB bb capat. 



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8 B10tm'b IBPOIH. 

BorB cH)xa-TO, diaroAapa jiacKOBOMy specTHOicy, h iipoHisajn* 
HHorxa líaJieHuiĚ CBHHonacB. Easurb lyrsem yraxan obi ny- 
xeca rapMOBÍH^ laimniícji n ciapon {^pieiiBflHO, hhbto, h xase 
caiTE om>, ne vb cocicxhíh 6uxh 6u. CBaBan; ho ukb 6u to he 
6ii20, a cb TÍTh nopi ero, xan Myxy ks m ejQr, cr&io rsLVjíb Vh 
MyApeHOMy flii^iBy Ha Hosiaxi, h Bejnmfinnm^B HaciasxeHieirB 
ero cx&iajiocB BSBiexaTB hsi nero SByiE, ocroposHo npixaBJítftefl 
sarpyd&iiiME, KopflBHMH nani^ucH lepHiui h (Kbjnu Bocro^m. 
npH BTOiTB y Hero xas^iift paarb noxÓipajocB vro-HHdyxB, xa ne 
q^iiniHO^, Bass y xpyrHXb x^^i^, Borxa ohh 6en lojncy bojiotitb 
HO BiaBímaiTB, a ndo vh poxi nioeHBH Basot sayHOBHOfl, ^m 
sa xymy XBaTajia, jondo njiflcoBafl-pasyxaiaji, nojn BOTopyD TasB 

BOTB H HOXMHBaiO KB HpHCflXKy HyCTHTBCI. DpíixaJia BaKB-TO jA' 

TOiTB noM&i^HAa, HOACjymaM HenaaHHO MajreHBBaro HMnpoBHBa- 
TOpa H npEHua kb Bociopn. Bs seshe csBHonaca eBepnnucs 
nepoBopon: ero ox&ih (kpvBOWb^ Biiyura rpaMort e noirtcTEjm 
B!B MysmajiBHyH) mBo^y, iswh Boropofi ob% Bnooi^lxcrBiH nonan 
vb BOHcepsaiopiH). 

— H BorB, cnnHEie, BaB'B owh HrpaerB? — npoxojnBajia OHa, 
yBadBBaa rojOBofi na XBopB b% saxy, rf/b CMŠn b roBopi^ cmojbje 
B Hamn paBxaBaiicfl BByBH 4K>pTenBflHi. — npeieeiB, se npaBxa jh? 

^M^poBE8a^ifl Moioxoro apTEcra Óiua xi&CTBEreiBHO npexeciHa, 

B yBipEfl, ^0 OTB HOH BteTB Heo6tIBHOBeHHOI0 CB&BeCTBH) E apO" 

MaioMi nojett e Aicom^ JlEXEHBBa ho npeyBejBiEBajia* Ha MeHE se, 
ona Ha^aia npoBSBOXETB Bne^aTji%HÍe eqe 6ojAe onpexftaeHHoe; 
OTB Hefl naxHyxo Bxpyn BHaBOMofi crapHHOfi, xa TaBi cejbho, 
HTO Ba HŠBOTopoe Bpeiffl fl coBepmeHHO nepeciajia shtb HacroB-' 
n^iiTB. BHCTynEJui bi naxBTB xaBHO saÓiiTHe MSpasH: domnofi 
BaiieHHiifi xoiTB) vb BOTopom npoieKJio Moe pannee x^ctbo, Bpy- 
roiTB CB Tpex^B ciopoffB otinnipHBifi XBopi, o6crpoeHHHt cjiyasÓaMH, 
CB HeTBepiofi, Hoxi OBHaiiH nepexHBro ^^acaxa, caxHKB, fb boto- 
poiTB xoposBE Basyrcfl cobcíbtb ysBBifB OTB rycToro xepHa, osaflu- 
junon^ro bx^b, otb Ksjuůb^ nepenojrooBHiirB i^BfoaMBi otb Byxpfl- 

BUX% BÍTBeS, CpOCTaH)n^XCB naXl^ HHMB.>JPlniOTBE HOHTE ne BH- 

xaiB sa aBai^iflME, niBnoBHBBOirB b ^epeiiyxofl, nepenyraHmnai 
nOBEiEBOfl; orpoMHHt eiaptift BJieffB pacBEByxB cboe b^tbb TasB 
xajieBo, HTO ucTB BTb DepeBftcEiacB na yjiBi^y b TÍm otb ibctborb 
noBpHBaerB npEHyxJiBBofi TpeneiiQrni[efl (ÁTBOtt muBBoe npocipaH- 
CTBO, saiBToe soioTOM^B coxHeuuxs jyiefi. B'b btoA yjrai^i TAHyrcH 
saÓopH, yrsiBaHHiie rBOsxBMB ocrpieirB BBepxy; sa 8a6opaiiE cnyc* 
BaH)TCfl Wh pbKb ^pyBTOBiie caxH. I^&ioe Mope vbxRO% MOJioxoft 
sejieHB, Ha soiopoA nAcraMB rEraHicBEMB tfyBeraiCB vafíbímysca. 



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13'B BOGnOMilHÁHlfi ASTGTBl. 9 

(ttmfl KEBi CHŠrB BHmneBHfl AepeBBfl h Ój^aho-posobhh aÓJOHE 
I rpjma fb ubíiJj a xaMi p^sa, Hama po^naa Bojira. Tanaa 

OHE KB BTOlťB M^CT^ mHpOKaS, HTO DpOCTUlfB rjaSOlTB 66 H6 OBH- 

BemB, Haxo BOopysHTBCfl noAsopnofi TpyÓsofi, ^toÓu pasjíH^HTB 
iicB, TeMHŠH)mífi Ha npoTHBynojosHoiii 6epery, ottb Jiyvowh ci 
nacyn^HMECfl Ha hhxi cra^aMH, a Aft-ntrne, B6pcrfit sa ab^ bhh3'b 
no leqeHÍH) asaiTOBaTEiTB bojhi, ycunaHHiix'B mhos6Ctbom'b jioxo- 
mesh H (JapoBi, CB &bjA¥>in^uECSL HS^ajH napycaifH, — Bce bi ly se 
nox^opnyio TpyČBy, Boropyio y HacB craBHjH AÍTou!h Ha Óajson^ 
xn 6oxbmnx%y ho bi soTopyio h naiTB js^^Tnwb, HHOPAa ý^aBa^ooB 
sarjflXHBaTB, mosho Óh^o pascMOxp-i^TB ÓoraToe cejo, ne ycrynaBmee 
no(k)My y^HOHy ropoxy ROJiaqecTBOMi h B6JEqHH0fl nocTpoeai, 
a lasse h oshri6hÍ6M'b« BuÓiiieHHBie aomhbh, ch apacHHMn n 
saieHHMH BpsimaiiH, lOTATca vh sbbohhchomi 6esnoipsijí:Bíb BOEpypB 
niomasH CB ufipBOBhio, HaAo^ BOTopoft apBo ciflerB bojotoS Bp6crB. 

IlettdaaCB BTOTI B'B MHHBflTH)p6, HO yABBHTeJBHO ECHO E ptSBO 

BHcrynaerB na rojiiy6oM!B npospaqHoiTB íffonl^ (SesoÓJianHaro jAt- 
Eiro He6a n CBepsaerB na co^HtiniBi BasEMi-TO Bečeními Ónec- 

KOICB HOBOfl, TOilBBO-^TO BHBepHyiOfi E8'B 06epT01H0fi ÓyMaFH, 

irpymsH. 

IIps nepBHXB BByBaxrB híche, soropyK) BaflrpajrB jneoÓEMeirB 
MaxMyasejiB JIeae, BapTEna sra, a^bho saÓiiTafl, a^bho Baiepiafl 
XpyrHMH Bnenaij^HiEME, BxpyrB BaB^B-xo buujium vl uoewh bo- 
o6paaieHÍH hbi rycroro lyMana Auesaro npomjaro. 

— He npaBxa jih npejiecrno? — noBiopEJia moe coÓectxHflita, 
Ch yjni6B0fl ci^lAfl sa Bupas6HÍ6iii Moero jiEi^a. — 9to ohb EMnpo- 
nsHpyeTB, a fb nepBHft pa^B cjmmy y nero btoitb motebi... 
IIpecrpaHHoe x&iaeTca y nero jiei^o vb bte ifEHyni, — xotet6 no- 

€ll01!p6TB? 

Ona Bcrajia, nanpaBEJiacB bi ABepE vh sajy h ocraHOBEJiacB 
sa Hoporb. SI MamBHasBHO nocjrlAOBajia sa nefi, e rjasaiťB na- 
snorB npeAcraBEJiocB cj[ÍAyK)ni[ee sp^jiEQ^e: nepeA'B poEieirB cea^i, 
IB8B0 npHTHyBmHCB Vh BjaBEmaiTB, lOHoma ci a^ihehuitb, xyxstwh 
MsnoM% H MajieHBBHiiE c^pBiME FJiasaiiE. ?epTB[ jEi^a ero 6UJÍE 

npEHHME, SeJITBIME HpflAHHE CHy- 
B MOpn^EJl TOIHO OTB CAaBJeHHOJÍl 

6parB JIeaehbbe, BticoBÍfi, crpoft- 
rojqrtfHME rjasaMEy laBi e 9aMep'B 
Bi pyBaxB. ToBapEH^i ero, bíojoh- 
^H HenoABESHO H Tasí yrjyÓE- 
HOflEjenie ocrajiocB HesaH^^enHuicB. 
na HepBHoe ^ojL^Hennoe noAepni- 



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10 BtOTHlKl XBřOnH. 

BEHÍe MycRyiOBs ea ero jhi^^ na cyAOposHoe BSAparEBanie xyAiix's 
usevhy Ha ROTopuxi H%inBOM'B Budbjío cjHniBOMi niHpojsoe luaiBe^ 
Ha yrjiOBaTiifl j^ms&emsí ero a^hhhuxi pyRi cb bphbhmh nan- 
i](aMH. no Bceny úujio bhaho, hto MexannsMi ncnojHeHÍfl AftBica 
eicy ne Jierso h ^to eny croHrB HeHMOB^pnaro ipyjDia BopouTB 
najBi^aMH ci> Tpe6yeuuwh npOBopcTBOifB. Ohi ne erpaji, a ebi- 
dfbAueaji^ CBOH naccasH, ci ycejiieniy npoflBjflBniHMCfl vh saasAOirB 
HycByjii ero i^jia, bb niHpoBHXBy pisBiixi BSMaxaxB jOBrefl, bo- 
Topue xoAHJiH y nero BavB spujiBfl, vh Banuxi nora, BHcrynaB- 
mHX'B na ero Ji6y... «To9ho bobb BeserB^, cBasajia 6n npo Hero 
Hama cxapafl haha DaHBpaTBeBna. 

(noneny BcnoMHHjacB mh^ nifeHHO IlaHBpaTBeBHa, a ne xpy- 
rofl BTO, Vh 8Ty MHHyTy? dioiiy lOse 6um cb02 npHHHna, ao bo- 
Topott fl tojbbo bhoci^í^actbíh AOAyMajiacb). 

A sByBH, MesAy tív^j jihjihcb ÓesocranoBOHno mvh-noKb ero 
OAepeBeH^jiiixi najiBi^eFB, sByBH H^snue, crpaciHHe, TOCsjíHBiie h 
rjy6oBO sanaxaioniie vb jLymyl Ho no vtípb Toro, sasi baoxhobc- 
Hie oxBaxuBajío Bnyrpennee cyn^ecxBO aroro crpannaro cyóiesra, 
HapysHOCTB ero, nocreneHHO ncBasaacB, npiiHHifaja Bce Óojiie h 
60^*60 HAioTHHecBoe BupaseHie; bsta^kb, wh CBoefi npHCiajuHOft 

HenOABHSHOCTH, A^asCfl CXeBJUaLHHHlfB, pOTTB ÓescoBHaxexBHO OTBpU- 

Bajcfl, cranoBHJiocB iflsejio chotp^tb na nero... Orb bohhhjtb n 
BjipyrB, B% oaho MraoBeHÍe, bocb npeoÓpasHJicfl: riasa coh^pejihcb 
h saHCBpHJiHCB, Ha ry6axi sa^jiysAua ycMŠniBa... 

Ero OBpysHJiH, nanajiH ocunaiB noxBajiaMH, fijiaroAapHTB sa 
XOcraBjíeHHoe HacjiasA6HÍe. Ohi npEHEHai^B bte OBaE[ÍH cb bbah- 
uuu% CMyn^enieMi, yrjoBaio OTMaxHBaacB otb hhxi, tohho otb ao- 
ByHJHBHxi Myx%. — OcxaBBTe-CB... nosajyfiera, ociasBie-CB, hto bto 
BUj npaBO... SI ysi ne snaH)..., — (escBjíBHO noBiopfljiB ohb, MOTaa 
rojiOBOft H pasMaxHBaji pyBaMH. 

HaBonei^i, ero ocraBHJH vh noBoi, lorxa a, noxonua bb neny. 

— Bii, BoneHHO, sanemere stotb mothbi?— cnpocHjia a Biioit- 
ro.ioca| BB TO speiifi, bakb TOBapEn^H ero npHHHMajiHCB sa hh- 
crpyMeHTH. 

MaAMyasejiB JIh^h Bunua hsb saiu. Mu Óujih coBepmenno 
OAHH Vh TOHi yrjiy y OBna, vh Boxopufi ohi saópajicfl, hatecb 
Boe A&JBme h ^ft^^ine otb BOMn^HMeHTOBi. 

npejuaraa eny icofi BonpocB, a. 6um hohth yB^pena, ^to owh 
ne BaxoHei^ OTBinaiB na nero, ho a omHfijiacB; — owh ch neosH- 

XaHHOH) AOBipHHBOCTBK) OTHeCCH BB MOOHy JIK>(}OniITCTBy. 

MOTHBB-TO? — 06paTHXCfl OHB BO UWb Ch 60JLhmEWh OSHB- 



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13'B BOCnOMHHAHlfi A^TGTBl. 1 1 

imewh. — Hiit-CB, ta* laMx! ^a a yaci h safiii jb ero, ež Bory, 
8a6srj'B. 

Ohi OTRHHyj's Hasa^^ bojiocu h Ha^aji noTepaib pyisofi Bjas- 

— BoTx a BaiTB caasy, Ha nponiJoB neA^xb y nena en^e ne 
TUM mryRa coHHHBJíacB! Ta ÓBi.ia A'&ÍtcTBHTejibHo!.. Ecj[h6x tojbro 
(nxkurbj vh pox^^ BaK'B marche funěbre nioneHa, eft Bory-CBÍ.. 
3anaio mhš 8to bx rojiosy hoa^b BenepB, na yÁHHjhj ot'b snaso- 
MHxtB man n bch) xopory bo mhí niao... Csop^e 6u sanHcaiB, 
fjMSJO... B&bxsLjíT> saiKB yrop^JBifi no jAcmviuíb, 6pocBJica Wh 
^pieoBaHo H Ha^aď'B HrpaiB... Yss.^ h Hrpajii, Hrpaii!... Crojbko 
lacoBi, ne homhk), ho na^o xani noJiaraTB, hto AOJro, Basi c&Jii, 
Bi ;^OMarB ejqe h oraa ho sasarajiE, a boh^hj^b — cB^iaTB Ha- 

HEJIO. 

— H HTO-ai? IIo^eMy bh ne sanHcajiH? 

— 9rB bh! — Ch joca^ott xpaxHyji-B ohi fojoboS. — IIoTOMy h 
ne sanHCEji, «[to Raa^B BosBMeniB BapaH^anrB vh pyBH, laai cett- 
Hacb Hs% rojiOBii Bce h BUJieTETB... A y^i Kasaa Ciua Ben^B-io 
(Sorarafl, a Bam AOJoasy, pocaomB a& h tojibbo! CípaciB Baai xo- 
TJbocB BcnOMHHTB, xasi h'It'b se!.. Ytrt^ a ee jioboj^b, jobhjii, 
HisaiCB ne nofitfaeniB!.. Tu sa neft roHHniBca, a ona &kmisrb orb 
Te6g Bce AA^nie ^a Aft^bme, poBHO t^hb Baaafl saaojiAOBaHHaa! 
ymuuca coBciifb, bi hopb 6pocHJio, rojiOBa pasÓojc&Jiacb, rpyxB 
craio jiOMHTB, npocTO xo HecxepiiHMOCTH, H Bce noHanpacHy... A 
6pocHiiiB ^Maxb, saiMembca ApyrHMi, ona ceBqaeb onaib... H onaib 
saqnerb Te6a rBOSXHTb... EcBo^nnib, cxBaxHoib Hornyio 6yMary, 
syxa! Vtkl h ai*]&x^ npocrujii! Hj^ijibHue cyTBH a Torxa no CBoeft 
soMHaiš npoCirajii, tohho ahkíS bb^pb b'b bjiítbí. 

Owh saxyiiajicay noMOJi^aji* cb Menyxy, a sarini, BcsHnyBí 
Ha MOBa HcnoAJOÓba BHHMaTejbHufl BsrjiaAiy BaBi ÓyATO A<ia xoro, 
TOÓH y6&xHTbca, CTÓHTb JH CO MHofi OTBpoBeHHHqaxb, cHoaa saro- 
BopHJTb ch BaraAOHHofi ycMŽniBott. 

— Bh botb coB^Tyeie sanHCHBaTB hothbh, a^ sa.Bi mxh 
TjTh sanameniB, Borxa ohh hhoA pasi to^ho ^epiH BaBÍe hba^- 
BaiDTca nax^ TotfoS h npocTO jifl 0CTepBeH'6Hia AOBOxan... Borb a 
Bftn CBasy... HaieraTb EHor^a Baaaa-HHÓyAB Meďo^iai Bon ee 
Noerb, OTBy^a BOSMerca h sannerB apyserbca vb fojiob^, npocro 
BeoTciynno... yas'B oaa noen, noerb BnyrpH lefia, bc4 yraa npo- 
MpsMmb, bck) jí^my bhbopothti Hacaaosb, AEimemb ea), wb aaaB- 
IpĚ SEiB-^, Rb Bas^ofi boctohbí ee HyBCXByeniB, Taai botb h Ba- 
Mica, wso Ha BCK) shbhb ona B^b leóa BnajacB, jifL laBi, hto hh- 

iieqaiiH mT> naiiaTH ne BHpaaTb h B^pyrb— bco bto 



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12 BBOTim IBPOnH. 

OAHHn TOJLSO npexciasjeHÍeifi ORasuBaeicfl, a sa caiioirB njUb 
HHHero wbrb, ny^ oxhhi, mkubhuS nysuph^ o6uhwh tfojiBHoro bo- 
o($paseHÍii... 

fl nonpocHJia oúwcEwnhcsi noHaiHte. 

— ^SL OHeHB npocTO-ci. HaiiexHHCB sl boo hohb Hrpan... 3a- 
xajiacB laiafl leiía npespacHafl, ^ro xotl Bce sa Hee OTxat xa h 
TO Majio!.. Vxrb a ee h Taai, h a^aKB, na Bcb jí%jsji BQBopaHH- 
BajTB H Bapiai^uncH, ■ aaopAEMH, nepesi Bct tohh npoBejTB, a sa 
^yroĚ jífiEh BCTptqaeTca co MHot KHasecaaa ropsi^Haa, no pa- 

XOMl co MHOS XaBeUhj HTO 8T0 BH, rOBOpHTB, BaCflJiit IlaBJHTE, 
I(6lLH7K) HOHB BCe O^HO H TOSLe nHJIBBaiH, TBJIB, TB1B| TUB... 

TOTOO xa^iexB Ba xepeBt! 

— ^a OHa, MoseTB ÓiitB; sacHyjia, h et Bama Mysnxa bo ch£ 
npHrpeBHJiacBy — saniiEJia a eMy; ho owh ÓesHaxeacno nazHyn 
pyaoĚ. 

— BrB TOifB-To H ropě Moe, hto Bivhj ona to na SBy MeHi 
ciymajiay a botb a Taa^B bo cbš, mosho caasaTB, arpaji, cobc^mi 
6^co8HaTenHO... H ysi ne kb nepBiit pan npiixOAHTCfl mh nox- 
irbnaTB sa co6oŘ Tasot sypBen— arpaemB oxho, a ciumBica xpy~ 
roe, sa toB MysHBoS, hto BHyTpa pasxaeicfly HBsaKHX^B xpyraxi 
8BysoBi HO cjHinraOy Bce miBopoTB na bhbopotb h bhxoxhtb. Yvh 
ne seaio npaao, ukb BaMi bto pacronoBaTB... 

Oetb Bce 6oiBine h ÓojiBiiie npajicfly ycajoBaflCB BHXCHarB 

CBOH) MHCJB, H B]í;pjn TOUO OnOMHHBmHCB, 08a60HeHHO CXBBHyjTb 

ÓpoBH H cnpocHJťB CB TpeBOSHHiTB BOjnemeiTB vb rojlocb: 

— Bq, MOserB 6uTh^ Měna sa cyMaemexníaro npHHHMaere? 
fl nociÁniHja ycnoBOHTB ero na btots c^en. 

— H^rBy HTO ate, a tloeeubjo; ruxa na Měna co CTOpOHH, moscho 
060 mhí BorB SHaerB, ^ro noxyiiaTB... Bh MOHa HSBHHHTe, nosa- 
jiytcra, ecjH a Tan noxpo6Ho pacopocrpasaDCB, HHrepecHaro TyrB 
MaiOy ocotfaHBo xaa nocropoHHaro ^ejiOBtu; ho f&x^ bh cau Ha- 
HajiH pascnpamHBaTB, botb a h pasomejca na c^erB caoHxik rai- 
jiioitHHaiUft... ^OKiopi, Vb BOTopoMy a HexaBHO xoxhjii cobšto- 
BaTBca, HaBHBaen bto <rajiJiK)i^HHai^iaiiH»; ohi roBopaTi, iro bto 
ÓojrbdHB, HTO OTB Hea naxo jie^HTBca... 

Giymaa ero, y MOHa xose, aaserca, naunajacB rauioi^HHa- 
ipa... HacToan^ee CHoaa craao yzoxHTB ace xuBme h xUBme, a 
o($pa8n vffh xajteaaro npomjaro saiiejiBBajiH nepex^ raasaiíH cb 
KfisxoB MHHyrot nacroftuBte; nesxy hhmh crajii Bux^aTBca oco- 
(SeHHO pteBO H acHO o6painb npoxHBaro HBaHyniBH... 

Botb aoro HanoMHHJii mhí MOJioxoft HMnpoBHsaTopi, n toí 
caMot MHHyni, aarB owh BomeJTB bi saiy! Mesxy hhich 6wío 



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181 BOCnOOIAHlt XM6TBÍ. 13 

dH«H& MHoro otfn^aro, ne ctoabo jhi^oitb — xar2o6a npEnaA^reasajH 
n oxHcmy H TOMy se oÓn^eHSBicTHOMy lEny cienHoS nojocu Poc- 
eii— CBonKO yxBaTBaMH, hhcto ^iiysHi^RHiťs* jífiBiReEiewh rojOBsi, 
ci BOTopiíirb OHH o6a OTRHXHBaJOi Hasaxi boioch, cnaAUBaionue 
flt jo(}i, npHBHHKOĚ ycrpeiuATB HcnoAJioÓKfl BcnuTyioniiĚ BsrjiflA'^ 
aa co(íec&xHHBa, a laxse o($opoToirE p^hh, ynorpedjeHÍeiii npo- 

CIOBapOAHSIXl CMOVb H BEipaseHÍft, rpyÓOBaTEIMH H HeyUiOSHMH 

ffaseHÍBME... Bon ^ro saciaBHJio Meefl HeBOJiBHO BcnoMHHTB o<5^ 
HBiBymB^ vh npHcyTCTBÍH naBjymnHa, ne roBopa ysi o6i hx^b 
o6qeI erpacTH kb Myraxi h CBoeoÓpasHoirB OTHomemH kl Hcsyc- 
crsy. Otfa ohh, šasi Hcriie a'íth npepcxH, noHEnajiH MysuBy Bax^ 
BÍiyi) laiiHCTBeBHyK), CBepxiecrecTBeHHyK) CBjy, Bnouš caMo- 
cioflTeiBHyx) H pasyMHyH), BoropaB Bepran, BaB% niraiBaMH, cyn^e- 
oměMj 8asa6ajHBmHMH ež pasi naBcerAa cboh> xyniy. 06a roBo- 
piJH o&h moŘ CMíi tfjiaroroB^tHO, noHHsafl rojioci h orjuAUBaflCB 
DO doponaiTB, irotiu yÓiffrrBCfl, hto p£» ixi ne noACjymHBaercfl 
npo^aMH; y Toro h xpyn)ro «iiij0» BHyipH h o6a oxHHaBOBO 
i^saiBCB HeBowosHOcr&H) nepexaiB bitohhocth BBysB, HanoíHAB- 
nde HrB BOotfpaseBÍe;.. a cyxfl no Bne9aTj<ÍHÍH), npOBSBeAeHHOMy 
Ba xem HMupoBEsailieS IlaBjyHiHHa h no Tony, Basi ono bho- 
stflBo H HeyxepaBEMO nepenecjio Měna vh M^bcia, CBasannsiB vh 
Moem jiA ch BocnoMBEameiTE otii SBanyniBi, hosbo 6ujo sa- 
UDmi, ^TO H BxoxHOBenie npoiBJuijioeB y oÓobxi vh oaboS h 
loB ze ^pifi... 

n. 

Ilpesxe ^&rB fpSm f,o maman, ejyxB o&h nBanynusA nocn- 
ach no Bceny ropoxy h o&h Bewb ymrb xftBno na bcA jax^i toji- 
Kttan Vh xbBwntíi. BiiBaio, Borxa hh BOĚxemb xyxa, vbnBO ffl- 
BjHmi men^iyTCfl o bhobb noBBEBmeiíCB fb ropoxi Bonsyppenrt 
oaiíeHiTtro H)pQXBBaro Amonui, o CMsennoirB nBanyniBŠ. Gia- 
pai Bna narapaTBeBBa yBŽpua, tec o6mjí% y nero aHrejiBCBii, 
B 110 ne BBBpaa na b)hoctb, cbbtocth bi hoitb e Bcjusaro (5jiaro- 
wria ne MeHBme 6yj(firhj nim vb Anroms^, h hto roBopnu ohtb 
pt% TBKh ciaxKO, xa yrtmHTejBHO, iio ýbn ero btb caiioe čepme 
^OBx^aerB• 

IIpoflBUCfl HBanynna bi nepsuS pasi na Bjax^Hn^encKOt 
ii Borxa xopoHHJiE qrni^a FjiaxBHHa; Mesxy apxíepetcBHMB 
: OKB ctoíuebj vh cjmuhowl xajaTHB'6, 6ocoŘ h tfesi mansH. 
& i»n X6HB fiurb laBOtt Mopos^B, ?to oCnBEOBennoMy CMepmoMy 
"' 0IÍUO BHcynyTB na ymQr tfesi^ myóii. 




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14 BIMTTHmiBPOIIH. 

— A OH*B, MOfi VOJPfÓnEKhj O^HBITB TOJBRO FocnOXHinťB fj- 

xowh H cun, B HarptrBy— pascRasHBajaHflHfl ciyMHiBHEiira bob* 
xmaHijiMH. 

Pji6afl JlEBRa, ]^on ropHH^HOft JlEsaBeriii cjiumajia, ÓyxrooHi 
H vh Iepyca;iBMi co6EpaeTCfl hatb n^^^niBoiťB, h xose 6ocoHorifi. 

— Caifo coóofi! Ysi ecjiH bxícb no yni^aiťB, xa no 6yiB- 
Bapy xoautb 6ocnBoirB, lasi ysi vh Tasoe CBAToe mícto, rx& 
rpo6i Focno^eHE, canoroBi ne HaA'i^HerB. 

— A HaMeAHBCL noBapenoKi Amsa: y nero, roBopnTB, no- 
AoniBH-TO, Morpn, iiasBioTaROfi naTepriiy— BirbmajmcB BipasroBopL 
^epHorjarasafl $pocBBa. 

DaHBpaTBeBna bjioÓho orpuBnyaacB na nee.— drB, xíbbb, x^Bsa, 
fl8£iBi-T0 y Te6fl 6evh socreft, 6btb-to retifl neBOMy sa TasÍB pi»TO 
rjynsia! 

— EaBafl se Tasas iiasB, «ito b on BaMneft ne CTBpaeiCB, 
B Bfl rpflBBK), BB uuxh¥>^ HB*CB'£roirB ee ne npoHBiiaerBy— nporo- 
BopBJía CB BpoBB^ecBOit ycniniB^ft msea Hacni, xopomeHBBaa níb- 
Bymsa j^rB BOceMHamarB, ne^aBso Bon^nsmafl y^eBBe y ^pan- 
iQrBCBoit Maxaiiti.— H'6rB ysi, cBopte mosho xyiiaiB, ^ito saro- 
Bop% na nero rasott nojioseHi... 7 hbcb bi ^epesnib <{iijia lasafl 
crapyniBa, ^iro on orns saroBapBBajia, ay botb, MOsen, b otb mo- 
posa Tose... 

— A cnpocBTB 6u y nero, x^ByniBa, MOsen, b CBaserB?— 
npexJííosBJia JÍBSBa. 

— HmB TH jioBsafl! sy-Ba, cnpocB... 

— ?TOS'B, sí6u cnpocfljiai Ba6u aobojiocb cb bbhi yBBx^TBca. 
Owb, roBoparB, cobcím^b npocTofl. HaiieAHBCB XapBHCsit noBapi 
npBXOABJi% KisameMy daxap^B OexopoBB^y BacaniOMi, raBicBa- 
suBajTB: Vh BaMi, roBopBPB, 8T0TB caHEitt nBanymsa nonrai sa- 
SBHBHtt xeBB saxoxHTB wb jioxcByK), n'kBB 6osecTBeflHEiB noerB, 
xopomo Tas^By xa HyBCTBBTaiBHo! npo CioBCsyK) x^By b bcabíb xpy- 
rÍB, a Tasse upopo^ecTByerB, xa se to, ito6ii ciosaMB, HaMOBom 
TaiTB, nocJOBBi^efl, jib6o CTBxaiiB^ sasi xpyrie, hítb, o&*b Bce doshme 

BapTBEBaMB... 

— KaBBMB TaBBMB BapTBHBaMB?— j[K)6oniiTCTBOBajia it>jnax%* 
Bymevhy niBeft, BAsa^Bn^Bi^i, BpyseBHBiTB b (S&ioniBeeBi, nanoji- 
HflBmnxrB 6oxbmyiOy cvbtjyio x^bbhbk). 

— A botb: napBcyen sapanxanraBOirB na ÓjuusjA ejio^iqr, 

BpecTHrB jifltfo xoMBBi BiB i^Bto)^eBi, a TO BB^puBiBy sasyio-HB- 
6yXB, ne to nTBHsy, ne to piitfBy, b noBBMalt lyrB cbok> cyx^y 
BavB BBaemB. 

— Jlfi, Basse noH9TB-TO? 



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m BOonoxHHimĚ a^tctbi. 16 

— O^eHB npOCTO, RERI CHU nOHHKaH)TCH, rB,Kh H 8T0: BpecTB 

ie(Si vh ropK), cocHa— Bi CMepm, aomi — cbohmi xcsbActbomi 
zm, jh6o Tpo&by BHOCRasaTejBHO sHa^HTi. 

— BoTB BaRit— npoTflHyja paso^apoBaHnaa JlHSBa. 

— A TEi vsjvb 6u xyMaja?— npoAOJsajia oÓiachatb 6£iCTpo- 
riasaji, npoBopaafl Hacra,— oho h Bce Tasí, bh oahhi 6jiaseH- 
HHt He CKaseTL te&b npflMO, nero Te&b sj^axB otb cjabÓu, a Bce 

(AwBSKOWb... fl BOn, 06BHflBH-T0 8TH RaSBHHUfi HeJIOB^Bl H AOJI- 

zeffB noHHifaTB na eBofi jia^B, kl cBoefl SHanorb ibashe npHMŠ- 
hudto; TaBi JIH fl roBopK), ^apbfl IlaHRpaTLeBea? 

HflHfl yTBepxBTejBHO BEBHyjia rojOBoS, ne nepecraBan cHHTaiB 
neTJu ^jisa hbi tojctoS 6%jni, Boxopiifi ona Bflsajia. 

— FoBoparB, 6y*T0 BsaHymBa aaserB na BJia^^Hm*?— cnpo- 
CHja JiHBBa. 

— Tfíb se eiiy TaicB aniB, aomobi xaMi fStb, — BaMÍíHja 
#pocfl. 

— 3a^irB eHy aomi? IIpaTRHercfl bi Basot hh Ha eciB no- 
ruKi, Aa H coHrB cedi; eMy ^to! Hh xja^iy, hh nuj ne ^yB- 
CTByerBy obi ({jiaseHHut, 6osbíř ^ejioB^RB, snaHHTB. Tasm-TO, 
laii offB, anrejiu nefiecHBie BaB'£n^aH)rB bi TiopBMax^, x& BopoHH 
n nycniHH HHiaioirB, — nacTaBBTejiBHo npoBSHecjia IlaHBpaTBeBHa. 

— OxHaBO, Anroma ysi nflriifi roxB SEBeii y crojuipa fb 

— IIoTOMy H SBBen, HTO eMy Tasi^ xoqercH, a ne saxor&rB 
(h, TtB'B h OHI... ÁBTomaTose CBBTOB ^ejiOB^Bi, — p^HiHJia nocit 
He6onmoft sanHHBH crapymBa. 

— Cbhtoí-to oh-b cBBTot^ a noAB, Hafl, nycra ero tiocuirB, 
W ((esi manBH no TasoMy Moposy, shbo 8aB0HeH'ieTi. 

— Mošen, 8aB0^eH^teTB, a Mosen, h h^pb, naB^B Tocho^b 
DonycTHirB, — npoxojusajia sacrynaTBCfl sa ciaparo 6jiaseHHaro Hama 

HlII. 

dm pasroBopu h napa^jiejni Mesxy AnTomett h EBaHymBoS 
noertxHee Bpeiifl B08o6HOBJifljiHCB o^enB^acro vbfíbsEHheŘ, OTBy^a 
nepexoxHJni vb x^TCByK) h Bjiaccnyio, h HaBonei^^B, wb ojí,BWh npe- 
ipacHBft xeflB pasroBopi o6h hoboitb ÓjassenHOMi, BaHHMaBmeiTB 
BecB Topox>) BamejťB h fb MaMamHHofl cnajBH^. 

IlepBHJi yera, npoHSHecmifl bi npEcyícTBÍH maman hmh HBa- 
flyoiBi, 6wa Ójí^hhb, norpecBaBrnúrcfl ycra AjieBcaHApu IleT- 
PMm CyxopyuH. A^Jio 6uio yrpom; nacB no o6iiBHOBeHÍK), npH- 
HiB txopoBarBCfl cb maman. Ona cex^Jia sa cbobitb lyajieTHiiifB 
cnuKBy a Ba ea Bpeciom^ vb yroiBy Mesxy mHpMot h era- 

C& ^p4K)p0M!B, npHMOCTHJiaCB Ha CBpOMHOlTB ciyjii AjieB- 



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16 B^OTHm KBPODH. 

caHxpa IlerpoBHa CyxopyHsa. dra ocotia, ne CMorpa he cbok> 
Ó^AHO^iB (cyn^ecTDOBaja ona tojlbo noxasmeiTB óapiiHB Ójaro- 
X^iejiBHHiti^ naxBHXi na CBUTOini), 6um y hece vb donmois^ 
noneiif h maman abeo ormajia ee otb npoTOXi Óosbhxi cra- 
pymeiTB, noctn^aBmexi HanrB xomi. Bi nem HMeHHO sauDHaics 
npecTHSi AjieBcaHxpu nerpoBHK, sroro a h Hpesxe ne noHHnajiay 
xa M lenepB hohatb ne Mory« Hh vb napysHOCTH ea, hh bi ro- 
joci, HH Vb o6pan^6HÍH, nejiBafl 6hjo nojuťbTHTb HHHero yMHjra- 
TejBHarOi HHBaROfi ocoÓeHHott cbatocth. Ona ne snajia TasHXib 
HyBCTBHTejBHuxx cjOBi, UKb Oe^GCBiomKa, orB nes ne b&uo 
lott aiefiHOCTBH), BaBOH) B&uo on Abaotbh Ghihhihu; AjieBcaHApy 
QerpoBHy fifiLxe h crapymRofi HejiBSfl 6hjio HasBaiBy — bto 6iua 
njOTHafl seHo^raa, jrbrB njiTHxecflTH, HetfoiBmoro pociSi sopeHa- 
CTafl, CB rpy6iiirB, MyscRHifB jhi^oitb, najieHBKHMH, xhtphmh rjias- 
BaicH, rpoMKoft pí^BK) H p^RHHH yxfianaMH. Oxftia ona Óuxa 
Bcerxa fb TeMHHt mepcraHOt isanorB, 6oiBmott aoBpoBufi ojaiovb, 
sasojOTiiS Ha rpyxH tojctoí 6yjaBKoft cb cypryiHott roJOBsoft, h 
KB HepHOMi mieBOWb ^enníb cb jeHiaMH, xo loro rpasHiíMH, iro 
TpyXHO (5tfio onpex^HTB hxi nepBona^ajBHiit nvbrb. 

IIoapomaflKOt AjiescaHxpy IlerpoBEy neiBu 6um sasBaTb; 
ona HH y Boro HH^ero ne npocHja, ho hh otb wro h6 OTKasa- 
BajacB, a npRHHMaa Bce, ht6 efl xapnjiHi Haunas cb fjmerb h 
ROH^as BCflRaro poxa HeroxnuifB TpanBem h xaRHiiH Ben^aiaiy 
RaRinycTHH ÓjtujikEj HanpHM^prB^ hjih BCipenaHHuft i^BfeoKB co 
crapoi nuflUH, HHV'bm ne BHpasajia npn arom hh paxocTH, hh 
npBBHaiejBHOCTH. Otb npoHHXi HepnocajonnHi^i h 6oroMOJon» 
AjieRcaHxpa DerpoBna OTJiHUjacB ensfi tím'jb, vro ho aBciHjia 
CBOHiťB tfjiaroA^tejuiiťB h p^meiejiBHO hh^íitb ne ciapaiacB yro- 

XÍTB HMI9 HH npOCBHpaMH CB BHHyTUMH HaCIflMH Sa 8XpaBÍ6| HH 

npiaTHHMH pivaHH, h Bcerxa roBopnjia npaBxy. Tot hobocth, 
ROTopyio cootin^HJia AjeRcanxpa IlerpoB^a, mosho (5hjio bíphtb h 
cyaKA<^HÍR oH cHHiajiHCB BHOíHt ÓesnpHCipacTHHMH. 3BaiH ee Cyxo- 
pyuoĚ noTOMy, vro BcitxcTBie Raaot-io 6ojrt8HH, hphxid^hb- 
metcfl GTB HeH> wb hojoxocth, y Hen cx&iajiocB cpaDteme Mycsy- 
jiOHB xbBOŘ pyRH. Cbok) HsypoxoBaHHyD pyny ona aoerxa xep- 
saja cnpHiaHHOt nox> niaiROMi h HHROMy kb nipi (no Rpaft- 
neS yiipbj hh, x^th, 6ujh y&bmffiEu b% otohi) ne yxasaiocB ee 
BHxitTB, H Bose HOĚ, CROiBRO ^[MiHTacTHiecRHxs npexcraBieHÍl Boa- 
(5ysxuocB Vb HamoHi BOotfpasemH npH mbcjih o&b btoS pyB&! 
— Bh roBopHie, AjteRcanxpa IlerpoBHa, tto (Mn BjaxHRa 
HHiepecyeiOH HnaHymRot?— cnpamHBaia maman. 



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mrb BOiflOIIHiHli XSTCTBÁ. 17 

— On canoro Ceprta HHsojaeBHU cjninaia, HaTymiia,— 
OTBiujia nocÍTBiejLrai|a. 

Geprii HHiaiMBBn Cum pereerL npa xopb specroBoi 



— Enqe bi nponLioe BOCspeceHLe hsbojihih csasaiB: Korxa 
spiffn aroTB. caMiitt lopoABBMfi bi i^epsoBB, ne Bimyii^aTE ero 
uocA cxymi6u h npiiBecTH xo mhí. Easi o<^buh ÚbslujuivA, 
^10 BjaxHsa sejiaerjb cb hhitb Óec&xoBaTB, Tasafl poiSocxb na nero 
lanaia, crparab! IIo&iíxhíjíi BecB, saxpoaBarB, xan ocHHOBiit 
lECii, xa B/tpfrb, saai BcrpaxHerb i^apkmh xft no&bamrbl Ha* 
djy notM&iH y OMurb BopoTB, coacafo b30*to h» npoxosHxi 
mnon e% yjimpi. A ukl noBxaiH ero, laK^ h cynpoTBBHHvaTB 
nepeciajnk A eaiia BHXJbjía, sarb ero HOBau kb bjmahbí, nox& 
pynr, ci oxmt cropoHH jkhnevb Eibmu^ ce ;qpyroS 6acb Map* 
ihbob;^ a csaxa cjtyssa BacHHua men, h bc& jacsoBo cib HHm 
mn: hxh^ roBopaTB, HBaHymBa, ixi, on Hamero buuupibh HB^ero 
lypHoro le&b ne 6yAen, 0^)0112 loro, tco seiaienno hmi, roBO- 
pfln, sHaiB, HTo TU 8a naaoBi^Ri h orayxa eBoe npoBexosxeHÍe 
Beixraa. A owhj moě vojyŮ^EKhj marBen pasB, xpyrofi, a& h 
ynpeica, marHen jifí h ynpeica, no CTOpoHaicx OBapaunncB b 
eiesH ropBKÍfl npojraBax)HB, ciOBa He Hojsen BHroBopBTb cb nepe^ 
^ry. OABaBO, onpaBBJíefl, Kor^a ero npexcraBBjB vh i^xiepetcsyx) 
saiy B BjaxHBÍ xo^osbjib. JíflJívo BgBoniJi^Óec&xoBaTB ch hbitb 
npeocBflnteHfliiit b Tam Myjipua cjiOBa otb nero ycjmman, ^to 
ffuy xa^cfly Ba Bce, p^bniBieJiBBO aa Bce HfiaBymxa eiiy bbx hb- 

CaBÍB OTB^TCTBOBaJTE. 

— OrayAA th? — enpftoiBBaen apeocBBu^eBBHž* 

— B% fpufb Omfi Moero oÓBieiett mioro, — roBOpBn. 

— Kto tbob poxBTejiB? 

3BÍpH,— rOBOimrB,— BM<ÍB>n HOpU B HTBipi TS/bs/UB^, Cufly 

leiOB^iecBOMy Ber^ roaoBy npeuoHBTB^ 

— Ji y letiií cnpaniBBaK), kto tboí prei^i, lero tu otb ot- 
Bfaa OTJHBHBaeniB? 

— Bet ka eABHaro Ori^a jíibn. 

— Ilowinr. — cnnanmBaen RiaAHRO,— Bi Taxofl MOposi 6e8l 

IThj HTO JOLj J XeŮB? 

8, roBopBTB, Ba IITB^u Be6ec- 
uh Uflipb CoJiOHOBi, npfl Bceft 
b savB oh£. 

CB0X> pÍ9B rjiyÓesBiťB bbaoxoitb. 
I? — cnpocBJía mamau, bbxbmo 

2 

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18 wKtmaeh iBPOini. 

— npnasan BHHeoni eny xb% rpHBSH AenerB h noEopicHT& 
Ha ByzBi, — oTBiHua AjiescaHXpa IlerpoBHa. A 3air6irB, noxospa- 
TeiBHO orjiflHyBmHCB no ctopoHam h y((%xiBmHCb, tto HHBoro 
Vh cnajLHŠ H8^ npHCJiyrE hšitb, ona npe^aBAja, TaHHCTBeHHO 
noHHsas rojocB: 

— BjiaxBBa HBBOJiBJiH (UarocjiOBHTB ero: kah, roBopvTB, ch 
MHpoiTB, H ecjm TOJiBKO fl OTh Te(Sfl TaBflxi cMyTBflHCTBi H (esnopA^- 
xoBi, xaB^ Wb BBUTh npoiBxi, He yBHsy ■ ee ycjumy, Ha- 
jíjbŘcsí, roBopm, Ha Moe HOBpoBHrejiBCTBO h hto mhjioctbh) Moeft 
TH He 6yxemB ocraBJíeHB. 

nocjtxHk cjOBa He nonpaBHJiHCB maman. J(a b ne komh ohh 
efi ]aoHpaBHTBCfl; ona otjhhho noHHMajia, na soro apziepet naMe- 
jsu%y ynoHHHafl odi^ «BHEix'b npOTHX*&», CMyn^aBniHxi napoxB 6yft* 
CTBaiíH H BCflBarp poxa HenpHJiBHÍBMB; xase h a, AoraAPtiacB^ ito 
pi^ Bxen ofo K)pOAHBoirB AnroHyniKi, BoropuS (ten y maman 
jFb TasoifB ^^aBopi, ^nro HEBasLi ero HyAa^eCTBa, xoxoxuBmifl nacro 
jífl sjíoro, nenoBBOJiHTejiBHaro osopciBa, ne MorjiH noBOJie6aTB eg 

B&pU Vh ero CBflTOCTB. 

Ho AjiescaHApa Ile^OBHa Cyxopy^Ka ne tojibko He pasx^^juuia 
BToro yfijce^eHÍfl ÁHroHymEofi, ho Aase BCflHecsH ocys^aia ero 
Bi xpynirb. 7 hoh 6uáe bícbíx npennii OTHOcerbca nexOBtp- 
UBO H Bpaaaxe^HO k% ciapoMy K)poxHBOHy: ohb Tosae cb Hesana- 
usTBurb BpeMOHi HenaBHX^^ ee, npH Basaxoft Bcrp^qš pyraxB 
HeneHaTHHMH cjiOBamiy HsotfjiHiajrB vh BopiiciojiH)6ÍH h bi TaBHXx 
iecT0JiH)6HBSixi saMHCjaxii aairB, HanpHMipB, acejanie BsixaTE nie- 
líflHHniQr sa rapHHsoHHaro o^Hi^epa h cbohetb eĚ vh npExanoe 
BanHxajii isffh noxaieiKB ÓjaroTBopErennHit^, Ilpn btoitb ohx 
rnajicfl sa hoh) co cbohitb x^hhheimi nocoxoirB h rposHJca hcbo- 
JOTHTB ee xo nojiycMepTH. 

AnTOHymsa H8o6paatajnb rb^b cetia lopoxHBaro kb nojiHOiTB 
CMUui 9Toro cjiOBa: ctohjio toabo BsrjiHHyTB Ha nero h npH- 
cjiymaTBCfl bi ero xhbhhi pinairB, 9x0611 y(H^XHTBCtf, hto owl ne 
B6& cBoeiťB yifi. PacxasHBaji ohb ho yjiHi^aMi bi xbjbt^^ cmH- 
ToiTB H81 poBOBaro HiH FOJiy^oro BOjeHBopa, Bax']^xok'b npaMO na 
copoqay h noxnoflcannoirB tojctoA BepoBRoS, sa Roropolt Óojira- 
XHCB orpoMHue BJiioHH, HeHCiOBO rpeictBmie npH xbsxobtb ero xbh- 
senÍHy H njnerymsa ch mnenoMi mi hthi^. Hljiflna ero Óujia 
B&^HO yniBaHa BceBOSMOSHoS xp^hbio: jiHciBaMH, jtocsyrsaMH, nyn- 
BaMH cojiOMii H čina, HHorxa na nett Top^ajiH i^b'6tu, vl nepe* 
Messy (Tb BypHHHMH H HaBJHHiniH nepBflMH, aroxa, apjniBH cb 
(5yTHJioBi H CB noKaxHHX!B 6aH0BB, — Bce/HTÓ TOJEBRo noHaxaJOCB 
eiíy Hoxi Honi, npH nociOAHHiixi ero crpaHCTBOBamaxi co XBopa 



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Vn BOCnOIIHAHlI A«TOTBÁ. 19 

BO jtfiophj Hdx ÁóMa n aom*b, Bce 8to oh^ nox^Bpaxb h BTHRaj^b 
3a nopHsiBmyH) jenry^ yspainaBmyK) orpoHHufi BOftaOHHiifi rpn^^, 
BOTopsfi Bo Bcb BpeneHa roxa noBpuBaji'B ero spynejnoi nyx^a* 
try© cftjyio roiOBy. 

Fiasa y nero tfsiH ^HBie, ÓJiysxaioQtie, opajTB osb na Bdbxi 
6i9jmn> líaTOiTB h, vh nepenesKy es HspeneHiAMH bsi Gb. IlflcaHifly 
npEmm ctojibbo CBBepHOCJiOBifl h CTpamHiix'^ nposjíflTilt, hto bo- 
XBTB ci Eíswh sHaBOMCTBO 6uio uóAosiwseshEO sasopHO, saaopHO 
» E Ee (^esonacHo, ran Basi bx MBEyiEi ^anaTH^ecBara asapia 
OHI ne saTpyxHajcx HHBaBBMH iripavE nponaraHxu, 6ejl% bofo 
fli nonaio najBoS, nieBajix jnontiwb fb rjasa, BHÓHBajii Ba- 
m&&BUE creBja bi xonarB h npoH8BOABJi'B lOMy noxoÓHQir 6e3* 
^ncna cb rjytioBHiťE yCiscsemeMi, ^o bcImh ero Ó^meHHMH 
BBxoxBaMH pyBOBOXHTB BHcmaa, He^ecnafl npeMy^pociB h ^to no* 
crpaxaTB sa TaBÍa ;ii^HÍfl o^enB x&se xopomo h xyniecnacHTejiBHO. 

Bnpo^eiTB, tfjiaroAapfl nporeBi^iflirb vh BHcinBX'B cýepaxi, f,0AV0 
erpaxaTB eMy HHBorxa ne xoboabjiocb; BaB'B tojbbo-hto bi Ham 
iBuicA roHeiTB cb BSB^bcrieirB o tomi, ito AnroHymBa sa 6yžcTB0 
1 sa eonpomieHie BjacrairB sacas^ffB vb nacTB em vh ocrpori, 
maman Tornaci se npBHBMajacB xjionoraTB o6i ero ocBo6osAeHÍH, 
I AHTOHymBy HeneAJieHHO BunycBajiH hbi BaToneBÍfl. Oxbh^b tojbbo 
pBn, He CMOipa ea bcš npocBÓH bucobbxi noBpoBEiejiBHBi^x 
laBB maman, ero npoAepsaiB vb aomí yMajinmeHHEix'B obojio 
Tpexi uicBEfiVh] HO naffo cosnaiBCA, ^to npecryn^eHÍe, coBepmon- 
loe mrB, feao laBoro po^a, hto bcabíS xpyi*ofi na ero uicvb 
jKmmTEicsL 611 8a eero Baroprofi: oni no^sen cb nerEipexi boh- 
qoBfB (JojiBmofi xepeMHHHft AOiTB, nanojiHeHHHfi témb npejecxHH- 
iiam, Bi Bpyry Boxopiixi Basffiftmie irlciHtie canoBHBBB HCBajH 
oixoxHOBeHifl orB TpyAOBi, conpflseHHuxi C!B ynpaBjeeieifB ry6ep- 
mA, H y&bi&EWifiL OTB ccop'B fl BanpBsoFB, ocasAafion^Bxi bxi y 
Ámamnaro oqara. DoxsorB yxaďCfl BaBi ne^Bsa jiy^me, b toabo 
fioroAftpH cnacTJBBofl cjyHafiHOCTB ne crop'|ji'B jsfl xjia bocb BBap- 
mn, 0BpyacaBmi8 axanie. CanoBHBBH cb <6apumHflMB> noBiicBa- 
lan H8% OBOHx H H3i ABepeS vb laBOH-B co6ja8HBTe;iBeoArB HerjiEse 
X Booóo^e Vh Ty ho^b npoBSonMO ctojebbo CBaHAajiBHBix'B ci^eH'B 
1 CKŠmHHXi BEWíOfflVhj Hno pi^meHO Óujio npoBcmecTBie bto ne 
WjMQgnocTB saMflTB; H ne XBacraficfl cbobm^ noxBBroirB cairs 
A amyma a no BcAiťB nepeBpecTBam, ero, 6btb MOserB, cobc^mi 
6u vb nowb. 

^Smmfvh CBot BJOft BanymeBi fb oropoA'B iiaiiamBHa Jto- 
AjeiEcaBxpa IlerpoBna CMOJBJía h H'&BOTopoe BpeM2 sp^xTii 
MiĚfltíĚĚj BBSBxaja oTB^Ta, Bonpoca hjib saiiii^aHífl^ no HB^ero 

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20 BMTBm IBřOOJJ. 

iiaAO((jiaro Be noci^AOBaio: miman ne oÓofMwa^Buth k% nei m 
npoxMatajia saHBMaTbca cbmmi Tyaxerox^B, hi exBHBMi sByiom 
ne HOoimNifl ee Ba xairatlniyH) (Sojtobhio. 

Cyxopy^Ba, BOxsaBmH cboh jzjúsi 17611, dJUMi rudaiiH cai- 
Xiua 8a BC^MH ea xBHseQúiiur, b B^yn, coBepmemo aeosBxaBBO, 
cBOBa saroBopBJía: 

— Oai, HBaByiflBa*TO, Bce o6b sanieB mbjoctb cnpaniBBaen... 
BaiiexQBCB y Co^h BameS xon&THBajiCfl: vh sasyK) i^epBOBb bbbo* 
MVh reBepaiBisa ísxbtb, boAth 6&1 BOenoipftTB aa see... 

Maman spepsaia ee sa wjiycMBi: — CsaBiBTe, AjeKcaBxpa. 
HerpoBBa, pafioTaen Bama CoBB^Ra Ba MejifcBBxoBy? 

— ?To6ii csasaTB, hto paOoraen, aroro Bensa csasaTB. Co^mí 
Moa— Be npoerafl BaBafl-flBéyxB.mBefiBa, ^TotfuxJuiBcaBott mymepH,. 
npocTB FocBOXB, rjasa cbob cjídhxi; Taste-TO, sarb Mys'b Men- 
BBxoBoi, y ea orpanoAi BOxasAOft cocioub... 

noROĚBuS orei^i GoBBna, poxHOfl 6pan CyxopyqBB, 6aM% 
mTaficB-BanfliaBOMi wb BaBom-io apHefiCBOBCi Bojsy, h (k)jua 
CTapymsa o^eBb ropxBJíacL btbmi poxcxBoicB. CsaiBBO pasB xobo- 
ABJOCB Bam cjiímaTB, ebki obb, ocBopfijekflaa MBBMi-BHfiyAB 
BeBBHHaBÍeMi co CTopoBii BBBiBxi po^Biejefi, BOp^ajia CBB08B sytfii: 
<BjeBaTB uBiy HTO reflepaiHy y MeBa y caiioíl (pani Ba6H b& 
yiiep^i xeflepB 6u boibobbhsoitb 6un^. 

— fl BBx^ja Ba MejiBBBBOBOt BopoTBBBi TpeTBsro abb; oba- 
roBopBT%, HTo efi Bama BjeiiflHBBaa ero BumBBaja,— BpoAOJisaia 
maman, Be o6paa^aa BBBiiaBia Ba BexoBOJBBut tobi esoefl nodb- 
TBiejiBflBi^i]: — BpBBUBTe ee, noacaiyicra, nycTB oaa flOsasBerB JIh* 
saBeri, sasi BayrBBBB x^jaiB, ^m6ii bhxoxbjo TasiKarBy flea... 

MhÍ BOpOTBBRl Ba MejlBBBBOBOt O^eBB BOBpaBBaCB... 



m, 

IIpBBBMaflCB 8a BCTopÍK) HBaBymBB, a BaTamBancB Ba Be- 
OB&BxaBBHfl saipy^fleBÍfl, a BMesBO — Ba BOJB^Imyio fleBOSMOsHocii^ 
pascsasaTB ee cbabbo b 6e8i laBBXi ncxpotisocTefi h OTCTyniesifi^ 
BOTopufl MoryrB nosasarbca iBTarejio Be tojibbo jiarnaBiiB b ae- 
HxynpMB Bi A^y, bo lasse b BeBpaBxonoxoČBHMB. CopiapoBaTB 
se BOcnOMBBaBia b Bflewrj'ÍBÍfl b8i Tasoro xajeBaro npomjiaro, 
no M'ip'b Toro, sasB ohb, uibujíZíLCh oabo sa Apyroe, BepaspHBBOfi 
nibuhio BCBJíiiBaiorB sa nanaTB, OBaBUBaerca mbí Be bo camitb. 
OflB OBJEBA^BaiorB BooCpaseflieifB, Basi apaspasa bsi BeBBXBnaro 

Ifipa, E Eivb BOBMOSBOCTB CBpaBBTBCa Cl BBMB, rpyBBBpOBaTK 



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13^ BOCnOHIiHlt ffBTOTBA. 21 

u!B Bo fiopflXBy ■ ocBtnTB no sejEHÍH), TavB HacToSHHBOTpe<$yen 
uamfA BVh HBxi CBoel xojh BomaHÚr. 

Ran CBasaao BBine, H>poxKBHtt AHroHynna npHUBC&iBaďi caoeS 

WrpíITeiBHHI^ ^eCTOJII)($BBHe SMUCJIH H Wb MBEJTU OBJlOtfjie* 

fflf Bft Hee opus Ba bcíii TOpeq)ecTEax'&, ($yxro ona BaA'&eTCfl 
upancTBTB o4>Bi^pa npBxaHim, HaBon^eBBuir& xu njieiuiBBflqii 
0s xo6poxoTBHn noatepTBOBaBÍt pasHux% 0jiarox$TejiBHBi^'B, ho 
wmBo CKaBat^ bo^th aaďrtpBoe, vtú wh crponrBBOCTB csoet Ahto* 
ayBiBi saxoxan cjtamBOirE xaieso. Dpaaxa, ^m AieacaHxpa Iler- 
poBfla nosBOJBJía caoett njieMBBHBi^^ Co^bí maTs Óixbe cyHpyri 
BOiBOBoro BOBABxapai CTOBBmaro bi ropoffl tioJKa^ h tto xaiia 
m aacsaja Kbejmuj b octaBJBja ee BBOrAa ů&bMAtb^ Rorxa ne 
ůsao y HBXS rociefi, bo ho oxsa nonoBBBi^a Jiacsa^a Cobh>^ eS 
fl Wh Kpynrb xoiiaxi 6iub paxu; ee b y Bacs jio^bjih. Bx roc- 
uboB, vh xÍBB»e& a vh x^tomA, aesx^ npBBtTCXBOBajni pMyniBO 
Beceiyi^) yeiyauBByB) BJieiiflBBBiQr Cyxopyiaa. Mu, x^a, ee 060- 
juuB, H xxa BanÓHJTL aacTOfloMi Hpa8XHBBi»i Borxa oaa isxajia 
«& BaMB ByoaTBca bh ryjan aa ropoxB, aorxa ote arpajia cb 
aaBB vh ayBjni bib aasBiiaja saei xpyniM^ BasairB-HBÓyxB o6pa- 
8OB1. EaKb satfasBo b BBTepecBO yirbaa osa padCBasHBan npo 
ion ifjpi, BOTOpMft noBTB coBctMi flrflopBpoBajica Wh nameHi 

WlBBOirL XOMÍI npo MÍp% IceJBHXl WHOBHflBOBBy JiaB0VBBB0B1&, 

Booon, xase aaiepoBi... j9|a, Bon xaase Byxa no BpeiieBaiix sa- 
^BpaiacB Conai Ob oxhoS airpBeoS, caicoS rjiaBHOfi, Boiopaa n 
jQHuii «AjHt (SanuiaveBfB* arpan '^epajBxy, a vh «BÍqnoirB 
nxi» — Axpienfly-xe-RapxoB&iBy Oohb (bin xoboibho BopoTso ana- 
a^aa; ona efi Moeimáu sojovoitb aumiBaia b apracraa cboibbo 
pa8% DpexMran el xftpoBiie (Saxeni b% learpi... EcaeÚu tojibbo 
ae TeifBBBa Aieaeaaxpa IleTpOBHaL. KoBemo, sbbb y Hea, neiero 
fojo B xyxaTB o Tearpaxi. 

Oo MHOt OOBB 6UM OWBB OTBpOBeHBa, B SHaja wA esL TalBU. 

Oaa CO BcftMB noxpotfEocraifB Bepaxaaau mA saiuiaiti terBB na 
ea ewThj ea aaxeaxg a paaowpoBaaia. HejBsa caaaaTB, moůa 
Oyxopy^Ba se aaHBiiajiacB «npBCTpoBGTBOirB» nJeMaHHB^H, 0^ 
Binl Qaa Boxiaa aHascmcrBO b Boa^caa yroBsxiua bcIitb ropox- 
auun cBaxaiTBy bsbícthuitb b BeasB^CTHiiirB, cayacajia MoaetfHH b 
tmma cbíw riwh yroxasBam, aoiopHe wwAm penyraiUio SBiepe- 
laianca tfpamuiB x^^mb b cnoeo(krrBOBaTB axi ÓjiaronojyTOoiiy 
MBKwy* Ona xaaBe xaJia oMqanie coa^nmrB ninmoicB nyreme- 
^» UeB!B, ecjB i!OiBao Toenoxy Bory (SyxerB yroxao noMon 
> uesaHBii^. CxyiBH BfB Tony HaBepTHBancB xoboibho 



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22 Momn iBFom. 

^acrOy HO BBABO «cyxb6ii» eafi f^B Cobv se 6íijo, a soroiiy no 
CMTh nopi HHiero ne yopOBBaiocB. 

& Bcerxa paeione BcixiBHaja o nperoToaieHlixi n ciiOTpH- 
M9M% E o nocjii(ACTBÍaxi ux%. Hocit ciiepni poxneieS Gort jt^ 
BaiBCfl 6ujo Besyxa, b el BOjet-seepjet npBzotXBJocb mbpbtbcb 
ch Hesecejiol nepcnesTBBoS díLBBcixh wh 6(mhtíí crapymsa k> 
liTb nophy noxa eS bo BHfixen «cyx^** Korjia Cobb npB(Hb- 
raia bi Bam cb 6jiecTflauuiB orb BByrpesHaro bojbobíb riaiau 
B pacBpacBiBmBMBCB n^esaiíB, .bto SBa^BJío, ^to octb vro^BMŮyfft^ 
m> BBxy- 

— DpBBasaja BUByrL bsi cyoxyaa rojy(k>e riaece luaaM b 
espoBOByio ByapoByio xaBTBUK), — nepexasaja oaa bbí TaBscrBes- 
flUMi monoTOM^— Boranil) roBopiTB, CBOfi aoitb hb PoiSaiiBOfi 
yjBi^i, zyiopib sa Bojrofl... A vb bočí i^Atobi npBBOiH), saBi 
Bu xyMaeie? totb posaBi, ^to BBj^e-ryÓepBaTopnia mbj^ noxapBia?.. 
MapBfl HBaBOBHa CBasusaia, cbojbbo*to tucb^i vh jíOu6a;pKb »- 
SBTB.^ BycH 6u Haxtja, rt, seaere, ^to nporononflita mhí hocjí 
CMepiB xo^epB BOxapBMy x& HO 8BaK)y no8BOJnn jíe TeroBMca... 

— Fojyfioe luaiLe n CBpeHOBoi ifaBTBJBefi, axo se spacBBO^ 

— nOBBOJBJía fl CeŮi BpBTBBOBaXB. 

— ?T0 Bu! H§T%9 o^OBii xAse BpacBBo. nepiaiBB naieaufl,.. 
Obi ajMETh ceapeiapeiii bi bohcbctopíb, evy CBaraiB bio- 
Bitciy B» xyxoBBaro SBaBÍa, BsyHBy co^opsaro x^sbobb, . npaxa- 
fiBFO ffšcn pytfjeft oxhbiib xoHBraMB, ospom Beero npouro, ca- 
joni učil, BacToanMUái auácoic^B spursiS, x& wm% xbJíyniBa ů&b- 
mM% nocaí CMepni ociaBBTBi Bon aaxaa Besicift! He sazortn: 
BopflBaa, roBopBTi, a A6H&rB, roBopBn, au Mesa biCboo a^m, 
6iija 6u oco(Sa no Bsycy... TeieBbBa roBopan — ffisen y Horo 
crpacTB! Efi peroBn caagHBaw, — a yB;i obi 8Baenb»— bboS pan, 
roBopBTi, TBBi cjyHaeTCfl, HTO Bi OABBi AeflB 6ojiMne cra py6itíl 
BarpeÓerb... y mobb, roBopan, cynpyra ÓyAen cobcími no 6u- 
ropcABOuy, bo to, «to6u crpasan bu &kihe cmpan, a pioiB- 
TejiBflo HBBaaot paOotoS ae Aouna BanBHaiBci. ^foBy ei syniv, 
AB Basa^BB Ha no6iryniBB... 

— ^Tosi TB ÓyA^mL qfijiifi aobb a^jbib, Cobb, bíab cayiB^ 

TBBl-TO... 

Obb cninujia npepBBTb MeHi. 

— CByuo! BoTB eqe BUAyBajal Y sack junbbab 6yAen^ 
BaR!L cocBy^ycB, TBB^ npBBBsy Bywpy aaBjaAHBaTLi ab b no* 
izua, JBÓo Bi rocTB, u(k) tbbi npoBaxBnca, bi aaBBH saiiAyr 
KBBBU jaBOMCTBi HaBynu)... fljmen y uem tofab (5yAen mbovo, 
na ^TO zóny, na to b Tpa^y^ HBBOiiy or^era ne OTABBafi. 



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m BOGDoiaauail xitctba. 28 

— ^ OHIy MOsen (5nrB, ne tiyxen Te(% xuaiB xesen-xo. 

— By ffiTh. 7mh a SHai), Hi!o6yxen, — ynopno iwpxua ona, 
a MfiCMfflŘ OTBepniBaacB on BenpiaTHiixi npexnoiosraifl. 

Ho a Bacrauaia.— Offb, mosotb tfiiTBy saoS tfyxen, botb sasi 
ynaiOBL... (Tana se tb paBCRamiaia npo ero sray, xasafl oaa 
BeeiacTHaa, a rose nftx^ Óoraiiie... 

— Hy, ymaaoBa caxa BHHOBaza... — h Cona npHBOXHja apry- 
MeHTH He coBcftm noHaiHne xu xefla, xBiHamarHjbnefi x^boikh. 

HnoF^a Moa HenoHauraaocTb npo6yMfiU9L fb ea xyint híhto 
n poxi paeaaaHÍa, a oaa yiJixHxeuBO iq[M)CHaa Měna satiiiTB Biip- 
Basmyioca y nea He^aano Hecq^MHOcis. 

— A Bce eatfiiBaiOf hio bh en^e iiax^HBBia h HHwro Taaoro 
ae xoiaKHii eayaiaTBi noflaajytcia, ae noBxopflftie hh npa acm 
TO, ^ a BaM!b Tyrb crjysa tfoaraa); 6^, ecia mp HaMama ^oft- 
lenÁ Bcbwh AOCiaHOTca aa opbxM w ysi Torxa xonei^B aameft 
xpys6i! Teieaua aasxuS pan cnpamaBaen npo hto a ci Hana 
pasroBapHBaa)... 

SaTBe CoHaqaa y tiosa&eS crapyímui 6iuo se^xeaBaoe... 

Ilpomy uraseaa asanaaTB Meaa sa aro, ucro M^crnoe supa- 
seaié, ho upa^paiB Apyroro CJiOBa kb srofi sasna^ nojiHofi Mea- 
iBZB, CM^MBUTh saíSoTB, HaiieawB H KeHTaBÍt, a HBKaai HO Mory. 
EosBa czapymaa, TeiefiBsa AieacaHApa nerposHa Cyxopyiaa, 6oaa 
^iq^CTBaa, xojoxHaa aroacraa, owhb zarpaa a cetft na yuiy ho 
Baapaa aa BajiiynQra)ea npaMory a (SeffBHcayciBeBHOCTB, xoxoxa^ya) 
HP rpytiooíni. Haaoro a aaiero ae cnocofina oaa 6iua jnotiarB, 
BpoMft xoaen, xoiopHxi, sasB oaasajocB Bnoca^xcrma, et yxaaocB 
caoHBTB nopaxouHft aamnmaei^i. BjaroxitaHie, oaaMHHoe caport- 
Hie n a mnii it, BoeiiiaBajocB efi oopaiiteK), aecB ropo«i snan Coaa) 
I Bci enraia CBoea> otfasaHHOCTBX) oCieriaiB Qyxopy^ai npaHa- 
Toe ea> aa ce(Sa cb xasairB caiiooiBepaBeBieirB (SpeMa. <CaHOi 
ioB He^^D, caiia a»BeT!B lapcRaiti noxaaaieirBy a capory ho 
oeiaBHja», roBopajia xo6|NBa lyma, aax&ifla ee BenaairB ;(o6pom: 
noHomeaBoi oxeauoiiy xyaofty apynofi, ^aeicB a caxapom, xase 
caiBHHiui caiiaaay a Taaaae xacaoirB a xonamneft nrai^efi, aaae- 
sesBoS aacB xepeaeHB. OcxaiMoab Touao noBa&miTBca o sai^apA, 
BO ■ ary safioiy chmi Focdoxb co caoei BftpaoS patfuHa a ae- 
-jvwBMOi xoiBTBeBHBím: óoraiafl homíb^biuí Jlapasa iqKAOCiaBjaxa 
Wk tá paenopaseHie ^BrejieB&, paaoirB ch xpoaaHHirB capaarB, 
iMapoamarB b% wBníb ofimapHaro sanyn^aHaro cbMy ai tom^b 
BOiopsi HBxorxa ae lacrajiea a ae Meiea jQuae n caiiya) 
anoay Jlapaaeaot cjbbh, aorjia orei^ xenepeniHeS Bxa- 
ycepxao sasaMaA^ ciqrcBaBieMi oTiM)Bcxaro BacjrMia 



■'■jj.;- ' Digitized by Google 



24 wmmn MFom. 

vh KMecsvb npeABOjiHTQifl xBopracTBa. ixmvwevB 8Kxrb mňrb 
e&OK) Mctofm H BecBMa tpMneayn: b% ea^iuii Hcrt mM ro cco- 
jiítu kb Hem ňoia Caaii, . vb ntopot emiDan yffi6mun aapi^ 
^^mat noBi^ Bjnomsa. Bb eoposaBSTB rojwc%, imBxy khofo- 
utcjieHBOt wnxuo, coemBUBnMi JKapBHeiyi) am^bk)) cy^eeno- 
BaiH en^e ne cobc^itb BEisHBinie hbs yiut erapHnH h empynm, 
soTopue dmn owEiumam aera ne easaro cifuiHaro cotfsiTiii, 
i;o Bcixi ero iiocjiweTBtt. Kan 611 imm hs ůumo^ m koiw 
OAHHMi yrpoiTB íff(jsp^ňmp% Oe^Bsa BomarB bi <{aHK> sa canoraMB, 
soiopiie y aero lan^E qiaMun&> HnoniBa 6iun yasMepm^ h o 
npE^raazi, no6yxHBiiiHxi ero n cauay Jil Gr B o, HBBOM7 "^ ^^^^ 
. eoo6B(HTb. Ob iftss oopi hhioo se ptmhJK^ merks wb btoB 6aH%; 
ee nepeciajn Tomin; jvmmwh eiaii pasBaiHBaŤBCfl; bi Rpanrb 
o6pa80Banc& leu; nycrapB, OBpyaKaM^íft coBdlx« cropoBrB cj^n- 
reieKB, o6poe!B xinirB vyas^paxtúm h Tpasol, rasot bhcoboSh 
rycTott, no ycHBH inipea h Mxuwme ufmoL aOjniHH b vferBH 
mHnoBHHBa sarjBffiBajiH b% osná ci buÓvtuue CTesjíami. Ho Bpeiifl 
tfpajo CBoe, H jeAOBoiqíft jrsaeB, ozBaTBBaBoiitt Boo6pa«eHie npH 
OXBOifB BocQOMBHaHiH cípamHott xpuri, pasHrpasmetcfl TpHxi^aTB 
jAth Toxy HaaavB vh nosHnymt Oani, ea^iaji nodBne&HO iiepe- 
xoAiTB Bi 6ojrite eHOCBoe vyBerBo; najo xoro, ooiyBtadiacB bsbíct- 
Hai AOJB EftCjasExenifl rb sgrrBoi xp<Mra» npoiltraBniel no obhh% 
dymaieMi, Bor^a xpeBHu crapymBa ^Bsa, (íiiBmaa ropsB^iHafl 
6apHHB, HjíK cnqm^ Ilomsii^i npvHEMajifli^ pascBasiiBaTB, vh 
BasoiTB HBciynieffiB Oexusa racBoran rb to oaMaisoe yípo ero 
<ÍafiE, Basi y Hero rrasa BUjrimiB bbo j[(Sa otb irrpaxa b bojiocu 
Ha rojOBi ciau jíjíůomb, nama ÓJiarairB HarovB ovb saoparB 
Ha BecB XBopi o npxBjnoHHBBieHCB... savB noTOHi Haierfcjia DOJs- 
qpui, Ban HeciacTraro Hjnonny npeaue, H'farB noxopo&BTB, nor- 
pomHJH n Tony BOxoÓHoe. ^to me sacaeiea Mfi {^asraeTHiecBOt ero- 
pOHu Bioro anaaoKa, a HveHHO «BBjeHÍfl> sap^^Bmaroca VUmmxsí 
xiiťB B8i ero poKHiefl, aonopuzi wsbbo Aeuo, tbvb hjib Hsaw, sa- 
DexospBTB bo Bpa^AftRB Hexy npH ero sbshb h c^HraTB bbhobhh- 
BaMH ero eneptn, w pasosaBit oCřB mr^ BBieBiflXi DOJOSHrejrBHO 

XBBUUH BaSOt-TO TaBBCTBeSHOft BpeMeVBD. HrB HOBT(^tfJIH H CJiy- 

iBau CB yxoBoncniem ne tojibw empHBV, soropBMi idpB rtseft 
cx^axci BacioiBBO ({jBaoBi, 9vo Ha^Bsan yme oY^aeiH sairib- 
HifB BiTB A^McmvejiBHOCTB, HO lasse H MOJOABe, H fjbm. Bopo* 
leiTBy HoxHBaTB CTiqM>ft (teoft Bi^ Hou^ 8e iiepeBpecTWB H He 
'^muDOi^BniHCB on oaTaHH, f,o cmvh oops cniajocB ho 6e80fliae- 
BBun; ňpofMT^ se, 6en ocoteanoi &axo6eócT0, no loft ^aeni 
caxa, xuse a xnem. oHBrane smm flEaxoxHra Beyxo6HHirB. Mo- 



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m wmmaĚUOĚ x^tctbí. 25 

IBIS 6&n^ noaMiíy MOJbffQe Minn ci xAbkuh v saftepajncb CDxa 
m Tttwrfc pMAB^pOK, Kmpfle ODBTBBe iDXi es noKOffB Btea 
Mnwn oQaanaa h n nemet etenero npexocyxnenHEim? 

Ho vbn MMt nftm, saropM ooBpeiieHtirB oe cxijnuacB tfu 
inril, B ÚjiffemnKBxcaan AaxpeeBm, yraan ^epen cbok> cy- 
lyyiy MapNo nerpasy (npinenBaiQr miB^ HABa IlaHBpaneBHii) 
o fOHanraeeBix& rendo^ons, vpoweioimmfsrh nox^ dtrnnn Hjmm-^ 
ma npsapata, nocrtniHjn xojfosRb o i<»rB (ftpsmi^. CUy^H^ 
joo TftVB, no K wt% BBe XM& n roenoarib JlapiiBOt sanrn 
Ojfzopyna, spino on Bmepna^ m lavajut pacnpocrpaHaTMď o 
mmn MxcfBmmn oomaraia. Hiaorxa onie m ůan raatan 
ssBorra Mipcma safioraicH Rasi m TonxeHB, npoero xo or^ara- 



Xon pyn m cete HauaxBMt^ lavB n ry ase nopy! 

— XoBiDoauHro aam! DMn, roBopan, yoA pyn ir&no- 
ttdl aasBBVBl vjbeaqi; x^MxBao, roBOpan, a BaciB Xitpom xep- 
saia. A rxft lairii ero wum Bron pym? Blx^ Tose csojiomB 
aaxo, y CianwfaejeBS Bimpocvr^*.. aona xaxyn, a lorxa h vítl... 
Ha xann^TO ■ (Soranra a ti cByaaTCa... J^óexaiCB Bymaxa 
FiaxKOBa, isffUB nu ci aei rb MyaccBolt MOHacrapi no GeprM 
BMami BOMBHBB cnpaBjunrB, fo^b Mayjio 110 cxoanjicff... H 
nam se Taa%, va imiacnipi^Tol To*ecta a Bam xomsy, ysrs 
ae SHax) npaBO rjrb eo^e xaai noRyrB, b% paa> pasift, y npecrojia 
BemnoBanaj.. PanyBcraoBajacL nes Mapu HerpoBnat Ran sa- 
rfxfta Bftvayi> nasais, o seia rponyaaeB, sa^axa roioadl o 
■aHj aoaonnMa xa npavannan-. poBOťb, no tBoa aoposat 
ChoipK> 9Tia a m aee, a y canoS an rojioBH Boe ion i^bjnBo- 
BBfl ae Buxoxan, soropst Hans ch OosraoB aaxo aenpeiiteBO 
B» ůjMjmfi^. ntfjíjA mtmeŘ apoaonaBaqJI orxarB, note aa yjiaiQr 
BB aBToaaja, b Kjuům eeGfc ae nospocan aa afon pyab y Boeft 
a a oB aí m Ó^yriniHOi? Rb cjiesarB xa vh pBxaaíaxiy y nea, aoxa, 
mš, mptffsfi^fo nMfh pasiiaaao, fio ae saxoven ^ejioBiaa vh 
BBHiii oetaBjan. H apainyinua a a% aet:— tu aon, roBopa>, o 
vamtítBinn cynpyri-io ydaaaoiBLea, a nefte x^^pnn xiaoaik ero 
xa #IXBOBy ^oxoaftay b& ayaixi dobovb, storo bs Te6i 
rmůpi^ DoBflM OBB ma bob eiosai xa ae coadkBi. H 
pana t«<$6 BOBoo, norpoaBa, roaopan, ^m aory, apyooft raai 
aB» mytEůŘf apaaaa^ ovByerarB, apanra saarpa MapeBUfly 
i fi f mpfMMi L aaayiia aptaooraoi x^hxol, noxapeaMft el apecr- 
■Mik «Qo»a nepava «episx>; qraiBerBO aro 6um patfo, rayDO, 
» tfraMMenBocM^ eaafe) lefMateii^ a <fe80VBÍfeTBeBB0CTa flano- 
BMua eaopte BBB)iBoe aMBorsoe^ vftB% aeioBtea). Epyooft, ro- 



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26 BtcraiB& uFeai* 

Bopio, sa BMptspy me wounna^ is^bb, ei Ha teaapi MMit- 
jiaoro iTO Ti»r rpuHH nyxhj a bob& cb memi xottita pym i(fti- 
BOBBÉ TpeÓyen. Easi m opo to xjMMmhj jqfumi xpHcriaBCMi? 
ya»> lyn Kan ciijty^n BHHBia ■ ceiian orsan mbí: — th 
Meu n sry eropoHy h se nnrai rsphj POBopan^ a xoma i 
ÓorariUtatol cjiny, axfiaao, junnann xenen y nesa Htn u 
rpoma, sasaiHaa aosUlia m ciery a npa caoem aribert... Bon 
a SHBH tyn aaai BoaemB. 

Cympy^aa rjiytSoao BsxoxHyia a oioma bi Qsaxaaía orainu 
rocnoaut AaptHa o0%itHjia el, ito h cea Toase xeaen ae 
Moaeis efi xai^, a aon, ecn zoMoa n crapoi 49aA nocennei) 
MHJiocTB npocam. 

JífiíM OTO npexiosenie, no^neHaaa noMŠntaita, no acel ai* 
poflTHocia, pase^BTHBaja aa ocaan, bo paaewn aiorE oaaaaica 
aea^Hi. GyxopyHaa m oraasajacE on asaprapH wb nieracE, 
nocftipaMHxi^ HjioniaaBoft rtHBa>, oaa toabo aaiiATua, iro a» 
6wb Tofi ooju craajB a neuai roBopan, odBaxaiacs, 

— Bce 9T0 a Te(tt enpaBjH)) — otiMBan xoealaa. 

— A copaBamB, Tan a eaaca th Xpacroa,— orašiaia 6yxy- 
ntaa aBaprapaHraa. 

Ho r-sa Jhpaaa 6h m ocotfa noxoapaiedifcHaa, a lasoe Óaeipoe 
corjiacid HOMHOSBO oeaxaiBJO ee.~E[xa>niaa ae (SoaaiBca? — aqpo- 
CBja oaa nosonass Hemoro. 

— ?ero ero ÓoaTbca? Bdb nM% ůjffiml S, no Hem iiaaa* 
XBjtay oicjyaiy. 3a aero, noxa, lai, naaio a i(ía ne nepeq^- 
craix CB rhTb nopi, a«n ob% noaqi^, Bon on a nommeu- 
Baercfl} HanoMaaaerB o ce<^..» He aecoM rase b% CMOjrib^io 
Baofen, xoTb Bony xoaesxaa. 

Ona roBopBM aio laBaicb lonrai, larb (fyxro cam Tam 
ÓfiiJia a co(íciMffaiiMa maaiiB aaxd^a, aam HjBHnaa n cmoA 
Banán. 

— Hy, B vxecao, nopeteaaS cti Boroiii! Ji;aBBO n^Mt aion 
nycsiii^ Baoeaan, oo adkrB cropOBB mA auuyK)ioa, hto napoa 
es x&Baaiai laia (teaodpaaHHfan aaiaia. 

^^jareieai Boe*BaBs copaBaja. Oyxopyiaa caaa sa pa6o«nia 
BpacMaTpBBajai noempaa ax^b o0ÍBtaHiava bcx> vamb sa annn 
Bwy MauTfcca a BueraBan nn Baapo boxkb, aorxa Koavyn. 
Baaroxapa omn o($iiaariavB a oeodaaBO noarkxaeiiy, xi^io waar 
jAmú; MBaocntBoe npexxojieBie r-u Jlapnot nociixwajo noeai 
Poacxecraa, a nepeA'^ xaciaaaqett Oonaua npaMsau a% nun 
n BBBteriem, no aa aepaoi SGvfcii nocta oaa oepetepytca aa 
HOBoceaM. Oaa aca daxa on aocropra. 



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Kdi BOOfiosnAml xmgtbí. 37 

— y Meefl 6ywn cbm lOMBaTt, cb oxboiii>!.. IIoxb osHom 
piéraa poeien, Óownymti laiM!.. Bh jiio6sTe paiívHy? A 
opiOb BUi wdu>... San Micoien xopomienso, aa xBaTin 
ee ]fopwqei», nyxp me^ nycHol E um% npueoj, wn yBx- 
fm^ — msvnn oaa^ xjoflcb n mhi twao pwociM>. 

— A iTo 7 leik n MHHirtib ÓjiifiTh? — jjo<$0iiiiTcrBOBajH 
cecipH. — Kasaa y lefii ipoBiSM, mu y Ha», a MHiBtouiMB? 

— BpMtn y MeBa ■ n suoxl Bini lui c% TeceHMofi sa 
BiAioíšyiioeiueirb Ba naň, xa ■ ^ma, HyxtCBo! j[(a i nicta 
Hin AM ^KHMtTp, BOifuraa^y koh ion saui. 

Ou yxaiaia sa i^oerpaacTBo BannHoi ch Bam uacesiitt 
CTon* 

— OKomeiso jfajensoei Bcei*o toum apniras učen nofi- 
MB%, wo6% 9$BnAůmh em, a enipua^ O^m^tb onom^l y iieHfl 
djMprh pa({oHÍft oron, X^^ CTyj», leco etue? IleHypowa Taaaa 
ecr^ lyxa Moano aipsauqe iioc»Ba?ii» xa nonajiy.- saiioft-To 
piCEaani mseiBO; ny, a liroirb BHiero.^ Becaoit^ aas^L 3aABÍ- 
lyn CKpeHH, xa manraHan, aasi sansyrL ofaa dtatch, i>al 
6yxen y xem n soMMvftl 

Osa (kua Tan paaoerHO aacrpoenai ^to safisja xase o ne- 
yiaii, oacunnefl ee aa xun » lomBevopcuM^ ceaperapeirB. 
floBasiiBan CoBsiiy 9fOKy paatepuMmy rocaoxBBy b% nox- 
^« Bafix:6, n nMydontb rjaece, cb iiBftfioicB bi^ Bojocazi, 
duum^Mweh B» lyiya^ Bocy^ mflpoBo paaioseBflyi> acn^yi^ boboS 
ifefcBBB, BoyoepxcroQBaxB xa«e xofipiia syMyiasB noM^UĚEwn 
ea B (Sen loro cjtmmKowh spac^BB a^esB b BaeypMBTB ^yrb- 
9yn 6p(^, HBHero b€ BOMorJO« He noapMBiaoB Cobb^bb sob- 
cflcxopcBOMy ceaperap^y owh aameji, ^ro oaa bb bi^ tíjí. 

— Ysi BB aBBB), BpaBBi HefB eny eoie umo, — ^sajoaajiacB 
4Ha wdb Boopj^ BBCii GMOTpBm; — tfooy, m^ jb, copoBOByi)? Bobi^, 
#eHBBBa BftnBfla, qrxa uraa TOBune, apoeio Bsxpa Buxpofi, a 
^éfk^ BBiBja cyiLeBaro, bb oonyBiaiBn eio.*, Hin yi», a bbxbo 
BB OMúwh MÍbA Taaaj Bee^acTBaa ypoxBJía^^iipoxoxsaia oaa 
B^axBBo oaycBaB rojOBy. — Tanepe^a lereaBsa x^i nefla sBap- 
m&Baro BMcaaTpHBaerL, Toro caaoro, y BOioparo seaa npom- 
tmt% jňmwh xojepofi noaepjia.*. Ho tojibbo b tbbi xyHafo, ^to 
Wk 9t0T0 TOBie BB^ero ae Biiixen... HaaexBBCb obi roBopajrb 
Mtftíb BaaBOBBi Xbbbobbkí, no aeBBTBca xo^en, B0it>My 9to 
flhdrtntfx Mvy Btob*.. Tpoe mx% j šero, mb^bur^ xa xaft 

I, liaaB^iBVYO ym% dójBBieflBBit, xpaiya^, roBopirB... Te* 
HfMMpan: rji^ aie Go^^ft ei bbxb cbp»bbibcb? JlfMao mb 
na ^peŮiLTh Bsnua? A Map*B HBaaoBaa Bawja erB xbb* 



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26 BMtam MSMOL. 

jnrrb, RttjmtJiBHATo-To: xopootit, vwúpvn, vMOBtrn^ creneflHutt 
H AOxoxK (Somnie^ ceBnn, Kan aieHBití, sa hha seoQ KaveH- 
H&t AOMi RyoHn... Ha cedi^^ro esy ffe^iBsa HEvero wnBCiiMnY 
u xoMOBi, Rff BMtHífi, HB^aiBCTBo, ^TTo jiB^ npeiuTCTByen, yan 

He 8HaK) TBMS... EPO OXBBITB BŤHlťE X^MOIIl, MapM HBaHOBtt 

roBopBTB, saBcerxa mokro bs pytasL xep«afE. 

Ha en jiHTOBo, Tasoe osibmekoo i (SeBsaCorao seceioe, Korxa 
OHa roBopEiia o CBoefi KOMHarft ei patiflHoB hojte onom, naje- 
i4ja xa xiHb oeatfowHBOCTB^ soTopai Boerxa HOHBi&jaoB na HeMs^ 
Borxa ona aacaiacE vaaoro cep&CsHaro upexitera, sass BOspocfB o 
«iipHCTpoficTB%>. To«o petieBOffi, KOTOpoi^ Bo ^em peBpeai9H 
HanokflHajiB o HeBuyqeHHOiix en^e ypoRi. 

— XopoBriS) rraopBn, ^ejnMrtsi, ho ťobíko iiBen iiir6so* 

— GoHBua, v^Ah 810 ořpamHO ch nuamwy^to^ ^^ Baiiiiiaia 
a xposan^BicB Wb BOJineHii rojoeoiťB* 

Ji TBB^B SiBO CO^yBCTBOBaia IfOett npiBTOJIBHBq:!, KM,% ÓJKtO 

MOHA caMOK) otxaxm suíyss 8a Buiaro BBaprajiiB&apo ce xpar 

lyHOMl CHHHinifi08« 

— HŠTx, HTO se, npHBEiBHyiB MoatflKi. Apyrie itpBfBBBaB>r& 
se? n BTO se HHH^e He n&en? He hbxo tojimo nepe%HTE, xorxa 
offE fle v% CBeeiTE mji/b^ obh bto ^ksarE h ysfE hoioke sa to 
xoTE BepeBSH h8% Hero Bet, Taaoi xinerea aiRpHiiS, — ooinopaja 
ona a^pHsniy caHmaHHiie on tenH, ote csaxi, on aaiiys&trE 
BoxpyrE, oxHBin ejowirE on wAx% HtxuEHOBHX&BXE xódpoae- 
latejiEHfli^i, saHBTepecoBaaHiirE ravE hjih H&a^e wh xom, ^to(Sb 
esop^e ee npierpoHTE. 

H óessatfoTHO 'rpflXflyB'E rojioBOft, ona cHOBa saroBOpaia npo 
CBOK) ÚjjijmyiĚO lOMHaTBy. 

Ofe BTOff BonranA oaa jnevraja BCJiyrE rass cáaxao, ^o ao 
mbí BapoxHJoeE Hrapeoxojmtoe seMHie yaHxan ee. Ho sejiane 
9T0 6&10 xo TaBOi creneBH fleyxo6ofleKOja»fO, hto aorxa oho b% 
oxBHi npeapacHBl xobe ocyn^acvBuoeE, a xojro He Moraa hpbxth 
n ce0fl on aocropra. 



BfiJia TpoHita. B^e r1a% irtenocnm, v/íb een Becna, npaax* 
HHttE 8Ton MOKffo ciT&M miMm HpaaxHHBom Wb apflexBnoB%. 
HoroxA Bcerxa acHaa, lenAa, jr&vo eqe Be HactynM, lo yji^ 
vyBCTByercfl b b% juy^een cojnie«Bax% ly^ieA^ h re apOMaTi m- 
nfin^mni^ capraH b pacHycsaBH^Bxca povE h xaHxnmeft, roto- 



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H81 mm^juuvá a^totba. 2^ 

pA ooTpoi, oxypraiett eipyet hocbtca vb aosxyxi, Broprue^ bo 
Bd iiacDe9!fc ofBopeBBHfl oua h ÓaiiBOfomfl ABeps. Gtohoms 
cmn ryn iqpaBAUwiixi smoboiobi, npisuBaioiqpxs BftpoA^ 
n Q^kwš. Ha eoMiKB n^íib hi' BivepBa, hh vyus, na hwso 
WĚffKBBUTh ynqaxi hh oahofo neiawbsaro bih 08a<k)^HHaro 
am, n ow«HI crapol, rpjisioi Tpusa* Bon 6a m laxoft Aon 
flOCHorp^TB Ba CioBB^vw]^ X4Mfm, xy^aja ji, npoissaji hsmo 
saíepa, OBpysauiara jtapiHCsift caicb, 

ÓKeiame Hoe bchojbimc^; ih> ombuhíb o&íffiEj maman 
o(iuBBM, im Baxo naiicmrfc efapyiosy Bapaapy ÁHApesey 
npisasaM aywpy ixan vh Mpamn. H^Boe asqo, BcrpiTBBSiee 
Bftd^ Bi xaiBBofi maHOsaTOII npaxoa&eft BKHmHBofi noMiotBipi^ 
(bio oauiBJíeHHoe jsubo xoett ipiflTettHmHt 

Osa 6uML jsMKh-TO ooo^OHHO Mceia ffB tw% jíjmhj B noBa 
juei pacnopiis XBopn n sajy, a rnaB^an onpaBUia CBOfi lya- 
mhy osa ycaija BarMyncs xo iih^ h spomerorarB sa yxo: — A 
y BacE HBfti^iDsa! 

— ?To TU eft Taxoe rraopamB? — copocv^ia MaMama, xoTopaa 
TQpoixb He xoTja cexperoBs. 

— Ji roBopx^, EjiOHa HeioJiaeBBa, ivo y mwh Haxu naxpo- 
Bue 8aipixii,~ooBpatttfe» aaoBESH CoHHwa: — nosBOAhTe uwb m> 

SaB% SafiTHTB nOCMOTptTB? 

— Haxo a Biqmipot AhapobhoS nosAOpOBaxBCJi,— yxjOHqflBO 
onénaja maman, x^jiafl HŠcxojibxo maroBi Ha-Bcrpi^y xosaftBÍ, 
Mopai BHnoisajia vn BHyrpeHHBxs xouBaTi bo Bceifb iia^A'^^ 
n juoBoxi mejKOBOiTb jiM9ínA h b% neuníb Cb Óiauuii aTMc- 
noiB aoBTUtv. 

— 3ApaBCTByfiTe, BapBapa ÁHApoeBHa, botb^ npaiio otl oÍí«b(h 
n Baii!^ uAxajuh — vobopěmíí o^ jiioÓeBHOt yjuteoil maman: — uui^ 
AxBa HBaBOBfia oooteum, hto sairB aoe How^pOBSTca? 

— 7uEp$jDj uhth Moa, eoBe&Mi ynapaiol ^ero vairB aesAC- 
PQBHTei{-*-8aBopwj[a Bs otoÍi^b cxapyxa.— TaK% 6a h fobophjh, a 
^ leQAopwBTcal OiiepTB MOfl, boti ?to! 

Ob tirh nopi, saxi a ee($a noMHua, BapBapa AHj^Bea yMB* 
paia; ne BHaio, xorAa BMesHO HacTHrjia ee, HasoHeiti^ CMepTB, bo 
4nb BJiTB Tony BaBdAi, do CBXA^TejBCTBy oiobhaaobi, ona 6iijia 
e^e juBa. 
'.Dpooui Baxy cb BemuiEBMUM sepsasaMH wb npoer^Hxaxi h 
psA^VH cryjBeBi b% mpeuessy ch aoM(5epH£iiin cro- 
criffb & oxoB%, MXBOBaiH nepByio rocTBHyio, xpacHyxv 
WKfppOj QoiieHBmey rojyóyio, h npoHHBXH, HaxoHosi^, bs 
}niqn%.rj|i i^oerajiBcii. Tyn BapBapa AsApoBm onyciBiiacB* 



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30 BMFHin UfUUll. 

Ha MjBmatŘ wwm psMJowh n mamaiii a nepexo vhoI, oxva offb 
npHSHBaaote r-SH JLapBBoB, bhoom^, xyxaa h • pgůu crapax 
xiBEDta, no HMeHH MapBfl ÁHroHOBHai nocraBHJia mMneBjjo ta* 
pěny Cb jie^eai^aMH vb 6yiiasEax% m cb BHaffBMH aroxam. 6% 
otfflsafiHOcrH MapBH Ahtohwhh bxoxito saiHMan tíxs rociet, 
BOTopiiTB cana xosfllaa He saaHifiJía; Mrxa i on xoa^Bn orsa- 
sajiaeB nojcb tšitb npexiorom, ^to mm% ho dosbojuhotb aymaTs 
ciaxKoe xo o6£xa, ona otfflsafOJiBHO npexioflwm M&ft cmparb 
naptÍK) vb xoitHHo. On oioro pasBMiOHif y mchs ho 6sjo hh- 
Kaaoro tfiaroBHXfiaro npexiora OTBasaTsca, h mh ye^xacs vb cto- 
jHKy, Ha BOTop<WB cvoffjTB flii](iiveBs CB BTott csynoft Hipofl. 

Mesxy maman h xossfiícot saBisajicii otfnaHOBeHHHl pasroBopi^; 
rocnosa Jlapena asaxoBajracB na cboh 6ojfeBH, na tfoByMHim 
cyiucH, BOTopHfl ona Tpaien na xosropOBi h na jfesapcTBa, no 
BpeMeHaiTB npepBBafl cboh pasesasH Bonpocami o zjví^Bi/b na- 
mero oxi^a h o tomi, xy^aovB jni oh^ ^xaiB bi nereptfyprs vb 
HHHŠmHeirB ro^y. Mhí cl xasxoi MHHyroi craHOBHJiocB Bce 
CBy^Hte H cayiffle pasctaBjflTB 046jieHBKu bocto«h h cmaiL na 

HHZl TOpHHfl flMO^BH H fl ÓeSnpeCTaHHO O0Opa«ÍHBajiaCB »& TOt 

XBopBy mh KOTopot xoJSHa ůaM HoaBHTBCfl GoHHqsa. HaxoHei^, 
OHa Bomia h Tyn se y x^epH cBpoKHeHBKO npHdba na ciyjrB, 
Eaai noxo6aerB &bfflOŘ xiBymB*!. 

— A BHxiaa Bamy TereHBKy y oMxbh, — yjnÓHyjiacB efi hbjio*' 
CTHBO maman. 

— ^a ys'b, HH oxHofi cjiyA6ii ho nponycTHTB h BCK>xy npo- 
JŠBOTB^ — saMtoiJia co b8xoxom'e BapBapa AHxpeBna, aan 6yxT0 
efi 6ujío ÓOAHO OTE Toro, HTO Gyxopy^aa BCH>xy yiriterB npo- 

JÍ8TB. 

ň TAKh BiipasHrejiBHO CHOTp&ia na moh> npúrrejiBHHiQry tto 
OHa noHfljia moio HÍifyio npocB6y, h sasMypiBi na MrHOBenie ijiasa, 
noBa^a^a roaoBOt; bto sna^nao, ^to naxo etnfi noxosxaTB MHHyTBy. 

— Bam, xynxeiBa, ne yroxno n no sani npotrHCB hjih Ha 
KHTaficBOMi ÓHJiBflpxt noHTpaTB?— npex^osHJia mhI MapBfl Ahto- 
HOBHa, sani^as, cb BaBHM'B HexoBOJBHiiirB bhxomi sl pascraBJíflH) 

MOH KOCTflmKH. 

Ho fl o($MBHja, iTo npexno^HiaK) xomhho KHiaflcBOMy tfHJiBJípxy. 
Bo Bctxi ROMHaiarB JlapHHCBaro xoMa 6bso cay^HOi naxjio aa- 
KflifH-TO TpaBam, ne to iaxoHOM%| ne to sopii^efi, Besxib i^ap* 
CTBOBajia MepTBaa TEmoHa h ^HHHufi nop^xon, ho hhfx^ OTcyr- 

CTBÍe SH3HH H MOJIOXOCTH Vh BTOITB XOlft He OHQm^ajlOCB TaVB 

tocuhbo KaiTB vh duij ryjBOfi h x^hhhoB, CBjiK)crpofi h sanxe- 

MtiŮp^MMy SaBepnyTHHH BI BHCeK), TOTOO B^ caBaHH. 



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18% MClOHHÁIlt X^TOŤBi. Si 

noBrpan enie maaijvh xecm, HasoHeipfc, CioHHiiKa csanuacb 
Uf^k Monn HeieprtHfeia h pimiuaň bosbucstb tojoci. 

— EaeBa HnoneBHA, lumaiBfe EaTRH^sA co mho! do ca^r 

Ofla BHtfpua caifjrH) yxodeyi) umyty ax8 eioro Bonpoca, sorxa 
B^mpa AHAperaa saseia p6u o nocMŠfMtwh cBaHxait) ciyiHB- 
neics Bs roppiic&. Giaman sion eonpoBosxaJca TasiMH caaó- 
ptaHMB iioxiM)6HociiifH, 910 xaMam n^M cb tfesnoKoScTBOirB 
onpaiBca vb mod ciopoHy. 

— GiynaĚre,— o<$UBua osa. 

Sl Bciowa BB^-sa ciojuum, Bsaia CosH^sy sa pyiy, h mu 

BBBUH XOBOďBHO IIHHO JĚffk BOMSaTB, BO OVyTllMUlICB Vh TeMHOm 

BoppHA<q[»i, noxpyra xoi ycaopua man. 

— Gaop^, ciopfte,~FOBopHM osa, Tao^a moha sa co(k>t: — 
emfi Bepayn, wro xo6paio! 

Msi 6em ovjíwa npoimjiacfc nepen Ůjijf&tHjnj x&bkhud h 
(Ftfauach Bi cfinitan, em BoropnxB xpiuieno buxovijo na ne- 
iSaiunot XBopB. Hn btoto XBopa mu xpafiaftinHM'E nyroMi, aa- 
mn-io saxBOpKaMM, w oropoxaMH xocrHm (fonmoFO craparo 
owa, ooBcfaTL BanyuteBsaro. Bc6x<9oauu sapociH rycroS, bkco- 
ni ipaBOft, cpexH ajuel nonaxaxBCB xoboaho (fomnie aycTH. 
Ho CoHnxa onen jobxo npofiipajacB no eie saMiTHHtfB ipo- 
nsiaMi, ona lavb xopomo BHajia bc6 BX$biHÍe jvjlu m BaaoyjnH! 
He xapoMi HasHBaia OHa aiorB caAi csoumó; jwh^ bohouo, hhsto 
m TaKB MHoro ne noJiBOBaxcfl, xan ona. 

— BoTB H Hann xommitb! — yBasajra osa aa spiimy, BBrjifl- 
XBBaBmyx) H»-8a crapofi rpyniH, KOiopaa bo^rh chjodib, touo 
laeaa, nospiiBaia ee cbohmh yBiOBaTmiH BtrsaMH bi boihomb 
ipfay. nhmoBHm, ydbaHHHtt apso saiiHMH h qpacHHMH 6ap- 

]](B&TaMH, . woffock lyTB lan ryciio, ixo npoxnpaTBCfl 
aero B& ncefiupM;B bobomi naaTBft óbao xobosbo Heyxo6flo. 

— npo&xewB onyxa^ .mm% toso i^em, bo toaso- se Taxie 
wamBy Bce ÓoiEine wpeMyxa a^ pflfiBBa, — aecejio Óoitaja Co- 
onsa, oratea aombbs h bwuw s^ HOMy es xpyrot cropoBii. 
TbiBuoi Moei H^brB b oaa xojro se DpHxerB cerojQUí, o6xoxi 
CHi xkiaen; b% bimuwbbb^e^to bo6 rocBOxa xo6pii6| bo-otb aa* 
iqI Bopoxi BcasoS bca^bhii BaTanurrB! 

Obr 00 cmíxom^e pascraBEja pysa, hto6h noBasatB, aasoe 
■— crrao nox^pxoBi sparan^Trb ceroxaa Cyxopy^aa xomoS. 

.«— Mboto bvb Tenjoft oxesB xaxT>^— ^^Kapa^ Ba mšioboo, 
ji ipt ■atiio CMOTpftTB romBO, a saM^Bro b BapyayL. TamytiBa, 
«i B JMU 9fMj BOCBia, BOMBBT^ Oba MV& Bi npoqiJOMi Foxy 



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32 nomn^nraHL 

Aocraiae^ xoae ,n TiiMiife wbbbsml npwDM n nompieS- 
ciepmi, A y HM snimi Ben^E uisoxaviMnn na XBopi^ ^raote 
B% cysxyu jMmwn^ wsembj» h Haic&sua ary mytiiy^ abŘj jíj- 
MaerB, w^fl CofffhSL Bunpomy, h BsinpocA^a, ShhoS, jui6o oceHU^^ 
Hi 8a iTO se AMH 6H9— *Kpa6aBMa ^ea. 

MiinoxxoAEiH Klk BpHuiQr H66aiunoro ^reosa ketpkchdul 

— HBaHymsa! ~ sasf n^ajia moa aymqa, pasxBBrai vboK 
nefexh (upsoarb hs^ 9i»x» oboh% -s aarjiixuBai ray7pi».— HBaayiBia! 
noBTopHJia ona. 

OTB^ra He 6uao. 

— Hy, lipHO aa ntaseitKb jMtem^ cípaerB saKm jmónn! 
noiosxBTe xyn MHHyrouyy.a ero eefi^arb spesexy. 

— Jífi, owbj Mosen 6htii, eoBdbm ymeaii— sanšiua a. 
6iu% flpxifi, coiBMfiiift x^K^ niB^Bfl spyroM:&'ii6iH, ipiiH 

i](B%aH, HO HaninxHHa aereHxa mhí óujul xastosa k ociaBanea 
Tyn oxHoS HH^ HOBasajioeft xoBonaa OByrsa 

— Kyxa eny yfixH,— 6e8ea6oTHoycirbxHyiaeb(3oHK«a: — A]^ 
on y Ha» Twepb siuien..* bh ororo ae roBopHie HHioMy, 110* 
saiyficra, — caoxBaTH jacB oaa, — Boase coxpaHH, wĚmm Kan*HHfiyxi» 
xo mmeá padCAaČámmů, b» speieBsiio aioiiiicfl^ sa^im ^aoro 
HeMOiňssL oycniiH, He OHpocHBmHG&... A Kuot ohi tojobík^ zsasb 
eesB H)poxHB&fil 

— Owh M cmín y Bací?— jiioÓoniiTcrBOBajía a. 

— KoHeuo, CHiTB. Bi^ ctHJBtaxi... A no? 

— A Barb se, rraopatB, ^to m% Ha BiaA6HH|&?*. 

— Héryl Ha tMffitaaíb-fO Toro a ruxa iieprB^'^ vwh mg- 
rHjHi BHJÍsen, xa sa both... 

Ofla He xproBopHJia: mn j^msoaiL pagxuca crpyHHutt asBop^^b^ 
8a HHM^xpyroi, a saaAwh Boa cmojouo, bo He aaxojiroi, h cbísíé, 
BBymift rojoeb saiAn Kaayio-TO ntono. Motike 6uxb ommh 
CTpaHHiift, HaaBHHft H HteHiifi. Bnpoiem, y memi wb nanncK 
ocra^aob He croiuo oicHa BlBanyniBa, csoubo meiariŠHie, bo- 
Topoe ona npoflaBOXHJia aa hod npíflieiuiB^y: CíoHHiBa mmh m 
saiiepaa na yAcA h xotíxi uňpb cxoaaa ironaxBHaaO} noaa hík* 
Hie H6 CMOJUO, Torxa ona exBaraxa wao pyay a Bp&nao csaia ee. 

— ^TO, xopomo?— npomeottja oea aaxnzaiontHiica on aoji- 
HeHÍa rojocoMi. 

. TJÍfiiMM ea nuiaiHy na rjaiax!b CBepsara cjiesu. HaaorxaeQte 
He BHXHBaja a ee laBoft. 

B4^)oaxHO, HByMJeHíe ifoe o«h& naarao oipStoJoc^ bi Moem 
mvjof^j ooTOiqr vro ona CMyiuacb HenHcmao a aaiaja yraparB 

SBSÍft 10H1iHB01í% SOCHHBHi IRIBHBymi Ha ez nTCHH. 



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Mik BCmOKraiHli XWCTBÁ. 33 

— Bon, flBcerxftTasB, BorxaoH% noen,— Ha^ajiaoHA onpaB* 
jpntaiBca: — npocro ciuinaTb ne nory paBHOxjmiHo, nm h xBaTaen 
sa ujmjl A WTf» ^[ixiepeScBie íAwm noioTi, mhí Bce pasHO, 
GM») ce6^ AepeBflmKOft, to^ho cobcím^b 6e8!B xyi™*- B(yrh owb 
(umhj M umo joDÓwuyvň GxymBĚxe^ lum xopomo! 

EBaHymaa sairi^ xpyryit) ntcHH). Bnpoieirb, bk^ho nteneft-TO, 
trb OH!L nin, Heusa ^hjio HasBarB, oro Óhjut BaHTsi Basie-To, 
aa eioBa h» eBanreúi. BiiocjiAackbíh a yseaia, hto Hysinca (Siuta 
ero eonHfflia b ^io owb (Mth noxo6iMurb ke net cjiOBa. 

fl noxaiacB HexHoro BnepexB, utoóu BaruHyrB vh obho... 
jiciui sameiecTHJH, an hhsb BunopxHyjia óojiKmaa crpeBOBa c^ 
Bpospa^HSMB paBH(MqBftT0infH BinuÉnoBaMH, H irbaie BnesanHO 
npeBpanuocB^ 

— Bh CMy noiiiniajifl,~nporoBopHja ci xocaxofi Com, — ^^le- 
m^h ORB xo T^xi nop!B se craHerB uštb, nosa ci Biuni coBciiťB 
nqKKTBOHe iMMaaBOMBTea. 

3io coBepmKiocB o^bhb csopo. 

— HBaHýniBa, botb crapoma dapinnaa BoaorxHHux^L, npo 
mmfpsa% m y neu nocioaraK) padcapaniHBaeiiiB. 

TaBHia ciomiiH CoHmsa oipeBOMeHxoBajia Měna crpaHnoiiy 
epofiCiByi BOTopoe, opa aameiTB noasjíemH, saÓuocB vb jpojtl 
wčMjíj ctíhoI h nMBofi H BHruxHBUO OTxyxa po^BHiTB, Hcny- 
nasBKh BsríflxoiťB. Okb Basaica nojose cbohtb ifarB; eiiy na 
WXB MOSHO 6uM0 xaiB jAn meciHaxAaTB, ceMnaffVtTB, He6oúine. 
AiHHHHe, aoiOTBcme bojoch, nospuBaniive ero ysaífl njie^H, 
enycsaiicB naše noaca h, pa8X'6KfiHHe npo6opoirB cpexH j($a, 
i^xaaMw Bcel ero^^OHOMÍH MipaaceHÍe BaBOfi-ro x^^BcrBeHHOCTH 
I vcTom; doMhmie roay6sie riaaa, Borxa vh msrb ne úsulo acnyra, 
onfpiiH rpyerao e saxymBBO, xa h Bootkne BeeB ohi npoHSBo- 
XWB Mzeioe BDeHaTjrfeHie CBoeiD (Si<6xHoeTBK>, (SoxisHeHHOtt xyxo^ 
M H Basol-io paciepflHHoeruo He tojbbo bo Bsrjaxt h vh 
jmÍĚAj HO H RB xBHseeiaxB, a laase vh aasxoiťB ciobí c6hb- 
I, HepftinKreiBHoft pina. 

Poeiy 0H% 6síJĚ% cpexHaro, ho xasajicfl BHme on crpannafo 

BOTOIOltt CCkmNUB HffB OXHOS J^aHIBH, O^eHB XJiHHHOft, 

ttl^poacaHHott BepeBBofi, h h9b aBarroBaTaro xaiaia hsi BeptfjnosBefi 
BojBHie Ha není HH^ero ho Óhjo, hh mansH, hh canoTX. 
Bpwa roxa h BOBcaByx) noroxy oh% xoxhji Úocmum^b 
mjm Henoq[iBToi rojOBOt. 

•C^''Si MBMiOLf ^TO B^ dTOlTB^TO H COCTOBJIO 61*0 OTJIHHie On npO- 

WĚBk Mo pt am s, m cb jiK)<k)niiTci30]rB, ne jameHHHMi asBicTHoft 

Jim T*r-€nTiBP^ 1882. 8 




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84 Menno^ npom. 

nospHTHXi nimK>| Mosamar h ssBmKUE. 

— H caxa reBopauma «xlc^ xo^eoifc aa nee HOCicotpftTB? — 
npoxoucaia Goba. 

Offb (SncrpiiMrb AHstHÍeirB bb^nuk jibqo pyBUiH b nocir&niBO 
noiunajMS HBMWb. 

— Hy, ae bbao? ee xownoy wb^ se buPj — cbAj ncb Cohs. 
— Hapmyfi et xapimny,-*yBaBaiaaBaBa mbbi, — a b ctiteai) btb 
norpeó^, y Haci lam Bflixi ecTB^ TypfBBBBHxa wlbMjn tfamcy 
HaMc^HCb noxapBJía TereBui^ xapamit Mex%, xirmaont... Bor& h 
ÓyjrBBy BapoHBO y JSapBBCBOl moeokbb xu TOfik BHBpB(»Ua. 

Ohb BBByja B8i BajmaHa 6%muř xjitíei(&) imaosBia ero hb 
CTOJii B Bu6^ras saspaHaja mb£: — Bh ero Be Óofliecs, Kotbh^bii, 
OHI Ao6piifi! 

3aBBjeBÍ6 8T0 tffiixo Be jímBBee. He Bsapas bb amiit b b»* 

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fl MajQ-no-Maiy ocmíibima ao ^ro, no iH>xonua bi savý cbbxm 
B ciaja CBorpjbc^ m to, «rrb oh% BSBOxan BapaHAamom hb 
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TO BB 8T0M<B OBI OMBTOO HB(ten CeÓÍ VW* BoBO^ MCh JBCTB 

noBpiuea hmb. 

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miiett syBUBBJTB Tfibrm n yrjy, xa syxa saioteo nanviia vh 
cŠTBTB nayBBi xb no BpeifeHaxrB ^BpBBBerB to Tyn, to mm 
nTH^BB. BjQ>yr&, BapaHxaoTB bbxoxbjtb no 6juBvb 6iiCTpfte, Hbb* 
flyniBa Tpaznyn rojoaoi, CBopaiBn io6:b b cTan orxBXHBaTUB 
Ha MeHB Bce na^e b qa^e. 



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EZ% BQO&OHIHiHlft XtT€TBi. 35 

— Tbm UAtb MfiůpíLsň^eafoam on Bxpynj hhbieo npars* 
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— npomyjn osh sas^ ds upo ceón: — Bt^ropoxHita! 

Bio cpasHenie Moeft maman ci BoropQABi^e& nosa^aiocB uwb 
jtmxao xvBO n ycraxiB npwuiBaro, OAano, sl upoiionaia. 

— ]ip6p9íB Om?--^QM CnpOCBJIl 0H%. 

— ^o6pafl,— OTBi^iajia a MaouiHaibHd. 

— Hyyl— BMOB^pwBO npoHHian HeaByjoiKa. 
Pyia ci^ Bapa^xamoK^ aatiibraiia eiafi tiaoipte. 

— Taicb XH efi csasH... Haasymaa m lepyeanirE xoier^ 
Bxnr, — npoBSBteB Ofl% orysmcTO. A sariícb noAcoiUKib HenHoro^ 
Wh npHÓaBEn: — cMAmemS 

— Gaasy* 

PaaroBopi na btomi h napsaica; (m% ee uparasecK tfoibme 
B eioia* BcBopi nociHmaicfl iiK>pox% h maiecrb pasxBHraéMEirB 
iéTOB!B B pttBjíaiBeb TopeniBBHe mara Moei npiaiejiBHBitGí.-^RaTái! 
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caxBita Wh iQxacByl 

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DO ŮOMbmiA aaxei, jteKyufii kb HapaxaoMy BpHni^^ y xoK^aro 
eroua Hama ROJiacsa. 

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sací HarHaxB. Ohi xepsajii BapiBHsy, napacoBaHnyH) fb mobitb 
opacyrcTBÍH, b coBajTB MH^b ee vh pysB npBroBapHBaa: — Bon Te6š| 
fiofo He BaÓiiM csasaTB... CaaseniB? CsaseniB?.. 

H CMOJiBHyffB, OH'B TOTOO 0CT0j6eHÍkjrB Ha m4&ct£. Ma CB Co- 
lel ruByjiH wh ly etopony^ syxa ohi ynepca HpHcrajKBHairB 
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amenHOy Momo 61210 aaaKHSoBaTBca* 
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QffB exixoaan sa hbk) xoi^a, bbcb (SašxHHtt, TpacacB 
tftjoxrB H nyrjHBO osHpaacB no cropOHam. He xepasB oaa 
jBpffaiBa^ 0H» aaBipBoe sapsaica 6h h y^aan. Si cb 
'€MOTp&ia Bft maman; kb BemnlmeKy MoeKy yxBB* 

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36 BMTHin nrooB. 

jeBÍK), cnfiEŘ ara ae ctojbro eepxvja ee, csojbio 8ft($aBuaa. Ona 
XAse noxnecjA n rjasaiii jopnen ■ pasrjuxmaja cyn^eerBO, 
BOTopoe BjexjH vb netj ch mn xo foiobHi čl CMUsmn xbo* 

ÓOnSITCTBOMl, TMHO ptXBarO BBftfMí. 

— Bon TBOfl BoropoxBiia,— noBTopsn Cobb^ ocraHAKniBaflCb 
nepej(!b BpHJiBuoifi, b TOJBaa npoxBBaro Bsep^xi. — dio obi becb, 

EjOHE HBKOiaeBBB, tbb^ BBBHBten... 

MaiDan saxiiypBjA 6poBB. — IlepecTMB nynocn roBopsTB, — 
nporoBopBia OBa, se OTBBMafl lopsera on rnn.—lLTO núb ort 
ireBx BysBO? — o6paTBjacB ona %% HBaByflnBÍ xoboibbo mbjioctbbo. 

Owb uojn^uťh, BO sa TO Cobb noeninnuia orsi^fan 8a boto: — 
disa oflimBJí! xase mawh ne Bopoiaercfl! A mo mi ceroxBs ro- 
BopBjíi, vso xoT&iocB 611 BpacaBBiQr-reBepaji»niy noBBxant Bmk- 
Boe xíjo xo Bea ecTb?.. B^ roBopsn? 

Owh Moaia BBBByjn fojioboS, bo OTpiiBaa nůn on Ataman, 
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AojSBo 6eitb, Tasoe oparBBajiuoe iiOBjnmeBie et Bpacorb 
upoBSBOJO Ba maman npiaxBoe BneHauiBÍe; oaa yjntfByjiacB. 

— EoiB BasBoe x^o, Tan nycn npixen lo mrt, — npo* 
roBopBJía OBa, caxacB b% xouciy. 

A Borxa MH xo^xaiB xo Bopon, ona odepsyiacs, BBBByja 
roiOBofi CTOiBoieMy bob sa Tom se Kftcrt ■ bi toI ae nog^^ 
HBaBymBŠ b noBiopBaa, bosbhcbbi rojioa: 

— IIpixoxB, se <k>Sci! 



V. 

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BonBOBUca vb sanieirb xoxft TasBin no^roks, BaBur^ xo sere 
n oxBKfc ÓomiŘ wjOBftn, ne BOBímaa b ABrraymn, BBiorxa se 
noiwoBajeo. 94bn BneaBO ehjuAn on saBoeaan xortpie b pac- 
noioseflie maman, Bon ero sBaen, bo toibbo Maxo*n(Mfaiy xo- 
nuo xo Toroi ^o OBa nojosirenHo oteSncb (fen aero Be xorj*. 
EcxB, Boixa yTpom n cioxoByv)) obb bo nx^a BÍBaBymsy na 
o6mBom iribcrt y obbb (HBxorxa bo caxBJca Ofl% es aaMB sa 
oxBBi croi%, Ban bb yBpaniBBajiB ero), maman cnpaBíHBajia: rx^ 
se OB!b? fl ycnoBOBBajiacB lonso Torxa, xorxa ob% aBiuca. 

Jífimum CBOBMB, Basi bcí xamu Toro apexesB, maman uaio 
saBBxajacB, b BocnraBÍe samé nonB see^lio lesajo sa rysep* 
BaBTian b ryBepBepars, vh Botopmn mi mpexoxBXB on nraen 
B BopHBiBi^i; Haasymay se oaa npBsajaa caMa y^an b rpa- 



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m BOonouHiml Avtcm. 87 

wAj H wn^m. IlepBoe AitBaioc& eiiy aobojibho lyro h, cbojbbo 
wab noMHBTOii, xMBme cuaxoBi ee ABBHyjiocB; ho Bce, qró ks* 

CUOCB UyWMBj OWh JIOHHlfaJIl OieHB ÓHCípO H BCKOpi 0TJH9H0 

BBymca ^HiaTB hoth. BnponeiťB, ohi npeAno^BxaxB HrpsTB no 
eiyzy bju HiinpOBHBHpoBaTB na cspunst uh he 4»opTeiibflHax'B, 
— it6 xu Hero tfuio (SespasjíH^HO, BaauuirB AHcrpyMefiioirB obi 
uax^krB TftKb se lenu), xais ocrgjBHBe jih>ah BjiaAiK)!^ poahuitb 
miBOiTB. naiuTB Ha Meioxia y nero lasi 6Hja pasBHTa, ^to 
aiy cioHjn> pasi ycJuimaTB mothbi, ^to6íi BanoMHHTs ero he* 
Boerxa, a nvbwh nepejosHTB ero na uboB yroxeo tohi h ne- 
pciiTB rojocojrB U0 Ha iK)6oMi BHcrpyiieHTi, Ha^BHaa ^opienba* 
flAMH H soHHaa fiaiaiaSfiofi, eiiy poBHO HBiero ne ctohjo. 

Maman saÓaBUjacB hitb kebi Hrpymsol h sacraBJíflja ero 
bítb h HipaiB no i^imi iacaií!B. HnBorxa ne Bupasaii oe% 
n cjiOBom, Hi BsríflxoMi, ^myciaj'B uh vto OMy Haxošjio, ho 
lorxa ona npHBaBHBau OMy boh^htl h noxSHBajut ero bb ce6%j 
on ToíHO laBse tfeanpeBocjOBHO noBEHOBajica, caxHJCB na esa- 
neeui y ea nora h moiw CMorpijrB na nee, noaa ona BEinni- 
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^^mHi^8CBÍI poManx, CMorp^i xo rbz% nopi, noaa ne npišxyn 
rocTB B ona ne npBBaserB ony exth vh j^nm. Torxa ohi 6e8- 
ponoTHO BCiaBan b yxoxBJí wh xixcByio, rxt ero Bcerxa npHHH- 
MiB paxyniHO. OffB yuin M^Uíih ombuho bmíb bbi crapiin 
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JBBOiinHIie BÍHBH BBB BaCBlBBOB^ JHCTBaMH H BŠTO^BailH BByrpB, 
IBBB HTO BpOMŽ I](BÍTBOBl, nJOTHO T&CHBQ^HXCfl XPy^ B% APyry, 

mnero ne Aaio bhxho, h naBOHe^B pacoBan hbmi cboh BensM^H* 
fliie &io^iBH H Bpecnnui. Mu ne pasi nsTajiflCB yseaTB otb nero 
no-HHtfyxB Hpo ero npomjioe, npo Ty xepeBHX), vb Boxopoft owh 
MĚSh npeMMfif ^u% npnxTB cB>xa) npo ero poxHúxi, ho na bc& 
nnn pascupocH okb orBŠ^arB xoboxbho yBiofi^BBO h Heonpexi* 
jmio, oxHBBO, nam Bee*TaBH yxaiocB ysnarB Boe-aaBii noxpotf* 
Bieni mn eio jbbbhb, no BOiopHiťB mobuo 61110 oocraBwrB cetíib 
MBarie o HpB^Bian, notfyxBBniHZi ero K)poxcTBOBaTB. B^HKaiB wn 
poKHoro eeia noxxaHHJVB ero TOBapHqi, no hmohe flBBMBa, boio- 
ytro KB eB0H> oiepexB •ooBiycTBarB* erapauoBi crpanHBBB. Bi- 
9UH 09» flKHaB)^ BO tfpeiifl rpoBii h Borxa bocb napoxB tfiuma 
ciíMoešy sa xeean Bopcrb on cejia. ^oiia 0(»»BaxHeB oxhh 
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ÉBo Boxyi a Borxa bociih BepHyBmBCB xbbthjibcb bxi, Haa* 
CBB JbmcBdi 6ujm jm% xmobo. ryBOBoxcraoBan iipex- 
AnKBat HaasyniBa noďimoBai^B sa hhitb ho ctoabo 



'^*- - - ' ' Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



88 BscTHiEi nFoim. 

vn (baro^ecrifly eROJBKO mh jíMHÓaumtBMímocaL h oofOMy, hto eiry 
HSBoro B HHwro He 6ujio suko bi ceit. PoKonrs j maoo se 
(Shjio, crapyxa, BOTopaa npupixa ero, ne nimua ke Heny Óojkt 
moS HtoHocTH. Bdk cviiajn ero lypanoifs ■ nr na Kavyn pa- 
tfory HecnocoÓBiiMi; ob'e tmuo h yM^bn, wo irbcHH dAtb, ai^ aa 
0ajiajallBÍ arpan, cpbwth aairanii h cx^n BtB nero Ayxony 
HO BfE crpaBBHHecTBy h H)pox!CTBy HBaHymsa otobb ciopo npBcno- 
cotfBJíefl, H ytf^AHBmHCB, iTO Mosei^B crepisirrB xu Bwa cronao se, 
CBOJiBBO H BcniS xpyroA 6jiaseHBEitt, ovb xftse xo m^ebcnoŘ eie- 
nesn npBcrpacrajiCfl b!b CBoei hoboS npoj^ecehi. Ha nyTH Hm no- 
jDa^ajmcB TOBapHn^B no penecjiy, on Bovopmi ona huynneb 
o6iBCBBTBca BHOCBasaTeiBBO H TeBcraini nn CBan^einaro nBcanur. 
BÍBaBymEa na^an pacnibsaTB bth "lencra, bhouo lan^ ^xecno, 
^To bcš (Jatfia H A'ÍBBH njniBajiH BaB^HX'B, npacjiymvBaicB Kh 
HflHi, XA H iiysuHii npaxoxBJiH vh yMHieaie. GiajH nrB noxa- 
BaxB iiHaocniBK) ne oxHHiťB xjA6ou%j a lasse mšxhhmh rpomaMn, 
s rjiflXH na hxi oÓHasenniifl roiOBsi n (Soena nora, noxa ne motxh 

OTpimHTBCfl OTB MBCJIH, ^0 MOJIHTBa HTB OCO66HHO HpiflTHa Borj. 

Bx'B sasHBajiH vb xoMa, yron^ajB n npECfaBan ai hhii% ci npocB- 
((09 npexcBasaTB ^To-HB6yxB. H h^itb ycepxnie orpm^axn ohh b% 
c^&b xAp*^ npopBi^anÍB, liiii nacroft^HBie vansiiBadia nm ero; 
lasxoe uoBO bzi aciojisoBtiBaaocB tai^ vyxoo n xBtpo, vto 
Bcxopt HiTB H caMHM% CTajio BasaTBCjí, vro B% pi4ax% HTB eei^ 
BaK0t*T0 ocoÓeHBiril cmhcjs, naBtanniit na bhxi CBepfxiecrecneH- 
HOfi cnaofi sa BOJiBHyio CTpaxy n yvepn^BjeBie njoni bo oraBy 
rocnoAHH). 

Dponnea btbiii y<ttsxeHÍeirB B!b oco^ennociB flanaa. B^ 
oxBBi dpeapacsHtt ffiwh nBanymia ne Haflie]'B ero na loft nefr- 
KOBHOt nanepTH, na BOiopoft on Birtcrt npoaoxua Hon, h cs 
rtx'B nopi onn ne Bvx&incB 6onme. HBanymRa etan npoxoi* 
aáaTB cBoe crpaBCTBOBaBíe oxanib h, nepexexa vn ropoxa n ro- 
pox%» B8% cen vh ceMj xo($p8n vh nama spas. 

Bon Bce, iró naii% yxajoes BSBecn m oteBiBBiin h orpn^ 
BBcraxi ýbneŘ namero noBaťo npiaveia; cb nam ons o^enB ne* 
oxoTHo OTBpoBesBHian, HO maxMin ons, Basetca^ n xpyria cboh 
tbíbs OTBpHn, no Bpaftneft uspi, aorxa nu cxHomoirB naxo&- 
xajiH eMy pascupocaMH, ovb ei BaBol-ro erpanabt ycnšmaofi noj^ 
líHniBaTB, npnroBapiBaa:— ona snaen... et HBaBymaa Bce caasajrB, 
a Bani ne caajcerB. 

Ho rto wb není nacB Bcero (haie xnrepeooBaio — aro ero 
nora. BpaTBfl ne xoBOJBCTBOBaxncB oxnmrB pasruxiiMnieirB hobo^ 
jítít n bbbhhobib, nxi noapiaiBaBniKrB, ncB naxo ůuio npnrpo* 



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lál BOCBCOiHIiHli XWCTBi. 39 

wfnesL S!b mopb, vrotiB yÓá^ABTBCJi, ^m) Heasysisa njffb írpaBuvh 
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no aqr BOBce ne óonao, rofas obb Tpeesaercfl b í9b aeii ne^wh 
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tpň ^lyBCTBBiejniBoon, a mmen 6BXh^ owh npBTBopBJícfl, kto ero 
zaaen; bo sasi 6ii Tam hb ()cuo, a f& to BpeMB BCb em ciobb 

I xiiCTBÍfl flOCUB OnieMTOKfc DOJBiimeft (feaCOnaTMBBOCTB. 

OpuWH Bio-TO cnpocBdn y nero: nrb ohi tfyxerB x^aTB, Bep- 
i7Bflifl6& BffB lepycaiLBMa? BonpocB btoti Befon BairB noBaaaiea 
iňsmb juBBhj HBaayfliBa se nojiosBTeABO ero ho nofljuii b, pa- 
tyviercB, ociaBBJi% Óen orofea. • 

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xkneiBBBB noABBOsa B:b non^ Bamero, nBjBPpBMa. A eo6paTB 
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KBUOBeBie VL rpo6y roenoxBD bbxo 61110 npencraBBTb saiorB 
n BBT& 09Ph pyCjet. Manum yxaiocB co6paTB (Sojribe soiobhbh 
8!roi gnniH b xecBni btb zpaBBjBCB y sea, b^l oxboitb bsi no- 

TdSBXl BB^BBOKB 61 IBB^BBepn, BMÍCTÍ CB ^pBJEBBBTOBHlťB ^p- 

MyapoMs B xpynnB xparoii^&BBOciBMB. 

Rb BamevB xoirib 6ujn jrB&peBUi hto ocjb kb (Sy^yn^fi BecB^ 
lesi cyxifa se ooteperca, maman xo^aiBTi ee cbobhb xeBBranB, 
nuTB ysB npmspacTBjacB (má b!b HBaayiBsbl 



VL 

y BHmaa fiHa% dparB xByna^Tpeiífl roxaxB crapme ea. Ta- 
Boro ocrpojHBaro Baceniasa m jífiAyMo Maiaro, bo Bvbcrb cb 
ifaa B vbipeBun ireiOBiBa Tpyxao teio aalTB. Eny ae 6iiio 
cq0 K TpBxqatB jAn^ sama owb yae ^Bycran xoboabo Óoaít 
Bioe Gocioflflie, xoonuraieeca eiiy on oniia, a TenepB b TOMy Birb- 
ÚDy Boitpoe oeiaBBaa eny 6a6yfliaa no xy^oBsony saB^B^aBÍK), 
ipitBia aoaeBOoib 6iitb opoAaBBmrB ci ny&iBiBaFO Topra sa se- 
BiareKB BfOJneasowh kb oiratyHcsift emkm. Hiiteie aro aaioffi-^ 
Wh HanMi vyHefmE^ cairB se xsx^BBBa Oexopi HBBOJiae- 
sja a cen^toBom vh cBoéŘ noxiiocBOBBOlt* Bb BBBapš 
oojy^Bja on aero imeBiio: «BH6pan rb Hp^xBOXATeju; 
oojBBieffB leeiHsun BHasaniem xBopsBciBa, BmopoMy fo- 

GiySflTB 00 Mfipi CBA B CBOCO0BOCnt, BO 60DCB, IHQÓU 8a 

se apanioca BOBjaTBnca JIonyxwBOtt. OxbÍ jraspea 
BroBaa Bajpefa, xa nepex&iBB vh x<Mr6 ctobib 60 Ae Tpax* 




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40 wwomA VNomoL. 

JífywshBUiE Bcjyn mp aroro irtcia^ mámtn npotíisua xo- 
nenTí^ naeBxa npo ceds. Orei^ se, nuiMyvh pasa Tpa-verupe h^b 

CBOefi X^HHHOtt TpjÓKSLf Sairi^THlO^: — HHTepeCHO 8HaTB| ^in OHH 6y- 

xyrs asETBi Korxn y hhx% HHiero ne ocraHercii? 

— WbffiM JlBsa!— Bs^oxHyjia maman, csMWBBafl nicbxo h 
énycME ero rb cbok> paóo^yia BopsaiiRy. 

JlHoa ÓHJia sena x^w* caHiHMeHianBtta dáOHXHHBai x<hb re* 
Hepajia H&ieaRaro npoHCZosxeHix, ($j^xHaro h ^eciHaro. Gaicafl xo-^ 
pomeHBsafl um Aowpefi renepaia, — wAtb hxi í$hio y Hero jie- 
BflTL,— Jliida BimLia saiiysi sa naidbro xixk), soropiifi cjiysnrB 
Tor^a Bi FBapxiH H tfiiJťL lasi FB Hee BiDÓieH^B, MTo BHinicajrB 
efi Bce npHxaHoe mh Ilapuia. Oiei^s Hanu, HHiorxa oooňemBO 
ne Juo6HBinift tfpaia csoeft senu, cran cb aroro apeicesH nwsMXb 
Kh Heny noJUťbSmee npesp^HÍe, ae h maman ne Baxoj^ja bsbe- 
HeHÍfl lasoi nynofi pacTOuieABEOcin; oxHaxo, xorxa ostb opifo* 
auuTB KB HanrB ropoxi, to Bcerw oeiaBaBjíHBajCfl y HacB, — pojqi- 
rejLu HamH oouh 6íi xu cetía otfixofi, eciBÓH owb oocryDíurB 
HHa^e, a j^ui hecb, A^Tefi, nocin^HÚi xhab <$iiuni BCiBHHsiirB npasx* 

HHROH'B. He 6UjíO HH OXBOfi AymH BO BO^TB ffi^ lOTopai, ma!B 

MH HHa^e, He nonojBsoBajaeB 6u n^expocTBi), jacsofi h xoópoxy- 
raieiTB AflAeHBU Oexopa HHBOJiaeBHHa. IIoaBJíeHiH ero, xase h he 
BopoTBoe Bpeicfl, BBOCHiB BaBoe-TO npasxHHVBoe osHBxeHÍe vb namy 
MOHOTOHHyH), CRy^HOBaTyH) xoManiHK)K) oÓcraHOBsy, wb oco6eHHOCTii 
xorxa OHH coBnaxajiH cb orcyrcTBÍeirB naniero otuf^ — saKB fb 
ToiTB AOCTonaMflTHOiffB FD^y. A^Xfl) no otfiiRHOBeHÍH)y RBteaji npaxo 
na HanrB ABOpB fb CBoem xoposHOMi XopHesft BincRofi pa6oTii, 

CB BypBSSHdl RH6BT09R0fi nOBa^H, H8B ROTOpOt BArJHXHBaJO JHIIO 

ero BŠíHaro cnyraHRa h nocioxHHaro HanepcHHRa, RaiiepxHHepa 
jQl^aHHJiRH. noAHHJiacB cyjíaioxa, BnponeirB, yitipranaa, xavB mmkb 
sa OTBisKOHi OTivi RaÓHHen ero m<who 6ujio, Óen Maritmaro 
ciicneHifl, npeixocraBHXB fb pacnopaseaie rocra. 

BecB Ton x^hb maman nosepiBOBaja poxciBonsHirB Hsiifl'* 
híhmi, paBcnpocaiirB o xbMXb h o ceneĚcnA npiisaani n naw* 
Hei^rB zo8aĚcTBeHHHM'B * pacnopAseHÍBiTB no cjy^aio npiiaxft He* 
amanna r o rocni, TanB ^lo 06% HBaHymRi HeRorxa (duo h bchom- 
HHTB. BnpoHeiťB, 9!Coi*B uocjAkbíř m caiTB Ryxa-To HC^arB, saun- 
masi Rai0B0JiB9HRH H 6y6eHHHaH jrazot ipoftRH, noxBaiBBDieft 
8RHnas% xa^eHBRH kb BpiuBiQr samero xoiia. Ho Ha ciixyDOQt 
xeHB, yronvui sa saBrpaRom rocra j^bíthoíI Rasycrott, xotfiiTott He 
<(e» TpyxE y BHaBOnaro DOM^biiHxa sa xp^maTB Bepen otb to* 
poxa, maman vaRB ^acro OBHpaáacB no cropoaairB h thrs pas- 



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m BOonoaHiidl xncTBi. 41 

• 
eiiHHO HomepSHBua pasroBop^^ vro wf,i cnpocHn y 'Hea, Roro 
oia noxanxaen? 

— HflBoro,— OTBftwft mamaii. 

— Ceroxm HBaHymBa cnpaniHBaii: xojn^ y Mfíh jpixeHBsa 
((yxon SHTL? — oftuBm Bjgpyrb, hh cb toto, hh c% eero, Haarb 
Kiaxmift Ópan, Bojoxn. 

^X^, BOHeiHO, saxoT^bioeB shetb, sto dion HesHyiim, Hjore- 
peeymipflca eia onfoxoirb orooxa, h xn bc& ea nepepiiB'& npg- 
mmcb yxoBjeTBopflTL ero ii>6onHTcrBO. Bb sasii*Hi6yxB nark m- 
Hjfn OBI yttflAjTB Béb woňesBoen Hamalo Hosaro ufmeMSí, san 
mB ten mansH zoxBn h Bcer^a, AMse bi cbmsA jntymtt Mopon, 
(Socnoia, h xasB oo6iipaeiefl h^th vph lepycaivm ■ cboaro ma- 
Ban yxajocb aaCpaiB fimerh na 8to nyremecTBÍe. 

— Hy fl TUfh m raanl CBaroma KMofi-HH6yxB, lopoxHBsfi, — 
aaoEbuefl xhx>9 BOzopcMiy ciatiociB cecrpii n «tfosM]rBJODX9]ffB> 
6iua zopoHio Bi»&enia. — Becm, xojubho 6íitb, opoxyBHaa! 

Maman pascepAuacB. — Fíóissez, 'Kbeodore, je vous en prie, 
— OHa yxasajia rjasaiiH na x^ieS. 

A MirtiAy ona iipH(SaBHia dojtie uMtnEWb tosoitb h no-pyc- 
en:-*?TO oro y ledi sa xanepa Bce ncAHEMarb na cm-Izi! HBa- 
Hyma — &kKBa& BpecnMMCKit iiajii^uvB, eiiy nfh MaJOjfacTBa Bon 
BHymHjrB sejame hath kb lepycajHii^B nouoHHTBCfl rpo6y Foe- 
ůwnDTy vo se lyrb npe^ocyffimiraaro ua cirbomoro? Mhš sa- 
serci, ^TO Tam ^yBCTBá CBOpie noon^paTB Ha^o, a ne to, htoÓu... 

— Eai» owb xopomo HrpaeTTB na ^N^pTenBíHasrB, XflAeflBBa! — 
lespE^ajn Mama, SBaa, ifbM% saHmepecoBani Bamero rocni. 

Jl^Kií dojFb oipaciBBi xejouaHi h npocasHBajis Óonmia M,emn 
n coxqisaHie xopa h sa opaecrpi. 

— FopaMO jy^me KafH^^-noxxBaTBJía Hoa luaimaí oecrpa. 

— BoTB mkb) Bipso y Kapja Axamna ÓeperB yposB?— m* 
Bfau!B X8XB9 nociof HHo iEOj(niyiBBaBiiiift naxB BaiiiBii& ciapH^BOii^ 
ymejeiTB, Bax> ero jen perle no ^^HnxoBCBot b^toxí. 

— EbaByma srpaerB ropas^p Jiynnie Kapaa Ax^ucii^a, — 3a- 
iBU% Mama. 

-^ A^«e Jiymie Rapxa AxanBta? 9ro craBOBSTCfl HBrepecHol 
1b mA ero nosasenn^ J0[eu?-*o6panucB ob!b bi cecfpi.— On^Xit 
j Ban laMl ^^emweffB spoiBuca? 

SÉdcTO ocBfaa mamao spaBasaia nirB csopše BO&^aTB sanrB 
ompaBjflTBCi KB BJiaccflyK), a cana, ae aodhbi Bo^e, 
eoojia H ymja b^b vwiemjv). J^bxb nod^AOBan 
■ nMBMTk oÓpasovB pasroBopB 06% UBaBymii npe^mr 
.Bé' wík xpyvoŘ ffin seupoirB, npoxow no BOpBxopy mhmo 



^jV^'>«*'* DigitizedbyGoOQlC 



42 iMnmBlPoiDi. 

9 

rterauHQi, Be^^n^aft na nnmh Bepx%^ AflW ycjuunaji^ sbjw tKpwaoBt^ 
ocraHOBHJicfl H cmwb npHCjymHBaTBCfl. 3to nBaHyma ^^rarasiípo* 
]BajL'B Ha HHcrpyMeHTiy ff>6uT0Wb y snaiOHaro inrcapEsa. 

flftuyiBan xo wmnfi nMiipoBBtaiuBO, xaw mkb yropijniS 
B8(ítean no jtemni^ h o^jtsulcsí oepexx aaimirb iq^iejieii!^ 

— Orsyxa y leóa btotb icotebi? — cnpocus on y nero. 
HsaHyinBa mojm norynu^B rojioBy. 

— !^ OHI caiii BHxyiianL. Ohi Boerxa caiTfc BHxyMH^^ 
saspHH&iH MH xopom* 

JíjafM BiiXBaraj» y nero cspmiBy h npoBUi ■# sefi xpi-w* 
Tupe pasa cmu9som'&, iiHTaKb HasrparB Tomo-vio ciinnaHHoe, 
HO 8T0 ony He yxaiocB h om» nocíAímrh HepexafB HncrpyMOsn 
HBaHymBÍ. — T^^^y MopeocrBt xjme Bcnoft ůuuhMsbI Hy-ia, 
cuarpat vose caMoe^ hto th ceftuci HrpajrB. 

HBaHymKa cf&Hrpui. ' A>Afl xasi sHEHarenHO ero Gjyinai%, ^lo 
xase HaxMyj^icHy a rjasa cx&iajuiCB coBC&mb ironoxBKSHHe. 

7- Fxi TH 8T0 ClHHiai^? — HOBTOpAl^ OfFb €B(A HOpBIlt BO* 

npoci. 

Ho EBaBymia, yDopmecB BsrjiaxoirE b% non, ho npoHttreci 

HH CJlOBa. ^OULHO tfilfB, OHI HOHUa^By ^tO TOBCTaMH 18% CBfllOFO 

nicanifl ch jwhbbooř OexopoMrb HesoMaumirB ne yxo6HO pas- 
roBapBBaTB. 

— JíjBí Hfú oftb y Bac^, H^Mol, ^To-Ji? — ofipanxcs b% nam 

H ne AOSBxaieb oiBÍta^ owb ohstl bbsj^ y nero cspunsy h 
saHrpaxb Ha*Hei xaayiHX) bÁchk), vb pox6 mt^ ^ló oefl«iaei loi&so- 
9X0 BOHun HBaHyBiBa. jDI^aw Hrpaj^B HpeipacHo; B!b ero pysi 
xase xaKofi OTBpaTHxejLBHufi cnnen^ bmtb cmneiBi nseaps, bh- 
BHBan ůepjjofe sa xymy SBysH. IIo uspi loro, lass HBaHynisa 
ero cjyniajrB, ivqo DpoxiBaro osiBjíajroo^ h ocMHHUHsaioeB Bce 
(Soiuue H 6ojuoe, Tiasa sacBepBaiH, na ry6arb ero noflfiuaa 
yjniÓBa. ,3^ toase yjrafiaica. 

— Hy, a 8T0 xopomo?— HporoBopHjrBOfl!By osfmoKiá b% xpy- 
roMy MOTHBy. 

HBaHymBa paxoerHo sasaBan rojianHl. Ohh otjibuo hohh- 
MaiH xpyn xpyra. ^xa Tan xoiro HFpan^ mo mn% wacsjuwrh 
y Hero na ji6y. HasoHei^i^ oh% nuommth capsnaiy la cien, h 
otiiepeB^b oefii ano nocoMim uMKwim%^ OBOiiaHxoBam-^ieiíepB, 
cmft TOy 9Tí> fl Hrpa». 

H nmtíu yxofeie exymaTBy ohi ooycn^ca aa mpBiii nosaB- 
Hniea ciyn. 

HBaHjHiBa saniob. Mh se eqranu utrn es jmu; npe nep* 



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Un BOmiOUHAHlt X^TGTBJL. 48 

um wyEMXhj BUMfAfsmBTh h» rpyw K)poj|HBarOy ww npHnox- 
Hin 6poBH on npiflTHaro HsyMjeHÍfl. Mu !EOse (^h wh Bocroprft 
m fflMM0 on iňmsí Hneyonai, Kb Boropany ycoiljiH jme npi- 
Bomyni, gmhubo cm toto^ ht» TaBoft BasHHi rocnoxvirB b Tas(dl 
sittion B% Hy8HB&, Mseh ftSAesua Oe/wpi HBJKOiaeBBq^B, ywB- 
jieiei ffOJioey HUBero ÓMseHBMo. 

Eorxa TSMWfmsa^ bohvute, ei nnnyry xuiocib ifonaaie. ^- 
j^DBft HOAH&ica c» wécsokj npoinejiei no BOUHsrt^ ({esi^epeMOHHo 
onatnBM Horoi irpymBH, nooaxaBBiijKa eiiy ea iiyrH, h octaHO* 
BBBDracb nepefib lopoABBiufs^ Boropiii b% cicynieBii n^peMBHUoi 
€h Borfl Ha Hory, owh cnpocHJi'& y nero orpHBHCio: 

— Sasas afiaeeifa Hreiiamua Te&b vh raiOBy xypup^yK) 

MBCIB B>pOACTBOBaTB? 

H HO AOSABBinBCB otbítb^ BOiopapo, cyxB no paeiépBHHOMy 
my miootf BeJiias 6eijio b ossabt^, obpb npoxaiacaA%: — Te(A 
Arh fiwmĚOy He 6onme^ spěna eii^e myniM... eexn opaHiiTMai 
sa ie6fly HO tepaB BpeiieBH, tu b^b PosxecrBy fe juotioii^ xopi 
XOBefllb BfeB... fljBmiO A rOBOpB)) B!b xopi!.. MBoro TCHopa ffixe 

B y HtaiMH^eBi uin... 

JÍ^Wí laBi BOOxymeBBJícB, hto Eorb sHaerB xo něco AoroBo- 
pucfl tin, etuMSii ^H> HO npepBajii sa noaycjOBt roHei^by no- 
ciaHBHfi sa HHMi orb maman. 

— Qeffifřb HHBOJiaeBBitb, fiapiiHa npHsaiajiB npocaib Baei vb 
ioeiiHyB>9~o0iBBHjrb bo BcqrcaumaBie usaiwi MoTbBa^ hobb^ 
jHBCb Bi xBepaxi. 

— Xopomo, cBasBBy iio ceB^acb Hxyt-^oTB^biaxb xaxi b CHOBa 
ot^tmcfl wkr HMBymifc: 

-^ GiymaĚ se, mh Bon htó cx&iaeirb; a Bosbiiy lete e& 
eofot.». 

Ho lyrb MH ne BHAOpsaiB— cnmioKb yarb 6i«BfiffímmB0 
paraopiHKajMCb ejMf/km aamero tiMsraaaFp. y Hacb BiipBaici 
rpoMBÍl H eABHo;qrnmHtt npoieorb: 

— Oob B% lepyeajunrb Bxenl — Osb xaxib oÓ^B^ame... — Ma- 
Mawt xia xero AOBbra co6Hpaef&«.. — Ob% nofcmy ((ociBoicb h 6en 

I, nocMorpare na ero Hora! 
-** noaioarpBTe mi ^o Honl-^BfBiaju m wA paaoirb. 
Mil tian, fion Baaen noiaify, yMasAtBUy ^ro xocTaTorao 
aa BBaiyniBBHii hois, itoÍSh erBaBarbca orb BCBBBXb 
daMiiCiaoB» na aro nen, ho ich omH&uMSb. FunyBí 

: VppX)BBaCO> ABW TOJBBO (^[letrnBO fiOHOpHVriCfl H, HH 

mm-n^^uagmmuxsbj o6&aBBA'b^ mo aee bto B^oiopi, hxo crmr^ 



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44 BSGTinrE upooh. 

TOnSO VTb BÚmBBKTh CAJtOMl, 06yTfc RB HOCKK E B^B Cftnori H 

tfyxynb hofe babi »>rE.- 

— , 9to Bi ero rojocy ne OTHOCBieE, a rojioci y nere ncrtíl- 
mŘ TeHopi... H (TB TaBEiTB-To coBpoBEn^eMi xepHyia Te<Sfl se- 
jerBBfl H)poxcTBOBaTB,— npoxoisajrb obi, otfpantaECB bi HBaHymBft: 
— xa BÍAi» )^ro TBBoe npeciynieflie, sa Boropoe Tetfa noB^bcsrs 
ittuo, pai6otHflB& TU 9j(aBÍfi! MflJuioBi y xeÚE bi ropi4(... 

ÁflW> cfloea nepeÓEJifl; oa ototb pan maman ciuia eioua y 
jriteiHBi^iii fl BBajia ero bhh8%. Owb nocoinrao jmen, Bopu csbobb 
8y(Sii:— HipoxcTByerB... Óoceboite no Moposy, cb TasEirB rozocoio, 
dxaBoe 6e8o6pa8ie! 

OffB ocraBEM naci vb csnEOirL HexoyirtBifli bo vh c^acrua 
EBEjiacb DJieMflEHEi^a OyxopyuE. 

— 9to Tyvh y Bací? — cnpocEia ona.— Ay»BX^»HonpEinia, 
xa MaMama nesa BH^sy sa^epsaiE, npEsasan posaBi v& najo^- 
11/0,% pa(aiopOTB..« FoBopETB, BexoprB HflsojiaeBvii sacraBEn Haa- 
BymBy nicsE iištb? 

— Jí^fAE roBopETB, Tto OBS se xojseEi EXTB vh lepycaims... 
?T0 BTO nynocTE... ?to saxo BaserocanorE sax^y Htoí5rh6ujk% 

BBKB BCÍ«.. 

CoHfl niEpoBO pacBpsja cboe e 6en Toro ÓoiBmie viom. — 
KaRB, BBBi BC!b? Aa B^xi" oiTB ÓiasesHiifil... 

— A^XH roBopan, wo oto Bsxopi— obi roBopETB, iro B)pox- 
eTBOBaiB npecTynjeaie s iro y aero MEJuriosi vb ropjrt, — o0iui* 

BflJI'B BOJIOXE. 

^ — EaBot xBJíjrioBi? 

— Hy xa, ecjiE ero y«iflTB, ob^b cx&iaetca SBaEWETHKB nfy^ 
nowh E ony xaxyrB meuíoei, — noxTBepxEjrB Mflma eiosa tfpam. 

A^BymBa npespEiejiBEO ycM^xsyjiacB. — Kto se sficrb eny 
MEjjrioffB? Oexopi Hebomobb^i ^to je? TaBTB y Bero y caMoro-io... 
nocjdiXHee BHiflie npoxaerB, — npE(íaBEja osa Bnoiroioea. — Kto se 
ony xacTB MEJudofli? — noBTopEJia oaa. 

— MoserB Óiitb, iQipB? — HepiniBTeiBBO saiitoijrB Boioxfl. 

— Jífi^ », BraeiBO, i^apB, — paxoGTBO yxBaraxcir sa aTO npw* 
EoioseBíe MEBia. 

S. Tose nocB!&irajia BOxxepsaTB 6paTBeB% e nanonEBM, ito 
XExoBBBa OexopB HBBOiaeBBTO BaEepvB>nep%, ^ro y nero Mys- 

XEpB BOJOTOITB BHfllBTl... H HaBOBeit'B, OHB BO XBOpifi ŮMBaePh. 

Ho Co^ Be xoTŠia be^fo ÓoiBme cjiymaTB. — %o bb mA 
tjvb pa8CBa8iiBaeTe? — BeEpamia (raa. — H tb toso xopofln, Bevero 
csasaTBl doETB saKB orjNuneBBHft s uOBa se bbxoxbbtb, touo 
HO npo Bero e pi«iB ExerB, — BaaEByiacB OBa aa HBaBymBy, bo* 



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iUl BOCnOMÍHiBlI XMCTBÁ. 45 

lopat oiomejrb Vb OBomBy h crpynurL BasyiD-TO naiouy.— Rto 
se vh lepycamcE-TO not^en? — uemxy i^hi npoxouRaia Go^ba: — 
Bi^ (SoJiBme Tpexi cotl pyÓJiefi xu Hero cotfpuH, xjonoirb-TO 

hb nocj^^is oHa 6iua spaBa, ice^iaHit la c^et^ HnaHymBEHa 
HQPEra Ůujio ysacHo iceoro. BecL ropoA'^ HHiepecoBaicfl mojio- 
XHin K)poxHBii]rB, EOTopoHy nospoBitejĚBCTBOBajia Hama maman. 
Eto BasHaaiH wh eetíb BasHua naioi, ffuae rytSepeaTOpnia nocu- 
jaia M Cyzopy>iBOfi exHHCTBeHHO xifl Toro, iroóu ysnaTB on Hea— * 
se npetxeBaBHBaerb m mi3 H ynopate h^% Borxa-jnitfo crajH 
noBTopsTLCfl pascBasH ofe ero cbatocth, o tomi, no ose Ho^erb 
sa BjajcSBOiazi b «o nmejiu eiiy flBjiiB>Tca... 

Go^Bfl BEajia, aa cbojbbo ciyzs 9ie npeyBeiHHeHu, ho ohb 
asaja Tasse h to, BavL mhofo cnocoficrsyiOTi ohh ycniniHOMy 
efopy xenera na ero HyremeerBie, aro BO-nepsyxi, a BO-sTopurB 
n paBCBasaxB amxi Óiua h aoib npaBjua; pasei HBaHymBa He 

XOXHXB SBMOtt H XÍTOMB 6OCHBOHB? PaSB^ 0H'b He Mon o6ffrB 

BasxftFO es TOJiBy leBciaiiH hbb cBanteHHaro nHcaniB, botophmh 
OBI CBOiai^, He sanHHaacB, na set Bonpocii, Boropiie eiiy npex- 
aarajB? 3th leBCTu mosho 6iuó noHHMaTb BCflHecBv, 6iuo 6u 
TOJOMO sejanie. 9to se Bacaerca xo ocrajBHoro: bhx^B laiii, 
xa npflMoro ceoCn^eHÍfl cb xyxoBHiiHB MipoHi, -— -xo Bcero ororo ohi 
MorB en^e xodBrnyrB, euH ne lenepB, to eo BpeMeHeiiB, a ysx 
oeoÓJBBO ecJH Fochoxb cnoxo^HrB ero coBepmHTB saxyiiaHnufi no- 

XBHTB... GOHHiBaTBCfl BB 8T0MB ($11X0 HOllHCJIHIfO, HO emfi TpyXH^e 

6siJ0 npexcraBHTB ce&b HBaHymBy seaie, bbbb 6ocbbohb, bb xa- 
mAf noxiKMicaHHOirB BepoBBOft, h na nJrTH bb xaxeBÍx crpanii, nox- 
BBH TaBHXB TaHHCTBeHHHXB onacHocTefi, TOO o BOBBpaiqefliB onyxa 
HexBU éiuo H xyiiaiB! IIohbtho nocxi( arorOi ^lo Go^^la oboh- 
wiejBHO Binnxa hbb Tepninix, Borxa Boxoxb^ mosbotb 6htb, cb 

](&XKX> HOXpaSHHIB 00, CTaJI^B OHATB nOBTOpSTB CXOBa XBXB, 9T0 

HnaHynnA naxo canora nax^ h Hora caioMB BHMasaTB, ttoÓu 
OHH sajujv, a bb lepycaiHMB hxth neiera 

— r rpiXOBOXHHBB H CMyTBXHB BaHFB XBX^HBSa, BOTB ^TO fl BaHB 

cnasy! — BCBpnaja osa bhí ce6x oib HeroxoBaHix. 

Tose caifoe, ho bb xpyrnxB BHpaseHÚxiB, BHCsasnBaxocB b 
fy y manian, npaMO bb rxasa xax^ h e^e 6ox£6 pimHrexB-r 

fomxEB. 
-— Hosaxyiesa, TeoxopB, ocrasB hbcb bb hobo^ cb tbohmh 
ecxH ffH eaiTB BOXTopBXHiieMB cx&iaxcx H btb Eora ne 
10 He idmaft, ho apaBneft Mipi, xpyraMB 8a6oTHTBCfl o 
jUma^^roBopHxa y6tsxeHHHiiB lOHom Hama MaTB. 



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46 BMTIKn UřOIIH. 

A wAu% nomm n jLWímcm: OTKHt^ro euy, Teoxcq[»y^ hh vb 
qeiťL Be Běsen, s xtoi iq^^A) ^ >^^ xBopaen, h OKn^OflBie 
pidopeHO... 

Ho AflAfl Bcš 8TH HaiiesH oCpan^urB vb myvKy. 

-~ y^^B 6yxio y BEcs Bce 0xaiM«(KiyTOo!-— cMarrmeen yásO* 
Hyjei OETB. 

— ?it«%, y HacB ciasa Bory. 

— OxBEKo^ caifft ae tu raBopEOB, ^o y iiyata TBoero ne* 
npiATHocTH ^To, MOtterTB 5htl, iipneTCfl HGKaTB xpyiwo iifera.«. 

— PaSBi MOSHO 8T0 CpaBHHBaTB 0h 9B0HIIH HySK^lUn?;. il 

nm)p«), ^To Baxo TOJBBO BŠpy nuiň... 

— Ob To6ofi ne cronyemB! A tu uwb wi% vio CBaBe: im 

laEHXl OHTB, TBOt ÓJiatteHBBlt, SpinOCTHOt Hm BOJBHHfl? 

— SanÍKB Te(ít? 

— > SaK% sa^^vBl Jljtí vbff> s xe ne myn roBopn w6%^ m) 
xiriy B3flTB ero ra cotiott. RoHe«iBo, Bcero 6iixo6u jyme, eciHte 
0B% <$ujrB BOJiBHBfi; Hy, a ecjHH hítb, Tor^a npH^erea eiB ero 
rocnoAMiH neperoBopHTE. He nyuBXo, nro6u ohh xoporo sa aero 
saHpocHJB, BÍ«B OH<B Bce paBHO lopo^HBiois cjHoen, erajo Óhtb, 
HH na BaRyn patfory ne CHOco<SeH'B. 

Maman MOJiqaia. ^axfl ci mHyry speHem sx^^s ei orofoa, 
a Tam CHOBa saroBopsjí^B: 

--^ Tu BipBO seaeiiiB, kto ero rocnoxa? 

— y HWt> wbvh rOCDOITB* 

TaKB 0H% BOAHUfl? 

• — JI BToro ne FOBOpn. 
-^ Hy, HTO TH mti saraxi^fl-vo saraxasaemB? GosHatea Jíytmt, 
TTO TH Hnero ne xo^eiHB coo6ii^btb uni ů6h HBaHymíš? 

— SL ne&k roBopH>9 iro ohi csopo nofix^n vb lepycaiHirB,-^ 
otf^BflBHxa maman,— wro t&Sí emfi? 

— A 2 Tetifi FOBopK)| ^To OHI y MeBa wb xopi nepOBn 
leHopoMi Oyxen,— ^BaeranBaxi xflXfl* 

— nosajr^CTa, Teoxofřh^ nepecntn Mefia xpashbtl! 

— ChuuKE mbj vbm% orb POciiaxB? 

— ^a 8av'6M*B TeÓi? Ohi xan odi^ame Hxra b% I^yiea^ 
jRiiťB... TasHiíH BentaMv ae myran! 

HacTynHJio HajeffBSoe MOJivaBie. Jífim o ^leBrB^Te pasxyiiH- 
Baji, HO paBxyifbe ero wmocb ne xojiro. — Hy, Bce pasHo, — ^iiax- 
HyjTB 0H% (JessadoTHO pyBofi^ — m ero BOSBiiy 6wb nacoopia, Taiťb 
yiaxHMi BaB%-HH6yxB... B^xb h y nacB Tose ecTB xpysu; ■ n 
BaseHHofi oajarb, h vb ceHtrl... 

Maman MOXHaxa. 



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m BBCHOnUlA f,9KTBk. 47 

— Ecjoi BTSCDO (^x^^nh ^ wse ra nevfidyprB, ks nnncrpy 
nolij; TB 3BaeBi^ n lanx^ xoponnn ozHomenínn j| co b06mh 
jMQiHma Hoei mtma^ a bíx^ ea poxHott xsAS na Texrt rpa|M 
Bienropcsaro seoin* Bcb EpiiTn yvacm Kb BecmeiHOKb 
mmi, Mtepuo Bsr tyn be npexčiBO oiSpeKii..* TaicA TaMETBÍ 
^ SHfteniB JH m, m Tasie rojoea B&xaara poxircfl? Db lepy- 
eajDi, B&DsoirEy 6eB& manui*.. mojeho ceM npexcruHr^ xakEitB 
on ooyiia BepMfCf! ^a ir Bepaesa m... 

— Ban rocnoxBJí! — opomenraxa cb naaopaBm Btxoxaiíi 



Offb pascjHmajTE sth cjOBa. — Bau FocacNVia, bojm Focdowu! 
Opuo ae, Jleja, bh lyn camr bcé iDpoxnsMB cxtnjiHCb! OqeHB 
Bjsie Bcny, dyxen jh y Mc&a vh xopi xoponrit venop^ ua 
^n! y Bero wwh, roBopaTB, mhjjlíohu pacnpexpacmirb rojocoBi 
Hi He6i, a H^n, ito6u npeentrb aam cD^t zon cofensy exe 
viL BapiTdHoaeb h xHeáaaTOBi csmbko yroxao, xot^ npyxB 
na npyxB, a Tenopa hh oxHoro... 

y mamaa xase miHa Buciyraxa na smík on HeFOXOBa&ia. — 
TMffopa! — BGKpauxa oea xpow^ipBii^ on r^ftea roxocoifs, — a 
na ae mmojoo momjmcrBOMXb vh Moem apH^^TCTBÍat 

Ho ofls npoxQisan cniarbca. — Eaxoe se lyn xoiqyHCTBO, 
ni asen? A imopK), no roxoc& AMph Bo»itt a vro Branrir* 
Bm ero B!b rpa% — BenoBtoiHTenHO*.. 

Aoiro eaie ohx osopaiH) HasoHei^y maman osapiua ÓJieeia* 
ma xmia. On Expyro ycoeaouacB h xase araeeex&ia. 

— ^ «iT0 MU Tyn Toxxyeiiab, ob-b h eam ae aaxoqen, — 
cnsua ona. 

— Rto 810? HBaHymxa-To! xa! xa! xa! }ífi,Ř mh*! ero toxbbo 
Ha xeaeKB h a bcd ÓJiaaaB asi aero bhÓbiOi Hanero ne ocTaHerca, 
Bon ysaxam! Gaop^ 6u Tonao oji/bn ero no-^ejOBinecaa, xa 
KOOfn oócrpan... ne coBdwbj a raai, mů6u mosho 6ujo nox- 
mm wasfBj h la jenne Franee... Pexaavon CBfoio-eaaift ch 
(SpooBOBinui ii}i!WHivuia^ anjion najeBaft^ MyeiaHoioe sa6o a 
Stmxaaa ch iqHuaniia... Taaofi Biiflxen ^pacaBtasn^) ^nro sarxa* 
xfaoei y Meaa sea iqmxyra bi calotte conrte. 

Huaaa ace yxB6axaci». 

--* GiAftaíj tmiiCŘy — npoxoxxaii xixa, aoroparo ea cnoaot- 
caíe paaxpaxaxo ea^BÍe, ifbm iv&aK— a ion saai npiix^oiB 
^ aaai b!b MoeaBy, x& yBoxaniB TBoero <Sjia«eHBaro wh poia 
WKo-aa^yxB dxrapa axa Payafl, Taxi caaa vmi aouaeinB caa- 
cife 8a 1O9 no a MaiBiamay b% jk>xh bhboji^ 

PasroBOpB 8Torb npoacxoxajrE bb Moem iipacyrcTBia. Meaa 



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48 VMniME% IBPOBH* 

6Hja cjBiDBOii^L BBBOiHOBaHat ^TOÓH orjMXHBaTbca DO cxoponan. 
IIpH noeiixHHTb ciOBarb xajpiy a onpoiieTBH) BH(Hbauua vwh rocn- 
HOtt» HTOÓH nepexan Bce cjramaHBoe ůftabaxh. 

— JíjĚff xo^en OKÍTb HiiaHyiDKy pnip^iem h iio6a obi 
Ha learpí arpaii) — BHnajHja a, Bjenui n xfaexyD. 

MosHO oetit npexcraBiT^ Bceofia^ee BsyiueHie. Měna ospy- 
SUB, sasHAajiH BonpocaMH Bcft, spoirb BBHOBBna cjukoex, so- 
Topatt Bce TBBse CDOBOteo crpyran etan naiony, BcnxuBaa no 
EpeHeHam (Sesy^acTHHi Bariaxi vh orapiiroe okao, nepex^ soto- 
pHm xpysaiBCL rojyfia. 

— Ho ecjfl BÍBaayiiKa nocrymmb mb cqefly, ony ho oxEsn 
pimapeS npHxeica npexcmBian, a xasaíM pastfoftHBBORB, — mmir 
TWb Mama. 

— EoHouo, msh WTO m^ mh Biorol 

— H iiepiei... Kb Robert le diable, noMHinib? — ^npoxojuKan 
^^BETasapoBaTB 6parB. 

Mu upyn Bcb cmn. Hxea, ^iro, BCiymBi sa aoBoe no- 
npBn^e, HBanyDKb npaxerca H80(^paman qepieft, sacraBsia naci 
npBBaxyMai&ca, h mh aei, tohho croBOiMraniKb, o6epHyjnc& vb 
ero CTopoay, no6H bbx:ítl, aasi oh% otboorcb si tbboI pfaaofi 
nepeiriiBi vh ero eyxi^tSty no HBaHymaa Boe Tasabe neBOUfyrnio 
npoxojsaj'L crpyraiB cboh) naiouy. On patforan oien ycepxno, 
iH>n BOBpyn nero éim boc^ ycHnani cípysBaxfl, a roioay owh 
HarHyji'b laai hubo, vo sa Hpaxam bojiock, ciiaxHBaB)ntaxB bmt 
nepex^ jom/n ero coBcbM% ne 6hjo bbxho. 



vn. 

Biuo iH y HBaayouui CBBxanie Ch xaxenLBoB Gexopovi Hhbo- 
laeBB^ieiťb h o wh!b hm^so ohh ÓecriMoBau, octmock bo Mpasi 
HeBBB&CTBOCTH. ^xB CTan H9CS0 texBTb DO rocraxi, TO n ry* 
6epHaTopy, to vb np^iBOXBitaB), to rb xpymn CBoam BnaBomun, 
B BOBBpan^uiCB nosxHO BeqepoM'& xoiioS, hb y boto ne cnpamB- 
Baj% npo B>poxEBarOy Tavb ^sxo mokho 6umo xyxaTB, ^ro ohi^ bb- 
Óun npo nero. PasMOJiBBa, npoacinexníaa nesxy n^ > naaman 
BBB-8a nBanymaHy lOse, noBBXBMOMy, HBriaxBiacb; no oro puMO 

TOIBBO nOBHXBMOMy, HB CBHOlil BKO KÍjA OBH TOnOpB TOCTOaSBO 

B npa BBsxoiTB yjoDÓBOBRE ciyui BOJOJB H asBBn xpyn xpyi* 
camnii (SesnonM^BSiMib ofipaaoiťB. 



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lai BOCnOIHHlHÍfr A^TCTBl. 49 

— A TU oiUTB K% ryÓepHaTopm^, Teoxopi? — aaiiit^ajia c% 
HpoHi^ecKOfl ycM'lniRO& maman: — CMorpe^ a JIhsš Hanniny! 

— Mh fb CBflTue He JišsesrB, HacrL Bce pasHO fb pat ne 
nycisTBi — OTB^qajirB laRse myTJiHBO ffiw. 

H npH BTOiffB owh i^oBaji^B eji pyKH, a ona satfoxHaacB, ^otf&t 
KB ysHHy Bc6 symaHBfl 6ujib npnroTOBJíeHH no ero BBycy, ho 
OHI Hsd^nuH ocraBaTBCfl b^bocitb, h Bor^a pasneccji coiyx^, ^xo 
WffiBhSA npHBasajTB cBoony ^aHHn-j^ cotfHpaTBCí vb nyrB, Bdb 
yHHBBJHCBi spoiri maman, soropa^ OTHecjiacB kb aroiiy WB^mío 
ooBepmenno paBHo;iymHO. Ho UaHspaTBeBHa Óum vh ($0JBm0M'B 
nepenoaoxi. Ona snaja, ^no x^jio, a-ia Roroparo npi'6xajrB cioxa 
(tepuHHHi 6paTei^'B, x^^eso en^e ne bohioho h tto owb emfi ne- 
xaBHo TOBopHn, ^iTO xosxercfl BOSBpameHÍfl 6apHHa H8'b Uerep* 
6ypra; kb TOHy se laROfi BHesanHuft otb^a^ c^HBaji ci TO^By 
Bci ea xoBflficTBeHHUfl coo6paaceHÍji, o sajniBHOirB nopoceHB^ h 
lOMy noxo(5HHXi cjioshiixi npnnacaxi na xopory ne^ro Óhjio 
H xyvaTB^ naxo Óujio xoBOJBCTBOBaTBCfl oxhhmh aBapeHHMH i^unxfl- 
TaMH H nBposBaiiE... Aa h nirposBH^To!.. 

— EcjiH OHH ceroxHfl vh hohb yšxyn, laKB h nHposROBi 
Bejufl 6yxerB nane^B, — nenajiHJiacB crapymKa.— Bbi 6u hxi, cy- 
XipnHfl, nonpocHJiH xo saBTpesa noxosx&TB, fb hohb-to ne Bon 
sHaerB BasrB xuobo otb^xf^} & hu lyrB^ no Bpafinefi iiipi, Bce 
Basi ďixyerB hicb cnpaBEJiH 6u. 

— XopomOi — csasajia maman,— a ero nonpomy. 

Ho, xoJUBHO ÓBiTB, OHa HpocHJia njoxo, noToxy qio XflXOHBBa 
He HSHŠHHXB CBoero HaH^peHÍfl, h Ha cjri^xyion^ift x^hb naci pas- 
6yxRJH H8BÍCTÍeirB, ^to rocxB Hanu vh ly se hohb yiixaj'B. Korxa 
MS BHmjH sxopoBaTBCfl Kh maman, y nea yse CHx^Jia Gyxopyqaa 
B pascBasHBaja npo cnjieTHH, xoxHBmia no ropoxy o&b HBanyniB-i. 
Bdb yaTB snajH, ^to 6exop'B HHBOjaeBH?'B xot^jtb yBesiH ero vh 
MocKBy H cx^jaiB hfb nero anrepa. ÁHHa PoxíoHOBHa npHm^a 
n yasaci, a MapBa JlBOBJíeBHa roBopvrB, hto btofo naxo 6um 
GMMKBOb. HacracBB BacEjBOsna cb TparopieirB EBanoBH^eHi yet- 
pooTB, im> OHH Bcerxa 6um Tanoro XH^nia, hto fb hoh^b HHBaBofi 
CBaiocTH, oxna tojibbo Abxotbb IlerpoBna BcrynnjiacB sa EÍBa- 



— dra sa nero ropofi h sa bbci lose, xaiymBa! HHBorxa, 
b, ne noB^pK), ^To6u laBaa jrBaacaeMaa oco6a, BaKB rene- 
eiaaa mapjarany noBpoBHTexBCTBOBaiB h xora, roBOpBrB5 
Q^lll^ HmuaeBHHi npn hhš roBopHJii... 
^ '^— ff^ m Ůa Eu% CBasan, ^ro Oexopa HHBOjaeBHna ys'B 

ttaH»'T^-47BBT«BFb, 1882. 4 



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50 BftCTHHfi'^ KBPOnH. 

Bivhj mx> OETb Rume vh HOHb y&cux coBetifb vh MocRey, — ne- 
TepníjiHBo nepeCua ee maman. 

— Csasy, xaTymsa, HenpeMiHRO caasy... Hy, a ysi na- 
inefl*TO, BapBap^ ÁHApeeBHi... 

— K'^ Bapsapt ÁHApeeBHt z cana uoiKy h caiia oÓiacHio 
eft vb ^ewb KbjíOj — o6iflBHjia maman. 

Ona A^ficTBBTejbHO vh Torb se Be^ep^b ornpaBsiacb Vh roc- 
nos£ JlapHHofi H upocE/íbM y Hea oneHb AOJiro, bc&mlh cHiaicB 
crapaacb ynETroasHib csBepnoe BneHaTiime, npoHSBeAeHHoe na siy 
xaiiy rjiyDoS cajierHefl o6i wpoAHBOKi. Ho aioBpejuiuB csyii^ nyo^eH- 
Hutt no ropo;^! Borb snaerb sticb, B^pofliai^e Bcero, caiíairb MfiMfitty 
pacnpocrpaHfljCfl Bce xu^me h xa^bme, h npoHHaaa bo Bdb cioh 
otfn^ecTBa, noJiosHieuno cxliaicfl aaoóott xha. Stejanie ysnaib — 
npáBxa JIH, ^To K>poxBBufi HBaHyfflaa, totb caiiH&, BoropufiCocB- 
KOM'b ■ 6e8% manu xoxhjii h b% lepycaxBMi coÓBpaica^ nairlpe- 
Baercfl xenepb nocTynnib vb asTepEi, 6ujo lasi BejiHKo, hto y 
maman ot6ok> ne 6ujlo orb nocŠTBiejbHHivb. jS^fl maman nacTy- 
nflJB TflseJibie ahb. Hejiinufi ciyx'b o npeBpan^eniH HBanyniKH 
Hffb djiasennaro bi csoMopoxa npnxoxBJíocb onpoBeprarb xBaxAaTb 
paffb na xhh) h o6iflCHflTb cb yjiHÓsofl na ycrax^b^ vb to Bpeiui 
icaBi BomRB cspeÓJiB na cepxA^, ^ro nBanymaa TaRHiiH rpiixoBHUMH 
noMHCJiaMB HEBorxa h ne xy^^^-i^ sannMaTbCfl. Rony se jyíme 
o<5rb BTOiTb snaTb, Basi ne maman? Om y naeb Basxutt xenb... 

— flfl. Borb B lenepb BÍpoo cb x^xbiiH vb Riaccnott hjih 

Wb CTOJIOBOfi... 

Ona sBOHua h npERasuBajia nodBaxb SBanymsy. 

— Arb| noauuyficiay ne tiednoRofirecb, 8aHÍBi'b bto! — noBTopaaH 
nocfiTHTennHi^H. 

Ho T^H^b ne Mente Baasxu bsi hbxi cropaia nerepnitHiem 
BO ohíh) yÓixHTbcs, HTO HBanymBa Bce lorb aae b hto ero en^e 
ne napflXHJiH nn pbmapex'b, hb topiohi. 

n naxo Óiuo BBXj^Tb, cb KasBirb jiK)6onuTCTBOirb bc% rjiasa 
ycrpeHUiíBCb na pacrpenannyH), Tn^exymnyH) ^nrypy lopoxHBaro, 
Borxa ona noflBJiH.iack vb xBopaxrb rocmnoS, saKb BnnHaTejibBO 
npncjiymHBajiBCb Kb BasxOMy ero cjosy. Bapiinn xom ycno- 
ROBTbCfl, — nepex^ nnMB po6Bo nepoMEnajicfl ci norn na nory Bce 
TOTb se ÓjAfflOJíwnfiŘ nnoma, cb ÓjysxanniBirb Bsríflxoirb, 6e8- 
CMNCJtennofl yjiuÓRoB, xJ^EnnoBOJOcufi n Óoconorífl. 

Maman oÓBOXHja cbobxi nocŠTnrejbnBi^ TOpsecTBynn^niCL 
BsrjiHxoiTb, a sai^irb, oópaqaacb vb lopoxBBOMy: — CTynatt, rojiy6- 
HWffbj crynafi Rrb x^TSirb, — roBopn^ía ona, jiacBOBO BfiBaa eny 
rojiOBoS. 



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131 BOOQOlIHAfilI X^TGTBi. 51 

HBaHymKa yxojuiJťB, a (SapuHH y^^ajiH y6ix,js,euuuUj ho ho 
coBctiTB. Pa8'& nomaTqyBmaacfl B%pa bi lopoxHBaro njioxo bo3- 
aaHOBjajiacB, n ^to 6ujio bc^fo crpanB^, A&se h b'b rjasaxi 
maman npecreanb HBaHymBH yTpaTHica ^aBcerxa. Oaa npoxoa- 
saia sacryoaTBca sa nero h yB^paiB ApyrHxi vh ero cbatocth, 

HO CTOHJLO TOJBBO BCMOTpiTBCfl VB MOpn^HHRy, nOflBJflBHiyiOCfl MeSAY 

ea tfpoBflMH Bi npHcyTcrBifi lopoxiiBaro, htoÓu AoraxaTBca o cohhí* 
Biím, B08HiiBaBnia» vb ea yxi. 

HaRaai ne Morjia ona HsÓaBHTBca on 8thx'b coiih%hí8; ohb 
10 Taaofi cieneHH xoMyiHiH ee, hto ona o^paxHJiacB vh no^ion^H 
CBoero xyxoBHBBa, OTi^a Meooxia. A) y aioro cypoB^ro Monaxa 
6sja oxHa tojbbo nanai^^ npoTBBi bc^xx HpaBCTBOHHHXi hoho- 
qefi: BupBaiB, oipy^aiB, yHB^TOSBTB npexnerB coÓJiasHa. IIo ero 
coBi^iy, HBaHymB^ 6um saopenteHO ne tojibbo n^xB, ho lasse 
BrpaTB na BaBOifB 6u to hb 6ujío BHCTpyMeHT&. PesyjiBTaTBi btofo 
sanpen^eHia buihjib caMHe njia^eBHEie. OrHHiiBTe y combba ero 
nicBB, ^TO orB Hero ocTaaerca? H bto o^paiBTB BHBxaHie na 
HJOxeBBByK), cipeHBxyK) niB^By? HBaHymBa 6ujrB toi-b a&e co* 
joBefi; Korxa oh'b chojisi, npBcyrcTBie ero vh HameirB fflwb no- 
lepjuo BCflBiS CMucjii. Maman Bce nan^e oicujiajia ero bi xki- 
ayio H uvh TOJIBBO obi yxoxBJi'B9 npBBasuBaia otbopbtb 4>op- 
TOBKB, BypBTB cxojiBofi BJB caMB BasBrajia XyBDBCTyK) HOBaniBy. 

IIOJOSBITB, ^TO ÓHBajlO BO JBBIBIIlťB OUB^aTB BOSXyXl, BO^OBy 

se paBBme 8to HBSoro bo ctícbbjio? HnaByniBy sej^BO 6ujio 

BOpMBTB Ha ByXB^y BaB'B Óy^TO OH'B TOJIBBO Ch 8T0fi HBflyTU HB* 

lajirE ictb najuj^uíB b ofírapaTB ce&b ryóu pyaaBOMi! IIpBXBpBH 
CB xasxHJBi xHeM'B ycBjBBajiBCB; xoHiJO xo Toro, BTO xase b 
n jereHxam o&h ero no^OBsaxi hb Bjax^Bn^t b rx£ Bon no- 

CJajn CTBJIB OTBOCBTBCfl BpBTB^OCBB, B HpBBasaflO 6UJ0 BSCSŽ- 

XOBaxB, rx£ BKeHHO npoBOxnrB obx bobb, a Borxa erajio bs- 
bíctbo, hto OHI ciiBrB vh samefi sy^epcsofi, fb tom'b ?yjiaHÍ, 
Tfjb xpaHBjLHCB c5pyB B sanacBue apnasn, OTRpurie 8to npoBS- 
leio HB Bc/bpb BBBoe-TO CTpaHHoe BneBBTjiWe, ho to CesoTqeTHofi 
Aocaxsif He to HeroxoBamB. 

y ÁBxepcefla ecTB csasBa o nanysa-i cb nepeniflÓJieHfluirB 
qrsuoiTB, nonaBmefi He^aaBflo na mnmŘ XBopi. MaieHBBafl, 
rpupodflaa n^ByHBB, cb sbobbbxi fojiocomi b atenofi, njaiieH- 
BOft xyiQOt, npexcTBBJíflerB b8'b cetfa Taaofi BOHTpacrB ch aupAUMB, 
ijmiMH yTBaiiB, BypaHB b BHxMRavBi OTaapBUBBaeiiHMH na y6ott, 
hd b:b nepsys) iq^ryTy npoBdBOXBTB na Bciixi canoe iťpejecTHoe 
>; Bci ee ^acBaBn*B, yron^aKyn, ociinaB>TrB BonnjiBHeH- 
flp 9to j^MMTOí ne xo«iro; ÓyxHH^Bua saÓOTU o tomi^ bbbb 



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52 BftOTfllKb BBPOUH. 

6u saxBaxHTb Jiyroiift sycom isi Ropna^ xa lopomeHBBO Bucnar&cfl 
nocjit Tpanesu, (Sepyn Bepr& hex^ cjyqaftHuifE nopuBOM'E caHTR- 
HeHTajiBHOCTH, H npEcyíCTBie HenpomeHoS rociBS HEHHHaerb iiaio- 
no-iiajiy napyinaTB coHJiHBoe iipo8fl(SaHÍe zosseBi. Ez tohrob n^etfe- 
TaHB6 BByqHTB AHCcoHaHCOMi cpe^H Bceo6iiiaro RBaBaHu, Byxax- 
TáHBfl H BpflsaHBfl nTEHMiro x^opa H BOHnaercfl tíite, tto sgp- 
naa yrsa, la csmMj hto Ha nepBHxi nopars otfpaTHjia CBoe óiaro- 
XymHoe BEHMame na jAceyiD XHRapBy^ vb npHnaxai Tynoro pas* 
xpaseHÍfl, cpHBaen ch Hea rojioBy. 

Hameny lopoxHBOxy mh lose CBepnyM meio, ho toabo xpy 
rHMTB HaHepom* IIpaBxa^ ^ (JjiaseHHHfi Hanu ne coBciirb no* 
xoxHJTb na jri&cHyio nnqysKy, h maman, h6 Bsiipaa na HSic^He- 
HÍe ea ^yBCiBi K^h BsaHymK^, Bce-raBH npoxojsaja x^TeibHO 
cnapflasaTB ero vb lepycarairB: HexocTaK>^^Jl ffiEhVE ke cotípaH- 
Hofi yse cyuiA xo6aBHia cbohxh h npHHuacb xjonoraTB o nac- 
nopxš. 3to x^o xoJiaKHO 6hjio vb CBopom spenenH ycrpoHTBCfl. 
Maman npaBxy cicasaja xflxeHBB'6 Oexopy HEBOJiaeBH«iy, — BsaHyniBa 
He npHHaxJiesajii hh bi BpinocTHiiM'&, hh kb BOiBEnirB uoxam^i 
OHI 6uA'h H8i rocyxapcTBeHHuxi BpeciBflHab, a n npexc^x^TejieirE 
Base&Hoft naiam Hanu oten^ BasxyH) cy66oTy Hrpajrs fb bhctb 
y ryÓepHaxopa, crajio tfnrB, npenaTCTBÍfi (tb aroft cropoHsi nevěro 
6ííJíú onacaTBCfl. Boo6n^e HBaHyniBHHO x&io 6wio xasi oÓcraBJíeHo, 
HTO Bi Posx^CTBy owh MOPB nycTHTBCB vh nyTB; HO OHB ne xo- 
xxaicfl aioro spenenH n vb Ofíorb nenacTHull obtaópbcbíB x^hb 
BHosanno cspiLics. 

HaBanyní^ en^e owb pnooBaii cboh Sjiouh h BpecniBH sa na- 
mHiTB BJiaccmiiTB ctojoitb; noroirB, Borxa HacrB ysejitocnaTB, ohi, 
no o(5iiBHOBeHÍK) HH ch Kbwb ne npocTHBnuiCB, ymeji h ÓoiBuie 
ne BOdBpan^ajica. 

npomjio XHE xpH. — npHmejrB HBaHynnca?— cnpanniBaia maman. 
— ?Tott*TO nanrB (SjíasenniiĚ nefixeis? — meniajiHCB ropnEnnua 
Mesxy C0608. A Taase e vb x%tcbo8 xo esb^hoS crenenH onqr- 
n^ajocB ero orcyrcTBÍe; uu tbkb npEBUBJífl ero bhxítb jieÓo y 
OBHB CTpyraB)n^aro xpaHE^ay xu bm&i, m6o y crojia cb Bapanxa- 
moMi BB pyaaxi, hto nycro 6bíjio saBi-TO tiesi nero, h mh cnpa- 
mEBajra xpyn y xpyra: sorxa se oh'b npHxerB? BnponeirB, oco- 
ÓOHHHxi noxoBiÁnift h onacemfi na ero cverB bb nameitB xom'6 
HEBTO en^e ne BUCBasuBajii; no bb ropox^ ysx ÓoirajE. Mni 
oco($eHHO naiuiTeffB oxhhi BovepB. 

HaciynEjfl cynepsE. Maman cotfnpajiacB ixaTB kb BOMy*TO na 
BevepB E coBepmajia CBOfi lyajierB vh cnanni. Mu TBepxMB 
ypoBE Kh cjLiKyjomfiKy xhh). Úobtopebi pavB XBaxi^axB e npo cetfa, 



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BSl BOCnOMaHiHjfi ANCTBA. 53 

I Bcjyxii, BaseaBÍfl ropoxoBTE b'b tomi bsi rocyxapcTKB, BOTopuM% 
yurejiB reorpa^in peBOMeHAOBan mb^ saBATBea, Hena CTajid ne- 

npeO^OJHMO TBHJTb BOB^B HffB BJlECCHOfi. BpaTBfl JVJíyÚEJÍlllCh Vh 

CBOH apBexerfl^ecKia saxa^B; ryBepsasTBa, 6jb8bo npHXBBHyBí wh 
oetfi cbíuJ) norpysBJíacB fb nreHÍe poMasa, npBHeceHBaro eK 
rtiTB caMBiTB ynTejeiTB, xJifl Koroparo osa Bcerxa HaA^Bajia bo- 
BBfi rajciyneBi, posoBiifi bjh roiyóofi; osa He BBA'£jia h Becju- 
majia Toro, hi^ tbopbjiocb BOspyrB nea. IIojBsyflCB TasBMB 6xaro- 
npiBTfluiiB otícTOBTejBCTBaiiB, Ji Bosuufšja xepsByK) MBicjB Hesa- 
mítbo yjiBSByTB BBi BJiacca b npoÓpaTBca bi a^bbhbk). Taifi 6iuio 
laBi BGcejo fl osBBJíeBBo! Cb^^b 611(6 Be sasseHU, tojbbo oabbi 

yrOJIb X^BHBOfi SOMflaTH OCBibmfiWh HepOBBUlfB, RpaCHBIlTB njiaM6- 

Bem APOFB9 nii.iaH)n\BX'B vh n6ui, vh ocxaiBBuxi ase yrjiaxrB 
GOBcim TeMHO. Taní TOJinaTca ByuaMB A^BymsB b HeyiiojiBaeMO 
ÓomjDVh M6SAy coóofi, n^ejiBaa noACoaB6HBiia c%m6^be. Yxrb bo- 

Be«EHO, flXl paSCBaSH MBOrO BBT6peCBÍ6 TOrO, ^TÓ MU CJIHBIflMab 

bi» BJiaccflofi, x& B Bpo6%saTBca bo nycroS^ nojiyocBin^eHHofl sajii 

(lUO C06jia8flBT6JIBB0. BUCBOHBBI HesaifiTHO um BJiaCCflOfi H MBflO- 

Btarh 6jiaronaiyHflo sopB^opi^ a on^ynBH) oiHCBajia nepBJía jlíci- 
vanu H Ha^ajia yse cnycsaiBca no Hefi, BaBx Bxpyr'B ^bb-to pyxa 
otfxBaTB.ia MOH) xaiBH) H noBiesJía beh^b. 

— BacB-TO uni e HysHo; BaB'B xopomo, hto bu buiejui! \& 
jxb xhbbo CTOiDTyrB Ba CTyneflBxi A& noASBAaK), — BamenrajrB mbí 
BE yxo BBaBOHtitt rojioeB Gobbhbb. 

CnycxBBBiBCB no išctbbi^í, usu uotUbrnuE Bisaiy b ycijimch 
nM% KB Ham'B jaoÚumxiŘ yrojiosi, sa XBopBB) kb rocTBHyio. Tyxi 
GoHa, npepHBaB)qBMca on B0jifl6BÍa vojLOCOWh^ Hanajia mb^ nepo- 
ffMíTh CBOB onac6BÍa na cierB HBaHymBB. Gbjibbo TpeBOSBJío 66 
mcyrcrúe lopoABBaro. Eiiy e npesRAe ciy^ajiocB BanponaxaTB na 
Bpeva, HO TO ÓBuo jť^TOH^B HjiB B6CHofi> Bi xopomyK) T6njyK) no- 
roxy. Torxa mosho 6hjio saHOHOBaiB h vh ropaxx y nacÍHEEsa 
I^[iHropBEHa (xasoro se diasseflEaro, mkl HBaflymBa), e saBaiEiBca 
c% BaiBicB-BflÓyxB -puCíaowb sa Boxry. 

Kb hohe BasasAOiTB ocrpoBE^, HasasACtt otmojb, nopocmett 
qrcrapHEsoirB, sasEHUHCB Bocxpu JiDÓBiejiefi pHfiflofi jobjb e 
iixofHEBOB!B sa XBBEHfl yTBaME E ÓOBacaifE. B'B nox^opsyio xpyCy 
momm tfiuo pasJE^aiB jK)Aefi, Bonoman^EXca y btexi socrpoBi^, e 
MveiOKB, Vh BOxopoirB OHE BapBJui BamEiQr B yxy. Ho lenepB 
BOxoÓHiirB BBCBypdfi MEHOBaib; plsa 6iija xaBaa tfypBaa, 

BfCBaiHCB no H68 TOUKO EO CaiíOfi SpaitBefi H606X0XE]f0Cn[, 

MMfl. 4fua HjTHaa e sejriaa; sa rycraiťB TynaHOicB sfe ÓoasBeB 
MM[H0. OirratfpB x&Bajii C6tia nyBCi^BaTB; Cb nef^xio Bpe- 



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51 B^GTIUTKI SBPOSd. 

MeHH kaK'B HacTjnBJíH HenacTEBie xhh, aosa^ JiHjrB ttaB'& hsi Bexpa, 
H He TOJiBBO sa ropoAOHi Bci xoporfl pasMUJio, ho ■ na jiy^iinixi 
yjiHi^axi 9BHnasH TOHyjH bx rpflSH. rx*]^ Mors cspuBarbCA Tan 
XOJiro HBaHymBa? 

— Gna^ajia hh xy^ajiH — ysrB ne vb MOHacnipb jb ymejii? 
TaB'B bítb^ TeTeBBBa AjieBcaHApa IlerpoBHa cefi^aci OTTyxa, hh* 
RTO ero 6*^ HOHacTiip^ ne Bflx&Ji'^^ — roBopejia Co^ba. 

Cyxopy^Ra b bi CTapaqBy, hto vh 0Bpai4 SHBers, saóirajia, 
H jffh BJiax^HB^eHCBOMy CToposy sarjiBHyjia — HHrAi HBaHymBH H6 
OBasajtoCB; nyxeca x& h tojbbo!' 

— Yx,^ TenepB ne SHaeKt, Vf/b n hcbíitb ero, bi ropoj* ony 
He y Koro CBpuTBOi, hbitb bc% M^cra, Tffb owh ÓBiBaeirB, bsb^cthh, 
— npn^aBBjra vb saBJíioqeHie Moa npifliejBHBi^a. 

OrpaitiHiafl hucjib BBHejiBBajiH y neHa b'b yiťl, Tasia crpam- 
HHa, HTO Mfli CA^JiaiocB syTBO. — CoHfl! — BCRpHqajia a xposan^HVB 
orB BoiHeHÍa rojtocoHi:— ohi, mosotb 6iitb, yroHyjTB HJra co6ara 
ero sarpHBjm!.. 

Bojira 6uM xaRafl 6ypjiHBaa 8th xhb! Sbito yrpo CKOTp&ra 
Ba Hee HffB 4M)pto«iBH h BBA^jia saR^B BOJHaMB ea nepeKHXuBajiacB 
c^ 6oBy Ba6ovB MajieHBBafl jiOAOHRa... KiosHaeirb! MoaserB Óbitb, 
HeaByniBa 6ujvb Buenao bí Broft j«)AP^b'6, oHa B^pyn sasi hh- 
tiyXB onpoBBHyjacBÍ.. Ho Btopoe npexnojioseHie, BacnerB co6avB, 
6uA0 emfi jXMMié h ne 3aBjtK)Hajio b% cetit HH^ero nenpaBAO- 
noAOÓHaro; bb HameiťB ropoA'i& coOaBi 6ujio raBi mhopo, ^to hh- 
RTO He BHxoxBJíi HO^BH) 6en DajiRB. JÍBeiá% viTh xepffiajiB Ba npH- 
Basa, HO no Benepan^B BHnycRajiH, h sepTBOft hxi ttorB CA^jiaTBca 
BCflRÍfi, BTo ne yyAáb on bhx^b y&b«Mb hjh orÓHTBca. 

— HÍTB, HttTb, — bpepaajta iieHa Go^ba: — bc* co6aRB ero seaiorB, 
ofili He RHBytca Ha Hero, xa b HaB0Heu'B, ecjiaCu ohí sarpoBJíH 
ero, HamjH 6u ero xajiarB hjih py({amay... vb Jioxay ero Tose 
BBBTO ne B08BMerB Bi TaRyK) noroxy, ho a botb itó xyii<^««- 

Ona ocraHOBBjíacB taa MraoBenie b% Hep^mBTeJiBHocTB, h npii- 
crajiBHO sarjiaByBí ueí vb riasa, npoxojiaRajia:— CRaacHie «e9h 
Bory!> h nepeRpecTHiecB, ito HHROMy ae cRaaere. 

S, ne saxyMUBaacB, HcnojiBHJia ea TpetfoBame. — Hy? 

— Hy, MU CB lereaBRoi Taai xyMaeMB, hto offB ri Oexopy 
HaROJiaH^y ymeji^, — nporoBopBj[a ona TaHHCTBeHHitiii monomicií. 

— y HBX'B 8T0 6UJ0 BŮpHO BOepeXI» ytlOBJlOHO... 

— Kb xflxeHBRi?— BCRpflqajaa, — bo RaR^seoirBTyxax<!)|i'ory 
Hatx^TB, BŠXB AffXefiBRa B1^ MOCRB^ aRBBerB? 

— Taai íTO-aii hbi ototo, b xo Mocrbíi xoťteperea! Bh ne 

CUOTpBTe, HTO 0H% TaRBlťB npOCTaHROlfB CMOrpÉTB, Wd OB^B c% 



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H31 BOCnOMHHAHiB A^TOTBl. 55 

Bi|y TOJBxo, a Ha caHOHi jlíjA oh^ — ^XHTpEiff, fl ero sHaio! Hnorxa 
y Hero TaRifl cjiOBa npopuBaiOTCfl, ^lo ne BCflBOMy yMHOMy npn- 
xyitaiBy DpaBO efi-Eory!.. Bu, uoasen ($utb, Boo^poasaere, hto obtb 
0€TaBBa'B cjioBa OeAopa HnKOJiaeBH^qa 6en BHHMaHÍfl? EaBi tiu ne 
rasi! SL %iu% yroxBo roroBa nopy?BTBCfl, ^to ohi Bce ao Bpo- 
BieHBH noBaxB h sanoMHBXB^ botb noMflHHTe Moe cjdíobOi hto mvh. 
Om — XBTpHfi..: Ri ifaMameHBsi-TO Bamefl KaKi ciyM&TB noA^^xaiB! 
Ofia Bím% irlTJb euy sanperBia, "ítoÓh hh sa hto ae ciri^jii, oh^b 
H He noen y Bací bi aomí, a nooiymajiH 6ii, BaBini'B coiOBBeM'B 
y BacB sajuBajicji HaiieAHHCB, Aase nox^B OBHaMH HapOA'B co<!pajcfl 
cjymaTB! TaKi-to. MoserB, hhkxo ero Tasí xopomone snaerB, 
san Bj OTB HeHfl oh-b ne CBpHBanca... Bvepa Be^epoMx, BasB 
craja a TeieHBXii roBopsTB npo nerOi hto ohtb B^lpno x^b Oexopy 
HHXOjaH^y ymejn, Tas^B ona^BOirB laRise BaBB h bu xenepB:^ — 
^rxa eiiy^ ůbffiouj ^ypansy! flfinen y nero nirb... 

Osa CMOJiBJía. HoBaa mhcjiB) tijiecnyBrnaa kb ea yiri^, orpasH- 
ncB Bi ea rjasaxi^, soiopiie CBepsayjiH b% TevHorš, tohho y 

BOmKH. 

— Focnoxa! Yact ohi... 

Ona cxBaTHJia moio pysy h BpinBO cjsajia ee noxojiOA^BmHMH 
najiBi^aHH. 

<^ Bh Be sHaere... Bama MaMama HeoTBopxja niH4K>HBepBy, 
Be CMOTpijia — i^^jiii JH ero xesBin? Jl^a ^to aL. rx^ se aaif^B 
snaTB!.. BŽXB BII en^e MajieHBBaa h xyp^ ^R^ ^9 "^^o pa8(k>jrrajiacB 
C!B BaMH saxi d tiojiBmoB!.. noasajiyBcra, MBjeflfBxaa^ ne roBopExe, 
paxH Eora, HHBOMy! 

JI HBBOMy se csasajia, ho h 6en ueusL Bce orapujiocB. Co^bhhh 
onaceHifl cCBunab: bi norafinoirB an^HB^ MaManniHott nm^HBepBH 
He osasajiocB loro xomejiBBa, fb xóropoMrB xpaHHJiHCB nBaHym- 
xiHEi x^HBiv, H iiosHO ce6i npexcTaBHTB, BaBoff noxHHJicfl rBajm! 



I^&ibB foab poBHCBflBara HBaHyniBy h Borxa, HaBOHeAi^ xo- 
CTOBipHO ysHajiH, ^To offB cBpHBaeica vh fifíneBhjaíuoŘ hoxmo- 
ciOBHoB noxB ^ysHM!B BHeHeMi, na^ajocB cjiixcTBie nax^ hbitb. 
Qž^cme 8T0 x^ikiocb ji^thuitb. Oiei^^B nanrB xpeÓOBajii BEixa^H 
vpoxHBaro H cyxa Haxi homi, HMeHem saBona; xaxenBBa 6exop'B 
flnMaeBHH^B yi^^iiBan ero noxaynaHH h CBasanH. IlepBoe Bpeua 
BBxyMajrBHÍBUio noxaynHTB h maman apacHop^uBiiMi nocjia- 
Vb BOTopoiTB yiiojiaji-B ee csajHTBca naxi ero xopoirB h 
EbanymBi yciasxfti^ cjiyrB ctojih9híixi& asHiejiefi. Ilpn 
]^QlfL TaB'B :iOBBo JBCTHJ['B caM0JiK>6ÍH) CBoefi cecTpu H Tasí 



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56 fiftcrn&^b^sfipoi&i. 

HCsycHO saiporEBajii dcí ea cjiaóiui crpyHKfl, hto, Hosers Óhtb, h 
TpoHyj'B 6u ea cep^ite, ecjiHCsi HeiersM He xepeyjia ero npHJO- 
SHTB Ri^ aroiiy nmcbuy fjSBhvu^ BOTopuMH EBaHyniKa ocK^jniJica 

OMEA^tb, CHHTEfl HX!b CBOeiO CO($CTBeHfiOCTBX>. 

BosBpaqeHie btbx^b A^HerB tes^b ocBopÓHJO maman, ^to Bca 
efl xocaxa Ha d-devant 6jaseHHaro npo^yxeaacB fb ea xy^^ 
CB HOBofi CHJiofi. Oea Bepeyjia xswi ci nepaofi noHioS npHCMH- 

HyK) CyMUy Ch nHCBMOirB, BB KOTOPOITB ofiBABlflU, ^TO HOXHBteH- 

HSfl UBaHymsott ^^eHBre a^bho ysB BOsapan^eHU ex) no npHHax- 
je»H0CTH; 9T0 se xo nes Bacaeicfl, to oaa pasB nosepraoBaH- 
Haro HasaxB ho éepeiB. Ei> drony ona npHCOBOsymifljia ipeÓoBa- 
Hie ne ÓesnoBOHXB ee HanpacHiíMH npocBfiaMH o&h «HecHacTH0irB 
npecr)rnHH8Í>; ca^ACTBÍe eaxB hhm:b npOHBBOXHTca cbohmb nopax* 
fiOiťB H ocraHOBHTB x^ficTBÍe npasocyAÍfl hhsto ne bb csjíaxi* 

Mhofo oxothhbobb HamjiocB BocnojiBsoBaTBCfl BaTacrpo^ott cb 
EBaHymsofi, ^to6u boAth bb mhjoctb bb maman h sanaTB ero 
iťbcTO BB HameiiB fpui. UouMidim bb HanB hso bcízb Tpyo^otfB 
iDpoAHBue, (5jiaseHHB[e, xyp&BB h xypoHSH BCflBaro Bospacra; ho 
BB Twkhi CBoeMB Ha UBaHymsy maman cnimajia bck> aryyCoryio 
ýajraHry bb oxHy Byqy, pacupocrpansa CBoe ne^OB^píe a oispa- 
n^eníe na bc£xb (Josbhxb jno^efi óesB HCBJío^eHia. 

— IIpoTHBHH OHH MHŠ Bcl, — roBopHja OHa, BOP^a efi AOBja- 
AHBajíH, HTO npHmja BaBaa-HHÓyxB BpHBaa OexocBiomBa^ xpoMaa 

EHTOBHa HIH CrpaHHHBB EpitOJiaHHB. 

H BIfiCTO TOrO, YTOÓII HATH BB CTOJOByK) HIH BB X^BB^BIO 

BucjymsBaTB hxb fijiaro^ecTHByio nenyxy, ona npHBasuBajia nasop- 

MHTB HXB bb ByXflŽ H OTHyCTHTB CB BOFOMB. 

IIpoAOďsa^H nojiBsoBaTBca 6jiaroBOjeHÍeHB maman tojbbo Cyxo- 
py^Ba ffi, AniOBymBa, ho htí pasxpasajíH ee xenepB naroBopaiiH 
XpyrB Ha xpyra h nenpHMHpHMofi Bpasxoff. ^BHSHMaa xpHcriaH- 
CBHMB qyBCTBOMB, maman pimHjacB noMHpHiB ($osbhxb anoxett, 
ofiícanoMB CBOja hxb buícA h npanajiacB hxb ycoBŽn^BBaTB. Ho 
BpacHopš^qie ea nponajio a&POmb; npoBsomeiB cBaHxajTB, obohhhb- 
mifica tímb, ^to ÁHiOHymBa bx ea npHcyrcTBÍH otboiotha cbok) 

BenpiaxeJBHHI^ H, 0608BaBB BaBBlíB-TO HenpHJHHHUHB CJMOMX 

xosatf Ky AOMB, ropAO BumeiB, Bopia cbbosb sytiu, hto npa nepBOirB 
yAOÓHOMB cjiy^ai ohb en^ ne tbbb hxb o6íhxb OTA^jaerB. 

Gyxopy^Ba cnecM oÓH^y cb TaBHMB cMapeHÍeiCB, hto maman 
6ujia, xpoHym ao ciesB h noAapHja ett njbjíuŘ ysejiB BcasoB nea- 
HHHu, a ^To6ii orpaAHTB ee otb hobhxb HanaAOBB co cropoHU 
lopoABBarOy ona npHBasajia OAHOMy hsb HamaxB aaBeeBB npoBOAHTB 
ee Ao AOMy. 



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HS^ BOCnOMEIAHlI A^TGTBÁ. 57 

i 

Ho flpeAOCToposHOCTB ara ÓHJia HsíHinmia. ABTOHymBa npH- 
fjiĚSkjn xosaHaTB cboio conepHBi](y xpyrHM'B cnoco<k>m: owb crau 
cňfíib sa ea lueifiiHHniteil h nepeuft pacnycnijii no ropoxy 
cjyn otii mamHaxi Cohh^kh cb o^^ei^epoirB. 

3to ($uj% totb caMHfi oj^Hitepi, n aoroparo moa upíaiejB* 
Huta 6ujia BjiK)6jieHa emie fb nponuoirB roAy a sOTopsii RoaapHO 
i8iiÍHHj'B efi AJia Kymaxa. Ho cb ayiHiaxofi fíbáo ne Biirop'6jo, 
I n QXBHi npeapacBui jusEh o^ffUBfifřb ohstb o^yrajica yCoBai- 
naHxi BorB... BHOcaasaxejiBHO, BOHenaOi aa caaoifi xe f/ÍAi 
OHB nepaoe apena o^M^iBHBaáBCB Tonao BsrjiaAaMfl xft yJii6aaiiB 
apa BCTpiuTB fla ymoíb a kb i^epaBa; a ootomi y bbxb 6iuo 
c»xaBÍe FB caxy. Ofl% nepai^i lepes^B safiopi a npoópaiea ai 
BTB AOMBqr, yronaa no aojiltflo bi cb&bbuxi oyrpo6azi, no* 
qiiiBaBniax!B aycni a xoposaa craparo ca^a. Botb lyrB-iro a 
aoxaapayjBJťB bx^b AsTOBymaa. Ha apaa^B ero c6^6sajacB aca 
Japaacaaa xaopaa; cana 6apBiaa nepenoxomajacB a nocma caoa) 
BÍpHya> MapBH) AnApoBBy, yaaaxB bb ^eM^B x^o a ayxa aio 
dona rojOBy noóšauua Bdb A^aaa^ aasauB a jaaea? 

Oýaitepi ycn^^B capuTBca, ao BO-nepBHX'B MBoríe bbx&ib 
lavB OB^B nepea^teaji ^ep^i saCop^B, a ao-aropiixi cjrbjm ero b(h*b 
ocraiacB aa cfliry. ^loa&e aacaerca xo GoaaHaa, to oaa tasí* 
HOMepTBijia OTB ctpaxa a craxa, hto xaxe a ae nuiaaacB bii- 
paanca avB^aoriefi lopoAflBaro. PascaasuBaia, ^to oaa Óum tfxipta 
aaKB CM^pTB, HTo r^asa y nea óiyscjiaja aaai y tíesyiiBOfi. Ha- 
lajueB, aoBeiBOi xoópiia Aynia, aoropua nocnimajiB npexynpeABTB 
060 BoeM'B cjyaaBmeMca Cyxopyaay. JKaao posucaaja ee y BaaoS-TO 
(SxaroA&TejBBBipi aa apaa) ropoxa a wb BibcaoxBaarB cjiOBarB 
paaeaasuB, vb ^em x^o. Bosbb crapymaa lavB a saMerajiacB 
on Boaaeaia. 

— Áxb, oaa BeciacTflaa! Axi, oaaaaaaa! Botb a ee...ffiSTe 
qpoKB... yÓBB)! KaK'B co6aay y6BK), — noaiopajia OBa, saxHxaacB 

OTB 3JI0CTB. 

— HsypoxyerB oaa ee,— menraja fb tojqiš, oonpoaosxaBmett 
(Mau> erapymay bb ea xoMasy. 

Tojuia CB aasAOfi MaayToi yBejaiaBajiacB, aasxoMy xotšiocb 
MCittyipfoB, aaaib Cyxopy^aa 6yÁerB pacnpaaxaTBCfl ci nxeiiaa- 
Bo Bceotiaiiee jiK)6onuTcrBO (5siJ0 camiiiB BeosflxaaaHii^ 
oÓMaBprOi— HOsa xoxbjib sa ea TereaBaoS, xa noaa oaa 
CQBBHaa ycn&ut saxaopaaiia b nepeyjBaMB c&bmůn irb 




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68 isoTHm BBFOim. 

?fo nofom npoisonuo, a noMHio CMyrao. Mwk tfiuo oieHb 
SMKO CoHMsy, HO fl HníiTB He eirlja BiiKasaib Moe ynaerie s% 
Hefi; osa CA^^ttJiacB DpexMeroiii laBoro npesptHÍH, >ito paaysHaBsn 
001 Heft h:ih BootfQe saBiiii 6u to hh 6iijo i/tpBaoM% mm- 
pecoMTBCfl ea cyx&0oi caTaiocfc vh Bucmei cieneHH npeAocyxH- 

Ho H leienRy ea hheto He onpaBAUBajrby h bcí 6umu laioro 
HHŠHUiy Hxo Bon HaKtean ee sa saxHOCTB b% fpBhvuM% h »a 
liott awKi. O^Bi^epi pacnycTHJTB cjyx'E, ito ne npon seHHncH 
sa OoHB^K&,ecjn dosu crapynna xacn ei vb npE^anoe, BpoM i 
ipinon, nflnoon py6MeĚ x^H^raMH. H hhbto ne HaxoffUB 
npereBsú) o^Hi^epa Oe^mcyxHOtt h Heyxo6oHcnojHHiiofi; bcí BxpsrrB 
yiUffíjimch^ YTO AHTOHymBa HH^ero ho npaÓaBJUierB, yB^pu, hto 
Gyxopy«a Haionua h^^cbojibko thcavi^ pocroBnpraecTBOMi Hioaiy 
ocaoChhiih He(^roBHXHiiifH xbjíBmxaMH. Jl(a h Boo(!a(e, Cb xofi 
MHHyTH^ saKB HjeiuHHBAa noBBHyjui ee, npo CyzopyiBy ctajio 
BcnjHBaTB na csfin Eosil ctojbbo Hcropifi, tto bo bc^z^b no- 
pflXOíHuxi XOMax% ee nepeciaiH npHHHHaTB, a maman nociajia 
et csasaTB, hto raa ee bh^ítb He Moserb h hto6u ohb HaBor^a 
He CMi^a B% HBiTB flBUTBCJi. áHTOHymBa npoxojQBajrL CBOH no- 
Xbhtb: h paHBme ovb 6urh xocraio^HO HazajOHifc, lenepB se ohib 
Bass Ůjfjo saxajica hhcjbio xoBasHBaTB bcími h Baa^OMy, rto 
eny Bce cottxen cb pyBi> ^rro Aifl Hero saaoH-B ne nncan^ 
OxHaBOi HejiBSfl CBaaaTB, mo6u ohb x^ficiBOBajcB cobc&mi^ Óespas- 
cyxHo; HirB, bhxoabb ero ho 6iijih JuimeHH CBoei nim h cuicjia, 

— HpBCHOTpfeBHIBCB Vh HBMl, MOSHO 6h10 yBBXto, 9T0 8T0 ŮUJTh 

CBoero po^ npoiecrB MysHiputro cocjiOBif npoTHVB ÓapciBa. Cju- 
6mi%j CHHpeHHuz^B H aaÓBTEin cyABÓoi owh n^ajqin b Banaxaai 
na CHjBHHxi, sHaTHuxB H Coraxsxi; njeBai^B bci^íx^ m lasmeMyca 
Ha c!bpoi napt nom^Hettcrepy, spaun no niiyinBHOify h xao- 
najii pyBaMB) savB xpiiJBJíHH, nps noiBieniB ryÓepnaTopa, saiíaxH- 
BajiCB BBxajui naiBofi na apxiepea. 

Ho Ha BOTO AHTOHymBa Hanaffan (tb oco6eHHHHi ociepsene- 
Biembi 8T0 Ha jihitb ^yzoBHaro sBani. Hhumib nonaMii h HOiazairB 
OTB Hero HOJtosmejBHO ne 6djio Hpoxoxy> oh% hx% oóasaji^ 
Tflb TOJiBBO Hon. HaaoBem, rb oxbkb npeapacHut a^hb, ob% 
npo6pajECB vh moacMiŘ HonacinpB h y«HBjn lam Tasoi cbah- 
xan, iTO flryneHBi otfpaiBJíacB cb sajio((ei k% csoeny HawjBcrfiy, 
Boiopoe, BB emno ovepexB, craao ipeSosafiB mh cbítcboí BjacTH 
npBMÍpHaro h ÓesDon^axHaro HaBasamB ^yany. 

Ho na &bfj bi to BpeMB oTHomema Mes^y npeAcraBETejunra 

CBÍTCBOtt BJiaCTH B XyXOBHOtt, BaBl ÓUBaJO HOp^AKO Wh npOBHH- 



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031 BeCnOIHHáíltfi A'^TOTBi. 69 

* 

HOBsmi noBOAOMi Bx BpasAetfHOMy crojfRffOBeBiio. IIojieirHBa, nox- 
BSBinaflCfl H8% - 8a šero, 6bi ja Taai sjía, aAOBHia n npBXBp- 
^BBa, ^TO o6i Hefi ^^ojiro He iforjnt safSiiTB ropoxcsie otin- 

BITeiH. BCH) SBMy TOJbBO H p'69H (5IIJI0, ^TTO O JLOAKOC^SíTh, BOTO- 

piiDiH o^Hi^iajiBHBLui nyieui^ o^M^HHBajiHCb ryÓepHaropi cb apzie- 
peem asi-sa AHtOHyniBH. CyxBfia srroro nocjitxfi^ro sacijia na 
BOJOCK&: apxiepeS, npecjiixyji cbok> i^jib cb HeyTOifBMErx^ pse- 
men, noxBOffuii saKOBii caiiue crporie; ryf^epeaTopB, cb jierso- 
MneiieiťB cBircBaro ^evoBÍBa, roBopBjťB e HeBUiHaeiiocTH ftcjix* 
CTBÍe yHCTBeHHaro padcrpoflciBa; no ero iíhíhík)) AHTOHyniBa CcurB 
npeeio* ne vh CBoeirB ykt. 

— A eoiH cyiiaeflOíeAQiifi, xasB b% cyifacmexníit ffim ero, 
u i^íhb^ — TBepxHja xyxoBHaa BjracTB. 

— He Bc4 cyMacnieAinie CHjarB na ií*nH, — BOspamajťB ry- 
(Sq^Haropi. 

— 3a cwrroTaTCTBO KHyroirB HaBaBUBaKm h KjefiMarB, — ea- 
ciaHBan apxiepefi. • 

Ho ryÓepHaTopi He npesnaBajii cBHTorraTCTBOii'B oÓJittHoriB Ah- 
TOHymBH opoTEB^ MOflaxHHB H CB capvacTfl^iecBol yeMimROi hhck- 
B7HpoBaji'B, qTO eciíB npoHSBecni ciififiTBiej to nosajyi AETOHymsa 

OBMKICfl TOďBBO rpy^iUHOlTB, a He BJieBeTHHBOKX. 

Bo npesA6 n^wb x^ao xonijio ff> noJiHaro paBpaBa, bbhob- 
HnTB nepenojioxa BHesaHHo eaH^B qojvosh^ii npeX'6ii'B pacopi, nox- 
BflBineficfl HBB-sa nero, h ho xosxaBHiHCB oBOHtáHíii x'^m, p^rmish 
CM» cyni6j, HaBcerxa noBHHyFB nanra Bpax. 

HiBorxa 6oxhme ne BBJBJíacB na junufiTb h Hjoin^axflxi na- 
nero itqpoxa THaHuaa ^arypa lopoxHBaro ABTonymRi b^b podOBOMi 
xftxaii H vh Huan-fe, yspamenHofi afox^hh b cojioiroi; ho 8a to, savB 
paacsasiiBaiH, bb oxhomi nn xomhbobb, a^na^Hxcfl bi BaxojrfCtBifc na 
rq^s, nposBHJics, oroíio tofo se BpeueHH, creneH&Eifi crapR^oBi 

BB XJiHHHOnOlOM-B CIDpTyBÍ H Vb TeiUOlTB BapTySÍft Ch ((OJIBHIHirB 

HiBipBKO«&« PaHBme ero Tam ne BHXBBajiH, a nesxy "^^^^^ o^i 
onmcf Bymx^TejeiTB xoifflBa h Bceft npHJieraioB^fi Boapyri eexn. 
QesrtcTBO) SHBOfee lyn, cociroflao h^b v6cbojiibbh^i aeHn^tí^B h 
Xhtel pasHaro Bospacra. í^hii^hhbl bth o6paii^ijincB oo ctapn^- 
mn oneHB noHTHTe^iBHO h HasuBajiH ero xflxeHBBofi, a x^th — 
jíkKfBOĚ. CoeixH SHajiH ero noxi HMeHe&rB AnroHa BacEJiBeBHHa. 
Abtokb BacHXBeBHHi pa3Beii'B 5ojiBmofi cax'B BOBpyrB xoMa h 
oropox'B. H t^m^b, h xpyrHM^B oh'b saHHiiajictf TasB tox- 
erapaTejBHO, vro y nero Bcerxa paHBine, nim y xpyrHxi, 



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60 BMTim KBHUIH. 

BOcniBEu flroAu h owomfí, Boropue ueflaiui ero oeiiBB craesB bh- 

IHWBO OÓHBBUCB Ba 6$Mffb. 

noroBapBBajB vh ropoxiii hto lopoxvBiift AaroBymBa b cie- 
neBfliiB ffluoBJĚdkfíbAen^h AflTOB'b BacBueeBn oxha h ra se juh- 

BO^; BO MaJO XTO BlOMy BipBJl* 

A HBBByflna? 

dwTh B0B9Bn ua^eBAO. KaKB bb saju^aBan AixeBBRa 6e* 
ffifřb HflKOiaeBBn BpoBypopoBi b crpaB^iBn, bbbi bb OTBapiuB- 
MÁ% o&bffiMM ch maMBaBCBBBi B apBiBBBHMB cTepjuixiiiB Dpex* 
dxaiejei b xpyran BjacTB BHya^Bn, o^eaBO, n bobi^-bob- 
vfivb Bce-TasB bpbbuocb ycryBBTL cmjA BasoBa. 

Docj^xHee ero BBCbMO rB maman y mcbi nepexi rjasanB. 
Bi Bern pftu BAen» o BMjAffmb^ xocraBnieMca bitb on aaBoi-To 
o6fl^eB TerymBB. IIbcbho Basacaao fjbMOWiwb b cxepauiBBiurB to- 

BOMX| BO Vh BOfll^ ero BpBBBCaai BpaCBOptHBBO CBBX&ieiBCTByK)- 

Buui o TOMi, BavB 060CTPBJIBCB Measxy hbmb OTBomeaia cb rtn 

OOpBy BaVB OBB Ba^aJB CCOpBTBCa BdfB*8a HaaByBiKB. IIpBBOsy 

BpBBBCsy Biy uíbjíuwvh: 

«npB)[iTe npB oeiTB hob BOB/qMkBjeBiii cb noMxoS, oxepsaH- 
BOfl Bax> BamBBi BOBopBiftBOBi cjyroi. PaBtfBTH MCI BB nyxi 
B Bpaxi BamBiTB n — bomi; pasÓBni b yBAHioseBii. Ha Bponuott 
nefíbA BaBK) BaaoBaia vh saBxajiH b orapasBiB vh CatfBpB. 
TojBBO BpaxB JB OBB xofix^TB Tyxa, Tasí BasBy BO ysipe* 
bík) BcizB AORopoBB, BOTopiUTB fl BOBasuBan erO| y šero 
^azoTBa Vh CBJBBOĚ creoeBB. Bapo^eM^i jmui mobb 8to ne 
BOBOCTB9 B Hory CBaaaTB bo Boefi OTBpoBeBBocTB, hto xaByn a ero 
XÍjo bo B8B-8a CBoeB BOJBBii (rojooB y Bero yjTB roxa xaa bbbb 
Gvan BpoBBxim), a xu loro exBBcnieBBO, 110611 Be ffxh emy 
yiiepeTB bb ocipori, flOiOMy no, xoia aasie b — bo b BSBome 

OfolIBaTB MOBB BeCBOCBOfi B OBBOBOt BJUIIBOS BOlTOpBBBIUt, OXHaBO, 

<^PXi^ y HBCB ae coBC&iTB saBaMOBijiOy BasB y MBorarB bbí 

BflaBOMHXB CBfllOBn B tfBTOIOKB*. 

BaBoe BBOUTjribBÍe spoBBBeJO sa mamaa bto bbcbmo, b Be 
BBaK^. Meaa xiumo yxe oraesiB bb BflCTBiyn, Borxa obo Óbjo 
nojyvesOy a bobbjo obo ubí bb pyBB mbofo At% CBycra nocii 
ea CBepn. 

H. ClBlPBHl. 



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MHPHHE 9nH30JI,H 



181 



BOEHHofl mms. 

BOiCK-B KOFn70Á rKHBPÁIVIBfiTERÁHTÁ I^HM MBPM AHA. 



V. MycyjiBiiAHCsiff mip'^'''), 

(htfn Hunm anomeMii n Tjpiam. — Oincane vrb xoMaoraeisisnt.—- UpsoiH^ 
BMTOfl n Hxi yiiCTB6BHom pasBarÍK. 

BecB CHJHcrpificsiS caH^acairE, sa HCuio^eHieMi ÓJiHsaltmHrL 
n CuHcrpÍH xepeBeHB, saceieHi Óhjtb HaroMeraHami — ^nepsecaiiH 
I TjrpiaMB. 9THorpa$HHecRÍi OHepirs nepBHrL Ha(SpocaHS mhod 
n oco($om OTA£jrt| Kacaion^eMca soenearo Ómm, sjííkcb se hh 
(ywn roBopHTB tojibbo o Typsaxi. 

BoBcRa 14-ro apMeficaaro sopnyca ciajKHBajiHCB cb hhmh 
Beoia pijPM>; lypsn shjih na OKpaHHaxi Toro npocrpaHCTBa, 
mqpoe HaxoxaJiocB fb c^pi Hamero amaifl. 

nepaaa cb hhhb exBaTBa npoHBomjia bb aarycrt 1877 r. 
ip oxHOt Mffb xepeBeHB oxpyasaioiivrB Micre^KO Myca6ei. Torxa 
unuyemift mhok> orpa^^B npHspuBajix npaButt ^jaerB rjaBHofi 
smaBMf jKJtuoíBmeŘ HatiftrB kb cToponit BasapASHica noxi na^ajB- 
oion renepajix-ax^iOTaHTa Maesea. 

j(ia opnpBTifl ÓOBOBoro xamaema Hamefi MajeHBBofi sojioHHUy 
lOMi, B!B CBOK) oiepexB, 6hjh nocjiaHii He($0JBniía naprÍH j»Jíie 



*) Git moĚK airycn, 445 crp. 

- " * Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



62 BMTHIK^B BBPOnH. 

B-B sanaxy, ki (5jBsafiiiiHMi xepeBHflMi— Caifypjra is EapuuMa- 
rapa — c^HTaBmBMCfl xase cpe^e uycyjbutLWb pastfofiHHqbHMH rette- 
xaMH; OTTyxa suxoAnm mafixE ceeptnux^ rpa5HTejett, Koropiie 
6en pasóopa HanasajH m Ha xpHcriaHi^y h Ha lyposi, KaK'& pas- 
CRasaHO 6yAen mhok) b^ CBoeiťB m%ctí. PasÓofiHHBH bth ne sa* 
MexjHJH BCTyHHTB vb 6oi CB BoaaicaiíB; ho BCBopi 6iLiH HMH apo* 
rnaHu, a na nyrn npecjtixoBaHia 0T6mu njŠHHiie CBJígaHHiie 
dojirapu, nperoTOBJíeHHHe kb noBtmeHuo, ci BepesBaiiH na me^. 
CBBepHufi (SesHOcui TypoirB, na soroparo Boasosena 6uívl xojix- 
HOCTb naiaw, nonfm n qjAhi buícA ob xpyriHH pasÓoffHH- 
saMH; OHI Bejrii (ojrapi sa bohi^ei BepesKE. 

KaB-B oÓpaxoBaacji KOiiaHAHp'B Bosa^quiro nojsa, BorxacxBarKa 
BTa xft^a npaBO na penpeccajÍH; HeMexJieHBO otÓhti 6uj[i HaMH 
Tatfyni jiomaxefi c^pofi Macrn, npHHaxJiesaBmiS rbwb x^pesnairB, 

B8l BOTOpUXl BtlOKV 8TH frailCS tíreHTS: HOJm Hir&I-B MHOPHXX 

oÓesBOHeHHux^ B03aB0B'b, a no npaey boShu, namiMH saRoiraMH 
npexocraBjeHHOHy BOManxBpaH^b BoaaiBHx^B hojbobb^ saxBa? aue 
Bi BoeHByio fp6uiy Ta^ynu hijh na noMepaBame 6oeBOi bx7» 
cHJiu, Bci^Kh sa Ta6yHaMH fiescrpaniHO hbhjhcb bb HairB h& 
6HByaB'B TypBH h otiiBBHJH, ^iTO OHH SBByTB Vb xpyrHX'B xepeB- 

HflXX, Vb CXBBTB^ BC y^BCTBOBajH, HOHeify H HpOCHJH BOBBpaTHTB 

EiTB npBHaxJiexaBniyio hm^b ^bctb Ta5yBa. 

HflHTOSHoe 8T0 caMO no ce6i oficronTejBCTBO yBasHBaen, KaRi» 
ciJBRa Óoia Bipa vb iiHpojnoéie e cnpaBexJiHBOCTB pyccsHx*^ 
BofiCBi. Xopomefi arofi cjaB^mi oÓBsanu 6ujik naniBirB fftúp^wh 
cúQÍbffm% Taiapaiii: rMBapB hxi— MypaiarB MocjytiaeBB— ne paax 
Ehwh poBTopux: bíctb o Bameui BejiBBOxymiB mh pasHeoeirb 
XP caniixib ciíhi EoHCiaHTHHonojfl, — e, BarB Basercs, xoCpo- 
coBtorno, HacBoxBBO MorB, bshojhbii cboo oti^n^ame. Mh {nM^SLXB 
BTBM^B lypBaMi i^ijutt BOCEBB jtoHiaxefi, BOTopufi coaaBiEXB exaa- 
JIH ne ipeiB Tatiynai ho Bu6pajiH bsi nero cb Hxib se corjiaciA 
Bi HoaBsy nojBa ceMB HanÓoiie peTflBiix'B Jiomaxelt. Ha nyrH k% 
utery cocpexoToienia orpiuoBi — xep. ?o6aH'B-EoH)cy— bxojb yaaott 
AiHHH^ft 6awH pastfpocaHH ÚujkB BpacHBue, mxbxbm croiBinie 
TypeiMúe xyropa. flpn npoidjiib lepen hbxi bc£ ceiiBB, sa Hciun- 
WHÍem Bapocjiuxii xeHntEBX, Bu&bruu b-b naMi na Aopory, 
HTotiu ii08ÍBaTB na ÓuctpuíŘ xoxb bojohhiii coBepmeHBO xasx, 
BaBi BHĎiiraiorB EVb cbobxb xarB BpecrBflne pyccBHxi xepeBeoB I 
npi npoxiuvb boScv^b. EoBai^H xjbhbhiih cboemh noBaMH ycepxHo 

OrrOHBXH OTB BOJOHH^ XOManiHH)ID HTimy, (SOBCB BipOflTHO HCSy- 

meHÍtt, a Typsa hhbbo h ycepxHO BxaHiUHCB. 

Bojite tf jBBBoe sHaBOHciBO CBOJiB MU ch HHMH yse BOX^ I 



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HflPHHB dnH30AIiI H31i BOSHHOfi SHSHff. 63 

víEBUh xaMnaHiH, uocjA (5a8apx;BHBCRaro A^ia, sor^a BaBSjíepitt- 
ade noaBH BuxBHHyrH (5ujih BttepexB na xeiiapRai^ioHHyH) jibhík) 
npaniBi BapHH h pasii^CTHiHCB 00 Typei^RHirB xepeBHflBTB. IlpH- 
61UH MH vh HHiTb laca B% ffi^ hoih, nepe^yXHJH bc^xi sHTe- 
lel, BOfopne b% xjrHHyio diy Bjonj cpexii TyMana, tfšrajia rb 
pasHiia CTopoHH, He AoraAUBajiCb, oisy^a BaxBHHyucB na hiix'^ 
0ix& B BejiBBa m osa? 

3Bafl peBBBBHfl OTBomeHifl TypoBi Kh CBOBiťB asenairB, mki, npesxe 
rtMi pasoftniCB no xonaMi, npexjiosBJíH CTBecTB Haii^B ai^iuiB- 
HHe sBapraJiiii ^to6v iforas ohb BusecTB oiryxa cbob rapeiiu, 
H TOJBKO no OBOH^anifl nepecejeHifl npespacaaro bxi nojia saBajiB 
yiasaBBHe naii-B AOMa. Bcwp^ sanoiLHBJíBeB ohb MysnaaiiB, 
xoiopiie, He AOSHjiaflCB namex^B npocBÓi, crara ycepxno npBCjy- 
SBBarB — HOCBTB BOAy, ApoBa B upo?., B BaiiiTB HH 6nMB npH- 
evoTp&uicB Kh HHiTB yse no BaHaiiB CBJíBCTpiflcBaro caBxautsai 
Tjifbj vAKh cKasaHO fiujo Bume, xpyscHO nec^iH ci hhmb ně xepeB* 
HfifB xosopHyH) cjiys6y. 

TasBM^B oÓpasoMi HamB CHomeBÍa cb lypBaira 6iijib orpu- 
BOUHH B HexojairH, ho ohb ocraBBJH bi aaci xotfpyio naiuiTB no 
eBOHJTB cBHnaTBiHuiTB CTopoHau^B B opflFBHaAHOMy CBjaxy. 



OcraHOBBMCfl noRa na pyóesi HaM^qeHHuxi HaMB oiHomeHÍt 
B^eicB Kopnyca renepajia Il^HMBfepHaHa ci lypicaiiB Bocro^^aro 
^^UHra, fl wAwb^ npes^e ^^mi nepefiiB kb BdJoaceHiH) xtxi 

■ftCTHHX^B BHiepeCOBl, BOTOpKO CBBBUBaJIB BO - e^BHO MycyJBHaHB 

I xpHdiaHi CBJíBCTpificBaro caHAsaBa, nocrapaeMCfl CA^aiB xon 
^aTBÍfl OHepBx SB8HB BTOFo MajioB8B%cxHaro MBorBiTB MycyjB- 
BaHCsaro Mipa no oiHomeHiio vh lypsaMi. 

BH^niHÍfi o6jniB'B lypoKB mu yse o^epiBJíB hb npexHiecTByx)* 
cxaTBflxi, a lenepB BOCHOMCfl bxi xyxa « xonamfleft ssaiiB. 

JiHHHoe xocTOBBCTBO, HecTHocTB B BsaBUHoe yBasome cociaB- 

BHXaiODÚBCfl BXX HpaBCTBeHHUfl Ba^OCTBa, BOTOpiIfl B nopo" 

hmucb Vh ceiiBX). Bb ^bx% MycyjBMaHCBHrB lafiHBBaxi Haní 
m npBHuocB noitiiiBaTB; ho cjramaTB bxi ceiceBHiifi pasroBopi b 
Muoraoe oópan^enie uesoBi^ ceneScTBi^ npBxovuocB lacio vb 
«ÍEB xepeBencBBxi fflUBXhy soropse nocrpoesH bi xBa araoa. 
BIft BHXB HBSBifl BTasx saHBiíaeTCfl BCBiDuxeJiBflO ceMBefi, a aa- 
ws/xj ycrpoBBaercfl BynaiiBafl— npienHue hobob. JlerBÍi cbbobsl- 
wiĚ Bon pa^s&uerrB btb OTasB h nepee^B ero n^en npoxoxBTB 
fOBoprB Tasi^ se, bbb-b b y 6ojirapB. Ewtfíb ne npBxoxB- 

■■& CJHmaiB B8BB8rBBaHÍĚ BBAOpHHXl (5a(Sli BJB tfpaHUB- 



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64 BfiCTHHKX SBPOOH. 

iuTh cjion Hysefi; sh8h& le^ers HopnuirB a npo^HO ycraHOBJíeH- 
nuwh lepeAOiťB bi bthx'^ lattHERaxi. 

3xOpOBUfl ETh fihBj RpaCHOn^esifl, CHJIBHIIfl, Ch BOJUtfeJIH, Tas^b 

csasaTB, npiy^eHHBfl kb iipuH?ÍH> h yBaaseHÍio si crapniHiťE, 
pisBflTCfl CB060XH0 no yjiHi^airB xepeBen h ropoxoBi. ^^sii 
BOBpacn y Typoxi nepexoxRi^ xueso 8a npex^Jiu HasHa^eHHnzrB 
eMy jAvh; Kas^iift A^hb 3% TypeuKoirb BBapraji^ Ghjihctpíh mosho 

6VU0 BHX^TB IS-J^THEXl H CTapniHXl BOSpaCTOBTb lOHomefi, BOTopue 

HrpaJiE H pfidBHJHCb KaKB Majiiifl x^th: nycicajiH no B^rpy bo9- 
xyniHHe shíh — jno^HMas 8a6aBa lypeitBofl MOJioxesH — b npiiraJiR 

BO OROnaiTB BpibnOCTH. Cb&BÍA BX'E JEI^a, C% BpyrJHMH BpaCHBLMH 

miesaMH, oÓpaHxeHHUHH nymsoMi, hocejih lasace x^tckoo Bupaace- 
Hie; saM^THO Óemo, ^to bh bbho, he noi^^JiyH noni^niBX-B senn^HH^ 
He ocBBepsfljiB ETh noJHBix'B ry6i, xasi bto tocto BCip^^aercB 
vh HaniBX'b rycro BaceaeHBux'B i](eBTpax'B ch HeonepBBmeH)Cfl en^e 

MOJOXeXBK). 

Bm^ct^ ci ycaMH TypoBi npío6pÍTaerB creneflHyH) ocansy h 
BaaRHOCTB. Tom se npEJia^íx h b^sjbboctb hh kb saBOMi bob- 
paeii ero ne noxflAaen; xoxotb^ pfiaBÍfl bpbb^b, CB^icBÍfl rphb- 
jHEba— se xonycBaK)TCB. YB^peEi^ 9to EBn^ifi aypoBi, saBi h 
EcnaneiiX) ci aoctobectbomx npoTxrBBaji^b 6u pyxy sa noxasHÍeiiXy 
eciE 6u TasoBse tbmx nonaxajiBCBi eo btoti Bpafi ouiEnajica ÓJiaro* 

COCTOflEÍeil!B. 

Rto ^ErajTE onEcaEÍe sesbe apobsexi nepcoBi e xopomo 

OBEaKOMEJICil Cl 6llT0M'b EilB^mEEXl xypOBl, TOTl, BOEe^EO| He 

Majio 6iii'B nopasoHi cxoactbomi TpetfoBaEÍff b% xonamEen^b boc- 

EBTaHÍE OÓOEXl 8TEX'b EapO^OBl, XOTfl XeCflTBE b1(B0BI yjierjECB 

Mesxy HEME. TypoM, Baxi e ap^beíS nepcii npoBexmifi cbok> 
MOJOxocTB npfl XBopi cfiOExi i^apefii OTjLEiaercfl bucobbmi tohoitb 

npEJflÚl E nopflXO^HOCTE. ^ETBE HBSeupBBexeBHBUl CTpOBE BdTh 

«REponexifl», noxjMaemB, oto ohe cnEcaHu ci 6uTh HiiHÍ^niBExx 
lypocb: «H Tenepb eme^ — imnierB KceHo^OHrt — ecxB y hex^b, 
(nepcoBi) CBBXiiiejiBCTBa exi yirlpeBHOCTE bi BETaHÍE e nepoBa- 
pEBaHÍE Toro, ^im obe nETaiOTCfl. y nepcoBi, HanpBiiipB, e eo 
flacTOEEiee BpeuE cHEraerca HenpEJE^HuirB EJieBaTB, cMopBaTBCH 
(e t. X-)- Ho ^^^^ OBK ^^ MorjE 6u KkMTby ecjE 6u se yno- 
Tpe6jiBJE yMipeHEofi nEB^r ejie ynpasHefliflME ne noHoraxa 
MORport BacTOJBRO, vtoúu OBB Eiri^ja xpyrofi Ecxoxi. 3to mosho 
cxasaTB o bc^xb nepcax'B» b t. x. 

9té o6wsbsl cyn^ecTBOBajEy no FepoxoTy, e y mexaei; y nocjri^- 
HETB ocEOBHBaiflCB OBE HB pexEnosEHxi EaHBJíaxiy EpoxnEcaH- 
HHxi SeExaBeciofi. 



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MIFHHB dniBOAU ITb BOIímOJl ZH8U. 65 

,2(peBHk arH CBHX&iejiLCTBa xftiorb Hai^ojše lO^Hoe noHniie 
001 oÓn^esBTejiBHOiťL toh-í BUHŠmHHn Typoirb. 

BMJtex^ ci TOHOM'B npHjiHHÍfl sEHecjH ofiH B3X CBoero AUb- 
Haro BOCTOsa h lyBciBO CTUAraBocxH: cecrpu muoceiiufl roBopHJiH, 
110 lyBCTBo 810 ne noRHAajo bxi h apn caiiux^b cubhúxs crpa- 
/juása^h Wh paHx. Hhbto hsx hhx'b ne ofínaasaji DepeA'B hhmk 
CBoero T^a, hoitb uh pysi, a noxcTasjífljrb x-ks nepeBjíBBH oxhh 
102BX0 TiqaTexBHO oByTaHHUB 6iJiBeM!b paHH. J!Ij)eBHflfi Bsu^ecsafl 
qsBBíHBaiúfl He BHecjia bi shbhb eBponefiCRHx^E HapoAOBi btofo 
noxBajBHaro nyBciBa: pHMcm líaipoHu, Rasi h reiepci, xoahjih 
nojyo^HaseHHHfl h jífixe uoíbomjlu cefířb hochtb na mei^ ciťlxua 
no Ejífiíb H BunojHenÍH) BMtijeMu njOAopoAÚi. 

He TaKOBi TypoKib vb CBoefi HacTHOfi sh8hv, Bcerxa npHJiHHHo 
oxiniifi, OTHOCHienHO ROCTioMa xeBm^Kb owb Bxaercfl bi xpyryH) 
spafiBOCTB— OByruBaerb ee bck) vh ^axpy, sa HCsuoHeflieirB oahhx^ 
nflTOKi, y Bcix^ o^Haa&eHHUxii. 

nKaHCTBa, o(5aKopcrBa npocTO^K)AHB!B-TypoB'B He snaeri; H-ira 
rapeMHOft ssbhh eiiy xaRse Be SHasoiia; ohx exHHOseHeui; ao6- 
pus se ero aa^ecTBa — yMÍpeHHoaB h nopa^OKi — Aaiora cMy 

fiOBMOSHOCTB, AOBOXBCTByaOb UaJIUMl, HCnOAOBOlB CKOIUflTB ^eCTBOO 

(SiarococTOBHie. 

HsAaJB MOSHO SaM^THTB vk CiaCTXHBUe OaSHCKT, no BOTOpSMX 

paseexeHu lypsE — Hsxaxe cpexH sejieHH caxoBi spacHŠion nepe- 

BBlHiia BpumH HX^B yiOTHUXl AOMOBl. 

Typu He HH^iorb noHflTia o npflHBSHŠ yjtHi^B, h exsa jh 
vsTMjcb HX'B He 6ojAe paipoHajieHB: coíHi^e xaerb Bce, htó HysHO 
jm 3AopoBBfl H 6oxpocTH leiOBŠBa— TeuO| cyxocTB H CB^rB; no- 
mmj Bcb jBBJUfl KOMHaiu y hhxi o6pan^eHu oRHaMH bi nox- 
coneHHofi CTopoHŠ, a na cÍBepi BuxoxflT^B oahh s^ahía cdjioih* 
HU CT^BH. BiiÓBpafl A^fl nQcxpofiBB ycaABfo yiorniie npnropBH, 
eeiecTBeHHO, hto ohh ne Horyn pacnoxaraxB AOMa cboh npBMBtMH 
BO niBypy npoTBHyTSMH jhhíbmh. yjim^u hx^b bbiotcs BaB'B bm^h, 
10 ciyaKBBaacB, to pacmBpBflCB; xanenB - niHTHBsx paB^pocani 

MOťTKk ÚSBZb CTŠHX, BSaiíiHl TpOTyapOKB, H Ha 8TH Se yjIHI^BL 

BBtfpacuBaeTCB nenej['B b Apyria ne^HcroTH ABopoBHxi nocrpooB^B; 
ciOBoiTB, SHByrB OHH BsrjuKAaMB, npoTHBOHOJOSHBUfH HameMy spe- 
AiHCZBy: y nou^AHaro BnyrpenHÍfi ABopi p6abo 6HBaerB cyx^B 
E onpiieHi, caifHB xaTii aaso y Óoraiuxi BpecTBaH'B i^enrpajiB- 
ISTB rydepBÍft sbmok) nepenoJHflK)TCfl hphhjioaomi CBora h onei^i, 
ift 10 Bcerxa pac^nniieHa h BUMerena yjHi^a Ójíhsb oboh^ h sana- 

%o HOJiesH^e h npiflTHie a^b sbshh — p^maiB xpyAHo. 

iBHerB CBOH) HOTy no lony rojocy, BoropBifi Aua eiiy 

T<«-CBBTaBrB, 1882. S 



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66 noimn ibpouh. 

npHpoxa, H^no mhíhík) Hoeicy, He ci^xoBajio óu o^Braarb lypoKB 
vh nOBasBHofi hcihctotí, ne Hsy^HRb noApoÓHO htb Eops^soBi 

FB SH3HH. 

BofiXHie BO XBopi TypBa h hhu upTEsa npeAcraBETCii MinHxi 
rjasam— KapiHHa nopsAU, toctoth h aomobhtocth. noGMorpire, 
Ch sBxsíWh TOjnoBiiirfc pasc^eioirB aa xoM^pn BuxBíHyjrB ohii 

Ch KpmnH HaB^CB HaffB 6aiS0H0irB Cb SpaCHBO OTTO^ieHIUIH BOIOH- 

BaMu; Raxi saMaHiHBo saT^Heonb tfajisoETB co^hoh) rycioK) xacmm 
losHHZi AepeBBeBTB; BaB'B uctb b yfierB jqiop-B h cb Kaioio sa- 
6oTjiBBOCTBK> npojioseHH no HeiťB nraposia iuhtii xu npoxoff 
xosfleRi Mea^y nocrpofiBaicH. Bce ajitcB npocTo, h rb to se apexu 
Bce npe^orcMOip^HO xu Toro, ^to6h sacnosoBTB Biax&iBiteBi^. Boft* 
XHie lenepB vh soMHaiy,— xosairaB titean h^b nea otb npH&rase- 
Hífl Boficsi^. no BceMy BBAHO, iTo 810 efo soHaipuu. BsrjuHiTe, 
xasi H sxtcB BO BoeMi nporjiflXUBaerB B^paBiifi x^peseHcsitt bok- 
ýopix: y nicra BHBeAeHHna hedih bi CTŠHaxi f^xm bosuoshoctb 
nocTaBHTB MueHBKÍe msann x^ npexneroBB nepBofi norpeÓHOcni i 
npBBpuTB Hxi xBepAaMH UH BaHaBicBam; xJia AHBasoBi Bospyn 
ci4h% noAHflTH nojoi, ravB ^nt) xoboaho natipooiTB Ha narB jiersíe 

TlO^SHi HTOÓH 06paTHJIHCB OHH Vh yHXTHOe JOSO. BOJBDIOĚ KaMHHl 

xaerx cexiejid lary Boa^y^a; xepeBflHHiia ctíhu, ho CMorpá na bi^i- 
iiyB) BexxocTB, ÓJiecrarB uctoh) noBepxHOCTBio h HSxaHirB npiflTHutt 
jierBitt sanaxi xpoBecHHXi nox^ovB. Uoau nospiim wcteimh bob- 

paHHy no BOTOpHlCB XOAHTB OHI, CBHHyBl ly^JH. 

nepecrynEiTB TenepB CBsn^eHHHi noporB nycyjBicaHCBaro rHHe- 
Bea. Pacnojosenie BOHHarB Tose; ho Bame BHHicaHie neBOJiBHO 
ocranoBErB na ceói rponaxHHi mmirb, saHiiiaion^itt AO(Spyx> "laciB 
yrja soMnaTH; ABopipi ero otbputei — owh nycn. TIotb ne xenie 
BHaienie ero Bejraso fb oiHomeniH rHrienEi — vh hoitb h^kojibbo 
pa^B Ha A^HB coBepmaHyrcfl o6oHMB.nojiaMH Tn^uenHua OHOBema, 
BOTopna noToiTB 0T3BiBaH>Tcx Ha BceiTB MycymiaHCBOirB o6fliecTBÍ. 
9to exHHCTBeHHBft vb Mipi HpocTOiioxHHi, HO ociaBiaionúfi BOspyrB 
ce6fl, Ójaroxapa CBoeB ^iHCTonjiOTHoerH, HEKasoro sanaxa— HEjenie 
p^XKoe VB sisHH xpynix^B pacB. Mni npHxoxHJOCB ne pan no- 
cšn^aTB TypeI^da sasapui, Tuyphmi h jiasaperti, h HHrxt a ne aairi- 
^an cnepraro mh Boo^qe xasejiaro suoro BOBxjrxa. 

TaKse paipoHaiBHO pacnoiosem csoraHe capaH vb vrh xy- 
ToparB. BoBBeffiiEu ohh m tojcthxi KaneHBeBi, BOTOi^m bi 
Typ^ÍH Bcerxa vh HBotfHJria mosho nafiin noA% pysoD. ConAHui 
wa crbuu npHcrpoeHH HenocpexciBeHHO B!b saxnei croponš xyropr 
CBOro xona, cb buxoxoitb hsib nero npaMO BHyrpB capaa, xan 
iTO xoBaBHy xocTaxo^Ho BiinanyrB hbi XBepei xoHa, yto6h j&b- 



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IHPIHK 9ni30Aa K3'B BOIHHO8 SH3EH. 67 

xmcfl vh uo^fjA H ycMOTpiprB ejsaei CRora. IIpo^Hiie ctoji6h 
iroxxepsHBaiorB xopomo noBpiiriiH cojiouok) spuma. CsoTHoa pas- 
l^eHa na MejiKÍa naprÍH, h Basx&fl napm nwberh cboh saHen- 
fou HJ8 njereHiiiH nocraBJíeHHiiJi na no^ii hbbkui acjH| osojio 
BOiopHX^ ona h pacnojiaraerca fb RpyrosyK). GapaH ara laisi 
Beiiuui, ^To Horyn BM^n^iTB wb ce(% xo 100 mrysib h Úojrbe 
spynnaro poraiaro csora n wxyn euy ydlsan^e— leiuoe, yjsymoe 
Xju lasAaro Bospacra. ^HJiiia npn hhxi noM^n^eHÍa om^aiOTCfl 
eeoÓmetaOBeHHOK) hhctotoh) h nopnAKom, a BpHmH npowocTBH). 

CaoBoiTB, nocrpofisH bx^b aaiTB bb iacTflX'B^ laiTB h vb oóinfiu^ 
uaffl CBHAŠTejn»CTByK)rE o pa^ioHaxI)HO]rB noHEmamH uji&Kb h 
yxo6cTBB SB3HH H yBa8iiBaH)rb Ha coisxHoe paBBHxíe sApftBaro 
exucjia. 

Oč ^tepeBHflMl XOSflHHB-TypOKB, OrOpOSeHHiltt co BCŠXl CTOpOHl 

BenpoHHi^aeMOfi bhcoboS criHofi, tfojiLineiD lacTBH) njiereHoft hbb 
JOBU H o(5Ma8aHHaB xojiCTEiirB czoem i^eiieHTOBaHHott rjHHu cb 
qiiHM^B BopoxoMi ROJnoHaro lepna na Bepxy, ^yBCTByen ce6a bb 

CBOeiťB MaJieHBSOHB BJiaA%HÍH TaSHlTfc se CaiCOBJíaCTHHirBy BasB 
;^BHÍft 6apOH'b BB CBOeiTB SaMBt HIE COBpeMeHBHĚ aHriHiaHHHl 

n CBoeMi AOHŠ. ?acTHHi ^eiOBŠVB He ptomca HapymHTL aia- 
xirejiBHiixB ero npaBi, h HysHO coBepmoTB sasoe-iHÓc RpynHoe 
npecTynieme, ^to6u nesBanHofi npotfpajiacB KfB HOMy nojiHi^ía. 

BcryiueniK) bb ero Bp^nocTB npexníecTByiDrB oeroposHae ne- 
peroBopii ci yjHiQi; foctb %peffB nperpaxu BussiBaerB caa^aia 
xoBSHHa B8B AOMa; TOTB BuxoxHTB H BCTp^^aeTB eit) y nopora 
pacTBopeHOi BajnrrBH b, sapy^HBiuHCB sejiaHÍeirB ero not^HBaxB y 
lero BTB rocTflxii bboahtb bb iipíeMHyH)*BÓHai^yH). 

Easws xepeBHH Hněten CBoe o(kD[ecTBeHHoe dffme x^a nacT- 
mixi co<$paHÍft — bo^Bhh, coxepaunfua <$aiBineK> lacrÍK) o6íahíb- 
mmiB TypBaMH. Ro^ xo^hti bb BpyroByn) Mes^y heoih BsaMÍHB 
nea hjih boxbb; latfasB, x&se bb uhbidbxb copraxB 6en bcaboS 
wmm, BypHTCfl MajieHBBHMn n^enoTBaiíH, ne coAjsfia no crfenaicB h 
m npoBBBOXfl ocrpofiy yxynuHBoi rapn; BaifESB xanerB bcbbíě ho- 
vemt rasrB; h yitipeHHiii TyposB bxoabtb bb bo^Ihk) ?hcto- 
ooíHHfti aBBypaiHO ojiíbmĚ. IIpoxo^arB xoxríe nacsi bb hxb npia- 
fCTwagixx 6e<^AaxB| a Boaxyxi ocraerca TaBHMB se cbíshitb aaai 
1 B% noai. — 3th oficroaTejBCTBa, ops oC^asaHEOcm HaujiB- 
nepexOBoft ^acTH coCapaiB Bcb rb cb^híb, Boropiia vb 

MBHyry TOJIBBO H KOSHO ÓSUO X0($HTB CIOpOHOH) H8B 

(SeeixEi CB TypBaMH, — h xobbojujih npoBOxicrB xojiríe ?acu 
ÉťÍBCsií maoTOMioKáoŘ BOHDamH. 
« F ijpon He cyn^ecTByeiB laase BaerB h cocroami — bc6 




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68 B^CTUElb BBPCMOL 

paBHonpABHBi; noneiiy xepeBeHcut TypoKi, npexfl n KaHMasaiiy 
vh KQHaKB, j^^sen cmíuo Cb HoraMH na ero esponeflcsitt akbehi, 
caxHTCfl Ba BeWj noAsui Hora, b saBO^HTB paaroBOirB sasx pas- 
BBtt CB paBBími. He sair&iaeTca y bbxx Tasse (5ojiBinofi pobbb 

FB yHCTBeSHOlTb paSBBríB, 06CTaH0BKdb B y(5paHCTB% BOMHaTB. Ty- 

poBi xepeBeBCBÍfiy 6yxB obi CBtHOitB naniBi se uuíieTh norpeiS* 

BOCTB Bl XOporHXl 6pOB8a», BOBiĚmflXl 4^H0BX Me6ejlH, TOH- 

Kflxi ^ap4K)parB b nopovBTh sepsajiaxB; a lasjae se Ewberh ofl% 

nOBflTifl KB TOPBBX^B BWBBJ%j ynOipedieHÍe BOTOpUSIt npBTOMl BOCr 

npeBieBO eiiy BopasoirB; eJiOBoiTB, BBycH bxi bbbb y 6ŠAflaro, TaB'B 
B y 6oraTara, oxBflasoBO npocTti, noaroMy b BepaBeacTBO coctobhíě 
fle nporjiflWEiBaerB y bbxi cb laROio ocrporoio, RaiTB m oeranBoft 
Eeponi* 

Bb pejBríoBBHrB BÍpoBaBÍflj:'B obb j^aHaTBBB; w^e jy^mie 
BX'B yMH, npotfuBi xojiroe Bpeiui aa ABBJíoiiaTBiecBflxi nocrazx 
KB sanaxBuxi rocyxapcTBax^B, BOSBpan^aiOTCfl ofipaiBO aa po^BBy, 
sapaaKeflflHe eo^e tiojiBniBirB Bsyš^pciBOicx; cyerjBBufi cBiaA^ 
eq[)onet(»oM blbbhB) B^Qrntitt b% paspšsi cb bxi npBBUHsaMH, ne 
Majiio BjdaerB aa ycaieflie bxb BepacnaioaieBia b:b aameft jsjíbb- 

JBSaqÍBí FipOBaBÚIMS B ^pMaiťB aWBBB. 

yifB lypsa TAsen,. jumesB btpbboctb, 6o8boctb b yBjeHeaifi; 
TypoBs iieTOxa^eHi, MeA^eai wb padori^ b BxyM^BBx; cjeobomx, BM'6e3rB 
OT^aeiB vb se^B^ocraTBB bib, ecjB xoTBie, rb se AOcreBacTBa, sam 
B B^bvei^^B, a noTOMy, xasB b nociixHtHi cnocoóeai cA'&iaTE.eB BecBMa 
nojieraiiM'B npaBBTeieifB, i.-e. 6oxbe esjoaauMi bi npocxoS aa- 
cyn^Bofi paóoii aa aouepaufflie nopaxBa sbbbb, ^im> wb nepe- 
xpottsi efl, paxB diaraxi aaM^pealS b bbuxi yronB^ecBBxrB bob- 
spftaifl, OBiiTcm^B OTBepraeiiux'B. 

npflMOxyBiBBift lypoB^ — BparB ^saflysi^, aaifli^ettcBiixi& apaBOBrb 
B aeyM^CTBoft dpbxbptoboctb; rpaaai^u bxb toctbuxi Bja^taift 
iQTflTCB B% cfliiy tfyxBu eaMoro xopaaa BasB rpaaB CBBB^eflaaa, ao* 
^eny aapymeBia arb p^akb, a lasse p^abb b apeAJíora í^m cy- 

XefiCKBX'B BCBOB^y BOTOpue STB BOCa^b^Bee BpeMB CA^JiajlBCB TaBBXfl 

B^pauMB BcioiBBBaMB o6oran^flift ajísl aaniB]('B a^BOsaioBB. 

ClOBOlTB, JKBBBB BX% TBieTB nOBOflBO, CB060XB0| BaSX BIEipOBail 

ptea ao poBBOxy pycay, bb acrpi^aa aoporoFB a tioBOBux'B Bcipi^^- 
aiirB TeqeaiS, odaBaioapnLi bxtb cípya cb apoMoro, fiapaéoraH- 
aaro Bceit acropiett sbbbb aaapaBJíeEllfl, ao sa xo a ae BCiprfa- 
Haercfl cpe^^^B bx-b Ójiecsa apasABecrBfB, mynaaro ABBseaífl tojubi, 
éucrparo aoiera hhcjb, a Biťbcrš cb bhitb b aporpeccBBHaro paa- 
JBpBTÍB. CBJíaAx sflSBB TypsB apíaieBi a BOjieseaB visl nejioB^Ba, 



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IHPHHS dnHSOXH Un BOlIEOfi SBSHH. 69 

jme HSHOCBBinaro cboh) Aymy h ipeÓyioiAaro yeAHHeHifl, ho othh)x& 
ne f,isi jOHOfi, ($BK)iiie& bjcdtoh^ sishh. 

Oh TaKHMi se paBHOxymíěMi h ne JHmeHHiiaťB xoctohhctbu 

XOsIpieirB OTHOCBTCH OWh HHH^ BO BCtlTb HHíIBfl, flOX^ ^BCl BpaS- 

xelfosurb eiiy pacairB, aBBByn^fliTB y Hero noKb 6owwb. Oh'b x^- 
jieB!B OTB sejiaHifi tíchatb Hxi sa panirioraiiB ytftsxeHía h no- 
xBmecKÍH mhíhíb: — ofcueu u noMsyňCH om$3mio; 6ydh cnoKoem 
u botami! — etl npEwumrhy h, HecoMHteHO, ^to bcí xpacnaHCBiji 
njenena^ — pafifl, 0Bpy3BaK)ii^aB TypoBi, — uo6y7Biffieuusí cbjoio i^bbb* 
iBsaipH vh x^TejiBHOcai h 0((pa8aBaBÍB>, onepexBJB 6u btl bx 
ů6mfiwb pasBHTÍB xyxa h 6jiarococrOflHifl, bbei onepessmerb ^Hcrpo 
teByn^as boab hb xhí 7 Hea jiesan^S Banen, h, Moa^erB Óbitb, 
n oxHO npeBpacHoe yípo npocHyjicfl 6íi Tjpoiffb vh cboh> o^epexB 
pa(k)irb CBOBXi paCoBi^, ecjiH (5b[ BecjAwíJii> Bopao sa BsaBííHiniH 
OTHomeHÍBMH 8THX'b paci peBHHBBítt Baua^TB. 

OnacHa Typi^Uí sanaxy ne caifa no ce6i, ho no moo^h cbohii 
MycRyjOBi H cyHiri^ ^B8HiecBBX'b Cflx&y a onac&a cbohitb i^eH- 
tpajBHHiTB noJioseHÍeir& cpexH iripoBHrB nyrefi ToproBjg, BavB 
BiaxH^Bi^a Hopefi, h 6jarocxoBeHHŠllinflrB h 6orartftinHX'B crpani 
idpa: BTO OBaax^i ea TeppHTopiefi, totb OBjíaxierb vijnoHetn 
SB8HH Bcero craparo cbítb. He CTpaineH'E h ne npoiBBeH-B sa* 
najiy h cbitb 6ojirapHffB, ho ohb Bpexeni ony xasB npoHHmjieH- 
BHft TpyseHHBi, cnoco6HHfi vb HacB2BeHH0]ffc WM.% TEÍBf!b nepBen- 
cniOBaTB HBxi ^MH HJieMeHaMHy HacejfliDn^HMH TypivR), h npa* 
BBTB cyxB(SaMH BToro Mipa; a en^e crpaniHte cana HHmyqafl Poe- 
da, BceH) CBoeB) bíbobok) jiHTepaiypoB) BiipasaBrnaa crpeMjieHíe 
OBiax^TB BTEiTB uijo^ewh^ He cnpaBJíflflCB CB aBejaniflHH noHBen- 
Haro MeMeHia— canoro napoxa. BjacrejiHHi se Btoro BJiio^a — 
iypoB'B — noBOHTCi 6e8icflTesHOy BunycBaa vb sbÓíitbí btotb umwh 
wn OHŠMÍBmett pyKH CBoefi; BHyrpeHHHirB noxBJíftCTHiiirB eiiyHa* 
poX»m H vBimEom codb]ífiu% ocraerea tojibbo HarflyfBca, hto6u 
ooxo^parB ero; ho BHeHHO btoti^ HOHeHn saxBaTa h nyraerB sa- 
oajiB. jHmeHHiit bobmoshocth OBjaji^TB diHin BJiiDieMi hoho- 
cfexcTBeHHO, owh TopMonrarB lypsa, njrraerB nojBTBTOCBBMH bu- 
KiCJtaMB, TpeBOSfln ero Booópaseme Óxukmo onacHoctBB), paa- 
caMOjm^ie... BiiBexeHHBS mu hvb Tepninia TypoB'B, 
npocTOxyBWHft CaiccoHi, na^BHaerB 6htb CBoeEO najini^eK) 
h BBBOBftraro: B^maen Óojirapana, pytfflnrB cep6a, t£c- 
pyMSHa, ocKopdxaerB pyccBaro, ne pascHHTVBaa, ^eto bc6 

tmm, oxBBsxH co6paHHEia, bi ooctoshui onyratB ero cbohitb 
■ paaxftBBTB cBOHifi Moryn^ecTBOiTB, iró h cjiy^BJíocB b^b 
aaiIffnnD BannáHÍR). 



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70 BMram XBFonii. 

PasocTjaBi BOBpu, a u nwrh tio^hbh h creraHUí of/bgMAf. 
noHacaxBBi ýpyBroBEixrb xepeBbeBi bi cbohx'b MajeHbBBXi caxH* 
xaxi H BOBBexi npoHHue saroHu a^a CBOxa, lyposb ee nomej'b 
j^ajie BToro HesartfijiHBaro B0M4K)pTa. AoHammifl oÓcranoBKa Han- 
6oiie sasHTO^Baro lypsa, no CBoefi npodaH^HOCTHi HaaoMBBaerL 
otfcraHOBBy samaxi cpejm^ pysB naasoBi, a caMas saseb — no 
OTtyrcTBÍK) B!& Heft SHBoro HHiepeca— HamE boj^bb bjtu ctw* 
jenHHXi npOBBHAÍfi, Boropae, si cuctík), cb uposexesieii^B se- 

JlfoHUXl AOpOrBy CTaJIH BBAHMO MHGWSb Cb JIHI^a SeMJIB. 

B^xoxBTB offB HBi BTOFO CBpoMHaro yx^a TOABo HO HapBxy^ 
cjiy^afiHo; nosaxaa vh uenii aAMHHBcipaiiiH, xepsBTCB cb noxo- 
tiaion^ex) nociy BasnocTBio, no oxHasxu cofixa cb aioro nonpHnta, 
crAmETh saifBByTBCfl rl npesHÍfi licHHfi Bpyn. 

TasoBi OHI H B^B yMCTBeHHofi cj^pi shshb; xase BucoBas 
rocyxapcTBeHHafl x&irejiBHOCTB ne pacompaerB ero yMCiBenHaro 
Bpyrosopa h ne xaerB eny niHpOBHxi 4^hjioco4)CBbxi BosspimB. 
HanpoTHBi Toro saniHeHO; hto oitb diHSBaro crojiRHOBeHÚi ci^ 
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jEíBiifB H ^aHarHUHMi MycyiBManHHcmi. 

^eny npBHHcaTB noxoÓHyia bochoctb — BpoBH, pejiHrÍB bib xo* 
ifamneiiy tfuTy? 

ynpesB Bi BTOfi HenoxBBSHOCTH lan^e Bcero naxaen na bo- 
paB^i xaBmifi Bceiiy CBjaxy seshh h caMBiii xy^^^"^ nycyjiBMa- 
HHHa TaRyio npo^Hyio o6ojio^By, hto xy^i ero, nposaóaa bi BiHxrb 
licHux^B paMBaxi; ne Moósen npHHBTB niHpoBaro, b^9ho o6hob* 
jflioH^arocfl HOJieTa. 

Canoe nanajo Hcropin nycyjiBMaHCBaro iiipa npBBOXHn rb 
BHony 8aBXK)9eHÍK). Ecjra cnpaBexiBBo, — roBopHrB JQ^p&nepi b^ 
CBoeft Mcmopiu yMcmeeunato paseumis Éeponu^ — ^to apato cosrju 
aieBcaHxpificByiD fiadiiOTeBy, to bi bto Bpeiffl mosho 6hjío oim- 

CaTBCB, HTO 4>AHaTH8Ml npflB6XjeTB BXl BB npeSHefi BBSaHlifiCBOft 

CBcreiií; ho BajiH^H BnaiH vb Bry xypsyK) nojHTBBy toibbo na 
MBEyiy. Ohh CBopo cx^jiajiHCB saii^vaTejBHiaifE noBpoBSTemni 
sHaHífi. O&b HHxi roBopfljH, 1X0 OHE laB^ se 6H€Tp0 OBMfíbjm 
ofijKacTBiiH HayBH, BaKB oBJíax^ i^apcTBaifE CBOEX'B cod^efi. y 
HHX^ crajK) oÓHiaeMi, vso nepBiza xojshocte vb rocyxapcxB^ sa- 

HHMaeMU 6BIJIE .ilOXBMEi E8BÍCTHÍIME CBOei) yieHOCIBK). HŠBOTOpUS 

m% Bx% jíjo6bmsíz% HspeieBÍft noBasuBanrB, BaBEiTB yBasesiein^ 
nojiBSOBajiacB jEToparypa. «VepHHja yienaro ctojb se xocrofiHBi 
yBasenia, Bas^B bpobb ifyieHEBa>. «Pafi ctoibbo se cyn^ecTByerE 
xu Toro, BTO xopomo BjaxierB neponi, cbojbbo xu xoro, kto 
naxB on neia*. «Mipi x^psaiCB tojibbo lerupBME Ben^KE, — 



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aPHHI '8U30AH EVb BOBHHOfi SI8HI. 71 

SBameiTB M7jQ)eqa, cnpaBeAJiHBOCiuo CBUHaro, MOJiHTBaini xotf* 
páro H MyxecTBom xpa((paro». ^epe«h 25 jšrB noejš ciiepTH 
HaFQMeTa, npa lerBeproirb bub^ Ajh, nospoBinaiBcrBO Hayíci 
ciaio npBHipnom MaroMeTaHcsoS CHcreiiu. Ero Hspe^eniff sacjy- 
snann ne MCHBinaro yBaseau: «npeBOcxox€TBO fb Hayjsfl, — 
FOic^m Ajn, — eers Ben^aflmaa hsi nowcrei*. «Totb ne yMH- 
paen, bio j»mb shtb 8HaHí»». 

Tot ace cicieiiH noipoBHiejKCiBa HayBH npHj^epsHBaucB 
toxwcne xajiHýii. y^eflue, saHEHaBiniecfl MaieMaTEBoS, acrpo- 
BOHÍei, MexH^iHOl H jiHTepaiypofi, fb BHa^BrejiBHOM^B hucjAssmjo, 
wpm xBopš AnnaHcopa; ohi npHrjiainajrB vb ce<$% s noBpoBH- 
lencTBOBaxB bAvl ^huoco^fb, ttRBxrB 6u pejiHrío8Hux:b MHimft 
on Hv AepasajíK^. Ero npeoMEHn, AjiB^Pannixi, HHBorjia^ roBO- 
piTB, HO nyremecTBOBajrB 6en cbhtíi nejiOBtB^B bo cto yieniixi^. 
3ion BejiradS rocyxapB Boxaio^ noBOAŠHie, vlo6u hh o^na MenerB 
Be Horjia crpoarBCi 6en idbojiu nps Hefi. KpeeMHHBi ero, Ajíb- 
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IBC& otfi y^^esx^H 6B6jioieBB; b'b ÓojBiinix^B iH^xax'B 6iijio 
MBOsecTBO niBOJii... To, HTÓ 6uzo TaBBiTB oÓpasoMi b:b Ha^ajii 
i;ftjH)»B rjiyóoxot hojibtbbb, CBopo Biipocjio bi oÓiinaS. 

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vwME npevHaMB. BaBOOBaHÚi bxi^ paspocrajiBCB fb vbx^ HacTax'B 
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on Hes oÓxoMRB, nojifliie BByrpeHBeS sbshb, noveny ne norjiB 
MTh ciepeTB n jBiia senin 'A norpAcenifl, BoropsnrB noxBeprá- 
MBCh jUByn^ie xairB napoxu fb Tevenie MBorsxi ctojítíí, npex- 
BiecTsyx>niBxrB ffamenbo nycyjBMaHCKaro nipa. 

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nscBMennocTB CBBA^TejiBCTByiorB, iio bo BpenenB ocho- 
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^eBHei accBpiiexofi i(BBfliB8ai^ÍB. 
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I^^iB H npsBBTO na Tanomnefi noiBt reniem AjieBcanApa Ma- 
iQlOHCBaro. IIpocBÍ^oieBie bio mofjio 6u nasBaTBCB buoibí rpe* 
eCM ŮEL cpeMfí BTBxi yveflBix^B iiyacet se npaBTBBOBajiBCB 
saBiqanHflB spe^aMfl xpefinaro Erania. 
Hs xMBseni Boctobš, fb npe^^jaxi Hb^b, noBBBBOMBJBCB 
CB en^e 6ojiie AP^Bsefl, noryvefl, 6oáie cÓepeseBBofl b 
esponeiCBony yny — BHxificBOfi ^BBBJB8a^iefl. 
otfpasoni, no CHacrxBBony m CTe^efliia oÓcxoflTejBCTFB 



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72 Bsormn ibfohh. 

KjrH no BOJi'£ CYjífi6^y bhobb coBiaHHoe apatfaMH qapCTBO pasjíerjiocB 
m npex^axi rixi embeho seiie^b, BOiopiiii ocrajiiCB slpeam 
xpanareJuiMH mhofaxi xpeBBxrh pi^iiixi, ho oe sa^Bmixi she- 
hUI. HoBufi, HacTOflipjfl uiph ^oimewh óiaroxapvrb cjx^y, ^qio 
HM6HH0 Ha xojnD apatfOB^MaroMeravB Bunaio ciacTEe sjaxfeB 
9THifH HenoniÓHyBniHifH ho BpeMeHH pasBHTÍii hxi MoryaiecTBa 

COKpOBHH^aMH HajKE. IltlXRiĚ JU!h apa((OBl, nOlHBB CM^JraBOCTH, 

TBop^ecTBai oxHHasoBO cnocotfHHt H SI 4^Hjooo^iOMy anajEgy h 
K% npaicTHTOCBot x&rraiBHOCTE, tojibbo e motl wh spanál otho- 
CHTejiBHO cpovh noKBBThOí Ha TasjE) BBoory, HTO(Sa coBEatE Boe 
BeiEHÍe EayxE, nojiBsy otb hce, CBEsarB ocranE xP6bhex% i^ebh* 
JlE8a^iS, o6o6nvn^ exi pesynTani s Óncrpo nepesecTB ce xaiL- 
HEX*B npex&iORL BOCTOBa BHyrpB HcnanÍH. drEn nrEpoKEiTE ny- 
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ceEa 6uMh vb Eepony. ExBa m Hapo^ti Esott pacH cnocofeffB 
6ush BiinojiHETB CL laBEM ycntxoiTB 9Ty I^EBEJnSaTOpCKyK) MECCbo. 

ApaÓH EBEJBCE m EBpony bi to Bpeiu, Bor^a osa nposa- 
6aia Bo Mpast EeBÍ^secTBa. EypEHii esÓs noKpHBajra saaaxHiiE, 
fliint safl6ojite npocBin^eHHUii crpans Esponn. EBponeeiti sejtb 
vb rpjiSE, HO SHajTE &bjiiay 6um% abkb e cyeB%peH<i. Vme nps 
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vh jieeíd BKTEflyTHxi xoMaxi. YiEVjí ea ocBtoiajECE 4K)EapaiíE ^) 
fl 6ujíE BHMoniesii spacEBEriiE xaiíeEEaMfl. Apatfii nocrpoEJE bi 
seEX yHEBepcBTerE, npioópirniii, ecjE He BeempHyH), tíite ne 
MCBŠe nrapoByE) cjiaBy; AsepE ero óiijie orspiiTii xu bcíxi BÍpo- 
EcnoBÍ^iaBÍfi; a sHaHÚi ocB^n^aiECE laBEirE ^BJioooi^BflirE cbítoitb, 
no xpEcriaflCBÍe nponoB^XEEKE, OROE^EBEiie Bi sen o6pa80BaEÍe, 
npEBHaBajracE HeMexJui no Byxox^ hve yHEBepcHreia xocroftflmra 
enflCBoncKHx*E icaeexpE % Bfl6itOTeRa ropoxa 6iiJia ctoje oSmEpna, no 
oxHE BaxajiorE xpaHBMuxi fe eoS sEHrE cocraBuiE 40 tomove. 
OTiyxa, Basi efe i^esipa npocBi^nieHui, nepemjE wb EBpony yroETOH- 
HHe HpaBu, pocBomE, pui^apcKaa b&Úbbocte, HaBiOEEOCTE n ebjl* 
n^ecTBy, a buícA ce 'ťbu% norpeÓHOCTE ke soM^^opiy, ^ectotí e xpy- 
nuTE yxoOcTBaifE sbbhe. Cioboite, say^Ejra ohe ee sete e xyMaxE 
no-MaBpEiaHCKE... 

Ho eo^e CEJEsfe BjdaEie osasaiE apatfii fe dffeýb EayqEurE 
BEamft. Ote sexi npEEBJía Espona apaÓcKÍfl i^E^^pa, jiorapEeini, 



O Toibio ^pesi 700 iln, roiopm Xp^aepi, boabucji nepiiii 4>oiiApb aa yiH- 
Hfa% JOIXOHA. 

*) nan CuBepcn 11 (rep<$epn). 



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HPHHX 8III80XH IV& BOUffOt SI8HI. 73 

airetfpy, ochobh reoxesii ■ xpjnm^ to^bhx% h npnuaxHiixi Haysx^ 
BOTOi»i ffum cH&Hufi Tojraesi si pasBHTÍD Bnocjri^xcTBis i^Th 
peanmixi sHanifi ■ lexHiraecnn ycoBq>ineHCTBOBaHift) soiopmiH 
aanax)TCfl Hann nocjribxHÍe xhh. AocraiOHHO BHisnyrB vh Hajm- 
Bue H smeicKie lepiaHu, xoTOpiie bohuh arh iqla6on fb se* 
BaxHHa Hapiňi, vio6h jfS/bxBnes, kb cvfb h 6jiaroTBopHOCTE Buda- 
mi 8TSXI xapOBHTBX% ceMBTORB MycyoiEifaffB Ha pasmnie HameS 
MMSBM ■ Hay^HHrB SHamt ^). Eciafiu Kaiojra^ecrBO ne pasCuo apa6- 
oot ipBfliHsaqiH, TO, Moaaen 6iitb, Espona Tpeiifl-Henipuui cto- 
jMam pasie npio6p&ia li cB^x^Ma s totb ypraesLB i^hbhjih- 
aaipv, lOTopHe no cnpaBexiHBocTs cocraBJuiK)rB ropxocTB Hamero 
qMMeei. 

SaMKHyiocTB xoManmeit ju^hh MycyAMaHi BpexHjm pasBuix) 
BpocBÍqeHifl exBa n He MeHBme caifOTO BC^na. 

SeBntHHa cjysHM Boerxa cnutyjioirB xu pasBina dcieniHe- 
atMX% Hanan. Jho6EMoe cyn^ecTBO, iHssiBaa y^acrie kb cBoeft 
cialJocn, OHa Bu^beA ci tíitb sacraBUia satioTBTBca o&h ycrpot- 
ciBft Bi fpiA yxo6Haro xu shbhii yrom; on Boroparo ho xueK'B 
Bqiexoxi H s:b pocsome. Pocbodib vl cbok) owpexB eciB b^phhB 
npciXBoevicTHBirB cxpeicjieHÍfl vb pasBETÍv) Bsan^mrB HeRyocTBi. 

MycyjBuaHCsí8 iiipB, ho CMOrpa na BaHSHyryi) skbhb ses* 
BpmH, Be TOJiBKO se HBdisajrB ea Biiania; Hanponm, no ciOBairB 
afirniópHTB HcropnoTB, MaBpnranM HcnanÍH bb aroirB ornomeníH 
onepexua cbohxi noxpyn xpynixi pacB h pejHrii. Marcr- 
Meiane Bnecja b!b ncnanÍK) bch) pocBomB h pacroTOraiBnocTB Asia. 
Evb MMJomfi, HJH CTpoftno BucaiHCB KB roaydony nelSy, hjui 
TasancB fb rxjÓmBi pon^. MpaMopase noiapoBanmie (iajnoHH 
nebiH nax^ nodcepam^OBuiíH caxaMH; na XBopaxB (Snaa xacRaxn 
lOXB. CSaxoBOXii*zyxosHBBH cn^MUHCB ne Tonao xociaBBTB na- 
eiasxBHie xm tiwl npiarHiíMi coHeianieirB i^bštobtb pacienifi, 
M ropxHaacB lasse yaABBeirB yxoBjeiBopaTB h nyBOiBy otiona- 
Bia ny^enmiMi coHOcraBiemeirB i^bítobi no Banaxy. 

B% xoMHaTaxrB cynanurB rpynnu síbaLHiixrB T0HeBBBHZ'B lo- 
moTB BosBoxHjncB wn Bepxie-aHTiiBO ci muqiycTai^aiai wn xanacB- 
aasyn. Me(SeiB erponaacB hfb canxajiBHaro h amfonnaro xepoBa, 
Kuosennaro nepiaMyrpom, cepetipom uh yspamennaro peaBe- 
^^•■8 KTB soiora H MajaxBTa. BasH wn ropnaro zpyctaia a 
uialc&aro j^p^pa h ifosaHmie croau pasciaBiancB no kom- 



^ lapeor^ chem^, ooton^ aixemíi, 8ieicip%, wtv^^ MMipan, aireópa, &!• 



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74 wmssEfb upoitf. 

HSrt Vb WSSmMWh 6eSH0pfXB&. MaspETaHCKLI SeHIQHfiU ThVk jOO- 

6uH CBbrxsie qBira, ÓJiecn zpHsonnwi, riaourom, HSyMpy* 

Byxa HMi nosBoieHO tfiuo npeioxErB^ sozoxMia he i^efajacUl 
BeceHfiitt Jiyrx, BC]ipiiCHyTii& xoasjíeirb. 

ApaÚH npoBBBeiH sHtMeHiiTyx) uiopoKy aHxaxyscKoi jiobimp; 
ropxuHeB paBBHiiem Bs^maro HCByccna BepzoBOt iam. Kápy* 
CMH H lypEHim cx&iMHCb Hxi 6iaropoAHu» yBecejeaieii&. 

yiOHieBHoe o((mecim> KopxoBii onntJiocB HBiiqecxwm o6pft- 

I^»ifl H iqniITHOCTBK) Bl CBOet ny^JH^HOft H ^aCTBOft mBBBM. 

BeoejEfl sia sapasa sepenua otb npeiecTHmrB <BeB&pHHXs» 
seHii^Hx Ki Hxi cecrpaiii no ly ciopoHy ropi^ — ion ^pasipH 
HanojHMOi OHapoBaHÍeiTB sencBofl npejecrn h TaHi^aiiH nofih 

SByXH JIOIBH H MaHffOlHBH. JífiSt Bl HiaiUI H Ckl^utís JIDÓOB- 

Haa n^Hfl cfibjaLJiBCh ijdůbohA ^pMOfi juiiepafypii; on 8ian 
Hanan passuaeB HOBiftmaa HBSofHaa jHTepavypa £qM)iia b cos- 
xaja Bi^ CBOE) ovepexB ipysepos^ Tpy6axypoB& h MHHesBHrepovb, m- 
TOpiie cjysHJU vh npaxojseme bÍcboubuxi crojfaift jy^imarB jMp»r 
inraieMi shshii bs saMsaxrb Biax^iaiBHHXb jun^ Banaxaofi Espomi. 
, Hni ase, apadam, o($fl8aH'B (dm eBponeiCKift pmvipB cbchoix 
noHflTÚíMi o ^leciH, npiHOxynnH, b&uhboch h BeniBOxyniiB, ea- 
cTaBJUBioHiiH aoFxa-TO ocHOBu HpaBCTBeHHaro KOxeBca Bcero. eepo- 
neftcsaro XBopaiiCTBa. Jly^mift thitb pnotapa emuu^ Mycyunaa- 
csift MÍp!E vh xaníb GauxaHa, BeuaoAyinHaro conepHHsa Pa- 
TOpxa JlBBHHoe-Cepxite. 

OcraeTca xenepb pa8CM(>Tpfo&, HacsoJBBO Morjo noBjdarb um- 
MeHHoe npoBCxosxeme lypoBi aa aacrofl htb i^aBaiasaifiH* 

XwBh aapoxoKB nocJťiAHHXB fficarBxbáĚ xoaasajia, ^ro sei 
OHH oxapeHH 6omneK> bjih Meniaeio cnoco6HOCTUD bociipohsboxbh 
H pasBHBaTB xapu lutBHJusaiýH: osasajccbi ito Herp'B Obsepe- 
aicepHBaHCKHxi mraioRB Tasí se CBJCMieBi ašhht^ jieitorB h npe- 
cjiŠAOBaTb BiicQBO^HpaBCTBeBHiie H 8cieni^ecBÍe hxmjiii, aaKb m 
AapoBHTuft wponeei^^ YrpiOMsii ^hkb cosxaii aa xsyxrb npo- 
THBynoioiaHm-b aoHqaxi Espomi — vh ropars zojoxHOfi ^HHia^xia 
H aa paBHBHarB osapeasoft ccjHi^eMi Bearpia — caMofiuTHyi) ■ 
npoiayH) ayiLiypy. HoBOospen^eHEiifl lajiinira saxoHoaaxi cxeB6i» 
cyxa no oisuBaicb aranaBa Bolcaa ^oacioro vb 1846 roxy, Ma* 
saaea CHOcoÓHiiirb jijkoLTh eme 6aiie (nerpiie yenixa aa HayiBK>- 
HpaBCTBeHHOiťB noDpan^t, wbwh ero maojiLHiae TOBapan^ Bejaao- 
poccu^ 8aBÍxoMO HaaÓoi^e xapoBHTHe jik>ah mh Bcero cjiaBaEcaaro 
Mipa. 



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imUl 9^I80J^i 131 BOlHHOfi XHdHH. 7& 

yHiBepciieTH) h caiiiie lypEH nosBE^HCB vl EBpont ci sbhuiui 
iipissasaiiH ByjBiypHHXi coocoÓHOciefi. npeAcraBEieu hxi, Ma- 
roiaiex% n, ropxHB nosopniaiB KoHcmHiiiHonojuiy xaKi roBopan^ 
Óojtl oHeHB o(^a80BaHHHi qejiOBteb h juím% roBopHTB Ha naiH 
MSsaBx%. Osh xopomo snan iiaTeiiaTH^ecBLi Hajse, oco6eHHO 
Bi Hxi BpaBíHHecsoirB npHiriHeBÍH ri HHseHepHOMy Hcsyc* 
asy; Óiin noíHiaiejieM^ Haau^Hux^B HCsyccTRb h pacTO^HTOUHa 
iqexpB KL irajbjíHCKHirb 2iUlB0IlHC^al^^ ho roBoparB... vh ^acu 
OfAHxa Hep^AKO CM&ucA HaAi^ peuríefi CBoei apaHu, sairb 
HaxB oÓiiaHOirb. Bnpo^exi, vb lo Bpeiia Meauy nociiAOBareAaifH 
opopoia n Maiofi-ABÍH, Basi h bi HcnaniH, Óhjio mhofo cbo- 
(k^OHHCUDuizi jiH)x^ft9 xoTopue tími He Mefiie nosofino ysHBa- 
neB epexH íkpsa% nouoHHEBOBi Bopana. 

Ho BceS BipoaTHOCTH, BCfl eAHHOBpoBHaa H ony noxBjacTHaa 
Macca no(SixHTeiefi nomia 6u x&ii se nyxeicB nporpecca, ecjHÓu 
npeeMHBBH Maroimexa II ne craiH pyROBOxciBOBaiBCJi HCBaK)M- 
lejBHO oxHHMH N^HCXHieeBHiui HofiyaBXBHiaMH — pacnmpflTB CBoe 
Moryn^ecTBO saBoeBaHieifi coc^ahbx^b i^apciBii ne saxaBaacB npH* 

TOH MHCJBD O A^JIH 9THXI 8aB0eBaHÍÍt, He CHpaBJUUICB, HOJieSHU 
JDI OWb ffiSÍ HHXl Vb HOJIHTH^eCBOirb BJH dBOHOMB^eCBOlTB OTHO^ 

meBÍH. 

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npex^JH rocy^apcTBa, i^Mt cosxaercfl Úoihme xoneBs conpHBocHo- 
BoásL cb COC&AHHMH, Bcer^a Bpa3&Ae6BHMH Kb dmwb 8aBoeBaHÍflH'B 
BapoxaMHy a bmWí cb t^^b pacoupeHie npex^JiOBi pasMfle- 
saen ciyuH vb HenpiagHeHHHirb ciojocHOBeHÍflM^ h BpoBaBím 
Botaaiirb. Bi rose BpeMa, yopaB^enie rocyxapcTBOMi A'&JiaeTai 
q^afifle sarpyxHHTejiBHHirby ecjiH He HeBOBHOSHHMi; TpeÚyiovb 6oab- 
iBoro TOCU ópranoBB BJiaciH, CHJiBHilimaro Haxi hhmh h sh3hbh> 
HO({isAeHHaro napoxa Hawopa, (k)jibnioro ^Hcja boScbi wí oxpaHU 
rpttnocB H BexeHifl boíhi, BuauBaaaixi (HScToarejucTBaMH; xasi 
fio Basynteeca Moryn^eciBO bx eymHociH BexiBra HHorAa CBopte bx 
oOíxhíhík) h oacafijeHÍK) rocyxapcTBa, H']^irB bi pasBHiifo ero 
BByrpeHHHxi chjii h 6jiarococTOflHÍfl. 

SaBoeBHBaa napojoi, HecaasaHHHe cb hhmh hh reHieni xyxa^ 
n BÍpox>y HH EpoHcxodMenieirB, lypni lorxa tqjbbo mofjh 6u 

BaiBSOBaXBCfl CQOBOÍHO UMffiMB CBOBn BaBOeBaHÍl^ eCJH^JU, HO- 

mŮBú apaéaiTB, motají ocx&ibtb rjasa h yfiievB cepxaa noBopen- 
va VMM BapoAOBi* BeuHieicB e chjok) cbohx:b ^ejioBi^ecBHZ!B 
Qp^Maemfi; ecjH(5u, noAo6HO apa6aMi&, bucobo noxHMH Hax^ hhmh 
lOjgrTBB npocBtn^eHifl h, ne enpaBuaeB o tomi, bto Baaony 



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76 BMTHHmBFOIDI. 

CBilTOlfy MOJIffTCfl H MKUVh fldEIBOIťE HHTaeTB MOJHTBU, npHSBaiH 
6U B(AX% ETh Vb BHnaj[H6HÍH) A^JIft I^BBHJBBai^B; CIOBOITB, SaCM* 

BHjra 6u BX'h ropAHTbCfl BMeHeM^B EVh roeyxapexBa, — lorxa^ h 
TOJBRO Tor^a, Mom 6u cávxhcsL bc% noROpeHHiie hmh Hapoxn vb 
oxHO npo^Hoe opraHH^ecBoe tIjo. TypxB ase, HaoCoporB, xep- 
sajiBCB HHOfl CBCieMBi: 6aiBniyH) ^acTB BpexeHB CBoero nojiBTH^e- 
csaro cyn^ecTBOBamfl ohb norpaiBJíH sa saBoeBaHíe h oaio5aeHÍe 
CBOBZ'B cociffiŘ; xpyryH)) lasse sHaiBrejiBHyH) nacTB, tía jhbito* 
mmie cbjoh) ne^a B^posaHiS b sapcxBocreft noBopeBHHX^B i^apCTBi, 
T.-e. saBfljracB BCSJíiDHBTeAHO BXB yrHereHieiTB b ECTp6($jeBÍeirB, bc- 
Toqafl Ha Be^eHie spOBaBiixi boíhi cbob ÓoraiCTBa b jiy^niiB SBaseB- 
HHB CflJiBr. Eorxa se noffB soHeiti bxi noiBTB^ecRaro cyn^ecTBOBania 
OT^ BOBA^flcTBui iQiBBUBaiÚB yjercfl odypeBaBOiifl hx% Borxa-TO 
pMflríoBHiifi ^aHaiBSH^B, H CHflr^flJiBCB HpaBu, TO na noBipsy 
OBasajocB, ^to nai^B ne Biipatforajia rb ce&b EBsaKarB bhcobbtb 
HAeajioFB, nojiBtHvecRBrB h ofimečiBeHHHXi, Moryo^Bxi HasBaTBCH 
xoHe^flOH) jsibíhiD Hxi cyn^ecTBOBaHÍfl, BaBofi, Hanp., BHpa6oTaH^ 
ÓMXTt xJifl BBBtonaro iBcia noBOJtŠBÍft reHíajiBHOK) fíbarexbnocThío 
nerpa BenRaro. IIoBTOMy lypRairB ocraBaiocB tojbro oxho — Bce- 
js^M norpysBTBCB vb ry cpe^y, ROiopyB) OTRpuBaja nepex^B hbmb 
HenocpexcTBeHHafl sbbhb — vh cpexy ceuetispo, npaBxa, se jBmeH- 

HyH> Bl BBBiCTHOfi flpjA TEXOft paAOCTB, T^ITB He MeH^e ysRyK) B 

HpoBafliecRyH). Hbi btoA cpeffi ffiÚpOBOXhEo ne mofib ero bh- 
BBa/TB HBRaRúi naipíoTB^ecRúi nponaraHXH ^). 

XoTfl Vb nocj^xHiOH) BofiHy yjeifii hocbjbcb co cbobitb cbb- 
n^eHHuiťB BHaHeHeiTB, KaR^B cinBcaHOB) loptfoK), no bc^btb yrjraifB 
BMnepÍB, HO HysecTBeHHoB BneprÍH ne npo6yxBjiB. Oiofl vb pBxaxi 
Ban^BTHHROBi oieiocTBa, lypoKB, RaRi noRasajTB ohiitb nocjrlxnefi 

BOflHBI, TOJBRO H Me^TaJťB AOtfpaTBCfl HOCROp^ XO TÍ^HBCtOfi CBOefi 

yd^BÓH, hto6h bhobb BaBajBTBca vb Hofi na MflrRBXB cbobxi 

TlO^lRaX^B, OTXOXHyTB HR HHXl OTB (SOOBIIXl TpyXOBl B TpeBOl* 

HOflifl. Cjobohi, TypI^B noBpexBJo ob npcmAoej Tipootcumoe nodh 
úÁUMiem peAmmnaw ^anamusMa, u ÓoiBme npaBBTejEBCTBO, ^'birB 
cwB Hapoxi. 

SaRaH^BBaa Bry craTBi), neBonno saffiemBca BonpocoirB, ho no* 
BBHHu-jra B MH, pyccRÍe, Vb yrHeieHÍB noRopeHHSixi naiiB napo* 
XOBi, noHTB no Bcei oxpaBHŠi o6paiiiUiK)aieft PocdK). 

EcjB noxB rneroiTB peaiBHoB Heo($xoxBifOCTB b xpynirB ycxo- 
Bift, BUTeRaH)ntBX'B mb caiioro xoxa Hamero BcropB^ecRaro pas- 



t) 3xic& roBopncA toibbo o eiponelosni rypian. 

Digitizéd by VjOOQIC 



OPHHX 8SH80AH I8X BOIHEO& JUTSHI. 77 

Biriiiy ■ npHmjiocB BAWb pacmirpHTB oI^iiqio njon^axB rocy^apciBa 
laiie. sejiaTeiBHiixi npex^OBi, — npHiíXHyTB vh ecreCTBeHHEnrB 
rpaHii^airB,— liiTL ne uemie uu Mosemb cb popaoctbk) csasaTb, 
Hio xi^esH He T02BB0 on npBTicHeQÍĚ/ HO H caifoft 9BCiijya- 
TUiii noKopeHHHn HaiiB HapoxoBi, xaKoS, Hanp., noAsepraerca 
Hhxíx co CTopoHH aHrjiHTOHi. Mu OTxaeiTB HifB 6ojAe loro, ^6 
orb HirL BiipyqaeM'B, noMoraeirB, nacsojBRO nosBOjaerB nojHTH- 
Hecsaa ny^pocTB, pasEHaaiBca hxi auisHe b% xyxi hxi nai^io- 
HajBHOCTH, B ÓeffB ROJietfaHífl npHdiraeM^B cb maposoio bomoii^bk)} 
ecn HOBaroxu norpacaiOTB arB diarococroflHÍe. S^BiejiB oxpaBHH 
zepiByerB HeepaBHeHHO MeHBme Ha Hys^H Hamero rocy^apcTBa, 
híicb BopeHHue ero SHTeiB, b tojbro btbmb tfjaroxyniHiiMB otho* 
jneHUMB o^BHCHfleTca xa fiHcrpora, c% BaBOH) npoBSonua accBMB- 

iflIQ£ II0B0peHHUX'B HaMB BHOpOJWGBtB Ha BCeiTB mBpOBOH'B HpO* 

crpaHCTBt Hamefi Bocrowofi hojioch, HaHBnafl otb Ypaja b osan- 
uBaa HyTB ne y crbwh Mocbbh. 

HysHO XB noBTopflTB, ^TO noxo^HHe ycoftxB rb nepepaóorsi^ 
lyxffixi Ham no Ayxy h bpobb BxeiieHTOBi no pyccBOMy ma- 
6jOHy, HH oCflsaHu ne RaKofi-XBÓo Morynet noxBíHHecBofl Jia6opa* 
TOpÍB, a exBHCTBeHHO pyccBOMy 6xaroxyniiio, ecjiB ono bi aoxs- 
Holl lAipib npexoxpaHaercfl, otb rxeiBopnaro BJiiama iBHOBHH^Baro 
droHSMa. 

Otb 8TBrB oÓn^Hxx míctb nepetxeH'B vh ^acTHOcrsMi — ohb- 
meMB 6iaTb CB^flcrpificBBXi lypoBi b bxi BxiflHÍe na SBSHBÓpa- 
Tymesi, 

H. ÁHXPIilHdBX. 



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mi> mCEH^L TEHHPHXA rEHHE. 



OTHASHIE. 

KSKb MOJIHÚI CpeXH HeHaCTBfl 

MpsKS nponacTH ocsfean Bj^yn — 
Taici E iiHCBMO TBoe, MOtt Apyr&i 
PacBptuo usfb Moe HecmciBel.. 

H WM npoHHBiacB cocrpa^iaHBeirb, — 
XoTB xJifl Mění Bce BpeM2 tbi 
BujOL jimiB ^yxHot ipaconi 
BeaiiaiBHmrB, uaxHsnr& asBajmeMi!.. 

O Bose, sajiOKB Mot yx^jn: 
H y fiM HamjiocB ksA ciobo, 
MxB lUEBaTB o(5o mhí eii hobo — 
Mesfl H BaMeHB nosajiri^!.. 

RaKB crpamHO to, hto fl nposp&iiL. 
O Bose, csajBCfl aax^ Hec^acTHinr& — 
noxait noKOit Mwk h ysacHEurs 
OrpaxaHBaií'B nojiosH npex^^!.. 



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Xdi n^GKffB nftipixi riiHX* 79 

n. 

OTíErO?.. 

PascBasH uwbj jidÓobb moa ů^bfííMj 
Oiqero uoúxbwcbm bcí poaii 
H ^iaxsa MOjmrrB 6e8npHBÍTHafl?.. 
Ot^ero n irleHflX'B iiTHit'B— touho eiesH, 
B'B tfanaaiCHHt — jramB unan uorun?.. 
Oraero Au:e cojHAe ne rpien, 

n SeMJUy HCTOn^IIFE CBOH ClUUy 

Tekb nycTEiHHO-ifepTBO zojoxfterB?.. 
Oxvero ase h cam a lan 6oiewhf 
TaKE ÓojiHTL Moe cepxi^e yHiijoe?.. 
Az^, sa UTO fl cyxBÓoB oÓesxojieHi, 
lio Mem TU noBHHyia, mejnui?.* 



m. 



HeciacTHa tb— h a pomarB ho bi cuan, 
YA&rB HanTB— OAHHasoBO ^crpi^aTB... 

IIOBa JUDIIB XpOBB CTpyHTCfl Vb HaiUHXS SEJUm, 

Yx^^ HanTB — oxHHaaoBo crpa^aTb... 

nycTb vpjKb TBoa x-B CBo6ox% ropxo paeicx 
n ciribjnitt mvjuíjfb, HacMimsoB sa^jecra, 
no xpeMOHam OTBarot Bxpyn sassercfl — 
A Boe ase TU crpaxaemB, msxb h a. 

nopOft TBOfl B80pl CJieSOD OMpaiHTCfl, — 

Torxa FB rjuuaxi mciAmxA ne (SncraTB 
H n TOt rpyxH crpaxaHBD ho yBpHTBcai 
7f!bM% HaoTB— OAHHasoBo crpaxaTB. 

BXAXHIPl OřIOBl. 



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TABOPnTH 



HXi OBIII,ECTBBHHO-nOJIHTHHECBIE HÍ^EAJIH *). 



IV. 

yMOTBeHHafl H HpaBCTBeHHoa ^BsiOHOidfl TiÓopiTCTBa He 6yx6rB 
AOCTETO^HO OHep^ena, eciH mu ne ynoiuHeirB o cesraxii bxoxhb- 
mBX% FB cocraFB ero. IIpaB^a, incio npHBepa^Hi^eBi wietb cevn 
He Beuso vh cparaeHÍH c:b rjiaBHiiMi íkji$owb TaÓopHxcTBa. Ho 
xaK^fc Rasi OH^ npexcraajaiOTB co6oío touro Jiorii^ecsoe pasEHrie 
rjaBEHrt Hxefi Ta6opa, to, cjiixoBaTejiBHO, Becbiia BaaaHu xu xa- 
paBTepHCTHKH nocašxHHXi. Easi laitopiTBi Úujosí caiiHirB nojiHEnrB 
BiipasenieMi ryccHicTBa^ ero BMÓojrbe nouiffiBSMjauwth h bmícA 
caMUMi HaipoHajBHuirE pasBEiieMi ^), las^b h cejsxu^ o Boropím 
M£i cefl^acB noBOxeiTB pi^b, (5íuh vh cbok> oiepi^ en^e nocji- 
XOBaxejiBHie TaÓopHTOBi bi seianÍH yHHvrosHTB «6e83aR0HÍa», 
H ciymBThj ci^OBarejiBHO^ caniiH^b oojihhmi BupaseHieM^b Ta6op- 
CRaro yvenifl. Kas^ Bce vejiOB&^ecBoe OTHOCHTeuHO, xaRi h Rpa8- 
HoeTB» TaÓopmcTBa ORasajacb yHÍpenHofi oiHOCHTejiBHO h^roto- 
puxx en^e Ůonfbe RpaSuz^ cesTB. Ho pyROBOxanpe npHHipiini, 
RRRi M£i yse CRasajv, ojs^e nrbx/ey rjaBHaro ctbom h y Corobeixi 
ompiyeROir^ ero: (mw BdpoiAeHu oabhhh h t^mh se coRaiiH, aa 
o^Hoft H Tofi se noTOb e noxB BJiiflHÍeiťB oahhx^b h TbxT> se 
yciOBift ORpysaH)ii^eft oÓCTanoBRn. OffiWh h toti se HeyroxoHHiift 



*) Cm. BHJoe: airycn, 579 exp. 
>) HcTopúi cjaB« iHT. II, ,860. 



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TABOPHTH. 8 1 

fjTh HCBamfl a6coJiiOTHo9 hcthhei AOBeji'B TafiopmoRB ao bx'b Rpafi- 
fiOCTei, H AO en^e ÓojBmHXi* RpafiHOCTefi aAaMHTOB'B, xn.iiacTOBX 
I xp. Bce 9T0 npo;iyBrH oxHoro h loro se ;iyineBHaro HacTpoema. 
H BOTB noHeMy BpaflHÍfl cevru laici xapaBiepHU aia yacHenia 
oiSqaro ^xa Bcero TaÓopHTcrBa. 

Ha BpaflHHXi oesraxi en^e noTOMy cjšxyei^ ocraHOBHiBCii, 
<m) noHflTÍe o «?HCTOirb» xaKi-CBasaTB Ta6opHTCTBÍ ne cobc^m^ 
acHO. «Ao HacB yi^&išjiH tojbro HeHHoría co^BHeflifl laÓopHTOBib, 
OTE Apyrflxx ocrajHCB cjy^afiHue otpeibbh, TaK'B vro ipy^Hp co- 
mssm> ce6% nojiHoe íiOHBTie o<h> btomx HacrpoeHin yifOBx. Mosho 
oxeaKo HEBipHoe CBasaTB, hto, BaB^B Bcerxa (JHBaerB cb napoxesiMH 
XBflsemflMH, OTBepraioiitHMH aBTopnrerB, bi Bpyry TaÓopnxoBi ne 
6hjio oxHott rocnoxcTByDn^efi CHCTeim; HanpoTHBi, mh^hía peiH- 
riosBHfl H o6ii)ecTBeHHKfl 6hjh Bpaine pasHOOÓpasHu: sasA^* kto 
6im cnocotfeHXy ^^-^jajicfl nponaraHAHcroifB y^eHís, Boxopoe che- 
lan hcthhhíiitb; ciaiBHOBeHÍe noHaiitt pasBHBajo bx^b Bce KSLjamej 
aBx HTO cocraBHJiocB HaBOHei]^^ yAHBBtejiBHoe cniereme MH^HÍfl, 
mexmHXi ox^ yMipeHHaro laCopniCTBa, npHSHaBaBmaro nepso^Hx- 
Hoe xpEcriancTBO, jsfi XBJíiasMa, SA&Bmaro npecraBJíeHifl CBŠta^ h 
uaicHtCTBa, BBOAHBmaro naHreHSifB vh pejHrm h Bpafimfi boh- 

lyHBSH^B VB SB8HH» ^). dflett CHXBBÍfi, nOC^THBniitt Ta6op^ Wh 

nmxecflTBXi roAax'B XV-ro CToaixifl, T.-e. Tor^a, Bor^a Moryme- 

OBO B flpBOCTB XJXa CFO BO^TB BC^eSJIB, ÓHJťB T&Ml HB MeH^e BO* 

pazefli o6}SMeui> rocBOACTBOBaBmBx^ vb neiTB peaBriosBiixi mb£* 
Hil. «BcBBÍB epexfl^ecTBa, Basifl tojibbo ÓHsaJiB fb xpacríaBCTB^,-*- 
roBopBTB OBI, — Bce 8T0 co6paJiocB Ha Ta6op£, b sasxoMy tbicb 

BOJBBO B^pBTB TOMy, VTÓ eMy HpaBBTBCfl». 

BjfjmpMj nani pBMCBOMy xaBoe nojoseHÍe K^jn^^ BOBe^Ho, 
nsexcs ysacHsiTB. Ho «BpafiHÍe» TatfopBm npB BceirB CBoeHi 
«Xirom:b 4>aBaTB3MŠ», ctojib pacnBcaHHOifB pasHiiiiB cojibahumb 
lepopBBaMB, Bcer^a (bijib cropoBHBBaMB caifofl nojHofi B^porep- 
nuocTB^ B sa BCBJiK)9eHÍe]rB h6bo8moshsxx aAaMBTOBx, BCTpe6jieH- 
ma ď^BSBOH), cBo6oxBHe no npnpOA^ CBoeft HeiOB^^iecsifi yiTB b 
feioBi^ecBoe čepme nojiBsoBajiBCB na Ta6opi no^iBOK) cbo6oaok) b 

BB XifiCTBBTeJnbBOCTE. O^OBB JUOtionUTHO, HTO TepHBMOCTB B^ Hy- 

UKB mb^híbitb pocjia no HŠpi «BpafiBOCTB» nocjiiAOBaxeiíefi 
lya: Bcero TOjepasTB^e 6hj[b Bpaftflie TaCopBTBi, Boxopue A^se 
n espeflcBoS pejiflrÍBí axoMy npe^Hexy BpafiHBro oxBpan^enia vh 
epc;KBÍe B^Ba, oxBocBJíflCB cb yBasesieirB; Menie xepnBMx Cuji^ 
nmo «yH^peHHiifl» HEassa, a cobcíicb «yMÍpeHH£[e» npasaBo 



^)Ta]»se,cip. 861* 
Jcatk Y.— €£HTiiBP&, 1863. 6 



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82 BftCTÍlK^b IBPoilfi. 

Hep^AKO cjRHrajiH xtx^B eBflmeHHHROBii ROTopue ocMfbjmBMucb ciy- 
atHTB 6e3% opnarB ^). 

OcranoBHMca lenep^ Ha naHÓoaie JuoÓoiniTHiirB ^eper^qe- 
CTBax:b» H tfesi Toro epera^ecBaro TaÓopa. SaniiHirB scraTHi hto 
BaTOJiHHecBie nHcaTejiH npeAHaH^peHHO ne orxtoHxrb rjaBHaro 
flApa Ta5opHTCTBa on RpaftHiix^B cemrB ero h Cb (ojBiniim yxo- 

BOJBCTBieiTB IipHnHCtIBaK)TB MHOrOTHCfl^HOHy ^BESeHÍK) TO, HTO 

6ujio A^jioiTB H']&cBOJiBKHX'B coTeH'B. BopoHeiTB H TO uasaTs: AU 
KaiojiBBa XV-ro B^xa ÓsiJii oxEsaKOBO ysaceni h yMŠpeHHiift 
« Ta6opHrB, nponoBŠAUBaBmifi coi^ajniBirB nepBtixi BpeiiefrB zpH- 
criaHCTBa, h axaMHTL, AOBOXHBímS B0MMyHH8M'B ffi ofin^HociH seffB; 
emy oxHHaBOBO xasajicfl nc^aAÍeMx axa OTHOCHiejiBHO yiiipeHHiiS 
IIpoKoni; cuTaBmiit noKiOHeme HROHau^B flsiivecTBOirByH «nBRapxi>, 
OTBepraBmifi 6osecTBeHHOCTb lecyca XpncTa. 

EiHse BcbTb Ri HÍpoco8epi](aHÍio ďonniHHCTBa xáÓopHTOBi nox- 
xoxHJH xHJiiacTu, — -Ay ROTopue nponoBŠxuBajiH o noai'fixHBX'b 
XHflxi (consummatío seculi). «MHe'B o rohiv^ nipa, noflBHBmifiCA yse 
vh nepBiie Bi^Ra xpecriaBCTBa; bi (ypnua BpeifeHa ryccmcTBa 
CHOBa osM^B. JIh>xh ch pasropfl^eHHOfi ^aHiasieK) yse cmmau 
ÓBTBaxi, sHajHy ^TO CRopo BOscTaHen Hapox'B Ha napox^ h 
i^pcTBO npoTHBi i^apcTBa; ohh yse necjiH na cedft HeHaBHCTB sa 
CBOK) Bipy H BHA&iH iiepsocTB sanycrtnifl na u^bcrb cbat^ npex* 
CRasaHHyK) AamEJiom; eosbejiecb «jiosHHe npopoRE» (TaR'B Bsa- 
hmho RopEXE xpyn xpyra nponos^XHERE Bpasxe6HKX'B cropoHi); 
nocjíš dToro ecrecTBeHHO RasajioeB osExaiL, ^to ebetce no CRasa- 
hík) e «G£iHi ^ejiOBÍŘ9ecRÍS» fb CBoeirb Moryn^ecTBi e cjub^* ^). 
XEJiiacra «roBopEJU[, hto bc£ aojushu óhtb Ópaiui iiesxy cotioio, 
HTO He xojisho Óbítb rocQOxi, ^o herto ne xo^seH'B 6GrrB nox- 
xasTB xpyroHy; TaRse roBopEiE ohe, ^to saciaHeri laRas jm6ohh 
vb Jiioxflxi, 9T0 BCflRoe EHyn^ecTBO y hetb 6yxerB o6^ee| a TaRse 
seHEi: e6o bc£ Ůyfyrh cBO<k>XHiie chhh 6osbe e xn^epE (tesÍH 
E se 6yxeTx orxaBaHÍE tojbro xpyn xpyry AByx!BOcofo»^^). 

Hto Racaercfl xpyrEX^B laÓopcRExi epecefi, tiojBnioe ^euo ro- 
Topux^B laR^B nopasEJO 3fleE Ceibbíe, to b(A owb esb^hh y 
xpoHECTOKB Toro BpeMesE noxi EifeneMi <nERapxoRB», ^t6 eciB 
Ecnop^eHBoe «6erapx^». TaR'B HasuBajacB oxsa HExepianxcRaE 
pa^iofla2ECTElecRafl ceRia, h^crojibro coti npERepseHi^e^B roto- 
pofi, npocjEimaBx o pejEriosnoM^B x^EsenÍE vb ?exÍE, ompaBE- 



*) Enimmel, crp. 52. 

2) HcT. ciaB. JUT. lí, cTp. 863. 

>) Ilaiai^sift, 2-e ^emcsoe iiax. D. III. C. n. Cíp. 9. 



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TÁBOPHTH. ' , 83 

aicL ly^a u «3apa8HJiH> cbohmi yqemeifB MHoraxi ryccHTOBi ^). 
Tasí BWb JlaspeHTÍt npHnHCHBaen CHMBOJH^ecRoe noflBMame 
npHHaiE^eHÍH, ycsoeHHoe xa^opEiaMH. BerapAS, yrposaeifiie «yM^- 
peHHHMB» npasaHaMH, cBopo y^ajiajiHCB h3% ^ezÍH, «ho cíha EXh 
ocnuocB» , laiťE ^). El bot'b orb hhxi-to bc£ BpaflHie ceBTaHTBi 
Ta6opa nojy^HJiH o6ínfie HasBanie «nHBapAOB%», xota ohh pacna- 

lUHCb HE fiiCBOJIBXO TOJiKOWh^ HBBŠCTHHX^ nOA'B HMeHeKl a^aMH- 
TOBl, HHKOJiaHTOBl; BaJLXeHCOBl H XP- 

Dox^ sapjaBÍeiTB «ArticaIi de Picardis» mndiewh y JlaBpeHria: 
«Ohh HaeiiBaiorB nany rjia80K> epeiHBOBi; laBse yTBepsx&K)rB ohH| 
9T0 nanai BapxHHajiii h enHCBOOH ne nuiiorh tioJiBine asro- 
pgreia, ^íu% csluelř npocrofi CBumeEůnvh. Tanse, hto hb jiftjmůo 
ÓHTB HH i^epBBefi, HH ajiTapefi| he ocBfln^enHiixi BjaA^Eii^i, hh 
BjnejeSy hh sasExi-JíH^o yspameHÍS. PasyBpameHHue xpaMu He 
HysHu; OBE HH^o HHoe, Basi BopoBCBie npETOHu. TaBse roBO- 
parB OHE, ^TO EopB HeHaBEABrB xonsypu bjiephbobi; CBfln^eHHE- 
iecBEME njimaMH ycijiano neBjío. TaBse cwxaiorb ohe ne Hys- 
HHiTL BCflBaro poxa MOHamecTBo. Tasse ne b^patb ohe vh TaEH- 
CTBO pyBonoaoseHÍE (confírmationis). n^HÍe bjiepabobi^ e HTenie 

UHOHE^eCBBX^ "IBCOB^ EBSUBaiOrb C06MhE¥% JLSeWh fl rOBOparB, HTO 

le AOJisHO 611TB HEBaBEX'B MOJETBx, spoM^: «Oi^e Ham^B*. TaBse 
roBopsn^ HTO ne cjL^fyerh mojietbce CbatoS ]{í>bí MapÍE e xpy- 

FElTb CBETUlTBy e6o li nOrjfOn^eHII He($eCHCIHE pa^OCTEME E Etí 

SBaDTB, HTÓ dfíbch A^aeTCfl cb HaME, caŽAOBaiejiBHO, ho EHTepecyH)TCfl 
oxasuBaeMHMi emi noHETanieiTB. Tasse ne xepsarB ohe HHBa- 
m% npasxHEBOBTB, ne npasxHyiorB ohe he BOCBpecenBí, he a&h 
BoropoAHipiHa, h6o, tobopetb ohe^ hím'b ÓoJBme npasAHEBOBi, 
tíitb ÓojiBme rpinniTCfl vh lafiniixi e ^acxHBOCB H^kraxír. He vh 

SaSEX^B CBETUXl OHE HO BŠpflrB: HE Vh CB. HeBOJBE, HE Vh FpE- 

repifl, HE vh AfirycTEHa, he vb AifBpocúi, he b'b BEHecaasa, he * 

BB lepOHEMa E T. Am TOHHO TaBSO E Vb CBflT£[X'B A$B'B HC B^- 

py»rB H MOH^aiTB hxi He noBiOHEHyíCE. TaBse roBopin-B ohe, ^rro 
Bci xpECTÍane — ^ash^hebe, laB^B BaBi EM^iorB EsoÓpaseniH cbetbtxi 
I pacHETÍE. Snasi Bpecra ohe ne npH3HaH)ix, roBopE, ^to ne cxi* 
^erB noHHTaTB BpeerB, na soropoirB becíjtb XpECrocB. EpecrB 
m BBC&iHi](a,' Ha Boiopofi B^majui pasÓofiHEBOBi; tohho xaBse ne 
HQíUTaKrrB obe he lepnoBofi BopoHU, he BonsE, he njian^iHEita; 
Bee aro BH^ynaBO CBEB^eHHHBaifE) ^Totfii nasEiBca. To^bo laBase, 
lOBoparB OBE, HTO npoii;eccifl rija XpEcroBa ecxB o^na tojbbo 



*) Lamentíus, crp. il4. 
*) Tan se. 

6* 



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84 B^GTBVEl iBPona. 

rjynocTb; A&poBOCHi3iy gi tíjiomi Xpbctobumi BasuBaiorB hotujib* 
ROiťB, HeroDupeMi} BejioRofi d^^eccxoft JS^ianofi, BaaioM^E, HjS(OJioir&» ^) 

BŠpOyieHÚI APyrBX^B «nHBapACBl[X'B» TOJIKOBly BSJOSeHHIďfl Bl 

TOMy se y xpoHBCTOBi BpafiHe HecHcreMaTH^HO, no^ero ocoÓeHBo 
.iioóODliTBaro €0(!oK) Be npexcTaBjiBK>Tx. Bi o6b;bx'b ^epraxi obe 
BcnoB^^^uBaiifl TO, ^ló tojbbo Cujio npBBeAeso. OrjifliiajiHCB obh 
APjT% OTb Apyra TOJBBO 6ojiBniBM'B HJH ueuhmEWh BpB(!jBseBÍeii^ 
K^b 6B6jiefiCROll BpocTorb: xaB^B o^bb vb sejeBiifi ^erBepn c%ÍAftiB 
BFBeBBa, paspisaBsaro Ba 13 ^acrefi. HecB^AeflBoe OBBcsBraui, 
b6o Vb RBBrt Hcxoxa CBasaBo: b fiyxere bu toi arBi^a, ho xasi^ 
^To6u Bi yxpy BB^ero ae ocrajiocb on aero, a ixó ocraflercfl, to 
coaunTe. SaT^irb obb mujib fpjvb xpyry bofb, ÓJiarocjiOBJíiiJB 
npicBuS xjíi&h B MBoro es^e ApyrBX'B 6ir6jeficBBXx o6pflAOBi> co- 
BepmajB ^). 

Mu yse saiiiTBJB Bume, ^to CBtA^HÍa o ^BBBapAaxi^^ cb^bbo 
nepoByTaBu y xpoBBCxoBx, xaiTB hto xpyxBO cocraBBTB ce6i o bbxi 
bdojibI^ OT96TJiBBoe npoACTaBJíeBie. 3tb cb^a^bía BpoHŠ Toro otjih- 
"saiOTCfl ÓojiBmofi bobojbotok). TaRx, Banp.^ BecBna Majo bbbíctbo 
0, tíxx ^BQRapAaxi*; ROTopue bi epexBB']^ XV-ro ctojítw 
oÓxoABJíB 9exiio, OTpBi^afl (k)secTBeBBOCTB iBcyca XpBcra. Bo^bme 
CBŠA^BÍtt coxpaBBJOCB O TaBi-BasHBaeMuxi «aAaifBTax'B». 

«IICXOAfl B3% BaBXeBCTB^eCRBXl Ha^ajLO^, HOSOTB <5UTb, Bacjš- 

AOBaBBiix'b orb RaRoll-BBfiyAb cpexseBŠROBofi epecB, obb yrseps* 
xaJiB, ^To b'Itb bb A^aBOia, bb Eora, hto obb ecrb toíibro bs 
Ao6piixi B 8JIIIXI jiK)AHX!b; BBXOAH CBflTofi xyxx Bi caMBX'B ce(Si, 
OBB OTBeprajB BcaBÍa rhopb b sanoB^XB; Bce nufbEie y BHX-b 6aio 
oúuifiey 6paR^ obb c^'flTajiB rpšxoKi, — BisoropBíe spoŠoBaaH A&se 
xoABTb BaroMB, BpeABOJiaraa bi cetit pafiCByH) seBBBBOCTb; y bbxx 
flpBBBTO 6ujio, BaROBei^i, H8BÍCTHoe B sameMy pacROJiy 6oseaBeB- 
Hoe ojiBi^eTBopeBie, BOTOMy hto RaRoro-xo Ilerpa aasHBaiB obq 
cuBOM'b Bosieifb, a oabofo cejiBBflBa MBRyjsasia (t.-o. HflROJiaii, 
onoro B BCfl coRTa BasuBaorcfl xaRse «BBRO«laBTaMB>)MoB€eeM'b... 
^TOTb odpas^BRi ROMMyBBBMa Hamejti Bpara vb Síiiub,k% Roropiii 
B BCTpe6B;rb bxi He6ojiibmyB) oÓBiiBBy vb 1421 r.» ^) ^BSRa 
BiieBBO BcbTb Bxi cseTb, wb TOWb míQjA B xeopeTHBa corth, 
MOJiOAoro cB2D^eBBBRa ' MapTHHRa FoycRy, Bocfln^aro Taase bha 
JlORBHca (oTb .laT. loquor) sa CBoe RpacBop^de. UpoAx cMepTbX), 
aAaMBTu, no opsnameBiio Hbsrb, Hasosajs CBoe BŠpoy^eBie^ 



*) TaMi ace, CTp. 503 — 505. 

•) Laurentius, exp. 506. 

•) HcT. ciaB. JHT. II, cíp. 864. 



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TÁBOFITH. 85 

lOTopoe H 6uÁo Torxa sanHCtoo h i^jihboice opaBeAeHO yJIaBpeH- 
tía. ?HTaTejB, b^poatho, ho nociiyerB na eaeB, ecjis u mu npH- 
iexem Bce «cr€do» 870S jiRXJonsTH^ftinefi hsi TaÓopHTCBHxx cesTi. 
'Bo-nepBux^B (ohh csasajiH), hto Óiije nay^eHfii cBfln^eHHB- 
lon MapTHHBOiTB JIoBBflcoirb SI ďosHOMy BsrjsAy Ha npEHAiie 
qiOBH H liih FocnoAa Hamero lacyca XpHcra; ohh crajiii Hasu- 
BSTB TÍ(jaM*B óomnwh oÓHBHC^eBfiHfi xaštfi H Booóqe BCflByH) nanty. 

y Him BiVh EEErh, o BOTOpEIX^B (^H HO BaÓOTflTCJI, nOTOMy HTO, 

roBopsTL OHH, sasoHEi (SoauR Ha^epraHu b% hxi cepxi^axi. Rop^a 
OBI HBH)n, TO npoBSBOcjm <OTTO Ham%» TaBHHi o6paaoifi: <OT<ie 
BaoTBy Bse ecH ez hocb^ xa hpocbíth naes h t. a* 

«Item, OHH HO HuŽHnrL B^pu (0DpeA'i&jeHH0fl); namy »e B^py 

C^HTaiOrB JOSHOfi. 

<Item, OHH HO 8HaH>T% npaSXHHBOBl^ BCi AHH 7 HBX^ paBHEI 

Mes;(y co6oh>: cexBifofi a^hb ohh nasuBaiDrB npocro ce^BMEiirB noA* 
paBxijieBieirB. 

^Item^omiHenpBSHaiyrB nocTOBi&, ho spyn bo bcakoo BpeMf. 

«Item, HeÓo om saBEiBaDrB spumefi nax^B jh)abhh, a Bofb, ro- 

BOpflTB OHH, SHBen HO HB HefiŽ, HO Vh A06pHX'B JIH)AflX<B; iiepTE 

Be Bi neBJrt, a bi^ sjuarB jiH)AflX'B. 

<Item, OHH yTBepsAaioTXi hto i^epsoBB CBarafl yaae HcnpaBjíeHa 
(m) H TFo (noTOMy) ohh Újfjvh ryrh shtb bíhho. 

<Item, H^Boero Óerpa ohh HassajiH IncycoirB CuHoirB Bosbhitb^ 
a HÍBoero Hasojiafl — MoHceeirB, c^Braii ero mBOH> h pyBOso- 
mejKWb i^avo iripa. 

«Item, HifóiiBajH ohh Incyea XpHcra cboh]|'b Ópwsowh, BOTopoMy, 

^XBaSO, HaSBBfl XOB^fcpBTB, TBB^ BBVB OHI yMOpB: CsSTOft SO fljTh^ 

fOBopBTB OHH, EHEorAB HO yMspaerB, a Geikb BosíB xoJiseHB 6wPh 
BpaiEBOiTH on Cbbtoto jQíjxa. 

«IteHi, B!B ochob^ CBoero y^enÍH ohh bjbjh pacnyrcTBo, tbvb 
un vh nfleaHÍfl CBasano: pacnyTHHBH h nenoipeÓHEifl aceHn^HHH 
fM^fte Bot^^fn Bi i^apcTBÍe BetfecHoe. IIoBTOMy ohh ho xotíijih 

BpHHBlCafB Vh GBOft OCWn TOFO, BTO WB ÚUJth pftCayTHUMl HJIH 

pienyTHOi; wse najieHBBafl a^boi Ba, nocrynas b^b hhitb, xoiSHa 
lua 611TB oÓee^enieHE h sartvB coBepmaTB (tb hbhh Henorpetí* 
iXBM. GoTJiaeHO <sBomy sMOfiy ohh Mmm TaBHirB oÓpasoii^B: bcš 

BJSIBHH R BDMfl^lHH paSiPt^BaJHCB, HOTOITB Haríe TBHI^OBaiH BO* 

wfjn oraa, paeir&Bai hšchh o xecani saaoBftABXi ((osbhx^b; aa- 

liVB, OCiaHOBlBHIBCB y OrHB, OHH CMOiptlH ApyPB HB ApyFB H 

«..BeBBÍA syBHHBa CMbmwxk rptniBTB ch BaBoft^HBtiyxB laran^BHoft, 
H BcaBBi Bceflouifla CHinuija rp6mHTB cb BaBHirB-HHÓyAB Mys- 
VBot. PaenajiHRB cboh coaomcbíh noxon h passenmi fb ceói 



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86 BftGTEEfirb IBPOnH. 

CTpaCTIi, ^0 OHB HaSUBaiH HCnOJIHATB HOJÍK) BOSEK), OHH TBOpUH 

xiaBOJíBCBoe H sai^iix KynairacB vh pisi... 

<Ite]ii9 0<$i BHzi pascBasiiBajiH, tro obh pscBaniiBUH Morajiu 

CBflTUXX: 

«Item, roBopuH obe, hto Badymijo speiifl npHmecTBifl cexB- 
voro aarejia, oÓ^n^iBHoe b^ OrsposeBÍH CBiioro loaflaa, sorxa 
BpoBB npojiBeTai no Bcefi BeMx6 no rojioBy lomaxfl; soca yse sa- 
necesa sa^B Bcefi Bcejiensofi, FOBOpBjra obe, a ce6fl BastiBajH an- 
rejiaKH ($oskbbmB| BEcnociaBEHiiB otomctbtb Mipy b EsrBatB bcb- 
xoe 8J0 BffB i^apcTBa tiosin. Obb ebsofo ne n^axBin, a yÓBBajB 
xysuBXi BLeBn^HBi E fibreí, ebeofo bo jm^AB\ no BO^airB obe 
npexaBajiE otbso ropová e ceja, a lassEO Jiuxell, bpeboab nps 
9T01IX cjofia IlBcaflifl: o bojbo^b pas^ajicB spEsi, e t. a. 

«Itemy obe ABeiťB ape^aBancB yÓitCTBy, a no noiaMi— Be- 
BorpeÓCTBy. 

<Item, BasHBajiE obe cboe ytfi&CTBa e BJiOA^fiCTBa CBan^eBHiiirB 
A^OMi, Bo (ECTEBBufi) saBOBi FocnoxeBB npOBJEflaiE. 

«Iteni, BasHBajiE obe naniExi cBan^eBEESOBi BOBJíon^eBEUifi^ 
XiaBOJioiTB, E noTOMy yÓEJiE CBan^eBEEsa loansa. 

^Iteniy BassiBajiE obe Bsymeflie liia XpECioBa zjií(k)Bopiue- 
BieaťB. 

<Item, OABa seBnyiBa cpexB BExxflasBajia ceóa Mapiefi e ot- 
xaja CBOK) rojiOBy eaTo, ^iio npoBeia oxayBOiB cb oxbeitb tojbbo 
HysHEBofi, sa HTO OBE caME ee oCesrjiaBEjiE. 

«Item, roBopBJíE obe cboeitb exBBOMumjeBflBBairB, "ixo bc£ se- 
npiflTeiE, BOTopne npoTEBi betb BUcryniTB, oďbnByn e ne bi 
cocTOEflíE ÓyxyrB noBpoABis eitb, ecjiE fíose o6pymaTCE bc^hi 
tBOEMi Horyn^eciBOK^B. 

«Item, OBE fle Óobjiecb be xojioxa^ be sapa, TavB Basi BCH)xy 
piiCBaiB rojnie, noxo6BO xouy sasB AxairB e £Ba xoxbjie fb 
paiD» ^). 

Mu npEBeiE E8i JlaspesTu Bce mšciOi Bacann^eecfl axaME- 
TOB^i laKB san bto exEBCTBeBBiiĚ nepBOflCT0^mEB'B, AaK)n^ífl no- 
XpoÓBoe OBEcaBÍe arott yxEBETeiBBofl cenu. Ho Óhjio 6u 6on- 
moft oniEÓBOtt npBBEMaTB lyrB Bce á la lettre. Bo bc6 spenesa 
060 BcirB spafiBBxi napriflxi pacnycKainrCE BCflBÍe ysacii. Tpywo 
XonycTBTB, V(y6u jík)xb, ffifyuBsmieaí xo riyéOBO-j^JOCo^Baro 
paj^iOBajfESHa^ bi poA'6) Banp. tofo, tto xiuoaa nirh e ^to orb 
cyniecTByerB toubo bii bjhxi jiE)XflX!B e t. b., TpyxBO xonycTBTB, 
HTo6u fasíe jidxb 6u3m npocro pasEpaTEBSE. UpociBe paBapaTBESE bo 



') Laarentíos, crp. 600—501. 

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TIBOPITH. 87 

yupaKyrB tokb, saiKb yMepjm axaMHm, oxnpaBjíeHHue SBLesbok) he 
soctepi. A yiiepjH ohh ^pesBunattao nysecTBenHO, ixo ikcBex^TejiB- 
CTBOBaHO eaafHiTB dneeirB CHJibBieiii: «paxocTHO h pacniBaji rHiiHur^ 
ni2H OHH Ha ofepTB H njiaMeHB ofhii xepa^^BO CHecjiH». O&b 
810HX ase pascBasuBaiorB h Apyne hcio^ihhbh. 

%o saeaeicfl ocHOBareu oesni MapTEnaa loBBHcay to 9to 
ojpHi B8I1 ÓiiecTflH^Rxi nHcaxeiefi CBoero BpeiieHH. O HpaBCTBeH- 
lofi se ^^ohomíh ero Hairb ffixrh nomme npexcMepiHua cjiobb 
&:o: <^ éjiaroAapD voero Bóra, — mican owh ladopcBHiťB (paTbflH^By 

— TO) OH!b OCBO(k>XH.rb MOHA QTh SBŮXyXJÍfiBJŘj H fl BeCMO OSH^aH) 

lenepB CHepTH». 



v. 

^ npaBHJBHaro noBHiiaHifl Bcero Bonpoca sasHO pascMorpi- 
me oxHoft ciopoHu Ta((opHTCBaro xrasemfl, o BoropoĚ ocotienno 
jD&in pacnpocipaHflTBCfl wb BpasxeCnne Ta6opy hctophbh. Mn 
roBopBiTB o xaRb-HasiiBaeifuxx «ryccHTCBHxi ysacar&>y Bceujbjío 
npiHHeHBaeiiHza^ BpaiHBinb yrpanBACiam, T.-e. xaCopniairb* «y]i%- 
peHmie> npaxane h^bojibbo BHropasHBaH>TCfl h h9 6effb oghobb- 
m, Tftn BaBi Bec& tohi ryccBTCBHicB BofiHairB ffiMjm HMenno 
laÓopBTB. XmsíWj IIpoBOHU, HHBOJiaĚ Tycbj Slwh mvb IBLejiHBa, 
Eopaaxa h xpyrie, Boe Boo^n^e, ito BnxaBajioeb y yrpaBBHcroBib 
yBom, laiaBTOiTB^ raeprieK), bhcoboh) HpaBciBeHHOCTBK)— Bce sto 
ni«cTajo Kb ia((opBTairb, h HOBVoMy na CKBMhio noAcyAHMuxb cy^t^B 
■eropÍH xojrseHi) BOHewo, nocaxRTB vrb. Ohh x&iTejH, na^Hna- 

ren, OHH, CJl'6WBai!eiBH0, H OTB^TCIBeHHIie JIK)AH. 

OrpaHHO 6suo 6u orpnqaTB li ÓesiBCJieBHEíe ^m^btei secroBO- 

01 ia0OpHTOB%| BOTOpiie HapaBHŠ CB 06n^eCTBeHHHMH «BaAflMH» 

WDTh TBBott HeHC^epnaeMufi MaTepian x^h bosmosho-apboS paa- 
pieoBBi aia, noposxeHHaro Ta(k>pHTCBHirB XBBseHieif^. Ho iroóu 
iptBHJBHO eyxHTB nůh BTOiTB npexM6TÍ, He HysHO 8a6iiBaTB Aparo- 
](lHBarD npaBHMy iro Bce Ha cabrt oiHOCHTejiBHO. Ben aroro npa- 
ma cepBAHOMy h8Cjí'6;(obmíb> nim sosMoaiHocrH opieHTHpoBaTBea ib% 
moipnecBMs% BBxeHíflrB. Een Bioro npaBHia cbojbbo nynaro 
wgmBOf^m xosHO HorpaniTB, Beroxyn na GoBpaia h IIiaTOHa 8a 
10, m> OHH Be BOBCiaBajiH npomn pa6cTBa, na JlacB-Kasaca, boto- 
|ri^ cvrnu eeésí b AtttciSBTeiBHo 6yxy^H ipeaBuiaftBO ryHanHHifB 

b| Hoxaji posraoB oobítb saiiiHHTB pa<$0Bi^^HA'6fii^eBi 
I, Ha Ty jia^HAapnyB) crapymBy, Boropas noxJiosBja 

BOor^[KB ryca, na o6sraat BpoBaBOfl Mecra, ne hchoj- 



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88 BAGTHm DPOIKE. 

HflTb BOTopo&y opraso, chhiiuocb BOBpexfl ero rocnoACiBa spattee 
($e3HpaBCTBéÉHHir&. Mhoto hosho Óbmú 6u iipiiBecni noAOÓHfitx^ 
4>aBT0Bi, BOTopBie HauflXHo noKasuBaBorB, xo sanrL Heji'6* 
nuxi H ÓesycjiOBBO HenpaBUbHux^B sauto^eHitt mosho jsflítm, 
ecjiH satfiiTb o npHHi](Hir6 OTHOcirenHOcrii bi HciopnecRHZ^B asjíe- 

HkX^Bi o TOM%, HTO HpaBCTBeHHUft CUtL^h HaOI^B eCTfc npO^XyKlTB 

HajnraH£ix'B ycjiOBifi xanHaro uictdL h Aasnaro BpeiieHB. Bon 
no^euj BCTopBBH, He^OAyH)I^ie Ha TaÓopHTcsifl secrosocTB h yciia* 
TpABannue bi» hhx^ cne^iaA!bnO'ma6opufncK!fto wpry, tojibbo lorxa 
hmíjih 6u npaBO HeroxoBaiB, ecjiHÓci imi yxaiocfc AOBasaiB^ qro 
npOiHBHBBH Hxi 61UH ryiiaHHÍe. 

Ho Heroxyiontie hctopbbh au noATBepsA^Hia CBoero HeroxoBa- 
HÍfl Bpoxt Toro HpoHBHecBH conocTaBjfliOTB TeopeTHiecsifi BAea- 
JUI8MX Ta6opa na leny o jíjoÓbu h o 6paTCTBÍ h xaieBO se esaH- 
rejbCBÍfl x^ficTBÍfl TaÓopBTCKaro BoficBa. OAHaso h bto o6cTOflTejn»- 
CTBO He AOKaBUBaerL BOBce cnpaBeAXBBOCTH HciopiBOBi. IIpoiioBtxyx 
na^ajia Boeo6iAefl jix)6bb, TaÓopHTu HB^iyTb ee npoTBBopb^iuH 
ce&by paciuaqBBaBCfc co cbohmb npoTBBHBsaiíH h» se opysiem. 
^.T0 6u BEi cBasajB npo Óoirapana, BOTopuft 6aniH-(SaByKy, whk- 
Maion^eiiy hosx, htoCei ero Bapteaib, iipoien 6u ú6mMLieMhwyv> 
jieBiuH) o xpBCTÍaecBott uopajH b saTibH^B noiopso noxcraBEjn 6u 
CBOK) meiD. HeyaKejH bu pimBJBCB 6u opo4>aHBpoBaTB no oiho- 
meHÍK) Kh TasoMy lejOBisy CiaropoAKoe ciobo «BX6aJBcn?» Bh 
6h npoeio nasBajH ero vsynuflwb h 6slu 6h, boho^ho, ooBepmeRHO 
npaBEi. JíjULhme uu yBHXBicE, ^m Borxa npooiJia nopa secioBHn 
roHeHiS, Bor^a TaÓopBTu nojiyiBiB usencmHtpo C6o6oěy mhwhíUj 
OHB crajiB o6pa8i(oirB xpBcriaHCSoft spoiocn. Ho Borxa npv- 
nuocB tfuTB jiBÓo MOioTom, jih6o HaBOBajBHetti Borxa o q^exiiem 
nyiH, o camixi hbhtoblheixi ycrynsasB ciapott cicreiiu ho mofjto 
tfuTB p^qe, TaÓopBTH, KOHewo, npoxQOui BOdopsecmoBaTB cpex- 

CTBaBíH Rpafiae AJB HBXB HeHaBBCTHUHH, HO Sa TO npHBOXHBmHm 

KB BLeiaHHofi j^ín. Teopeni^ecBH TaÓopiTH (Siuh ne toibbo npo- 

TBRB BOflHil, OHH OTpBI^H XaSO CMOpiHyK) SaSHB. Ho BOTXa XtlO- 

JUKE npoTBB^ caHux^B itHpHiix'B HpoBBjeHÍĚ HOBaro ABiseHÚ ny- 
CTHiB FB xox^B BecB sanaci cpexBeB&BOBOl secroBocn, la^ops- 
TaMi HBiero xpyroro He ociBBaiocB, BavB BHiSiBaTB xiihi uh- 
HOMi, Basi yfiilsxaTB cbobxtb hpotbbhhbohb exHHCiBeHHim o6par 

BOITB) A^fl HBXl AOCTynHHirB. 

nocrapaeif Cfl se noBasaTB, ^to toabo Bpainu HexodpocoBio- 
HOCTB Hju HOíHoe HeyiiÍHie npaBBUHO oi(£hbtb HCft^mecBía 
UM&msL MOsen roBopaiB o cneiQaxBHO-TaÓopiTCBOl secroBocn. 
jD^ Ta6opHTH tftuH BHorxa crpamHO secioBB, ho BO-HepBsrb, 



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TiBOFKTH. 89 

DOioMy, no Btofc fiHJiiaLecroKÍfl, h BO-BTopuxx, noTOMy, ^to hx^b 
saemaetiMí (Shtb asecTOREMH. IIotohi «yttacoBi» DpHHaA<ie3icu'B 

KOmMUKOMó^ H BCII BHBa TatiopÉTOBl, eCJIH O TaSOBOfi B006mfi 

mmerh wkte p£u, ooctobtb b% toitb, ^to ohh nosopeo' ee nojucra- 
Bui saKB 6apaHH CBoe ropjo no;rB bosi najiaqa. 

Ha6pocaarE se vb RpancHrb iieprarB rs opotebodojoshoctb 
lycearcKHirE <ysacairB» Bi^THey BaTOJEB^ecsott «itíirBOCTH». Bra 
eEBpaTflTenBaa Baprasa noKasen BaM'L, iio y Tafioporoei BBsa* 
lOfO Bii6(^ se 6iLio. 

EíBfi Torxa, BOrjia npanoBixB Fyca tojbbo-hto sa^sBajia npa* 
HisaTB vh flapoxB, ipoe lOBomefi-CTyxeflTOBi, nosBOJiHBniHx^ ce&b 
lacHiiaxB flaA^B xyxoBeBciBoiťB, tfíiJiB cxBa^HEi b icasfleflii ^) no 
BocraBOBjeBÍK) BiepBBajiKflaro npascBaro MarBcrpaTa. 3to Bapsap- 
czBo B6 ycnoBOBJío OABaBOse pesBorejiefi itepBBB b obb psyrb, n 
Me^iyi^ Tpefiyfl npBiiipflaro BaBasaBÍB bcíitb ojiyDíaTejflMi Fyca. 
Bb osBAftBÍB 26 ero npexcxaBBTaiB BaTOjra^ecBott BBiejiBreBi^ÍB 
aHiflBB>TB aBaeeifn b campu Ba npBBepsesiteBi Tyoa, soTopafl 
cioeK) rpytfocTBH) npeBoexo;AflTB Bce, lo ^evo uomevjp Aox]rMaTBCfl 
Kafiaiquifl ^^aBrasÍB. BacoBO-odpasoBasBafl ÁBsa bbi MoxoBa, sa 
10 qio xoxBn Ba sponoBtxB Fyca? ofijiBBaereB TaBBMi noTOKOM'B 
BioflWPsioĚ GpaBB, ^To MH Aase bo pžmaeifca bpbboxbtb ee no 
jtniBB ^* yse BO OAflOtt BeB^poaxBofi rpy6ocTB btoS 6paBfl moblbo 
ufetjCMtuWTh Ty lurBociB, Boropyn opaBAfl^afl i^epBOBB oÓBapysBn, 
lorxa ee Ba x'bjit saxciarB ycrpaBBTB sn sbbbb BucacuBae- 

BBTB eK> BapOXOBl. 

Ho Bon npej»>xui ROB^eBa. PasEirpHBaeTCB BepBHtt aarB Rpo* 
ttBot xpaiiH. rycToft AHM^ BOXHBMaerei eB RocrpoBib bobabeo- 
aaMy^eHEaro Fyca, (SescnixHO ocysxeBBaro lepoBBMa. Ob xax- 
wocruo nxHzaiorK peBBfliaiB (darG^ecria aanaxi coauseÉsaro epe- 
mecsaro Maca. AnnerETB esb padropaeios, obe npEcrynaiorB bi 
amM% BjacraM^B es pimBTexBBii]i'B Tpe(k)BaBÍeirB BOBTopaBÍB, r&Mx 
(Saxie^ 9T0 ÓeeexHXBHe wxb BpoxojiawDn x'bjio saify^eBBaro y^B- 
leiB CBoero, coitepavTCfl sa mjriiBiie «Ta6apii», rx^ roBopEn o 
n((BB, o 6paiCTBft, ofe eBaBrejocsoS spociort, o paBSECTBi b 
Vňty noxot^DBXi miinnxi Ben^axi. Haxo ci RopseirB BHpBaTB 
lee 8T0 Beiecrie, aaxo xumc^tb Bocrpon BaxymBTB (SesnoRottBo me- 
lauHiiyDCB i^BTEiecRyB) mhcjb. FyocBTii cjEniRoirB aeso bobe^ 
Mwn BacxpeeBie cbobu BparoBi b naioMy sarau^aDTca sa bce* 
tíĚ ciyiat opysieiTB. Ho obe bo x^jiaHxrB wn Bero BERaaoro 



I) DiBls, 117. 
<) Iteft se, cíp. 



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90 BWtUSVh IBPOHff. 

ynoTpe6ie9Úi h inipHO npoxojiauuBOTi cboh Ópaicsix cxo^^finii^a. Torxa 
KaTOJHRH lO^ro H0fl6pfl 1419 roxa nepeue jíhidmn rso^wB% se- 
cxosociefl, Hanawff na iqHxrrOjmxHHoro, ompaMHommcg ciy 
maiB nponoBÍbxb eBaHreiBCBaro paneeciBa, ii8(Suaa hxi h satfipai 

no xeopifl re^jiepa s nox., ryccHiAMi, BOHeiHO, c^AOBajo 
no^Jiaro^apiiTB KaionBORb sa oňísaTejuHO npeiioxaHHHĚ ypon. 
Ho OBM nociyrajH BHane. B-imeHas apocn oBjaff&ia imh, Korjta 

Vbcuh o B^pOJlOMHOm, HH^ITB HO BHBBaHHOlTB EBÓÍeBÍH paOipO- 

crpaHHjacB, h oua aiofi apocni 6iua laiOBa, ^rro saTOJiHBH Ósui 
cjioMJieHH vh Btoeoji&BO ^acoRB. npara oiyruacB vh pysaxs lu- 
TesHHBOBi. H HTO se oxHaBO? dni i»xn HHiasHrB yaaaooffb ceéi 
He nosBoauH h HecHorps Ha cbok^ no6ixy aasncrnuai ce uo&bmr 
xeHHHMH nepeMHpie na nojax)xiu Ilepeiuiine cocroaio fb toms, 
iTO xaiojiHBH oÓflsajHCB HO npenflTCTBOBaTE ryccBTaiTB coGEpanoi 
H no cBoeMy TOJBOsaTB nponoeixB BejuDearo yiHsejfl. 

HepeMBpie npoxoiisajiocB caiioe HH«!OSHoe KonraecTBO qie- 
vera: ew napymuAu namoAUKU ^. H BapyiiiHJiH c:b laKOD 8BÍp- 

CBOH) SeCTOBOCTBK), TEO HO OTOMCTHTB Sa HeO BXBOtst — BHaiEJTO 6bí 

oÓHapystTB sHBOTHoe orynŠHÍe. ryccHTii 6umsl BCTpe((iaeini, rx$ 

TOJIBSO HpeXCniBIflJiaCB BOSMOSHOCTB. Bb 0C06eHH0CTfl OTJOraHJUCB 

H^^H-pyxosoim, HacejMBmie EyTHyK>*ropy. Ssipcn cxBanLn on 
ryccHTOBi, H He pasÓHpai noia h Bospacra, npexBapHrei&HO miy- 
HHBmH vrb BoeB08ifoaHiivH cnoootfaioiy ch pyraTeJUCTBaím 6po- 
caiH Vh mazTH. ^to($h yBeju^HTE ysacB srott crpaiiraol cnepn, 
6pocaHÍe rb Óesxny npoESBOxHJiocB bi TeMHiu rohm. Bojnme 
Bcero 6uA0 6pomeHO ryociiovb vh mazry cb. MapriHa, h y na- 
juraefi XBaTHJO CTOJiBBO xynieBHOfi sarpy^&iocrH, vrodH Hacvtai- 
jHBO nepeHMeHOBatB ary maxiy vh «Ta6oprB». Tauiii nyreirE 
noFHÓJio do IfiOO HeAoenM. dra ysacBaa i^ýpa x^jaerb Han 
HOHflTHHHi, nowKy H86ieBie na BpeMa npespanitajiocB: yfiittivi yera- 
BajiH OTB paaMipoRB spoBaBott pa6oT0. Ho onyxa oxHasoaie 
6iuo BBflii KyTHoropqawB Tasoe orpoMHoe soLuraeciBO epenson? 
KyTHafl-Topa (teuia npenfyn^pcrBeHHO HaceieHa (kiaFoiecTKBfiafH 
B^MiiaMH H epecB ne cbhm ce(% Tam npomaro rnjtexa. 

Otb&tb HeB^poireETb, ho 'Am ne uesA% npasxHBi h sacBH- 
xfoej[BccBOBaH!B xHoniMH xpoHHCiaia: lacTB HHSMpraaoirL bi 
niazTH, igriHoropipi jobhu caiiH, a mcmh ntrnifnojm y cocndeA 



1) Erammel, cíp. 28. 
s) TaMi se. 



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TiBOPJmi. 91 

da demnu^ npn^eirB sa npocToro ryccRxa njarajn no oxHofi Kont 
rpomet, a sa CBameeHHBa no naTH ^). 

MhOFO OMepSHTeiBHUX^B SeCtOBOCieft, MHOFO HJHOBWSHEUrb 

srtpcTKb 8HaerB scropifl h Hcropii cpexHHXi b^robi rb ocoóeňao- 
cn. Ho TO, ^To XH TOJiLso-HTO pascusajiHy npHHaAJiesflTB bi qHCjr)r 
Tin 4^aKT0Bi, BOToporB, Bi ^ecTH HejOBiqecTBa, oran](eaiB Bcero 
bícboj&bo Ha npoTflJceHiH TuesTOJiiTÍft. Kasi oxHa mh rpanAioB- 
flttuHrb 9U0Th Bceiripfioft BCiopiH, ryccBTCsaji lOJisna 6£ua po- 
jpRBCfl vn rpaflxíoBinixi yciOBift, h ecjH ki sBtpcTBy MOsen 6eitl 
ufmiamewh amnerb rpasxíosHHft, to ByTHoropcBax 6oŘn& sacjiy- 
mMB$eTh ero Óen Bcasaro cnopa. Ilpocro cirtniHO roBopaiB 
o seooBOCTfln Ta6opHTORB npH conocraBJíe^iH ci hce). Á^ě- 
OBHTaiBHO, Ta0opHTH paspymaiH itepBBii e MOHacrapH, cserajtH 
Aú Tia it&iiie ropoAa, HSĎHBaaH tucb^b JooffiŘ; ho vbjsf> bc& dto 
jtiiajiocB Bi HHJiiy 6htbh, bopab Bcasifi HejaiOB%Bi, 6yxB ohb caMiii 
xpjmúĚ^ OTL BHxa BpoBH H noi!B BJii)iHÍeiťB ^BCTBa caxocoxpane- 

His, CTBHOBHTCH XHBBITB SB^peiTE. KOF^a OCaSXOHHHe BaxOJIHBH 

ofiiiBajH ocasxaDHpnTB TaÓopHxoBi SHOHn^eio cmojoh), to Ta6o*- 

pra X^ftCTBHTeJIBHO nOTOMl H6 OCTaBJUUH BaMHfl Ha BaMHi H HO 

xaBan HHKOMy non^aAii. Borxa specioHocnoe onoj^enie, no cosHa* 
BÍD eamai se MTOjraHeciHX*B j^aHcneBi, cormiini HstfiBajio Ta- 
iopmcKwa x^Tefly to TaÓopHTH x^ttcrBErenHO oinjiaiHBajH tok> 
se xoHeroK); naKOHeii^, Borxa ^epecb rojTB nocji 6pocaHÍB bi 
HiaxTH TmfiopBTH B8BJÍH RyTHyD-Fopy, OHH ne ocrajHCB vl 6ojb- 
flieiTB j^oiry y saTOJHBOBi. 3to Óuih ne^annue hjoau crpacrnMI 
sasjíH MeciH, Ha noiOBHHy 6e8C08HaTenHHfl aíActbíh Hanpasen- 
moh ffi nocAnatít^ creneHH nepBOKB, ciOBOirB — npoflBjeHÍH ne- 
Bv^iiajBHaro, Heraífoflenaro cocToamB. Ho HH^ero noxotiHaro ne 
teio paBBme y ByrHoropi^eBx: hitb mcthtb Ósjio ho sa hto; ohh ne 
oSopoHineBy Doroiiy hto hhbto na bhxi ne Hana^ai^; ohh ne 
duME OTyxaHeHH mynoiix tinTBu; ohh 6iiih BnoJH'6 HopMajBHH, 
nia xasB xase HaxoXBjni fb ce&b jiOctůito^EO Beceiaro Hacrpoe- 
Hii| iw6u npixyiiHBaTB nacif^bnuHBHJi HasBama. Bcs 8Ta ysacnaa 
(Mhu npoiBBOXHJiaeB xiaxaoBpoBHO, hhiíitb ne BasBanHas h He 
saeiyseHHai. JIdxh choboSho noB^ajicB ajh MyieHÚi h ora cio- 
poflE syTHoropexoi 6ottHH, Bone^Ho, caMaa ysacHaa, h A'&iaerB 
ce noHTH ÓesnpHiiipHOfi q)exH pasHBx^ sBftpcn^B, onrtqeHHiixB 
Miopieft. noqriMTB jB)xe& cb enracTBenHOK) v&ibd npexaTB hx% 
j^yiBTejBHUmdl CMepTH — ffi eroro ne xoxoahjtb hh HepoH<B, hh 

>) Cx. 060 Bcem 9T0111 y I&BpeHTÚi isi BpaMsoBA, cíp. 346; lasxe Martina 
fnlhena s Seprynsperku, Chronica, cíp. 144; .Chronicon Yeterís Gollegiati Pragen- 
A«, cíp. 79. 



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92 fi^CTHR^ XBPOHH. 

loEHHi PposHutty HH ffpyrífl ne^ajiiHEa^a sEhueuvĚtocm droro pas- 
paja. Eov]ífiLiffh 1520 ro^y XpecríaBi 11^ nojty^iiBinifi anHien «ci- 
Bepearo HépoHa», Bejrijr& cxBaxHTb cro H)Homeft, iiOAosp^BaeMEixi 
RL saroBopi npoTHBi fiero, h JtíAwh nwh npHBas&ai orpyiSHTb ro- 
jiOBU, TO HCTopU omiiiua 9Ty BasHb nox'B Eueuem «cTOBroiBii- 
csofi BpoBaBofi 6aHH> H naicaTB o nefi saneceHa wh BJieMeHrapHiie 
y^eÓHHSH. Kasofi se vb laBOiTB cjiyqa'6 BUBTerB ocraercu na aoud 
KyTHoropcBaro 8B'&pcTBa? 

Ecjni<$ii BpoMÍ ByTHoropcsaro ustňemsí BatonsH (Somne yse 
HH^ero He npexnpHHHirajra npoiHBi ryccBiOBiy to h Torxa Bcfb 
TatiopHTCBÍe «ysacii» 6ujie 6u Bnoxnfb noHflTHti. TaCoparEi eiinn- 
Ttowh BBVMKEO y((ÍAHjiHCBy BaBafl y^acTfc s^en hxi vh cjy^ai 
nopaaaeHifl, h exracxBeHHoe, htó mn ocTaeajiocB x^^tb, oto bc- 

Tpe&lflTB H HCrpetfjflTB CBOHXl npOTHBHHBOBl H yHB9T0SaTb HXb 
XOCTOflHÍe. 

Ho BaxojiHXH He orpaHHWjniCB ByTBoropcRoS Óofinefi. 3a aet 
cxbf,yerb paxi^ ^btob^^ 6e9B couvbEisi ycrynaion^Ezi eft no csoet 
secTOBOCTH, — savB MH yse csasajiHy ho^th fiesnpHiťbpHofi vh bcto- 
pin; HO Bce-TasH ohh óhjh xocraTovHO ysacHn, itoÓh BOsÓyxHTB 
vb TaÓopBTaxx caiiyK) O&meHyR) sasAy MecrH. 

npesA6 Bcero rycmrovb xojsho 6iuo CTpamHO osio&mB no* 
BexeHÍe hxi <8aKOHHaro» Bopojifl GBrHSMyHxa, Torocanaro Ceths- 
HyHxa, BOTopuĚ TaBHiťB 6e8CTBíXHHifi oCpadoiTB HapymHJTB oxpan- 
HyH> rpaMoiy, xanByio Fycy. B% ^exin, h ruBHttirB ofipasoirB kb 
npari, 6Hjia orpoMHas naprifli Boropan orpaHiiuacB 6ii caMHira 
HesHa^BTejiBBHMH yciynBaifn h ozotho Berynnia 6u b% neperoBops 
CB CHTBBMyHAOirB; ho Kb BTony ne npexcraBjflJiocB p'bmHTeAH0 
HHKaEofl BOBHOSHOCTH. En^e ryccHTii H Ta6opBTii HB9'6iťB oete He 
saBBHJiH, a yse BopojB CHnisiiyHAi, BOopysHBmBCB nanoKÓtt 5yji- 
jofi, cdUBajiB FB napři 1420 roxa ^^pnajiBHirl Bpeciomfl noxoxi 
<XJifl HcrpeÓJieHifl BHue^HTOBi, ryocHroBi h xpymrB eperEBOB^B*, 
H CB BTOft jsfkxbio o5jiosHJrB CHJiBHOfi KOHTpi6yiiÉie8 Bcb noxuacrafiie 
eny ropoxa. BoflcBO co6paio<^ orpOMHoe h ryccHrani npexcnMuni 
HeMHHyeMas n6en. BocnonoBaHÍfl oíSřb ajB6Hrotitax'B, a xu ne- 
BHaBOMQXtB CB HGTopiefi CBteaa naiMTB BymoropcKait) noBynank 
jiEOxefi XM Ópocania vh maxTii ne ocTaBJui HXBaBoro coheH^búi 
Hae^era 6yxy^eft yvacrn no<$&BxefiHiirBy ifarB óaxie, vto ca» 
CanidnyHxi npexiB Hamjom noxoxa noenšinm BonsarB, vtooni 
H€ norepnarB hh vaiillmaro orcrynjieHfaf otb nocjiynmBÍa i^epBBB. 
Bo BpeMfl npeÓHBaHifl ero bi BpecjiaBjrl oxbh'b BneHHTHfi npas- 
CBÍfi Bynei^ii no Hnenn loanm Rposa, npeÓUBoiífi no cbohmi x&* 
jiani vb CTOJiHi^ CHJiesiH) hosbozetb ceGi roBopHTB fb rocinn- 



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TABOPITH. 93 

iii{b BpoTBBrb ocysx^Hifl Fyca. HeMexieoHO Óuji oh^l cxBaqeH^B 
I no noBejri^HÍK) GaniSMyBxa oosseHX, npB^em ea m^^cto seshe 
(Sbo AoemBjraBo^ npBBflsaHHiil xi ZBOcry jomajd 0« Ilepexi ca- 
mm OTnpaBjeBieifi vh noxox^, misepaiopi mcajrb auiaiaM^ 
EypeficA, ^TO Hiri^era «TBepAoe HanipeHÍe jHHnrosHTb h cb Bop- 
Hen BHpBaTB He^ecrie s ohhcthtb orb HeroBopoieBCTBO». Bcjrbx^ 
saiim OHI npEFMiiuten ¥X% «cxBaT£iBaTb Bctzi ryccBiOFB, cba- 

^eEHB80B& HIH nipflffby H HaBasHBaTE cuepthv) H JiHmeHÍeKrL Blfy- 

qecraa bcšxi^ BQTq[»ie ho OTBisyrcfl on cbohzx 8a(SiysBAeHÍ3» ^). 

OrpoMHO 6uM0 BoflcBOy cotfpaBHoe CflrBBM^BAOifi, H BejiEsa 6iua 

puoeiB éiaro^eeniBiiz^B chhobi i^epBBfl. He 61110 HEsaBoro co- 

bbíbui, hw epeTBBH tiyxyn chatu npH nepBomrL se cioiBHOBeHiB. 

OxBaBO, KBB^ MEi yso BHaeiTBy He TOiBBO Hfl^ero noAotfHaro ne 

opoBsomjH), HO BopojieBcme 6ujíh xftse oÓpan^eHii bi noBopHŽfimee 

(SÍrcTBO. H npHTOiTB ne toubo opn nepsom crojiBBOBeHiH js/km 

B{»HSJH Tuofi crpaHHiift oÓopoTb, HO Bi npoxoji»eHÍe ic&iiurB 

^eTQpHamaTH jlívl ohh oÓctoub TaRBirb se o^pasom. A Mesxy 

liwh HysHO se 6iuo BpeexoHocivui^b Ha soirL-HBÓyxB dpobbhtb 

eBoe (baroieerie. H botl ohh ero npoiiBjiflKyr& na 1^%, b^ ho 

(hj% Bi coctoihíb OBasaiB eu% conpoTBBieHÍe. fl^in Óonmefi o($ieB- 

iiBn)CTH 6yxeMi pascBadUBaTB otis stbi^b npoABjíeHiiixx BaTOiH^ecBoS 

<HarBOCTH», A^DHiieft BaiaiH^ecBBMi nocaTejraHi npaso neroxoi^Tb 

n «ysacii» Ta6opHTOBiby cjioBaMH TaBBxx, BasercB^ HenpHcrpacT- 

mm Vh lafiopHiaicB jiK>Aefi, Basi jlaspeHiitt bbi^ Epsesosa h 

3Hei CHJiBBifi IIhbbojiohhhHi a wn H0BÍ&max% hctophbobi— saB^B 

EpyMMeJiB H ToHOBi. KpyMMejiB, sasx yase hsb^ctho HHTaxejuiKx, 

naaopi, a Toifesi — HcspenHÍtt Baiojiasi h oahh^b hsb caMuxi 

(SiaroHaH^peBHiixi h cmhphmx^b npo^ccopoBi npascBaro yHHBep- 

craeia. Ohi ciaBncB esoex) HeBOSMyniHOH) otixeBTHfiHOCTBio, boto- 

pyB> oieHB TpyxHO otjhhbtb orB xepeBBHHOff 6e8CTp|acTH0aH. ?to 

sacaetcfl JlaBpeHTÚi h8% EpsedOBa, to ohi, upaiwa, yrpasBacTB, 

HO B» TEBBX^B yMŽpeHHHXrB, ^TO CaiTB Fg^^iepi^, HpH BCOfi CBOefi 

Heo6y8ixaHHot BaiojiEHecsott apoera, ne pimaeTca sanoAOspBTB cnpa- 
BCiMiBOCiB ero noBasanifi % ?to BacaercE 6yxyn^aro nann — dflea 
Cbjbbíh, to yace ero coBcbwh TpyxHO sanoxospHTB vb seJLanÍH npe- 
jBaunHBaiB seciOBOCTH BaiojiHBOBi. H TavBy BorB ^TO M£i ysHaeiťB 
y vmvh HHeaTaieB o HOsexeniH specTOHOCi^eBi. 

y ToMsa, — Bi ero HOBMmoMi co^bhohíb o ďiHSB'6: 



O Kramme], cíp. 28—29. 

*) Palacky, Urkandliche Beitrige, cíp. 287. (Denis, exp. 23). 

V Fontes. 



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94 ^ BI^CTHni IBPODH. 

«HtiiitH, ocasAftBiníe Upary, BstS^meHHue Hey^anefi, Roropyi) 
OHE norepa^JB, l3HMecT0jiH cboio xocaAy na ĎesopysHHX^B sme- 
jflxi, HacejiflBmHXi oBpecTHocTH Ilpare. Ha cjr6;QrH)ii^ift ffiuh ohh 
pascbflJHCB no A6peBHflM'B h, saxBarHBinH mhofo JH)xet, ÓÓAmes) 
^acTBK) seHi H A'i^Tefi, npHBOAHJiH nTb B^B cBofi jarepB H Tam 
dpocajH vh oroH&> ^). 

Bi 1421 r. BaxojiHBH Kyifiofi-ropEi cocraBUH saroBop^s npo- 

THBl BaSJíaxiBniEX^B dTBlťB rOpOAOM^B ryCCHTOBl H H8M'&HH]2raeCBI 

BnycTHJiH BopoieBCSHx*b. SaroBopn^HBHi HeosHxaHHO saBjíaxtBinH 

rOpOAGMl, npHHflJIHCB paspymaiB XOUSL, HCBaiL npOIHBHHKOBl CBOHXl 

E> H36HBaTb ETh tfedx pa86opa. KasxHft, rto ee snajii napojui, 
ycjioBjeHBaro nes^y npHBepseHitaMH CHrHBMyHxa, Óbijtl npe^aBacm 
CMepTH. B^B ocoÓeHHOCTH HeHCTOBCTBOBajiH npoTHBi xyxoBeHCTsa nap- 
iíh noxo6oeBx. Ofíswb CBstnsfiEEmrbj yÓtaaaBmiĚ vb ufi^KOBhj 6uxb 
yÓUTh pyKOflTBOfi iLsyra npex'B caiiuirB ajnapeM^B h npex> CBflTEHCE 
Aapaifn; Apyrie^ Buicrb co MHoreMs npocTUMH roposaflaMs cspHB- 
miecfl Bi Áamsty óbijh cópomeeu oiry^a bhhbi. 

B^B TOM^B se roxy ^sopojieBCBoe boícbo csHrajio Bce 6en pas- 
($opa, xepeBHH, ropoxa h BpšnocTH, npH^eifB npoBSBOxuo seero- 
$0CTH H 6e8o6pa8Ía rjaBHUMrB o6pa30irB sa seHo^HHaxi h AÍTflX'B. 

IIOB^BOBaTB o HHXl npOTHBHO ^eJlOB^^eCBAlTB HyBCTBaH'B» ^). 
TaBHM^B 0((pa80M'B, Cail'B TOHeBl He BUffipVLMl^. 

BoBBMeiťB y 8Toro se ÓescrpacTHaro HCTopHBa ýasrB, nOBasii- 
BaiDii^ifi, Baa^B secroBO njsaTHJHCB TaCopHTu, Borxa Hir6jiH HaBBHOCTB 
BcryiiaTB fb neperoBopu cb bopojiobobemh h aob^patb hmi xotb 

CBOJIBBO-HBÓyAB. 

OapyseHEBifl co Bcka croponi BopojieBCBBMH BoAcsaMHi laóo- 
pBTCBÍfi CBfln^eHHHB^B rpoxa^BO BH^^Ai, ^TO OMy H OFO HeÓoiBinoiiy 
orpiixy He cnpaBRTBCB c:b sHaqErejiBHO npeBocxoxHBniBirB ero He- 
npiflTejeiTB. Buy ocraBajiocB tojbbo oxho: BaBi vosho xopojse 
npoxaxB CBOH) sebhb. Ho sopoieBcsie xopomo SHajin, htó BHa^BTB 
OTHaflHHoe MysecTBO Ta6opflTOBx, BnajE, hto ho paai iiHorovHCJieH- 
Hue nojiBE CTpofiHHX'B, ÓjeciBn^e-BoopyseBEiixi pui(apett oópaqa- 
jiBCB vh caiioe fiesnopaAO^Hoe (S^fctbo otb naiHCBa HeÓojiBmHXi 
orpflxoBi BoopyseHBHxi oxhhmb i^taaHB BpeciBflHx. Botb DOTOiiy 

OHB BBÓpaJH MflpHElfi OyTB H oObo^aJiH rpOMBABy CBOtiOXHElft BH* 

xox'B, ecjifl 0H'B cxacrB BansTyK) nm BpžnocnQr Xoreítopi. rpo* 
MaxBO H ero bohhu noB'6pHjni. H hto se? 

«P£ii](apH, BonpeBH xftHHOMy ciiOBy, Hcrpe^njfl BecB oxpflx^, oo- 



1) Jan Žižka, cíp, 55. 
») TaMi ze, crp. 124, 126. 



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TABOPHTH. 96 

CTOSBinitt B8% 700 HBjíOvbKb. ^ACtb iix'B 6uM coauseHai Apyras 
oiBexefift Ha ByTByK>-ropy, vfib bxb ÓpociUH kb maxisr. GaMoro 
rpoMiABa flffB Mecreitsitt orsesi re XpyxHifB h Biribci^ cb jB^ByMs 

fJffTBME BSflTfiMH Vb JuAwh CBfllIteHHEBaMH OWh 6ui% TOpseCTBeHHO 

eoBseffi Ha otfo^eGTBeHBott njion^axH^. 

PaacRasan oro HecjHxaHHoe b^pojomctbo, ToHesL, Bcer^a cy- 
{Km omocflnuSca si^ secTOBOCxairB TaÓopHTOBi n Bcer^a crapan- 
qitci ycipaHHTB on OTBfiíCTBeHHOCTH sa HHXB ffiflSBy, npaÓaBafleTB: 
<ii[« B8BTÍB XoiTfrTOBa H BepayHa bohhu Ta6opBTCBÍe sHajia o zjíqř 
yncTB, HOCTBrmefi btb 6paTBeBi {n Xore^opi) h Óesnon^iwaM 
seciOBOCTBy ci BOTopox) OHH yÓBBajiH H csHraiB Heopifliejieft cbohxi 
n 8tbx:b ropoxaxrL, tfmia ornjaiOK), noMŽmaTB soropofi HnaLsa 
H le Mora, a laKse, htó Beero B^poaiH^, h ne xoT&rB» ^). 

H CB BTHMHTO HH8BHMH OpexaTej^MH Ta6opHTII fPXBUSU 6UAE 
qq^OHBfBCfl! * 

IlepettAeirB b*b BpymiejiH). 

«B% i^epsoBHofl H Bceo6ii](eft Hcropia Ta»B MHoro roBopHTCfl o 
«XHSHxx» opAaz'B TatfopBTOKB H Hxi «yaacax!B»y vso mosbo ho- 
lyMaTB, 6yxT0 fb conociaBJíeHiH cb hhhh Basi saTOJiHBH, Tasi^ h 
yifipeHHHe yrpaBBBCTu cpaBHHiejiBHO Bera cetfa ropasAO ^eJKNsi^^- 
Hie H xflT^e. %o Bacaeicfl BaiojHEORB, to OTHOCHTejiBHO Hxi no- 
xotffloe cysA^Hie pimHrenHO hh na '■leirB ne ocHOBHBaerai. EyiHO- 
i^opciie pyxoBonu, Ůbameio ibctbeo h^^u, bi 1419 h fb cjlí- 
j^yímpixrB raxaxB ÓpocHJiH icHOrífl thcau ^essanprrHHXi ryccHTOKB 

KL CBOH maXTH; BaiOJIHRB H APyrB GBrH8MyHjB(a, yjIBpHXl H8!B 

PosenCepra, xBaciaerB bi^ oahom^b xcme^nieif^B ffl nacTB nflCBirb otb 
1426 rox*9 ^ro Tenq)B, Borxa ohi ho lavB CBJíeffB, itoÓh orspino 
Bana^ATB Ha ryccHTOBXy oh^ orpaHHqHBaeica tími, ^to BcaBaro 
rycčara, soioparo eMy yxaexcB TafiBOirB saxBaTHiB^ TonnTi hjih 
aanyiHBaerB xo citepTH* Bo Bpeica nsTaro BpecroBaro noxoxa na 
EcmMiiD BapxHHan DiiasB UjesapHHH (nancBÍS ynojiHOifo^eHHHfi) 
HBiiiTB H6 npenflTCTBOBajTBy Borxa Ha ero rjia8ax*B ece HMUHuoe 
meeAeme saBOOBannaro ropoxsa Bpysa h MHonixi ospecTHiixi 
Wp^BeHB tfiuro HBpyÓJieHO 6es^ bcaboA non^axu. A nesxy ^^^ 
tt irrofi uAcmocm ÓOJBrnancTBO SHreiefi cobc&hi h ho nj^HcraJio 

noertxHoe, T.-e. hto speciOHOcipi npa cbohx% SBŠpciBaxi ne 
iwua ee6& Mfote xpyxa paBysnaiB, bto «npaBx» b ibto <bh- 
BOBaírB», 6ujo flBjtemeiffB BecBna ^acriiHi h neoxHOBpaTHO hobto- 



O Ttn se, cíp. 87. 
*) Snmuiiel, cíp. 99. 



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96 BfiCTflim BBPonfi* 

pfljioci^. EpecTOHocipi, o^eBHAHO, B8fljiH ceét vh npEuipb toto nan- 
csaro leraia, soTopsifl, braa npe ocaxi ajLB(SHroficRaro ropoxa Besbe, 

MTO Ji^peCTOHOCHIie BOBHH SaxpyXHfllOTCfl, BaSB OTJIHUTB HCTUBHIIX'b 

BarouBOBi on eperBKOBi, CBAsajrB bitb: «6efiTe Bcbrb; sa TOin> 
cB^T^ Focno^B OTjinqHTB npaBOBtpBux^b*. Bo BpeMfl nepsaro spe- 
CTOBaro noxoxa GEVBsuynffij cjixoBaTejiBHO, Bor^a CTpaerfl emfi ne 
óujH TaK'B CHJBHO pacnajieHH^ xavB BnocjrlxcTBÍH, MBóroaiieMeHHoe 
onojiWHie — noApo^BHft cocraBi ero npBBexeHx yse naMH Bume — 
pacnojiosiiBniHCB no o^sy cropony pisH, y MOHacriips Cb. BaiOB- 
THHa, Ba Bpeiu saHiiJiocB Tbwh, hto Ha SBiejiefi npOTHBono^osHaro 
6epera «BpBBaMH: ra, ral rycB, rycí! epersic^ epeiBsi! BaB'B co- 
Óasfl lOBzo. EcjH se, cjiy^afiHO, HifB nonaxajiCB vb pyKH %xi, 
OHH ero 6e8i Bcasaro coasaji^Hifl csHrajiHy xazse ecjie owh HHRorAa 
H He npBHBMaji'B npHian^eHifl nox> oÓobmh BBxaicB» ^). Bnocjiix* 
CTBÍB A'i-10 Aomjio AO Toro, HTO no cBBA'&Teji[BCTBy HŽMe^BBrB xpo- 
HBCTOBi Toro BpeneHH, Bcero líeHBme, soHe^HO, saBniepecoBaHEurB 
.B'B TQWh, mo6u BucraBHTB Bi» HepHOiTB cb^tÍ noBe^enie cbohx!b 
conjieiíenBBBOBi, «BCflBarOy sto ne roBopBjTB no-ffinei^BB hjih bio 
fiuji^B noxoarB na lexa, cxBaTUBajiH b xoCsBajra ao CMepiE ub 
csBrau» ^). 

H CB TaBHMB*TO HdBepraifH, laÓOpBTH AOJISHH (Sujni ÓUTB BpOTBB! 

HepexoxB vh rjasBOMy nepBOHcroHHBBy nepBiixi xbrh ryccBT- 
CBoft BnoxH — Bi JlaspeniÍH) hbb BpaBesoBa, uu Bcrp^iaeMCB cb 
lasofi naccofi ^ktobi^ cBBff6TejiBcrByH)n^BrB o BapBapcBofi secro- 

BOCTB KaXOJIHEO^, ^TO JUUL HOJIHarO OBHaBOMJieHifl CB HBKB HSlIl 

npBmjocB 6u nepeoBcaiB ne MenBme bojiobhhh orpoMHott xpo* 

HBKB. dTBX^B ^^aBTOKB TBBOe 6e8^nrcjeHH0e MHOaceCTBO, ^TO Bl BOfln^i 
KOEUflVh OHB CJIHBaH)TCfl KB OflHy BpOBaByK) BapTHHy. BOTB Wb Ta- 

BoiTB-TO ropoxi BpecTOHocipi ebÓbjih Bce sacejieHiei ne BCBiB)^aa 
B rpyXHHxrB MjiaAeHi^eBx, a bi ApyroMi yxoBOJBCTBOBasBCB tojbbo 
TŠMiy ^0 cxBaiHJiB HMeHBTHX^B rpaa&xaHx, nocaABJíH flxx caa^ajia Bx 
M^TOy HanojiHeHHoe BKCspeMeHiaHE, a dotoitb «no npBBasaHiK) bo- 
pojfl CBrflBMyHAa yronBJíH b!b p%B']k>; BorB aa EyrHOfi-Fopik, 
CBepx^B BSBtcTfiott yso HaifB i](b4»pii 1600 ryccBiOBi, dpomeno hx% 
emfi HŠ6B0UB0 eoiemb vh maxTu, ^o6jí OTy^BTB esb otb eperH- 
^ecrsa; botb nepoA^ hbmb Hcropifl Ta6opBTCBaro csan^eHEBRa Bem^e- 
cuBa, OTBasaBmarocfl BOSBpaxBTBCB kb jiobo i^epBBE h saTo cossen- 
aaro na socrpi <Birlcr% cb ^eTiipBMB a^tbme offiEHaAi^aTB; jíficanE^ 

BOCBMH H CeBH XbTh*y — HCTOpífl FJiaBHIIirB 06pa80KX JIEOÓenHT- 



1) Laorentias, cíp. 875. 

>) Chronik der deutschen Stádte, II, crp. 38. (Denis, crp. 304). 



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TABOPITH. 97 

vh TpiTL OTHomemii, hio orKfUBBj&rb cotiox) y Jlaieq^^HTifl ni- 
ni nepeieHB íjfsjenovh «de sacerdotam martyrío»,^ — o MyieHHvecsott 
CMepn CBfln^eBHBKOBi (Ta6opHTCBBx%). H lairs xajiie, k TaB^Bxajiie. 
Can JbtBpeHiii no qieMeBairb ycraeri saHOcen rb cbok) xpo- 
Hixy orx^J^BflHfl npofiBiemfl Óes^HEciBa mtojbkorb h npiiío sasB- 
jMen, HTO eiiy «0Mep8HxejBH0 h npoTHBHo» onEcasaTB no^po^HO 
Bei rajcHociH xaTOJBiecsaro BofiCBa. H Bce se laKH 9mxjb rayc- 
Bocref Tam *sBXh miorO) ^to y BcaKaro hb^b HOBiflsíHrL hbcjž- 
xmueiefi-^y najajDiiaro, y ToMKa, y Epyniieifl, y ^eHH h ap*, 
BBy Bpoiťb xaBBXs Mipyuswch H bcímh omi^uudiraxi ^sxobi, BairB 
BjrH<MY)pcsafl (SotHBy Bcerxa nafixeie Bam-HHÓyxB ocoÓeHHua, 
Toiuco oxHBMrL EBCJn^AOBaTeJieirb saHOCHMiifl noApoÓHOCTH. A Mes^y 
T&TB TOpnaKKnb bc% Bscjt^AOBaieiH hbi oxHoro h loro se hctoh- 
HHia— HBi Aparoq^HHaro «De gestis et yariis acddentíbas regni 
Boeiaiae* Manscxpa JlaspeHrU de Březina. 

SazpyxBBBCB, lasifl bhobho saiojiHHecBifl seciOBOCTH BiiÓpaiB 
wn xpoHHKi JIa,BpeHTÍB, laKB jMSíh He BHaeniB, sasott h8'b bthzi 
rHycHO^eS OTxaiB namiy nepBeHCTBa, uu npHBexeirB tojibbo na- 
laiBHHE cfposH HBi^ MaHH^Ta HpaKaffB vh qemcKoiiy abopah- 
CTBy. droTB MaHH^^cysrB coxepsHii bi ce6i tojibbo o6ii^ia yBasa- 
híb^ ho b!b ycian MonapxuHeCKUxu u oieaoicdífu^iéXd n^UMupenis 
ZKreiett ^emcsoft cioyiinpi ohh npioÓpiraiorB ptiiiaK)ii^ee BHaTOHÍe: 

«jKeiae]ťB Bam Boero jyHmarOi HHJuie ^yBBs! IIpHHOCHirB 
Ban TBOLiody na Bopaia CHniBicyHAa, soxopiifii saÓuB^ npo CBOtt 

CaB!B H OTÓpOCHKB npHK^piI MHJIOCin H XOtfpOTH, npmOWHHHe 

ipexKaini ero^ npejajCB HOCJiHxaHHofi aBecroKOCTH, BiipaBBBineftcx 
vk noBopHOiffB HacEjOBaHÍB A'£ByineB'B h BaMyauíBxrB seHmans, vh 
ytSeHÚ BBpociJuxi h jíjbteŘ n vb xpyrHXi HecnpaBexiHBOCTBX^B* ^). 
Eme pasi noBropieiii, iio HaHH^[)ec!rB npBHiwiesHrB npa- 
sasairB, BoropHO ch HeroxoBaHieicB orseprajiH pecnyfijiBBaHCKie 
BpBHiiBnH Ta(k)pa h cmaiH hxi 8j£fimefi epecBH). Rponi crpen- 
168ÍS KB i^epROBHEurB pe^pMaMi, upasane hhh&tb ho OTJiHHajiBCB 
in% npaBOB^pHHxi samiHROFB. A npaBOBipHcie BaiojHBBi coÓpaB- 
Boecfl Bi KoHciaHi](j&y MejB^y npoHBicB ocyAHJH Fyca sa to, ^to 
mh yiBepsA^m, hto ;i^fiCTBÍfl Kopojui, iipe6iiBaK)ii^aro vb výbTbj 
leiq^BJíBHy. TasHMx se bbicobhki yBasemeMi nojBSOBajiacB bo- 
pooieMBaa bjmctb b!b Ilpart. IIpHTOiťB iipasane BcanecRH crapa- 
neb nompBTBCfl cb CHrHBiiyHxoit^B h EVh nojHiEHecBiixi bhxobi. 
SinB se BejuiBH xojishh 6ujm ůatb (SesoÓpasiB ero BOtcsai itg(Jei 
yiiipeHmx'B, (^esyciOBHO MOHapxnvcBHXfB, mbpoxk)6hbo 



*) Ql lAnrenthui, crp. 867, 368, 376— ddO, 426. 
Tor T,r-CBmiBnp 1862. 7 



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98 ^wtaa iBFonH. 

HacrpoeHHiixi smejiefi nemcEofi CTOJUii(Eiy saroBopHTb o ROpojii 

TaBHK^B flSUfiOlCb? 

B^ 3auH>HeHÍe| npEse^eirB xBa íLío6onw!BUTh nšcra mh «Hcto- 
pÍH Bore]fÍH» 3flefl Chibbúi IlHKKOJiOHHHHy npejiaia pHifCBOft iiepBBE, 
a Bnociri&xciBiH nanti. Bon hto noB^Byen oetb o ^erBeproirb 
BpecTOBOiTB noxox^. 

«EapxHHan (DjiiaH'^ UjesapHHfl) ch orpoMHHMx boAceoicb Biopr- 
Hyjcfl B1& ^exÍK)| cserb mhofo epem^ecBiixi x^pesenB h bbui 
MBoro wbcfre^eK^h, HaA'B xoTopun u paspasHJiiacB ee tojbbo sa^HOCTB 
ero BOHHOBi, HO H secTOBOCi^ Hxi: Bc6xi MysHHfli B aBennunErb, cra- 
pHBOBi H MaJux'B jt/bseŘ, OHH yÓHBajiii ti^ pasóopy, rx'6 Óíiatb 
HH sacTHrau'. 

Bropoe m^^to en^e judSouuth^. 

Bi 6htbí y J[flnaH% 1434 r. 6um cjloumuz rjiaBHafl CHJia 

xaÓOpHTORb. XpHCT0JK)6HB0e BOfiCBO BatOJUBOBl^ He CMOrpfl Ha TO, 

^TO ch noJiOBHHu cpasenia ÓojBmHHCxBO «6paTBeBi» ctbjio c^a- 
BaTBCfl, «6e80CTaHOBO^HO BpomHJiOi laai hto ^bcio na^HHiixi 
OABa AOCTHrjio 700» ^). Ho Bce-raBH neiBSfl 6ujío orpaHE^HiBOi 
jHnaHCBHMi norpoMOMi. Eo^e mhofo ocraiocB vb cxpani xtzi 

rpOSHUXX BOHHOBl, BOTOptie HpHBOAHJIH Vh J^BOLOb HanHCIOBl. H 

Bon» npHAyHHBaercfl ca1^v)v4ř ocrpoytfHBfi, Óiícípo AOCiHraion^fi 
js,iiE HJiaHi. no Bceft crpaHŠ pacxasHsaBOTB BepÓOBnpBH MefiH- 
rapxa — «yM'6peHHaro» yTpaBBHcra, coeAHHHBmarocH ch saioJiHBaMH 
AJifl TorOi ^To5u yHHHTOSHTB Ta6opcBHX'B «¥eHTaTaiefi». BeptfoB- 
npBH soByrrB BOJ[OHxepoB:B noxb sHaifena MefinrapAa^ f^z Ban^aTBi 
npascBHxx craieS. ^'^m^b coBdbwb HH^ero ho ^^btb jím Hacaa- 
xenia ^i^tpciBa 6osúi> na dewA, MHoríe xaCopETu, ohobhaho, 
npejinouH san^BiiiaTB xotb capoMHua TpetíoBamfl npasanx. Ha 

BOBI flBHJIOCB H^BOJIBBO TUCfl9'B «qepH£IX!By OTB COJIHI](a H B^Tpa 

saropšjBixx jiK>A6fi; bhai hx^b 6ujli> ysaceai; ohh, oiobhaho, 
npHBHBJíH SHTB KB OFH^ H jí,míy jaropHoft ctoahbb; r^asa y hbxx 
ÓUdiH opjiHHHe, BOJiocH HeiecaHii, tiopoxu sanyn^eHEi, pocrB bu- 
coBÍfi, pyBH E Tbjío MOXHanui, a Boasa laBaa TBep^aji, ^ro moh^ 
OTCBaBEBajťB on nea, bbbb on naHi^Bipfl^. 9to ho 6uje hobeue 
BOOHHaro A'i^Jia. OoHTHBifl riiasx bopÓobh^ebobi cpasy yanajii cojiAaTB 
SStESBE E EpoBona. Ho ohe otii btoicb ho noAaion BE^a e owhb 
iío6esEO coÓEpasorB bc£x% BOdiOHiepoBi kb oxehi orpoMHiift ca- 
pafi. 3aTŠM'B BepÓOBDiiEBE Ónapo yxo^fli^s capáfi BanEpaerca h... 
saa&EraeiCfl co bc£x'b cxopOHx. TaŠopEiH, hoaoÓho cboemi nepso- 
jmteMWh Fycy h lepoHEny, sa^axaKm^ b^ AHMy e CMpaA'B ovh 



i) Palacsy, 8 B., crp. 65. 



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TáBOPITH. 99 

m riwb BOdHOCHTCfl Wb Hetfy ad majorem gloríam. «TasHit& 
otfpasoMi, — sasaH^HBaexs dsefi GiuBBitt cboS noy^HTejBHiifi pas- 
€sa3i,^BecB aroTB dípojKhj nooii ctoibsbx^l coBepmeHHuxi nií'B 
y6ilctBB H Óes^HHCTBB, óujiB (aaKOHei^i) coauseH^L h na4^vu49 
()0cmoiiMyio omiuamy aa ocKopó^eme enpu u ČAawHecmiH* ^). 

naiaAKifl cobcímb ne npHAaerb a^pu aiOMy pascsasy. Kpyjc- 
MejB tose nojaraerB, hxo HeB^poaiHo; iioóu xaKÍe omixHue JK)Aa 
boumhcb Ha noAo6flyio rjynyH) y^o^Ry, h ^ynaerB, ^to dflett 

CAaBBÍft HaBpaTHJl ^^TBy saCBBXiieJBCTBOBafiHUt ZpOHHCXaMfl, 

EMeRHO ^10 aocjit no6ÍAU. y Jlanani obojio 900 6ivjief\aBh 6ujo 
fluwieHO H cojsaeHO kb capaarB bóihsh Hi^iiei^^aro Bpo^a % 
HaeB Bi AftHfiOMi cayui BOBce ee HHiepecyerB, csojbbo bb pas- 
CM^i dflea GHiBBÍfl npaB;^i h cbojbko ^HiasÍH. O^eHB bosmosho^ 
fio «Bce» A^o orpaHHUJOCB t&cb, 9to cospje bb capaaxi 
900 &kTjieJípn. TyiB Ba»eHB i^bhhsmb, cb KOxopuMB ciysaxejB 
Xpicia BoexBajuieTB nocxyno&i, KoiopoMy Aftse HiieHH H'&rB. H 
BorB cx xaBBiífl-^io jH>ABMii) BTBMH speqaMH Mojioxa, xaCíopHTH 

^VXUUBI ÓUJIH 6UTB BpOTBB, jífiASBMU (5udH CnOKOfiflO npOTflHyiB 

CBOJD mes) noAi sepiBeflHuft Boa&B, HaToieflHufi na SBi^pcsoe yóiS* 
OBO BO cJBBy cpeABeBlBOBoro IJora tremendae majestatiSi bo hio 
tttojHttc&ie ^fiaxHBH oépaiHJE spoisit aHSB ynepmaro na Bpeoš 
A^ (5jara ^eiOBiiecTBa. 



VL 

Bh npeABBAyu^ft r^aBi mu roBopHJH o BaxojuiqecBott «Mflr- 
soc»>; BX Bacxoan^eft ÓyAeiis xpaaxoBaxB o xaÓopnxcaiizB «y£a- 
€axB». KaBB MU yse caasaaB, mu hxb HHMaJO ae oxpui^aeMB. 
Ho 4faKiaMH| npHBeAťHHUMH Bume^ mu, Kasexcfl, ciBinsoMB Aocia- 
louo aoBa3&iH, hio ABsaBoS ApyroB oÓpasB A^ftaBift ae tfuaB 

MUCAMMl BB OXBÍXB Ha OtípaSB A^ttCTBÍft ICaXOJUBROBB. ByACMBXe 226 

tspaBeAJiHBu vh tadopexaMB h h6 ocyAHMB bxb 3a nocxynBB, 
((esycjOBHO BUHyaA^HHue. 

Mu yse snaBOMU cb «6paiCBHMH coÓpanÍBMH*. Ohh bcho 
amasuBaioxB, BaBMMB mbphumb, HCXHHHO-xpHCxiaHCBBMB nyxeMB, 
BOfluo 6u xaÓopHxCBoe yienie, ecjiH 6u eMy a&^h BOSMoa&HOcxB 
^ofísaeEBQ pasBBXBCfl. TeopexHiecBH xa6opflxu 6uaH coBepmenao 

iqpOtHBB BOttHU H KaSBXB 6u XO HH 6ujkO HaCBJBCXfieHHUXB A'^^* 



o Eoeftwe Sylwia etc., cíp. 176, 190. 
^ Knmiiiiely exp. 171. 

7* 



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100 . ^WnUXA MBSOVB. 

ctbíS. H, Korxa nocjii uepvaTb se hhphhtb cot^Mfiit^ tBŮopsna 
yBH^iv, Bára oraeciacL KaTOjmnecBafl Bjacib %% hxs xipHofi iipo- 
jiovb^, OPE Bce-TaxH ne cpasy BBsncB sa opyxie. IIpesAe ^itb na- 
vETb (k)pB67, «aBecroBie» nfiopiiTs vb MEn/b Hneoiafl Fyca h 
«CTpamHaro» SLhssh o6p9msxKh n cboshi MaracrpaMi sa paepl* 
mesieví Bonpoca — xosho jh HcriHy san^iiitaTB opyjdeMi. Ma- 
rocrpii OTB^TEjni, hto co<SeTB0HHa sparoBi aianrejk cjri^yen 1106&K- 
xarB KpoTOCTBK), Taai Kaní cxasaso vh nBcaHia: <Mala non simt 
fadenda, ut bona evemant^ (ee sysna xo0HBancfl xo6pa sioicb). 
Ho FB cjyqai nenaiBHoS Heo6zoxHxocTHy «ecjiH tAr% bosmoshocth 
npBXTH K% eorjameBÍH) cb Bparoifs», xosho npBÚ&rHyTB e% opysno^ 
crapaflCB, oxnaKO se, npa aroMi no bosmoshocth yneHBiiiHTB ysacs 
BolBH ^). TaBOB£i 6hjui nepBoea^ajibBiu Haiiipesífl Tafiopeton. 
BacBOiBKO OHH 6hjih HCBpeHHH, xti diaoiTb H81 npex^H/Qri^eS 
naBu, vh BOTopoft pasisasaHO, BaBi Tí/iopwm^ jio6bjí,wBmu saro- 
jiHBOKb H 3aBjiax%Binii Ilparot, tíwb ho xeffle coraaeiLiHCB na 
status qno, JiHniB 6a nd&bvEjfh spoBOiipoaurui; ho uewbe apio 
CBiA^TeiBCTByerb ofo oropaiqeHÍii Ta5opHTOBi bo Bcasaro poxa 
HacHjtÍK> TOTb nyHBTs Ta($opHTCBHrB «epecdl», Boropiifl OTBepran 
cnepTHyH) BasHB. Ec2H w vh Hame spěna cxepTHaa sasHB sa- 
sercfl HeotixoxHMHHi cpexcrBom Bpasyiuema, to cbojbbo Hysao 
6ují(y BMŠTB vh ce&b ryMannsixi BaHŠpeHift, vto6u orsepraTB ee 
KB b£b% lopHAHiecBH yciaHOBJíeHHHxi niiTOBx, Wh vbsh crpam- 
HHxx BBajra^Hi^BpoBaHHiixi BasHefi, vh bíkl ^eTBepTOBaHÍfl, BOjeco- 
Bania, sajEBanifl ropja cbhhi^om^ h t. x* H ne tojbbo bi nepBHfi 
nepioAi HaH^oj^e ropa^aro dHiysiasMa xa^ópETKr npoiecTOBaiB 
nponiRB CMepTHofi BasHH. Ha ÓaaeiBCBom co6opb IIposoirB 9Hep* 
ra^eBH xoBasHBaji, Ba»B rjytfoBO MpoTHBopiiBrB oea xpHeríAB- 

CBOfl JIIO6BH *). 

ToTb ace IIpoBoiTB, rposHiifi uo^fjiTejLh Jíj^namx'^ apiiifi 
Esponn, BaroHflBmii nsoro crpaxa Ha BparoBi, hm ohh ÓiasaiB 

npH OfJiETb B^CTflXtB O OPO npH(}jHSeHÍH, HO paSl BBICBaSEIBaXCft 

npoTBFB caMofi BofiHi^y xoTopafl (bia rjydoBO npoTHBHa ero xar^ 
Boft Haiypi. KaBi 8to hh xhbo SBy^arB, ho <tfe89e20Bt«siĚ» 
«affCBH^ysacHBiS», «aBÍpc]at» h t. x- npoBoni (tím Tasot mrBÍfi 
H eHMnaiv^iHHfi tojiobíbi, hm bhí (k)eBofi oÓeranoBBH xulo Ba 
BparoBi CBOHXi Hpoi8BOXH.rB HapyxnEqee rae^ariiflíe. «?ii» 
(Jonme a cb Bána vuivy cBomeBÍfi, rbm 6oMhme Koe ce^wsfi 
paoioaaraeTefl vh Ba]rB>, roBopus eiiy sa (SasejBCBOMi oo6opj& 

*) Joannis de Lukavocz et Nicolaí de FelhrzimoT, Chronicon Taboritarum 
cíp. 484. 

s) Knunmel, cíp. 115. 



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TiBOPITH. 101 

1481 r. nuicsift lerarB, Bi^xBHajrB DjiAir& ^). H ecn, oxHaso- 
se, Tftsoft MflTsift toaobÍke He pairs xojnsaErs (SiijrB Al&ttcrBHxejiBBO 
3BÍ^BH nocryntrSy to ne npHHyxiw in ero itb Tony hšito ^pet- 

BBttSHOe? 

Iljm oiJq^sxemB Tft$opHTCKiir& «ysaeoFB» He cji^yers xasse 
8$6siMTh TO Bee&Ma BasHoe oticTOfrexbCTBO, hto pasrapi Hrs 
(RHecBTca Ki nacMbÓHum todctm tyaxsmcKUx^ eo&my TO-ecTL s^ 
tin roxaMXy koiw enaa notfix^ Ilposona oo6pua noxi sHa- 
MHanH er# nooieneHHO Bce yBeiH^iraaBBiyncfl xojiiiy aBaEniD- 

piCTOKb H MapOAepOFB, BOiq^^He Hn SaSffU BOOHHIIXIb npBBJíio- 

mni H AOÓsi^H cpaaa^ieB sa ryocRCZBO, ne BOcnpHHflRE, OAsaso 
se, xyz& cro. Tft6opflTeBoe Boéou), soiw obo cpasaiocb hqxb 
BaaaxbczBOMi SSbsbh, CMorpijio na ceÓJi uicb na CBfln^eHHbe 
onaneme, hih, Kaiei nj^jocb bi vrh boobhoiik nofs^, Ba»& na 
'•tfosBHxx bmbobi». C!oo6pa8io aroiiy, oso 61L10 MyseciBeHHO 
I xpa(ípo npoTHBi Bpara, ho Hirnso h xuocepwo sb tfessamn* 
BBm ^X TenepB se, Bor^a BoeBHBa coo(^MUKeHk sacraBHjni Upo- 
lou vb nocj£xHie ioxh bcAhm cMorpiiB eBBoaB najiBQii na 
BpaBCTBeHHOCTB HpHHi^ifiirb sieMraxon, vh BtitaA Ta6opHicso]» 
DOUHJMCB xeKepanBaiqtf. «&b cdiauuinidtefl co bc£x% cropOHi, 
fjasHHiTB ofipasom htb Hojboih h Poocíh \ BoeHHcA op^ 
HpoBona Hcnesio CBflI^eHHoe ootHame OBoeS xhocíh, h ^i^tarB 
XDJBme, TfiMs CHJíBHie pasBHBaiacB pacHyateHHOCTB, ahkoctb h 
orpydftsde HpaBOBi», TavB hto neocnqKMHO npHgBaHHiie coH)BHm» 
«ezaiH vh exopoiRB BpeiceHH ysaooicB ne toibro fja. BparoBi, ho 
I xu xpy8dl» *). 

BxaBi, npmmjMC oieMeHni, bofb sto xfticTBHTenHiie bhhobhhhh 
lafopHxciuai «ysacoffB». B% nepBse loxii nps WmsjA Bpo^B 
ToiMr MH jacB pftšofi, MoeacmpH nsiiaiH h ropoxa npespan^avcB 
n rpyxy pasBaun, ho Bce bto ůujlo rasBano HeoéxoxHxocTBH), 
I HH ydiieiBO paxH y(iittciBat hh rpatfeaa paxH rpaóeaa w 
nšjDi Hicia. Mnoro aeaonro, BiiSBaHBaro oiScrofrencTBaMH, 
^B^pmnjTB Shsm, ho HBioi*xa ovb ne x^an 6e9noAe9Hum 
meemoKocmeúf mkb bto cuoqib h pšxoirB jijbjuuiw BpeciOHOCi^i. 
Heo;p<»paíiBO SBLusKa 6poeam hiíhhiixb wh otohb, ho toibko 
wrxi^ Borxa 0B& o0:b btoicb np^xynpeawn BparoFBi yroBapHBaa 

.CR^TBca (Sen 6ox. Ho senniturB h xítoS, Tatfopcsie bobhh 
xaaae bib KmeHXH eaiiaro xnaro osjíotfjemB. TavB npK 



*) Denis, crp. 262. 
*) Krmnmel, cíp 98. 
^ BoBiít|M>r EBeb sanaxHHzi oiSiacreft. 
, -^ BifSBMel, cíp. 98. 



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102 Bi^cnm ib?oiih. 

BSflTÍE npaxftTBi^T, KOTopoe npnHaxjíesHrB n ncjy beh^oj^ spo- 
BftBim 8nH80AOBi nepBBxi Árh ťyccBTCBOtt BOlHy, 2S.flsia, sapa* 
vie cxasaBi SETeuirB, ito owb ne upoiherb be ojiboB BaniB 

BpOBV, eCJlE OBE CJIfLjiJTh TOJpOKh X06pOBOJII»HO, HO He OCTaBBTl 
HEXOTO Vh SEBHXrEy eCJH OBE COLVyTh COnpOTBBJfTKE. B^ X^flCTBH- 

TejBHOfTE wcuonErh yrposy. ^jo6u spexeraBEn cetii Epocn 
Ta6opETOBx, 6imevuM% naTECBOiTB ebabidexi ropaxB, BysHo xo- 
tfaBBTB, ^TO npazaTBwaHe san^EipajECs, o6iE6aa HaiiaxaR)mErB ropa- 
mfiV) CHOJioio. Břh OTvecTBy aa bto, a naasoe, ^o($ii paai Ba 
Bcerxa noKasarB, im owh Beer^pt xepsETB caoBO e bteitb Ha 67- 
^o^ee BpeHE ocja(hiTi> coBpoTEBjeHie BaronmoBi, SEaiaKa Mcrpe- 
tfBJíx Bce HjscBoe BacejOHíe ropová, ho seBHtEHH e x^te Óoie 
HOHiaseHK. Boofin^e HpaBEJOMi, Boropoe Stisica Bcer;^a cotfix>- 
xa;i%, ŮujLO e6epeo9ceHÍe ofcustm orceHutuKOjn u drbnuiMTi ^). 

CyXB<$a IIpaxaTEi^ 6yja ne exBHE^Bafl. Iloxoteoiiy se pase- 
poBiH) HCABepmeB MHorie xpyrie ropoxa, HpexynpexxeHHue l&Em- 
SOK) o(h> ojKExaiDD^el Exi ynacra^ ho npexynpesxenia ne noeiy* 
BiaBmieai. To^bo laRi se lavB bi IIpaxaTEqan, SSosBa ne pavb 
HorojiOBBO EaÓEBajTB Bce iiyscBoe Hacejieme. Ho hto aee aro 6an 
ne^ajiBHaa Beo6xoxEMOCTB, ByxBaa xja yc^MuneHia BaTOjnrEOBiy 
acBO E8X Toro, ^TO Bjifinrie Bpani TaÓopa nojy^ajiE nojHoe npo- 
H^eBie^ XEmh wnxo obe oxasajiECB 6en 6osi. Ta6opETii (kixvt 
secTOBE, tojíbbo Korxa em^b OBasHaajE conpoTEBJíeBie. Torxa b 
flpocTB, BUBHBaevaa bcbbbx^ oonpoTEBjeflíeirB, e asejraHie oro- 
xcTBTB BaToifliaiii aa exi beh^wb ho BBSBaBHsa acecroBocni aax^ 
tfesopysHHirB nacejieHieirBy cjiEBajECi vb oxho ^yacTBO Ó^meHCTBa^ 
HEBorxa jiripeBHOCTE ne SHaian^aro. Ho vh cnoKoflHOirB cocToaniH 
TaÓopBTH HepixKO npoEBjajni HopaaETejBHyio yxipeHHOCTB e Heaio- 
ÓBBOCTB. ^oeraTO^BO cxaaaTL, hto xorxa no oxoH^aHÍE nepaaro 
specfOBaro noxoxa Mjfmnají-ropa cffMCb 6en 60a, osa 6u;ia nonui- 
seea ^). Eojše camraro xoxaaaTencTBa BUHyaixoHHocTE Ta^o- 
pETCKBrB secTOKOcrefl ipyxno DpexeraBETB. 

ApyrEMi HopasBienHim^ xmaaarejiBCiBoirB yMipoBHOCTB xa- 
(SopETOBi vbí oxypaioH^eft aTMOc^ps 6vtb% xoserB nocjiywiTB 
noBoxeníe ex*b na ^aeiSBCBOMx eettiii 1421 r. dton ceŘwh co* 
<Spaaca cett9ac!B se nocxi noaopHaro EdniaBia Hebsbok) Ropoiea- 
CBaro Boflcxa. De facto bce BepxoBHaa bibctb cocpexoroMEBaaacB 
vh pyBaxi Ta($opflTCxaro aosxa e coBepmesBO bdojbí otb nero 
aasEc^jo xftTB TorB bib xpy^^ xapaxTepx BOCTaBOBJíeHiHirL cefiMa. 



») Tomek, Jan Žiika, cíp. 67, 181. 
*) Eramme], crp. 83. 



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TiBOPITH. 103 

IIoBexeHui xaTomrai nocjri^ Ůwtbu y JÍMmkWhj hjih nocii E^jiorop- 
CBoS 6wau 1620 r., xocraroHHO noBBOJflH)rB ^uiohetb, mki 6h 
Doeiymin npaBOBŠpnue chbh peMCiofi iiepKBH, ecjíH 6u ohe 
nin RiaciB Shsks. Ho laÓaimTH, lavB se saRi fb Haiajii boShu, 
sorjia OHv, sasjUM^BoiH Uparott, norpe^oBue ce6£ Bcero toibbo 
BpftBa cm((oxHO TOiKOBarB Giobo Eoade, BHRasuH aa ^acjiaBCBoirB 
celili yAimiTejLHyK) yMipeHHOcrB, flpio CBHX^TenccByHyiBQrio o 
mu, HTO Ta(k)piifu x^icrBOBajH 6ii ima^e, ecisóii hxi nponiB- 
Hin nociymuH ^eiOBiiBie. Bha^^ ^RO (kKiBniBHCTBO MarEcrpoBi, 
y^acTBOBaBímx^b na ceŘiAj ne Bxyn x^uie HeTnpex'& npas- 
cnxi craiefi h ýbsBO BHCKasHBaioTCfl npOTHBi ypaBHireiBHHXB 
TeeieHipt Taóopa^ 2ILnsKa ne hosbojthii cetft hh M&iiflinaro na* 
ouúr, ^10611 saciaBBTB ceftiťB noxaiB roioca vh jiyxi xadopcsaro 
yieHÍa, hjh nocranoBBTB saKie-HHÓyxB HacvjBCŤBeHHua iitpu npo- 
THBi KaiojESOBi. KpafiHe iK)<$onBTHO, "iTO nacmopTí RpyMMeaB 
cmBHTb Shsb£ Fb yxopi ero HflncociB na nacjiaBCBOirB ceiiit 
H npíMo roBopHTi: «Ecih(^ ^HSKa h Booón^e TaÓopnTH Gbijh 
waBOBBARie, OHE 6u ffijoam Óuzu ynorpeÓBTb ctojb bhfoabo 

XU HETB CJOBUUmiflCa OÓCTOflieJBCTBa, HTO61I CBJIOK) AOCTaBHTB 

TopsecTBo CBOBirs BOdsp^BÍflux, saKB 8T0 x^jajTL HO oxBBi npo- 
lecraBicBit rocyxapb XVI BÍBa» ^). 

H H6 TOIBBO vb nepBHO roffi boIIhii TaÓopBxn BHsasiiBajíB 
TaxyK> xBrBOCTB npn mbphíucb neperoBopaxi. B'b 1431 r. oxaa 
^emcBaB apnifl BToprjiacB kb MopasiK), xpyraa b:b Bearpiio, TpeiBB 
KB GBjeBÍH). CBJíeBifiipi nonpocBJB HBpa: bxi ynoíHOHOTOflfluft, 
BHflBB $iopcTeHniTellHi, yMOJUiXB Ta6opBT0Bi hmíib cosaa^BÍe s^b^ 
BecHaeiBOfi oÓJiaciH, TaBHMB tšcbhmh ysaicB cBflsaHHoB cb ?e* 
xiefl. «A pasBi Be bh se canB nopsaiB 8tb cbaba, — otb^tbjib 
eHy ryccHTu, — pasB^ bmíih bíi coasaiiBíe vh flaii^, Borxa bbi 
BaBOXHHJH Hamy 8eMJx> h cfmrjOL Hanin ropoxa? noveny bu xpe- 
fiyere otb hbcb 6oiBme MflrRocepxeHifl, Besejifl bii nosasajiB kb 
laiTB? Ecjih flamB cxoBa BacB ocBop6jflH)TB (cbook) HecnpaBexiB- 
BoerBK)) — ocnapBBafire; mu rorona BacB BiicsymaTB». JlííJiOy oxsaso, 
lOB^HiocB TÍMi>y HTO Ta6opHTH corjacBJBCB fla nepeMflpie, bufo- 
BopBBHiB, H10 caimŘmi ycraHOBETib HasasaBÍe 3a CHepTHue rpixBi 
yBE^ToasarB lani^B, hi^u e nperonarB bc^xi senn^BHi xypHoro 
ofSpaaa sbsbb ^). 

TaSBlTB 06pa80M'B Ta(k>pBTU B MCTEJIB HO tiesyCJOBHO, aiOJIBXO 

lorxa, Eorxa ^yBCTBO itecTB oCocrpBiocB conpoiHBJíeHÍeMi. 



1) Ejnonmel, cíp. 59. 
") Dtnis, crp. 885. 



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104 noTim mtousL 

Ho ecjiff o6BWEeme n «ysacaxi» oefiOBBBMics na jiosflo- 
WBiífasfiEEUTh ^amMX9j jgumiTh (SesyciOBHo, 6en sennidi nocm- 

BITB BXl Vh eBflSB CB BHdBaBmHlfH HX% 0(SCTOflTeJiCTBaifH, ($081 

xeiam ooitorTL bxb BHHysAerarocn, tfeff& sejiuk ocranaBn- 
Baňcfl Ha Tixh aiy^aazEy Borxa Tatf^srs npoiBJUH ^rptesmaft- 
Hyio yvipeHiiocTB, cjiob(wb, 6e9h wmÁto meMSMiA wiesemtTh * j^o 
Bi ero BCTBHHOin noJioseHÍB, to xpyroe oÓBi^sie, ycKramo 
noBTOpseifoe BCTOimBan vh pof/b Fe^^iepa h xp*9 y^e posBo 
HB Ha HevB HO ocHOBaHO H Vh 6oihmBBeaA txy^Ben npexerai- 
uen co<$OD CHcieiamnecByK) jiosb. Ma rosopBin o «rpa6esft» 

Ta(k>pHT0KB. 

Mn yse npBBoxBJB cjOBa ÁHxpei hs^ Bpo^ Koroput n 
crpaciH n rpa6esy xase BiixHrE edunemeeHHyw npEUBy xaóo- 
pHTCBaro xBBseHÍfl. dnvB ase xotbboms dseft CBJíBBift o((iuicHjien 
otipaai A^BcnB^ SLbsbb ^), tofo caHaro SKhsbb, Boropaft, Ůyfjn 
(JesycjOBHHHi noBejiHTeJieMi ?exÍB, ne npBCBOKTB oe6% hh oxboto 
Tnyjia, spoxi TBiyjia «({paTa», h lavB xaio saóonacfl o caoBn 
BMyn^eaBeBHBxi ffbjíarbi im ^npascicafl ofinviHa xojnBRa ůom 
HasHaHBTB neHCÍH) lerKt Toro, bio 6wrh 6onme ^bwh isoipoxseb 
íexÍH» *). 

npesxe Bcero mh, no nytH BSci^xoBaHLi laffopBTCBUi «rpa- 
(!eseft», cocTaBJUHni^r& «B0peHB Bcero noBexema BBÚeýBCTOBB>, 
Bcrpi^aeiicfl ch rbií^h ^btobís, ^nx) speeruHe paxB «6paTeBHn 
co6paHifi» sepTBOBajiH CBOHiťE BMyn^ecTBom, sa Óem/buojffh npoxa- 
BaiB ero h BHpyqeHHHff x^hefa, opímeximi na Ta6opi, «uaiB n 
Horaifb CBBB^eHHHBOBi*. OxHO BpeMH «cTpacTB nosHTB na fysoS 
cwrB» y EBs6ojLÍe BOcropaeHHHxi npBBepseHi^eRB Ta5opcBaro y^e- 
Hifl xoxoxBM xo Toro, ^TO OHB fifOíQ He HpoxaBajiH CBoe HMyqe- 
CTBo, a npflMO ero csHrajiB ^). 

Bi» TaBHX'E j^pMaap iipoBBJUuioc& crpeiueHie <nosHBBTBCB» 
xo Toro, Bass Ta($opHTH ycrpoHjracB b^ nocroBHHoe Boficso. Rasi 

OBB OTHOCBJIBCB Wh Fpatfesy HOCJri^ 9TDT0, Mil BHX^JIH BVE BHCtpyB- 

ipH MuxxBy yciaHOBJunDo^ett ciiepTHyH) KasHB sa MapoxepcTBO. 
H BOT^ HTO oCřh aioiTB noeica vh Boe&HOicB fbhhí TaÓoparoffB: 

«Bii, otfoBHiie H BOBHH, noiiHHTe Boerxa, "STO He oi^xy^^ TV^: 
THTB aiHSHH njuí offoraB^eHÚi fl rpaóeaaa, h ne T^attie BpemHH ffŘ 
Xo6u«> *). 

HcBpeHHOOTH BTHrB oíovh crtxywB 6eq^OBao bíphtb, nn 

1) Eneasse Sylwia, crp. 140. 
t) Denis, CTp. 224. 
*) Laurentíus, cíp. 850, 890, 410, 
*) Výbor, wp. 283. 



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TIBOPRH. 105 

tadopnesii nmHx OTjmiefCfl 6oiBinoio oiKpOBeiHOCTBH) r xu 
xaem BecBMa cypoBsur HaemBjíeHiii. 

^ OTjwqas copaBexJiBoeis cÓBwamm TafiopHioB^ bi^ rpa- 
(kmoh, MH BOBce He orpEipem loro, iro lafiopBiH Hea^kospaiHo 
saTOjmoBi Exi nijiiiecTBa. noflarie o rpadeac^ cjaraeica 

Wjj% M6iieHT0B%: OTHflTÍfl vyxwo HKyiqeciBa h npHCBoarifl 
»D Bs CBOV) noa&sy. IlepBoe xMeisHteiBHO nijio vícto, eciH tojebko 
nmiE «^SHirb> myniecTBOirB ffmomáe RaTOjnraecsaro xyxoBra- 
exBa, a ero-ro nasHincB oC^pasoKB ■ «rpa<kuH> Ta^opsTu, Ho sa 
TO He ŮEoo y TaÓopHTOKB BToporo— npflCBoemfl fb cbod nojiBsy, 
M DoiOMy FOBopsTB O «rpa6e»kx%» ímÓopsiOB^ SHann oiciynarB 
ffoie on cyzot ^pHanHot spalin. Aymnxwb xoBSUTencTBOinb 
tfeiBOpciem Ta^opirorB, jiyímiiťB AoaaMTejrBCTBom roro, hto 
ntei«TH «rpa((uH») msoíki oroMonRB RaiojrasaMi^b sa htb (Jes- 
^BHorBa, 8T0 TO, no rpateaui HnyrB He oejiaóiMH (HiOHt#9Mi«HM 
ntepneiaro Boflcsa, j»mb uocA ocepin ^isbh (1424 r.) en^e 
HieBoiBBO jňn hh^ofo He noiepoBmell hbi^ CBoeft iropBOHaHaiBHot 
opoTOCTH. A ms^kctBO, H10 paHBme Bcero HapoxepciBo Hrpa5es% 
oipftxanrefl Ha ffci<HnjHHt. jO^ase BauramreOHi, 60<$paBimfi CBoe 
BoicBO cHei](iaAHO H8S jMffiŘ^ asaatAaBiiiHXE otforan^emfl, h otfpa- 
mfasBáŘm cfh to6csBmB(m seiueio oe Jiy^me HenpiaTeu, npexno- 
oóoran^ncfl nyreirb npasHnHO HajioasesHim BOHTpH(^^ft, 
xass xopomo cosraBan, wto sLejriteHas ffici^nEiHHa ero 
WfHÚm pyxHerE, jihdib tojiebo obi xcton npocropE rpafiHTeucBHirb 
MBemBm9íM%. KpecroHOCi^H HOioxy HMenno h lepniaiH nopaseHur 
eB% Ta6opBTeBaro Boficsa, soiopoe 6wio vh nemupe pasa icajio- 
^■caeflHie ero, hto iBŮoj^msi 6umk ^xymeBjeHii »ettHÍeMi no- 
ůbjfw^ vesKxy TÍHi KasB ipecioHOimHĚ cópox^ syMajii tosbko 
o TOKB, neóu rpaÓHTE vh cboid nojoay. 

Ta0opHiH ase botb san nociynajiH » nojiyvaeifoft BoeHHOfi 
^IBteieB: <nra ocfaBUJui y ce($fl BoenHHH npnHaxJiesHOCTB: opy»e, 
flKttm, JomajteS h t. x- ^ ^^ ocmoMHoej vh towb ňcjrii bc£ 
iqpumtteBHe taiiHn h sojotha Beo^H, CíM^ia^fi. Ilpn bbatíh ro- 
pe(xa Ge^ixeqa ccepetfpmifl h BOJtomfl boo^h* (jqmtoi^hheiíi), moh- 
tqMunpi, naoiH h wpom oxeswi Tatiopna cnecjiR n okbj sy^y 
m npexan orHH>». H^bojebso speMran cnycia 6Hjia Bsaxa ^- 
Men Paifie. «Tyxa ospeccHEie snem, xaK^B CBiTcde, Tan h 
ny aMMH e, cHeen kmsl tfeaooacHocni bc6 cboh xparmi^HHOCTH, 
BiMKur H cepedpaHiui Bentv, xparop^HHHe saMHH, gppoTuí ruBíthz 
m opyade. Bck> ary xoÓH^y, sa ncumeHieiTB Hedoumoro sou* 
opysúi H jfoma^el, xaÓopHm biihocu vn Jiar^s, h cjo- 
B% (SojiBmyE) xy^, cosrjn». He ssbam yMHOsais uc^a 



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106 BSCmKB. BBFOnH. 

OTxbshEUTh cjj^aera, bhojhí aHUorHiBuxi toako-^to npne* 
jífiWHuwí H BauiD^aioqncfl n xpoHHS^ crpacTEtro npoTHBBHBa 
Ta(k)pHTOFL— JlaspeHTÚi mvh EpsesoBS, cjrbxoBaTeiBBo stnoxospH- 
Banin yxe hh fb KasoMs cjy^ai He xociyiiHim, xu orpaHs- 
uMCfl líifiy HTO H8i» Toro se J[aq>eHTÍa npHBexeiTB csixisie, 
otfot^fl^aioiiiee OTHomeme TaÓopiiOFB ra «Harpa(SjieHHBirB» 6oraT- 
CTBam. Ob ropLKHiTL HyBCTBoiTE nepexaerE JEaspeHiift, Basaa «enor- 
mis fama» (ysacHaa Moana) nomjia bi Espont npo xbTh jjccbt 
TOBi, xoTfl «BirHOBaTa» 6um oxhh toilko TaÓopHiH. Ilepsiift 
nywsvh 8T0fi ysacHofi xojbh nacHn, ^to «bi BoreMCBOHrB Kopo- 
jieBCTBi canosHHBH H nopTBue OTnpaBianrb 6osecxBeHHyH) cjiys6y, 
HTO TBWh ne xijaercx pasEHi^u icesxy ^xobhbicb h mípahhhoitb 
H 9T0 Óopoxanie jnoxH, 6e8% romjpu na fojobí, roBoparb MeocH». 
Bropoft nyHKrB— TTO «CBfln^HHH]a[ TaÓopHTCRÍe notfysxavTB yra^- 
TOisatB H csHraiB bcí i^epsoBrna xparoi^HHOCTH» ^). 

HysHO JIH nocii btofo en^e xapasiepBSOBaTB «rpa<$aTeucBii» 
HauoHHOCTH TaCopsTOff^ ecjiH BJiiĚnrie Bpara hxi KOCBeHHO j»Mm 
uwh laRoe apaoe yxodOB^penie vb tfesaopucriH. 

^oÓaBHiTB, HasoHei^^y no rjiaBBairb ofipasoirL paspymeHia Ta- 
6opHTOBi 6um HanpaBJíeHu npoxHBi Monacnipet h ny^jonsarb 
XOMOBX. EcjE 6ypfl paspymeHÍfl saxisajia h Hacraoe HMyn^eciBO, 
TO BCBBÍft pasi cjy^iúlHo: jh6o bi nujy Óitbu, jb6o iisi crpaie- 
rHTecBBXi coo6paseHÍfi. Bi cnoBottsoirb. coctoibíh xyxa, Ta(k)pini, 
npB BceiTE cBoeMX oipHi^aniH ^aemofi coiJcrBeBHOCTBy ea npan 
BHRorxa He HapjrmaiH. O&b btoitb BaiiiqaTejibHO CBBX^TeucxByen 

to OÓCTOfliejlCTBO, ^TO TaÓOpHTU HjaTHJlB COÓCTBeHHHBaVB SE HOJS, 

CTOHiaHmia bo ^exa cópaicraxi co6paHi8» ^). Ha «6parcsii[ 
co6paHÍa» creKaiocb mhofo, mhofo Tucani Hapoxa, hhoB pasB xo 
copoaa, Taai ^to coÓcreeHHHHH noiefi ne hh^jh 6u HHBaaiA bos- 

MOSHOCTH BaCTaBHTIb TaÓOpHTOKB BOBHarpaXHTb HX'B 8a yÓiITBH? Ho Ta- 

Óopnm caMH, nocjrí^ ysHHa, saBepniaBrnaro no npHMipy nquiHXi 
xpHcriaHi Ópaicsia coópama, co6ipajH xesxy co6oft neoÓxoxHB^yo 
cymiy h nepexasajH ee Bxaxtjbi^aM-B cxoniaHnaro co6paHÍeirB nociBa. 
Mu bhxíjh TaKse, hto TaÓopHxcaie CBaqeHHHRH nporecTOBajiH npo* 
mm BCBBHxi no6opoBi c% EpecrLaHi, xoia 6ii x&se Hy;BHHX'B x^ 
xocTaBJíeHifl noÓ^xu *AÍ^7 Bosbd». Ca^xOBaieiBHO, BOo6I^e, ra- 
6opHtu 6epesH0 oCxoxhihcb n vysníti xo^pom, h rat oxypato- 
n^efl 6oeBofi aTMoc^^u Bcerxa n neny othochucb m yBaaLefiieif^t; 
HO MOHacTupE H nyójumue xoMa paspymajiECB bo Bcaaoe BpeMs; 



1) Laurentius, crp. 256, 869, 894. 
«) DeniB, crp. 203. 



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TiiOFITH. 107 

yimoxeHie 8thx^ ^xpaiion He^eeria> BxoxHJid vh niopwmy^ 
npoqmifiiy HacasxeHin i^pciBa np«BXH na sexii. 

Bl 1433 TOfj, cjrtxoBaiejiBHO fb TtRofi xoHeHTB, Borxa Bces- 
Hoe wryn^ecTBO Ta6opa jfictnvio CBoero aoorei, Upoioirb roBO- 
puh n oxBOtt vn cbobxi ptvel: «Mti x^a Toro tojibbo nepe- 
Baem lamecrb Botosr, vrotfn paencTHTB mícto bx itepRBH rtiix 
(íosecTBraHiiirB BcnHairB h tok^ CTacrBe spmocflii^eify inipy^ 
mopse ooK/q^n sa co6oi> exnHcrBO ^qepuH, (SparcBys) jiid5ob& 
Bcin jno^efi, HpaBCTBeHHoe oÓHOBjenie b Bootfqe Bce zopomee» ^). 

Ho sorxa BCTopneciafl mhccíh Ta6opa 6um oxoBH3Ha, Borxa 
piHcxai iqmpxiB nojijmjiia nepBsfi CMeproHocHHft yx^p^y mu sa- 
xincMii "ipeaBHqatHO SHaMeHaTejiBHHt noBopon bl iripocosep- 
maiH rposHarL BoneJiefi. Ohh no npesHeiiy cravoBaTCfl <]fe^- 
Taiejnn». Tonso TeoepB, Borxa nona pacvBn^eHa SBepraTOCSBin 
BCnaxnaHiein saiteearo nxyra, etiieHa neraBu, bmb dpocaemiB, 
v&nB X MarBB. Tbu% ne hob^ obv ffiion, BHCOBie, xopomie 
Bcio;pa. TasoRb ecrecTBeB&Hl xox^ Basi^ sa xMcTBBreibBOfi hhbí^ 
Ttxi B Ha bbbí BeropBBecBofi xbbbb. 

Mu roBOjpHm o «^emcBBXi» bjb <xopaBcraxi (Spaiuxx*^ 
BeffoepexCTBeBBHxi npeeiiHBBaxi TaÓopBTOBiB. IIo cbobmi bbu- 
jax%, OHH tfsjra vh cyn^HOCTH rt seTa^opaTH, ho tojsbo muvh 
oyiexi xotíjb xocraBBTB Topseerso cbobmi babami. OcBOBarejK 
ůftacm — Ilerpí XeJB^B^BÍt poxBXca bi 1890 roxy, crtx. Bca Tpa- 
r^ ryeeBiCTBa pasBBBaiacB na ero raasaxi. FHtiejiB TaOopHTOBi 
Be yopaniBxa h ne ytfšxvM ero b ovt chíjo pasBBBajrB bxi axes. 

OxBHi HHcaréJB HaBHBaen ^emesaxi ÓpaiuBi^ bpotbbmb ec- 
eesvB HOBaro BpeMean. H x^BerBBreiiKBO, bio caicaB KffrRax cesra 
i3fB bcítb, xorxa-jra6o cyni^ecTBOBaBQiBXB. H Bce se osa xepsBTCB 
yse nsToe CTox^iíe h xocraBjíiien c^aerie bc^itb cbohmi hocji^xo- 
Wíem%. TasoBa CHia můsm m cojBxapBOcrB. 

B% xpyroM^ lAcA MH 6ojňe boxpo6ho ocraBOBBMOi na iio- 
paBcnrB h HemeraxL 6paiurxx. 3xtei» BaiiiniBi tojibbo o6ibSsl 
M^frru yioBÍfl 6paxBeBB, bto6u noiaaaTB Hei«)cpexerBeHHyK> cbasb 
eio a ywHiflini Ta6opa. Mopascxie 6paTL9 bto ri^ se xaÓopBTii, 
vtíom ne HocmBjeBHB^ vb ropBByx) HeotfxoxBHOCTB) BpoMt ne^a 
]QrxoBH&rO; otiaasBTB BxevB HaiepiajBBiiS. 

OcBOBaiejexi cesru, aaxBarBBniett bdocjiiíx<^ii orpoMByio ^acTB 
CTCBUo napoxa, dsin Derpí XejB^Bi^Bift. 3fO oxbbi bbb Tbx% 

miaiBHQXl H BX TO se BpeMH BHCOBO-HpaBCTBeHBUXX jiK>xei, 

mopHXB ropxHTCií ^emcBÍI Hap>x^ 6en pasiB^iB napiifi. Obt> 



O Fakckf» 6 B. cíp 118. 

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108 BftCTHm monn. 

BOBee He íun yieHHi, niozo A$Me sHan no-jmiHHH. Ho acBKt 
ym H ^yTBoe (xpwífi bmjuA saMteuH eiiy onoAsye 117- 

XPOCTb. 

«rjaBHÍIiiniHH coiEHeHisMH XenmiBaro óojol «0&TbB&pH» 
H «nocTHjijia». Ran h ero coapexenBum: obi ocmnaaen eaoe 
yieme na penrioBHiizi nojaseaum. Oita víinb ecrb ywBW 
XpscTOBO, BOiopoe xoJUKHo asBieBan HUOBfoa hsb leiuHit rjy* 
0BHH SHielcBaro Hopa h ero mopa^iiiB. Tuia saipiuui ou <ia>- 
xeS H OHH H6 yaaaDn acTUBaro aaBOoa XpaeiOBa. fi^ otiisc- 
Herna btofo BaKonai XeiB^Hiuút yBftBSBMTB na nepBoituTHoe 
ycipoflcTBo zpHciíaHCBaro oón^ecisa, to yerpoftetBO, wtopm^ tobo- 
pm OHI, eiHraeica leaepB bi^ pnoot i^epasH rHycmm epers- 
necTBOMi. Xeiani^ni o& bjiob apomea) eifteTca aaxB tfaseJBonm 
aanpiTHHKaxi pHMCBOi itqiaBH, rosopa o «rayzol nepBotSiiTBOl 
qepBBH», BOTopaa cayauua (Sen opaan, <Se8% mocrejOBB Ob pM- 
pHcoBaHHHXH CT^HaiiH, 6en MyBinui w acaycHaio nfema ro *o- 
ifUTB. 3ia nepBoikmiaa qepaoBB k (bua ero meairas o6ii^eeneB- 
Haro ycrpoficTBa, ocHOBanHinrB Ha paBeHcni, omOox^ h ÓpaiCBi. 
XpaeriaBcarBO, no xh^h) ero, xo chxb nopi xpaHHTB kb ceííi 
BTH ocHOBaaia, h nysHO toibbo, ^toůu o^o^bctbo BoeBpaiuocB ks 
ucTOMy xpHcríaHccBy, h rtoóu oaasaica laiamHam BcaiiS hboA 
nopaxon, aorqioiiy Hysm xopoiH h naHSi: bo Boeicb xociamHO 
oxBoro sasoHa MW&m. ^RaoíHft yacyeib ipasxuciafo yHpawaeiria 
HysaKB TOJBHO xaa npeeiynaa)Dtaxi BaaoH& swtaaitfBi. Iloasoicy 
on rpizoFB aBHiacB nysxa v% aopojOBcaazi nopaaaaxib h aaao- 
fiaxB x^a onfH^eaia rpftxoBB h HenoeiymaHla Bory». Haaa- 
BHX'B saaoHOBib ne (huo 6u nysHO, eciH^ cozpaHaaca sasovB 

JDOČBH. 

JKeaaa ocnosaiB rpasxMcait eipoS Ba oíótm^ XeAinviS 
coBepmeHHO oraepraen npaao BotHH h CMepnyv aana: aea- 

BÍft BOHHl, ffOĚB B «pHI|apB» OeTB TOaBM gaCBIBHagB H 

y(Htita». Bce xoisbo wpsanca toiebo ivAoěmo, noarcwy y^e- 
Hie XeiBwi^Mffo, ocHOBarancB na nepBo6HTHO«B iqi B cr iaHq a A , 
nouixoBareiBHO OTBepraao qei^ieByK) h muiCMym Bjacra, npi- 
BBJJieriH oocJomĚ, spteoerHoe npaao; <Nn BaBiiiBai'B ROpomB- 
CBBXi npaBBTeiefi tomob) 6e8xftj&HHROB!B, xoTopaa ne nvqciMpn 
nofuh Bosifi BaBMi, noroicy no aaca zpacnaHcaii poxia xoncesB 
(Shtb ypaa&enB wh jívs6m m upui; OHi BOBoaaan nporaaiE aaaHH 
npecTynHHZOB», BoropHZs Hysao tojbbo HcnpaBiaiB 0paTaun% 
yiiacTÍeM*B; oh% He npBdnaBan oociobíI h Bcann npaai^ pMwe- 
Hía, CMiaica naxs reptfaMH h cmajCB, hto bb HiininiHeirB ycrpott- 
CTB% o6qecTBa rocnoxciByerb chm ÁHTHzpHcra, aoropot saHajrs 



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TiBomH. 109 

nepvm s mcmKrapm. CBonri xyzom, npoTHBHtnii xyxy Xpooia, 
eio MMSsa M saBOHy ^). 

Icpomo oo8H«BU, HTO FjiaBHiifi Bpan paBeHCTBa H 6paTcrBa — 
910 oon se neioBin, XTPHin CBOflcna loioparo pasBepniBaDTca 
npv BcawMB npexcTaKUiK>ipaieji €jyva<6, XejB^npnS eoBfoyen 
CBomn nocj^AOBBieJBirB: 

plynné crpajiaiSy hím^ npecj^xoBaTB canoiiy; jy^me hobiho* 
Hncf, ifarb iTOBejviBaTB* ^). ^x% ffgauiiriji xMsefli^ ($fiiTi» no- 
laBjeH^ «Bce eocroine BÍpyioniiaro xoocho suiKnancfl vh xps- 

CritBOOirB B]ieHH». 

Teo^ XeA^^BtrOy BycBasaHHBUi vb CTpui, CTon ^yTBoft 
B& ^MtBoneHBiim 8«xami%9 ho ocrajicb xccroameirB CeCiío^R' 
jon. OrporocTs yroHÍa Xen^aqsaro Bsmajia CHavajia najio npaK- 
nneesKn iH)CJrtwBaxej^, lo ^bcjk) ■x'b, oxamn, nocroflHHO bob- 
pacraio, h &n«aiiiiie iipnepi^eKD[H ero yjise paeo npHHfljH hma 
^apuyemh Xeuaqiaxb». TasKrb o^n^ecTBB aBuocB sh ?exÍH 
xBoro jjtocA Basemi Tatfopa: pacnpocipaHMie bw' XeuHEi^saro 
Xiuo HOByK) BBBity crapHMi xatfopflTCKBm ctpeiueBÚnrB, b vb 1457 
p^ oeeoBajoca no BxeiirB Xen^flipuro ÓparerBO KyaBajiBXCKoe. 

3l0 ÓpaTCTBO BpHHUO BOTOm BBaiieflflTOe BMB 06fl^BII wmcBBn 

dfuten (Jednota bratří českých^ Jednota bratrská). 

Odnoma óan petyjuToroirB crpeujiesia ocy^eciBETB BpaiTB- 

vcnr coifiaiBBoe ycrpoAcTBO bo nauiaiTB BepBOÓsnsaro xpacriaB- 

crea. 3to 6im nccjAf/út buboa'b, xo Koxoparo xomia HemcBaa 

pe^^iiaqionBaB Bxeii vh títl np^ikiaxi, Boropue ociaBBja et 

BOBeiaBBnui na nee peau(ÍA. FoBenia, BsorAa ohobb secrosifl, se 

mieóajui BcspraBiro b rjyÓOBaro yd^xesifli b npBBi^inti o6- 

I^BBu paenpocTpaBHJBCB vh orpoMBOt Hacra nemeBaro b Mopas- 

cnr^ saceieflifl. OcBOBBaa icacca «6paTBeBi» npenaxJiiosaja xony 

ae npociwy uaccy napoxa, BoiopaĚ nocraBUjn san^HTBBRORb 

met ryca b bobhobx Ta6opa. TaaBMi otfpasoirB, oón^nna «(ÍipaTLeBi> 

ten cioiBXO se eaMoteiBsirb b BaqioHaibBnirB BpoBSBexeBíeM^B 

VBKsott napoxHoft sbsbb b kucib, BarB (Shjib caiioÓEiTBfii nep- 

ie nmoBBBU bioto xBBzema, BaB'B caitB XejBin^aifi, BesnaB- 

«i HO-jaTHHB, B 6parB rpBTopifiy nepBHB npaini^ecvifi Bsinoji- 

^t> BarjuxoBi. 

TetqsenraeeBB Hemcsie 6pMBfl se nonun xuBme Xen^BAsaro* 

Qgjfomaoe sBamBÍe bx'b coctobt% vh wm, ^lo obb noBaaaiB aSB- 



^) Ber. CJAB. JUT., II, exp. 306. 

^ GÍDdeljy Gesdiichte der bdlimiiolLen Brtlder, t. I, cíp. 16. 



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110 BftCTflUl IBPOUH. 

Boetfr loro ysipefiiji, Ójato rpaasxaHCBoe oÓu^ecTBO nošen xep- 

SaXBCfl lOJhKO CHJOH) DpHBySAeBÍfl. 

Epaibjí pyKOfiOAUHCb TO^bBO aK)6oBbio n ceHcxoxHxeAHOCibH). 
ŤaBi, aaop., obh no npEfli^ny ho npHBHaB&iii óoraTcraa. 3ro hmi, 
OAnaKose, ne Mimajio npeflEKaib vh cbok> cpe^y (Joranus h snaT- 
flux^By flo TOiBRO BMi npH 8X0111 BflymaaocB: Vto6u ohh ne sa- 

6JbMB, HIO BCt JK)AK — ÓpaTUTy ■ 9T0 OHB ďOANCHM CO6cmS^iH0 

ihimb uxz CAytaHU. Umii nocraBauocs aa bba'b, ^to npeaityi^e- 
ciBO nojosefliď h rocyAapciBeHBoe sajOBan^ ohs v^mlbsl aaoiy* 

aKBXb yCHJeBEOH) A^BTeai>H0CTi>K)». 

3flaHy Hio rjiaBHutt Bpars nejOBi^ecBaro cucxbfl — aro ;(yx:B 
crasaBÍB, Ópax&fl B86iraaH loproBJui, xotx jsejutemHii^E ne aaope- 
B\aJiocB ee bocth. Uxi tojibbo npexBapuB; hto bio — oiem ona* 
CHoe Aiifl ;iyniH peiiecjio, ÓaHSBO noAxoAantee vh pocroBn^fl^ecTBy^ ^). 

nociaBBBB rjaBHUMi AorifaroM^b cBoett pe^aría jk)Čobb, 6pari>fl 
HSÓirajHy no coBiiaiii XejBui^Baro, bcaboí Batrnseft HatfosHo- 
CT0, ciapaacB aaiťlHBTB ee BByrpoBHoft B&poft h AOxasaTB cboio 
jiotfoBB Bi Bory nocTyoBaiiH. 

Boo6ii^e npaBTH^ecBoe npBBOAeBÍe vh Hcnoaneflie eBaHrejiEC&ož 
jk)6bu ecTB raaBBafl OTJiHHBieaBBafl ^epia ÓpaiBeai. Cei^acB se 
BO BpeMfl nepBaro €o6paHla 6paTBeB'B bb ropoA'& Peixenay oiJHa* 
pysfljiocB <pacnaAeBÍe 6paxcTBa aa Asa BjeMeaia: xeopen^ecsifi h 
apasTB^ecBitt. Ho nocjiŠAHitt arpaerB 6ojfte BasayK) poiB. /l,a a bo- 
očo^e Bca A^axeaBBOCTB ÓpaiBeBi 6ujíh úcto npaKmuHecKOH* . 

EpaiBa aajB pascysA^tiB o tomi, 4xó aojlsbo cjiysarB ocao* 
BaBiem bxi pejtarifl^ a pimajuii qxo oaa AOJsaa 8aB.aio«aTBCfl bi 
acBynaeaia nocpeACiBOMi a^pu a AíĎ6hii^ aoxopoe oabo mosotb j^xh 
aaAesAy na at^aoe ĎJiaseacxBO. 

Cefl^acB se nocjii Bxoro coBia^aaifl nepeuua aa opasraie- 
€ByK) no^By. KasAutt ^ŠMi-aatfyAB A&ttcxBaxejiBaBUťB AOJseax 
npoflBBTB CBOK) npBBepseauocTB Kh aoBott peiaria jbdÓbb. 3io 
ficero ay^me Aocraraexca ÓJiaroycxpoeaaoH) npocxoroio bb sasaji 
xasAaro. EoraiBie AOJsau oxBasaxBca otb pocaoina a myMaaro 
BecejLBBy o5pe^B ceiía aa AotfpoBOuayio 6tAB0CTB (xo^eaB oi* 
aocaieJBao apesaaro ÓoraTcraa) a aocBaiaxB cej5a BaÓoraiii o 
(S^AHUXx. Eesi ycxaaoBjíeaia otfu^ocxa aiiyaiecTBi, BcaBÍft aoj- 
seax o6jaA&TB cotiaBeaaocTBio tojbbo a^ Apyroro. IIoKoraiB 
i^paiy vh (SÍA'^~ecTB otfflsaaaocTB. Kxo ae apoA&iaeTB Ópaicsax^ 
HyBCTFB vh B^pi B Hocxy BBaxi — acBau^aexai mh ÓpaTcraa^ ^). 



*) Gindelj, ?. I, exp. 85, 86. 
>) Qindely, t. I, exp. 81. 



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TáBOPITH. 111 

IJ^aiaxa ara cjuimBOicB apsa^ hto6h ohe eyssaJiacB vh RasHxi- 
jh6o BOMMeHTapiflrE. K'& neS HysHO cx^jetb esoie oaho aoÓmjlb- 
me j(u TŠrS| sio nojiaraen, ^ro es yBH^TOseHieirB ucto-jih^- 
BMUh ciHvyara^B nocrpa^aerB laiBi-HasHfiaeMaf «i^HBHj[H8ai^ifl». 
OsiaHBaercfl, ^lo fb nepsoe crojšiie cyn^ecrseBaHÍfl ÓpaiciBa, x.-e. 
BS nepioA^ canaro fiójumaro npci^BtiaHífl ero meft, ópaxjui, 
■rpaBmie easHyK) poiB bi lemcsoft pejiHríoaHofl HCTopin, sanH- 
muon BasHoe iricio h vh ^emcsoB jrareparypi CBoett oÓmnpHofi 
xtoejuHOCTBX); cb canaro Ha^aia cpe^H hxi abhjocb MHOBLecxBo 
HHCttiejieS, BBB soTopuxi HHue npHHaAJieftarB bi caMHKi snaMe* 
HinurB HiieHairB vemcBoB jiHiepaTypu ^). 

Maďo Toro, ucjio «6paTCBHX'B> couHeHífl bi o6jiacxH AJ^obho- 
HpaBCTBeHHHxi BonpocoFB ^pesBuuSEiiiTB o6pa80Mi (um ein un- 
geheueres) npeBOCxoxHrB cyxMy npoHSBexemfi eceu lemcBoB xeojo- 
mecBofi jfBiepaTypH xoro BpeneHH^ ^). 

He HysHO saÓBiBaxB, ^xo Bpoifi xeojorÍH HH^ero dotth h ne 
6buo Vh jfliepaxypš xoro BpeMeHU. CjiŠAOBaxejiBHOy nenBinafl wctb 
lemCBaro aapoxa, noA^ BjtíflHieiíx CBoero caxooxpeHemfl A^uiApy- 
nx'B, doume nocďiysHJia vemcBofi TorAamflett ofipasoBaHHocxH, 
BeseiH 6oji^e KHorovHCJieHHafl lacxB nemcBOtt Ba^iH9 ocxaBmaaoi 
BipHOK) cxapoMy o6pa3y mucih h cxapoicy cxpoio shbhh. 

Bx axoMi yKCXBeHHOiTB npeBOCxoACXBl nemcBHx^ tfpaxBCB^B 
Mfjmewb pflAOiTB ch HpaBcxBeHHuifB, BŽrB HflHero yAHBflxejBsaro, 
larb BaBx nemcBÍe 6paxBfl abe^ihcb npflííHMH npeeMBEsaiiB xa- 
(íopHxoKb, a o npocBŠn^eBÍii xa(5opflxoB% Bani bsb^cxbo cj^Ay^* 
iqee: dflett CbjebbíB^ BOiopBiĚ caai^B nocin^ajii xa6opaxoBi& n boxo- 
paro xpyABO sanoAOSpHXB b:b npBCxpacxÍH bi ahm^b^ pascBasHBaerB, 
mro Vh Ta6opi ero BapIxBJíH «jyqinie roposase, CBfl^eBBHBH h 
y^eHHBH, roBopa no MiumLj—nomoMy nmo emomd ueČMíopodubiú 
napcdb moAhHo mo UMtbJUd ez ceútb xapoumtOy umo aio6w^ Haynu*. 
B& xpyrom icicii ob^b roBopaji^B, ^xo nepeA'B xa6opiixaMH «ycxB[- 

ffUflCB 6il BXajBflflCBÍe CBflmeBBHBH, B8l BOXOpHXl OABa BXO*BB- 

ůsr>> npo^ejTB BHOiffl HoBHtt 3aBŠxx, xorAa BaB'B icesAy Taóopn- 
mm He HafiAexcfl Mosexx duxB seHii^HHii, Boxopaa 6u ho CByn^aa 
obbAutb B8i Bexxaro b HoBaro 3aB%xa>. 

TasHiTB o^pasoMi baí^b mu BaÓJuoAaem xo se ASJíeBÍe, boxo- 
poe imAtnuaL y (oroMBJíOBiy b Boxopoe otíAijsm^ vh pyccB0M'B 
fMJMoi: «BpaftHocxB» MHinitt ne xojbbo se ocia5jifljia npBBep- 
xemocTH KB npocBta^eflÍK), ho HaopoxHBi xoro, sHa^BxejBHo 



O Ber. eiaB. isr., II, cíp. 308. 
s) Qjndélj, T. I, erp. 89. 



í ' ■ Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



112 BMHBft lapom. 

XBHraen ero Bnepe^: ÓoroMus, TaiSoparH, lemcxie <ípatM| 
pacBoiunftH, H M9h nocjAffiBXb mmóaxie «KpaBHÍe> — fjxo6&pma^ 
ifOiOBEHei nnyHXKCiH Bcer^a csoum HeepaBserao Bunie OKpyauuD- 
n^eft cpeffEi ne toimo bi HpaBCiseHHOirB, ho k kl yMexBeHHOia 

OTHOmeHÍE. 

Ho cauit sasHiifl htopb naciointaro oiepia, »to tO| ^w 
Bzy^Bx>mfA la^opsTciBO h ero b&tbh biihochti to orpmtHoe 
BneiaTj^e^ hio Hemciíe nůopwruj tetb se xasit h tfoin^* 
cide ÓoromuH h lan se, san pycciie pacBOiBHHU, b!& caiy 
HpaBCTBeHBaro nox^Ma, Ůtdjm ^amhH Memdy co6oů % Memo^if 
HUMU ne GbiAO Úndíiuxz. 

C. BiiriPOBi. 



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^ Cli» mrntr. airycn, 687 cíp. 
taft T^— GtBTUBP&y 1883. 8 



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IH B^BGTHSKl IfiPOIIH. 

ipy^aMH H onacHocTflHH, xechmii oÓcraBJíeHO HdciiAOBaHie nycnmE, 
MB oGraHOBHxcfl na AByxi He^aBRo BSAasHiirB BHHrarB: nyreme- 
ctbíh HaxTnrajfl vh Caxapy h Cyxaai h nyremecTBiH Poib^^ 
Effh TpsnojiR vb Ryj^py ^). Onen jiio6oniiTHO Óyxen^ BtponHO, 
nyremecTBÍe JleEn^j nepsaro cneipajucra - reo jora, DoeiTHBmaro 
Caxapy; ho ero KHHra eo^e roroBHicii kl laxaníi). 

HaxTsran cran BBCjiwBareieirB Aj^pasH ciynallHO. Or& 
Ty^a npBxajTb npocio axa noiipaBj6HÍfl BXopoBbfl^ eme kb 1862 ro;Q^y 
H ocrajioi sHTb bi TyHHci, noTOMy fio hoúodÓba Kpal, xo^omo 
BHy^HJCs no*apa6cKH, ofisaBeJca npasTHBOĚ h HacioiLBO ocBOHica 
co Bc&iH ciopoBaicH hígthoS shbhh, ^10 xase yvacxBOBan bi 
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xajiBiney bi rjyÓB nycraHi h bi Bopey; ho, cosHaBaa cbob) ne- 
noxroTOtiJiéiiHOCTb — Boropas, no ero ciOBam, h BnocjrbxcTmH Msoro 
saxepacajia ero poBucsaHifl— ohi ho xaBan bojh bthitb Mevram, 
noKa PojB^KTb HeosHAaHHo He npexioauui eny OTBesiH nncbiio 
H (JjaroxapcTBeHHHe noxapsv npyccsaro sopoju cy^rany Eopny, 
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otfuBBOBeHHaa, Ha hícboubo MÉcaqeBi; bhbijm) un asore nyre- 
mecTBÍe, iqK^xojJBaBflieeai raecn Jiin (1868 — 1873) b saiilu- 
leiBHoe HO TOJiuo 00 BHiepecy T|tyAHO xPciyBEiixi erpaHi, boio- 
pufl nyTHHBy yxajiocB hocíietb, bo b no ÓorafCiBy co(^BHHzrb 
cBftxiBífl, otfpafioraHBHXi Bnoeii^ca^BÍB . ci HeotiiUHOBeHBiiicB na- 
crepcTBOMi. B% TbÓoctb, dru^ Boffij^ Eopny bbbto ne npona* 
saxi HB x<^, BB nocift HaxTBrajui; novm eny oxnoiiy mh q6sl- 
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HaxiBrau TaM'E yxiuocB noÓuBaxb Boero XByni eeponeiitam. Mh 
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BBi MBcu HaB(Sojite BBiepecHstxi anflsoxoBft meciBjrbíHBXB crpan- 
crmfi HaxTBraju, ona oxna BoniJia b% BsxaHHHS xo cbxs nop% 
nepBHfl TOM'B ero BHHni ^). dioro oCpasusa fiyxer^ oxianose, xo- 



1) BHffle MH HMBan mh xhuh; vasM Petermann*! Mitthdlungea 1880— 1881, — , 
ixt n oco6eHHocTH cm. crani) x-pit tamepa, Die Dattelpalme (xodoihht. Terpaxb 
16 64, 1881} K crani Poibtj^: Zor Ljbischen WOste, 1880, crp. 446; h Die His- 
BÍOD Flatters, 1881, crp. 298. 

s) nocji cocTEBieHÚi HacTOjmeft craTUi nomica < sropoft tovb. Cttn Haxim-» 
rau Tenepb BTopHiHo OTopanucA bi Tynci, b% saaBiK repiiaBCiaro reBepanutro 
BOBcyja. 



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EJMttjiS^sutm k^nu. lis 

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iswBXM^nr AffNBl. 117 

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sporsn, A^^pvsy pasopun; nwm ÓMVOffmusí crpaHo ysnaion 
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pono, H Htaii« — Masaiqee y m Hon Tpsffojra; opEYem bc&ici 
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H mmffBTb, HTO cm nieMeBaia HycmHH mosho neperoBapBBaxBCfl 
miBBo «iipv neepexcnl CBflsi^a*. 

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neraHCBaro dtoepa AýpHKH, ooBpeveHHafl AtScrrareiBEOCTB AueBO 
Be npouBDOXHTi Tasoro derarpaRHaro Boewrjí^Bifl, fime vh paa- 
eaast eaiiOFo PMbýca. TMxeiiqioBBWi Hana^XH h canocraBJíeHiH, 
BaupasiraHiui nporaSB Aovaiiranrs noíHisvecnn npornHHBOBs, 
€Bopr6é cnocdtfHH BEESBan npcmen bi^ HenpexytiisxeHHOirL VHia- 
texb, loiopBi saifftnrb, ^íto 4AHan3]r& caxaro ooaiiHaHHaro ^- 
npa Bce-Taoí oe masen Hxní nnine npexJiaraeBffaFo npecBin^eB* 
nun esponeliteHi fesoiMBiaBsaFO BTopaceHifl bi HHOBipqecBÍff 
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mecno Myeya&iiaHCKHzrK xacci exBa je npeBocxown^ HenporMx*- 
■yn levHory, b% xcm^eB x<^ cerb sopi CEcreMan^ecKH yxepmE- 
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118 

BftTB. Ohi nycTHJics vh nyis » voMKSMh soo^oroirb niTeBepoHi, 
nox% oxpaHoi cjjnaHoaro ^Hpvua, oBasaBinaroea coBepmemo 

HOXJHfiBHir&, T.-e. CBOfiOXHHMb OTB WtmmtVBUTb ttEOlUOB^ 20- 
TOpUMH DpHHSiTO M BOCTOB& JHB^TOSaSB CKIJ moeif% H XmyneH- 

TOBi, BiiAMaemm nporiBi sejuaúi. Csattia Bce.nuo xopomo 
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xaroiieTaHCBOtt CBanuaůy a tyn OBaaaiea HaciQiBBO ÓevcMisEim, 
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I3«MX^IAKI IWWMM. 119 

vmoBywmjKO irauusraiis, ,9^pa5y6a, cte iipHBasafliéirb oBasaiB 
McaeffntiH npiJiiuoe rocreiipÍHMC!rBO. MosaxE Ky^pH, BoropHe 
n cpujaocn 6um tmmwboěm BiaraHVMiai nmcrpo^)!!, cxftujni 
T^li M6 BOSMiMBBae, ^Rotiii soffpann xíjo, ■ saccaBHjra zhii^hb- 
Mn BosBparaTB <S6juiyK> laczE xotew; Ha otipaiHoiťB nyrn 
waaigptiinim Bee^i BCipimxE npnArunOi « n Áyxsaii npesBÍe 
aeflotipoaBeittTejnr, yoBOiOBBiiiieca HMwn CBom t^fobii» x^- 
moen^ xase BpexxMuv Pon^y xenBra. 

Heoforpa sa Hwpianiii TeeieHiuoraiiĚ tokb nsnr h nora- 

■esBO yae oůptéemaasírb ueujuipowh nu oneiORE a^^pasaHCBOKy 
iňmficaj^ ny re m eciMe Poji&^ kb Kyýpy ocraeica ipesBuvaflBo 
nfatHUM ' ii BUHMtm^ Bi jratqpasypy GaxapH* fiapni yffuocB cna- 
am; raeiixoBafffc ofiiHipHHS piďk^Hi nycniHH, snciiii en^ HesH* 
iaHHHĚ, H peqrAimTH ototo ucjJbxoMBÍfl saiiBcaHH pyBOD oiiht- 
■aro HsUJiKMWTuai xoiopoiiy bo Bcewtj vto sacaeica ^^i^BTORb, 

OMaBiMnBiinK& n xapavrepon mtoihhbob^i kotc^hmh uu 
Boero 6ojite nojw30BajHCB npn eacroai^eft paóorit, oecrapaeiicfl 
ipsTBO crpy]iimpeBai& rjanrae bhboxh HoaUsHrB mcAffmMiíí 



ycraBOBHBmeecfl npexcraKieHíe o&b Caxapi, aan o nec«iaHOft 
paBHBsft, (ifiBani sorxa-ro xBOirs Mopa, a, noauuiyt, h bhobb cno- 
oaŮBQŘ npespanmca b^ Mope, TeeepB onpoBepniyio eoBei»neHso. 
Gaiapa ae (kua ffOMs ■apen»& ci !!&[>& xaBBarB reojiome- 
€nn& 9im»y aoiia aoaepiBBJOCb noxanie Boero Marepasa; a bbmb 
9UK^ €6 aexofi aeiMa^ Tm% vtoa oaa aea jmaan r(q[Ki8X0 uime 
Mpeaofo ypoBBa* BafaTO BeeOoepmot, oxBOotfpaaaoft necHaaot 
BšKaocaa, «a poqrnmift aacaikj^BaaiĚ raaaajca otchb necrpntt 
paaM^ft, xvonnacjeBua ajara cb B^MmoutKa a rpax^Ma, a b^b 
9«n ajsasax^ aoryve ropoHe ■accaas, DpaneirB npoMesyTO^- 
aw BonoBvmy yniy(Sjeaia aia oraecareiBaHa noHaseHk iricr- 
moem paay^kiaxyn ajormaD aa ateonaa xobojuo pš^u) paa- 
oéMcrel^ a an aoero ei ]q)oeTpa&CTBa Boapuro 
aa tiosiie «kwI xeaafaft ^aenr. B<Mm)uaa aojioca eroro 
npamiaaioaiaa b» aueeMiiy tepery Hajia, H^tona 
•iaBÍloMA ayeraiBB) a cy^ecrseBao oraa^aeTea otb 
Gaxi|i0, Gocia&ua, BapoTOm, oxho vfciee cb aea). 
A^ascdl aoemraol wera, a ae KBdaaaxBOi, savB noja- 
BBCMarii n]Hntanio BaBaaaia ^leaaoxaoft BycniBa. 




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120 

GaMHe pasM ipu Cazapu ouMneB Ha i(&iyx> ipei;b xraune npes- 
HBxi Faxaxe»Bux% paBirtpoBi> xmi ■ xo 001% ik^ h»bm es 
rpaHiDtai rxi nycmu ncKmoeaBO n^pezoffRB 9% upe^f ociaeiea 
se s8CJiix<>BasHal aa Ůt^MhmeA laeia npoiaastti, b lO^Hoe ůBfe- 
xbAeme opocrpáBosBa Boe emfi semnxmM. IIpséauaTejuie, 
MosHOy oxBaso, cnsarfc, 110 Cam^ aaawaan obdio maepioft 
UCTI nofi^xHOcn acero Maiepasa^ T.*e* HeaiBoro <kKrte 166,000 
RB^. MHiB ^híckojbbo ÓojAe 8«000,000 asr Bepcn). Has aioro 
ETora (nzůfMTh vu^nh necsH mme m/kmu okom 900,000 u. Bepcn; 
BXBoe (Jáibmee npocf paDono aasiio apasam a eaaiwmwa icae- 
caMB; csmuá m lUMÍmmib x^ 1360,000 mb. lepen; aaaoRb hb&- 
otin^e Boax&jiaBHoA aeMaa ao 180,000 bb« Bepon; a saciun, sa 
BpocrpaBcrai obom 4^00,000 bb. b^mt^ pasenuMncii xb§ rac- 
HOXOTBjWHÚa ^^MH nycTHBH: zaMaffi B eqiapi. XanaxaMB hb- 
SHBBiorb tfesBOXBiia BaiieBaeraa iuocbboth, Bnammiaiomiaca bo- 
CJ^XOBaTejttHuaiB, 6ojAe bjb m6b^ BpyfHMB ycrjrDaMB, e% yre* 
CBCTiiMB rpflAaifB B OTA^JibHiiMB cBajiaMB 110 BpaBM%; cepap^— 
caMafl oxBoofipaaHaa mn Bébx% ^pBi nycriiBs: OTBUBýeBaHHaa 
F&BaiiB raiBBa. 

O^Bieny qrpoMBy BneiatJi&dio uhubš GOOttiicnyDn b oépa- 
o^eHHiie Kh Caxapib nsHue, oÓnaBieHBiie cbjobh Auaca, ptaso 
OTjBqaK)ii^íecfl otb jiícbctiixi c&sepHHX^ spasel, a laBse npa^- 
Haa B 6ezB0KBU ropaaa rpaxa no ly cropoHy xoibbh Hbjb, bxojib 
6epera Kpacsaro xopa. 

rjaBBHtt ropHHft MaecHBi acet Caxapa, Bjam Tyapen, n- 
crtxoBBBBoe j9(nBepM, noapinaerb cbobiib yovyBanB a pasBitaie- 
BiaMB rpoMBwya) ^bctb nycraBB m% b^ on AjiBUipa. 3to eiuouib 
wpHHt oee^aBBKB, paaeianitlcfl box^ npaBnum yrjuufB, paciep- 

MHBHtt, XaOTBWeBB HarpOifO«j|BBHHt, yC&BUBfi MpmBIB OA- 

jaiiB B cjBBaBMnitea HHai^HBifB cBQBifB ycfyiiaMB ca xpawaft xa- 
BMOtt, Hax^ BOTopot owb DOXBarB« Hai^íoiie Bmoaaa Bam nac- 
oiBB yBiBWBa xBgma BepBiBHaMB*áflB8Baqaui, aoix^He rpa xé- 
caita Wh FOxy BOapuiu caÉrom, x.-^ HecouBteHO xaisan 4Sifrb 
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BjeBÍtt BTOt ropaoi rpyBBii paacTBjaK)9ea xaxaxH, npBnamwMUpB 
Wh xayiTB xpynír^ meHipanaairE ]iac»BaB»: aijurfie BotaflHBaBKB 
Aapi BJB Ac(SeBft, OTBpiimft. Bi^aroa^, tanae MparaBíl b easep* 
moBHO iBimRHiil pacyBTetBBOCTB; a Óoite m Boonaqr nBetca 
rpaxofi ropsai oáucth Tatf aera, xo cbb% oapB Boefio^aflSM oxnm 
To»BO HaxnFaieie&. Ha dbaq^-BoeiaBi, bhcobm b ffesBoaitafl 
XaBaxa-eu-OMpa (iiepBxiaffB TyHBca) cMBHaaen BocaixBÍ& yeryau 
Tyapora C!b TaB&-n8HBaAiiHM b ^lapnoiB ropBBB (MOpvxíaBSb Tps- 



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HKUngimasi ▲•mkk. 121 

mjb), wowpuM ttiím HttteTHH imfi pBHJOHairB, H TjiHjncs, nojCL 
paiHHinf gaiHiamami, napajJMBHO (iepery, ao r« AyASfljru. 9ra 
flsopqpttraai h nocnBOBHO HoaramDmuKa rpoxa mwb&r% orpou- 
nm mMBtijdj BaK&oeoBpoBqisxifQe reofOPBvecKoe ysasurie rpasv, 
wxJMPBtei lOBBHiiieBBoe nMTO GaxapEi im nojoai nycmoH, 
éanndl xmw^^m n^ean. dra nojiMa h hmcth rpajiu ^pessii- 
všBO (toniH MamaiMcraMB Mopeonixi WMMKniHi%, Torjta aurb 
oa BeeMs oesaiuKMn opocrpaBCTB^ Gaxa^ 6umu xo caxi nairb 
fluafluiii KBiouvaibBo oBaiira^oeni npteHOBaxraaf osepotta 
m p^ifiiu. XeMp^ spoesiMmefdo xtaBxy t»fofl rpajioft h sajimioifi 
BoiuiKril Capn. noiuie muDe yponu im^, on aoroparo h ot- 
Amcíbo aesaauRU&minb iipi^itpe»MiiM% yciynoM^ ntopiit xa- 
aefitt xo xej&XB Hua h f^oemtmen vtoAoAvmA Bmma b% Rb- 
femtíkxaiĚ% BJiaia. Ho ot'e yrxa R Capera s& Huy a^erb sa 
nmsR ycrynom nojioea oasoi^ (Ciya, (ímmiŘ lOaatepa AmfOBa 
B Mp.\ xoTopiie Jieau»% bbbi^ Mopeaoro ypoBBa. Gep^esm oóeyat- 
il^aaca opoesrb coexflBeBÍa gl vopem oiPM)t lOibKO motb nycTtiflB: 
BttSMUBoro DpoeqMtBcna IHon bi^ A;isBpb, npQTBV& yria Fa* 
feecaaro sanaa; b oeymeezajeHie 8T0fo npoeBia ^BTBqeeaB bm- 
liosBO, tasí^ tšxh III0S& aÓcojSTHa sose xopcaoro ypoena aa 
29 Mffíp&n. Ho paeiow BorpefiaaaiflCii 6ii orpcMiBue, a nojBea 
Momm% BOJiyiBTbei eionoBoif^ HBircNBHaa. Apy^ Qpowrb, o aa- 
BOffBeHÍfl eCnmpHaro opacrpascTBa an-Asyi|^ (Dym^ nyCTHea) m> 
aaiOWBol ^aera Casapii^ ooBosaBta na omamní x^vhiuli; Tarb 
sMBi ara Mieiflaen, ion a >o<$pa^«rb BorjontBy bjb BnaxBHy, 
HO Bce^OBB Ba 100 BJfl JL50 Me»poB% BBme yposBa oaeaHa. 

IlyeiHBa Boerxa opoBSBOKan aa woafaa rjry<k>aoe Bue^aué- 
flie. Bh wmjij acoft IsňnpejiftnBociB, crpaniiioi taioami b ok^t- 
OEBÚi jnuBB^ owh ByfiCffayen eefia naf^aBOHiíft, 6eaBOiioipBHM% b 
BBmofliLiiiiia; bo a% srom ooraasia sepaBeacTBa cbji obi bb- 
iOiHPii> JI fl€so«HB% o6oApeBÍa b ptaaniociB. G^aacnia no jiBiQr 
mfenam ^njtaajOTh wioBbBa etpMtoBair^ nacio yi^KMiam. IIpeo6- 
■awawBÚft wowh Heofioapavan) npoe^^^aBcraa mvA utíMumá, aaseira- 
9ÍfmĚ mam úfpaĚ^ ooreHy im Bfatpa Beawy sMocan netmma 
no]^ a vňcA CMMkmswb tfyp^ va ím^ánfomue gm oab nfbmaa 
BMan VB aoBjQrzš. Ba éojUBBBerob cjyaaeBi, BJ^iepiB 
€m eomieita b n sasaiOBca csaxam, Ba^a(»iBafl 
Mi.im^^aaBm»A mwbBBt noapoBi* B« ropoxaxftf xoiia, eaxs, 
BBMMBH B M>AH Ba8& (Sk QspaBiiBB pasBniB xíaaBB ojiBoro 
BMfi^BMuan VBira^ liaob fioxiie, hto apiíi eaiferb norjmqaen 
JM^'«PMPB^ B eavee Bofio BMoe bo BaoBeiea MUffauwhj a, «^*- 
mttKfmmjríiéMM»u,nm%^ m mmofi spoxcraBuesca áhjH»[% oaiBOirb. 



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122 nvanwBomi,. 

mvh H saxyinaen. rpoMaxHBfl npocTpaBCTBt nyenimi Buton, 

OXHUOSey npB H^^JHUtílBBHXb yCJKWUn Mffttít BBKh M UQptMUXn 

upMnuu% H cy|M»siiMi Bejnram»v mKs san f^eiift Beeiusia 
<MPUt ■» rbvh nop<WB, sovoptui bc^to im|8 Berpt^aviea bi Oi- 
xapi, fl owb BB Beo6o8pBicHa iqK)eTpafl(ďBB iMcnuMitB bd iuo- 
CBBM^b yciyflaaeb xbíiu^ b rpoiiotxBica oBi^qmiByB^ Bscoiy x*" 

BBMB, XBOTBieCBBMB CSftlttar. OdlMOOl WBBX& CBBn BJS TlSáH 
BgBeCTBBBBy TfWb-BÍftSSIBaeMIli ZapUU^ nOBpBBBSTB BUip OBl B 

HOJioeu flycTiíw, no nmopsaa nyrh Bcero icy weibB^ xu sep^ 
(Sj[k>aobi, b flepíxBo BOBMOseKb TOOBO no xHy rpoimBim wat- 
ffiBUTb BSUĚOwn. Jíjk mrb 0BBaiiBBB)xeB bbotab aaB&ieHBBMB, ma 
9X0 BSBy^iesBOMy KapM^y npBxoxBTca BXfB aasajc^, BafiapancB 
m vpyw B OTucKBBan bobub syifl. Esmůmíb xbkíb b nopaB«- 
xejibBfiia npiBBH nyeniu, Boneuo, npeffecaBxaen vh sanaffBoft 
wexB, vh p9AoBÍ wfmuvh mbccbsobi Tyapen b ÁBpSt ^J^ ^^P' 
Bsfl necnaBBBi rocnoxci^fen iH)m BCBaB^meABO. ^em Mpttv- 
BiiB TŠBB xo BSjito»oft CTeoeBB BorjouiiaBrrcfl coibmbux^l b orpa- 
jaeflHiiiťb CBJbroMi b wojLeůtmewh Boaxyza; ho bpb sasart ^^mse 
yrecH BBerBeBHO BacrynaBm aa npospaiBOMi Be6t b nopoi ra* 
pan KaB'B pacBaxeBBne yroiu. H eseu XBom (ttieoraatoe Batib 
CaxapH Be nošen 6ím BasBaso apespacniiM^ to houb) obo 
Hax^b Beft paaeiBiaeicfl Bs BeepaBseBBoi mpacork KapaBana Boero 
oxoTHie BHcrynaixn Gh upasaja bmobbo boub), ci BOezoxom 
jyHu;— B vb xoine ^aeu laBoro Bo^noro cfpancTBÍB, npamaa 
saiieHBaa nycriiBa Bnonš OBiax^B^en j^m&A Beioatea^ dob^ 
paen &x> eaoett BeofiuTsocruo, (SencojiBiem, dpannuzm orcyr- 
CTBÍeMi sayBa, iipauot t^buo rapesun rpoMax%, BMBieterBom 
jyBBaro ocbíbvibíb, Bdai^iOMHM^b vh mbutl niBpoiax'^ b w^w ne* 
Bie 9BcroB% smxfxi. BooÓnie CBÉione B^^^^esni 6uBaByn vh ny* 
eniB']^ nopasBfMBHu, oooteBBo ytpaif&» b eoqe tfojfte npB sasairfc 
coifli^a, Borxa Boaum Bxpyn ciaBOBnca bbvl^to crpaHBO npo* 
apaBflurB b wA npC(XiieiB--*B uňmfij spa«m aeMB^ naawoBBDK 
poB|:&— oxpasaion xoi^a»o(ie jijib coMbin Beotemun^ ttfqrBH 
iquiB BpaouMfB. Pan^ raa(9Bn, no b» Bcfcz% ropaxaB^s la- 
Bte OffB BBx&n, caiEidl speapacHnl — Bescaia, vb nv^ npaapaB- 
Bomi BoiniefiBcía bbx'&, b% saBOVB OB!aBpaxczaBjEfleTea«cyaoio 
nycB, 00 CTopoBH AyxBuuH. EoietfaBie ao^xyn DpuKMHBicaen 
ropBBOHn BacTonaOi ^ro ropox^ OTBpiiBaefCB vh c<q[>0Ba Bepeimxa, 
upaieM wA ero pasvipa yxJUBOBii wh Bepxy, b bb arot o(hiaB- 
UBoB nepcnenBBft nyrsanb BBXBn ooJdnBsenno 6^mM cfiasi, 
wma^jw 9ueBh naibm^ BSBapen, syson BaroiBMeBOft qepxra^ 



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nypb coienaro aaepa h iBsyph Mops, a HaropHsoHTi ropu Es- 

praei. Bi^ caMol bociovhoI ^acni nyciHHH, vh wvh-utauBBeuowh^ 

JiBÍlaem BSBeeřHaKOBOirE o jaro, xeiUQr HaioiirB h oasaHH Ya, 

ji&«wa spexcraBuien tj eeo6eHHOCib, iso seex^, r^b ea ycrynii 

ne noqpafs noiHBímHot iiaciinbv, — cioem neeKy, rauiu!, apeiisa 

ui tímh erpaHBiaiH BSBeerBasoBiiioi mapanff, cm apnuiHa xo 

ctaeHH B» xiaMerpi, soropue apa6ii HamBakras <$ari9, jmncm, 

— rpoiaupme nucm lUBecTHisa, ebpiie, aawxa posoBaiiie e ^o- 

mrnae onianpoBaBii jery^ran necsax^ xo TBepxocm creua h no^ 

fĚoaexkEO apio orpasaion co^rae^nrae Jiyv. Hanpoian, wprat 

oeeiaHBKE aceco ^aioe TaB'B noffoieHi xitterBÍem eojrai^a Bjiara^ 

wi ero BOMpsHOCTB tfojEBme BOAaeica nox^ aoroti BesaiB caott necay. 

Bootk^e, ycryiiii xaMax^s p^xao noAsaHaaifca cpasy oxmrb Hax> xpy- 

mťb. Ilai^n acerxa air^ sa hícbojiuo aepcn, npexmecTByen uosieh 

andbuBHXL Biícen, aoiopBxi ^pMa a BByrpesnee crpoesie aecoM- 

atoHO xpaaBsmuony ^rre ohí Biaorxa eocraaiajui qxho q^Jdie ci 

yetynom, a len^b aaiaDiea aasi 6h TBepXHurB ocioBOM«b T&ja, boto- 

para Marmía lacis BOffBepraaeB pa8JH>sejBdi>. Mu aase ysaxan^, hto 

Bpoqecea 9ton paaiojMflifl hjh BUB^TpHBaBia BxAen bi> GuMf/b 

caifoe flupoBoe iipairlfleBie. TenepB hpoctbbcb ob xaaaw^ bib 

aasBBHOft Bycnmeft, npaitaBBRB toibso, otii ynouaByiOirB budzo 

JbsiicBOiCB BweczBaBOBoirB uaTOy vo sa Bcena ero apocrpaE- 

CfBfi (xQ 120,000 KB. Bepcn) ae BcrptnaeiGa hb oxaoro xepéaiia, 

BB BiuAlmaro py%tea bjb Bonoeiia b% oojA^ b xasa vk aeia- 

BOiiteflHxi crajarxBioBaxB neiQepax^ sin lenepB bb oxooft sania 

lOXH. 

fyjtu, eauafl pacBpocrpaBeaBaa ^pMa nycruBa, eepap^, 
x.-e« HeoCSoapBiuia npocrpaaoiBa nejBol rajiuBy BaiBiBB(ril otb 
igpoBBBH xo rpeipniro opéxa, npexfiiaajaen apafaee aupaserae 
tjpMiípasia, flyesoTH a ox^iiCTBia aunaB. Ha Bee»B ix^bbobtí 
faan impoo mmprh Majlimaro opexHera, aa aaxopiwB 6u uon 
acraaoBBSBcai a TocajiBBoe HyBerae pasBBBaerca sx^b Bcero cbib- 
~ loca igreniBB bb 360 Bepcn Biapa- 

Ky^yX o BOfopoft Poil^^cb aaajb'- 
Eierea aa aapraKB akxuwb mí»ctomb, 
BBie&HO BEWFO B Baaritairaie ypoaaa 
MX0B|B» BHerpyififlEfOB^ TaaoBase 
}ry Wh Sy#B, kb míotboctb yax- 

bsB ^acTflXB nyeruBB, noapuBaa 6oJiie 

ascraa, aoiiopuB cb bbcobbxi tovmi 

naTBanB aa Óoa^ie lesBairB ^ai 



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124 

zaiiaffB H eepttpft. M^bcraicK aecwns novnTBepxa, ae naxaeiefl 
iiexi florol H pMcnjaeicfl nownaai BoiHam; ho ÓÓMhmen imt&k> 
iiaccH ucíittiiiaro cpnyivo necsjr o6paty»n mnusi koini, ud 

lUnOpUWb WJTh WMB9MM piXH rpOllAAHHX% XKNQ. Tttoe Mope 

eciB I n Jlnilcioi i^cnui; bo n ocotfwBooni aHansno npo* 
crpraeiBO) bmuwbmm Apen (no apatev, ein sus), Dpnm- 
Bttuqee Bia tammpaawh BJMéBíflm ^prai^H, rjrb avhh usem- 
nsovh caHaFO nopasBieiuaro pasHRÚr* IlecBi aacanavn vfter* 
Bocib DoeieneHHo. CHauja, eoie b& ateiojaM nepraonaz^ Bom- 
xanrei oix&naiie paxB ffMBTb; iioiov& obb Bcrpteamca laaie, 
apH^iex^ n xojHBazm imuy hhbb eo^e bbxéba BaBOBb bjb, BaB& 
m Auapšy n Tanr-HaaoBaeBOWB petit deserty pacvnuraocn; 
BasoBeJVb, saBOciiai b tn wibbh b yse mof^ spyrovL saiero 
fle BHXBO, Bpoidb necBj. fiftmsiTayTeA rjumBiiKS otipasovs nosa- 
BpaBjefljfi) rocnoxeTByB)oiBx% BfapoBi, on d^Bepo^aasa^a w% vro^ 
BociOBy; npaiem rpefioas bx% BBB<»fft bo 6iiBaen ropBaostan- 
BHMi, a Bearxa bojibbcihí, » MarsBBB BOSBBinKBiaMB %epe» sq^ 
cry B (íojfte. Objumetb, npeBxynvaeimBBO ofSpaqeHBiiB wk Btepgr, 
ABttaerb y boxobibsi xoboaho nojorifi, bovovk noereoBHBO tamo- 
BBica Bco q)y^e b n rpeúni opisaHi^ BavbBoaunn; a npomo- 
nojuu&BHt ojMi Bcero nsa^ lan spyn, hio BapasaHti bmiw 
xoyux) 6pe;Qrn b;iox& rpe6Ba, se Baxowi Mftem, i^ te bobbo 
GoycnRiíCfl. O^eBk ucro xvbh BBton bbxi» otxíjbhuxi rop^ 
^>yTiui B^^meti Boiopun BenpBerynaii; a b% bbbx& xonaass 
BCTpittSTCfl pflAB oetpHxrb Boayoo8& BJifl BaeiOfln(Bz% BTA* Haorxa, 
nocii yroBBxejbBaro noA^BeMa HaxK>Hy, Bxpyn oTBpuBaerca BOffs 
HOFaBB Hywmm^Baa spyras aoposBa bi cto b tiorte MtrpoBi rjy* 
(SbboA^ ch ^i^EMm BaiceBflinrb Koomm^ xo laBOl comen yms- 
canavM , ^ra xaiva ^^iieniaiBBB*Bcp&nwi a petavi mniannNuotea 
on Bpaa tfeaxBs. PasM^lpii xhxbi ^pasau^ftBO paaiBiBW puwn 
eb MaiOHunn BoayeoB^ wh xaa-TpB mfpa BoimmiaBnea Bacses- 
mÍM ropu B% CIO B Óěsáe nerpom bhoboi b xp baib Bopcn bs 
oBpymDOcni. PascaasH o xnaaxi b^ nici^y aeipovB oc»OBaBii aa 
MBpasib B Ha HJijnpaiflyB jtynsaro ocBiqeaii, spa BoiopOB^ b jnoip, 
B BeptfjnoxH aasyíCB orpoionuíB; aa xttetBBWibBO BcrpšwBnca 
SDHH B% tpacnt neipoBK, ot^aaoBassiifloa sa hboobbx^ yracaxft; 
a aaifanb ucHHnevBBB xnm Bt (SiiBawnBiiBie 100— 150a»- 
poBi. XaocL Bb neciaMBft ii(^ iiaol, bvo lonao ornnsiit ■ 
«iyTBÍfi Kb MajiloiBB!B npHBÍTaBi rjaffB apa6a MoserB b^ Bowa 
HO oostpinea h eoxptBBn BaspaBiceie. Ďoi^BttBocn jery^aro 
neesy imsa Beyuoa, no ff«e apa ykipeaH(»» atrpi cjtiM^nyt- 
EHBa stMiMTca aa BtcBOjaao aaHyn, b uosso aňn^h sa rtva. 



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M8<aiffHmni MĚnam. 125 

cm BttnB'b-TQ oeo0H3n Bjiniff, fiouaiui neeneiu ropu eoxpt- 

CttnattSH, eojOTBS cnepa h bojioippí, wamjie cojioHMaTyio 
BQH^y napt i MM Oi M lUM i Mi* MÍCTBOonrB CaiftpH* Ecn Tasse 




Ue&BĚ Gaxa|iti ufwjwn pmoseiia nemunn, oMcm toto* 
pna qMoteffuoTB ke cípoeni ea xqm. Boo(tev mcohhírbo^ 
no Ktt ion npoqeen oéMseaui nmponyOiifl^ noxBeprjiac& 
K BCMiffištaria sBon: oípaBOBtne bcíxb BTopoei6De^[iix'E Hépos- 
venÉ OT flonpoaiocTv, ondbcHOÉ ^pgru CEmuHiDrB yorynovL h 

OUfaMWPfc BBCOI%, BMOa ZapaBO^ paSpHTÍe FpOVaXHÍIZ^B Bii* 

man H Bee^eninn paK^koBs, na soiopHU npnerai pacn"- 
icuaociB ■, uiMWťmi| nocMMnoe pacmapoM caMKXB opexb* 
Hyemm— aÓycjoaieaH acxnowreiiaBO iieieopoxoni^ecBiiar 
xttcniem sapa h xojoflat Birpa h mah. Jlyw eomnf^ 
uara s sovRie xouNixa paepnuHKiny paoiaiBBaKn a xpoman 
BttieBa; sšaBjjfk paesocHra^ fpo6jB^ m iiijnýy6Ti aro nacnoiB^ 
Jltfc r ay a am na ace BorpAmamteeca^ nocreiiiBao npeapaoMui aa^ 
•aaars, saeiniaa cayxfacnaie pyna a ryfia pacTBTOjaBoeaa; 
Bocrt crpansan jiaBsett noeiaiieHflo oÓpasyKyn 
la aHSoaHB, mapoaxi xcjduk b ffuma pasBOCsn rpo- 
atfiOKBB caaarE. ^se lOMpb paqiyanneJKBoe xMerBÍe 
WĚVk mfírtomssBb nopaasaesK; h ,j!l(aHBepae, BaspavAp^ rag(iur& sa- 
mi B aeraoi 1861—63 ^off^ n pdKoii naaio Ty^wa, Dt^jma 
ropu a caaiB vb raenj a ůojúe Kf6wwaass% weetpowh^ 
10— *16 aepcn. MeoBQr rtm flayrao xoaaaaa- 
am faBSBT OBBXÍiaaMrqno») aro xsse ai acrqaiueaia BpeKdaa 
aasara CaxapH <k»& ropaqto ÓMŠe aaaseHs, aeseia lenepi*, 
a, emo (ím^ paspyanneiBBoa xitnaie boak WJana (hijo npo- 
ooRKs cshiBí^ ae roaopa yaie a Baspaamía aroro lisŘemsL 
III fiBMiilHiíii b:^ Bunb raaaenneoaífl aooxa. Taaaai se o6pa- 
8QB» B opsasB^ CBBpfalOTByaN^ie a iBnq» c% eipaaHoB cajoff, 
BaoMHteao teia ao^e ryÓaieaBaie; a, aratnao, tojuo 
Boaien (fiKi& oftMcaeaa, Baopmrihp^^ Bua^aaa 
Bi*' BBBacTBaaft yrecoRs Bit bbxíi rpysia, oociaB- 
aoBi^Nn Wh Bepxy* O aaopeseBÍa aiearpane- 
aaieait aBxlffeiiCTaya)n i^oHeaua orpiiu, aariqraiiB 6ys-* 
yofaBu BnqpOBifl noxoeii ByctBu. 
k-fsacaasaBi^ o Taaacb BJbcraocraxs OaxapH^ i^ xosxei 
^sa.teBaerbi P(aB4K^ coBfcryen oraocflTBca » oeropos- 




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126 iwnunnroHB. 







HOCT&i). Bo bcAte noGŠiqeHHiirE hm oímutki spoicfe Ky^RB^ <Ha 
rax'in m nocfpotBan nciBranse cjAkh cuwíix% xosx^ • Tot- 
BHfl HaÓjnoxeiiífl xoBaaHBairrs, ifo lOjrawerBO mn k BoeKyxi 
Bi Caxapft 6ojiBme, ^m, Haiipiiiftp%, m repxams Brn Mmíay 
Bee^Bie h oceHHíe xtontn; ho BcrtjicrBie BBcraoft tenoaparypii 
oeasxeme na{KNn craHOumx BesMOBHam jihok ojih hoxmkš 
Ha o^eHB ÓojbmyH) Bucory, ^to h noxrBepswercji bb pAxBars 
otfpasoBaHÍam OBOJO jyHMuxii HOjei|& x joauiix'^ jyH%. npH xneB- 
HHrB soieéaHini TeimepaTypEi b% 15 — 20^^ h »Mň Mfi 40^, 
cfb fleptjpnrai ciyvasmi noposa b& anraie iribes^ nao^HÁe Bjan 
(jio 76%) BBBBBaen ^mcnui h cumuh poes h atipaBOBame 
nepHcmrE B aomaweh o6msobb, soropHB yipraft ■ Miqpon 
vaoro Ha6juwix)TCji m caxi^cBom me&b. fi% o0H^e«& BKaoi^b, v& 
BBicBie iribcBivi ÓEiBaen do HŽcsoniy wswi; ho mKrnaašaesm 
XBa ^ma: BO-nqmEnrB, nro eiyuKTca roffi <Se8w»ff»K, a n 
BHHxi xicfHoennBft h no XHory jAk qn^qr ne BSHawen mi 
oxHOl BaniH xosff; h^ BO-BH^nixi, iro xexi xptcora naonrh 
XOíHHi H (SnFDOoctOBHie hx% HacBJíemg bbojbí saBican on 
otejiia xosxelty oxHmxo bs nnixi MicToocmn wk xoswjn ho 
(Nqynuoon iRxrpe5H0Qní h ^ase onaesKrni hxb, lax^ UMb ohh 
pasMHBaxn^B coioHiv^Banix MasaHn m BpefMn Bajmranora Haeas- 
xeHÍHii%. fllbjĚO B% TOirb, iro kb oaaaxs h BooÓa^e bo MBonon 
HtoHOcms nonoBHiia boxh xepsarai Ba oiohe BOÓoiuMt 
TiyÓwaňi^ nwb lao xopHH oaxBx% noiyniyn hb» no^mi mcm 
TpetiyDHQwcfl BB!B BMTy; v xase laBi^ rxb btoto atn, b 
BOxy xu DonBBB BpHxoxBTca xo6hbb» hw rjy(k>aH]:% Bomffiesf&t 
xoswnn^ Bce-TaiB ho BpBxaHxrb mfam, nofoxy nro c;rf9aiB0 «b- 
naanritt xoasx^ bhwto ho yeniBaen jtfnh hovbíi h spexm jBomon 
B DJiQxaBS BBiuai, BCiixcfBÍe UFO apatisi noiBMByi) bo^ saBB- 
Bav^n sBBBTenBoS, a xoxx6ByK> Bepnot. 3artM% JPoju^^ som- 
BURUBBO yTBq^sxien, ^no Bteoropiui anqhi, faBapBa b xpjvisL 
pacresia Boryn cyvíficrBO&BLUb b pociyn xopomo bb Tasix% 
MtcTHOcraxs, Tf/b noneBBHB boxh BexpcrHauucs xia bxb BOpB^, 
B VKb no mmnwb roxaKB bb 6iiiBaerB xo»ui. Obb crasHission 
^avTB BB^ BcsBaro cobbíhíb b oteacnen ero chobo^boobb) 
.iflcrBeffB BDBTBBaTB FB cetffl B BopepatioTSBaiB a»oc^piy» uaiy, 
H^iy, <iiTB MOserB, cBOCo6cTByiorB laennpi ooui BaBittenuHa 

JXCTBflrB BTBXl paC16HÍft E Vb OOOfeHBOCTB Ba JBCIBBXB l«Ka- 

pBca, Boerxa noRpiinix^ ciookb cojhi. Bb BOxrBepftxraie btoto 
^Misra VojLhijfCi ccHxaeica Ba npo^^ccoopa dpraa, BOiopHi sa- 
mejTB vh EapaKacb xepoBO PiteoolobiBm Samam, BOBTiiBanniee 
amoo^pflyi) Biaiy c% Tasoft BB^^ňefi, vso bow eipjarcB no ero 



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ffdOfftxoBiHUiifřnui. 127 

cnoyiy ■ nmjien xoJuaic& Cft uerhen. Tot sé cnůeo6noénM 
oCiajw^n, np cianairB Pooaj^ca, m xeom soBoraBii Caxapii, 
loiopoa x^»xftfefl lan^B, . rxft BovBemaji BOj^a HexocryiiHa h vjsib 
loian oe oaxnen ;ioaua. Ilpn oÓhahoitb noxHoauioinb Bopirk, 
Befidix>Aii TO ByKj(aK)Tefl bi boaí; a rxi oacrfeii^é csy^tHo, ohh 
ptexQXjnea xanso no iqrcniiHé, (Sen Bcnaro saxacpa, pasi vh 
]ikn(!fc czoxflicfl XX BCwcnHW), h, HaoHBmKb, onan ysoAsm sa 
xeecm Bepcn. Bpmš powasoBrb, MioxqeB% h pyvEeB!^ 6iry* 
flpDTL B& rjyÓHHi BHHXB Mii|KHi) Haceiexie nojuyeies eo^e 
iMoi »<& ipciepHx UH wojípmĚQVhy wompue oÓftufmesL m esa- 
laawa iraieparb, BexoerynHoxi caioenmiy ay^y. Eíinifl Wk 
nxs eaciepffb i^oiiaffui^ ae ocxyjiibMMm snorxa, v Boxa bi 

BjBMenx) noueniixi box^ rxaBHinnb odpaBom h odycio^ 
liBBaemi BaBBBBsoBeHÍe oaaovB, loss MBorie obbh cyn^ecrsynn 
eKĚBctBeam Ójaroxapa KOJOxiVkVB) HHorxa ^pesBUMateo riy6oKinrB. 
Ak> CBTb DOpb 60(6 H6 Bcš oass GaxapH nociqeHH easponeŘn^uEj 
I came GymsecrBOBane hhbz% eii^e toibxo npexoojaraeTCfl. B% 
SytoTt arapmipr^ xo 1879 r. Hssoiiy se yxaBajocB npo&BBByYBí, 
1 D|i«xoiaBjeBÍe o Heft tfiuo caxoe cMyxBoe. Osasajacs ipynoa on 
oazH oasoBK, hjhumxb xofojmxs ŮMhme Banp. CaseosiB. IlaiBm 
HieinBBaion lairB xo Muiiraa; noua enjomB luoxopoxHa e 
Bca Bospum pacTRieiEHOGruo; h bi& jDdoirb xteit, xaaee cpexs 
ocaoHHaia, mosbo BOiyHHi!& xopomyv np&CHyD BOxy na tsyÓwA 
OXBoro UH XByx!b xerpoBi. By^^ — oxhhi B9h cůmux^ 6oAmiir& 
oa80Bi» Caxapii; eeib ■ emfi HoAe oÓonipBiie — kan ^ctb h 
Men sajme. Ha espoDeftcaaro nyiemeeiBeBHna oasu HHorxa 
iqM>B8B0txm oco6raHoe BoeianiHie, lais cfaHi^ii HepeieTHHZ% 
masfh^ saiioiisflamipxi poxBsy. IIo saMŠiaBÍi) Pou^, xacxonKB 
^nmxwam Tyri noxMry. 

Too^ttiypa cnwfliHHXi nanxoBuxi poi^ nopaaaTejiBHO er- 
jnaeies on TeMnepaiypu ompysammeft nycnura. TairB coBctirB 
XIffoft Boexyx'B, xojioxHiiift, BiasHnA, i Bova Banoena Bias- 
VKTMO. JlfiJívo ocraBaTBCfl FL BToS T^HH OBacHo; nepeBo«ieBaTB 
waiBJO <Sh sazBopaib saBiipBoe. 0& um bo OBiaÓpB, xopomo 
apweMHHe oasH BJH>xm jBxopaxsB, b BacexeBie btb sEBen 
m 910 Bpau BO BpeHeHBHxi BiaiaBiarB, Ba xoeraitHBOMi 
fMiTOBnln on cbobxb njnoraipfl. HaopoTBBi, BXBMan OTBiNOioft 
eoBq)nie&BO CBotexeBx on sapasHHxi 6oj^teHett. Tyn 
fOXftBO rjasa Bcjixcme apsaro CBiia, biub b Heonpar^ 

i; li fluse zyŮELj xoTopiie nopT»ei on BocioBBBaro yno- 
^^BBOBi. no ^lacTB xepraaui 8y6oB:B, HaxTBrajiB Birk;n 



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128 M OT M lMi ítMfomá. 

s^fa^ orpoMsyK) upuTSBy^ Bci<ixciBÍe ou^Haro BunapanaHviy ^ejio* 
vian TjTb XMK on sapaMeHuné erpawerL, msoih n ÓMie yiii- 
ipeBMQWhf HO RiasHoirb uioffti^ H MascnMUUWi remmejfKypsí Ca- 
xapa, xoTa h xoxoHan xo 45^ — 60^, ho Bce-Tan Hiase, «fai%» 
BzmpjíMibph vb HeBASftót vxh MeconovtiiiH. HuraiHe owasose 
HQiiCHank, 9T0 Bcit Brn TUfiewnMÚĚ vpemtyiaificimi nycrami em^ 
HOBSTca AOcryoBHME lejwl^r Hcmo^HiejuK) Óiaroxapfl oaaaar^ 

^BBareAHoe hm&io aa»Bs — samia, CMqeHBoe xepoBO apa^- 
ÓOBTb/ eXHHcasmoe lyxBfypHOo paeronie nycisíHa. Qho who xj^ 
xaen ee BpraoxwM/ oteiacKott, laa^ineTfc n láHbeTHoS iri^ ea 
pacnpccipaneHie, h BteBOjmn pasBaBatia ai Ttea ciaei xpym» 
HOCBmuMS KyjhTjfsi: aiasavb, HioxaicB h OBOo^am. ^hunnBOBaa 
najiBaa cjysHTE HeJOB^ay bc&mh cbouih vacraiui, n ímf/k 6feBtm%^ 
jsfitovh, njeieeitt seasato pc^ia, BepeaoicL, BHHa; ho, aoneno, Bcero 
Baaurte ea niOAUy ROiopiie b% le^raie atoionania mšcMman a& 
roxy cociaBJUsm exanoiBraHyi) nuiy tiixHiirb, h xifl bcécb, i^yr- 
jiHfi roxB aaisayícfl cyiqecTBeHHUiii noxcnopBemb, savB y nac^ 
Hanp., aapfro^ten. Hasmie copia axyn apoiii Toro vh moffurh 
Bep<{jK)xaii^. B% ropoxax^Bi jaBSH ToproBiieBi ^^HHaaaMa mAmrb 
sHaveaie BanuxE 6yioumrb, a Tam x^fteraaTeiuH) npOiPUDn, 
KpoMi CBiasHXs 4^pyBioB%, Hftvro WL poxi ^^SHaaoBaro xjMa^ 
T.-e. njoxB) npecooBaHHiie vb aopsaHan, bi eirtca ea ujmĚ. 
H^Bň, ^HHaaoKb míňerb vb nycTEivb maoe se sHaieme, aaai y 
HacB i^Hii Ha uň&h: ofo Mt npesxe Bcero ciipaBxaK)mi a no 
oefi cyxfln o qbaazi^ aa Boe oerajsHoe. Bib %BmcaA bhbobhoA 
craTM i|»HHBaB Haton BHavBienHyB) BanHOCTB, z^ora a xmjbhu ůuth 
ofseceHu asb npexMoiairB pocmma; ho Bsyrpa nycraHH on o^ 
Bsa noTpe6BOCT& a bhsímwtb orpoimoe TOproBoe xbhs^o. Bo 
BpeneBH cdopa, Hoiyaoveaaaaa craaMarca oe^xnín; vk oanawa 
0T0BCK);iy cxoxflTca sapaBaHn co cxaTiaiíH npOHftHa: 8epao»9 m- 
cjioinby oajoiTB, booumb. MHoaDoesBO Bepdi^xoBi npaimunon h 
noposHHBOirB. Moa»o caasarB, no ^iHaBa aaeraiB^aa xyoia aceft 
Meyuofl, fijHBmfi aapaBanHOtt ToproBjH a rxaBHHt x^poanral 
npoBÍaHn bc^xi aapasaHOsrB. 

«TpyxHO x9seBOo6pa8BTB,— roBq^rrbHasTHFan, — ^aasynnox- 
Hory xp&ix»q£HHHX% cboSctb!^ a Heeaiii^HHMOft nonoopi ^eMmbvh 
HaxoxarE fb btoitl ^xecaorn xepeaft, epexa eayxaaro idpa ny-* 
czHHH. Oho HaxeaLxa h paxocTB nyTHasa, aoropnft xMtie xhb 
6peji%j BH6BBaflCB h9b cmn no aaMeaBiiirB njarairB a necnsuirB 
Óyrpaiii) a, HasoHeirb^ BHxarb na ropasoHrb aKeianHyn seiraya) 
nojocy paaóSy T.-e. najiMOBOft ponta. ďíaxHO BcaaTpHBaeTCfl owk 
Kb nfiiTh Haxesxu a sasHa a cjí^xht^ a nacxasxe^ieirBy ao*- 



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M^CMfflusu iwmu. 129 

loparo HH ch H&TB HeiBSfl cpaBHHTB, aa liir&y sasi noHeMHory 
9m noiocs pocrerB h saKB ea laciH BtiA^^JflioiCji. Bcsopdt cteho- 
aaa bobmoshiim:b padanaTL usjm^Hua BepmHHu, RoropuA tbxo 

BOie(SlK>TCfl Ha BHCOBHrb CTpO&HHXl CTBOiaXl H Cy^TO npEBÍlT- 

cayvrb jsjTBsaak. Owh jnoůjerat napynn^Hicb HSflii^ecTBOMi Rasxot 
rpymiH e GOo6pasaen, rxi eiiy pasÓHiB lareps, Tasí, ^to6u 
BBOiai BaciaABTBCfl HX*E Tiishjo H RpacoTot. EMy en^e ne BHXHa 
mtwb, soTopafl xmiTCfl no^h spoBoici axot tšhh, e ohi en^e He 
jQqiaerb o ufeACiozmfix% BeiAecTBeHHiix^ diaraxi: bc£ ero ^yB- 
cna B oniyn^eBÍfl norjion^eHH paxocibH) oosepi^aHifl npejecmoff 
i^ipupi oasoRB. ?T0 oasi (Sesi naiBm? yóoroe nacrÓEfiiie — h 
lOAso zBBHTaiBHafl T^Bh 8Tofi saii^ETHHitu cnacaen ero ote 
CMqmi, soTopoft oho oÓpeneHO*. 

Ho crpottHaa naiBMa, cb tí^hectoÍ 6ojii»mejECTBeHHofi BepmE- 

HQi E TULeJIHMfl SflCTSME BpaCHHXB fl^fl SeiTEIXl lUO^OBl, He 

ecTB npo^iyKrb, xhbo ^poB8pacIaK>I^ift vh nycrani, a, HanpoTHBi, 
npoixysn cosxaHHiitt TpyxoiTE HejtoBisa. H BMesHO noroHy, ^to 
naiuia TpetfyerB ipyxa, OBa h ABJífleTCfl i^JiBxypHHiťE AepeBOM'B. 
^isia najiBHii, saHeceBEiui, noBEXHMOMy, h8!b ApaBÍEi xaB'B B']&poflT- 
Bilnief Baftii6ejiH ^EHBBOBofi namuiy Bcip^morca toubo vl . 
BoeioíHofi HacTE Caxapu, xo ^euAaHa; bi Ey^pš, HanpHiiip'B^ 
KKh ropasAO 6oiBnie, BesejE BajiBH'B BOSA^jiaBfliixi. Ofliropasxo 
Hise, TOBBme; jebctbe bsb MejBHe e BCBopi tiesoÓpasHo oÓBEcaiorB 
no CTBOjy; a riaBBoe, oh^ HMÍion CEJBfl']&&niyK> BasjíOBSociB 
pasBfeBUTBca OT^B caMaro KopEa, T.*e. pocrH BycroMi^ h bcji^a- 
cme &Toro otipasyDTB BenpojlasHyK) nan^y. IIjoaobi na bex% 
Maio H npETOiTB BOBce se BxycBHXi, TBJffh Basx MyscBie e ses- 
oúe njAm ^EHEsa pociyrB sa pasHuxi AepeBBflX'B, h xota cjiy- 
vlBoe oiuoxoTBopeflie, cuofi B^ipa^ bo3mosbO| ho ÓÓJtBmeK) 
HaeiBK) OHO ne coBepmaeicfl. 

$flHHBOByK) naaBMy pasBOAflix BocxoHBaME nuLE pocTsaME, ca- 
ua vx% Bx maxMaiBOMx nopaxB^, maraxi fb mecxE, ci TasHiTB 
ftOKHerowhj HTo6u oabo iiyscsoe AepeBo hpexoabjocb na ABa^i^aTB 
geHCEWT^B, xoxa OHO cnocotiHO onJOAOTBopflTB naTBAOcan e A&se 
CIO AiepesBOBi. Toibbo npE pasBOAsi pocrsaME mosho Óiitb yBÍ- 
peBHBiťB, ^nx> nojyHEHiB sejiaeMyH) padHOBBAHOCiB e ne pECsyemB 
10-- 15 j^rB sanpacHO yxasEBaxB sa EsaEmBEM^ BOJEHecxBOHi 
AepeBBeBi. Kpoiii loro, e hjioah nojiy^iaHyrca ropasAO 
d, eB naiaro FOAa. HaaÓoaBBiež npoESBOAflTeaBBOCTE AepeBO 
Vh TpBAAaiE FOAaMi; a SEBerB ao 200 i^tb^ noťxe* 
QMM MqfX&Baa ei* BOBi^a nepsaro B^sa. BumEHa najiBMiii— 
7«-lS chbsbb;^ AÍ&HeTpi> ao OAHoro apmEna, npEYeM'B, bb saBE- 

. T-— CwxaBPi, 1882. 9 

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ftjt. 



130 Btoirsm ibpoiul 

CHMOCTH Wh o0BJiifl opomeHk, fídipeBO MOserB HapociaTB KOJi^HKaicH 
pasjHHHofi TOJuiiHHu UM nocTeiieííHO jTOjnniBmcsL kb Bepxy. Bep- 
niHHa cocTOHn mn 40 — 60 jucneBi, Boropue napociaBDrb BOo6ii(e 
no 12 Bi rox^, xora ne ThKh MareMaTHWCKH no oxHOMy vh mí- 
cfli^'B, saBi jÁ^iúTh apatiH. Sacuxavn^ie jiectu orpfeaioTca. 
Jí,jis[ onjoxoTBopeHÍfl BTiiiKaH)rB no oxHOMy MysCKOicy itBÍTsy bx 
Ras;Q^H) i^BÍfo^HyK) SHcrb na sencBurB jsfiipeBhsxh. Moa&no Tasase 
co6npaTB i^xenb h nepeciiJiafr& ero vh naReiarBi th Heny npH- 
ÓíraioTi Bh cjynai HcrpoÓjenifl MyjscBím x^pefiBesi pasCoSHH- 
HBHMn mafiBaiiH. Ujioxíi nocnÍBaioTi nocrenesnOi lara ^o mosiho 

nOJIBSOBaTBCfl CBÍSHMH HlOXaifl HÍCBOJIBBO M^Cfll^eRb CpSAJ* O^HO 

xepeBO ffijerh on 2 ao 12 nyxoBx. PasHOBHXHOcrett oxiH^aixrbxo 
75, £ Ujioau Ha BZTh 6EiBaB)Trb BpynHHe fb naaeAl n MeJiBiei 
RaKB flroxa niejiiBOBni](ii, Anrapnue, opanseBue^ spacHHe, TOpnue 
H sejenue. H8'b hhxx Miirsie copia cjiysarb x^ xoManiHflro o6m* 
xo2(a; a 6oji%e isepAue n^yn na bubosi. 

Fa^ no^Bennufl boah 6jlh3bo, ^nniisoBafl najbMa xpeÓyerL 
noHonpi TOiOBÍKa tojj^bo ajui onao^OTBopenU; ho rxb npEZOAsrcs 
Ao6HBaTE A^fl nea BOAy h3i> rjy6oEiix'B BOJOAiteBi, paÓOTH ce neff 
AOBOJiEHo, noTOMy HTO BopHflHi ofl HeodxQAHMa CHAHUA BJiara. B% 
HHux'B MÍCTH0CTax'B AjSHpa^ jí,AE san^BTu najiBMOBiix^b nacajKAOBÍfi 
ovh sacMnamfl necBOMi, poioxi^ tfoJBmifl bhombe cb saspasHaMn; 
H najiBMu lani BupocTaiorB HBSBÍfl, tojictoctbouhuj^ cb rpoMU* 
Hofi BepmHHoE. IIjioah bthxi najíBifB npeBocxoAHii, ^to, Boaeuo, 
3aBHCHrB OTB BHCOBoB TeMnepaTypH xaBiixi neconnsixi aicb. 

Bi* o6wfiWb BsiBOA'^? ByiUiTypHoe BHaienie ^hhhboboí najiBMu 
rponaAHO. ToaBBO fijiaroAapa efl, naceienie ApaBiii mopjio cry* 

CTHTBCfl HaCTOJIBBO, HT06£I BUA^JIHTB BO BCÍMX BOHI^aaTB CB^Ta r£ 

nojHBnta, BOiopsífl TaB'B a^^^ko pacnpocipaHHJiH BjaAfiiHecTBO bc- 
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OAHO no3fiOJiBeTrB qejioB'lBy A^psaiBca n crpaHCTBOBaiB bx nycriint. 
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jiocth, nodBouexrB eify ocraBaiBCA na noiOBHHy BO^eBHHBOiťBi h 
noTOMy He sexen ero Biime yMÍpeflHoE cienenH ByiBiypu h nos- 
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BsrjflA&xi H n0Tpe5H0CTflxx. Ha Bcefi HeodijiTHOfl nojoei pacnpo- 
cxpaeeHifl ^HHHBOBOfi najBMM b'b A^phbí h Asíh, mu BBAiurB y 
BC'6x'B njieMeHi rk xe 6£iT0Bue nopBABH n xy se bochocxs vl Be- 
n^ecxBeHHOMx h yMcxBeHHOMi crpoš shshh. «Ehtb MOserB, caMKifi 
ByjiBxi, Boxopufi AO xaBOĚ cxeneHH kb axofi sbshb uoaxoahx^, 
xaB'B 6ucxpo noBopHAx ce6í bch) dxy oÓJiacxB h oahhi b% neft 



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HM^XOBAEUI AtPm. 131 

uj^Tby cosAUoii saxi BupasceHÍe 9Toro OAHOoÓpasifl h Toro npe- 
X&ia, xoTopHfi npflpoAa, ociaerjiHBHBniafl wb crpaHu x&poMi $hhh* 
ssBoft najLMH, Biitorb eBr&ii'BaojiosHja nejOBit^ecsOMy yMy» ^). 



flyreiDecrBeHHBsa) nj^ÚAmaaomfi^vocí ci> c^Bepa, A^pRKa BCTpŠ- 
^aerb spacHBot AOKopaiuefi nopTOBiirb ropoxoBi: (^jsimh sytfna- 
TiíMH ci^HaMHy Mneaperaicif, naniíaMfl h necrpnirB HacejieníeMi, 
flpesxcrafiJiflio^Hiii CMtcB bÁx% pac% on esponefli^a jsjo nerpa. 
^poaop^ifl dTHXx pasHOiLieMeHHfiirB ajeiieHTOBi, soHe^Ho, HeoAH- 
HasoBa B^b Taspepii bjih TeiyaHŠ, npexcTaBiixejiflxi HeoÓo^HTejb- 
sapo H ^^aTH^eeiuiro Mapoaao, h wb ropo^arB Ajsapin hjh 
Emra, h oČcraHOBBa xasae Ofesb pasjíH^aa, CMOtpa noroHy, 
samnaeicfl je fophsohtb hhssihh, otfHazeHHaMH xojMaHH EJia 
jtcMCTiiiíH KpasanH ÁTjaca, nocTeaeHHo BOBHOcaiAHUHca b^ xy* 
xaHByK) CHHeBy; m raasHua ^epru BesA^ ojsjjfb. IlyrB n arot 
cs^OHu BHyrpb apaa npeAcraBjfleTB to orpoMHoe npeHMyn^ecTBo, 
^10 xyrB HeÁOsibsíh pacnoJiaraerB Bi»H)HHuirB a&HBOTH£iH'B, bdojih-ď 
npaenocoÓjeHHUiťb vh uicmRvn» ycJiOBÍfliťB, T.*e. Bep6jK)A0M%. 
BuiHiifl MicTHOCxa npOHSBOAflrs shbothuxi HeoAHHaBOBaro aoctohh* 
osa; fio Booóiqe BepÓiiOAi^ Hecerb 9 — 12 nyxcei h haotb 3 — 4 
BB^eru Bi> Haci»; iipu^eMx obtb HyBCTBirreAH^^e s^ xopomeft íAk" 
MiBwš H jfpónouy pacnojioseHiv BBioBa, HeasejH vb 3 — 4 nyxafifB 
jmHiiro rpysa. TiE(a(rej!BHoe h npoHHoe upHcnocoÓjeHíe bbh)bob% 
noro odier^aerB nyrB h sapaBanerarB norOHn^HKairB, BístfaBjíflfl 
ca OTB B03HH H DO^flHOffB Ha npiiBaji^. Boo6mfiy BepÓiiOA^By npo- 
isexmitt oycTUHio c:b cbsepa, VBÓBen,; BO*nepBHXi| orB HaTyrn, 
a Wh oco6eHHociH otb HeopBBiiqHaro Bjasnaro BJiHMaxa. CnacxH 
ero MOSHO tojbbo, OToraasi HeMex^eHHO noposHBBOHi Ha3aA'B b'b. 
Mjemsao. JÍu>/ui co cpeACTBanH coBepinanyrB nepexoA^B aa joma- 
W^b; ho 810 oveHB Aoporo, Bej^ACXfiie Heo6xoAHMoCTH bosxh BOAy 

l-^paSl. &B HÍBOXOpIIXl 06cX0BXe2BCTBaX'B^ Ha OXHOCEXeilBHO 

v»fmKBX% pascTOBHiax^B, B08M0SH0CXB 6oa^ Óncxparo nepexo^a 
aa joaiaAflxi CTaHOBHxca hovte Bonpoeoirfi shbhe e CMOpTE. Tsbi, 
nmpnMfvpiB) paBCTOflHÍe vh 350 Bepcxi e8'b BaxB^ajE bi» Ryýpy 
Dponiej'B Vh 106 ^acoBi, hae a^hb e hohb. Ohi> roso-* 
9X0, He ECOuraBi^ caMi, ho aoB'lpHj% óu boseoshocxh xasofi: 

H JUOtfOHUTBO, TTO OHB, OHUXflififflifi ESI BC^X^ E8CJI'b- 

GaxapB, HO sHan ao axoro speMOHE, ?xo axy a6co- 
ímaomsfo ABcraHutito nejiBBH npoxoABXB otfHKHOBeHHUtfE 
■ ť ^ : ^ — — 
: :^']te IMtor, Die Dattdpalme. 

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182 noTHHn nfem. 

nepexoAaMH fb 35 — 40 Bepcn, lasi san, bi ujnaík caMyiu^ 
Boxa Bi líj^xaxi nepec^xaen h KapasaHi mÓHen. Bx bhaj aroft 
ciy^afiBOCTH, KpaflHe BasHO hmštb a^a nepeBOssH BOxa MeiajUH- 
HecBíe flii^HBH. 

MaTepiajoiťL x<32 nocrpoevB bi HaceaenHEixi nyHBiaxi ny- 
CTUHH cjLyxBVh Bcero laiqe cojioHi^eBaTafl senu, csptiueHHafl h 
noxnepraa naniioBHirE x^peBOMi. JlfiiĚifji x^fl bthx^b nocrpoesi 
nary6HH« MaccHBHaa i^TaxejB b KHHaperu sa (SíjioB ctíhoB npe- 
xaion 9THMI M^CTe^BaMi MOHyiieHTaAHHfi BHx^y a najbHu ^pea^ 
BUHafiHO Hxi eRpamiBaH^n; n npBBJteKaxejiBHafl sapiHea xonoi- 
flflercfl rpynnaMB pe(SiTHmeB%, Brpaion^HXi sa ropoxcsBHH Bopo- 
laiin vh BoeHHHfl srpu, um% b t. n. Bsyrpn bib Micre^BB 
onpjiTBii, xaRi xaKi yjHHBHa BeHBcroTU b RyxOBfliie ociaTSB rii^a- 
Teneo co($BpaK>TCfl vh BopsBBii b otbobatcíi Ba ocjiax'B vb caxH, 
XJia yxo6peBÍfl noHBH. Bi RyB£ (Bopay) HaxTarajiB 6ujn> nopa- 
seBi OBpflTBOCTBK) BOBiomefli, Wh Boxopuxx BocnBTOBaercA npe- 
BOCxoxBafl nopoxa loniaxefi, b tojibobuhi pacnopaxaoiíi aa fiasapš, 
soTopiifi Taai omahiewb, hto wb 50 — 60,000 neji. ropoxcsoro 
BacejeBífl xaHx BasxoxHeBBO fiuaajo xo 10,000 hcji. Oisubib 
Jleai^a o TBHfiyBxy Taisse 6jaronpiaTeBi. Ohi orpai^aerB mbb- 
hhS ynaxoBi ropoxa h roBopBrB, ito Tairs no npesseicy ecxB 
6B(SjiioTeKB B niBOJiu, B HTO aacejieHie (20,000 ^&i.) bctp^tbjo 
ero xpyaB^K>6H0, a npoBoasaTB ero Biicunaio TucflHaiiB; lorxa 
BaK% vb BflTBxecflTuxi roxax'B, Eapn 6uji!b TyrL aaxepsaai bí- 
CBOJiBBO M^bcfliJ^eKB B SBJíi Boxi^ eséxBeBBož yrposoi cMepifl. Ho 
CB caMOfi BHFoxHot cTopoBBi odbx^oe Bacejesie nyauBB npex- 
craBjíaeTca bx caxaxi, Boioptie o6BeceBU ci^BaiiB bx pocrB ^ejo- 
B^Ka B oÓpaÓoniBaiOTCfl (TB BaiB^aftmBiťB crapaHÍeHi. IIoxi* 6jara- 
^^TejBBofi tíhbk) BajiBiffB, TjrB pasBOXflTCfl BCflBÍe BiasB (bi Myp- 
sysi oco6eBBO i^^BBjíacB pyccBaa nmeBBi^a), obob^b b bjioxh^ b 
Bi ToiTB hbcjA BBBorpax'B, BBK>n^BifBCfl JíosaMB BOToparo, Mexxy 
npoHBMi, odcasesBi b(A xopoasBB orpoMBaro MOBacTupcBaro caxa 
Vh Ky4»pš. Roe-rx:]^, vh xosx^BBue roxu^ namyrB. Sfia^BreiBsaji 

^aCTB BTOfi paÓOTU BCnOJBSeiCfl pyBaMB BeBOUHBBOBl^ BOXOpiIX^fe, 

oxBaBosi, cooTB^TCTBeBBO BX'B o^BiiecTBeHBOMy nojtoseHÍK) B espo- 
neScBofi TepMBBOJioríB, npaBBJíBBŠe 6uio 6u BasuBaiB CaipaBaiiB* 
FocnoxcTByiDB^ sacejieBie, apa6u b 6ep6ep£L, laBi nepeiii- 
niaiBCB Mesxy €o6oio, hto no bhšbibbm*b npBSBaKaMX bx'b Bootín^e 
BaiBBfl pasjA^aiB, b vh uciomi bbx^ obb exsajiB rx^ cyo^e- 
CTByioTB. A^^^Py Bacejieflia Bcefl JlaBÍBcsofi nycTHBB, 6jBse shb- 
BoifoĚ PojB^^cy, OBI onpex^JifleTB bi 50,000 ^ei., bsi Boropsixx 
XB^ TpeTB apa(k)Bi b TperB 6ep6epoBi. BooÓn^e, apa(h Bpynnte 



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ISOnXOBAHK AtPIU. 133 

H no ^HBHHecBOHy THQy, ROToptift KpacHBx Bo Bdbxh Bospacraxi 
XD vjjdomŘ crapocTH, h no HpaBCTBeHHOHy oÓJiEsy, no BHppeH- 
sel cbA jflHBOCTH. 5ep($ep% MOJbie, ho TpyxojuDtfHste h cno- 
co6EÍe KS xoDOTjniBoB paóorb. Bep($epcnui njeneHa roBoparb pas- 

HHMH HapŽ^ijiMH, » R0T0pUX'L AO CHX'L nOpiB y;^epSHfiaH)TCa MHO- 

ría saHMCTBOBaHÍa hstb rpeso-pEMcaaro Mipa| cb SHa^areABHoft 
iipuicBK) apa6cRHxa» caon. QoHHtfaK>n apaScsyio pfi^B bcí. 
y apa($OBi asuxi oahhi, coxpaHeHHufl, OAHaBosei vb vhciotí 
BeKfloraxH njeiieHaMH. TRnHvecaíĚ otfpasi meflxa, BepxoicB, bi 
ůyfBy&b (yBy, HenpeM'6HH0 BinRBOirB, xora 6en Óxovb^ laRi saxh 
áioxa Bi nycTHHi ne a6P3Bhtcb), cb pysBem, bohthsomIi coso- 
jon H (topsoft coÓaBofi, cyn^ecTByerB h TenepB bo Bcefi nenpE- 
ROCHOBeHHOcra; ho npeoÓJiaAannuft tohi BOcnaMa TeMHOCHHÍS, no 
^Biry o6H(eynoTpe6HTej[BHiix'B cyxaHCREXi 6yMasHBix% MaTepiS. 
Ho uipi DpoHHBHOBeHÍfl jFh vjij6h HycTHHH, npEM^ HorpcRaro 
aieiieHTa B€e CEjBHie cRasuBaorca h bi^ j^EBS^ecBOicB teuí nace* 
jffliii H Vb 6MÍe JtenoĚThf wcejiuK% HpaBax'B e orpaHHieHÍH 
rapeMBaro saTBopHE^ecTBa. ^HCTORpoBHua seHn^HHii AByxi bíio- 
nmrB pan Bce-iaKH Ma^io noRasuBaioTCfl; e noroicy b^ ropo^axi 
MyjRCsoe HaceaeHÍe pasnooÓpaBHie nb orrbHRairB boss, a sen* 

mfBU BCrp^^aiDTCfl TOJBRO TeMH0I](B%THUfl. BciixCTBÍe ÓŽAHOCIE, 

Macca HacejeHÍa ^^asiH^ecRE ne SHaerB uHoroseHCTBa, e m Horie npex- 

nO^ETMXTB 06x0XHTBCa HOBOJBEHI^aME, ROTOpiIfl nOCiymH^ E BHH- 

EaTejBflAe. He CMorpa na ^peasH^aino BXopoBHfi UBMarB nycrtiHE, 
BacejeBie ehux'b MicreHeBi isuiefrh bhab ((0A^HeHHii8, anaiH^e* 

CBit, TTO POJIB^I oOmLCBMWB HOpai^iOHanHHMH yCXOBÍJUf E SH^HE, 

uoxBMi nBTaHíeMB H paHHHME 6paBaME. Eo^eBoe e noayBO^eBoe 
BacejOHÍe xpo6ETCfl aa mhosoctbo njieHeHi) ctob^hxb na pasHoici 
ypoBBi xhboctb. Bcero Ůojkie BHaifeHETU no XEn^HEHOCTBy e ne- 
ysponMOCTE lyaperE hjui TyapEBE, Boropue x^psaica vh o6niEp- 
BOiTB paSoHi nycTUHE, npHaerax)n^eM'B bb AjtsEpis e ^ejsfljBLEjj 
€ yojex^CojiEMaHB) CBEpinaByion^ie Mesxy ^enpqaHOirB, Bopny, 
cTatfocTE. 

" Vb yMCTBeHHOt SHBHE C&BepHOt 

XCiaBjaeica ycflJieHie pejiErioBnaro 
^HaTHBiia H neHaBECTE B'b xpH- 
asMEOsavTca e Bp&nHyiB: hítb 

la 6íSL XOXfl OAEHB E8B HHX!B HO npO- 

EBHoiffB om^aercE, no cJOBaicB 

BHtpanHHt MOHacnipB Boroparo, 

BOinie({cTBOiffB, cpexH ÓesnjioxHOt 

MOHacTBpB BS Ky^p& GB 300,000 



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1 34 BMnm ibfoiib. 

nMBir^. B^eHrp^ Beero xrasenifl ne vh M6br%, a n MapoBso, 

iqeHHofi BOtmi npoTHBi xjHicriaHi, HcroiaHBiDn% xojraiepii^me 

Áuaxa xepeB0MH BOcaraiejBCTBaHH Ha cbítshh iciaica. 



Bo^Bmaa nacTB nepsaro xoMa RHBnr. HaxTBrajia nocBBBieBa 
OBBcaHÍK) njenenB neóy. 

Emfi repoAon ynoMBHaer^ o(kh bh», saRii €6i> Mionan- 
Tporj[OXBTax%; Teneps obb bbbícthh noxi BMeHeirB reSj^^pemĚffiy 
T.re. QWUBCTHxi TeÓj (TaBaw lyóy, 17 bjb ifja). 3ro lueMBy 
HBBorxa He sHaBmee BaBBCBUooTB b aaceJuiK^ee r^nyio o6iac» 
TBl^ecTB, SBBeTB B TeoepB TOMHO raarb se^ sani b bi xbb Fepo- 
Xora. BÍRa nojropa Tony sasa/t^b reŘy ycTErjMUBCB asn^ecTBa b 
npBBBJB Bcjaifi, xoTB apatfu Bce en^ bxi npeRBpaiorB, Baitb^ 
TeifQHSB wvbmKhj ycBOBBmBz*B ce6§ jhibib BdbBoropyFQ BH^msocrb^ 
npaBC^pia. EBposeficBie bcto^íbbbb Ha^HaioTi o6x bbxi yno- 
MBflaiB ei ROBi^a npomjiaro ciojítút, bo ToiBsa no cjyxaM^B; nep- 
Baa Bapra TB^ecm, cocraBjetfHaa PojiB^^c(»rB bi 1866 r., lasse 
flMija ocHOBaBíem oxbb tmiko exyn b pascnpocH. ^ase Hax«^ 

fBTUh CJIBOIB(»rB BeMBOroe BBXibn B MOrB BSyiBTB B^ wu% 

ysacBOM^B BOXOBseBÍB, B% BaBoe OHI tfiijn^ noctaBjOBi^ (jMiHarBS- 

. MOiTB Buirejet, ((oxBHOfi, B£i6BBmifica nn cbjtb, BBHyHeHHtift ro- 

xoxom B sasxofi. XapaBrepBCTBBa nxeneBB b Óhtobha sap- 

TBHH y nero speBoexoxHH; ho xmsl cocraKireHifl vapra norpe- 

ÓOBaJIBCB MHOrífl lOa^OBtiB COO^BBrak, fl C006Q]|aeMHfl BITB Xav 

HHfl oxHOCBTejBBO npoCTpaBCTBa (cBinne 400,000 , bb. Bepcn) b 
míCJOk jKBTejefi (se 6ojsie 12,000 lei.) aeiBsa euraTB to^humb^ 
Ehjio BpeHB, Borxa Te6y »bjb b bb xpyraxi MicrHOCiarB; ho 
EWh npenuocB orciynHTB nepejTB BarBCROMi BHcn^t ipiBBjn8a]](ÍB. 
Eyýpa, HanpBMipB, npBHaxjesaja bitb Boero nojtopacTa jtn^ 
TOMy BBWKb, o Hewh cBBxíbeiBCTByKxrB noBBHyraa ceMHÍa b 
MoniJiu, cjfoaseBBiiB bs^b coxoHi^eBaTOll seHJiB, kb botophx*b bbx^ 

HBí rtjia, HpBBpHTHB D^BHOBRailB. ^U TOprOBHXl I^Xett, OHB 

fl TenepB ceuTca, b BBorxa Haxoxro, n $e^^aH£, Bopsy b kbY" 
FBX^B iáctBoctgx%j B TOF^a OT^acTH noxnaAstK)TB nojTB «9ysoe 

BjiflBÍe. PaiBJKTB BBA^JTB OXBH^ BXB BiqMBaHl B!B Ry^pi: TJTh 

OHB ($HJB nyrjiBBBiy savB XBSie roiy^B, b n xpaaax^ apa6» 
6pajB BBx^ HBMB Bepxi. 3a TO y ceóa xOHa, epWB, BHBraeHBHX'B 
coxHi^eicB csaji, obb nnsoro ne 6oflfCB| a, HanpoxBBB, b(Aw% 
MBjmBmrh ysacyB. XBflptBsa, Boiopofi 6u pincuca bi wěm% 
mopTBynaij m^en B^pnaa nteiB otb roioxa, sasxu b yxa* 



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laGItAOBÁHU AtPIU. 1S5 

poBi HeBBXBMaro Bpara; a 6íxhh ohh xan, hto nonojiBBOBaTLCfl 
7 Hm He^&fib. Tonso saniUHna, 6oj%e otbphtus xouhei nox* 
BepraBics hboiw HanaxeHÍa]r& Ke%BHHKOBo& - apatfoaxi Boropoe 
yroHiKm cson h mxxiiifSífMrn> seentEHi h BeBOiBHHBon. 

dicnexHqui Harraraju bs TbÓccth opraHBSOBuacB npH co- 
XJUteTBÍH ciapHBa Xax«^-IIIa<Sepa, npasHreiB Eaipyna h rjiaBii 
j^OBHaro opnena iiypa^kixoKE. Te6y yBassKyrib Mypa($HAoBi sa 
ucKny H CTporocTB B^pii; a r£ oxotho Óepyn y hbx% seni^ 
no npBBftio B% xOBOiBHO npaBBJíBHiiirB ToproBími CHomeHÍflirbt 
B% EaTpysi hovtb nocroBHHO xepsBicB ÓOjrite keb MeH^e mhofo- 
uc í ej Bi ag BOJOHifl retíy; a HypaÓBXiiy oxhh bo BceB Gaxapt, ae 
((oflTCB nocBMTb BapaBaBU BB Tfl6ecTB. ToJBBO Borxa Xaxs'B- 
]IIa(Sepi npBraan bosmosbiimi ao HBBidBoft cxenesB nopy^Bibcs 
sa tiesonaCTOCTB HaxTBrajur^ Hypsyscsifl BJiaciB piniBJúrcB (miyc* 
1XIB ero, B CB CBoeĚ ciopoBii cx&iajui Bce BOsuosHoey htoÓu 
oi p aH HTb ero on ti^u. Ho xo nocji'&AHefl MBByru sd^ Bacroa- 
leiBBŠftniBiis o6pa8(w*B ytiisx^B ero OTBasaiBCB otb npeAnpiaTÚii 
BpexynpesExafl ero, iro AoroBopu cb leí^y ne bm£k>tb BBBaaoro 
naBesm; mso ero yfiBxyn hohtb BaBŠpaoe, a orpa6arB xo bbtbb 
fleopeiriteso. Jífíme naeiiBiie bpoboahbkb bbi naeMOBB TeCy, *boto- 
pmcB BBcnexBipfl 6iua owbb BHroxfla, coBiioBaiB eiiy tfpocBTB 
1^0. HaxTBraiB Bncryinm nox^ BnenaijŠHÍeMi^ npexeroBBmett 
aiy OBacHOCTB. 

Bun ÍB)BB ificsqB; TeMnepaiypa xoxoxKJia xhoitb xo 49^ I](., 

I Ba QXHOirB BBB DOpBHXl nepOXOXQBB HaXTBraJIB BMÍJl HeOCTO- 
POZBOCTB BBCTyTB Vh CByXBOŽ TÍBB, BOIOpaB CB XBBSeflieiTB 

couraqa OTonua, b ei^ cosrjo bofb, TasB hto oni pacnyxjni b no- 
KpuBCB nysQpflMB. OB^yn^eBíe, no ero cjioBairb, Tasoe, EaBB eaiB 6u 
mi BpeBpaTB.DicB vh pacBajieHBiifl cbbboi^b, b 6on npB i»KÍ 
BB Bep6jix>xi, Ba BeyxoÓBOMB bbhmc^, BeBHBOCBMaB. El TOMy se 
y meto pastfojAjBCB otfa rjutsa, b obi ixaxB bi^ noBasB'^, boto- 
pyB> MorB opBnoxHBMaTB TouiBBO Ba HeMHoria MFBOBeBÍB. Bb Kbt- 
pyBi OHB nonpaBBiCBy b Bnepsne bcbhtbxb co cic^bsi TaMom- 
HBZB re6j Ty Haroryv xoByuBBOCTB b BHMOraTeiBCTBa, Boropna 
vaoejAfpmBf bb Meflie cxepsaBBoť^pMŠ, tbbb ero BdnyHBJB. 
Fiasa MypaÍBxoBB, Xaxai-IIIafiepB, ctbpbbb erojiB xpeBBÍff, hto 
on DpBHBBAn eiqe JlatOBca bb 1819 roxy^ oBasajicfl xocta- 
mno do/foth. Bc^MB y ce({a bb ropox^, sarpys^anB b leCy, 
OK pacsopasaxcfl XBepxuMi b ajmciBimB tobomb, npB^eMB ae- 
OB raiTB Mjiaxníit ^pm, npoBBBBynifi bb aaiy Óesrpa- 
jBAsenieMi, en^e crapajica ycajniB Bne^arjiiBÍe ero pi^eft 
wVH&KBBaBBeifB, BByamTejiBBHHB BSTJBXAKB, secraKB, 



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106 nonm BPorar. 

noBTOpeiiem nocjriAHHXB cjobi h npvciynBaHien xnHHaro noooxa. 
XaAS'B-IIIa({epi ORasajrB HasíHrui) cavyn Hcq)eHHio»> nox^epsi^t 
HO HacTOflTeiBHO yGtoxui ero BOBBpaTHTBCi; h t6 se ysšioiaHia 
noBTopflJHCB vh nocjri&AHeiTB HacejeHHOMi nyBxA ^enp,9jn, Tex* 
mepa. BcKopš bet^^itb sapaBam xociHn sMoma Eipi-Mempy 
ci npespacHoft xoioahoě Boxofi, KOio^it, oxHUoani, ncio ({msen 
sacEinaHl necROiTB. Offb ^q^esBn^atHO Basesi, san BOHMHiifi nysKn^ 
nocíšxHflro, o^en TpyxHaro nepexoxa sa nyTH hve Bopny, ci& 
Rpynnci nox&eMOirB, BOTopHĚ HaxnraiB HanBaen orseHviiin 
HcnHTaHieiTB Bep6xv>Mfivhf otiescHieHEiai 40 — 50 fjsBBuma ny- 
Tem. BjHjBaSinai oKpecraocTB ye&iHa m^&bAmsMxsí leiOB&^e* 
CBHMH R0C1SMH H cseiemiíH Bep($jH)xoFB. HaxTRran gb ysaGom 
yrax^jx nojysaHeceHHBe necBoiiiy Bqc^me&HBe cMHi^eirB Tpyna 
X^TeS^ na "^soropiirb ejqe xepsajocB cnHee py6Eiite. Ohi roBO- 
pHTB, HTO Ha 9Tofi Hocjri^xHeft CTaH^iH xojraro, o6flJBHaro crpa* 
xaHÍflMH nyTH nerpcKÍs x^^th, rOHHMHH hb HeBOJDi HpyrB bo mho* 
secTB^. Moaoxofi opraHHSMB ne BHxepsHBaen nepexoxa otb Riax- 

HOfl aTMOCJ^pH TpOHHBOBl Z% JIHaieHÍ«ll H HOSHpaXHIieMy B06* 

Xyzy nycTUHH, npn tockí, crpax^ h CMepieuHOt yerajflEOcni. ynaa* 
maro, ROTopHft ne vh ouarb BcraTB h Ópeeni xftiune, &e nax* 
tfnpaiorBy h ohb Mex^enno rB^nen hqxb ÓesHon^axHiíMi cojraiteir&y 
HHorxa y caiiaro sjnoHa, xo ROToparo ohi xoiA^HJca, HanpiraH 

nOCJiXHifl CHJIIIi HO ROTOpHfi SaCUnaHB H X^CT^ SHBHieJÍBHyH) 

Bjary ahhib hoÓA hícrojbretb ^acosi Tpyxft* Ea(e riytfse bsboji- 
HOBaJia HaxTHraiH aia RapxHHa na o5paTHOirL nyrH, Rorxa oh% 
cauB BHOJiHŠ ycniji hbbíxetb ysacB CMepraaro EBneMOsemfl. 

nepBoe HcnuraHie np^crouo eny BCROpfe. On nani RiDwft 
y hoxhosíh ropH Tdmmo, RapaBanHuB nyrb hb Bopny noBopa* 
^HBaerB n K)ry; a rb BOciORy nepexib iQrcHHRaifH paaocTJUuacB 
RaHeHHCiafl xaiiaxa, sa ROiropoio BOSBHmaeica TstiecTH. IlyTH Ha- 
M^HeHii Tyr& TaRB iiajio, hto hpoboxhhbb crajiB tfjyasxaiB oo bio- 
paro se xhs, npexnojaraeioril ROJioxesB ne oiiíctHBajiCHi h &bMr 
CTBOBanie Ha^ajiocB. Oho onncaHo y HaxiBrajui cb xyxosecTBeH- 
Hott odpasHociBK), xo MOMeHia, Rorxa HawHaerB tomhtb CTpax%, 
mo ne BUxepseniB, HBJíflioTCfl MHpasH, rajjiDi^HHai](ÍH, noÓysxeniH 
RB cípaHHUirB HOcryHRaicB h eqe (Soiie bb Tony, vto6u nacTB 
OTxaiBCfl BSH^ioseďx), nepecraTB crpaxaTB. Obb roBopnB h o 
HecpaBHeHHOMB ÓjasencTBi yroxenia laROft sasxH, Roropoe hcrid- 
naeiB BCflRyB) xpyryB) mbioib hih satfory; xesxy tíitb rbsb BHfr- 
peHHocTH 6yBaK>TB BB TaROMB coctoihíh, iTO He MoryTB BB nep^ 
Boe BpeMfl yxepsHBaTB Bjara, h ona crpyHTca crbobb. Ilpn x^esi 
HOCjr&xHeft xoxH Bsaiaro cb co6ot sanaca, ero nopann npoBOX- 



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ISenXOBAHIil MPVKK. 137 

hbtd reůjj s6T0puft tojbso HeifHoro ocb^jekjí porB h OTAai'^ 
ei^ ocraAHjno cbod ^op^ilo• Buxepssa Te6y npH CTpaHcrBÍi[r& 
n nycniH^ Boofinie nopasHiejBEa. Ror^a Apyrie yse ESHeaco- 
rsvfb, €BH eissfi lifjrh ceoeft jierBoft h nsan^Hofi noxoxKofi, icairB 
(to He ^ijBcrBji yroHemfl. Bi Caxapi, jifooir& npoóurb 6e8^ 
iQpi xM xHfl — CMepTB B^pHaa; a ohe BHxepsHBann Bffioe xojiie, 
BSBOXBisHO Jiesa jsfiBMCh vh Kasoft-HHÓyxB neo^epi^ h hxs tojbro 
BOiBK), otfMoraHHsie ci rojiOBH AO Hon, cb saBŠíiniHHnirB jihi^oitb— 
no ocnfiiflen Hcnapeme nojocTH pra — Óea^B JHinHeĚ uETSffij cno- 
cofiBoi ytuRB sasfff . J^ez yroieHifl Tepsanifi rojioxai ohq toji- 
wjTb xocTi najiirB BepfijnoxoFB e cirlniHBaion exi cb spoBBio 
eBoero Bepén>x^; a Rorxa osoHHaTe&HO ofeacEjATB, npEBAsu- 
Baím eefifl kb Bep02K)Ay h BBipsxyrcfl ero EHCTEHRiy. 

SanaxHHE xmehh TEÓecTE ne npoESBOflflrB ^HHESOBiirB najBiťB., 
mopHE pocryTB loniBo vh xojiehj^ BapxaE, no ly cropoHy xpeCxa. 
Ko qi^eiceHfl c6opa ^^ehbbobi, Bce HacaieHie xyxa e nepexoxEti, 
rraBMoe roioxoiTB) mMoman eMy spyrjiHĚ rox'B, eo lyrB oboh- 
ttieJBHO o6ocrpflK)iiuiMai. Eorxa HaxTErajiB npE^uji b% Tao, nen- 
ipaiBHHft nyBETB sanaxHaro TE6ecTE, upaBEiejia Bpas; TaK^-Easiat- 
Baauro x^^xas, laitB yse ne óujiOj e npoHÍe crapmEEii rorooH- 
iBCB VB BBCiynjieHÍi). Ci exi corjiaciii owb HanpaBEJCA Óuio bi 
EopBy E bbx:6ji'b lyn SEBOOECByB) xoaEfly Syapi, ci pocBOnraofl 
pacnreiBEOCTBio; eo BCBOp^ ero BepsyjiEy o6xflBEB'B, hto ci Toft 
cropoHH ossxaercfl HanaxeBÍe. Torxa oetb nomejTB cb ciapmEsaii e 
Bs Eapxiui. BecB btot^ nyrB Óhjtb cnjioniEHirB TepsasieirB, Mesxy 
upo^awh nOTOMy, vro crapnraEEi ero o(h>'&iEy e npHnuocB esbí- 
XKEB Ba€TOfl^^fl rojQX^. HaraocTB e BBHoraiejBcrBa nocxeneBEo 
Bciq)ociajiB; otfpan^eBÍe cxi^ajiocB rpyfimrB, yrposaBHi^BMi. Bo BpeMA 
ipQWSETejiBHdl ocTBHOBBE KB osExasÍE roHi^, nociaHEBro éa 
qpimtHTOM^ E paspimeBieiTB exte vh BapxaE, owh npoÓOBaai 
CMOrBca OTB DpEcraBafliE BopoRB nporyjiKaME. Hsi eobíix'b sap- 
nsB nyeniHE oh^b lyn EEOrxa bex'9^ji'b BxaiB npo(JiraK)ataro 
eifajFea e oScsbeex; ho HepsuE csajH Haroajun en^e 66xbmpo 
wanj^ a BpiBJEHBe e xpEumĚ jafi oCesBaBib^ oroBcioxy syrso 
WBiopaeimi bxomi. epoebboxejie TErocTEoe Bneiauri^HÍe: eiiy sa* 
<no BTO Sjrae ropaue (íbcuj soropue E3X%BaK>Tca sax^ ero 
IlepoBan ^epesi xpe6crB Tapco ooBepmEJiCE ycE- 
nepecoxaicE, npE^eirB HaxTEraiH) se eobbojieje ócmo* 
úánapBui spaiepi^ y noxoniBH rjasHoft BepmEHH TycExxe 
(t#flOtiCTp>), JDI noxEBTBCfl na Biy BepmBHy ]ífisi o($08p£HÍfl ropE- 
ocimBaBiEBaTBCfl xu cpscoBKiBaHÍE 4^ErypfB Jix>xefi e sb* 
ipufo nsimfi poraTaro csom, soioparo lenepb nin wh 




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1 38 BftCTHHK^B mWSSL 

TiitiecTB), rpj6o H8o6pašeHHHrB iaa cmaxx, no BimoHHairB. Ha- 
Kanysi npHxoxa vb Bap^aH, rjaBHHft ciapmEBa, ApaHH, ^yB- 
cTBy£, HTO Bacrynaen woneii;h oůnsfiŘ BiciuyaTaipH ero ateprBH, ao- 
^Hcra orpa^HJii HaxTHrajifly nperposEFL eiiy CMepTBX), esem oa% 
o6i dTOMi 80iiy*BH6yxB pascsasen, h oůbuj^, BanpoTHBi, bs 
cjyqai MoíHaHis, nposopniB h coxpaHHO fpcrsBisTh vh ^euman^ 
6*6 8ejeH'6ioiqyR)^ rycro nopocmyio spacHBBHH rpymiaini najfBM^^ 
AOJiHHy BapAaH npHnuE Be7epoM'B) h BCBopi yciEnnajiH tjx% bos- 
6ysAeBH0t tojbk h MBn opysis. IIocTeneBHO, Bce sBciBeHHte 
crajiH BHx^^flTBca ApocrBse rojoca Mys^HBi h seHn^iBi a npo- 
KjflTin DpoTHBi BpoBonifii^i-xpBCTÍaHHHa. HapoA^ xoT%ji% TyTL xe 
CB flBiTB pacnpaBBTBCfl. OmpmHBH craiH coB^^n^KTECá, bo msi 
^jeriiaTBTOCBB, ^o HaxxBraiB Boxomen jpí mna b csaaajPB, ^lo 
esejB OBB flB%ro Be Baioxan bosbosbiib^b cx^mtb, ran ohi& 
Ba ce6a oxBoro ÓyxerB Baj^brBca b xoporo npcxacrs sisbb. Toi^ 
ÁpaMB BCiaji B o<$iflBBjnb, hto Be A^um ero bx oSaxy^ nocrt 
nero x^ftcTBBiejiBBO npoBexB ero xftJBBBMB otfxoxaiuí vh CBoft xomx, 
rx% cecrpa ApaifB yrociBja HaxTBraja xy^BOfl nouetfsofl— poc* 
Bomb, SBa^eBÍe Boiopofi totb oi^bbj^b jbbib Bnocjfix^BÍfl. 

no otfxflCBeBÍH) HaxTBrajiB, qecTBOCTB bjib bípboczb cjosy lyn 
Be Brpua bb MajAftme8 poiB. Apam, hojiobíbi mbofo crpascTBo- 
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KB,vh B BpexpascyxBOBi T02BU, efl x^Tcsaro narpioTesica, EBcnras* 
TBBBoft BeBaBBCTB B CMyTBaro, npeyBeiB^eHBaro crpaxa nepe^s 

aJHBOCTBK) B CBJOft XpBCTÍaflX, (JOBBBB, TTO OBB SaXBaTflTB HeB%Xlt>* 

MUfl caMHiTB TyseHi]iaM!B coxpoBBB^a. Ho owh Birib*B Vh BfljQT no- 

JIBTBTOCRk B f,ÍjiOBhLZ OTBOmefllfl Bl> $e^^aBy H CfiOD BaBABAa- 

Typy Ba rjaBeacTBO vh TadecTB nocjii acepTB TenepemBsro xi^p* 
xaB, xpBxiaro crapasa. Ri Tony aae, 6ii:ia sax^Ta ero aMÓnoíar 
KoneBBEKB B nojy-ROHeBHHRB Bcorxa npesBpaiDrB 6oslbe CMHpeBBiix& 
oc^A^Hrb seMjiieff^jiBi^eBi, b eMy 6ímo xocaxBO, hto aacejieBie 6^[)- 
xaBy Be cnpocHBniBCb; noABBMaerB pysy Ba ^ejosiBa, lort^aro owi> 
BSJín noKh CBoe nospoBETCiBCTBO. Bnpo^eiiii, nojiosLesíe HaxTs* 
rajifl Bce BpeMA ociafiajocB OT^aasBiiirB. Obi xoJUKeftB 6ui% tiet- 
BuxoxBO CBX^Tb Bx BajiaTEÍ&, nps 40^ TennepaTypt, b toibbo bohbk> 
MOFB nepeA% boh) npoxa^KBBarBCfl. EacejiE obo^ noBasHBajCB fftewBj 
pe($flTBniKB B noxpocTBB no($BBaiB ero saMeBunn. HEn^a ero orpa^ 

Bfl^BBaJiaCB BÍCBOJBREMB ^BBKaiCB, BOTOpiie ApaMB BpBBOCBJrb 

no Be^epaiTB, a BOjiy eny npexocTaBaeno 6buo ^epnaiB nn rpoB* 
Báro BiK)Ha. Ob^l Hax&iJiCBy im kb BOMy npBBHBByn b ciíBr* 
^atoi; BO BHouo Bao(Soporb: npn HyxoBB^BoirB npexcrasj^ris o 
zpBCňaBazx, BaE:B o asHiBBxan, bovte nysxHXi ^exoBi^iecBaro 



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ISdl^AOBlBUf A^PKKE. 139 

eereeiBa, ero CHanua Bce-TaxH óosmchi sxajiH nyira, naj^ésa 
CEora H T. n.; a noroirB, Korxa HH^ero ee cjiyHEJiocb cb coíHitem 
I jyHofl, Bep6jiH)xa]fH R najiBMaMH, oiOE^aTeuHO yrpaiHin scaByia 
CjiiepxaHHOcrB. 

Torxa HaxranuB nosejii neperoBopu o ÍUtctb^ na Boropoe 
AptMi, BaKOHei^; coriacHJiar. Oho yxajocB; ho nepexo^u no 12 — 
14 ^acoBSb Bi cyTKH osasajiícB ysacHii x^s HejOBibsa, o($e8CHieH* 
saro HpoxoisHTettHHiTB ro.ioxom h oicyrcTBÍen XBiiseHifl, xypHO 
otfyraro, n ospoBaBJíeHHuiiH noraMH h jiBmeHHaro xa^BLe boshos- 
BOCCH spiiiBO ycByTB; noTOMy nro leMnepaiypa ooinr^EajTacB m 

6<»y a OXiflJO ÓBJOOTflflTO. npHnUOCB, RpOM^TOrO, ÓpOCHTB SHEin 

I o<$pa8I^I ropHHx^ nopoAB, KOTopnini HaxTeraiB xoposHJiB t^wh 
6oiie, ^0 caiťB ne n coeroflHÍH GujrB onpex^jBTB hxb SHaneBifl. 

Eorxa, BaBoneiTB, ApaMH b xpyrie Te6y xosejB HaxTBrajui 
ffi kbcTBOcrUj Tfjt yse He.iB8fl 6ííjio c6btb€b cb nyiB, b ryrB 
ocraBBn ero, <Se3:B BCflsaro 6arasa, fb socnoafi, o^eHB crpanHOiis 
I BenoiHOM!B, OH^ no^yBCTBOsajn, Óyxto ocBOÓosxaercn otb Kom- 
Mapa. 6b TexmepB ony Óbtjio ORasano noíHoe rocTeapiBiccTBO, h 
TOHeirB cefitacB ace nocBasajTB itb Xa^arB-HIadepy, soropiifi ff> 
TOTO oÓpaxoBajicír, hto noxapBJB OMy Tps la^epa. Em^e npBB^T- 
JBBie tfnjia Bcrpí^a bb Mypsyai; ho npamjiocB npesxe Bcero .le* 
^nnBCB, H sAOpoBBe BOScraHOBHJiocb ne CRopo. 

no onBcaHÍK) HaxTflrajTfli nojiy^aerca ciifyiomfie npe^craBie- 
Bíe o HjeifeHH Tetfy. 

dro JiOAB Te]fHo6pOH80Baro qB^ia, pasHuxB ott'Ibsobb, ne- 
(kuBQioro pocTa, no^au^pne, npesBu^afino crpofiHue. HspB ho^th 
C8KÍ1CB H^h*B; pysH H HorH HetfojBmia, o^eHB iq>acHB0fl ^^pun. 
BaiocH Kyp^aBiie, se oobc^hb raKÍe, xasB y nerpoBB, ho Tose ne 
jUiiHHe H (SesB tfjiecBa; 6opoxa pocrerB He y BcixB H 6EiBaeTB CKyx- 
Bit, Id^s^oBH MjBmeio nacTBio Ópiwrrh rojoBy, a senn^iHu nox* 
^sfmmoTh BOJKKu cnepexB b sanjeraiOTB ocr&iBHiie bb Mencia 
JBdtsnwB. Aítb h noxpocTBH 6šraK>rB gb Ópbtuhh rojiOBaMB, na 
wmfpOTb ocraBJBKnta npBHyxnBotl 4^pini xoxjet. OKxaxB .mnfi 
MBOiBHO npaBBJBHHff^ npH exBa sayiraoMB nporHacBBV^, npBHOMB 
m aeria opinnoirB nod h bchbuxi, noBBTiHBBXB rjasasB. Xy-*^ 

JUtiiy 9^eBBXB0, 06yCJI0BJIHBa6TCfl CyXBlfB ropHElHl BOBXyXOlTB, BU* 

WpnifanfcMB b yCBopeHBHMB o^m^bohb BeqeciBB, npn caMoif CKyx* 
■1^ UMU BCBJ10HBT6JBHO pacTHTej[£BOii UBJajk. Mojroxoa x'6ByniBH 
[, B npB HŠKOTopoMB yjny^nieBia ycjiOBÍfi sbsbb, sen* 
OMfjTB coxpaHflTB 6jiaroo6pa8Íe; ho Heron^eHEHfl, cKyxHo 
oxesxoft, ciapyxB hpohbboxbtb ysacaoniiee Bne^aijri^- 
l^.^jlpř 9§ixwsBf noxpocraB)Qtee noBOjinie (SiraeiB narBUB; a 



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140 EftCTHHlTB SBPOim. 

^arfiMi ABJífleTCfl cehaa cy^aHcsafl pyóamsa e sycom laiot se 
MaTepÍH AM rojiOBii; y seen^HHi sycoBi MftTepÍE, ejotho oÓmo*- 
faHHHfi no 6expaM%9 e njiaTon, a npá 6íxhocte tmbko obchu 
ínxypa cx a*^bhho& nepEoS mepcTBio. 

Xeseb Boo6ii;e acECTEHecRafl} cb exHHCTBeflHuirB cjyiaftBUM^ 
yBJOEeBÍeMi bi nojiBBy najiBiiOBaro BEsa. JKesn^EEH ii^&iOMyxpeHHH 
fl saerlH^iflBH nepe^B HysBflMB; a npoxojSBrejBBQfl pasjíyas cy- 
npyroB^ e CRyxBoe nfliasie BexyrB n coKpan]i6HÍK> ^ECja poacxe- 
Hifi; tímx Óúzlše^ tto paÓtisB eohte vbn^ htO| BoeefEO, e oOiec- 
HEerB npo^EOCTB fl ^lECTOxy pacoBaro TEná. OcraBascB, vh OTcyr- 
GTBie Myseff, nojiEEiME xosflfisaiiE, seniipiBii ciipaB.iflH>TCfl cb a^- 
jioifB en^e Jiynnie exi, bo (JeBnpecraBBO saiiBaHyrB ccopii e xpasH. 
BoJiisneft Bootfqe o^eBs Majio — e Mesxy npo^BMi CBij^EjnicrB He- 
ESB^CTeB^B coBcim; HO, RaB'B nocji'ÍACTBÍe APftiťB, oiesB MHoro ysi- 
dff, ssaBOBi Ha jiEi](š, orpyÓJeHHiirB najbi^eBi^ b ($ojie taškhx-b 
noBpesxeHifi. Bcji^ACTBÍe noxospETejiBBaro e HeysEBHBBaro apasa, 
Te6y xase ne ceaBTca Barberl, a BaaBXHlt crapaercfl pacBoiossxB 
CBoe sjujíie noxajBme otl npoHBTB. 9to SEne— majianrB es luo- 
cxofi Kpumeffy Eflor^a npoMasaBBufi, Bootfn^e osparBiiS, cípaMfl* 
nteBHofl njon^axxolt BnepeAs; ho Bpoiťl loro, y sas^aro ecTB oco* 
<íoe noM^H^eBÍe, cpe^B csajrB; bi BesEXEnsixi e BeAOCTyiiHux'B 
nen^epaxi. 

TpyAfloCTB SESBeBBBixi ycjOBifi BUBBaaa bi Te6y SBa^EreaB* 
Hoe yncTBeHHoe pasBEiie, npoEBjflion^eecfl vh exx opaiopcBOirB xftp^ 
fl Bi Thcofi cnocc^BocTB Kb ToproBjíi, HTO BeBA^y TA^ BMi y^aeicE 
flOcejflTBCfly OBE uo&bmnBxyrb Bcbvh BOBByppeBxoBi. TyrB b xh- 

BOCTB EXl HaCTOJlíbKO CEEr^aeTCfl, 9T0 OBE nOTOMl 60iiTCE BOBBpa* 

H^enifl Bx cypoByH) o($CTaHOBBy poxbbh. VItb piiB Bcerxa cuax* 
HaEy y6'ÍAHTejiBBafl; a vh cnopax'L obe uacrepa oÓofixE xoboxu 

npOTBBBflBa, ESBpaTETB CHHCirB OFO CJOKB, HaSflBya:Bai Ha HO OTHO- 

éíLmfiecsi m a^jlJj onyraiB cjiymaieieft e HaxpaBoirB ao^etboa hxi 
4!orjacifl. Bcero ^an^e obe roBoparB npEsypByBoiE; 6en seciOBi*^ 
xase HO riEAfly b tojibeo BsiBOAflTB najbi](eirB no necBy icyxpeHEie 

ySOpU EJE CBJíaXHBaiOTB SaiiemBB. IIpOTEBS EX^B BaSOfilEBOCTS 

BirB BEBasExx cpeACTBi yciOETB. HBi-sa BaaaxoB tfesA^Ei^s oha 
HeoTcrynno Tv^eojAfjsyrh ^ai0B%Ba bbo-ahe vh aobb, HeA:6difl h 
x^i^u cpaxy) noAOJiry meniyrca nepOA^B bbhi, cb o8atfoieBBair& 
BEAon, 6yAT0 o qeiTB-BfltfyAB caiioirB BasBom, EspesavrB ^ejo- 

CO^ifl flCXEBEI Bl pOAÍ TOrO, HTO FOJOBa AOpOBie A^BOrB BIJI 

(^onmoe EMyn^ecrBo — CMepxB Bjiax^JBi^a, e, Hasoflei^i, npEtifiraors 
VB npflBHifB yrpoeaiTB. ycTynaniB — ho tojbbo ne (JjaroAapiTB, ho, 
HanpoTBBi, OBaauBaHnrcE ocsoptfjieBBiiifE bx cbooitb aocfobhoib^ 



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I Tpe6ywrh BOSHarpaat^eHifl. H liifx (k)ji%e ocsopÓjeHu Apyrie^ 
ne yciriBmie ensie nonoABSOBaTBCfl. 

EesnouiaAHafl 6opB({a sa cyu^ecrBOBaHie y^naa vb xeóy BcaRyK) 
iyBcrBiiTejii»HOCTi.) A&se no OTHomeHÍK) bi cbohitb. y hhxi en^e 
(oiie, nesejiH y npflMiix^B dotomkoex nsMaHja, pyKa BasAa^ro 
noxHflxa npoTHBi bcíxi, h Kasx^fl crapaerai ne tojibro Bocrop- 
secTBOBaTb BdiXh conepHHBOMx, ho h HaBcerxa ero o6e^cviÁBrh. 
HiKasoe npecxynJieHie ee TpeBOSHn cobícth, h orB sas^aro 
MOSHO cefi^acB se oiKynHTBCfl, BpoHŽ; oxHaso-sx, y6íScTBa, nocjA 
xoToparo npexo^HTCfl Ha^ojiro óivAn hs^b Bpaa h nepeM^HHTB 
UM, Jífis coBepmeHÍfl tohhux^b j(ijii>^ ohh pacno^araiorL HeofiuB- 
HOBeHHuiiH npenMyn^ecTBaiiB: ocipuM^b sp^Hieifi, npHBu^Kofl Boo6aie 
xiftCTBOBaTB HOHbio, HeB^ponTHoS jierKOCTBH) H Óucrpoiofi 6%ra^ 
cjaBHBmeficfl en^e bi xp^bhoctb, TBepA^iMH no^omBaMB, Koiopus 
no3BOJflHxrb HMi» npuraTB no CRajiaifi. Cua^sa naMOxaHHofi na 
roiOBy MaiepÍH, Boiopoft ohb bi> noxoA^ saBimoBaiorb xei^o (jh** 
raiťb), cjysHrb hm^b ne ťojlizo zbkt> cpexcTBO npoiHBi lepsaniB 
sasAU, HO, npeasAe Bcero, sasi Macsa. C^Hiafl xpyr^ APyra cno- 
coŮBuwb na Bce h onacaflCB Basx&ro, ohh npn Bcrpi^iaxii b'b 
nyeniHŽ cxo^htcb cfb oco6eHHiiMH npeAOcroposHOCTHMH: npHC^x&iorB 

Ba BOpTOlBH H fftATO neperOBapHBaiOTCfl HBBkXHIIMX ycaOBHUifi 
TOHOlťB^ BOTOpufi ÚCTO HepeXOAHTB Vb 6paHB H HOTOMl OnfllB B08- 

Bpan^aercfl bi i^epeMOHiajiBHyK) BOJieK). 

Otin^ecTBenHaa sh3Hb y Te6y coBepmenno ne pasBBia, h h£t^ 
HH HajrifiniBxi npHsnaROBi toS cojBAapHOCTH, BOTopaa CBasuBaen 
apa(k)BX B ffkme nerpoBi. Kas^^fi aatfoTHica tojilbo o cq6í h 

CXOABTCH Cb XPyrHHB I0J[BB0 B'L MHHyiy OnaCHOCTH, — HHKorAa xu 

pa6oni HJH HOBEHnaro npenpoBOsxeHÍa BpeiieHH. IlHpu, boho^ho, 
ŠfiBaion: ecTB 6apa6aHii} ÓyÓnii, ^jiefiiu; no Bce bto ne Bosfiys- 
Merb BecejBB, a cjysBPB toilbo noBOXOMi bi xiuearHqecBHirB 
iypHHpaM!B H npojioroMB spoBaBuxx Apasi. HaxrnrajiB oroBapH* 
IftetCHi ÍJO OWb BHX^Jl CBOHXl roHHTejiefi Bl caMOMi HeeuroAHoMi 
CAtiy H HIO 8X0 XOJSHO 6UJÍ0 npHBOCTH Bl HÍBOTOpOfl OAHOCTO* 

pooHOCXH BneqaxjiHÍHy ne CMOxpfl na Bcb ero ycHáía coxpanaxB 
ofiMBTHBHOCTb. Oh'b npH3Haexx xaase, hto npespinie h nocirnnHua 
Tp^fynexbctBíL apa6oFB xmshh 6hjih osecroHEXB TeÓy, h roBO- 
tKt%f HTO npoflBjenie xodpoiu h ^yBCXBa cnpaBeMK^ocxH bm^jis 
eqrúft bbx^ti xase cpexn Ta&acoFB CBoero npeÓuBania fb EapxaH. 
OpvBiriBa paBC^HTBEBaxB TO^BO na cetfa pasBBJía b% Te6y nys- 
cní* eoCciBeflHaro xocTOHpcTBa, Boxopoe, bohotoo, xojsho 6eijo 
9H^ ytattZBca noA^ BjiaHieMx HCdSaiía. H3'l xpexi ^ejOB^Bi, y 
wém jpMW cmaioTB cetfa snaTHSiMH (iiaHHa), h HHBaBaa cxeneHB 



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142 MOfHEfil IBFOilA. 

oÓopBaBHOCTH He ocjiaduen dioro cosaaBia. Hubto, BnporoMiy 
He nojBsyeicii oco6eHHiiMH npaBaKH, ne eecerb otfasaHHOCxeft u 
fle njararB noxaiel. IlaiiTH^ecBas cbíiii^ oieiíeHH hb ooQrrHieJBHay 

H A&PA&H A^fiCTBHieAHO TOJbKO nepBilfi HOlCXy paBHHll0| BOTOput 

HHHero ne fiSHHgerB, h cociOfliejieffB jHinb HacrojBBO, HacBOJbBo 
caiťB CLyMierb odoraniiMi npwj^amieu^ KapaBAHORb hjih bobh- 
HUME BBCQeAHAÍflMfl. Bb ocHOBHux^ Hepiaxi nojaxaiecEÍft crpoft 
Torb se, ^xo H y 6ep6epoBi h npaMai npoTHBonojiosHOCTb serp* 
CRaro aBTOBpaxEqecBaro rocyAapcTea. 



no oÓuieMy BaeMTiifliK), npoiSBOABMOMy lueMeneirb leóy, 
MOSHO npeAQOJiaraxby hto oho Eu/berb Óy^yn^Hocib h cnocoteo 
flpBMiHHXbca JSh BOdAÍicxBÍiD eBponettcBHXi BiiflHii. Ojeib Ha^esBo 
orpaaAeHu oii HacHjibCXBefiHiix'b nocflraxejbcxB^b, ho ho ociaHyrca 
Óedy^acxHu bi BosnoaLHOCXH cxaxb vh jyqmia ycaoBia sbbhh; xotm 
BOJ Ha xaBoro yjyqmeHÚi Moserb bi hhhi AOBaxEibca xojbBO no- 
cpeACXBeHHO h, aaao Óuxb, cjiimBOirb Heenopo. Bo bcabomi ciy^aš, 
lyrb, BBBTb K Ha BceM'b HaroMexancBOicb cbsepi Aj^pHBg, nyrb 
MHpHaro naxepi&ibHaro nporpecca exBHCXBeHHafi, BOTopnit cnoco- 
Óeni j^Tb cyn^ecxBeHHue peayjibraxbi. EsponeficBafl Mucab, wh lix^ 
^pMax'B, B^ BBBBXi OHa xocxyHHa yny MaroMexaHHHai asajaa h 
npesp^j^BHa nepeA'b e^BHoS Bceo6beM3K)a](efl mucuh) HCJiana, boio* 
pafl, ne bo bhh nenoHiiTHott eiiy h caMOO0jaHaK)nteft sajocxH, a 
BO HMfl CHJiu, cxaBHxi^ Bas^aFO, npeBOSHeceHHaro h oxBepjseHHaro 
Bi HeaocpeACXBeHHoe oÓn^eHÍe cb fiedBOHe^Huni, BoaBumaen ero 
HaA'b cjy^afiHOCXflMH h paapimaexi ysu cxpa^aoUi. CioMHXb JiiOAeft, 
npoHHBHyiHx^b axoi MuubH), HaiencOi ocotfenHO laui, rx^ Hirb xo 
taBofi cxeneHH noMoraerb npnpoAa. Ho. ^ejOB^ay CBOiCTBeaHo nox- 
xaBaibCfl BJiiflHÍH> MaxepiajbHUX'b yxo6cxBi, h bxo BJUHie yse esa- 
sajiocb B^b A(i)pHBt H npoAOiísaeTb cboio ÓJiaroxBopnyK) pa6oxy, 
He CMOxpa Ha conpoxHBjenie ^naxHdMa h na auuBÍft HpaBCTseH- 
Hufi ypoBeHb orpoMHaro (SojibinHHcxBa npexcxaBHxeaett eaponefiCBoS 
i^HBH;in3ai;ÍH, Hepe8'b nocpexcxao soxopuxi coBeporaerea oxorb npo* 
i](eccx. 

J]^'lttcxBHxejbHO, eBponeScBoe Hacejenie nopxoBux^ ropoxQB^b 
ciBepnott A^pHBH cano no ce&h ne ffiefirh Bucosaro hohbxíh o 
xpacTÍancBOiTb idpš, BHA'&iHBnieirb HS'b ce(!a aTHX'b 6o^TSftVb ch 
MpaBOHx MaroMexancTBa. KpyaLBH, rpynaapyioii^ieca BOBpyrb boh* 
cyibCBBx^b xoMOBi^ E npoxcxaBHxejiefi rjiaBHEix'b ^Bpirb, omqaHncB, 
BOHe^Ho, HBB^THHirb noBepxHOCTHUM^b jiocBOMi; HO o(n^it ypoBeHb 
nopflxo^HOCTH H Byjbxypu, npexnojiaraeMHft vh AHBEiHBOBaHHOiis 



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HSCJn^AOBAHIA i«PHSH. 143 

esponeScBOiTB otfniecTBii sx^b He hm^otb DpHHiHeeiií. $paHi](y3- 
cm say^eHaJi j^pasa ciyzHrB tojibko a^iep^, Berpert h cojieTHflMx; 
ft apaóckafl pi^B cBpHBaer& caMoe nomoe HesHanie xpaá e pas* 
HO/Qrmie b% ero HHiepecaHrb. Sai&nb, Exera yse npflMO HeAo6po^ 
snecTBeHHHĚ cůpoKb tfajribe hjih nen^e juieiMenux^b a^pneroBi 
Bcix&cipaHi H upeHMyn^ecTBeHHO HiajiBflHi^eBi BOCioHHaro nomafia, 
DpoHHpjHBurb, Bcfbm npouumsSiJomfiTb Ma«3BTÍii](eBi, rpesoB^ h 
aponettcKBX^B eBpeeei. M^6cTHoe eBpeflcaoe nacejteHíe npoflBjflerB 
I 9ffkB OTTajKBBaiDnvbi Hepra^ Koropuii ho^th BCioxy B&sÓysAaBOTB 
npaiHBi Hero ctojibbo HenpiflBHH^ h, pa^OMib ch aiHMi, npHCyn^H) 
paci TBepxocTB vb 8aBÍT& (yuíflvhy dHepríio e HaxoA^EBOciB b'b 
TfíAi^ (SepesjEBOciB s fotobeoctb noMoraTB Apyn Apyiy. Ki xoMy 
se, noA^ b£bob£im'b BjdameMx 6jaronpiflTHHZ'B auMaTEHecsEx^ 
yciOBÍfi, lueMfl sjííbch Boo6mjč apacEB^; a vb MapoBso, e vb oco- 
óeHHOCTE. Bi TyBHci, npEiiuei](i ci cÉsepa, npEBiiBnii& ikb esb^ct- 
nurb TEHE^ecBEirB ^ErypavB^ coBepmesEO nopasaerca crpoflEUME 
ofipasaMH lOBomefi e Bpacoroft A^Bymeai, Bcrp^qaeMHXi b'b canofi 
yóorofi, rpasBofi oticiaHOBB*!. Ho BaB'B nocpeACTBytoniee 3B6eo 

C6j£8eflÍE CB XpECliaHCBElfB MÍpOITB, eBpCE S6y/V)6flU, nOTOMy^TO 

npaBOB^pmie npesEpaton flX'B en^e Óojiie, sesejE xpEcxiaHi. 
£aiie ueBÍbe yxotfEuifB npExo^ETca npEBHaxB sacBJBCiBesHoe no- 
cpexflflieciBO $paBi^8CBEX'B Bo&CB% E HEHOBBEBOBi, ffisie flesa- 
Bicfliío ora (ua6ocTefi ^pafliQ^3CBaro naipoEajBBaro xapasTepa e 
ieHflnx'B CTopoE'B Exi BasapMeflEaro e BaBi^ejiapcsaro ÓBrra. Ho 
MaiepiaiBHiitt nporpecc^B; npoBOAHEEifi EBpono&i Bce-Tasa A^aerB 
€Boe ji^o. CoTBE BOJOAi^Bi, Epo^ypaBJíeBBHX^B j^paBiiysaiiE Bl 
Ajampis Bi nocjLŽAHie ABaAitaxB-nflTB ňivhy ctoem Bcero MEďjioB'B 
^^BOBGb; OAflaBO-sx obe^ Óesi combšbíe, CA'BjiaJiE Óoa&e a^a 
igTOEJiBaaniE E o6oran(eEÍE Bpafl, sesejE iiEjiiiiapAU} saipa^ieaBue 
Ba coAepsaBÍe BoeflBOfi cEďu. F^y^EBa BOJioAAeBi bb AasEpíE 
(SóAmefi qacTBK) 60 — 80 MerpoBi; canue vjíyóojúe 6uBaioTi AO 
200 E 6ojkie HerpoB'B, e 6ypaBj[eEÍe exi ctobjio apa6aHx ^yAO- 
mojisuch ycEaifl e pasopErejBBBix^B sáiparB, Boiopiia Bce-raBE 
He DÓesneHEBa^E ycn'lxa, noiOMy Hio^se XBaxa^o cejii npodfliB 
taepAue cjoe ejie se bi roxoBtixi BOJOAi^axB A^ajECB o^Bajiu. 
IIpi BTExi ycjiOBÍflxi E necTOflsxi saeocaxi co cropoEBK nycruHE, 
oasH ydA'B-PEpi 6kije b^ 1856 roAy 6jib3be k% BorE^ejE, bi> 
Bixy ^ero e 6hjo npEcxyn^eBO bx npo6ypaBjieBÍH> nepBaro bo- 
SWSIL Pa(oTE[ saiajiECB bib udA, e 16 íiobe, bbbejce Moryqifi 
AaDB^fi 4,010 ďflxpoBi vh MEByiy — Ba 610 JiEipoB^ 
H&n FpeBeJiBCBifi jsosojsfin^. PaAOCTB apaÓOBi 6ujisl Hpe8- 
i MapatfyTB BasBajii btoitb bojioaci^b RjiH)HeM'B IMTEpa. 



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144 BfiCTHIKb IBPOial.' 

TenepB Kb yaxi-PHpt HaceaeHÍe yffOE^ocB h ^hcjio hubhi bob- 
pocjo Bi H^ROJiuo pasi. Tasaifb se otfpasoirb, npocroe orspuiie 
cnoco^a BUfjkizE éyiiariť im zaj^u (Štípa tenacissima) npBBeio 
kÍ lOHy^ HTO vb nocjiixBÍe A^caiB jiirb ropox^^ TpEnoaH ^pe^H- 
HafiHO B^^spoocff, H BecB npHierannptt spaft nojiynjrB soBsitt hcio9- 
nm% sapafioTisa. X^^ pocierE bi^ uicrarh atScoiuTHO desnioxHim; 
B, npozoxa no laREM^b ifšciairB) Pojb^ eeadtb eudtbM paóorax)- 
n^HiíB xixi caMuxi apatíoBi, soTopozi oetb HasBBaexi TyEesíjífíiun. 
Hxx pysaMB 6i>uo co6paHO vh 1870 r« 60,000 nyx. xaji^, a 
Wh 1875 r. 2.000)000 ny^. SBa^esie lasoro npeAupLnifl^ san 
npopmie Cydacaaro Kanaia, ho hosotb, isoHe^HO, ne orpaBímaí 
rjy(0B0 Bx HaroMeraHCBOif *& iripš ^); a no ÓJUiacaflniHm nocíŠACTBinn, 
H ocoÓJiHBO msL c^Bepnoi A^pHKH, rpoMaxHO ójAQih Bji£flie se- 
jíshoE Aopora wpesi Caxapy, hsi Ajukhpíb bi Harepy. Ona 
eme vh TyiiaH^ b npenaTCTBÍa vh ea ocyniiecTBjíeHiK) i^poiiaxHH; 
HO ^pasi^scKoe npaBBTejLCTBO cmotphtb aa oio x^o lavB cep^esHO, 
HTO na npexBapEie^iLHUfl BSCJišxoBaHifi accarHOBaio 600,000 
ÝpaflBOB%. p^M BTBTb BswlAOBaHíft H 6iiaa CHapBsena dBcnexBipit 
^jiairepca, HcrpefijeHHafl xyapBKaMB vb ^CBpaiš 1881 r. Bi 
Enmi Espona Biiflerb BCBiB)qHTej[£HO MHpHHirb nyreirB, h Bass 
HB BejiBBB ero bsbii, HeJiBBfl orpBB^aTb SHaHeHÍB xoft ochobh 06%' 
exBH6HÍfl B nepeycrpoficTBa rpoHaxBaro Bpaa, Boropaa Tam nojo* 
sena. HecoMHÍ^Hflo, hto k^jío nofixen Bnepex^ ropasxo fincrp^e 
B TBep2Be, Borxa eBponetCBaa lexHBBa Hafixers bosmoshumi cnpa- 
BBTiiCfl ci noporauB Hajia b ci xpaBíHiiMB saHocaiiE 5axpi-aiB- 
Fasaifl B Go($aTa. Hax% Bsy^eHÍeiii nocjiixHflro Bonpoca, bi npo- 
AOJiseHÍe HÍcBOJíiiBBXÍ* jAvhy CB BaiB^atrnBHi caMOOTBepsemeiťb 
pa(k>TaeTi b% otoicb ydScTBOHnoirB BJBMaTi 8HeprHHecaift Biaxui- 
nenT> dpHecTL Mapao. IIpBiiipi Eranra HarjBXflo xosasiiBaen, 
^To B!E BacTOBn^em nepioxi OTBomeHÍfi nesxy Eeponofi b icaro- 
MeiaflCTBoiix, MycyjiBHaHCBoe npaBBTejBCTBO MosBerB cjysBiB nepe- 
xaTOHBUMi pu^aroMx, xonycBaH)n^iMB orpoMHoe c6epeseHÍe cbjlíi, 
a BHorxa b éesycjiOBHO Heo6xoxBMiurB ^). En^e BBCTBeHH^ btqtl 

O Borb nopasHiejbHiifl uHjipS nocryiuíeHÚi nomiRHi sa upososA^HÍe KaHaiom: 

Bi. 1879 r 29.686,000 Ýp. 

„ 1880 „ 39.840,000 „ 

a 1881 „ 51^74,000 , 

2) lenept BoopýxeHHoe BHimaTeucTBO bi ErHuii BeoCxoABMO; ho moxho haa^^m^ 
^TO OHO 6yAerb HenpoAOixHTeiBHO h en^e 6ojiie ynpoHHTi A-kio MEpnaro BosAtficTBÚt 
Espoiui Hepeai nocpeACiBO uicxHaro npaBHTejibCTBa. Oho BusBauo ne npHBi^HaiaibHoft 
HeopBMtHBMOCTbi) TaKOFo B03A'^ficTfiÍH H HC cay^iafiBUMi BdpuBOMX Bapo^Haro (|>aBaTÍi3iia 
HJH pacoBofi HeHaBHCTB; a AepsBHMH upHTBsaHiaxH naryÓBtĚBíHxi npoTBBooÓfl^ecTBefl- 
Buzi djeMeHTOBit, uoTopue ycni^^ saxBaTBTL Biacrb, CiaroAapB conepBBiecTBy Bsin- 



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mutffiiBiEiM knm. 146 

^$srh Niajif$en is^ conocTaBiemH pesyihrgTOVh bobxííctbíií 
ofomiCEOŘ micn bi Aisapia h TpenoíH. RoHenHO, Ajsspix 
nuiao BnepexH; ho na 8totb OTHOCBiejiBHiifi jaAxh saipa^ensi 
nieieme nojyciojixia tucshe raepriHecxrai jnoxei h mrjiiapxtt 
WBen; a vexxy T&n, ^paei^yscRoe npaBHT&iBCTBO, HecoiraiBHO 
daromripeHHoe, no sacTOfliqiJI ffim ffipsmcB tojbro mnisaMH 
iiíkA apifÍB; a Typeiisoe ua^H^ecTBo Bp^nso Ůen uocpeffisBfL 
BoeHHOi cHJsr. Bi EenrasH, aa bcjd EnpeneK) h BocroHHyio uctb 
igrcTorai 80 tejiOBÍrB nixoTii h 30 BcaxHHSoei; vh Mypsysi, 
na Bec^ ^^^aHl, 300 HejiOB^sx, xoropiie o(S8aBejBCB ceMMUiB b 
lOSflcTBOiTE, B HBBytf He uoTjTh ffiwByTbOí HO HeBniBÍK) joma- 
ijŘ 1 Bep(SjiB)xoBi. Mesxy tímb, lypei^soe npaBBTejBCTBO nejBda 
lassaiB tfjiaroHaiitpeHBinťB; ero ne aDÓarB b ne yBasaK)TB, b, 
Bo CBBxixeiBCTBy PojiB^^ opoTBBB Hero Bes^i, xfts6 BB cpe^í 
ero coikTBeHHHXB areHiOBB HasonBJíacB Macca HeyxoBOJBCTBÍa. 
y HttTBrajB, no bobo/qt HeBCspeBHBXB craiiÓyjBCBBXB nanB- 
laHil, BHpHBaH)TCfl cj[fxyB>avúr Herody iontu cjOBa: <Eb Heny 
lemjvÓBBHB ^y^qpesxeniBi esejiB napoxB JBineai bosmosbo- 
cn iBB nojiBdOBaTBCfli B TOUKO OTAaerB na hbxb xpyxoBHe 
rponn? Bci pe4K)pMii ÓemiOAEu, nosa sapoxnoe oÓpasoBanie no- 
BepieBo BO npaxB b noBa vbth nopaxoraaro, ^ecrnaro ynpaBje- 
Hii... 6b napoxi iraoro leciH^xB jD^efl; ho bb cpexb npaBB- 
imeiBeBHHXB ubobbbbobb bxb xa^o xo spalaocTB, Bsenox^yn- 



nn, 6oiie iib iieiie Bei^arosaiiipeHHHxi BÚnift, m n ocoóejHocrs (Siaroxapa 
fnůun MBBBCTepcTBa FiMCTOBa. Pasxevb {^HarasMi h njeneeiiTK) HeHaBsci^ bo- 
^ aeTpyjiBO, h noBOAn ki pa^paseBÍD n xasHom oiynai, KOHeHHO, 6un, Hpas- 
iníe Hsvaua-namH 6eijo caiomHoIt opriei MOTOscTBa m zimeaú, vb soropofi espo- 
Rtaie a4>epicni iipan cjhiokoiii 8aM'6THyi) pon. dra opru oromia n Dpomexnee, 
10 le xoMa enie BaÓin&ca; Tim 6oiie, ^ro esponeftoB npoxoisan uoiuoeaTBCJi ee- 
npiiQiannai ^mcsanBHiui ibroiaifB, h iraorie esponeftcsie yhbobbhbh, no npesHeMj 
s<)<7mB Coaiiia sajosanu xapom his nps o^eBixHofi BecnocoÓHOcni ki x^y. Os 
xpjTol cTopoBH, xy<i)rnMaB€RÍd j^HaTBSMi soo6mfi pasropaicfl nocJilxHle roxH, a Be- 
^^ BoiymeBÍe ýpaBiiysoBi npoTBBi TyBHca ioxsho óaio xftn exy bobhí Toinen. 
^ Kin rftxi, xiflTeufliu npOMHmjieBBBj CBomeflúi ci Esponoft xo tasoft creuesH 
Mia n nioTb ■ spoBb erHnercBaro Baceieflú, ■ MaTepianBoe ero nojoxeBÍe msi 
yiyuuocb n oocjixBie ipi roxa, 6iaroxapa asno-^^paBiiyacKOMy 4>aHaBC0B0By kob- 
^n, ^To Bce TpyxBBiecofl h khpoidÓbboc OTmaTByiocii 6u on saTiaBBofi ciiyTH 
*<^ (« He crpaxi immoř h BapBapcaoft pacnpaBH. IIpOAsiesia BaiuoBajiBaro caMO- 
^^^ama i xocroHBCTBa, KOBeneo, xocToftau noompeflUi ho vb EraoTi ohh Moryn pas- 
**5ca I oipioByn toabo noxs saniHTOĚ Espoaii; a vs xftBHom ciyvat BaiuoBaiii- 
»B 8BBBaiev& npKKpHBaeTCfl caMBĚ naryÓBjít b BOdxyrHtejBBHft bbxi» x^cnoTBaBa — 
6yiHofi CTOiBHHoi saaapBB, sario Tpe6yx)mefi hbhobi b xesen, lasxo- 
BBuuuaoDieft aoBoe DpoTflBoo6i^ecTBeHHHe niaHu b OTEt^aDii^efi sacHJiieBi sa 
^^9tp> 9€0BXKy Ki en o^^ys^aBÚo. 

TOB* Tf.— Cbhtjbpb, 1882. 10 



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146 BMmsb uroBB. 

BOCTB — pipojL ]^o6pofi!bieJb xase n xyiLOBHom coejiOBiH cyx^tt. ^ 
H Boo6^ei vh MaroMeraHCBsxi crpaflaxii apidfl hihobhbilobi ecn 
Bcero Han^e pasCofiHBqBfl maiBa ce rnsHicH mHpoRHMH pass&TBje- 
iduiXH, 910 Hapox^ (^esnoMoiuHO ot ffiB% efi Haseprsy. Teflepan- 
rytfepHaTopu mjuLism^ vh spafl cl i^&iofi opxol xhd^hhkobi, b 
BC& OHB dojKHCHu o(k)raTBTBCfl 6hicipOj noTdify ^ro Besopb ůyfyrh 
BaM^nieHH xpyrHiai, TasE naKB npoxasa nim— oxna isib raas- 
MUTh ciaTeft xoxoxa na ac^xi eTyneHBX*B iepapxÍB. BosMoauiocrB 
cyo^ecTBOBaHifl TaBoro npaBBiejiBcxBa q&sacesíw^^ BOHeneOi noMHico 
peaBrÍB| caiiHirE ero ÓescBJíieirB — BsasiiHOcrBK) ÓessaBOHÍB. MoasHO 
noxBeprByTBCfl p, ero CTopoHH Bceny; ho voarao b ce0ft Bce npo- 
TBRE Hero noBBOJuiTB — B 8Ty nocjrixHiaD BOSMoasBOcrb oón^ecTBa, 
CTOfln^iB Ha Jšsvícmowb ypoBH^ pasBaria, i^imm Bcero Bmne, 
BaB^E 6ii FB Haxesx^» ^to npn BsasiiHoicb oóuibwb xaBHXB ycjyrx 
OHH ocTanyrcfl vh Bnroxi. EaBi 6ii hh Óqjio, He nox^esHn co- 
MHÍHÍB)y HTO xAse npEEfliexECTBo Ch TaxHMH HeMon^HiiMH opyxuixB 
B08xificTBÍfl H Ch laBBMi HeHCBpeHHBKi oTHomemeMi iTB esponeS- 
CBBMi BxefliTb, Eas^E Typei^Boe, Bce-iaBH osa^iBa^CB noiesaHiTE, 
Bce-TaKB AOciBraeri nox^ BjiiaBÍeirB araxi Bxeft H^BoropiorB no- 
jesHuxi pesyuTaTOBi. IIoxb pyROH> lypsoBi HaB6oiše xbbU npo- 
BEjeHÍB ^HaTBSMa OTT£cHBK)TCfl vb vjiy6h nycTHHB^ CHomeHÍB o6xer- 
nesuj HpaBH cTanoBATOi Mamě, ÓjiarococxoBHie MiciaMH poders, 
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ISCI^XOBifllfl 1«PHSH. 147 

u iioffiŘ A&K>TB noHfliie o cocTOamn puHBa... Ho 17 se Ufli^pj 
1200 Hei.; PojB^cx, co cjoro ^paHiQrsa Go^ej&e, ;^aerB a^ 
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JDXeft BBOXflTl Bl rOpOA^ H09BK), HO OAHHOHK&, HeneXJKeHHO B£I- 

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ucío BXh ocBOHHXB, oxqepo MHorie hsx hbx^e yMepjE (Sahara and 
Sndan, 685). 

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fiasanie bojabocxh sa^a^H, npe^cxofl^eB Eeponi, h oopaB^aníe 
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upniHeme; ho kl cnacxiio xenepB cb sasAHirB ahoitb pocxers 

npiXHBl AOtípHXl CHJIX, SOXOpUfl BX BOpOXBOO BpeMfl yCH^JH Cfíb- 

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SXMTOi MUCIB, 9X0 (k)pOXBCJI AOJSHO, H 9X0 yCH^Xl AOCXHSHMX 

He Hyreví Hacnáui, a nyxeifB xpy^a, nyxeMx ocďsaxejiBHaro Aosa- 
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w^ noByjia HpHSHanb xojibbo bi TJíy6íiEÍ Caxapu, BHx^BHieK 
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HJlOTHTBCfl VB SH8HB, XaTB efi HOBOe HaTipaB.ieHÍe. Á')^8CTBHTeJBH0^ 
*) Cm. mne: 4«Bpan, 719 crp. 

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aero nojj^anrca Aft^eso ae yrtuuiTeuHHe. 

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Baaaro BeycrpotcTBa, ^ůifMOcn a aecoaepmeacTBa namet 






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150 Btcnsm BBFonH. 

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lenepB ero BxíflHie Ea name oCn^^cTBessoe pasBEiie. 

Mu rOBOpBJE XO CEX^B nOp'B o BOBMOaBEOCTE nOBB^eHÍfl BCSpOH- 



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nn fl MeflUiiJA ' i vMjAfflWteMŘ homfo ciaB«io^tfucT&a. Ho 
qw WBKĚ, He (decmteft cepwsaaxh o5pa80BaQievB nytf- 
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152 noram iBPoni. 

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roBopa o BjiaHiA HOBO-ciaBaHo^uBCKBXi TéBffiWEÍi vh nevaTB, mu 
ecrecTBeHHo xojishu HCBaiE ^airoBi xapasrepa npomonoioxHaro, 
T.-e. o6paateflia «3anaxHBK0BB» vb «aiaBaHo^uon». Ilepepoflie 
se BCD Hamy uTeparypy nooAxHiro BpeMeni, h bh HaIxeTe 
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cep^esHO AyMaiODteiiy o cpexcraaxB aamero o6iitecTBeRHaro pasBiTÍi. 

Ehu, BOHe^HOi H doAe acHui saBoeBaHÍa ciaBaHo^HJiCTBa 
BB sanaxHH^ecKOMB jarepi. Bcft bxb, oxHaBo, mosho cb xocto- 
B^pHocTBH) nepec^HTaiB no naabi^aMB h jíjuhme XByxB-rpexB ^eio- 
Bd^BB yttTH HeBOSMOsHO. HaMB xociaTOHHO 6yxeTB ocraHOBinci 
oco6eHHo Ha oxhomb, BecBiia tbur^hoitb, ecjH bo exracTBeHHOHB. 
He ÓyxeifB xapaKiepHBOBaTB iBiepaTypHuxB ^asioBOMifl noxotiHiin 
aHTepaTypHuxB x^ieaet. IlycTB uratejB cyxan no <|^STa», 
nycTB ^aKTu roBopatB caím sa cetfa. 

PeBHOcnr&tmBiiB nposejatoMB AocToescsaro h «PycH» SBaici, 
Mesxy npOHHXB r. EBrenift MapKOBB. Ohb— bctbhho TanaiecBÍl 
npBM^pB BB 9T0MB aiyHa'6. ^MaeifB, ^tro h saaBoxcTBO n ero 
X^^TeiLHOCTLX) BB BTOiíB HanpaBieHÍB BB Btfcmeft creneHH noy^i- 
TeiBBo. ^0 B08H»H0BeHÍa JwrepaTypHaro noxoxa na EBpoay i 
eaponeScRoe npocBiqeHÍe, r. EBreHiB Mapsoax xepsaica HicaojibBO 

BHHXB MB^HÍS. Ilo nOBOXy CO^BHeHÍt rpB^ .iBBa TOJCIOrOi OHB 

Be xBycMucieHHO aaiajca se tojbbo npoTBBHBaoiiB BxeaiHsaiúB 
«Hapoxa», HO ae bhx^^ bb BeiiB p^mirei&Bo aaiero. Obb 6un 
«CHJBB0 BpOTiBB TOfo pacBpocTpaBeHBaro xbíbíi, 6yxT0 BpOCTOt 
BapoxB ecTB Baaoe-TO caan^eBBoe, Benaoe cyntecTBO, nojsoe ae- 
BCHepnaeM&xB saxataoBB cajb h sxopoBBa, ne tojibko bb ^saie- 
CEOMB, Bo B BB xyxoBBOMB cmhcjí^. IIo TorxaiBfleiiy MUrtfliD 



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iRiPATyřiHk mriiii. 153 

r. MapiOBa, lasoe Boopiaie he napoxi — «hjh HBCxilníai pwco* 
pna, UH wzBfbcmoĚ npieirB xdpaiHCiOBi, oijxno saaKOMHt eo^e 
jgeBKun Bisam. Tai^on boczbaiux ^otfpoxiT&iE ;(Ksan> rep- 
nom, ^TOÓH DpenoxftTB flpaeoywaie coBpexeHHOMy pHMJtaHHey, 
mlseHHOirjr h otfesciJeHHoiíy 0iaraiiH ipiBui8aipH> (?)• TuoS 
«nBeBpi>, laxyK) «axmHcaveByi> lanisy, nodeoAumejuMyio (?) 
^Řn omcmauMMiM ujmMiNtiďnt nptMmumm^ npu lUUumuHecnoů 
fópiA»>i r. MapiOKE HazOAiurB jiinsex), ffoae BpeAHOK>| eeia oaa 
iittHaerB saiiiHm coóra) tfesnspiCTpacTHoe noHHMaHie npejpiera. 
Obi He noHJUiaii, «bi^ lem 6yj|en dra Buoora b HHCtanocrs 
Btpoxndl MaccB, ecn oi^pociTB piropBiecsifl npHBpacii», e bu- 
pisaerb cjii^anDiiiee nomiiaHie lapoxa. «Hapoxx epiB co6paflíe 
iysftBOB%, <Sa5:B, cauan h t. a. 9to ecib n uyMMMfk h <Sa6i, 
mí mojMco H ecTB bs napoxi — hh oxHOft eAHHBAet hh yeiiie, hh 
iSoiie; Hapox!B eo(ScTBeHHQ eciB otB^e^eme, oón^ift saKOHi xu mbo- 
secTBa HacTHBXi cjyiaeBi». P. MapsoBi ae orpaaauBaeTeji duňwh 
cmu <ÝHJO00^^CBBirb» onpex&ieBiem, a BHpasaen h ae XByam- 
CKBHoe npeq^aie n aapo^y. Mosao aa yBasaib aaccyi Óiaro- 
nnfaL nepexi aeK>? — cnpaoiaBaerB on, a orrtuen xaBx: «BcaoM- 
ma, saBÍa ea eBoSeiBa— oaa BcaaoMy xitBao BaaKOiui a Bc&aa 
ffMĚO ojsíbEeBa. Cioan OABoay BJioaaiiipeBaoMy ajyTy oycraiB 
Beiiasl cjyn bo speAi Heay-aatfyAB aia soMy-aa5yAB — aacca 
Doxtrnaeiea, saai Boiaii aoiaaa, a rpoaan HeaoBaaayK) roiOBy 
tmwh senpcKUM npMocydieMB: aaoca cy^an aaeaBO aaa^B duniú 
Mpb: aa pascopoca, aa pasMeaeaia, aBKasofl ocroposBOcra, aa* 
ittol oiepo^KH, oAaa apociaaa Bcauana — a sepTBa pacTepsaaa, 
suonaaa, 6poiaeaa bi oroaB bab fb BO^y. Hcyxib, a aaaaB oah- 
BUGBO saBoraKu*... Ol laKars apeEpacaaxi cropoai peaoMeaAO- 
nn aapoxB r. MapaoBi, — ion caaiiS r. MapaoBi, aoropEil laai 
AfiMso nozBaueiea cbobmi Baaaieax aapoxa^ n aa^ecTBi ayp- 
CBaro aoMinpiai aeajeBiftx^iia- IIoBaTao, ^to aa r. MapsoBa 
•iiflca aapox^ apoasBOxaia Bcer^a saaoe-TO craxilaoe BaeiaTa:b- 
w, n aofopoMi xeaibe acero yBasaiia a 6oÁÍe Bcero ysaca^, 
UR roBopan oai. F. MapaoBi saaen a yBasaerb aayD <cajy^y 
wnDBiyio 8iy aaepTayD rpona^y; wh aea-TO, ae caorpa aa mo- 
afe ayesyjH a orpoaaoe nacio, «Macea aaxoxHTca n nocioiaaoMi 
pleiBft». Taaoe nojoseaie Maem r. MapsoBi c^aiaen Baojai 
MOBamrL a pasyMaairb. Oai roBojmn: cBiiiacciaapoxa, aaK'B 
ii eiBft sBpaaro wpaoseaa, paspocranTca a otfaAao UBtdaoTCSí 
ihiaciiie xopaa cjeAfiŘ seíxs copTOBi: peiaríosauxB a noaa- 
b, uytaiux a othqeGTBeaaiai. Macca, aaai raaaai ipa- 
mrBaaen b% cetfa Bce, vtó crpeiuTca Biuista BHme ea 



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1&4 BMnDnoi iBP(«ii. 

noBepxBOcni: bcibíí Tuasn, bcixjk) cvjy, h^xobojbhtk) kochš* 
meM'h n rpiu*... Bon CMflcrBS Maeca: nycr^ ÓjaroroBton 
nepexi hbice tí, BOxy HpaMxca bth CBOflctBa, tro lacaem jo 
r. Mapsora, — «!&» xa^iBme on orot Apxaxw, on aroro joaa 
npspoAu, rtm j[yHiiie» xm h^to, h om— ^ciyra noxopHHl! — 
owh óeu^h MftiiftiiiHxi ROieéaBifi ocraerci iqiH namet érapoi rHKix» 
(ipiBHJiBaaiuB). r. MapiOBi Haxoffin canoi mcnpaMxiHWtt iio- 
cjOBHicr) HasHBannqri) rjaci sapoxa riacoxx Óonairb. Exunipi, 
cocraBJíampifl HapoffB, «To-eeTB vyaaHX%, coíHan^ ((a6a» h np. 
Bcerxa Hose jiiDxeft oÍ5pa80BanEaro oociOBia. 

r. MapBOBy ecreciBeHHO speAOraBJuiaBCL HisoTopiia bo^muu- 
HÍ&y H 0H*& MjApo bx'b npeAycxaTpvBaen n ospoBqpraen. «^xo 
Tasoe jM% ifyauBa?» Hanpímipt. Ilonifo jme orpaHiraeHBMn 
e|)epsr erp x^iejBHocTH («Bce o eeúi^ o CBoeft h95^ o oeoiet 
6a6i, xa o CBoet TeJiymsí !>..), ■ bi HeS-ro o«b tojbbo <cxk- 
pHn, cBpoen, o^Maffen, b bcí TorxaroBopm: yneai, meniia, 
ero ne npoBexeiHB^. Ho wbj^b h ^jbcbiv^ yuiefrb nperBopancx 
MepTBOH), hto6h sapítean BypBiQr». AE>Ke dribuoRB xysBBs jwanb 
n Tom, HTÓ npiBiiBS xi^an es soboob Btea: kl Hen «iMe- 
jeeMMdA cnocůÚHoemb paCowM^ koko y Áína$a%o vj^nm nopaxoíHOf 
nopoxH nacoixcTBeHHafl choco^hoctb j^^smy CTOtiBy». Mfircnn 
Hys]tB'B H 8Haen ne exHHH^Bo^ a BceK> xaccox>: otipi sami ne 
rjyHÍe naa ($iijih h np.^—Bon ero HCBiDvreiBHHB, MHCJOiwn* 
HHt npoivBCíTb. OsB ynBpaerci HnesHO noofony isgfí/rvwb bcibeto 
HOBOBBexeHifl. noTOiiy se caMOMy vb Hem h eexi^pie bi HKreji- 
jiHreH]](in: «tiapBHi HaraajrB Borxa-ro crpaxy — ^Bon h nieTHHHicf 
Tenepb MysBSE npoTBFB Bcero, Trb na tfapKHa Boxose>. Bci no- 
HflTÍfl MyxHBa otis o(kqeciBeHBfi[X'B orHomeHÍflx^ ysiaxHBaiorca wh 
cj'ixyH)ii{ifl npaBHja: «BaBuca*iipoxaieal aiesa — nx.-h noBBHyflca, — 
iQ)OTeem Hin». Eoie HpeBpacHie B8o5paiuuoica r. MapaoBiim 
BCToiws^ecBÍfl cyxBt^H pyccBaro sapoxa: «OFJU[HBiecB nasaxi, vh 
HCTopÍH): Abjí^B IlepBOBBaHHiift, roBopm, 8aeiaii» aa Pyen BBaci 
H napeHBe vh (JaHnxx; xqmuo 1800 jÁn— b Bce-^^BB y pyc- 
csaro MyxBBa mMhHO u ecm^ doópoňo^ ^ro BsacřB xb ey65oTHiB 
6fiHfl FB neu, XB B86a no iq)eKHeMy sanem naxHerB». Ho x^ 
BOJiBHO. 6ci 9TE ^DoxejoivecBia BpaooTii» r. Ebt. MapB(^a Aotfo- 
nuTCTByioniill natxen bi «CoiBaeflíflx&» saniero aatopa, bbxu- 
HHx^B Bi 1877 roxy^ B (Sh iipeXBCxOBieirB OTB 1876 roia! 

He MHoro, OBasBiBacTCB^ nyseo Óiiio BpeiceHBi ^roós paxB- 
BaxBHO BBiritoBTB hoSmúsl t. Mi^NiOBa, mBCBauBHHfl, npBBxa, npesuBi 

HO CBHBipOHHpOBaHHHfl tlOXnHeBB) BBTOpB eo^e Tltt& BeXBBHO. HpH 

noflBjJteBÍB «PycB», yBipBBH^eft vh HeotiaiiaflHiixi xoeroBHCisax^B 



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pyeeiaro Hapoxu, Rasi cyiqecTByioiitaro HUH^t tekl h HCTopB^re* 
esaro, r. MapKOBi npHBi^TCTBOBajii cron cxokbjio » ero B088p'&* 
idfliiH «]f0CB0BcsyK> mBOJiy» ch oÓhhhhmi spacHopi^HieiffB. &b meS: 
€io8 SHESB^ ^PyocBofi Pim» sa spomaiifi roxi nosBHJiacb jme 
CMM r. E. MapKOBa: <npHpoAaHyxonU»»8aiiÍHaTegcBHa2 HiceHHo 
ipatneft npoTBBonojiosHOCTBio upoBOXEniixi bi neft Bosapiiiifi es 
npesHEME mbíbíamh asTopa. 

B% »ro8 craiBi aBiop^B yace opoTHVB Bcero «eBponeficBaro»^ 
I BB BHenieft creneHH sa HapoxB. ÚpaBxa, vb Heft Bce yKJioHTOBO 
I HeflCHO, oxnaBo se, pyccBift HapoA'B flaiserca kb neS cb «yxi' 
sineiBHOft BBOHOMHHecBOft j^inROCTBH), HanoxHflioiiieft xyTh ÓesnpH" 
crpacTHaro Ha(}iH)xaTeifl ne cJaÓOHepBHHicB seHCTBeHHBurB cocrpa- 
HHÍeMi, a nyBCTBOiTB tfojQXKrrH h orpaxH nepexi spijffoteirB ae- 
Bdoovucoft, Heno<$iXHiioft hh^mi, naj^B bcÍms xopsecTByianteft, 
osHeHEOft CHJH ^ejOB^sa**.. Hapo^ sxícb cpaBHHBaercfl yse ne 

Cl JEHCBIfaME, He CX XnHMB 36ÍpfllíH, Se CB rHflJiOB TpflCHHOft^ 

saeacHBaK>ii(e9 TajaHru^ h ne cb jigraBiiMB n^enBaMH, oxapeHHEiMB 

lUeMeflHOS CnOCOtfHOCTBK) A^BTB CTOflBy, a Cb «COCHaifH H Mosse- 
BejlBHVBOMl*, TOpHaoVHHH HB OAypiH)imefi BUGOTÍ nO OTB^CHHirS 
0(Spli[BairB, H BBTOpi ClfOTpHTB HB BBTh ^Ch yTÍnieHÍeiL'B > • Bcfl 

8a noenraecBaa Baprena HapEcoBana ch i^^jbk) BOCXETHTBCflnepejis 
«PyeBK)» BooÓnie e vb HacxsocTE nepexi MH^BÍeM^B, ixoBpecTBBHe 
n yBejiEEeEÍH seMejBHHxx BVkiMVh BOBce Ee Hys^^aioTCfl, vo 
11QX06EO «cocHairB», pacnry&tEirB no (nsibcauM^b otfpHBaM'B, MysESfB 
loseTB SBTB E 6en seiijiH. EapTHHB nojy^aercBi xificTBHTejiBso, 

BpeBOCXOXHBB: «]]1'&IIBÍS MySEBl^ fl yHEJBDIipffCB IiepeX^ HEMS 

«6q0ffB>. ?T0 Bacaercfl xo «BETejLiHT6Ei](ÍE», TBKB en^e nesaBEO 
tenseft BO Bcaoiri^ cjiy^a*! jy^me SBipootfpaaEaro Eapoxa, — oeb 
npeBpaaiaeTCB vb «xoxjiixi bhesebbobi*, saECBdiioHesieHiBecBHa 
Bamorflz^ (b^pobieo, ^apEceeEB). Tohbe spteÍB «PycE» obbbh- 
iMTci ^ECTOEEo sapoxESME'. HicBOJBBo ope^^xe (bi 1880 v.\ 
n pgx^ erBTeft, nocBEE^EEUxB npoBBBexeEÍBiťB r« OcrpoBCBaro, flfl-^ 
6fOJK6ovh OBasHBBerai yMOM^B, «Bara]ffB o&xaxaerB ^acio nams 
UeaáŘ npocTaiHmB'B». B'b ctbtbax^b 9tex'b xumerB yse npes^o* 
mm neyexh oceobbme EapoxHaro ÓyxTO 6u ({htb, OTpasEBinarocB 
IB.Bwexia^B E jqMUfBxs OcrpoBCBaro, e BEiflercfl san^ETa tbkb 

WlBBaeXHX!B «OCflOBl». Bs I^tpCTBt CBMOXypOBl QWb BEXBrB UpO- 

cpeiEríoraoHpaBCTBeHEiixi ochobi», riyÓOBO eify cemeb- 
a. Emj EpaBSTCfl EpaBcrseBEiia noBflxis, BupasaioE^flCfl vh 
XOfepE. KopEiyEOBa: «Ea lo bom (teTioniBBHa, ^o6ei e 
iiPrMHGrv^ JlfiMXWi fl evy eoropaibce, lasafl Eama xojih x$- 
lb.!«k juiYy > a cynpcKTEBi (msfi exth». H ae tojbbo spaBimrE 



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156 BMTHISS IBřOlUL 

r. MapBOBy dra noanm, — ohi flxib npiisHaen oam jia He Beo<$xo* 
ffíuwuif o^esh ocaoBai^AHo onacaacL, «m>, eciH JIiotfouE nepe- 
craHyrb rytfHiB cbox) sasn, BHxoAt saiíyacB no bojí tfaTH)iiiSH sa 
Heaio5HMHXib JDxeBi to cvbn pymarcfl h Hacryiun Bpeiu 6e8-* 
iipaBÚí. r. MapKOBS CB yMEJteflieici ocraHaBJHfiaexcs nepexB oxhhitb 
131 nepconaseft OcrpoBCRarOi orpesBUBniHMCfl nepex'B DpopytfsH) noxi 
BaiflHÍeM'b KOJOKOiBHaro SBona; ohi dneprA^HO Boacraen npoTflB:B 
B3rj[flxa Ao6poaH>($OBay ^ito bi ^aBT*! aioxi Bupasuocb orcyrcrBÍe 
HcraHHoĚ H A^flTejuHofi HpaBCTfieHHOCTfl Wh Qerpi Hjbh«&. Á<>^P<>' 
juo6oB% roBopBTi: <HysB0 ^to-eeój ff, npesBuiaSnoe, spaftHeei 
HacHUCTBeHHoei xoTs ((u coBepmeHHO ÓesxojKOBoe, vrotiu orpesBiiTb 
HX'B (j[H)Aeft «TeifHaro i^apcTBaO- Hmo ($mjo Ilerpy HjBH^y sa- 
ÓpaiBoi KB opopy({& Ha Mocsbí piist HiieHHO bi to BpeMfl, Eorxa 
satfjiaroBÍCTHJíH si 8ayTpeH& — au xoro, 9to($h oiyBCTBOBaTBCa*... 
r. MapBOBi HanpoTHBi buhetl bi aroirB cjyHaftHoirb oficioflieib* 
ctbí AOBasaiejBCTfiO xorOi hto bi IleTpit Hji&h^í ($2uh xhbu na- 
uja HpaBCTBeHHOCTH, pejHiioBHaro ^lyBCTBa. RaB'b hsbícthó, no- 
jípÓEuz BOdspiaifl Ha npoflSBexenia OeipoBcsaro tfujis BucsasaHU 
H paHBme nncaTejiAiiH cjaBAHO^HabCKaro HanpaBjemji. 

JIh)($oiihtho, Hes;(y npo^BM%| hto Ao6pojH>(SoB'B «He csaBan, 
H6 OTEpuj'B r. MapBOBy HBiero HOBaro»| h Bor^a ohl hobbhicb 

«(rb CBOBMB SBBUMH BpBTBHeCBBMB B^efllIB*, CaMl V. MapBOB^E^ 

^Úun yse HacioiBxo caMOcrOBTejeni mucjbk) h bojck), hto ho- 

JIOSBTaiBHO ne CO^yBCIBOBajVB H'&BOT0p0t OABOClOpOHHOCTB H HO- 

lepnaMOCTH nponoBŠXB Ao6pojK>($OBa». IIo aiOMy hoboje boshe- 
Baeix Boopoobi HOHeicy se <caM0CT0flieibHu8 mhcjbb) b bojob)* 
r. ^pBOBi Torxa se ne crapajCA pasBBCHBTB o6mfiC£By *h£bo- 

TOpofi 0AH0CT0p0HH0CTfl» ^06p0JIB)50Ba^ B BÍjíJUhM% CX&faTB 8X0 

XBaxi^aiB Atl cnycTBy— OHeBBAHO, hícbojbbo noa^Ho, Bor^a oxho- 
dopoHHÍfl B^eB Ao6pojuo6oBa ycnšu c^iiaiB CBoe x^o? Hé no- 

SBOJBŤeJBHO IB yCOMHBTBCB BB CaMOCrOBTeJBEOCTH MUCIB B BOJH 

r. MapBOBB, eueí lOse h&cbojbbo noexHo npHCoexBHBBinaroca kb 

<M0CK0BCB0ft niBOJÍ», CTOIB OMy COHyBCIBeHHOi? 

^ HeysejB se, bb caMOMB x^y bosbpíhíb r. MapaoBa tbkb 
6iicTpo fl paABBBAHo hbmíhbjbcb hoab BaÍBHÍexB MocBOBCBoft ani- 

IAKÍB? B^B TOMB-TO B A^0| HTO EÍTh. Bb XeBatfpBCBOt BflBSB& 

«PyccBOft P&iB» 3a 1880 roA'B, rpoMB «MysHBOBcrByB>nQrH>» jb* 
leparypy, r. MapBOBB BOSBpaniiaeTca bi cbobmx BSJUotfjeHHHMS 

BOBSpftHiBMl Ha HapOAB. Bb 8T0t CiaTBÍ MySBBB flBJBeTCB CHOBa 

SBipeMB, BHorxa «AotfpoAyniHUMi>. KasB npBJBTOO BciOMy Hpex* 
craBfliejíK) (SypsyasHoxB, a cobcímb ho saHMHH^ecBBX^B BxefiHax^ 
BpBHi^BnoRBi r. MapBOBi TpeiBpyeiB «Toaay» fessaiociflo. «Toifla», 



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BO ero mrtsiK), BVHOBSTa n ey1^H0CTI bo Bcen bjí^ (StiBmeii^ 
B cyiBfienjv>mfiWh vh uipb. ^CyevfbpBU romu BOinua xftse na 
GDmeHTexs: pacnHB ero! n to spenf, Bai^B sa ero nponoB^XBio 
ibK$bh h npa ni:ni tojbbo 1 2 BSÓpaHHBsoBi* h3% i^jaro napoxa*, — 
roBopan r. MapRoro, 8a6iJBa8, iro na Xpicia BoscrajiB «^pHceH», 
a He oÓMaByraji yze nocA, ÓosBJíBBai Tojroa, waofj xoxBBmaa 
sa VBM% H HCKaBinaB ero nojmemfi. TaBHirE se npei^HÍen b> 
«TOJii§»— He pyccioS tojbbo, a BOo6iqe— XBmeTB h craTBfl o bphthbí 

Sojlá, V^ ÍX)Xh€XOŘ BHBSB% «Py€CKOfi PÍVB» Sa 1881 rOXI^. ABTOpl 

roBopm o&h «0TpBiatHÍ8 Bcero ixeanHaro, o BOitapema 6&NSfi- 
peMOHHaro cCmu Ba6aYB0B%, (tesapoBi, BasapirL h ^pwL, o 
asjfMOWb BooÓpasemv paóo^aro^ o dasapHiixx ^EraxejiBXTr, o hh&- 
mmsBUT^ BHCTBHBTaxi T0iiui» H O iipo^eMi, cmfíbrencTBjv>mfiWhy 
mph onacHo f,u cjaBflBo^^HiOBi cootfn^ecTBo TaBBX'B inicaTejiei, 
XBKL r. MapxoBi. Bx Hacioanteiix rofjj nanrB aBTopi Bucry- 
Baen jme n ů6BmBemewh Bcero He-ciaBBHO$vACxaro, vh craiii 
♦CiiyTa yM0FB>. 

A BBsy TOTaTeu. npeAaK)ii]iarocB H^EOTopoiiy MeffijuiBuo. B% 
caMrai ji^i, xaKOK) JoreBoia cse^ere bu fb oaho iK^joe iiípoBOs- 

Sptete BX «HapO^> H Vh «TOXnÍ», a 0;(HOfi CTOpOHSI, H CJiaBfl- 
BO^^EnCBlfli XOTB TyícaHHHfi, HO BHOJHŠ OnTHMBCTHHeCBÍft BBrJIBX^ 

n napoxB — ci xpyndl? CRposaeica ih bi caaBBHO^BjncBHXi toh- 
xeHiiiarB BHCOBOMipHoe ornonieHie xi napo^, hih Bipa vb na* 
poxi CBOfteTBeHHa wn GypsyasHO-apBcroBpaTB^ecKOMy xípoBos* 

SpifliX)? ECJH B08M0XH0 XOnyCTHTB nepBOe, to TOJBKO Vh BHJQT 
CiaBaHO(|^HlBCBHXl TeHAeHIfift SatfpBTB Vh CBOH pyRH HBpOX^, Ha- 

BSBaBHiB eiiy pasHuxi «noBa3aTe.iefi nyTH». Bi rohicí kohi^obi, 

COBAwh HenpÍBTHH COOÓOfHHBB, Vh JK>HÍ T. MapBOBB. Ho eCJB 

iňm lonraecBBXi ocHOBanifl a^b Hpio6nteHÍB r. MapBOBa wh cjasn- 
m^MMhCTvyj TO-ecTB nojiHiiB ocHOBanifl npaBTHHecRiB. CjiaBaHO^BJíiB- 
CBÍB leHxeHi^H B08HHR.1H He B^epa B ne Bi 1877 roxy, b oxhbro 
r. MapROBB He 6iiJFh bxx nocjiixoBaTejieMx. TenepB bth Ten* 
leai^B «BrB cjiy9a%», «fe $aBopi6», h ohb BB^aeTca bxi hpbbít- 
ciBOBatB. EcTB h eH^e ÓĎJLmee ocHOBame: vh cyn^HocTBy hobo* 
caiMHo^iBCBoe yieHÍe pa8A'&xflerB MHoria bhojihí tfypsyasHiifl 
|ia desideria: b to h xpyria ne xotbtb yBejHneHÍB RpecTBBHCRBxi 
nx^ORBy H TO H xpyria MeHraBnrB o pyROBOXBTejaxB HapoxHBXB 

m <JBBHIIXl MŤCTHUrB BOM JOBJíaX^ JBI^eBB » , XOTBTB aBTOHOBHlIXl 

WM^HCBvinrB yisAOVhj vfib hosho CBotfoxno b npocropHO sanaiBca 
aiinieirB na napoxB b np., h np. IIoHflTHO, ^ro hh oxhhb npex* 
atmejB (SypsyasiH ho oTRaseica otb noxotfouxx ÓjarB. H botb 
mMnMo — npoTHBoecreCTBeHHaB xpy>^ cjiaBBHO^HioBi ch Rpinocr- 



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158 nmoai iBřonii. 

HHsaMH H o6CKypAHTaM0, OTCioxa H ^yxoBnn^Hafl HenociixoBftTen- 

HOCTB BOSSp^flift r. MapSOBa, «CaMOCTOJ(TeJIBHOI0 MBrCJIBH>HBOXeK)», 

tra BHCBasHBaioniarocA boojihí jsnmB npn BecBMa yxoÓHHXi cjiy- 

He saBHAHa, san bhxhtb HHiaxaiB, no6ÍAa cjiaBAHo^iLiBCTBa, 
He HHTepecHO BaBoeBaHÍe CHHnaTifi r. EereHifl MapKOBa. He 6oAÍe 
saBE^HO npHcoexHHeHÍe r. npo^^eccopa Opecra MBuepa, npex* 
craBďaioiuaro BTopofl thitb nposejiETOB^ noBaro cjaBflHO^niBCTBa. 
^'bflTeiBHOCTb npo41>eccopa OTiH^aercfl, Bnpo^eM^Bi sairi^aTeJiBHsnrB 
OAHOoGpasieiTB) oo^th HCUfOHHrejiBBO noBTopeníeirB nepexoBHSB 
craTett «PycH» wb paseiixi o6D[tecTBax'B, hsi hhxi se nepsoe — 
cjiaBflHC&oe 6jiaroTBopHTe:[BHoe. Ha sypnaiBEoft apeaš (tb oco6eH- 
HiiiTB BejHKajinieMi ohi BticTynH.3i b^ «Pycciu>fiMEiCd[H» (1880, 
^HBapb), npocTOAyiBHO shíap^^ b'b HATaiejfl mucjib, mío Poccui Bdbwb 
otfflsaHa cjaBaBO^HiaiTB h no «8anaxHHBH» toibibo iitmaiH) saBE- 
AOBajE E EEHero se nosEMajiE. ^Bi sanaAsaxi Ba cjiaBEEO^EJOBx — 
nEcajTB oh:b Torxa, — ^acro aceo cjmmETCJi saiaeflEoe: Bartlu ryrB 
mUj a ue mu». Ecjie se e BCTpi^aH>TCE rojioca, vs ROTopEixi 
<se sByHflrB era soxa peenocmu uau saeucmu^j to cBasHBaerrcfl 
vb sEXi «BaBoe-To ECRpeflHee sanoAOBpEBaEÍe cjiaBflEe^EJiBcrBa 
BB qeMi-TO TaBOMi, 9T0 AOJsso senpesT^BHo npeTETB>... Ctojib 
tíjiecTflniiee noBEiiaBie sanaxBHHecRHXi TeneBÍfi mhoie caiio yse 
no ce&b enocotfEo yBasaiB, ci saBEAťB EEcaieieMB Eiri^eiB ffkio 
HETaiaiB. HcTopifl jETepaiypsofl x^fliejBEOCTE no^xesBaro npoj^ec- 
copa en^e (JjiEse o(h»flCBEeTB xbjLo. Ha^aj^B obi ee dBaneBETofi 
«HpaBCTBeBBOfi CTExíefi vh nod9ÍE», B^BorAa pasoópaBBOĚ ^06- 
pojiH)(k)BBiu'B; orB 8Toro npoflSBeAeflifl r. OpecrB MfljjiepB Bnocj^A* 
CTBÍfl nyÓJE^BO OTBasajcfl'. 3aiÍM'B B^BOTopoe BpeME npo^ccopi 
cnrajicfl vh pExaxi jnofiEiejiefi esponeficsaro npocB^n^eBÍfl^ moseo 
caasaTB — bohte BanaxBBBOBii. Hhbš OBib nomifi cjiaBEEO^EjrB, 
paBA^^sflion^ifi to BeJBKoe MflÍBÍe, hto BapoffB saiEB yse e TaB% 
AOcraTO^BO ^opocsiB^pBi E o6pa30BaBB», a sana^BERE — Tynoyn- 
BHe J1K)AE, saBExyEon^ie cj[aBflflo<]^EjiiBCTBy... 

Jía, Be 6jíecTSímji — noBTopfleMx — saBOOBaflifl BOBaro cjaBSBo* 
4»Ej[BCTBa vb yMCTBeBBofi 6opB6^, EBfB sati^flEBoS. «PycB» ocraercfl 
xo CExi nopi OAEBOROft. H^efiBafl tfesBJOXBocTB arflTaiiiiE noxTBep- 
Aflia TOJiBRo AaBBo yse cymiecTBOBaBnriff ^aRrB, hto x«Ka oómfi- 
CTBa Bamero npoBuo BpeMJi «cjiaBiíBO^HJBCTBi» e «3aBaxBEiecTB%». 
Bb A^fiCTBBTejBBOciE, vb flameMis TenepeniBeMi o6n^ecTBÍ e b^^ 

^ECTHXl Sana^BEROB^B, RaRl B^TB HECTtlXl C^aBflBO^EJTOBl, E CaHHft 

ocBOBBofi nyBRTB BOBaro cjiaBEBO^EXBCTBa — «BapoABEHecTBo» — npeff • 
craBjwerB, crojbro 6h bc oiRpeníEBajiacB orB 3Toro «PycB», cro- 



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niSFiTyPIHI IXníHIA. 159 

pte Beero sanaAmnecioe lewHÍe, mre hh yse roBopajH o&h 
9io». 3a TO ecxB y Hac& hsihí «soHcepBa3x>pii», viipHie o^csy- 
paasHy H npOTpeccHCTH, gtopohhbbb pe4K)pirB. Bi oO&nib amxi 
napřímí eeiL sjíeMeHni Bno;iff6 CypsyaBHáro CBoBciBa, m^ soto- 
piixi «Hapoxi»— -npasxHO Bpaii^aH)ii]ieeca fi» ycrax^B cjobo. Hobo- 

CaaBHHO^HJIBCTBOi OTJHHaK)IAeeCfl OAHOft 10JIBR0 HCRJ[H)9HTeJIBH0Ě 

^epTox) — cxpeMJenieifi vh noiBTHHecRoify h HpaBciBeHHOMy o&h- 
e/fmemo exasaffE, {neptcA ne qysxot, OAsaso, mhothitb h ne- 
ciaBaHO^uam)! no Bcexy cMHCjy CBoero y^eida aBuerca ciopoH- 
usoMi KOHcepBaropoKB H HH RB BaBOiTB cjiyHaš ne aapoxa. 
EopBÓa, BostfysxeHHafl emi^,— HHcro-nonrHHeeBaro CBOficiBai Burox- 
earo x^a Tan HaBHBaeirarB ^upaBam^iorB uaceoBi*, vieuj hb* 

emiBKO HO Iip0n[B0pÍHH1!B 6opB6a npOTBRB <HHHOBHHVeeTBa» — , 
«tiDpOKpaTÍE». BOTB UOTOlfy-TO Vh pBX^ HOB0CiaBflH0$U0Bl TOKI 

(aorao H CTOHOBarca r. MapsoBii xJia <OTcnHBaHÍa hbbšcthhx^b 
npraifHnra^ b!b noiexnecsofi 6opB6i». Feie naxoxBJí kb iiipš 
iiaio roJiocoBi h MHoro oxa. H ecjH cyxHiB no KOJSHecTBy h 
KateeiBy 8xa, noposxenHaro noBo-cjaBaHo^iBčíBOxii bhboxu nojsy- 
mei— noBTopaeiTB— xia nero neyrimHreiBHue, ooo6eHHO b'b BHxy 
TOTO o6cTOflTenciBa, hto HOBO-cjiaBflHO^HJBCKoe ynenie sanHiiajio 
qwBHuefBpoBannoe noiosenie, oÓxerqaBioee npnjiSBi^ b'b noMy 
Bc&n BJeMenroB^... ^npaaTHHecioncB*. 



B% -hhcjí ^jiHTepaTypnuxi MeHianifi^ o napox^, naiťBi no- 
BixiifOMy, uiffiBSULO 6b[ roBopBTB h o MHŠHÍaxi sasMHHiecBOft 
BapoxHH^iecBOfi jiHTopaTypu. Ho ona, BUBBaHHaa co^^yBCTBieMi k% 
ofie^ojeHHmrB tieBnpaBHiurB HapoxHiiirB Maccaiix, ne EM&ia nysxH^ 
BBCBiiSBBaTB KaTeiopHHecRHrB xapaBTepHcrHK'B napoxa h x^Bctbb- 
leiB&o Hx^B ne BucsaBUBajia. E8 HHsorxa ne cnyHajocB p^lmaTB 
Bimpoca: xoierB jni esb ne xonerB Hapox'B rocyxapcxBOBaTB, exBH- 
crseHHHfi JH HJH ne exneciBenHLifi oe% hctouhkb h nocHieJB 
caxoSHTHOfi pyccBOft npaBxu, b np. Biipasaa CBoe co^yBCiBie na- 
PQQF H erpeiuenie noHAiB ero — no^in HCUiOHHTejLBHO nyiem 6eji- 

[ ero 6iim, tiejMerpHCTu-HapoxHiiKH 

BpflTBHecsift pa8(k)p'B Bxi npofls- 

linifl q napox^. IIpaioMi 9&e b^ 

B8i Tasixi npoBdBexenift HoryrB 

MH aBTopu^ pocya oxHHasoBHa Rap- 

jorB Hxi pasjíHHHO. %6 iioserB 

OTHomenia b'b napoxy rr. Tjiitfa 

Boo6o](e roBOpfl, n btoS c^p^ 



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160 neTEni nroBB. 

jHrepaiypu npeo6jaj(ierL nou mcuwnvreihwo cmpeuMnie nmmm 
BapoxHyK) AyiD7i a Hasasi ne saaaHie HaMsaTK ^rrareun 
i3B&CTHi«[ UTeropH^ecKifl BOff^HÍa BE Hapoxi. nooTOiiy Ham ci 
tfeJjerpBCTB^ecKofi Bapoxn^ecaoB mrepaTypoio xlian noaa ae^ero. 

Y. — AtiCTBHTeiBHOCTB B ex dajiau. 

^To Taaoe A^ficxBBrejBHui, HacTMopB, se ^Hracmecsitt pyc-^ 
csifi Hapoxi»? BesopHiiipHHtt no CBoei rpy^HOcri, aron Bonpoci 
XonyoBaerB, no nexodaTomocTH n nporoBopivHBOCTH xaHErsr&y n 
SBrcmefi cienenH pasHopinsHiie otvíth. H nin nnero yx^anreu- 
naro, ^to x^a Aoc^ooBcaaro napox^ 6hxb oxbo, x^a r. Mapcosa — 
xiaMerpaiBHO npoiBBonojiosBoe, noroiiy ^to Baxxiiit aois^d 

6íJJFh CyXBTL fleifX BOHTB BCRjroHBieJIKBO fla OCaOBasÍH JU^BHTb 

BneMTi^&BÍt, na ocflOBaBÍH CBoero ^tiieKTBBBaro ^TBOiea, npEna- 
Maa sa «Bapox:B» j^btomeí CBoero coÓcrseBBaro BOotfpaseB|a, aa- 
xoxa KB není no sejasiK) npBcyrcTBie bjib orcyrcrúe xixi bjih 
xpyTBXi cBofiaRL B Ba^ecm. Hb ZBaia, bb nopBi^sie sapoxa, 
coaxatiBiia aa tbbbxi maTBBX!& ocnoBaniazi, ae aa^urB cimcia 
npocTO yse noioify, ^to xoBBOiBieibBO a caasa Ba^ecrsa a cboí- 
CTBa 8TB i^BBTb B noBBaaTB pasiBHBO. Tan, JíflcswBcnouy oco- 
Óeaao spaBBjrecB b% aapox'i «TepnÍBÍa» a «CMBpeaie». Mes^y 
rkwb 8TB caapaufl a j^BBBtifl BanecTBa aa bb sasoirB cjiyni 
ae MoryTB 6uTb apasnaaii oCmecmeennuMU xot^pox^TeuMa: bbaítb 
8J0 a ae npoTBBOX&ficTBOBaTB eay, ae san^ao^TB cbobz^b apavB — 
snanan nopn^paiB noHTa (Jedrpaaawoe pasBaiie otfnieerBeHaoi 
aenpaBXH. R% necm pyccsaro aapoxa, saaÍTHirB, a btb saneciBa 
ero ae 6ojíiej bbicb ^aiaBifl: najiopoccifiCBoe BOsa^eciBO ci^ ero 
cypwHMB CBOIcTBaMB B bíboboB ÓopBÓofi npOTBBB BaCBIBCTBea* 
aaro BTC^seaia HysxurB aa^an sasBa, Boisesas BOiBaaqn, 
pacBOjrB a xpyna BBJíeaia aapoxaoi saaaa ae CBax%TejiBCTByB>n 
O BasowB-TO 6e8KoaeHaoirB CMapenia a Tepniaia. 

fl^ijío xase a ae FB aeocaoBaxejíBaociB oryAaofi XBajut bjb 
nopfli^kaia aapoxa, a fb aesoBaosBocra axi. Hapox^ — ^^asTB 
cjianiBOiii fiojBmofl a cjosaufl, hto($ei xonycBaxB laaoe OTBomeaie 
El ceůb. Bi aapoxi ecxB Bcero: aeiBsa cicasaTB, ^lo lasoft-TO aa* 
poxib HBciewhy jH)tfBrB npaBxy, aia bí^to noxoóaoe. Bi aapoxt 
ecTB a HecTBue jiKqtB} a ae ^ecraiie, yaaue a riynue, npaBxaaiw 
a aeapaBXBBHe, TepníjiaBue a aerepniiaBue, aasi x&sae bb oxaoit 
cenBi ÓuBíODTh coBepaieaBO pasjía^aiie no apaBCTBeaBiiai a yii- 
CTBeaaHMx BanecTBaMi jiH)Xa. H bto nošen CBasaTB, iq^eo&ia- 
xaK>rB JB vh flapox'6 xoponrie 8xeaeaTH bjb xypnve? E^XBBCTBeH- 



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jnTBPJBímnL n>mBf . 161 

Hid enocofo cjm^msi o aapoijbi o ^ro Mftcemofi^ coÓiparftiBHOft 
ciii*-cnooo<hk iCTopswcBÍt, ROivia pwcMtapBBaiOTca x^shía luqM^xa, 

PO^ K OpqMWH Ba iieJOBÉMU 

Apuie een (hi mu h aaan ^ftfeTBBxaiKHO xaiecTM Hapojca h 
nom te wnycuTb ns BceotfnurocTB, npKBWKesHocrb nenpe- 
i xtoio BEJMOny OTxbJiBBOify npexcmtnejix) ero, to u xorxa mu 
I Be mo^a 6u upmfjn vh jaaumy-Bm6yfí^ (mpe^esBimy víbiouy 
i^cKCttBjeHiia o Bapoxb* Tass, BpexooiosHBiiH napoxi HpaB* 
crBeBHiui:^ mu wh qrqaocra ysiian 6« se mmofm: HpaBCTBea- 
Bom — ToiMO ^pma, Aonycsattiitafl paaiHiHoe ooxepsaHíe; ae- 
jiDBjeiBopeHHaa cob^b — toibro hjbcíbo BemcaoMBeBmro xcjtra, 
soonaBie xeraparo omxB paajBfHO. rgb-MBŮysb fb nmpoBHzi 
aewaa AMepasB emaeica ^^b&mctbh) w(!íiib b pasBimaTB ne- 
pex& suffiqeiii lan moobho Óomne «iOBÍiecBHZ% meBejiK^pi; 
mol eiBX& AOJwen ^yicTBaBerB iqpacHOBoaail xiBapB, ynycroB- 
OHl ejy^odl bbtbš^btb hjm yMepxBBTB nejOB^Ba x^us ^^ spas- 
nfeut), a Twuo ^sxw) eMy luiemmm? H btotb Bapsapesift 
otelit Be ecTB mo^Em6y» noBopooe ca» ycj»>BHO*BpaBCTBeHHofi 
ma spteii: owh npenexasJaerB 006010 tojibbo 4^aBrB CBoeoÓpaa- 
mo pasBvriM ajBTpyHcnqeeun lyscssi, ob^ BUdBasi saÓOTott 
o toipaBeniH h CBjri^ CBoero BLieMesM; HerpedieBie q^ara— ycjyra 
pcNQf. Kio ase MOsen, Ha ocHOsaBÍB btoto otiu^aii, sbuidutb o 609* 
HpificiBeHBocn i\Éjiaro lueMna, a Mes^y tIut> BcasiK BM'6erB 
opiBS ttURraiTB o m^mmd ypoeufk npíue$Meimbipp6 nouHrniú 
eru« MfioroiKjeBHua CBBA^bieiBcrBa noATsepAsrB, hto BpaeHOsBO- 
Bii MepBBaBeq> xbŘcxBKtejoMQ tojbro HeBtxecnieHi h noroMy 
xeeiOBiy ho ho (SeaspaBCTBOHi; lexoBteB lott se pacu, ^noci*]^- 
Hii m MorasasB* sBuecca b% BBvkn^HOMi poMaffb rjyóoso 

COaUBlBOK) JHHHOCTBIO. $aRTU CiaJIBaBpOBaBÍiI ÚyjLyTb roBo- 

pm coBc&n H6 o «AyHi&» lejOBima, a o nepaBBBTocTH ero 
yia. 3aifiMTejBfio npeiom, no cuBHiĚmie yMexBeHHO h npaB- 
CMEBO npexcfaBHTejiH oieMeHH Bcer^a h 6yjíyn BUxaioii^flMBar, 
PMoemiĚiBíMH HCBOJHHTejiiiii BiecTOBaro Bejť&ma o^unaB. Ho 

38Kb H6 Ba ^Wb nVb XUeSO XQXBTB BB OpflMÍpaMH. BOBJB BB- 

cTtf «BBo xOBaBHBBJí, 9to EBMÓojAe leoiHue B ipaBGTBeHHue B8Uq- 
BQB Ůujuí HaB&ui^ poBoocTBUMB roHHxejiBMB BupociaBiDaro zpfl- 
cQBBeTBa. He soAiesHirB comhí^bíb), mto caMue B&eciOBÍe bhbbb- 
MopB tiuBaiH caMUMH peBHocTHUMB npHBepseHitaMB xpBcriaHCTBa; 
iwfiatie sasqrn^ BŠwaro cnaceHÍa noAs^a^iBaiH apobb noxi» 
Mcq^ Ba Bompuxi csBnuaiCB jy^mie npex^BBBxeJiB nejOB^qe- 

QHIh ObOBOMS, BeXQBOJIBHO OOBaTB, HTO ^eJ0BtB'B9 B TÍM'B CO" 
Tw» v.— CraiaiPi, 1888. 11 



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162 nenm ibíodl 

jie MMpoxhj HpaBCTBeB'^, sysno CMMWthj MXh off& Eptacreen, 
5« ^feM oocioan ero npaečměeHímji nouHrnÍM. FyiiaHHoe pisra- 
rie— ne 4^put h cocTOsn mmcheo n ion, iro xaen qejK>Blty 
Óojše pasyMHtii npe^craaieBii o npuan h oiSnaBsocTin ^e- 
jOBÍRa, HairpaBjuerb ^eiOBÍiecBifl lyBcrsa h, conacHo c% wm, 
npeo6pa80BHBMn 6un. Bi pyccioA jmshh mh celua se aaioxin 
npiictpEi noAOÓHaro se pojia: otfeaotfpasBBOutt, BsystuBsiíi oe(h 
CBonem GOBepoBJí no ero cytiiesTBBHOMy lyBcniy xodiedsiit 
noABpny coBim ero yxQuerBopeHa; a mu ocuaevb ero aa 9io 
npocToe BeBÍbsecTW, sa BepasBnocxB HpaBCTBeHBBXi noHaril — n 
CatfBpb. Kfo BpaBCTBeflBie nociyoaen bs Atnom cjqriai — Hpe- 
AOcraBjfleMi cytunh ^BraienK 

H lavB, vb cepbesHOiii^ BOBpeci, aorAa roaopm o ujlMn 
Hapoxi vh ero nponuoirB, Hacfoia^m a ůjfjmfim%j BenotBoii- 
lejBHO oTA^HBaTBca oÓmĚMu ^^patan o *jíjbA» mpWh o je- 
xan^xi B% Bel saxaisaxi Bejusaro tfyjtyoM^ro, o ea «BceieiO- 
BÍ^HOCTH» H Dp., BOioicy HTO fjkm/b H caiiaa «BoeYeiOBbiBocT&», 
BCflBÍa ajbTpyHCTBtecBia qyacfBa vh fíbfksBwteihBůctm Moryn npB- 
BBTb ypoxuB^lmia ^pmi pasBana, aanojHBnca camiira pagBO- 
otfpasHHiTB B ae Bcerxa xopomBirB oojiepsasien. yiiflieHie ne- 
peAi «xyiii0K)» Bapo^a, ony&inoBiiBaeiioe bo Bceotfni^ ea^xk- 
BÍe, Mosen CBBX^iei&CTBOBaib o ^jbctbí asiopa, no hm bi BaaoMs 
cjy^ai HO o&b jui ero. «^nia» napojia— tojuo ^^paaa, iojuo 
oxBBi pasroBopi. JÍM loro, voám zo» iio*HB<{yAb pimaxE a doxbi- 
Hyrb Bi oÓniecTBeHBOirB fjbjA, ejmeo roBopan ne o apaBcnenBias 
saiecTBaxi, a o spaBCTBeanHis nonariazi, BBpasaBmaxea w^ (Smi, 
BB DpBABHecaaxs a mapě bi otfn^ecTBeHBincE OTHomeaiixm; Hejosi 
roBopBTb TOJMO o TOMS, iTO Hapox& peiarioBOBi, noaon aftpH, 
BysHo CBasaiB en^e, bi len, bi aaaan ^piian npoaajaefca 
Bta peiarioBHOCTB, noiOMy no h paianooBOcn npa neapaBEn- 
HHXi noaanaxi oÓaiecTBeBHiixi ifosen npaaoxaTB ai Bapeoio- 
xteBcaflMi Hoiaici, vh aocrpairB anaBaBai^ía, e% eaonvecann 
óesyaiaMX a t. a* Moaano 6im no *fjm/b»^ npeBOcxojvuam w- 
wiÁkomi h npeBOcxoxBsiTB HapoA<»n» a bi^ loaseapeiia [MUBbtb 
neBUHOcaMul otfqecTBeHHiiĚ tfsin, HeaunocaMBU otfnipCTaeHaiU 
orHomeBia. Ilporpeca leioBi^ecraa ropauo MoaMne cocioan n 
ycoBepmeacTBOBania HyBcras a yxa, t&hi b% ABaseaia^ as yco- 
BepmencTBOBaaia noa.fiiit. ^Z^aait aipib npeKcraBiaen nam ao- 
pasareibnae nfNmtpu jM&n^ cuoi> eBoea> apeBOCzoABBBUxs ae- 
jaaaxi npcMcraBarejel aamaxi^ apeneai a ai^ to se Bpeaa ae 
XOcramiax^B caxaro djexeHTapaaro vh naiDe apeiu nOBaBama no- 
dopaocra paCciBa, a ApacroTeib aia^en patiCTBO n ocHoaaaie 



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imPlTfFRBA imilDA. 168 

fxeaiboafa otfnieeTBeHHaro ycrpofiCTBa bi cBoett sHaMeflEtoB «pec- 
oyftiHs£>. Korxa Hair& roBopan, ito sapoxB HanrB yMesi, entT- 
jum, lyTB JB Ae yMsie eebxx aapoAOBi^ aeKUH, mu OTBfivaem: 
tln jyvne^T— raaiHn ose caoco^eH^B csopie jtcbobte ryMaqHua 
il?v, CRopiie Bupa5oxaTB 6ojie qejiOBŠH&iifl OTHomeHÍff, ecjiH^ np^* 
noAraerei, esi eiAe ne smers hxx; ho ecjH 611 diorb ym no 
CBoeHy Hanpaajiefiii) mejii^ sa ^TO-vHtfyxB BpeAHoe au pasButifl 
o^q^BOBHaro h ecÁH ero HeBOsiiosBO 6iuo 6u o<$paTHTb sa ayi* 
mil aaxaHH, to owh ee co€TaBjiu'B 6u BuroxHaro CBofterBa aapoAa. 
XapaRTepflBOBaiB eapoxi h Hapo^Hys) sisn cjmmnoi^b (í6iB,n- 
Ml caoBaMB: «HpaBCTBeffB, juewb^ u iip.-^noBiopieir& — bobob* 
Mosflo. He KB wtowb lexoTh iieHTpB TflseerH Bonpoca b^ 
xaiHoe BpeMB. Byjtyn je HpaBcxBeHHUB, pejBrioBHiia b' oón^e* 
CTBeHHHfl CBoftetBa sapoxa zoporaa hjlb ffjptm, yuewb jib BapoffB 
UĚ BeyiieHi— CB stbitb ^btomi, vb a9mbjk> MBByry, bi cyn^* 
HOCTH Ham x^aTB sekero; ero mosbo iipasHaTB bjb oiBeprHyrBi 
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166 wuĚUOBk WKřoiaL. 

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i|aoc& Hapwy xfUcTnteiMO neotawatf^ ^lote niSteai^ nspuc., 
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■oiopop BOCgaiiBOWiici xwprt jm% *H<xp<€iett», MsecnHmsTui 
a noaot qiexB noMfsa «MfttifS xoponi n yMpenEOcn, no 
oenenui eiia HeyCiMn uporsncMiol WĚxmm; maóa Henpex- 
craBun těňé wpšj n bbxí posfll iBrjKiaHii) Imffoaift no 
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iwi». Ha ecui ji^tcraaieiiBO, poaopars o aapoxaoS «apaBXÍ» 
n oenaii aeotfxoAaMO cyaan ae nooTxt»aiarE npexcraaaiexaai 



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liTVilirflEBf SRiiHia. 169 

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170 immn nnoB. 

pasMOuwTB .xiio* y<$ilctéo mejmémwarh Myxet^ ApiMu CBOzane- 
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xaioÓH sa cBespa-tianomsy ■ Ba cMsposB, snil) JvryD, — bob 
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xtoBO mxyTh cmth^ oti^h ]ýiaia»n sasxy eo6oio xiio b oiSBaop- 
masxn pysoóme, a BesjQr tíbi m> wjbbo spociai npo^pBa, 
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uacTb ciapiiiaFO vh xo^^y kab^ tmbbo aro oxasajo^ BMMasBmn, 
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BOBHfl BoeBBaaK)rB cb Tpyj^BB. Hapo^ npexcroari Tpyj^aa aa- 
xa^a — oTHcaaTB bokia sauia aurafla, b ptoeeie ea caaolaoB^ 



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irarAffPHHf mrAiífl. 171 

ifjm6 (Se8i mmonii qmuRjDiqm Hxel. Taxi, rxfc napoxnoi 
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MDi Bapow; Ba paoMn jse m ejysm jy^nmm xovasaTeib- 
cnon, lafti xena Hap(wy npura bs safijiysxeBMn, eeaH tojmo 
Ba lenuai — n cmoomciA^ wk •esuuma rpixft> b xpyran 
sQXOfiHim flBjieHÍfx% swBi pacMunnem. 

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uiecan iiaptn <(e89paBeiBeBH0cn b nopoBB. fijk^ no ttvh^ bo 
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nfmaeh Bmi%. Ho via se bii cxiiaefie, lorxa nponBoeerecTBeB- 
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mi^ flO|K»OBi, OBB Bepocravn 6at% BopoBavB bi rjasan otfqe* 
cm, yBMvoBBaro r& aaÓjyBweBíe* H bo uši% npexeraBJMeBim 
mi npBMipan xtia ho vk yiift b ae bi HpaBciBeaHHn bb* 
itcsBOh napoxa, a Bneaso bi oro mm tííx^ BOOBiBfluix% aa 
flowft upasa b nepsothiniixi apoicmaimt o ni«pox6 b poia 
n Bdi leiOBbBa. Mu ratom npBaBtin, bto vb etMUXb Mfijqrft- 
1iaáu% mmfwaoh CBasiiBaBmi b BtotfpfaaiejfcHHfi yai, b apas- 
eneBBoe ^yBcno, an^oiee yxoBierBopeaiBi ae yxoByionopBvnteecB 
ete^BOHBoi (SesypaxBi^ei 6iiTa; bo bco bto aiteaBO a noxiBeps* 
mn mmy wmcMh. lípa btomi yxi a nom apaBcrBeaflOMi ^lyB- 
enl, aapoffE, aaia Óoaie pafyxBBXi BpaacxBeaaHxi OTBomeBÍfi 
wauij JB>xi>MB, apaxoxfln si peayjnraiaar^ bi tfojbrnaacret ciy- 
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npespiflie xo OTBasa íctb c% bbbb am oxaorotfjíDxa,— aecBBxft- 
nnenyen n o(S% ysoeia BonMaaix bbb ibiobíwcbbxi otbo- 
wnl? Ham caasyn obití>, ^to a «BaTajuBfeBi(ÍB» ae bi ca- 
ttn xo €ax% nopi BBpaÓoiarB xaae ai cbo^ cpef/k acraBao* 
cqiBBexiBBBSs oraonoBil. Ho a ofo roBopon ae bpotbbb, a aa 
tttny XHC& o Beo((ioxBaaeTB aapoxaaFO paBearii. IIpB&iefeaflHft 
9k yverix) b& otiaieerBeaBOi xbcib, aapox> apslSasan cjiamBOirB 
10 MnemeiuBn ean, vbqŮm wo ocrajoei^ He^uaofjBum^. 
[>, (wbbo, ^to n «BaTejiBraaiiii> axei eapasexiaBOCTa 
mgriBia aurposoe pasBarie; aecapaBOxuMcrb bi aeil obité 
eiopfte BpoiBBopivem o<ÍBteeTBeflBiia% noaiTiíMi, a ae 



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172 BĚOaaannwm. 

mrh BifpaceHieiis; 3j(ícb nmwriff nepepoejiH 6un^ aójekouw 
mmt HtBXopoBft anr^ioc^^e^t temterenaociff , npM»0aBifl b& e^en 
aapoxBsro TpfxA. Pasenie hohríI napoxa veoÓxoxiMo xta pas- 
ramfl cnpaBexMBOCTB H m nrayuuiBfiqjtt; passirtott mpoff& eam 
aocjrb^^BatejiBKo ycrpassn da aoisyid B<98icoaiH#OTB ams 6tifb 
Tpyxa H3H TpyAOiTE ÓmMMmsmvy juia ote^ecTBa. 

EXBa JIH STO loauMioa fraepsaatb, tro napoff^ mp^nihno 
nDHimaers asjesia o6fK8traeBHOt ■ rocyxapcTBesffOft otHMB. 3j(la 
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jmamee myiiy «bkbho speeruaMHi^ ejiysits HarjixMim xtaasa- 
teAcraoiTb etoMy. Kto ero j^fsuij ma spari — aapox^ &6 voaMn 
ptevTfc xase opiriliramNU^. Tonmo exHO naocoiM ^yBc^rao 
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asaHÍB, 6en BpoaipBB* TocyxaponaBHaB b BOBHTtieeKafl auMb 
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cjíyamr& BB^nosBOny HMannraciBy, den ero alutoiia h ooi*«ada. 
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o6n^ecTBeBHOii% €ipoft ysie noenroiiy b% Bsiciflefi CTeBeaa oq^i- 
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OTxaDomifB npBRaBaBiB, sjojMVpetfjeHit vrb DovepUH te MBoro 
maaceBi sa ^B^ecrBOBaBie. HapoR^ n CBoeS (mpoBa mmuian ůa 

HGTBBHHB npHlBBH CBOBXS 6Íbf^mÍŘ B OOUtolBO BO BepOBOOBJIS 6tt 

BeflaBBeTH vh aaoyiwiyttowapBiB Kiactbw aa cavsi oda^ecnea- 
Bufl crpol. 

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BapoxBOl <xyniB», npmaniDBiettCB vb amrs. AepeBeaeBie exoxH) 
nepexf&iii nojei — ace bto tfepeica bs xosaBarei&eTBO Boota^al- 
Boft <npaBxa», MOBan^el wh BOBniais aapoxa. Bft ecHBajiÍBÍD, 
X^BcittflTejMocn vajn) oBpaaxflmien wb 8n nonajni, b bbvb 
BsateTBO, MuoeiBHB npttstieBifl etaiíB xaa sapoxa oxana bbi 
Tin DpBcyTCTBeBBuxs ii%cn, sasais obi aiaoiva laB&Ooucf. 
OÓHBBoaeBBO BBBarb b& aroMt aecpexHaaoBi a iqieotUHeBia Bpa- 



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I 



cfierBii I T. n. H« npMcntBJimn Boopoci, noveny me «Ha- 
pWí»y eacijiuoiqit b^ bojocthiix^^ optsiattúm, Tan niccflBeH%, 
m Be MOsen HpomocrcMm Be y^jbsd oocpexnray, a ^lase b 
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6yxk mq^tKBBia, m 6j» nsciff ^ ice xopooio bobijo 6u Bib Ba^ 
poxb, HysBO Boe-iTo oraecn b aa cwn cmoro aapoxa, Ba 
cmn ero ntBaiit^ BiiwBaioniMrb BeBpaomfl aajesii n otfme- 
cneBBOt sBwv xeperaa. Aím n itmi «o rnspon BO^epBu^ 
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xeaan Taxoro nojošeBia MOBOMB^ecBarO) Kotopoe oúbo6osx&ji<> 
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ceA as BaiaiBCTBO, ob% wivh exotl b% BBirb vh Ba6aďy. 3to 

gB10BÍe BapOlKHiA BE&8BB BeOOB BÍBn>, B TOIBBO BpaBBÍe BfteaJBCTfi 

CQoeeteii orp^eiaTB ero. Cjinoe yBaseBÍe vh ÓorarerBy^ bi cbabb 
CB Bepamnocmo, b spoasBoxan Mesxy xpyrBMB npE^BsaMs 
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pi Bce wvh se oteiBut HeioBft«eBi& BipB, cb 6ora- 
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mpCTh BOBBTÍH o JB^lBOM^ XOGTOBBCTBÍ qaiOBÍfeCBOWB, fl^aBB- 

fiHMi on BapMaBa, X&aaen vh bom^b ea^ cypoBie a aenpB- 
mmň» BapTBBy «9ej[OBd^9eeBaro tfeBHejioBÍiU». 



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174 iMianopoiB. 



FoBopan, hto aeMjexinwnil Tpyjr& cair& no ct&k jrse 
BOCDKTUBMn H ^ejioiivl tMoe-To ocoÓeHBoe nonrie npaBXtiy 
KOTopoe H Haxoxan n laiNwi. Pflxom e& dmrB ofesHOWEBO 
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poAOKB H ropoxcmi sibbh, loiofoe HoiexieflHO ■ cBsamaercfly 
KMi ciopo Hejovftn ocrmBjaen sexm. Ho 9to -— npoeroe caiio- 
npoTHBOir&HBDM Hexopaqrir&BÍe. Eovb xbicrBiTejfcEO aouu i rpyx^ 
Ha Bel BOCBBiiiBaen bi Bapox'^ ooraaTejbHoe HOHirie npaBxs, 
Tt> Byxa se xtBaeiai sm spasjía, xaifi^ cBopo leiOBiBi Axen wh 
TQpOKh? BixB eejB roBopHTb o «BOCHBTBiMMom» bjIhbíh 8eifje- 
.AijBfeciaro rpyxa, to HeofizoffiMO npexnoJOSBTB, uo off&, btots 
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jiBTejeS xepeBeHCBOi BpaBjtH, BeMOXxeBBo Hc^eaaion bi ropoxi; 
H BTorB íjfUTh cam no ce<(t yate ciHxbTeACTByen o josho- 
CTB mhíbíb na cnen oeotieHBaro BocnBraiejMaro bjíibíb seiiiB. 
KavL MU CKasaiB wh xpyron iribcrk, «;mfj[B» cosxaen CBopke 
tfím, vbMx co8B«ieuByi> BpaBCTBeBBOcn. AtitCTBBreiwo, BOiue* 
xkiB^ecail rpyxi ^^amiMO coexaen dojrie cnpaBexnBHi bkoho- 
MBiecBíi OTBooeBÍi; aeiui HBiero ae xMn (Sen rpyxa, ee Bensi 
noffiynBTb b ynpocBn, Bce HysBO Bsan Tpyxom. Bi npoTBBOBO- 
josBOCTB BanBrajDiciBiecKBBrB npo^jiecdíHi, aeMU cava co6ok) 
orpasB^BBaen dsoBOMB^ecBie annerHra: ^ejOBtBi ne Mosen 
o6pa6oTaTb sevn Óoa&me, ^tas bio aysBO x« cpexnet eeMH. 
H HeiOB^Bi, npBBisaBBHft Wh no^rt, b% 8eifjexii:iB^ecB0My Tpyxy, 
caiioio npBpoxoB) b cbjod Henpeo6opBMHZ% oÓctwteMhctn cntHO- 
bbtcb Bi npaBBJuai OTBomeBÍfl si npapoxk b jnoxan. Ho bto 
fle cjíjMMTh py^aTencTBom, hto ion se ^eiOBisi, ne BMia 
eoBBaTenBun noHitifl o BpaBCTBBBBun ^eiOBinecsBxi OTBome- 
Biixi, 6yxeTb cnpaBexiBVb b BpaBCTBeRi bo Be%x% c^^epan 

XilTeJBBOCTBy Ch BOTOpHMB OVk BCTptTHTCI. H BII BBXBVB, KtO 

HeJOBtsi Bapoxa, ocraBjai wuiio, HenexieBBO se ciaBOBBTCi 
HecnpaiexiBBtiaiBm iieHOBS Bapoxa, KyaaaoMi, idpoixoMi^, npe 
crtxyfl oófl^íl xn Bdbz% bxobi^b n^aaro (LiarocoeTOflHix b Bcrpft- 
laa n Bapox* ho BenaBacrb, se npeep^BÍe, a yBaseme n cbd- 
OBy yiiy, yjrikBU) boctb x&jio. GaiiaB x^peesB coBckni ho ciy* 
SBTi apoBOB) rocoQxcTBa npaBXHy n,wh ito h v& Bei OBasmaams 
HexilcTBBTeiuniMB BjriBHiB seiijextjMecBBn Bxeajon. Hps Be- 
XOcraTsft seiuB, Boiopaa otiesneuja 6u rpyxi^ b sbshb coBeli n 

HapOXt BOBBBBJO 000(60 BBMBie: OTX&lBHyB JB^BOCTB BBl BBpOXt 

saxBaTHBaion seiuB tfoibme, vin na nymso, xpyrie — ocraBnci 



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XMfmiffnEUL imiiu. 1 75 

cftBciM den semni. Faí se isajieHaa npama odntecTBeHHiirB 
omHnémS ^eperaa? £csh k xonycniTb mipoBie ajibTpyHCTH^ecEÍe 
nemiTH bi Bapoxi^ b xorxa OKasercfli . hto ohe HexocraTO^BO 

UPOIHO paSUTHy HTO($&I CffipMMBBXh pft88HTÍe Kb HftpOXi (eSOtfpaS- 

Httnm iHCTiHBion ibihoS nojus, Atuxw ocfasjímoiBii sa 
cotao BSBtoByi) aecju>BBii]r Bapoxi^: «iioi Batiá » Bpu)>... b 
pt^yoaKHivai otiaiBBBiie BAcmasni. Mu BBxairb onflTb loase, 
m BB yn, bb BpaBCTBeBBoerb, be ax&rpyBen^iecBiB ^yBcrsa 
HecBBcavn Bapoxa on BOBMyxBiejibBiliBBXs b mcnpaBexJBrbfi- 
mĚTk OTBOflKHÍf , vh KOTOptiB cfaBOBaTCfl vh tfjBSBBMi Be xy^Biíe 
ueflH ero no BexocraTBy paBBETÚi ryícaEBiixi HpaBcrBeBBux^ 

OOBflTtl. 

EIXBa JB BysBO roBoparb mboto o peiBiiosBiixi npexerasje- 
ÚMTh B neoBTÚirb aapoxa. «PejBrio8BOOiB» Be cnacaerb Bapoxi 
Wk flenpaBBJíuaro dobbmuíb cbobx'b oCSasMíBOCTei kb Bory b 
CtiDWKxy, Bňvb Be csacaen on eafimeflÍB ibcto asuiecBBrb 
op^ACiMjeBiJl cb xpBciiaBCBBXB. Cpe^B šyne^ecnuiy emfi se yxa- 
mBaroea on noBarift BapoxBiixrB, eyntecTByen bociobbivi: «Be 
oteasyTb — Be npoxaTL*, b biuloxb bb cboí opoMucejtb oÓMana, 
peumsBHty BO sepaaBBioS Byiiei('B speciBrcB b mojebtcb o no- 
MMi^B. 0]nB(k)uo jLjuaxsn^ hto oto — ofiii^ai tojibbo syni^oBi. 
PialSoflBBKi BBi «Hapoxa» coBepmaeTB to se specrsoe 8BaMeBÍe, 
W n jícb Ba CBoS ysacBufi iipoMucej-B. To se x^iften aK>- 
<ot Byjax^b Bffb Bapoxa. He^BcryK) cobšcib ycnoBOBBaB)n cbí- 
Hm vb vnomtaj copasMipis ea pasaiipH cb BeiflqBBOB) fea- 
BfiseTBeHBoeni npoeryBKa. Bek otb oCpa^OBHa aa&iysAeBÍa bb- 
p6ia— xoBasaiejiBciEO bo tiesBpaBcxBeBBOCfB, ae sepaiBríoBBocTB, 
i BBeBBo loiBBO BepaBBBiocTB, JOSBociB BpaBCTBeBBHxi nůMimiů. 
SoBeiBO, pasiiottflBBi, MOianpfica sa yxa^y caeero opoMiicjia, — 
^B^BaiBqeHBaB xaparaepBciBBa sapoAsoĚ «peJiBrio3flOCTB». Ho 
iBi~TouBO BpalBee Biipaseaie o6mfiVh noBsiifl sapexHOfl cpexH* 
Bule pasBBTOt nysBBii se paaÓolBBKB, tfyxen no^BTiica o tomi^ 
ntffi Foeaoj^ BaBaaajirb codbxa, oÓBA^Bsiaro ero; o«b npa yxo6- 
wn ejyiai esaaten: «6on BasasajrB ero aa Mefla>« Hbmi lAvh 
uifiíňaocní npBBO^^B en^e opaiiipii BepasBBToerB spaBCTBesBO* 
RBiBmunixsb HOBaiiS aapoxa — obb ciBrnaoirb bbbíctbu bcími. 
řteiaiBBBBBj CEJOB) xbsíiejíhEiA peiBiíodBOŘ xiicjB xomexníie xo 
^IWrii coBpaieBBUx^B noBiril aapexaiixii xyMaxyrB yrosxaiB 
Biryi Heauy npeuirB) XBynepcniEUťB EpecTBum aBaiieEieiťB bmí- 
M ^^UBepcisaro, ocaoBJíeBieMtb ceiSa b np., orxaBaa orpoMBoe 

0(^XBOCTB« ,2^ BC&X^B HOCTE OOCTOETB BO Blb 

Ř% nocAj a vh orcyrcTBiB EBBtorBaro poxa maiB; 



L^ 



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176 

noemipicii speciuBvii HannMTCfl, npB paBi^imeimí fiisa, ■ 
nopTBTB ceti% mejijffxa Eeatmipvsan soAfliecnmr£ Boenot 
maůjB. HpaBjíBOBaHie naHirs cunns cociovn b^ uoemaoaé 
cbíw,/ HHot Dopii^KJiyxn H paBoyjft. Kaseiei, Bce aio xocimroao 
CMA^TejnoisTcn o mptoCuTMúeni penrioBHicn Hp^xoiaBjenft u* 
po;[a. BeraiA^ napoxa n nonon^ Mes^ rtm, ««n <»Q^toe»- 
qTBjrerE o npoieert^ o seuaÍB, <no6fi penm ciyjuja tmj 
HcnHHofi pyscwwBiemnuieS wl bmhh. 

Mh w xonm ouMoty wso ioiho m aiui fieaoópasmxs 
aaieBÍsxib h saunAuioscfl HpaBomHBoen k pejnríosHoer& napona. 
Mh. xoniinb oasaxB^ vro cyniacTBOBaHie ofim aueiii CBHxteea- 
CTByers o HepasBinocTH HpaBCTBeHHoS a pejtariosHoS micaa rai- 
poxa. B!» ofin^eaa aapnuia GieBife: Btajri Baj^n tbojobu kb bh- 
patfoTSŠ HOBSonb lymimx^ Bosapteift h OTHOCRremoe (feacwjfe 
Hapoxa coaxa» ^rro-sifiyx^ npo^Hoe m paeyMHoe. BfaMWia npe- 
XEBia, «;iipaHoe BOcaonaHaBÍe o npoiennirB juBSĚTb*^ ju t mavh 
BaMHeMs Ha yinb napoxá, naao saavqeK&y Maio pasanom a 
noTOMy mepAvmevh iicnnnio*BpiTaiiecaH or&ecsHca vb sa&iysxe- 
Biam cBonrb, BHoceionii a b& ero hobiuí yieaia. TLpexpnKjxa 
H pyTHHBiia ooBaria apteao xepatarB vh cbostb pysaxi upax- 
HBtt ym, ae xuaa eMy eBoÓoxn. Bbhhtb napoffE no aroiiy no* 
Boity Fb yMBTBeHBOt HecocioareiuiocTH Hano ne 6yxen. ^ajoeofefc 
(^eai^n), OTBananiittca oři aeteL HoaaríS h SBaHÍtt, xftvnm 
eMy onarKnrb a afiasHÍD h tfpaBHÚtca hoctpohtb crporo jorawcait 
ujĚZJi^h noHarit, Bce-raaa npazoxan btb aeii^ ao maram 8a6ay8- 
xeniaM^B BpeiieHH. Hensa ae TpefioBaTB on napoxa naaot yacnM- 
HOt CBotfoxu a HeBaBacHMOcra otb bj^bobiix^ HOHarit, HaeaaoBB 
nponaTaaniaxB Bca> ero atasaB h Bce ero idpoBOsspteie. 

UporpeccB noHATÍft napoxa BOBHoasoHi touho opa pacma- 
peniH e^^epu ero ůnmn, leoepa yaao orpaHatoBHaro ero laiHoai 
shbhík). ,^aiTe napoxy oraaaouHTbca cb poByabiawifH macxBi aeero 
HeiOBiwcraa; nňATe eay wMme loro, vró oiapmo o npapoixt; no- 
saaaoHBTe ero m shoúk) xpyrarB napoxoBi, wroůa Q«h mon 
cpaBBBTB ee n CBoeio, cjoaoirb, x^fi^e eny xora nisoropiie aie* 
MeHTH otfpaaoaaniay h bh BBeMere ero yse kb oiSyiaciB ooBHaies^ 
Haro OTHomeaia b^b npHpox& a sbshb; • mhcjib napoxa npocneiei 
CBJBate a nHTJiHRfte, 8iio ne sna^ian naaasuBaTB napoxy ixo^na- 
6yxB. He x^aatie eny aamazi noHarift, no xiAre touho snaniey 
^HTKy H yiTB napoxa 6yxorB x^aTs bsboxh no oÓnpiirB saao- 
nam HeioRbvecsaro yiia; ero noHada Óyxyri yiyímaTBca a cnar- 
^aiBca. Tocnoxa o<ScBypaHTH ne xorarB aroro a, iioůa sanacaapo* 
BaTB CBm nacToanvía mucssíj ohh npeienxyion, ito6s yii^B napex^ 



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JUITSřÁT7PHHiI MB^ITAHUr. 177 

ca», HesaraaiMo on bíboboS phóoru leJioBŠ^ecsofi mucjih^ caicx 
jmen AO Bcero. Ho b^ab oqeBHXHa HeBOsnosHOCTL aioro: Torxa 
W BapoAft Hamero ooipetioBajiBCB tfu hobub TucsíHejArisí, h H']&rB 
pywieucTBa sa to, hto obt^ ne npBxen qepesi dXB TUCflqei^TÍfl 
n syniypi, kl poA% fKBTaficBoft. A KaBi se nepesBiB 8tb 

THCfl^eiJbllB iqiBBB, nOBa nu aOXBBBeMCB XOTB B'B BHTafiCBOfi-TO 

Kyjuiypi? Hfliie roBopBJH o toitb, hto Hain% napoA^s h TaB'B 
xopofln H ee flysAaercfl hb bi BaBofi i^flBBABsaiitiBy a eBpo- 
nelcxafl i^HBBJíBBai^ui Jiosfla. Ci nqiBOfi nojOBBBOfi mucjb, o^e- 
ingiBO, conacBTBCfl hobosmosho; OTBOCBTejBBO nocA^AHeB hosbo 
npiSBafB, ^TO esponeficBafl itBBBJíBsaiUB uui&rh unovo HeAOcrai- 
KM,— Bo TOABBO OBa npeACTaBJBeTB nayKifj BaBaa tojibbo ecih 
n leiosi^ecTBit, b noBa h^ti Apyrofi i^BBBJuisaipfli Apyroft najSBi 
10 BOJiefi-HeBOJefii Banb cpeffiiBOWhf uu aoasbh B0CQ0Ab80Bai;Bca 
njQxaMB efl a^b pasBBTÍfl sapoAa. FlycTB noKasyrE Haici Apyrífl 
cpexciBai ApyryiD Haysy, 6oAÍe BCTBBByK), Apynn HejiOBÍ?ecBÍB 
oniOBieBifl, 6oAte npaBBABBiia b cbo6oahíib, b uu cooacBMca 
oprautTL flaniB hiicjui BecocTOfliejiBflKiifB. 

Ho A&io vh lOMi, HTO rocnoAa oÓCBypaBTii ne xenBiovh bb- 
UMMťh epoACTRB. Eojbbibbctbo ETh npBTBopfleTCfly roBopa o Ba- 

I0t*IO flOBOĚ CaMO(SilTflOfi I^BBBABSaiUB. Jix^ B088p%BÍB, JIOFBHeCBB 

npocitaeHHHfl, yBa8HBaK>rB na npBSBaflie bicb xopomBMi* Bcero xoro, 
W; flo BanieMy mbšbík), ceB?ac*B pas^bacaesBOMy, ysasiisaerb na 

BqMBBBTOCTb, nepB06HTfl0CTb flapOAfliIX'B nOBflrifi. nOTOMy*-TO OBB 

B roMvpon o «Ayinž» napoAa, a se o opoBBJíeBiHxi en, 06% 
yii BapoAE) a BO o c^pi A^flTejiBBOCTB b BOo6aie ae o a^^^tcab- 
Bocn ero, «BpaBCTBeHBOCTfl» BapoAa, a He o BpaBCXBeBBiixi 
BOflflTux^ ero, orpasaion^Bxcfl bb Cuvb. Obe saBpuBaiorB rjrasa 

U BpOieCTB SapOAa BPOTBBI BUBŠmBBXl yCAOBit B BpaBCTBeBBOfi, fl 
yiKTBeBBOft, B BBOHOMB^eCBOB erO SB8BB. Bb CBOBXl B083p6flÍflXl, 

leiaa yAepsaxB napoA^ bi tomii 6ut% b bi rbrb BossptBÍBXBi b ne 
aiiaa bba&tb ero nporecTa, obb, oiefiBABO, BAyxB npoTBBi aapoAa, 
199I1B& ero cípeifieBift. EÍOTOMy-TO obb b (JescBiBflu bíiacsbib xotb 
iii&B0-BB6yAB ocMiKueBBO j^BsioBOMÍio BapoAa, oTToro-TO sapoAB 
ittifleTCfl y jB(ocToeBCBaro BnaAaiOB^Bn Bce b% tfÓABBiift b 6ójib- 
WĚ *pi8BparB», BeAyn\ifl bb' yCificiBairB BSB^sa rpoma ÓyBsaABHO, 
lis 10 ae BpeMfl aÚMVfijomáWb npeBocxoAflOH) ^jiymoKy^^ a y 
c* AscaaoBa — hbpoaoitb, «Be aBeAaK)fl^BirB rocyAapcTBOBaxB*, «ca- 
Mli jiagriifliiirB bb Mipi^, «xpasBTeAeMB opraBBqecBoft cyÓcraB- 
4i wumĚ 9WJifl» z np. Bb AificrBBxejiBBOCTB, napoAB b bi «pa3- 
iĚt Mjipa ocodeBHO 6HCTpo, B yuewhj b apaBCiBesB, bo 

ŮBjáe BCerO AOSBOCTBK), npBMBTBBHOCTBIO BOflflTÍfty Top- 
"trn r^/^^qaman, 1882. 12 



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178 nCTHIEl IBFODH. 

M088Q(HrB eiiy shshb npH cospeiieHHiix^B yciOBÍflu, BOo6iiie 
— crpaxaen* Hepa3BHT0CTBK> h HenpocBiiiteHHOCTbH). Hyen se 
rocnoxa MOCsoBCRie Hapoxojuotfi^ii ne roBopm on HneHv h bo 
BMfl Hapoxa; ohh aojurhu fobophtl tojibko bo hiu ceoum mimi, 
XOJisBii coBHaTbCfl, 9T0 06 xoTATB nporpecca HapoxHoft MHCjni h 
HpaBCTBeHHOCTB, npHSHaiorB npaBUbHfiíMH B088p%HÍa Hapoxa: vh 
ceMBÍ*-*Ha o6asaHHOCTb icysa 6wtb seny, vb peiHiiB— na pon 
CBŠ^eS nepexi oÓpasaiiB b noMOo^B BosieB wh ÓeaBpaBctBeHHHXi 
nociyiiKax^b, bi otfa^ecTBeHHOt sBSHB-^Ha npasa jra^HocTB ^ejo- 
vb^ecxoUj noifBMO ero Bjacra b BapiiaHa. Mo, cb cbocB cropoHii, 
HO 6epeMCJi roBopaTB otb BMeHB Bapoxa, 6iitb Moseri^ noxa se 
noHBMaionviro flacB; ho roBopam bo bna nporpecca Hapoxaaro, 
BO BMfl pacmBpeHifl b pasBATÍa ero noHSTÍfi, BoiopEui lenepE ae 
Basyxcfl HaiťB BepxoiťB qejOB^HecBofi Myxpocni, a npocro bb (kiJB- 
niBHCTB^ eiy^aeBi HeBisecTBeHHiiMB. TasBirB oÓpasoirB cnopi 
«jB6epajiORb» CB HejíHtfepaMiífl — ne o cjiOBan tojbbo, a o ca- 
MOiTB HanpaBjieHÍB sbsbb. «JlB6epajiBi» osaxaiOTB otb pasBBTÍi 
napoxa b cBJBHaro nporpecca asoHOMB^ecRaro; pasBBiie h BHaBíi 
xaxyrB napoxy noBue cnocoóii 8BcnjyaTai^ÍB npBpoxu b ocbo6o- 
XflTB ero on naccBBHaro «Tepn'6HÍfl» Bceo($QiieĚ ascnjiyaTai^iB na- 
poxHuxi CBJTB BO Bpox^B pyccBOMy Hapoxy^ BO Bcefi nraporb hoba- 
tíb, B8o6paaBaeMaro otbhi cjiobomi. Torxa Óyxeri BOsifOBceHi h 
cnpaBex^HBiifi oÓmecrBenHutt nopaxoai; Torxa Hapoxi BnecerB n 
acBBBB CBOK) «npaBxy», BOTq)afl TenepB jiesuirB sapoxiímeMi na 
cyxofi B (JesHJOXHofi ho^bí namefl coBpeiieBHOll otfn^ecTBeHHoB Hes- 
ypaxmn. 

Hb CBOÓoxa, HH npocB^n^eHie napoxa neBOBiiosBii npn co- 
BpeMeHHOifB BKOHOMBHecBOirB HOJOseHÍB ero. CMtcsypanni, ne npH- 
anaionQe nysxu vh napoxnoMi npocBin^efliB, orpni^aiorB nocjftxo- 
BaDejniHO h BaonoMB^ecsoe 6ixcTBÍe napoxa. Ohb xasB 6ii roBO- 
Patb: xobojibho cb napoxa b xoro npocBÍaieHÍi b toto 6jaroco- 
cxoflHui, BOTopHMB OHB otfjiaxaeTB. Ho ^aBTti roBopaiTB HHoe. Ha- 
npBMipB, xaaie npoeKxi HnnacrepcTBa ({iBnancoBi o sairbn^i no- 
xy mnoft noxaTB xpyrBMB naaoraMH ronopan o&b «y6']feXHTejiBnHX!B 
XOBEsaiejiBCTBaxi pascrpofiCTBa RpecTBaHCsaro xo8BttcTBa», o bb^ 
vTOsnocTB Hax'iJiORB MnorBX'B RpecrUm n np. Mnoro^ncxenBue 
^RTu B Ha6jiK>xenifl roBopflTi o ^^nsH^ecRoS b npaBCTBennoS xerpa-* 
xaAiH (o nocjišxHeft, RasB mh BBx&nr, roBoparB n JífiCMe^cxxiy h 
AKcaBOBi, B xase r. EBr. MapsoBi, BOCXBntaH)n^íficB <Jí/bmsocrhn* 
pyccaaro napoxa), o BiiposxenÍB. nceo6n^ui BOBncaai hobbb- 
flOCTB BBiflCHBja, KaBi HeMBoro ocraeiCfl bi sbbhxi bbi poxai^ 
niBxca RB BBBtonoiTB roxy ^epesi x^axi^aTB x^rB, aasB, noioii 



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MTBPATyPHHJI ME^TAHIfi. 179 

HevHorb Hát ^tetb shbutb coxpaHaerB cejiu h SAopoBBe xjh 
TESóro xenepB bi cyn^HOCTH npocxoro a^^sl, Baici 6htb cojiAaToirB. 
Bi npBSUBi 18Ó1 roAa HysHo 6iiďo ocB0A'&TeJiBCTBOBaTB 42Vo 
Bcero ^Hcja jhiii, BiiHHHaBOiHxx speÓiSy — h npe Bcefl coBpeMeH- 

HOf CflHCXOAHTeJIBHOCTH Kl ^^HSH^eCRHMl BEHeCTBaiirB COJA&I^ OCBO60S- 

xeHO, no HeBOSMysajocTH (na 21-m'b roxy) h Óoi^sHeHHOCTH, obojeo 
l7Vo acBHA^TejiBCTBOBaHHuxi, BHáHHTejiBHO tfojii^ 50 Tiicaqi qe-* 
jobIbi! EmeAHeBHO ea jmuíí mu Bcrptnaeiix «MajB?nROB'B» hb^b 
Hapoxá, BOTopuMi OBásuBaercfl ji^tb no 18-th. Pooioe h bao* 
poBoe pyccBoe nieMH MejiBnaerB h ruL^uerh fb Óozí&bílx^. HpaB- 
cTseHHoe BHpošAeHie xapasTepHByercfl ne «y6iBcTBaMH sa rpoiiTB^ 
(^ocióeBCKifi), a nojiHofl noiepefl yBa^enifl x^iefi k^b ontaMi, o 
^en MH yse roBopHJH Biiiiie. JIioah TepjiHyrB B^py vh aBio- 
pireis OTi^OBi, RaB'B A^BHO noTepHJH yBasenie b^b cbohiii 6jh- 
saBrniiTb pjBOBOAHxejiflirBy CTapHsrB «noBa3aTeJiflHi nyTH», — h 
sartHHTB 8TH aBTOpHTeŤu OBasuBaeTCfl ne JierRaM^ no orcyrcTBÍH) 
i7iiaHHBX'B páBBHTHxi HpaBCTBeHHEixi noHflTÍS Bi npeacHCMi 6BITy 
Eapóxa. OrB o5paii^áeTC)i b'b npeaiHHafB aBTopHieraifB ci tíbcb sq 
earain ópy^teiťB ^HBHqecBofi chjbi h npoHBBOJia, soiopuB npas- 
TnoBaiH B^saMH no OTnomeeiH) Kb noMy. H HapoA'B 6BerB oti^obx, 
fcefífc espeeBi n roBopnrB cbo6oaho o «cBoeMi cyAÍ» bx tíx-b 
updennrB ciy9aflX'B, Bor^a cb hhhi HM'£KxrB cmIíjioctb ne corjia- 
matsí. IlycTB omiTB Bro—RpaBnifl npoflBjíema HapoAHOfi shbhh, 
BO OHI yKasuBáiorB bo bcaromi cjiynat ne na nporpeccB napox- 
Hol miicíh h napoAHaro ^yBcrsa a rposATB bi 6yjiymfiiíT> emfi 
(KumeS 6é8ypflAHi](e9, xots h cOBpeHeHHaa AOcraroHEO jifiprmvh 
Bi léékA Bcio samy shbhb. HapoA'B Me^iaoTi oóx ocBOÓosAenin 
on^éra HHoteríz, HBHypflion^ett h osecTonafo^efi ero, a mhhho- 
HaiA$(meCKafl ráéeTa «PycB» h oÓCRypanru xoRaBEiBaiOTB vh bto 
ipéik 6 «(JjaronojiyTOOBrB o6cTOflHÍH> napoAnaro ÓJiarococroflEÍfl! 

^Ic&BreibHOCTB, ó^OBHAHO, HO noon^pfleTB qaasí-napoAHH- 
mni ^étnisaj 8aBjiaA%Bnnixx-6Biiio namefi aiHdHbK), ne onpaB- 
^ann «xoáčej£BáTBBHux'B>, B^pnie — o^cRypaHinux^B BoaáAejiHitt. 
BeK ^cd:A HapoAÍ' b'b nojinoMÍ cocraBi HysAaercfl bi o6noB- 
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184 vĚcaam ibpoiih. 

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' ainou cmnim. 185 

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I MepTBtf nmh ne npepBercfl... 

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Ha 97X5hHÍ CTECTBII H BOJIH. BjAJT HCQUTQBaTB 61 Ce6& «BCeTO- 

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poiaB» no96ÍH — mescmipoirb, Jlflmej Pere, IlymraHiiirB... Ilorpy- 
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Dahin, dahin, wo die Citronen blúhen... 

GAffí MOB ^erso o6oBBa^ajiBCB sa BjaacHoifB CBŠry. PaBBO- 
jqraraoe coíHi^e npcaasuBaio Bosxjrxi cBepaaBÍeirB. 

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npocTH se! HOBOtt xishi 

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To 6uM0 ^Addío» IlIySepra. 

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aam uvb jyveai yMBpaK)iuflMi, a BeoxoxBMaa néqan oÓHaja 
aoo xya^... 



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1^86 raOTHIB^ BBPOHB. 

10 j^jB|»Ta. 06i»uo. Mopocm Aomjkh. 
Cflsy AOMa. Ha ABopi Mospo h bhAth áeBOSHOSHo; CB^n 
no;^ HoraMH npoBajtBBaercfl; BenpiflSHeHeafl cupoCTii npoHHSQBaerB 

HECRBOBB. Bl AOM% THXO H CyXO, H HeyCTaHBUfi UMTBEKh ^leXKO 

QTÓBBaerH xaKTi... TycsjíiiS csín jiíhbbo JBercB b% nja%yn(ÍH 
osHa. Terymsa HeyTOMBHO Brašen b rpearaxi cnBKaMB. SL xosy 
no BouHaiaHi h noxpjiry oCTaHaasBBaiocB nepexi oi^qaMH, to- 
cBJíiiBO rjBsy wb eex%. Casna lyna rycro 3acjiOHflK)TB eefio. Ooi 

BbH)TCfl nOAOÓBP AK^y H (!uCTpO yHOCBTCfl B% AA^IB ÓOSBOHeHHOft 

qepeAOK). BAajiB Mpanfl^in lyMasom. BcmiorB sycru, b pasciB- 
jiaeTCfl ti^Jioe noae^ BsÓopojBA^HBoe npoiajiBBaMB. BjiHse. BÍflen 
HjfOTBHa, ycas^Ban pasBianB. ApysBUB pasKru neiaJBBO npe* 
uoHBiOTCfl no Bojfb B^xpa b 6e8noMon^BO npocTBpaByrb raósia 
B^TBB CBOB, BaR'B 6u yMOJiflfl BOu^aA^. Eme Ojibs^ xpenemoTi 
caA'B. SSíBABaB cnpeHB Ceenpecianno npBHBBaen b^b cyrpofiaiti b 
njbiyeTh bxi, b njanen saA^B bbmb xojhoabumb cjiesaBiB; savBUfl 
g0jiOHB HeAJBTeiBHO jo^BwyTb B B0ie6iK>TCfl; cbbíB BBmesHBBi. pas- 
(^raeicfl CesnoBOttBBíHB BOjnaiiB, b i^íbjibbcb Apyn 3a Apyr^i 
nejpenojinaerB BOSAyxi myiiOHx; rycrofi sycTB op^mBasa, sacjo* 
^BB^Iift OABO Bsi OBOHi sajiu, oxqaaflHO (jBercji b cb dySemiB 
ApeÓesrpifB xjien^erB cxeBJía, cjobho onoBin^aa caA^ o Aepsxofi 
CBoefl OTBari... IIpyA'B rjiyxo peBerB, nepeCiraa ojiOTBHy. Mni 
BBAHO saBi jieA^B na neicB nocBB^bjíi b (JesotfpaBflo Bsjíyjicfl, nospHB- 
niBCB TpeniBHaMB^ a Bospyn njiOTBBBi BucxynBja Teimafl boab, 
OTpasBBmafl bi cepABTiix'B sojsaxi cbobxb BSjoMaBHUfl o^epp:aBÍii 
paKBTi B sjOB^niiee Be6o. B% bobi^% npyAa ife^erca BaMiimi*; 
fiesnopBAO^íHO noMaxBBaa mobphmb rbctbhb cbobmb... 

Ilepexoxy na Apyryio cropony b cmotpk) sa ABopi. HaxBOpt 
nycTO. RyAa-TO npofitsaja Kyiapna, (j^apiyKOiii sacjOHBBniBCB otb 

B^pA. CbPO^jIBBO npOTpyCBJIB B CBpUJCfl noA*^ BpUJIBItO BoiWRl, 
n^AOBOJBHO OXpBXI^ MOBpue JOXtfOTBB CBOB B yBEUO BOASBUafl 

]^ocrB. Bucxpo B ocToposBO npo6toaJia Bomica Kh aiidapaui... 
li CQOBft nycxo. Bixepob psex?^ b n^exBBBXB sacxptxB, CBo6oABUfl 
OTB cBÍra, B cepABxo yAapaexB cxaBBeii'B syxnB. B'b seút Kpy' 
Tflxca xyqB... GyMpannaa a^Jkb saMUBaexi nojie. ^osopaufi BypraBB 
Mpa^HO ^epnlteTB. 

BosBi BaBaa cayRa! HBBprAiEk xyxop'B se Baaajicfl mbí xasax^B 
CBjenoMib B HBBorAa xasofi Mpasx ne yrBexaj^B ifenB. Ysi se 
HansxBca ib mb^ b ne saóuTBca jib b'b. nBSBOHi Becesi/b,.. O, 

eCJflÓB CBOpie OTCB)Aa«- 

— Wbvh JB nBCBMa xenepB?— poÓKO ocBiAOMMeica xexaa, b 
CB tocboh) rjuiABTB Ba MeBB cjiesflBJíBHBCfl rjiasaMB. 



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BAIDICSI OTinUKi. 187 

A nepBHfi paai BcnoHHBJrb o no^rb, r x^xanle MOe pa^ocrao 
ci)CHuo;^b, Mhí^ Aftse noKaaajiocBi ^to He6p BeesainHo npq^^Bixjijio, 
1 noB^eiíjH BOHHaTUy nepenojHeHHHfl cyMpa,BOM'B. H ^^ci^ cb 
anuTL UBÍ cxajio cthahq. 06;iacTb OTBpaTHTejii»H'i&Qiefl jfyrneBUoŘ 
Boera H iiyHHTeji»Hiix'^ couBinifi BiROH^yst orciynojia n^ safari) 

lUaffLy H BeJHHaBUtt oďpaSl HeofilflTHOtf OT^HBHII BCTaJl'B HBIippCBi 

I Bcemijio sanojOHHJix noe BOo5paseHÍe. 06pa8^ Btovh npH,]pejii 
lacb (Ja hbbhí, cbÍt^uB h Bejm^ecTBennafi. BflyTpeHHÍtt jfoS Mipi, 
lasuoc]^, coBcÍMi OTcyTCTBOBaji'B vb co8HxaHÍH BTQvo o6pa8a| H 
RE oxHOfi nenajiBHofi nepiott ne norpeBOSHj^B ero ^p^uxi onapra- 
HÍt. H sorxa a BcnoMHHJix — bc% moh Bcrp^^a « moh Ha^Jtoj^eHÍa 
noRasaiHCB khš MaisáMH h ciyqaftHHMH, a bhboau vpím^n npe- 
yBeiHHeHHOft Mpa^HocTBio. SI vh xpenex^ s^xui paB^^jna^eHÍi 
H nonpaBon... H Bxpyn mh'6 craio RasaTBCiiy hjo hi^hho ^ra 
noua^ TKbjfj/ULn hIuíuh rpy^u ^yp^ajOBi h raseri^^ yopasxHHn 

im CMOJfÓB M npHMHpHTl MeHfl C^b pOAHHOfi. O, fl HjB COSPy TOFJ^a 

CB(m BopalSjíH H nomjiB) itb Hopry «CBaTia^H> Rpacoru*, co Bf/bufi^ 
ei npBMaHBaMH b aeTH^Huiin nepcneBTHBaMH. 11^'kiuft míc^i^i ne 
BixarB ii raserii h i^ijutt iiicai^ xyTopi qa rpjBeyiii^ orx^jeHi 
on idpa. 

fl UHBflyjrB GeueHa^ BOTopufl vbnm\ nofjajuBíin nox)i|^TBH rb 
nepleji BOMHaiBŠ, ho ero ne 6ujío. Torxa a Basymca bi my($y 
I BanpaBiucaf kb jiioxcRyK). Taiíi otf aaRaiiH xo^bjii a^bimi, h moe 
WBOHa^i^H njOTHO Bosc^Aaiq BORpyn croja. Boj^aa ^ ^jnenoBa* 
lOBi nojynrro^t b jiohotl qepHaro xj^Óa, Rpyro nocunaBHufl 
coun, ycjiasAajiB bx^b xyniB. RorAa a BXOABn^ ppaiopcTBOBajii 
flxoBB. 

— IIpaMoe a440 no yRaay! — roBopeorb ofl: — yňopRajíopRofi, 
i yaainb yaaaoirL... CopoRx py6jefi 6epB sa AecaiaHy h, maj^mi!.. 
A Rio BSfljii HeHBme, npaHO, Focboab 6jiarocjroBB, Kh Bcr^aBHBRy. 

T^ 6jpaTL, pi^rOBOpX ROpOTRÍfi! 

— la M BBflikjrh yRasx-TO? — b^ H-ÍRaropoMi HeAoyMtnijf 
cnpocBjrb CeMeB'B. 

— 9ero — BBA*^*?— orpuBHyaca JBIrobx b HOJio^^AOBaio caJiio- 
Mfn: — ^áfiy bbaub! ÍÍ boti bi nosanpom^yH) cpe^y bi JlHnarH 
feWA — nyaKB^eRi mh4 Bcrp^TBJícfl: totb, iiajio Toro — cjiuxaTb — 
CiOBiai riaa^HH BfLji^jch. Bbcbtb, roBopBn, bi bojoctboS aa crbBKi, 
I esju^ fla c^erb BeiijiB BBCBrB... 

— 3w> Ha cnen npBpisRH?— íkbbo orosBajica MaxaSjío. 

— H dn cnerB iipapisRB, b na. c^erB — ne (SojtiaTB, qT0(5i ao 
fnjjm^ ffi B§&áeBB... ^^ao BSB^crnoe! 



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188 BMTHin IBPOOII. 

— & BOTB Tose crpaBHHiQr Bcrp^THáa...— aa^aiadujio Anaa; 
HO tjn xoMoqaxipi, saMŠTBjni MeHA, h B/bcEOXbW nepewon^jmjacb. 

— ?T0 aio Bsr sET^jra? — cnpocHJi a, yxaBiiBafl Ha nojiymTO^. 

— ^a orbCByKH, MajHMi X^om... IIo craicaHqHRy... fi^^ovh 

H^TJ, MU H DpHCrpOBJIBCB... — OTB^niJIH XOHO^aXOU) HpflBOXH Bl 
nopZfPKh B086ySX6HHHfl CBOH JIBlta. 

fl noBBaji MnxalJiy h BosBpaTBXCB vh fflm. 

— MoacHO opofoaTB Bxropoxi? — cnpocHiifl, xorxa MHxaiio 
EpamejTE BcAjfh sa mhoh), h a pasBflSHOCTBK) BanpATan pysy vb 
sapiiaHii HOJiymyÓKa. 

— B% ropoxi? 

— Aa. 

— ^TO-a%... Ha OpjHrt? 

— Ha Hem. 

— Ha OpiHBŠ npo^xeniB. OpiurB — jiomaxB fp6]^. Ha em 
esejH He npo^xaTB^ Tamb npBMO) h^xo CKasaTB, vh pofíi Kan y<k>ríl 
xaKot ne npoix^TB... Bi poxb aasi oysíHBuS lejiOBin, na- 
HpíM^pL. 

— Hy laM crynafl, coCipaBca. 

Ho MHxafljio CTOB.ra h pacro^ajii yfifixHTeiBHHB ciOBeca. 

— H esejiH TenepB FaBpioxHHy Bepnrany bbatb — tfesnpeiiitHHO 
npomaa raBpH)XHHa BepmHHa! — npoxojsajii oh^b: — m ohatb o(H- 
teaTB BOBHOSHO, oseiH h6 npomjia, HanpHiiipi. Bsbjtb h o&b- 
šxaii. A OpuKB— xomaxB xotfpas. BafliB ero esen, f,h noxc^x* 
jaib, Taxi B He tobmo rb ropox^*.. 

— Hy cotiapaScfl se h ciynaft. 

— A Ha CTerb toto éxaiB? 

— Howy npHBeseniB. 

JIhi^o MHxafijm Bxpyrs B8o6pa3HJio TOHByio yju((Ky. 

— 9to MS noHHMaeMi, esejiH hb cnen noHm, — CBasan 
OHI, H nocn^niHO Buxoxfly xo6aBHi'B: — a ^irona OpjiHii ne cxte- 
XHTB, nxh 8T0 6htb hbxo YasoTO ^ejfOB^Ka, no Mopx^! Mh tobcb 
oveHb xopomo noHmaeMi... 

^pe»B noxnaca j^nrypa Bc^xHiBa nejBicajia rb noii. Opjran 
TOpaiHJCfl H nopfiiBajiCB cratB na ffnóu. Teunue cji^xb P^bo 
ofioBHawjiHCB Ha CH^ry. 

11 Mapra. Bftrepi. Moposi. Bb He6i tjhm. 

3HMa cocBy^HaacB h Bnesanno BOBBpaTHjacB n hbmb. Bodcb 
Ba caxb: TOAcnifi cjiofi nxa oÓji^obji^b xepeBLs h bítbh hhbbo ho- 
bhcjih nox% eTO tisoctbio. H'£BOTopi]a cjiOMajnicB. OpimHin, bo- 
leÓieMHfi BfopoMi, HeMHiocepxHO rpeMHn sa obhom% h c% aa- 
BHMi-TO cepxHTHMi mopoxoMi li&eTh n creua. 



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SAiuoKV CTsnuisi. 189 

R^B Bempy inpVbffin Mvxafijio. HesHaH), no^eiiy^ ho xnineTCfl 
san-To Jiene; leneps mhí ys^s Hasipsoe saseicfl, 9x0 oro npo* 
unoe sazojiycTBe HsepaTHio moh noHAiifl o Beo^axi h hto Ha ca- 
lĚOWhrfo MÍbjA SHSHb poccíficsas wdoCuxyerh 6iaroAaTBR). Henpe- 
míhho coBepoiHJiacB omHÓBa, ^^aerca mb*!. Bi oiithb% ^acra Ta- 
m HcropÍH: HH^Tosnaa noApo5Hocn> sacjiOHHTB o6mfie h zapan- 
lepi HBBpan^eHHOcni HeH3(%2KeHB. 

OxHaBO, ^TO sa lyneca ci mohmh xomouaivuíb? Jlai^a hx^b bbho 
lopsecTBeHHH; vh ciOBaxi sauiqaeici noxospHieJiBHaa ocropoaB* 
hoctb; ^acto sa noíHO^B x^htca y hbx% decbffij h aBRypaxHHS * 
CeiiesB b^iho orcyTCTByen. 



HaKOHei(B-To ABJífleTCfl Moxatjio. Bose, san pajia ony Teraa! 
Ho m% ero cyMKH BiirpysaHxrcfl rasoTH h sypnajiUi a nncBiia 
fliiy... Tensa noaopHO BOSBOXHrB BsrjiBX'^ vh hbob§ h yxaxaeica. 
9ro xopomo — npesA^ oea ho Morja MOjmBCfl. Gnycrfl noa^aca, 
yHHJiiie BBysE Bropnuorcfl vb sajy, h crapnecidS rojocB ejpia 
eniBíHO Doen: 

...Kto sxicB cípaj^ajrb, óopoicji, 

Basi xpyra CMeprH sAen: 

Ohb eMy CBO(k)AB 

GBflTyi) BiCTb Becerb... 

Bi nepexHet a paBaraman monon. 

— Csopifi, — roBopHJKB MHxatjo OeiceHy: — a owy raserray 
w>ffííbnBAi>... Bb!.. no cejiaMi, 6parb, Bapom Bapsn Ha cwn 
yiasa... 

H CeMOHi éHcrpo HaBHByn na njieqH sa^anHoiBO h noipy- 
on m> n}f,CKjio. S bchomhixb, itoJSEbobi — rpaMorraft. Mesxy* 
meiaMH HexociaBajio oxHoro noMopa «PycH». 

3 laca HOV. Ha XBopi ůjpM. 

Kasafl ho9bI.. A HjKmyio^ aan rtio Moe xojiOA'6erb otb yjsaca 
B iMNipaBHMafl Tocaa cauDiaerB čepme* fl ho Mory <iHTaTB Óojiie... 
1^ yin uwb on btoí npeuBTOft rpyxu ne^arHoB dynarB h 
neb yO&saTB otl t^n^j crpeMHieiBHO HaBoxHHBmaro Moe Bootfpa- 
MBie.^ PoMBa HiiuerB aasi rb orni. nycranHaa RoiraaTa ne* 
inaiHem iq^HspasaiiH h kb nepisott TBmxB% npepuaaoBtoft oxho* 
(rfpipna usroicB MaaTHHsa, (JeBocraHOBOuo Hocaiea BnyKH. 
GňasĚ oonsaimi... 3a rojiofi hxi noBepxnocTBH) BcnttorB h ta- 
;iipo mmno aapiHHu HecBasaHHOft caop^E. MpanHai hoib 
«nvpin KB QKHa h cjiobho cioposHrB iieHii, noxoBpH- 



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196 



B^CTHim IBPOnH. 



TejBHo CABHraji cboe síhbaii. 6x i1 cxesja, rx% rpeMlii opim- 
HiiKi oÓJieACHiBrnAMH B^TBflMH, ynopHO sarjiflAiiBaerB npHBBA'^Hie 
ir, HéÓTciyiiHO norpacáfl pany^ boahti* bocthctuhh jianaHH h cspe- 

6eTh HMH, H KBBaen ROCMaTOfi FOJOBOK). nOJlOBHAa CByHHO Tpe- 

n^BTB nÓA^B MOHiiH maraMH. Iljíaifs cbí^b Cjia($o xpenen^en h ro- 
je6jeTCfl... 

O, fiesnoma^HHfi Ayx'B BpeBieHH— jiyxi-C^BHBCi, no^tBpaioiiiift 
MyApe^OFBt ďaq^Mi se tu cb laBott HenpecTaHHofi acecrokocTBio 
RyemB hobuxi b hobuxi BparoBx bcbbbmi ocHOBam h ycroBiri 
H, 6e8sajocrao ycrpaufl HaHBHHe BAeaju crapaHu, Heo($08pHBíyK> 
nycTOiy BOSABBraeniB mwb ea cid^Hy?.. TenepB Cb MyqflTejiBHOll 
iiCHOCTBiD BBsy fl, RaiťB noAi 6peMeHeM'B HeapepEiBHuxi ncniiTa- 

Hlfi, BHCnOCJaHHUX'B T0(50H), HBHeMOrja HOS (HiAHafl poxBBa H Bl 

hctomí' 6e8Cfljifl oMepxB-ijia. EeBHaBásaHHO Tepsaen ee rpoaeaa 
ceMBfl 6oai8HeB^ npeABOABTejiBCTByeMuxi rojio^OMi, h MorymtecTBee- 
Butl ia^aB^ B8X ROHi^a B% BOBei^^ pacBBByji cbob cítb. Gaiiai 
npapoAa xaKi^^Bi speBpaTiuacB h BacujfaerB 6%w. KpacBuft u^- 
Tyxi iipáTOO pacnpocTBpaerB spujiBfl cbob b orb E^jiáro Mops 
xo HiiiaBa oeapBerB aečk) sjOBtniHMi sapesom... H ko Bceiiy n 
BTOMy, 6e9h ROBi^a, CBup^ncTByérB noxioaB. O, RaBaa (5e3nia6afli- 
UMy RaRaa tfesBpBir&pBafl boajioctb!.. Gtua'^ ycrpaBeB^. QoHsiTifl 
o ^ecTB coTBopeBK B8JIBB1BBMB. KyjBTi Ópioxa BpoBosrjiameBi roc- 
noxcTByioqBMi b eMy bbabb coBepniaH)TCfl OTBpaTBrejBBiiB seprBU. 
IIoBaJiBBaft rpaÓeaRi b xojonciBo, BosBeAeflBoe Bib xo6JecTB, pyRa 
o6i pyRy CB Be^aTBH), BsfioposAeBBÓio speiecraMB rpaaMaBCXBeB- 
Buxi coofio^eBit, pasBBBaioTCfl aa cbo6oa%, noxotiso jixoBBTuiťL ra- 
xam B, noAi cíbbk) Bceodo^eft BeypsABipi, Barj^ioTB xo paski- 
poto rpftBAiOBBtixi... B BBsy, Raii Ba ryiBoB bohb^ BCflieCRBrB 
Bexoi^aByMiflífl, CMytAO b cb nocnimBOCTBio, cjiaraK>Tck tbiiu cb 

RJK)BOM'B XflB^flOft BTBipii CB flpÓSOpJlBBlIMl TReÁyffiOm JAdBÍ B 

e% ii'6drbmB| aRa^BO pacnpocrepTiiMB pyRaiiB. HBue bbi bbxi abrh 
B nepBotfuTHu B no CBoei bcrobboctb cooTBiTCTByioTB BxeaiaMB 
«,2l(<mocrpOB»; BBue se HAíf&iriljiB eBponeficiia ox^sAÚ h bo bcb- 
opysiB nOBBaflii eBpooeficRHxl buibjb b aujB boab 6ojiBmyio 
xopoiy, no ROTopoft, RpsxTA B BSBeMoráfli xirbjíBBcA b Maa^eB- 
CTByioiitifl njerercjt Bap0A'B pýccRifl... XBo^HBRáirB cnocirbQiectByerb 
MpaRi. OTOBCH)Ay tfesROBe^fluifB BepeflBi^aMB noisyrB ry^B. 3Ké^ 
CTOitíft vlneph npoBSBiexBBo BoerB n xepeBBJíxi. Ile^a^Byio zeúm 
no:toeferB xoxoxBHfl A6itjif>. TBMa ($68i^ np6cBÍTá syrao catflMáeií^ 
cepxqe... 

npíMXái My Ho^, nepenoalEfó&ByH) y^áácoMi, otb BpáťeHB šó 
BpMfMBy óucTpo MBraa, óCBŽqaiorB Jipltďá sapBBi^iSfy b éáSvfjí 



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SJJUCEH (ÍTBnHíKÁ. lÍl 

ynopHHt tijecKx tiix% ocs%njifleTB seabkia ao hoshbsi o^h; ho 
onoro He jer^e, Htfo sa ufníosernuu^h ÓJBcraHÍeiíi yrpioiiaH Tbvá 
ciTOfaercfl en^e HaCTOfiUB^B, Bi^ep% en^e tfessajocTBtft saiUBaerB 
fis ^lepeBBni, h en^e rposH^ Ha^eBraiOTCfl tj^h... 

H sanojioBeHHQit BCeofin^HiťB iipaRoirB, OTyManenBufl oótufiv) 
€iop6&K>y BCTep8aflBHS (JesHaAesHocTbH), i^apan^eio óspeerB^ a ysé 
BifeBaio fr TOMx, ^0 en^e BexaBBO syjibn HBctoft Kpacoru npH- 
BieiaxB veHfl b xbbbei& Bpafl iraBBjrb &% ce6i ocjr&QBTejiiHiaM^B 
CBOHKE cB^TOiTB... A, noxoÓHo HflorBMi, MOJno O B%HHOH% saCse- 
hív, AvBOWh npHHBpeBÍB, B^TOOMi BOBO^i H sa^HO s^y Aapfli^ 
cMepTH H TaBHCTBeHHofl nepcnesTBBfii npespan^eHÍa m» mmro. 

HojiD... Ho oT^ero se ^eaROHe^Haa asajocTb BHOsanBo npo^ 
Hisaen Bce noe cj^ecTBo h xairb (Joji^sBeBBo HanpflraioTCfl tob- 
sii HHTB, cBflSHBaioniía Meflfl ch SB8HBH)? Oraero c-b TaBOft BeBH* 
pasnoB TenjioTOK) CHOBa b cHOBa o5cTynaiorb uenz poabhh Kap- 
nrHH, B Bcraenb mapoKoe noje^ no Rotopony c:ia6o ROJuaieTCfl b 
HrpaerB cb B^Tpoirb BOJioTaji posB, b ysRaa, npocejiOHBaB xopoťn 
6m ROBAa ytišraerB wb npocTpaHCTBo? Oiqero cb TaROH) JiacŘOH) 
Bxpjn pasBepByjicB npe^o mboB BeoSospBMUfi crenBófi npocropi, 
B npBBiuHBO ^iciflJB ce:ia RpecraiíB i^epRseS CBOflX'B, b sejieHue 
Jka saniyM&iB BeceJiKiirB myuoui>? 

H H nyhCTByiOy RaRi ^to-to crpaBHoe niBpBŤca h pocrerb bo 
Mfli B a T0CRyH)nteB Óojbid ii^BnjierL cepxi^e... Bo£e, Raai cďajnsó 
Mffl H rpyCTHo B RaBofi MyqRxeJiBBOH) níroft nepeno^Haetca noe 
eyqecTBO! fl BBsy CBoe a'Í^tctbo. Boacy TpOHi^uHi ]i,eah b caxi, 
BSBisaHBEift i^TaMBy B Hapoj^B CB i^^TanB B^ pyaaxB. Bjiaro- 
vkn pasBOCBTCB no ORpecTBOcra MeAJtBTejBBo b njiaBBO. A^^bbb 
B% flienoBtixi njiaTBaxTi h apRaxi loÓRan Ejíyvh CRpoiiHO b tbxo, 
cmpesBO noTynjxji esopu. DapnB cn^man a^-soboB boxoaroB, 
yxpaABoi nonpaBMfl cšpuB, CMynrROBua maoRB cbob. CflBuecra- 
pm cojiBAHO mecTByiorB, sasHo onspascB na najRB. Bca i^ep- 
wn n sejeHB. MojiOAHfl éepesBB yRpanrawTB Rpujioci. Okojio 
noBOciaca sejea^iorB Ay6oBUfl b^tbb. Ha no;iy pastfpocaBO Ay-* 
msm eteo. fi^iysmen^ A.Kcenui% cmotoj^b RaacoMi ROCfl^ay b ne- 
peiaiHijrB TopseciBoirB jbrb cboB. YMBjíeHfloe jibi^o orqa ÁRBMa 
áaan tijarocRJOBBoerBio. Bi. oŤRpurua oRBa CHsi^erb Be6o b n^e^ 
Cnin lacTO^RBy H CBÍadfi yrpenHit B^i^poRB aohocbti sanax^ 
I. Ha^tBHaercfl o&bxBs. E^ahuB TeHOpovB ABceHuqa Tpora* 
pefessBTB B yHocBTCfl K% cBOAaHi, OTByA& BejnnrecTBeBvo 
GftBftora. Orei^^B Arbitb BOBraamaerB bhíiťho b BBcrÉeHHo. 
áqpi X MBB cjia6o jienenyn. ToBBÍfl erpyfltB láxota pacxo- 
H nxo ynjsiBaiyrB btb osBa. HapOAi^, óAkteror^ 



M_ 



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192 Moram nnita. 

MttHO B8XHxaS| npeuoBfleTB koj^hh h oTB^mHBaen nume oo* 
uoHUi ne cnycsafl Bsopa cb oTBepsríix-L i^tpeBHZi Bpan, vfík vh 
o6jraBÍ rojiytforo Acnia (yréu^b Akhmi BOsxBMraen csATiie xapB. 
yroxHBBH jnoÓOBHO rujmn na napoxi cboB, n^expo oxtBmift m 
Vh BOBaHHiia pesu; BoseciBeHEiift MjaxeHeiVB jiacsoBo TAHerB n 
HOMy pyqeHU. Ho botě THiniiHa* 3aBÍca cb mjuowb saxepri- 
Baercfl. Bi ajirapi coBepoiaeTCfl <ito-to TaHHCTBeEHoe. IE[e6eTaHi»e 
ucTOieai MHO cjiumiiTCfl sa oarfom. AsceHEm yapaxKoB sisacn 
Bi pysy H 6ucTpo xpecriirb pon. Pas^aerca Boft-rxi Kamejb. 
I^epsoBHiiS crapocra HBae^ IlapeeHUTB Ha6ojsHO npesjíOBHJCfl 
Dpex'B BiaxiiHHitefty h npnjiosHBmHCB kb Heft, OTBtcaxB hhbbíS 
nouoHi Hapoxy. H MeaoxH^HHft sbohi KOJioKOJb^Haa oxnoo^pasio 
sanpocHix acepxBu. B% Horepiuft sejenuft iiimoK'B sacry^ajia ni- 
XflKH... IlaxnerB bocsoitb h jiaxoHOirB. 

JI CTOX) Bi caiioft Toxnib. Mnt npaBHTca cocíxctbo btetb xy<S- 
jieHHn nojymyÓKOBi h mapmaBUi^ BajrraHOBi, on xoTopui 
necerb lasoft cjiaBHoft saxxJOCTbK). Měna opHBjeaaiDTi bth cepsea- 
HHfl jiHita, BHHMaiejiBHO H CTpoFO o6pan\eHHEifl Vh aiTapn, sth 
KpboKíSL E CBibHiia ^Hrypii. H HaHBHiia cjOBa mojhtbi, npoBSBo- 

CBMBZl 0MH BHflTHtllťb HOJymOnOTOlťB, SasyíCa MH& ^Ifb-TO oco- 

6eHH0 x^flCTBHTenHuifB H ocoÓeHHO BasHuiTE. Mnb qyBciByetCfl, 
iTO 8x^B coBepmaercfl h^hto 8Ha^HTe.iBHoe h rjyÓOBO npHBdfósa* 
TejiBHoei H($o ne xapom se oxho np^ROCHOBeHÍe specrBaHCsaro 
nojyniytfsa noBepraerB Měna vh sasoft-TO caMoxoBOJiBHuft rpenen, 
a cjiatfHfi yxapi no lue^y ToneHBBoft cb^iboS, cb npocB(k)ft iie- 
pexaTB ary CF&HKy «HBaBy-BoHHy», HanojHaeri moh) xyniy rop- 
XOCTBX). — «HBaHy-BoHHyl» — TopateciBeHHo roBopio a cocšxy Moeiiy, 
eftxoMy CTapBsy cb sejniirB jHitOMi, HBÓopoasxeHHimx nopip- 
BaMB, H Bi HiiioiťB BocxHiii[eHÍH HafijioxftH), saxib owh ch cepBes- 
Hoft oeroposHOCTBH) 6eperB y Měna CB^^ay h nepexaerB ee xajmne, 
noBTOpaa tijiaroroBtfiHo: «HBaHy-Bo0Hy». — <& Basi 6u cosanxo 
CBOK) CBasB B CBOO cpoxcTBO CB BTOfi TOJinoft, licHO o6cryiiBBBiei 
xesa B OTBOcan^eBca bo ueí cb laBoS iporaienBoS paBHonpaB- 
HOCTBB). H a BBicoBO x^psy CBOK) FOJOBy, otiBJíBHO HBnoifaateH- 
ByK) xaMameft, b ne CBoxa rjasi cxajiTapa, bctobo ocÍHaH>CB nra- 

POBBITB BpeCTOM^... 

.••Gnuny saxopHua cojiOBBflHiia bšchb b ryxtsBe mejTB ~Ha 
xaaeBOiťB nieJBBBB^, vfíb tbbi chtho bopmbtb mobb mejmsen^ 
Sapox xyiuBcmiTB xexoirB. PasaicBcnifl lanu oÓcryiiBXB nojiaBy. 
B% TaBHCTBeflfloS bxi nanit CBaosarB pyieft. A^xyinsa Eapn^B 
eMffVh sa noport Bs6ymKE b norparca on caueiHHXi iyHet, 
pCuNaoiMi noTOBOMi aaronjiaion^BXi noaaHy. — Rymaft, symaft, 



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3inou GrwÉtibu 193 

pmiBol-^rosej^Ri on xhí b rjuu(vn ic<m roiwy »^mibo8 CBoefi 
jmoHU): — Kfmaft aa sxapowe... O^ceioa — OHa araraa, nHo^a y 
Mi 6nrpimBM; Bory onr mtíí aieprsa sejiimu: h» Bocsy 
cBbm anph^. KymaA, powiiSiftL. H caxb Bon lyn— Tynt xo- 
Wfit!h^iyrh^ — noowi mmooti* A K (iriflsy noBxy nwin&y, npo* 
ňftjo ee, 6()»» patesHiiQr^ Ohxh^ e«xi> F0jy5&! Chak ofs-K-* 
qiBO... EyieniB CMípHO cíxítb — it^eiBa n leúi BpkKSiiSHerB, 
lyciTb ne 6jfjeTb^ uexBiowb 6yJ^e^B Óajosank.. TaRii-TO-ca!«. — H 
lojetijinqefica hqzokb^ X^ MapaBJflerex n yiMm, h c& aac- 
lOBsirB jeaeroKb HasiOBief m HaA> hhmii, Ha&mxaa HenpecraH- 
ipt> pa($OTy nen. A b OAOJABaio i'po]iaAHH& jomot^ xjritfa, Ha- 
MasaHflBi seHiHirk jiexoirb, b rusý ke BHinHHy, i^ saxyM^HBo 
mpuíTh jbbH) BOKum^eHfliui coiBnem^y h x<Mm BocMaTHa oójasa. 
H Baaercfl uiA^ mo xasBO, xaBBO BHxin a bth jihjdiíi h btb 
oéiaia, B dwrh meuBBSi, no BoropoMy 8a(SoTiBBO pacxaauiBfkerB 
ite, B xaiTB se Kffxa nieaaiB coiobiiB, a pyiei cbbobbjte sa 
lepeBUua. H ^yvncB i&šy ^o Bce 8to rpera, b bco, ^6 a BHsy 
ieoep&, opoxonm npexp mboA bi cohbomi bbw^b... CrpaHeaB 
iciOBa OBiaA']bBaerB xboek mh^ b xapomo, b rpycvHO, b xoieiCB 
^BByn x^XJf ^aoési csopte men owb m, jaŮynnA h paatfy- 
im xesB jiofioBflmiB cbobmb piiaiíB. A coiobbb SBesarB b pas- 
muDTca cepetfpBcmvB rpezsiUBy b n^eiii ryxffrB BeyroMBMo* 

...Si BBsy jyrE, Baxb loiopym tojibbo nponiJia rposoBaa 
rpm B TBSBp^ apKO cijerB cojHitel BffUB rpoxoven rpoirb... B% 
Tpasb ájeemn poea b, boxo6ho lEepsoHi^oíi, mexusasoTb m^rue 
(WysaH^BÉA. Mbí BajsercB, ito jyn xiínserB, b j^Bfou, ospon- 
ttBHHe xoúBxenih paxocrBo yjiH^wicg. 3a iiyroirb pon^a r&CBo 
(KSoyBHjia BopniBHy. OtpoBHUB depesu ocflioBienHO CBepsaion 

OOel ilpBOi ^(SÍAB8fl0D B BeG6WM'B rjBHI^eiil ByXpeBHXBUX'^ 

sunen CBOfexi. 0% btbx:e jiBd^eBiy iioxo6ho ciesaMi, naxaion 
usm xoa^xs* B% poqi Boion B^roBOBHiiB ^TH^H, xejioxBqHO 
t^ensaeiCB BBOJva b xyByen yBBuiafl Bysynnca. Bet btb sBysB 
iOM^BmuDTs Hax% JiyroiTB B aaBBpaDTB vh orxajeHB^. Obojo 
fOiQi cepetipBTCB ptsa. Osa HexBBSBica. 3% nefl daxyvviBO orpa- 
vieg Baionr^ b ciapiit mxqbhbbi Apieifift oapoBBHyjicB laii^ 
^ CBeet Bopmeft b cb cBoeS loxouoft, odpocmeS sejeHUMi mo* 
3a p&iBofi. BenuoBuft jAcowk nq^noJiHaeri ospeeTHOCxB cyer- 
rpaHBHínrii nq^MOMi b 6e3apeciaaH£[M'B Tpecsowb JOMaio- 
W/ssxM, wksteŘ.' A Tamk Óonmoe cejo yTonaen fb paBBTax'^; 
flUflB BBOBBÍe yxapH Bajua; Beceio 6^jíierb crpofinaa cejiB- 
ttH qepiOBB... ysBair xoposKa pacTBopfljacB b BBerai nepnoff 
WěmA- m cua Bi ropy, a sa ropi sopBO eiopoium kbml spy- 

lEm T.— Chump^ 1882. 18 

jlár ■ ■ ^ ' ' Digitized by GoOglC 



194 W tĚ BĚMn UfOWBL. 



jyra CMaHHO wpeten noie. Tam XMan n(V(% rpewxy. JI xomj 
no KJirKOft naitnA, bhcoio sacyon BnaHiniUH, ■ cboC^xbo bxii- 
zaK) saTXjíiitt sanan CB^sepaspiiToi Bemui h BiassEii i^pasai% 
xjnnoBHrL rpaBi. fl rjusy Ha (SiBeianimrv) o^lecraocT^ na ju>* 
ma^eBi uonorjiHBo TacBaM>itHx% cože, Ba MysasoB^ SBono no- 
spvBHBaD^irb: «B08jr61 Boaitl*, h uwk fíÍMsexcM iaBm!0 ooo* 
tfeHHO zopomo h noKOtao. 

noxxosy B% Mocíb^. Mocten — fjoůpwpnmuŘ ciapiK^ m 
BÍ9H0 roBopím co UBon. Ohi xonaznaen nojiocy. Fpau burcs 
8a BMWh H BOBHpnm Hocami stiun^ Baria-TO tioteia qtbuui 
((oeípo xenBaK>rb y caicsizi ero Hon, odi&ueHaarB rpanv. — 
«?to, vajieiTB, tfiaroxaib Focnox^ sacian? -^ roBopan mbA Mo- 
e^BHi^; ocraHaBJUDaa niryK) Bo6iiJiy cbo«> ■ ouov^ cwpmMMmjtJ 
usamj.—Qrh, xena nazora-io!.. ViifM^ seifejua-To — ¥ajnrwaf., 
BoTB yso sacían rpeninn— 0yA6VB aainy icn. Tu jooúamh 
Bamy? — Eas^ noxa, ne jib)6itb... By/ifinn^ 6yxev% e^ Mimsot! » — 
H 0B% Becejo noHyBaen Bo6Hjy h Bossaen vh puziyn aeHii> 
ocrpie comHiBa. A a Exy sa hhitb ■ CMorpí) Ban aema xno 
H oxHOotfpasHO pasBajHBaeTCi noxi ero Honua, h npoBt^iaiBi 
iiTBHBH MenBaB>rB Bfpxi 6opo8XB, a CHHie rpav nepjíMmm 
pOBxrcs HOcaifB... Iloioca xonazana. Mocian caxnca hb ms^, 
xocraen mn iitooua Bpyio nocojieHHiitt xjtbůh ■, nepespecuicBy 
HaiBHaen M^jenno h ocroposHO icrb ero. & lOse &rB. Xjife 
MiB^ BaiceTca Heo6uuiOBeHHo BBycHiiirB ■ Mocftin Heo($HBHOBesso 
MEJuiMl... A Tose, noxoÓHO Mocifl^, ct^mdcb sesaiB xejtiMHO 
H cepB&iHO, H To^aTeiBao nox^apaD Bponnoi, naxaB>BÚa ea mok 
ROZ^HB. níramBa yoepxHO n^anzen BzasHy» Tpaay. — «Bot% 
noroxB, yjio noaoci Óyxerb, npazoxB lorxa,— roBopan Mocbnik 
BonHBi CBOft saBTpan:— aroxa BcaBaa dyxen*..» — A saai HOff& 
TpBBH?— TOHom Bspocjaro capaniBBaB) a, ciMeHHO yn^aa pyaa- 
Box^ rytfa h Ha6osHO specrzcB.— «HohÍ ipaBS zopomíj, — otB&- 
^aerb mhí Mocian, — Hoai Taaia ipaaH: sonesi TpaxiM^TB BacB- 
6u He ciazo. Hibb, BBBya) CHpocis FocnoxB noczazi!.* TraqM^ 
ona tiorten, noxa, MaTymsa... ByxeirE ch cftaqoiiil* -r Bh 
cmíazH rxiy azB atn? — BOnpomaB) a. — «CHifaza ecn aoiopiie— 
HacB ceMB cetfpORB ^) Ha rpaJK^Bot caaza. H<«, ip&BH TaBti!.. 
Mfi Borxa ofe Tpoai(& tfaza— Bopraa a<90HHTca^ Taaia Tpara... 
TenepBy rzaxa, no božího BOÓoiizay MatyHiBa... J^a ixoaaa Bca, 
CHOcofinaa, pasHorpaBLeL Cteo^ro aex^ ifexom...» — Hy, a aasa 



^} IIIa(^s— coelffi* 



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8JJDIC1I omnu. 195 

flt e^en qim?— «I|éH8, jspyn, toto ^nrotfH nftzoHBsafl: nan 
pjKien sa Kpyn, xa Kypvqy, Trotfi npd^odUEiL... I^tea Bacroa- 
aiuL. Hy h Tpimi se*.. 5fs-se, sána TpaBa>!.. 

...A Bor& xuMBi, Bctarape Benpepímcft njkohV).., Jí^mn m 
nyniB. BevejrE. 3n;pa yracaen. B% xo^nraft lycsio cbWtci Be-* 
ms, paBnBaacE raxiMt saBOxaMH. KaumcL HenoxBHSHun Kynam 
aorpiTCfl M Boxy. Bb Boexyxi icpauaa zraniHa. Exea aairifaaiaa 
TpomHxa 6ÍMMTh y noxHoaBÍi zomon h Bexen HeB^xono ayxa 
HtHiy yerajiyK) 7p^iy« KyxpiBiitt Kycn^eiKL sanoionm caaTu. 
Boioson«ti& ipeBOseo tiwrca noxi^ xyroi m (fescaiLHO sam- 
paen. TapaHraci Htipaeri. no soHsaiťB. — «rxi se mh, roc 
flOXB?»— TocuHBO menron mn s speenici h TaiHCTDeBHO npo- 

Bxpyn jomaxH BsxparHBaiorE ■ HaeioposnaKyn ym: xcurit 
I nponixHiift 8Byn yniiJio (fyxHn mmiHy. BxajiH nocjnnnajica 
t«KoS se omiBi. To ea xonfan sa^jH boom. Heoxomratt 
fBtei oxBaTHBaerb Hena. & tícbo npHSBiiaiocB n MarepE, a ona 
TopseciBeHHO npoHBHocHn ^yxox'6flcrBeHH]ift scajioirB ŮjAxakK)* 
mm ycraifli, h vk ysaoi cnpammaen paaHOxymHaro HaBio: 
<rxl se MB? Txb se mb? Kyxa x^BajiacB BopoBaa?< 

Mh sadjyxuB. Ho botb xojihii pa8xraraH)TCfl, h BMtoo ayc- 
taprasa, Mpa^iRoB eocHosuft i$cb noxiucaerE oboh Bopnnm* 
Cdobb TeifBBfl cocHH BpacHftiorb BpuniH, H cypoBHiTB iierajjraqe- 
drn (SjíeoBOirb tijecran npyxs. Bc^a oxHOotfpasHO myMETB, 
mepraacB cb xojiecB icennHipiI.. dw h eciB Bopona! Hjibu 
Mm CBmcwfrh a mmmyn bobse. Eoioboibtobb sasEraiurE no- 

POBBCTO S 8B0HX0* Tx^^TO BE XOXHOITB paCEaTEJIdCB E He^TaTeJIBHO 

yracio VB oij^LieHBB TOHSoe bxo... IIporpeMin noxfB Tapama* 

Can MOCTBEB, CSOJIOHOBHIlt HB SEByS) HETBy... OlOSBaiCE HCXO* 

BOJUHEEi ryjioMi coEEBĚ (SopE*«. IIpiixajiE. Batfynua csEMaerB 

liOBf BB leiLIUXl .CBOEXl OÍHeTBEXI fl BQXeň BB SOMEEXB. CEMO- 

B^B 6yniyeTB. flftqa e eecjio aBnerEreo BBriaxBBaiDTB Ch xape- 
iOBB. ^"ixyiinea-HexBEEKB npm^MEBO yifitteerea n i^&iyeTB Meqa 

B% lOfo XOIOXHBME yCTEHE... 

HOHB. CESy BE BpBXBI![t E CyeBftpEBtt ySECB JexeEBTB XOE 

wn. TevEBE oiepiaBiE xejnoBB, oÓciynEBOiEXi xoiEEy, pisso 
nxIintyícE he tfjšxHOifB Ee(ft. HenoxBESBHS tfop^ cypoao XMy- 
pnu. BxME x>KO 8aBHBaE>rB Bons, he uesbUEJs^ seycraHEO 
ip0imb sopnoBi E Boxa nepeno^HaerB jAn TEEHCiBeEBBMB my* 

WK. nOXB SeiBEEIteB, TEMl, rX% 'B^nOXBESEBEB OBOpOMB BÍaOTB 

mpm^ E o^&nmiBnoE ebb xpysso ctoxueiecb e nimEBiE b'b 
;9eM0!rft, nevaiun) croflerB bbiib. Mffi crpanraOi ho 

18* 






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19S 

eepme mm onAOCTHO aaicipacrK.. A (SatfymKa nownxaen nemM 
j Koel jioctejiH H xMvo (^en umofĚSh ta Msoft, sor^a x my^ 
v xo noApotfHOcreĚ paseKUHn jort ipo li Bpeaeaa, Borxa dna 
xpto)C!rHOio. Piacsasen a mrtapauuix, uuacx^ h jiodpuxi, a 
HeDOCBJOBSzib ^peciMionn piBoitxi^ o IlyrMOBiifirti 3Baiopyi> 
mpesMBua a moB... noitwer* icrt crtpíM npecanumaM cgaaEg, 

sicHH... H tfuroeaoBm^ h Mo;iuyen xeu^ a a xoiro 6yx7 "i^ 
stn vb T8MB0É Bomsi n onqpreBMH rjtMa, x HpBCJtjHs* 

BU<& B% 8>BW«aBÍ» MIBOBS, 6jfJ BOEOiamtE <Sa(^riBXHHS pA8^ 

csasH. 

...Onee Be6o nanuno oaptBuyjoa bv^ ciemi). SetexK 
ciflion Aposan^BMi (SiecBom x jiK)6wao CHOipon xa mujoD^ 
CMkjufl apcnian Tpnii xMBiqaev& xomyxv. A Bfr Ta6opft. Cpe^x 
qrpexet Becexo norpeexotaxn ovohl b xocapx maniot rojutow 
xaaxAaxmai KaBOL 3a ladopom Bsji!bu% bcubho pacnyBtexast 
JBňjWL, csoBOftxo JHMBHpaBHjpft OMBy. B% Bontm m^ ropAO^ 
BHXiuxmB eeipOBepiie cfora. JI xpBxxxxjjrB n ampoiofl ^ 
rypri Apyra Mefo, MBnxa OeKua, b «yno BCjiyniBBafl»eb wh paa^ 
roBopEi. Exen toibib o6% yposii, o i^sai^B xa nasoc^, o xo* 
etOBHCTBi Tpaxu, o noroxL.. O roxii hto ^paaxorpaBbe* Jiy^me 
«TBXOínm» B BTO xe AHfi Borx, xoxi xouxBHt rogi^, e^x^ IKMo^ 
a éopoBox). fl Bce cayixai). Mbí xo ecsaraiMooni ecaHOBxrex 
ACBH X npexxyiqeerBa paxoeft bAtsb napa, x6o Apxxiii roxo»- 
BOBI Bcerxa xe^en paxo cboA xapiB (xoiopfil oKBxaen xa eio*^ 
poBŠ) X Beerxa yxero poxfliCfl,--x xexpxFoxxocis xonx bobosix 
lecBOR), noTOxy ^to ex^ y boÁxa xa naxflTB, xaKb Abxx% Ilax^ 
JBXOBS noraxxi'B mam odpasoin i^^ys) xpoxaciB cM09exiQr», — 
B xeyxoócxxo xarBOt namxx xn npoca,-— y AxxpeB ^oponeBa 
B&pod^ xa laxoft nainxi erpamflifixni c^»&« 

Ho Bon nocxftjia xama. AnxeniTBiik xapi^ soiHmercB Ha^c^ 
lotaoxi. MoooBBcrsifl pyn xaiKvo yxiiBaxmB. fis rtUBůmj 
BQcmy xecyTCB xaBBXEni xaaxTBii; ipoittxxiiB jowui npxeiy* 
naion b% pa6oi4. "Bxa coBepmaerca xexuTenxo x aqcmřbo.^ 
UoGxh yxuxa piix oxuMoon. Gjunomai CMfbxh b myTBH, ciMxo- 
Banrit saxaxs xaxopxx croxn bs Bowyxft. Heataoro xaroxx aam- 
rxpaDTca bícbb. «Botbb iqxxhb* sBoxan xaxB cxexBX) sojinirb 

B XpOTBXEXIUTL BByBOXl. OqX^BB SaxteaeTB. Owh WMOAlípBfaf^ 

cxBBxyjii wá Óexpexfc maxBy x xaxxypBn 6pom. GxAXHft fo- 
Mc% ero xaBs 6a Tocsyen x xepexoixeHx BOBsexiaicB. A b cxaqF 
X ^yBcnjio^ Bass xpx BxteoBBn xorazs nicxx, oepxi^ xoe cmabi^ 
saxBpaen b BaBaa-To zoioxxaB xpasB xeiBBxs ooKoOom iípo- 



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sAoifn enonuL 197 



4JkEM» na cinart*^. E spiuftca mA, no xofMn ani nysn^k 
fltcBK ■ vm Bmero nin ■» MipA iipnanaM cma pjřcccofty 

A Bona n Bett sMtpaDvea enuniiBy mu cajinos miBOMt 
E OMiBson nňjwh* dexBia w^ra) eMaon ■ ■Moneqnm oipB- 
nn tiyjiHn ctenqm mn^ Kcik pijnw nox^ bsbi e rpngm 
XPii, BaMe-w oeo6oe BMautBnraie x^CMunerM mfe, soqii < 
Bono npuuoouo Hora k& roprasb éwaifT ttoaro gwOTowp; 
«& cB«n X M ntafc ipeimqerb &«&■« TiiioBm^ BireoBe nQxut 
MI TUOBy. 3a met oiBHOt nwa MfmMu w/bvn; isrnsauL ion* 
poca BepemoBicn woe ffcsaaiB. Mrt bo ne (íir to au niy» 
mmcí npeaeperb. pym h, m HopsBi cuetu^ otem Bea 
i^TK.. TatiysB CAMii t iM b% vfrijr. CUianti panaHOi 4><pnaM, 
VHKB, bbmkíI wnon wmam.^ Qnui oajmo CBÉrji«!t iqg^^ 
s ^RnosS ]qriopcBti ofosess Hemaarb wh lemnoA. Hepia^ 
jne ae on nn ^iqmtera lyfonL ^pgriore Tatfopa* Sociaep& 
tt Ecm exBE isiÉen^ ho iqn n^nran ipgdMnqpH, omjo lype*- 
Bd jqnrxHo pamma x^nu sfecu h sjbpnit foaon rpeoam 
Mm Aej^Mn vbtb. Ta6yHft fuSftmmcm m aomwk d«xuta 
■HBiiBaen mu m nmmnmauao coidii^aerB cbob laiay... (X aan 
loiMO normál) a tuobj, h Kaiol tfiaroxapBOciii) iiq>enaxHaeiOi 
MB cepxqe. Ho a st wnmMWD cdob lyBona — a nai), aus 
^aoipRs Ha BiK itmbjbbíi Mm lepoi: nprUbpi b» poiiaaax» 
Kyoepa, h nysnui, noxotinue 6ifwi^~a iiMaio cb BaauKKoa) 
KVumnoo HiBiiia a Heí^^esae poHMo: «jHggra!» llu iioxite- 
aatai ks eqtaaeHraiy cfoty. danwa eiteim n oiuja; a 6^7 
» MBOxa JOMiMb eio a, Hytao npanoj^ouMCii b& cqKxeflaxa, 
loiann bbt janonia i^oasav eamih. Eú n nň^pb m npemaBMj 
mmn wacoBUt oteui a noffKMMnM caaoca Bee oiteBavn 
pqfiatecnift Tpaoaax^ A Ba ctwm% cnmBss mA monor&y aepOf- 
pamMSíŘ wn^spOĚMf a giapauMBiril caftn a pytaHa, ooaaBa 
aiMBOi jaeaa.^ Aoxio cnycia a cjoimj aecemi Oexuanra ro<* 
B8ev-<**«H7a0HSb| Haioiai eMorpa HeBÍoiy<^ x«B»ř-^rBaopan 
<». CepeGpacniS catei DpepiiBaeii6oo.--«MoinB,flMauja!..»~ 
e& aftanob yapaBom oiagBaeioa O^poL JI ciiBav aeiOBao, 
BfMia BEa cípexaaazs, a EyKiBya)^ saart laqoiiM jummmňnB.r^ 
^um cmfíL.p WB&n bmu Onum a &uBao BauoHam aa 
ttoel BoanidaBBBat. A ^mjmjno ropaiee xHaade a bbsj rem^ 
waá ÓMBCKh caaBi, aarapni aiasMoa mA aacxteiJiBBRflA. FjrtfH 
iflit.Ba(iÍHaaBO aaaeiyia homsb. ^iBymaa Mgrflepauao xoxown, 
pan^pgracrit Aoasya aa Mnme obao a rij(foao mxse^ 
afaa iriiipB Boei^ ciaonx) h mmuj nyrjaBOvy xoaoiiBOBiy» 



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198 

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{MU n HCN^bii H exonso <poMiD ■ nua Msoro np^xeica sarb 
H Bisan nuimaim jfamn, bo aa » oeevh ůy^eth Baoaa ■ i» 
cavBi nospwb Óyxyn B ewpyu u ua ^ OB&pascBMiiMeray nn xairo 
H BECioSHBBe «onBBiix» y Hm Baoyciy BecB9»i h hto ynao* 
nrL Boe^Tan Be Mmepataa on b Bocoua: Becaa tfnja cyzttx 
H BfopflBas« Obb roBopBn o mOf san «<{a»flBa» iN^BBca 
iqpomiM HMoi B Be jxpotniLBnxh om^h^ a y Bsn ipa apcB nyr 
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A CTOsapH noHHxaiMrca Bce BHBie b BHBié» b aa maůuA rjauo 
saBBxaercfl sapa. Cdbauh FjaM bob cjoumn; ruosa deocEjomo 
noBBBaen vh xjmmcxOMj cšbj; zoiOABae BOBOXa BBCBOJuasin^ 
BffB pyBiB... — «1^xeBi, UBBOiyflixa, oopal» — ^(SyxBra mcbi O^i^mm^ 
& ch ycBJÍaBi OTBpHBBB) TiĚM B ^my Bd86ysilOB[Hoe ddA^nBO 
jEBqO) BBtxo BBBiQBeBHoe Biflo HBM). ^^BiBa Bcvsju. 3aps nJttr 
Mepiien ysBoi ooxocob. B& pocB«iot ipasb ii|ieatan BopocTBun. 
IIpoziaxuA BOiM(yz!b abomb^ aaroK). AjtoeciiB&e BpaoAoxftBaeis 
xteB B Kpofxo osapien cMSk. OcHwa ib]^0ts sa robí b rpe* 
MBn Ba BCB cifflB: <ro*dMhrol..» Ta6yB!b ^Qiysflo cfunaeTCi c:^ 
«ieza. SttUB ryjBO xpomarh dqmb BonuraMB BOBdt. Epinai 
wŠHffk pattAfiarnb bzb ppbbh. Cbbu xan Beraaím deiKoenBiím 
^yxaBiBis fl M^KumiBBO i^bicb... 

O, BUDOfi CBftaBeCTblD B MMfSMMb BeBOBMyTBIOim XBpOm QO* 

Bifldio Ba Besfl. Tenepi^ 0e8CBJ&Bii CBop(te, mwb ÓeisaiocTBO Mp^ 
saiBBB xeBfl eo^e Bmasro. Ha aoato jiB?-^He 8flaB». Ho b paBBO* 
JiyBiBQ oiOipK) Ba Bopoxb rasarb, (Senopnouo paafipocaBBHx^ 
no crojy, bb urb an bob>b9b BoppeoflOBjíeBipB ■» ApxaBreuon 
B KasBBB, lepBBPOM B Taxtea b asim rosf^ipn b BoeaS otf- 
flopBoB seifBB pyccBOt, b Bce íbd xasetca bbí S9iiep& (^JMoiai^ 
flo 6odAe... oxBoft toxbbo dpíUOŘ. He non^Berb PycB xo BOBqai, 
Byfb 86 Beiys& BoesjíBíMkK) b, b novTeBBftiBdt ^jiem čjpejiidim ae- 
yBOCBBieiEBO cMsaen xyjne! 

fl len diaiB b ffiiro lesan c^b orspumioi rjasam. JIÍp«o 
frapoe, xo^poe apaia (o, Basoe xotfpoel) BoocaBaio Bpexo ibiok^ 
pBX0B% njteBTeaMiiirBBap!Bfl%> a BwqiepHBBO bp&ubbbix, cbb^ 
SBBaionpB MeBx es bcbbbbv. S. lyacTBOBan, bbbs Hái^iBnuBOfr ae 
uni BaBÍBTo CBU, xoxob6 mbí BW&XQMBa, B yctaiaB hoi xbcbb 
6úffo m cmíio OB»Baia« fl BcncMCBBjn xob xyBii bb KyysuA.m 
H xo KH^ ciaxB mbí npozBBesB BpiqmcBiii njmfifák quft .es 
ecAusaexbBsaa oro cojBi^etfi b raiytfiiicB Mpeia, b ibbbbi 



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m 

enom xoioxoMib noB&uo m moha on fteniran nepcnesíHn 
BCifecnro pow, iro mhA ciíjo ciexHo^ m Bvaae JspmntM ocio- 
xnH ÓeenoBdhio naiaji ocasxaTb xeu.«. A mrxa x sacayjrL, 
TO fiyxio co cirtzoifi nofjaamn wm ony, mjwl seoTCfyímo rii- 
ilja noxcspETensafl Hon, m noaftrpftjn n TenBOiy ffipauwb 
BBFjflAOMib. Tam npiBpan Tpyeiuo yfiftrajn, floriMMafl apHJMMi, 
I faiiaiiaii]iaiiio moBsum m iiptfrt... Tan (Jeaeuuo aaioipaiH 
»j»> wpeDoimBmie oaap tfw b vockob... H aa xaiuo HeoorDtXH^ 
i^onyi o6pa8% poRUH bobui epej^ mboI. Ohi judCobho npo- 
cnpan mbí aésaru, a aaan míu ■eianamcB awoia h ne- 
lofiftjpnaan adaaafceicb. MaHsn n oatfft. A loapjrn aar<q^aneb 
Mftt wMĚeBŠmmfmsb oArom h spesiaBai iqrjuipuui nftcHa sBe- 
liia ée» KMqa*.. 

Ha XBDpi peaiia (Surpc 

12 MApiA, B^dul Meponb. 

Snn noftiaTf Jim BoaqMtiuaa. GHin 6Len n oua h ipy- 
»ca 6knini BtiHam. B» fpglífc aasHiaen Biiep%« B^n^n xo^a 
pBUBMi tfyrpara Bcnann cyrpote. Ho na mjwA mo n san- 
Ta crpaBM aecejsn mojhhiuíÍ catei, aajuMDiipft somaTS. Bc£ 
MeiH aa(^pocBn a m xanmi jnmKB b crapawai ae bcdokh- 
Hisa Bxa AiBHHBe C101611B, M^piuBeiaiie boiboS iiepaocnv. 
Karjut se a c noMBaa a^ w oqyiiaD 6on Ban otb opHBoeBOBnia 
la cimpof. Ba bboibí en^e aasBiBMl paB& 

Ceven npBHieM ko mri b eootfnvm, iro couiaTBBi, nfymft 

U ]H)teBBy, BpOCBlCB BOVBaTIr. ji, BOSeiBO, BOSBOIBn. 

Bserpo ciiepiaeiCB. fiavm ryxBi^ BqrcraBai. Taraa sa^yM- 
«B0 (SepÍErB atBtpffL.. Osysa fieaaiifcno BáwapaxHiaeica Bnry- 
MĚL dbnv ODannaen Bonaaini. OeveBa CHOBa min bi nepex- 
Bril. fl ofÍBUKh B ^MéBpaBMsa vh j»xcByB>. Tam no BpesHeiiy 
cBBQl lyieĚ URBn xiim b immi ffiuo^vwi empymajon ctoa. 
Jai^a vx% mo6^9m$xn% saxBoe BHAiaBÍe. B% nonetBom yrjiy 
cnm bOMKKtmn. OflBift ayHXBp^ BoÓpesHO HaBBHyrB aa ero 
BM«, paBBÍe jtu saavBiejiflo xonopavysea, bm BopoxaaLBoft 
ipyÓMXB nerca tanaai cípytaa xuia. Ha eroii jM»n BOicqp% 
«PycB», saxBBTa&aHft naiBivufB. 

Hpa MDtvi BXiyrib apoBetoXBT^ jeraoe BOtiaeaie. <Py€a» bc- 
b. OotoanKfc BvaraBarrea ■ amntiBiwo npBBÍícTByirn 



-* OxByia Thň^capěamBtao a. 

*^ Has Oa BBii ietepgypfa, aaaie Ónaropoffel 

~ Tam B eiysMa? 

-^ TMBft tam, Baně (baropoxíe* 



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200 

-^ Hi^ rHí6unj mneaaS 

~ Eyxa se? 

— Bs TMUim, MIM <í«rofOffe. 

— Bi MMirb non^ oiymui? 

— B^ aSMXifMiMM i —wío gfc 

Ji yroBi^iaio Bcftn caxHTBU h caaqfa enn. Mak Bowy-ist 
motfBKHOBeflM XMeics r > My i! L » mam h jrnnr^ anfOBenEne 
HU nomciH. Ho Birikrt os vIvb «rt c^yine h kimh), ■ 
HBCTBeHHo Msy j, tf» xoKoiamu M> moCpasiiyn n chbxi 
jon^ttCk fOHBjno ittHCTBaniocn. 3a nol? — fi jn se jaduB sxs, 
fl JH m 0(Kiii% vn tfocrtBBMB v Be cwip(Hhn éontuem, ot- 
paBiflvntHiťB HTB cyntecTBOBanie... Bi WMi xofl Mna? BftvomJii 
^TO.Ha mhí dopiyn, a na hhtb nocmmma fyŮmiAj s He.BkpD 
fl Bx <tei«iiisy I^qiBrrpax!B, h ne xojuocb iiaTyniB'6 Benadt II«t* 
Hmfi? H# lAxB a 8Ha», mo a flyaM% hus, no demma^ (Sesfi^ 
iiOBX'^ BOBHaHit dbth 6moMao iAÁnMx% negpfnpAtíĚ nmiBa ony- 
Tatk HXi xo MBqa..* A xes^ rtvs, am HejmneyiiftBia inte 
aííhby a aamn aw^vňrikpiem BcrpivuDn obe sob Donanui von- 
Wfmh ch BĚĚM ho fjuA. npeaue a jerae OTHoeaaea mh anmjr, 
Bo nocjii Toi n^expam, aotopyn fpMioct mhA ■emiTaft npoai^ 
joft aovMO, ao mhí oaouat v HaeiotaaBO aanmpua mna. Bs 
^Hiypazi AOKOiaxi^en, BeaaoKm khí xo apasopeocn, aacaao- 
aaio venqpa aaaoe-ro aaoe attpaaieaiey a HÍm*to rjytioao Óias- 
REMi noakajo aa mohi on jmi%... A obe BoaMDUuiCb a nepe- 
naniBancB h m eaymeHia DoapaKnaaia aa pyi^^ Opxqe aoe 
6oAm cocyniet <(onK>..» Ho wěšcA ch Tfti» aaft MyiaieiBBO ae 
zoi&N)c& oiciyflaia. fi n npeyaojnpieBBOĚ pMaaaaacTMo BHByn 
a iHUTfpan naaapocjr a, aan 6u aa aaaftiaa HBraaxMa, n ae- 
Xdyakaiea^^ odpaateaaiiaft aa ataa, Boaan Caaeaa aa BOXKot«.. 

la napily XflBb cojoMml. H6(^ MWK Teua. 

Caronaa aoian aoaxm* rojiaw Tpeapn. Bo pfy lywray w e a 
onipavaTeanaa ropen. Fpyx^ (Jojnn sBerepBWo... Bj6cb% coia^a 
aasercfl ÓesnonwtaHa^L. 

^fo Taaoe caapaniMa aispÉ? Vw^io yiMOBO rjrfnoe a-ca^bin- 
aoe. fyi, a npBBoaaaaa): a ten aiaaa H.npeooajrB oBoan 
XOMOHaxiteaB. JI noaaa) aaaofi-ro Tyaaa^s ro eaa8aa%t aoaano siy- 
nee onQnqeaie Boaa>Hefi BOxaa> ooKaa> aaaia^TO poanii a 6e8ioi- 
xoBua jdm^ KpaBaaBBu xo aaxftnoera. Poata a^príncb apexo 

MEOft H EpHMfljaCB CTpaEBO: ^M-TO TOPXXU JJŮa IfÉMOBaJlí aeBH 

MoapmrL noqbiyeai; ycB »aa)>paa rpoaao tooopaipjDieB b» pair- 



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201 

BM (MflOBtr, V BCe 9T0 TO HC^eSSM M BUOt^TO TflOMHOft Cf- 

iQMcfty 10 eH#Ba Bii;i^BruocB s funimo, mpoM ptospami pns, 
I mMtaBO jfejío n masa... Htwxa ^asroBops HOKn oode- 
clipnaoM xoxoxBM xo xem oneuwM) v bo^ m iwxa i n^ 
BanoKenM eqFímuii; saorxa «8 amuĚCk rb laMi^it) orymril 
r]» 1 Mj wn iJtttia iM^ ciOHOieB jřrpyvípm mu- ynm. llorxa x, n 
CMH Mepeff^ ůCMQMBSíM% ef mĚHWS * aaiipiiBafra n spnai^. 
Hf vA Basamcst^ «o 910 ne < ^ingrt a kM'-^ xi^yroft osbb^ 
orttBoirai, I M yffíKifsa otvraaott noMocn smno mpnwo 
11D17, Bax% on asecioio panaxiBaen p^iaia. 7 sera su 
leciepiiiiio spyjuiiacL roiosa s noxiiMajioc& aaRoe-ro (fyftaoe 
auMie paa0VA rpaseouft oiaaaHins, flaMioramrt w^uuno. 

^ k n umí cs laBfi ctara mI| roeiroxní, es Hava, xy* 
iwunr, Mxay dbmb?— eaffien val Bonpoci apacma poaw c% 
yoM, 1 cifaniBO mnejivra; rama ywiv, v mxo aauommreg 
Htio ]iH0K>« & ^yBCTByiD, Kas^b BBeBanHo np0Hii8EiBaer& Meaa 10- 
Jtittt q^aen 1 jnqo me ftii^ipten. ff »ňcaim&BO soBosy 
raMam a yiHtaBCJt xpacsot posš^ eiapaaeB cnruvb seno^ 
pisHBfi djíecKh ea nposopjUBiixi o^eĚ. Mos M<»ta)Dua rytfs 
jene^yn «no-io o «xrt cbitoto aavejia»^ o xytopeni csyai, o 
^^tmutmBmn^ ujmvaA^ aatoparo a, aan osMBBaerca, oco- 
(terao ysaMW w bÍ^hocis e npcKaowcn... 

— To^vos^^npeaaen poxa, a laiHaojiyiiiao HanoiBaen xo8 
mMUH, -^ fltioiPfy HJEi npraftweiis, esesn dysn... tfii aidtem 
ipilBicairie.^. 

Posa BHXHMo Baaranaen m bhjpíp apera. S cjiBBQr ovpii^ 
mB&ť paaaMb o fffen9ropBix% aoxBBrax% poaaa, a afnoaoxHO 
yioaam ^^Mractamatt ueiieHn Btax'^ noxBHnm. Eb «o-w 
Henpeoxojuufoe no cbo^ o^^Btamn cnapoon irao apanorf, a 
I ye^pl^ aawaaaaaa) pMA ■ ffuaa iqwaaaomy ojaofpmexbEuz 
stthHiHia. dio osoaiflieABO yxqpoiBOiNien posy. Saites Bce 
Mmaeroi lyiiaflQBn a ao^maoica yanoaiit mfm^ Toimbo 
cflycia aaaae^w ((eacM^tasaooiivnQe apau, eaoaa «iom paMsvrea 
XM a Heno. 9to roBopa) a. JI repaw ffmmiaaa/^ «o aaaaaol 
np^ivaa ae tfyxen, a iro nmmn ea vln pomnu fl rpora- 
leoBo aanuinpi^ oaaiieniia xpaaa MfScTBoaaocni* Ji ynoMaHan^ 
V|a|jupi -v^ Jfaaoaa — oteaaaax xonmamevK CBoan xypaaaiía 
v »*a»lx<aaO'0iir|rxa aaaimflea aioiii BaouÉisioib mm «» 
i^iil Apoft* Ho ofantt floion aosptaceirii oraymam« waa. fl 
>v9f uxh pacapaGHiBBdica Omim% m BetÉpoaraocn orapasB 
|Mi|aii^i «.ciaAno cmobr^ aporaie eaoa raasa, apaman aa 
^MivdeaofíMtBBifB uaaaan. MaxMao n eanoi^ aocy Moaay 



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202 

cyen nopmeHme cboh kjumm. Jixan osecTOWHBa oMéimen 
mAji^am vuovo^w on^a MBcaiua-fioo(>rj«8aro n Oxeecfc nct- 
TeuHO «QpBpÍ8M»« Eyu^M Ajraa npoBSKieiuo bissib h 
paBCUSHBMTB Bpo dpaBamy^ h npo to, san Dep«x^ «BOiidl» 
TO«e ropopEM n HiqKMti b no Miy eiaaocB. OrBgrjta-to Bsoorita 
nowsph «PycB» cbom hummics ha cmíft k^ iso-to f^tcvbo 
snAen f& hw^ snero le wyfciaMomíi ovpHWBi ■» nepi^o- 
Ml tw&H. Tměno a BosBmwo, faioo& h cmpanob aape^pnatB 
HMnKsyemi rsam: lurt e» itpaeoMirE yiaaiiBix>n sa n«y 
H no^lnoBOCHO ixnjn n m wkihniaau Á tíoaaj tojiock Mi- 
ztitnat: 

— He6ocbi TO iMmyenttl~ip«Mi^ ogb| pasnaaiMiiag bjmmm 
H yfiftiKwafl um 8iipM<wo(faiai% BaranANra: — nysu^-TO^ 
6pan, e^pft) a jmi-to y híio^ to wpn ci&n,.. Bon oia itte- 
nsa-Tol.. Mu Tose nonutaeirbH. Hc»i vose ho zMian Mvero 
tfpaia! 

— Ilpaifoe xíjio!— BOBnamion Aiobk — raaonraa rocimjwiag, 
a BO Hel npaxo BnxoHan -— npiiptauu A ymí^ ifo 6ape oqK^ 
BMxyrh — m) B&^a» " . 

& naxBíĎeh BospasarB, to mobi to cjiyiiiaion. 

— Ob nocoKb bísobi kovu BOjoma, — apitm Geiim, 
xaBHo yace oxpHnmH cb Haoryni: — h a^XH) ■ npaxtoi*-. 

— BwB nepcgijkiyl ]^i» mpc«ijyl« IlpoBaiBTBCfl san 
Mfai% — 6uTh TOpex&qrl.. — He^H^Mamo crpcsorcn ÁHaa ■ n 
BaBOMi-TO saxopTOirb pasxpaseHÍH Tonaen flMBa n con^i 
saKB 6]rxxo on hoto nojyiafl Bospasesia. 

A TOBisaio FOJOBOK) H éetq&iBTO enorptt, mk^ na ooift 
HpojHraa BOffa ciom MjmsmfL m <Se8iiopixowo pasi^pocanm 
ipoflDoa uite MOKiiyn vh srwrh jysan. 

-* Tewpna sasiiii aa nsm MaHepomb, bh, roeiKMin^ 
ocnapasaere HaQmporaBrB iroen b mejvfmwn ysasa, arapr 
M&pi?— pavxarrci cramt BonpMB. & noxBBaaro roio^r a eroia 
BcrfAiai^ qKAHxmBOHBBft B8op& pom. Ou cavo^^MOUTO q^- 
Tm ycH H CMoia aasHEnen. 

— Sanna se tůMma xaMpawB, ao? 

— San SM lan? — Mspaami a n wspuemm. 

— A Bon Towo WKh MU BaA H «paaftBaeirn nmma 
liTOiMrai xaMpoMA Bs aa cy uponurs yMta?.. H sasa hh ndhea^ 
iipe(iDBcaBÍe*«. — ^e posa «^e tfasae BaajMBaerca sa aul, a mvč 
npomnmoaeHHil soa^pn:^ Bs^Mti. 

.fl T^VDCh. & BaRHzaH) <Seiaaa<mao a yespevxai^ BsciajT^eMfi 
TíHfá. B% roiQBi^ TOoft Boi^apaetea miailnil xaoes. Jplcmi- 



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208 

leoBOcn ttseica msí tfpexmr^ SL jme Hnero se noHHMaio. 
TofHO CSB08E coffL xaieiaKyrB xo xeHJi HHoroBHaurejiBHHfl ýba 
MBxapiftt H junia ucua^ xoiiottffqGn, n rpoéoBoirB xonamH 
MWiaimmnrfc aram {Afanb, lOHyra m zEtíSmovh Tyxairi« IIo 
pkuvs BHXoxm mmmniB&BE lyxeca. Goi^avm BOBJteTByerD, 
m BBcmee Ha^anciBO fb GaHirrniBTeptfyprt oxonaiMBHo onpexfr- 
oif^ Haeian aeiui^ ■ ise lyn ji Be ci Becas naeiymirB upH- 
ptaa. 9m canuan cmnan caoinni ysaiifl. H npo ysan 
aHoan* Hm x^se, aaRs a Bctm npouio^ urajiE ero oo 
MapvairB. TmnOj ttan aponaeaDD ope doujo h npo nepei^J^, 
I TO) i^rjmiB Bxjm nepexfaau A nsb wmh ohh nepex^ja 
oaxavTB, TO Bnocii^xcnHi vf^mmvi <9Wn hm^ Hap&ssa. H 
eqe aaaien (^jma opeonuc, kohtb yvoíh soropsxB, h ^to6íi 
fitenr npoiHBi m^v^un^mcrUMsoh ho savnciBy. 3aiiiii ro- 
Bopui cojfftTHBx, 110 emfi laxoft ynn BHmen: se pdJkfOOk 
90 ioeiUKaa»9 a emum safB, to bo aenne xan sa 40 pytfjieft. 
Bopoiem,. astat) ysasa §h% ae vran b!b CaHKTBex«p((ypri, no- 
n^jj saeien i^bm xojnn h nptnacaBo, iro cseimincB iiysH- 
un, a no Jipo^wk ry<te|MiMn piseHk BraaBoro iňm. 

fyijamt a ymb enefo se hohhd^ Bhjo MRoe-ro otfn^ee i^i- 
jOBanie h desmatfamifiinee anaBuroHie lyBcrm. SaarilMi xpan... 

. Ouhy laai fojBos roiOBa a aaiaA ny^aa sasxa oxoi^BaerL 
ima. H aavbiTb CBapMen lasi apio aro coiiHqe? PyiBH sj^wn, 
B0|io6u upuaiony Be6o ciaten^.. 

Teraa n MOjnaiHBiiiťB ynpeRom noru^iia. aa xen a (Soiie 
npoxQjuaaTeiBHO, lim sorxa-jiH6o, TepBaia CBoe aiaHBHO. HepBii 
KU TOCuaBO hhjh, cepxA^ csaaaxocB ayiaTeiBHO... 

GsBepaaa niTyBa bto noxa^JBe! 

18 iiapia- CoíHi^. Pocrooen. 
Bci ora xaa a Hesnan, syxa aat x^BaTBca. HenpecraHEnS 
coneiHHt tfjiecKB san-TO crpaHHO pas^pasaetB mobi. Eaaie-To 
(Sesooiotirae nopHBii npajBBaioTB aenpepuBHiiMH BOJiHaMH. GByaa 
oásx&íGĚ TDCKOHf a CBOBa cBysov. JI ooaTB nepeiaran řaseni. 
Ha BBxa yun aajieiaa hha Tajonm oaoea^ a a aeoxaoBpaTHO 
^MUfn^ sepetfapaaa^an.. 

Hira €ao|ift'— ^Boe cbbq|i&o^. Upásla, acsi pii^eiiTH, ho on 
BOCOMateaiua B^meaaaieaiBOKB. Bi lea^Kxnío 
mpaqr a ai aaieGrai iiaieHiwaHnro epexeraa 
tiy oipaiy oaiartBmaft Poocht Ho cvpaaao: čepme ifoe 
19980 o^ineaijo n xoioxi, a ony aexociynHH rpasABacna 
BpcRO MHOl, aaB& ba aaxeflwooni, Mpma^WTh paffB 
iBi^ qMBtui^ nyapaBKBBHZs rjynocnuo a 




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204 

HWMCTBD, a ji pftBBOxyiQHO . cmm|w vh onusaffBO E c% 9faotol 
•lEHxaio CRyvmrv MHiQk 

He 8Ta n áaiuBWHe myr^ OMiriKarfc? I^douL.. Tenep^yas 
■ qyift(SflB& ne x»Hn mu. A memgj Tkwhj wfBctBym — Beoéie* 
ffoia OHi: Fpjfffc (ÍMarB) eepm ramm&iio ifa&mt suDen 

. A se 8»iii«n JIH BH^ wo nsv«a8VBaanui vnemreniíf 
Mtma es caMHXs vf&newh ^jxBuyymmu íi^mmymfiatBmBo mot* 
paen otl vaxomř Bqpei^i^ entres ddus, natře n#aa: a lOKe 
se xyiiax) ynpeTB 0T3b Haioraa^^-^fl yiipy orb xxyva*.. 

CeroxHfl Tetyasa paspasa jaa TparavfQofl npawit ■ m 
BOHifb BOBi^o^s^ licTtpmefeBa pa^manca. 

— AyiBBoI ~CKepauuaa Benu, HponH^cia oea bs hmocí^— 
desi cvaeTBfl v bojdi sarab Haas bs vonirt niiBa^.. Bypa te 
ipaHyjia, hto jnr9.<. 

— 9ama ea apaaMH iN)Bflal — ooBjacam a, omm^aMM m- 
seni, H n^flien iqioabpaTB ateoTopufl soa liDKoapfIna. - 

Ýbh, 8TH naxoBp&Bia m^ifnepfflMaa: rpa^^nnaBa ttktiaioBaay 
CToaiis onoposHraaiii, a aorxa a oamJMmn ^vnymayi on aai 
naxayju) Boxnet* dro ae zoponEO,^— npes^e oaa ae natu naib. 
^10 ecjiH not apnfips?.. Bifrhj MXMy xy«n&* 

Beiepoid wro non^aia tapa^ a creas, acreaaa saoaaaaB 
pywftaaaa^ njraaeB&ia vh apoErmtt aa^tysYniesa. Teiymaa cnaia, 
oÓescBieHHaa xaibieMs. A bs naixMa sBaaDxvt vartBs ^pofy- 
xan veaa, letymaa iiiia: 

PadCTanenoA ci To6ofl: 
Tocsa yracHTb maMA 
Moefl jtymH ÓoibHOfi!.. 

O cisepSy ciBeps!.* 

22 Maina. Tduo i jqio« Ci y^pa Jernft Mopoi». 

dm ffia šwan » aHMtmaia* Ban as xepeaofxs, aafti* 
autis Bs cejia, npoB^xtiBajis xyropa... Orpasaiai bs aasxýrt w* 
CHTCff HTO*ta Tpaaoacaee a noda-xo nemBETBHa oaoRnaaia yiiopHO 
6fo»rh vh mjpofjL Eaiaav Topfyana naaxo; YMUjat tbub. My* 
auaa MHoroaaaaafeaBBu a seefaiHe cepaOaaa. ílpa noeajeaía 
eaq^iyaa cofijwaagpca taaaccaeafiodii.w ToaB bs toib, aacs Moa 
XOMOiamH. 

Ba6H QflE^wians catampeocaBinHia. Hebui aparofOiEia Mne 
a Boodo^ paBsexymBH, aHn a» aoBirB aa seftas uj&p&ipe&xKCk. 



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uoĚSsa omiiinA:* 205 

O eAicmpeaůMem w&e eotíSmfaaí na&m. Ox-b, 9th rasem! 
ÍKh He BsrHaTb jih hxi ci taqa bímxh pycoMfl? He Wb eux% n 
CMyra bhchtl hw^ PycftH^ He asi as eaconuB bosxjxb ({esno- 

Mhofo jvĚssh iošmmA b unavrnurB HOBoaett. rocnoffn 
EapaiainieBi iipassaHi vh xa^eeiB^ CBixyn^ftro ^ejOB&Ra. Tepno* 
nsth nMjiBn dcwnBHoe «]ipeBociown«ifceno» b seBcryímo niiero- 
uen TenepB vh (J&ihxi mTBHaxi. fibrihaie OdosBunm npoxajH 
a ayBiQOBa; noerymuH) oso b% pysa cBOieoexodHtfiiBaro vejb- 
Hua B8& Ef^HBopoanuit Gepa^^i Eaam&n aaoipiiHjea b% Xojmo- 
repaxs.«. 

GeroxHfl nepBiiff pMB yejiiixaji& saBOpOHBa. &iCTpo ejieii^i 
on esb opofajsasB e BaanB&cs cepeOpBcnnnr ipeniiH... J^oaro, 
wuo ■poBOBU^ M er» BBPaBj|OH%« B% BHeotft ero Bpiuu npo* 
nouo eoíHi^e h «u aacafoimcB h aacBepQnuiB neiBRaDupotB 
CKpaaneicb. H Berxa notoHyn eai^ wh apioB uCíeciiofi CHHeBi, 
a seinyaLHoe SBysa aee^rasH xocfBraan xo ifoero cayxa, mbí 
KoaaaMCB^^-HeiSo niio h aporsafl Ójasa^ts b% ijf^j.% nšcsaxi 
HBGxoAHja sa seifjiH).., GojiHAe jbcsobo cíbjo. HeofíuTHafl crenB 
MOfflpaja BA cju^oeiHoft xpeMni... Cepjme Moe (hioob m TocKOsaio. 

061BML Teoio* Ci^ 86MXH noxHMaerca nap%« 

J^OBTopi ocMorpj^ MeHB H noBa^EiiB roxoBoia, 

— Ibfjj igy^ jao6emiŘmii ecByjiairB, no6eperHTe BaniH 
ynpesB... 

— nopa, xftBHO nopa!.. Ectb samejiB? 

— Kamjuix). 

— KpoBB saM^^aeie? 

— EiiBaen. 

— ^yacTByexe jHxopaAO^Hoe cocroaHÍe? 

— HHorxa. 

— Ho HOHaMB norteTe? 

— Tm... AnneTHTB Rax^B? 

— HHRaBoro. 

— Dopa, AasHO nopa yixaiBl.. Kb TOMy se y BacBBHepBii 
man... OqeBB^o, bu pacsyere. San^MB am Mysusa? 

— AxB, ara MyaiiKa... 

*— HoďosHTejiBiuiĚ BpeffB. BeperaxecB. Ciynalre bb MenroHy. 
SfMdhe BtfforpaxB. A rjasnoe — Hepau... Bu HenpeirlHHO nonmwu 



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L_A4lfcÍ "^ 



806 

ozpaEiTB oetfs on Bcmxi norpiceHÍft. Jfysntt-^BoMi cozptn, 
juo(kmb— os(miaÍ!aifc»> wcapmsi/maí... 

— OKOHiareiiiHO Bocnpen^aercfl. Bton an Poceni— -be dqai 
KunrB BBxoa%. ByrnaBie, cvfitfee, teponnec^ ofaepa h ditro 
Btm 6yAen... 

— An, lan 9to xopraio eMsuo, hubí xonops! Tan 
BMMMwrh Bbcat wn Poocia? 

^ Hh-hií... nepKit BpexB. Boe oeiajiBHoe emp Ty^ cDXt) 
HO Biem poodlCBÚi..* — Aonopi vBoroimaaTMBBO ■oxH&jn na- 
jiei^ H CB cypOBOCTBV laxMypHn ÓpoBo: — hh ' sa ^to ho pyvamb! 
—upamo xo(^BHjn om h yc&Ki ta ko^* 

npcn^ai me, ^wnatMii Ob XQROpom mym Boporm . Byxe» 
BUffbsmhOí, TTO BCTpbmrB xpyn xpyra h exraoxymo spoBia- 
Heirb MiHyBinífl qieiiraa. Ecjih se ffk%, eeisiiBiTOJiytfoft MeH* 
tovfi OROHqarej&BO xouflaBn nesa •victE wn Poccia»— ho no- 
MHHafi xeflfl jHXOMi. BcDOMn, iTO 1 6(xAn iBomn doifesaiai 
H CBopÓin TBOHMx EopoMK, H sa OTy BsaiMHyio noxibipoifiiom 
ne 8a6yxB nést... 

9to 8T0, ODfliB MysHsa? Azi| Torymn, Terymaa... Ho ona 

HO ciumHrB. Ona noen xposanvím rojiocom n nanyrcTByen 

MOHA jih>(Shmoě CBoeB niCHBK). O, saufl ne^ajBnaa n^na! Cepxi^e 

Moe MJi^en n TOCRyen, h HOBOJiBHUfl cjiesu BucrynaDn na rjuuui. 

Ona noen: 

BiHSKa n(^a pasiyur, 

nOCltXUid (SlH30K'B ?ac1^ 

Bi CTpaBy, rA'& hítb nenaiH 
yxoxHmL TH ors nacB... 

Addio! Addio!.. 

Ai. 9ptkib. 

Mapn, 1883. 



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3An03JliAIIía OTrOIOCOKX 

P0HAHTH3HA 



HOBAJIi XPAMl fi. TdTO: «TorBlBKAJ|A». 



BcflKoxy H91 uůjffb cjywiocB bha^tb xasejHe seji^sHiie xo« 
cnixH, HÍBor;iii oÓJesaBinie cpexHeBJksoBWO pHivípa, lenepB He- 
loxBHXHO CTOflnúe vb jTÁj BáKoro-Hii(^X^ xysefl uh apcenajia. 
Memfj HHMH MHoro xpacHBiixi, 8<]^kthhx%; vh cosepi^iBiH nxi 
lOSHO npOBecTH ABÍ*TpH npíflTHUfl MHHyni, IIpexcraBEirB ctíd^by 
710 Haftxeroi oxoteukl Hax^TL Ha cetís dra xocn^^, npofiTHCB 
n Hixi FL npEcyrcTBÍi MHoroiHCJeHHOft njůssoa. Bojbiiuihctbo 
spiTeiefi nosaj^OTb o HaopacHoirs HanpflsemH, o ÓesnjiOAHO no- 
T^^eHHoft CKii, luni yjHitfeeTCfl npoTHByp&dH) uesifj npomex- 
man h HaciMiiunrE, xesxy oticraHOBioS h ioeTiD]ioii%; * 6ojkie 
dfioaro lu TjjŮQiKATO Bu^wijAmB piuQtpcBiĚ xacsapM^, no 
wá B&poaTHOcni, fle npoHBBexerB. GaMne aocd^xh, npiiBexeHHiie 
n XBHaBeBie, niinasyTca xenie raymHiejiBHHicHy išm vh CBoeirB 
lesnaBOirb nomoik ApeeHajii, HanoiseHHafi lamxH, nuenaiiH h 
opnaMB— 8T0 poxAHmecBafl jBxepaxypa TpsxQaTux^b fo^obi, bbc- 
un spoHBJeBíeiii soropot 6iuni xparaxÍH 6. rDro; BuxoxeiKi 
m apeenaUi HapaiiEeHHHft bi pm^pade xochízh— 8to HOBaa 
Toro se aBiopa, «TopKBeiíaxa». Eorxa) copon xbrhTOuj 
Ha c]](eBÍ 4paHiQr8CKoB BOxexÍH TopsecTBeHHO sajifl «Em>p- 
i|iBB»i poMaanHecaafl xpwia nsajiacb orn^Toff h norpe(^HHoft, 
11% jgroi^ eiaMiby cxaHHOi vh usepaTypniit apnaib, bi icyseft 
8 osaifenijnixi jiii^a'7pfiHZ% 4^pn; ea HesaBOHHo- 



'Ijjjffkij ■' - Digitized byCjOOglC 



Í08 MGTHISl UřODu 

poKxeHHoe noTOMCiBO— tfyiuipHUfl ueiOf^MMU — ne mftjio ntero 
oÓmfLTO Cb mepaiypol; ea iBopei^B n rjaBa nepemen, hobvxb- 
Hony, Kb jqpym odjacni TBopvecrBa. BeesaiiHO coBepmaercs no- 
BopOTB BasajEi: «TopKBei[iu(i» BOB^pan^aen Haci n snozi «JIy- 
KpeiÚBBopxsia» h «PiDi-Bji8a». IIoarB, eroihw ciiinnopi nepe- 
snmift, auflercfl 8x6cb eneiíy ne HaywmnDfca h nnero le. 
satfHBmiiix, Ho ecn ae nepeiiiHucs asiopB, to nepeMiHuocB 
BpeMii. «TopKBe]iaj(ft» ho cysxeeo B0B6yxBT& hk npejueft 6opb6ii, 
HK npesHHZ% BOcioproBi. Mu roBopuH HexEBHO o spattHOCím 
uomfflfQ peMtana;* jnodoímmo taa^cmmrb ci heMh EfateAcni 
Apfluáro poxaHinifa. 

OriHwaibHOi wpTot poiiaHnsiia Bcerxa ■ seexb 6iuo crpex- 
leme n KoioccajBsovyi BeoduKtOBeHVony, ^peBBHUftHoiiy; ero 
rjaBHiii ^Erypu — ho JooMMf * hítto BHcmee uh HEsmee. Tai^m 
H HOBiifi repoft B. Fioro, TopsBeiiaxa. Ohi HcnoineHi jdÓobud 
Kb TOJOB^By H ^aiOBiiecTBy; ony HeBUBOciiia mucib o juoxaro 
noposan, eeisttjuw BeQFOtflxib kb Ů^bkěj a^ Sorxa <&paHcyi- 
xe-IIon roBopirb eiiy o Momrt, o Bftp&, o Muocepxuí} xan o 
nyn n cnaceflÍK), obi Bocun^^en: «Tii ciiacaeiiiB toíbbo canoro 
cetffl»! 

JĚíÁB les antres, riefllurd? Abl l^étetnelle cbnte 
Dta Aiies, aait et jo«r, pdre, & toule lifaiBte 
Dmw Peníer, poitefiOalt aotr |(oii£&e épeiumi! 
Dads Phorreor, cUos U flamme! Ahl tn te lairres, Goil 
Mais qii'e8t-ce que ta £u8 de tes firéres les hommes? 

...Ombre, enfer, ámes numdites, 
Qo^estK^ que cela fldt, poami qne to médltes 
A^ec tOB lit de paille et ta cnioke d*eav, sexiU^. 
Ta B'aa deoe paa ea teí, oqbudm le Bieu qni erée^ 
Une paternité íbnnidable et sacrée?^ 

Tépsaicb m rpimnioM) eoiai CBomn npnMaiem nin 
KdSaBiBBie xn waoeft^écxBa, TopKNMaxa ytiimaerai m i«n, 
no exnciMHHoe eptfpno ocBotfoBxeiia on ritamis , sarpotfnm 
nyn — 910 nyu aeknni, CMpfmpezoxiiqJbi. Orom socrpa, sax- 
xeHB«t> imcBflsn^ieB — exnetBeKnan impaBria nporarE axeiaro 
orat. «Poiir 9«e Tarfer ae ferme et qoe le tM se romrre^ qoe 
£mM1? Le bikďier. Gautériser Tesfer. Yaincre ťéternité par ťin- 
staat». 8a vm y<HuKAe&ie Tojmiexaxa roion ympen. ^xdbhbI 
oyXB npiBHaeT% icnovbxyeiiyD m ffiwrpsuy opecu), ipetfyin 
orpe^efliii or& Beflí; oam oeiMirefl HaooBOMtfBMBm h cnenlio 
cioffm Kb npHronmieHHyi) xu hoio Morajy. OiaceHHHi on 
cMepra xoBM^-Cano Gh jH)inB0ft-Po8ot,oBicKioHienBac80«>cio* 
pony Dany, cmuiobitcí Beoauunnri. n HenaBiH i laiRMffijren 



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sinoBXiJi^ OTroiooon poiíhtishi. 209 

mpuiu H Koerpii sepTBaMH icpanaro ywnLi. dforpa na crpa- 
VHifl OCySXeHHHXl, OHI BIXOTE TOIBKO HXl ŮjKymfiB tf jiaseHCTBo; 
m npexcifepTHHe ctohu sasyrcu eiiy 6ftmeHinfH spasaiiH ca- 
OBU, B» Konett KOToparo ootb BBtpHBaerL m ^omra. 

„Nons 8Gmiii68 deox loaa IWl de Dien, Satan et moí. 
Denx porte-foorches, lai, moi. Deox maitres des ílammes. 
Lni perdant les hamains, moi secoorant les ámes; 
Touš denx bonrreanz, faisant par le méme moyen 
Lni 1'enfer, moi le del, lni le mal, moi le bien''. 

^ xoHOMaHa, Bceu/bjío norjon^eHHaro oxHofl npexBdflroĚ HxeeB, 
H8 cjnqeeiByerL hh B0Jie6aHÍll, hh couobsiŘ. EximcTBeH&oe neio- 
BÍ9eaH)e tj^bctbo, xoropoe mh vh Bewh bhabitb — ^jbctbo ((jaro* 
JiaiaocrH n uoMXEiwh judasmi, ocBO(k>XHBini]i«E ero hsi xona- 
cmpcBOt TtopbMH-Monuii — He MŠniaerB ony o6pevB hxk na CMeprs, 
lan TOAKO offB jmBerbj hto cnacaa ero, oew xonycnura HeyBa- 
Mem vb CBflTHHii (xoHi-CaHxo BOcnojnbsoBajcfl saifeHiarB xpe* 
mwhj ttKB pHiaroiTB xia noxHflTÍa saicHfl, sarpasjíaBniaro bxoxi 
n n^BMy). Ob% otfin^an, nepex> rtm, HSBjen ixi hbi pysi 
lopoju; ycjuunaKB o coBepmoHHoicb hmh «CBflTOTaTC]!BŠ», obte 
Boeuiqaen: «Une croix arrachée! Une croixi Cest égal. Sauvons- 
les. Autremenl* — h nocujaerB sa hhmi naianeft hhbbhshiph, 
nosBienieirB xoropHX^B h OBaH^HBaeTca xpftMa. 

TasoBi TopKBexaAa, sa^yManHiill B. Vm!0. KaiRBom^eirBopeHHas 
ismesa — sb anTHresairB poMaHTHBH Bcer^a nyBCTBOBaiH oco6oe npH- 
eipaeňe— OHX ne ocraBMerB seJiaTB Hnero jynnaro. « Je ferai flam- 
boyer ťaatodafé sapréme, joyenx, vívant, céleste! O genre hamain, 
jeťahne^— 9roTi soHipacn ocraBuen sa co6oh> xase «^epBflBa, 
BinSieHHaro vh 8B^&8xy», jaseji, BJiofijieHHaro bb sopojreBy. IIo- 
dfoipoTB, opraso, Basoio qíhov Byniena 9^[4^BTHafl aETHiesa. 
I^Miixe Bcero— dcÍhoh) shbhh h xnesemfl fb rjiaBHOirB sm^, vh 
mmowb ff6ttc!rBÍH i^uu. Y TopsBexaxH oxHa toibbo mciB, h 
87 MsieiB owh noBTopflen Ha bc& jaxu Basxoll pasi, Borxa 
BftDJueica Ha cíleny — vh MOHOiort na xjiax6Hn(6 (npojiorb), vh 
pnoBopi^ CB $paHcya*xe-nojiB (2-oě aBTB), bo Bpeiifl BaBHH 
(3 -i asn). OTCH)Aa — Bpaflmifl xohotohhoctb, yroiiHTeiB^ 
Bapittfu na Texy^ acsyK) cb nepBEix'B cjiobb, npoHSHO- 
TopBBeMaxoft. OrcDAa— OTcyrcTBie BHyrpeHHeff 6o^h6u^ 
Vh ly MHHyry, Borxa ona tfujia 611 Bcero 6oJše eciecTBeH- 
m; OTCx>xa — ÓHcrpora h jierBocTB, cb soropoH) Topueiiaxa npe- 
Ha cxepTB xoHa-CaHxo h xonny-Posy. Ci^eHa iiesxy Tops- 
^epxRHaHxoiTB H nsaóeuofi Morjia HapymsTB oxnooópa- 

Ton T.— CBBXflBPB, 1882. 14 



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210 B^ormi KBPom. 

• 

sie BapiHHH, HsoÓpasHBi CTOjacHOBeme HHBBHsaTopa ch Kopojian, 
xyxoBBaro xecaoras^a ch cvbuasMWb; ho diorb uotewb exBa sa- 
Tponyrb EBTopoM^b, h bx^cb cniman^iiMx nepefixH vb HSJnoÓJieHHOi 
napajiJiejH Mesxy Wjusi ormuiH. HapaBH^ ci x^]faTH8iíO]r& crpa- 
AaerB h HcropH^ecBaa BCTEHa, noHHMaeicaa ne vb cuucjA crpo- 
raro BOcnpoHSBeAeHía ýasroBi, a vb cmucjlí npocroll npaBXono- 
XOÓHOCTH xapasiepa. Mosho jih AonycTHTB, ^ro cpexHeBÍKOB08 
HcnancBift Monaiiy ^anaTHBi BaT0jiHi](H8Ma, npHsnaBajTB CMepTB hb 
Bocrpš sajioroiTB B^uaro cnacema ne toabo au luaomjacsL 
rpimHHBOFB, HO H A^fl Hep^BaflHHHSf epeTHBOBi, ne t6jibboa^ 
HepacBaiiHHsix'b epeiHBORB, ho h x^a y^opcTByK)Q^IrB vh CBoeS 
B%pi( eq)eeBi? A TopsEeiiaxa otitn^ten aiiHoe 6jiaseHciB0 HxeHHO 
cosHraeMHiTB espeaiis — espeaiTB, bi uoueETb ciiepTH, sasB e 
npH auisHH, BpasKAeÓHinrB zpacnaHcisy. Bi ihcjí cípanniirb 

jr^eHÍB, COBXBHHHrB CpeXHHMH BftsaMH, MOa&HO, ÓeSTb COMHiHk, 

HafixH H xoJcrpHHy vh pox$ lofi, BoropyH) B. Ďoro npHHHCHBaen 
TopBBeMaA'^; ho npEM^Heníe ea exBa jih hlio rtLKh xajieso, xa h 
M^CTOMi. npoHcxosxenia ea 6ujia ne Hcnania speneHi $epxi- 
naaxa h nsaCeuH. B^poarno jih, ito6u thtpb kb otipasi hhbbi- 
SHTOpai jUlBylOI^ifi npn bhx^ apoBH, npHxoxanpi vb aBcrasi npH 
cbítí ayioxa^, Mon jhoÓhib ^ejOB^iecrso, tioji'6TB xynioK) Ba xas- 
xaro rp^niHHBa, xase sa He-zpHcríaHHHa, npnxoxHTb vb oi^aame 

npH MUCJH o BiblHIIXl ]iyBaX'by BOTOpiI£b OHI JIH9H0 XJIH <x6i 

ne ÓOHTCfl? B'£poflTHO jih, hto6u cypoBuft Hcnaneiti XY-ro bíeb 
Mon bba^tb bi BasHBx^B TOJiBBO HCByiueHÍe x^fl ynHpaiDiiiHXi, a 
He ycTpameHie XJia laeByn^HXi? B^poarno jh, htoÓu acserB, oo- 
spymaionúfica naxi HcnopieHHOCxBH) anoxH, mopb BŠpoaaTB vh 
niieŮEjv) CHJiy orná, BaB'B fb cnaceme ffis idpa? TpšniHHBH, cb 
TO^BH 8pÍHÍH acBexa— BIO Bc£ HJH HOHTH Bcž; ecjiH TBje^bj cjAvy- 
BaxejiBHO, laa^B se^B bc^x^b h Bce, i.-e. jthhitoshtb bocb ^eio- 
BiqecBÍĚ pox'B. dio yse ho mhcjib {^anaTRBa — bto 6pex'B cyiia- 
cmexníaro; h xMcTBHxejBHO, TopBBeMaxa cranoBHica nonaxHHirBy 
TOJBBO ecjH npHSHaTB ero cyícacmexmHirB. OyícacniecrBie — bob- 
MOSHufi Hcxoxi HJiH BnflsoxB xpaifti; HO cx^jiaiB cyMacmeciBie 
rjaBHHMi coxepsanieifB, cynacmexníaro — rjiaBHHM^B repoeiTB xp^*''') 
snaiHti sápaná nepepBaiB sHSHeHHull nepsi^ ea. TopaBeMaxB} 
6ojLÍe ÓJimiúA Kb HcropaiecBOt x^CTBHiejiBHOCTH, Menše saMBEy- 
mi Bi C(|)epy nenpepuBHiixib ^aJIJIH)^HHa^ifi, mopb 6u 6iitb saBiDTb 
JíEJípwb; TopBBeMaxa B. FiBoro — bto ^anracrHnecBitt o6pa8i^, OBpa- 
meHHufi vb oxHy apByiD, cJiHniBOMx apByio apacay. 

Ta se noroHa sa aHiBTesaMH, o Boropofi mu yose roBopaiif 
BacraBjfl ja poMaHTHBOBB buboxhtb na cx^eny naxnnixi .uaxefl^ Bae- 



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3in08AAJ[HS OTrOJlOOOKl P01UHTI31IIÍ. 211 

unHO noxHHMaeicHxi jiiotfoBBK), sjio^kb, b% cepxi^ Boropiix^B 
ooxpaHuocb oxHO Ao6poe, HBCioe nyBCTBO (TasoBH, HanptiMipi, 
KE npevHixi XP&Mar& Fiora: MapioHi ^e-Jlopwh, Tesfie, Tpfl6yjie, 
Jlyspei^ifl Bopxaúa). droiiy npieiiy B. Fioro ociajca Btpeni h fb 
«TopKBeMaAÍ>. MapsHSi xe-^yaHrejiB, Bonjioiqe&ie bcíx^e bosmos- 
HSTB nopoBOBiy cpasy oópan^aerca b:b araij^a, aasi toilro ao 
Hero xoxoAHTi b^b o cyn^ecTBOBaHÍn sHyga, soToparo ohx nepe^^B 
úwb HHBorAa He bhx^ji^b, soroparo oh'b en^e BOBce ne snaerB. 
06b OTOiTB npeBpan^eHÍH ohi& cam ccofin^aerB msmnejuiwh ujie 

SpHTeJflMl Bl JD[J1HHH0MI, ^yBCTBHTeJÍBHOH^ AO HaHBHOCTH HOHOJOrŠ: 

I 

„Cest mon enfant, le fils de mon fils! Ohi je n'ose 
Y croire encore. Je sens 8'éveiller quelque chose 
Qne je ne savais pas avoir en moi, le coenr. 
GoQp de foudre bénil choc subit et Tainqueur! 
Moi qui halssais, j^aJme... J'ai rompu mon dur lien. 
Je vivais pour le mal, je vÍTrai pour le bien. 
Ma coDBcience noire errait comme la loave, 
Je croyaia avoir tout perdu. Ciell je retrouve 
Toutí Je suis pere, álenl! ohl je puis désormais 
D'ai bas Bonrire aox pare et radieax Bommets, 
Jeter fortivement on regard yers la cime, 
Oů, né de mon fumier, croitra ce lys sublime!.. 
Je sens que cet enfant, ayec touš ses rayons, 
Vient ďentrer dans ma brume, et que cette jeune áme 
A prís possession de mon coear infltoe**. 

Bi cyxyB), nepcTByso, rjiyÓoso-Hcnop^eHHyH) naiypy iioserB 
saKpaciBCfl HyBCTBO— MH 8Toro He OTpHciaeMi; ho nošen jihl oho 
ouax^ ^K> lasi HOJHO^ xasi Bnesanno h neorpasHicO) sasB oho 
OKM^BaerB iiapRHdoirB? MoserB jih oho npeBpaTHXB HSBepra bi 
npaBexPHsa, ^ezoB^Ba, «sHBmaro au 8Jia», bi HejioB^Ba, <sh- 
Bynuuro fM Ao6pa»? JI^onyciHMi, qto ^yanieiB iiorB kb o^ny 
xiEyiy Bcet fjmaio nojH)5BTB Aona-CaHxo; aio ne noH^majio Óu 
&ĚJ ocraTBCfl no npesHeiiy «cJiyroH> aia>^ no OTHomemH) so 
BdiTB, HpoMŠ jK>6HMaro HejiOB^Ka. ?ejOB^^ecicoe cepAi](e ne h3mí- 
Hfleitfl laiCB ÓBicrpo, sasi AeKopa^ÍH na xeaTpajiBHofl cisfiEi; Tasx 
BasHBaeHEie ^changements h yue» nopa ocxaBHTB na aoih) (j^eepifi 

DB IVipCTBa «n^lBHX!B BeiŽHÍS>. 

fioHTpacTH, Aoporíe poiiaHTHBairB, noryrB ne to;ibbo cj^ao* 

HITB OAHHTB Sa APyrHM'B, HO H ySHBaiBCfl OAHHl HOA^ APy^OFO. 

Bb $y8HTejiš HopoB^B ycTynaen m<3&cto Aofipoi^xejiH; fb Bopojii 
iej^fMBňBKb crporoe cnoBofiCTBÍe n xoaoahoctb HepeAyioxcfl ci^ 
BÓiBUHiex) ' pacnyn^eHHOCTBiD h pasnysA^HnocrBK). HeB']&poBTHaro 
9í WHoa vbvh HHHero; ne cobc^icb yAaHeH!B tojibbo cnocoÓ^B 



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212 BSCTHm uFomi. 

o6pvcoBBH $6pxMaHxa, HofipaHHut noQiOlCb. Mh ysHMn ero ne 
B8% x^Bctbíě, a m cjion; owh ceitl onpexiucn ce68 vb pas- 
roBOpJ^ CE ^yaHiejeirb. RÚ^ 6ii ipiHnevB bh (bjtb ^pxnaaxsi 
xan 6a Beano hh 6hjio npesp^HÍe ero k% co6ec6xHHKyi of^K>- 
BOSHOcn ^t) cjmnioxi Benxa, ^itoÓh 6im npMffinoffl6aoŘ. 

...„Marquis, j^aime affreusement les femmes. 
Ceci me pltit de toi qae tes moeurs sont infámes.^ 
NoQS «Toii8 Pan sor Pftotre ane obecare fenétre 
£t 11008 Toyoos nos coeort linistres... 
Étre un mélange obscur de s&ng, de fen, de poadre, 
De caprices, pareil au faisceaude la foudre, 
Yoaloir tont, essayer, tavi BouiUerj toat saisir, 
AToIr 80if ďone femme, aToir fum ďnn plaisir, 
Ne pa^ Toir one Werge, one proie, un d^rdre, 
Un coenr, sans tressaíllir du noir besoin de mordrej 
Se sentir de la téte aox pieds Phomme de chairl.. 
£t ma femme, ce monstre immobilel je snis 
L'e8cla?e de ses jours, le for^t de ses noits!** 

Tan roBopHTB o cetíi h o CBoell seni nošen (SansaKOBCKÍl 
Borprai, HO HO $epj(HHaHXB Eanui^ecBitt. ^irypa Bopou, mu- 
sáro, cípacTHaro, noíHaro a»8Ha, ho npiHysx6HHaro cxepjuBarB 
ce69f nocBTh xacRy, npeTBopaiBCJi neBOSHyriMtiicb, sajQncaHa 
B. TioTO npespacHo; ho HcnojiHeHÍK) ea spexm, spouA toilso- 
^TO ysasannaro HexocraTsa, npejBejH^enk ^pxH h mucju, cboS- 
CTseHHHa poMaHTHqecBoll iiaHepb. «Et j'aí, comme un dragon 
qoi se dresse au soleil, répanouíssement monstraeax du réveil... 
Plos de jong) je me rne á travers le mal et le bonheor, ayant 
ponr bnt ďétre animal!» Bi xynA ^pxHHanxa TaHici 8io6a npo- 
THFB xyioBOHCTBa, BaKb HpoTHFb exHHCTBeHHoft nperpa^H, nepex^ 
KOTOpot XMSHO HHorxa ocraHaBjniBaTBCfl ero caxoBjacrie. Cítěna, 
FB KOTopot $y8HTeiB, pascuTHBafl na ery 83o6y h seiaa nox- 
BonaTECfl noxB TopsBeifaxyi pHcyerB nepexi aopoiem saprany 
BceMoryn^ecTBa hhbbhbhiph — jyqmaa bo Bceft xpani; B. P^ro, 
BOoxymeBjeHHHt cnseroirB, xccraraerb bx^cb hhopxa nopasHieiB- 

HOB^CHaH. 

„Grandir est on abas, peaser est on forfait; 
On est hardi de yÍTre, et c*ett nn péril ďétre. 
Au centre de la toiie obsenre on Toit le prétre, 
Cette araignée, aiec cette mouche — le roL. 
Lliistoire on jour dira: ce fut Páge da feu. 
Ce siécle fat nn temps ďombre et de vasselage. 
QnVt-íl fait? De la cendre. Au glaive de Pélage 
La fourche k remuer la braise succéda. 
Et comment se nommait le róí? Torguemadal** 



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sinosAAJOil orrojocoiTB pomihti3mjl. 213 

O^eHB xopoina, n xpyrom pox^, h m ci^raa, vh Boit^t 
^pXHHaHx^ H ^nÓeiM ycrynann cotfjiasHy espetcBiurE f/eimrh. 
Bieen saioia, ciosa $y9HTejfl, xftBHHmHU aHnmaTLi, Bce 9to 
uicA Bsaroe noOys^taerb ^ejMlHHanj^a soscraTB nponm Hta TopK* 
BeMaffi — noMUOBaTB espeenb, otm^hhtb ayioxa^, noxBTHTB nn 
uraafTHps AOHHy-Posy, Ho saRE csopo yracaers ero Mysecrso, 
ero p&nHMOCTb! Grom toabo TopsBeiia^ noaBsnca h csaBaiL' 
HkioiBxo ciOBi — H ^pxvHaHX^ onflTb y ero hotb, oostb bo 
Bcem <rb hhicb corjaceH*^. noAnHeme sopojui iraiLBiisHTopy Bnojroi 
eoeciBeHHO h iCTops^ecsH BŠpHO — ho ony xojcBHa 6sjia npex- 
meciBOBaiiB (íopBÓa, loiopot mi Bosce bb bhxhmi. Hcto^heke aroft 
omón MH yse yiasaiH; ona odifleuerai oxHocropoHfloer&H) bi 
(XSGBHOirB sainieit xpaifH, vh otipscoBsi Topseeiiaxu. 

Emfi ueBÍbe iipaBxoiiaxo6HmrB, iíitb caiioo&iHveHifl $epAH- 
BaHxit) npexeraBueica MOHOiorb nami AjteacaHxpa Vl-ro (Bopxaúa), 
KiB^xeBBaro na ci^eHy (maTb-iaBi paxB a^HN^^^ ^ BOHipacra. 
^pascya x^Hou h TopaBOiiaxa ojun^erBopaioTB co6oio XBa npoTHBy- 
maoMBse nojuDca saTOXEi^Hsiia — bpotoctb h cypoBOCTB, npon^eHÍe 
1 msBh; XJU noíHoni RapiiiHu paxoiTB ch hhich noeraBieHi enie 
nxH^^^epeHTHsirEy dSduyaTHpyva^t bi cbo») JuiHHyH) noiBsy 
(a fa cayio Bjiacrb i^epBBH. Xox^ x^tcTBÍa bobco ho ipetioBaji^B y ^acria 
mm; okb aBJuercs na MHHyry toibbo xu tofo, htoÓh BsieKa- 
aan, 6e» bcouo noBOxa h Cen bcskoII HaxotfHOcni, cbok) pro-< 
fesHion de foi, oxenaKOBo orpni^aioiiiyH) h naxeaaxH $paHcya-xe-nojiB, 
1 Bipy TopBBeMaxii. T^iy spoiii poMaHTsqecBoft xpamu, 6um da 
BOBKOSHa laiaa hciiob^xb nami, xora 6u 9Ton nana h 6im Ajie- 
leaHxpsb YI-oĚ: 

"Fils, Tous vous demandiez pourquoi 1'homme est aur terre. 
Moi, je yais en denx mots lé dire. A quoi bon Uire 
La Tórité? Jouir, c'e8t vÍTre. Ainis, je toís 
Hors de ce monde— ríen, et dans ce monde — moi. 

..Je prends li mon teryice 
Ce qa'on appelle crime et ce qu*on nomme TÍce. 
Llncestei préjugé. Le meurtre, expedient... 
Ajons donc de Pesprít Profitons du temps. Rien 
Etant le résaltat de la mort, vítods bien!.. 
Je sois ane faim. Taste, ardente, inassouyie. 
Mort, je ?eux ťoablier. Dieu, je Teux ťignorer. 
Oui, le monde est pour moi le froit k dévorer^. 

Ki riaBHHMi ^BrypairE xp^mh npHMURaiorB xoH%*GaHzo, 
WiHa*PoBa H BopoaeBoál myrB ryxo. IlepBHe XBoe— BopRyioo^e 
luiytoi, BaKHTb yse mioro pas^B, nocroaHHO oxhhmh h tímh se 
^•CKaMv, H8o6pasajrE uowrb (9pHaHH h xoHHa-GojB, Foaojib<j^o 



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214 B^OTHin iBPonn. 

H KaiapHHa, Mapifl h Rosena, h t. js,.); nocaixHift — CAkbuA 
CHHHOiTb ch mesciiHpoBCRHxi myioRB, coBepmeHHO bsudiríII xu 
xpaHii, pasxí^JuuoavB ci ApynoíH A^BcTByioii^HMH jiei^aMH erpacTB 
KS caMOo6iiH^eHÍH) («Moi, je snis hors de Thonmie... Je rampě, je 
r^u*de et je snis inutile»). Bi ero pojiH eciB, Biipoieirb, wir 
CKOJiBRO y^HHiin cTHxon — HanpsM^pi xapasropHOTHBa ^epw 
HaHxa, HaaribinsH na^B BaxojiH^ecsHMH MOHaempaiiH («Toiit con- 
vent dliomiiies confesse le oouvent de femmes ďá c6té, fáit la 
fante, et ťabsout, avec paternité, et régnant sur ces coeors dans 
sa toute-poissance, leor 6te la yerta, pais leur rend ríimoceiice»). 
PoMaHTH^ecBas no saioicjiy n no xapanepairL, noBaa xpaiia 
B. Tioro noxaen pyxy npezHHm h no nocrpoisi^, h no bhAId- 
neft 4>opH^* B% noei^BaTejiBnoeTH ci^en^B, b^ pasBarin x^ctbís 
nocTOSHHO npeo^Jia^aerb crpenjieHie nopasETB, yxHBHTB, norpacrn 
^mraiejieB hjh spniejitíl, norpacTH hxi ne crouso BnyrpenenirB 
XpaMaTHSiioiii noMsenifl, crojibbo neosnxannociuD, TanucrBen- 
nocTLH), ÓhíovafiV) na Boo6pasenie o(k:TanoBBoB. EopojiB (b^b npo- 
jiort) Bxoxnn vb MonacnipcKoe MaA^nn^e ne upesfB XBepB, a 
HBpeffh OTBepciíe fb ci^hš; npiopi, npHnHMaa ero sa (poxaiy* 
rposETB eny ciiepTBK), noxa sopojiB ne (5pocaerB CBoero nnaoranio 
H Bi^ CBOK^ o^epexB ne nepexoxnn si yrposam. Ho^eMy ^epxnnaHxy 
B^yiiajiocB nsÓpaiB laKoB crpannHB nyrB kb m onacmpB — bto ocraerca 
nensBicmHirB; aBiopa o^eBHxno npeiBemn Bonrpacn MeacAy npio- 
poMfB npBroBapBBaH)n(nirB n npiopoiťB, npHrcNBapHBaemiirB kb xasnE/ 
TopBBeMaxa XBapasa npoxoxnn no cqenš, MpawHt, saraAO^mit 
n tiesMOJiBnEiB, npesxe i^itb BUcrynHTB ch nepnirai cbohitb Mono- 
joroiTB. EnncKon^B yprejuBCRÍB, npHCJUmnufi vb MonacnipB x^ía eyxa 
nax^B TopBBOMaxofi, ne npnsuBaeTB kb ce&b noxcyxHiiaro, a cam, 
BM^^cri CB HOHaxaiíH, OTucBHBaeTB ero na BjSM(<^Bn(t nraicB pas- 
Ónpaen x^jio. Orcioxa — d^^^Brnaa mise en scéně. Temb&n; Topa- 
Benaxa, npoesnecH cboB MonoJiorB, ctohtb b:b BBcrasfb, cb pacnpii- 
Tuiii pTOM^B (la bonche béante), cb rjiasaMH, noxnfliEiuB vh ne($y; csaxH 
nero noflBjaercfl 6es'B myiiy cna^aja oxnnx M0Hax'B — cb onyn^ennHirB 
KaniomoHOirB, cb CBpen^ennuHH na rpyxn pyBaiiH, noroicB xpy* 
rofi, xperift, niiue x^cflTBn, bc6 cb sasperEiMH jim^aMH; onn 
o6pa8yK>rB nojiyBpyrB obojio TopsBeMaAu, nnqero ne BHXfln^aro n 
ne cJHman^aro; fb n^enTp^ nojyBpyra cranoBHTCffi naaonei^B, 
enncBoni — n na^Hnaercfl cyx^, saajiiaTOnieiťB Boxoparo cjiyssTB 
nocrenennoe nncxosx^Hie Topaseiiaxn vh sapante npnroTOBJíeHnyH) 
xornjiy. Bb nepnoiTB x^Bctbíh no XBopy BopoieBCsaro saipcanpo- 
xoxňiTB npoAecdfl HnBBnsHTopoFB, orapanmon^aca sa noBofi sepi- 
Boft — npoxoxnrB tojibbo x^a topo, hto6h spnrein noBuiJiH ea sna- 
Henie, aorxa ona npnxeTi, vb Bono^t nocjiixHaro aBxa, sa xonoirB- 



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sinosxAJmfi OTrojio€OB'B PouLHTHaxi. 215 

GsHZo H xDBHOĚ-PoBoft. OHHcasíe npoi^ecciH secBiia noxpo^Ho; ne 
aalbirro HH^ero, htó mosctb ycyryÓHTB ea yaRact,— THranna HTop- 
zecTBeHHocTL mecTBÍfl, iipa^HEie KocnouQ MonaxoFB, nepHoe 8HaMfl 
ch ^epenoMi h eoctamh. BecB Btopoft aBTB, BOBce HenysHdfi ajia 
jtpaiiH, HanojiHeHii BSBicTHiuín naMi yse MOHOJoraMH $paHcya- 
xe-IIojiB, TopRBeifaxii h nanii. B% xpeTBeiTB aRii^ TopBBeMa^a, b'b 
HHiesaoqyH) xiiHyry, OTAeprHBaerL saHas^tei — h sa hhicb BHA'bH'B 
ropflnúfi yse Kociepi, cb corneĚ cosHraeiraxi espee^B. Hsi cpeA^i 
lec^acTHiixi pasxavTCfl kphbh, BoropiirB ne Óujío cjmniHO, nosa 
(Seui cnynteffB saHaBŠci. ^erBeprsĚ — h nocji^AHiB— asTB ORanqH- 
Baeica, xaKB mu yse cxasajin, noflBjieHÍeM'B flHKBH8BT0|K)B%, npn- 
ien, fM Bflniinaro s^^Bra, ohh noAHHHaiOTCfl no jAcTnmsíbj 
cq^fiTofi 8a ci^eHofi; CHanajia BHXHa tojbko BepxymBa TOpearo 
SHaMeHH, Ob nepenowb b bocthmb, noxoirB Bce SBaiifl ci sHaiie- 
HoeqeiťBy hotom^b ajiheheib mepeera ^epfliiz'B h Ó^jhxi MOfia- 
Wfh. He HanoxBHaerB jb aro najaia vh «MapÍH Tio^opb* , dso- 
B&qit porB crapEsa vh «9pHaHB», xš^noe pacnflxie fb «AHsej[0> 
(Bomexmee vh noeiOBHiQr noAx BxeHeicB «la croix de ma inére»), 
npespan^HÍe HBn^aro b:b BimepaTopa vh «BK)prpaBaxi», nicHB 
ittfois, sa asfimoŘj npepiiBaianiyH) nocj£xHi8 MOflOJorB TpBÓyjie 
n «Le roi s'aiimse*? PoMaHTHqecBafl xp&Ma cbato xpanBTB cbob 
npexaBk, — ho es. mojhíb b rpoMii oÓpaxBjíBCB sa a&bhoctbk) vh 
npociHfl MejioxpaMaTH^ecBifl «ficelles». 

He hsmíhbjicb, nasoHei^Xy h bsbib^b poMaHrB^ecsofl ApaMu; 
m6u y&bfínrhcsi vh ^toitb, ctobttb toaro boiomhbtb MHOroe bs^b 
npBBexeHHHXi HaiiB ipiiarB. «npBSBraHÍe axa», «qepHafl cob^cib, 
csHraHnqaflCfl saR^B bojhbi^i*^ «BejiHiaBafl jibjiíb, BErpoeTafon^aa bs^b 
HaBOBa», «qyAOBBnpioe cÍBHÍe npo6ysAeHBfl» — Bce aro nepenocETB 
Haei FB TO xaBHonpoHiexníee Bpemi, Rorxa Mexa^opu n óÓpasH 

«^BaHE» EJB «MapÍOHl Xe-JIop]CB» 6IUIH COÓBiriflMH, BOJTHOBaB- 

BQBiH napna'B, $paHipB), EBpony. OxymeBJíeHifl hojoxoctb ÓojB^ie 
risE, npeyBeiiH^eHifl ea ocrajBCB. CrpeMJieHie ri RapxBHHOCTB, r!b 
^mAj ciuoqib h pflAOM^B nepexoAHTB bi BHiypnocTB^ b^ mapsi; 
cpaimeHÍfl no-npesHeiiy orjBíH^aHxrcfl cm^jioctbh), ho ohh maníte bh- 
xj^OBH, ^icB MfoRH. «Le HÍd du cormoran, le trou du basi- 
lik*, — ^TOBopnrB RopojiB íyBHTejK), — «sont les points de départ 
poBBibles ďune vie comme la tienne, errante, envolée^ asservie*. 
*8entir couler sur soi des fleuves*,— laRi nsotfpasaeTB OH^Bcanoro 
*íi, — «voir des mers vous ísoler dans ťombre avec des plis 
SBHny mbir Tétouffement qu'a souš 1'onde une flamme, et mome, 
Woiř le monde infiltré dans son áme!.. Je suis Pabíme, heureux 
r^Palcyon! Je sens un tremblement ďextermination... 
Ote obscnr et fermé, j'ai dans Táme un orage etcent 

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216 Biormn iBFonfl. 

courants contráíres. Le meurtre est mon ami; les Calns sout 
mes frěres». $paHcya xe-IIon, CMorpa Ha ^epeirs, Has^iBšen ero 
«ce cráne hors da gooffire homain, eomme un récif». T(q^RBe- 
iiaxa BocuHi^aexx, npOBOW napauaiB xesAy co6aK) h caiaHot:^ 
«il est dans le cloaqne et je sois dans le temple, et le noir 
ťremblement de Tombre noos contemple». TasHTB npHMŠpoBi 
jělOXro 61U10 6u npHBecTH en^e Macoy. O xoctohhctbí CTHxa Cb 
TexHH^ecBoft CTopoHu KH, KOfieiHO, cyxHTB He ÓepeifCfl; ho He 
HysHO 6uTb 4^paHi^y80M*B, ^To6n bex^tb yciixie, cb Roropmcb 
HHorAa noAfiiipaerca cosBjrHÍe, ^rotiH ^yBCTBosaTB upoBaH^HOCiB 
Hi^BOTopHx^— BnpowiTB, HeMHonixi — míctb ApftMu. EoFxa npíopi 
HassiBaeTB Bpena «CTapHM'B oicrynHKBOirB*) to mosho csasan 
yTBepxHiejiBHO^ ^xo ohi oÓHsaerB evo 8xhm*l nposBHn^eicrB tojbbo 
éa HenpÍHCBaHieicB Apyrofi, 6ojrbe noxxoxan^eĚ peeiiH («Gony^t 
mal garde. Ronces et bronssailles. Dég&t qae fait dans les lieax 
saints le temps, vieux rénégat»). Eor^a Bopon roBoperB npiopy: 
•mais Tévéque ďUrgel est ici», a npiopB OTB^naen: *cet hon- 
neiir, nons TavoBS qunn éyéque est chez nons en yisite», ro 
sBHafl TflsejiOBicHocTB OTB^Ta MosoTB 6uTh o($BflCHeHa TOJiBBO rtn, 
HTO hoimeiir peoMyen c:b seignetur vh npeAuxyn^eirB, TÍsite — ch 
víte b:b noaifyjomewh cthxš. $pa8a paBBsna: «roi, ne noos faites 
pas chasser á coups de piqaes, et Dieu vous ouvrira des portes 
magnifíqaes» Morjia copBaibca tojibbo cb nepa, yroiuennaro npo- 

' XOJiSHTeJIBHOĚ paÓoTOĚ. 

?T0 se ocraercfl,. sai^iTB, fb «TopBBe]caA%»? Hšcbojibko chjb- 
Hux^ cnBE^h (b!b HasBanHiiiTB HaMH, MOSHO npH<!aBHTB en^e cíleny 
cyxa Ha/(i TopBBeiiaxofi), hšcbojibro spacHBiix^B cthxorb, mnim 
He CBflsaHHHXB CB xpaHoS (HanpHifipi Óónmaa ^acTB MonojioroBi 
$paHcya-xe-IIott). H^Jíoe ocraBJífleTB nacB xojoahedih; na Basxon 
máry HyBCiByeica nenponopiuoHajiBHOCTB MesAy ycHiieirB h pe- 
ByuxaxoMB, MesAy pasiiaxoHB h yxapoicB. B% AexoHH^ecsHXB sa- 
Typax^B, saxyMaHHiixB nooroicB, uu bhahmi ejih cyMacmexmaro, 
saKB TopKBeiOMia^ hjih iiejiBaro Aecnora k pasBpaTHHRa, sasB ^p- 
AHHaHA^y HJIH saypflAHaro ABnionaTa h xypTHdaHa, savB $y&HTeiB. 
Jl^ase pasBflssa, lasB TnvixeJiBHo noxroiOBJíeHHaa aBxopoirB, nošen 
npoHSBecTH BneiaTx&Bde pasB^ na ci^eHi, npn xopomet oócra- 
hobbí; AOHB*CaHxo h xonna-Posa — bocbobhh syBin, ywcTB boto- 
pnxB He B086ysAaeTB bb nacB tfoumoro HHxepeca. PoitaHTHie- 
CBaá xpana necoMHŠHHo ynepjia, eciH AEse laBoll xajiaHTB, Eas^ 
B. Fiaro, ne Mon HSBJíeHB ee hsb rpo6a. Ona cx^Jiajia CBoe fjbiOj 
paq^ymHBB ycJiOBHUfl ^pim HceBAO-uaccHqHSMa, pacnnipHBi o6aacrB 
HCByccTBa^ OCB060AHBB HBHBB H cjEorB OTB xkŘcma. pjTTHHHinrB, 
cxicHffrejiBHBíXB npaBHjiB. Ea Bacxyra, cb 8toě to^bh sp^HÍa, ne- 



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sáHoaxiinl OTrojio(íofi'b pomahtismi. 217 

jisa H (SesenopHa; jBtjrHinie es, otfpasipi HaBcer^a ocraHyrcfl aoctoě- 
HsufB isywHÍfl saKB HCTopHHecBÍft naiíflTHHBi, BaR*L npoHsiiexeHie 
sair&iaTejibHoft bo bcíx^b OTHomeHuixi anoxH; ho BOCspecHTB ee, 
Bi cmícit noBTopemfl CA&iaHHaro ch), Tam se HeBOSMOSHO, BaB% 
■ npHSBaxB KB SH3HH reponecByH) anoneH) uh uaccH^ecRyio xpa- 
reiÍH). «Tons les genres sont bons, hors le genreennuyeox^, esa- 
san Byaio; vh HcajBtiaieHiH), ycraHOBJíeHHOiiy hitb, mosho npH(Sa- 
BRB eiqe oxho — «le genre artiíicíel*, T.-e. Bce x^a&Hoe, He- 
ecreeiBeHHoe, HaTflHyioe, pascwiaHHoe HcajnnHTejiBHO Ha bh^hi- 
Hifi d^^KTB. Uox^ 810 onpex&ieHie noxotxeTB, KOHenno, ne o^Ha 
pemaHTHHecBas Apaiia; oho saxBaTHTi cotfoio h soe-^TO hsi o6jiacTH 
fiOBfeftniaro ^paniQrBCBaro Haiypausica hjh peajnisMa. BnojH^ sa- 
soBHiit H FB Bscmefi creneHH noJiesHHft, sas^B peas^ifl npoTHBi 
poiiaBTHBMa, Haiyp&sHBirB rpiniHn HHorxa orcrynjieHiflMH otb cbo- 
ero npEHi^Hna, HHorxa— craniBoicB BpafiHHMH BUBOxaifB hbi Hero. 
Taxfe BniBoxH, lojffh jh)6obb Gepsa h Ajib6hhu Billapaxy («npa- 
dynoBi aÓÓaxa Mypa»), rasie anHieru h cpaBnema^ npHHŠpu 
xofopEirB 6iuH yusanu naiiH fb craTBŽ o 3ojia — aro totb se 
poHasnaicB, vb cienca HsiiiHeHHOft 4^pM^ npaBxa, xyxosecTBeH- 
jna npociaia k lairB, h sfjbch npHHeceeH b'b sepiBy noroni sa 

BOBraHOft, sa OpHTHHaiBHOCTBIDy Sa B^^^^eSTOlTB. Ob XPyrOft CTOpOHH, 

910 iipeo6jia;iaerB cjiHniKOirB ^acro fb ynipa-peaiHCTH^ecKiix^B ons- 
camxn ^Nana^, «Pot-Boaille», «Assommoir»y «Yentre de Pa- 
ris*? OipeHJieHie nopasniB ^HraTejieff RapraHainr, npes^e ne na- 
zoAHBuuucM Micra FB HBfln^HOll jraiepaTyp^^ HecjmxaHHOH) p68- 
lOCiBi) H rpyÓocTBH) BBipaseHÍft. UpesHeMy HarpoMOSseniH) sjio- 
X&mit cooTB§iCTByeiTB lenepB HarpoMOSAeHÍe rpasH. BescnopHO, 
noeiixHee HM^terB npeHMyn^eciBo nepe^B nepBHiTB, noroMy iro oho 
diHse KB HCTHHÍ, KB shshh; HO HepezoAs sa HSB^CTHyH) qepry, 
OHO Taise BcrynaerB fb oÓiaciB <HCKyccTBeHHarosaHpa»ynoTO]iy 
no BB ocHOBaHÍH OFO HO jiosHrB tfojiBnie HaÓjnoxeHÍe A^ĚCTBHrejiB* 
HOCfli. EaasAoe hfb noxM^^eHHiixi ABJíeHÍfi, fb OTA&iBHocrH bsa- 
108, MoserB 6htb h coBepmeHHO Bipno — maps^B sasjnoHaercfl fb 
míerHot vxh rpjrnnnpoBKb h OBpacBft (npnnoM hhm:b, naupHicipiy 
xm Bsůfioiyb fb «Pot-Bouille»). BhojhÍ h ÓesycjiOBHO cbabb 
Bee-peaiHEiia ci poManrESMOM^B 6yxerB nopBana tojibbo Tor^a, 
- Mw HOBaa mBOM nepecranerB roHfliBCfl sa neÓuBSJíiiuB co^era- 
^KTOFB H ciOFB, HepecraHeTB HanpjiraTB ^aHiasiv h My- 
aSHKB, ITOtfH OŮien Bl B03M0SH0 coBepmeHHyiD, «Mpa]iop- 
Ipr^ H2R «6pOH80ByX)» 4^pMy B03M0SH0 60Jňe HHSMeHHOe co- 

£. Apgihbib'b. 

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^MAHCOBHfí PIII1:APL. 

CkEHU H THDH H81 KÁPTHHl C0BPE1|BHHHX'B HPÁBOB^ 3l7kflk 

J(jLfiHKHHCÁ. 



I. 

Eoie nftíunewh crpammiff ^HHaHCOBuff xpíma, paspasiBinites 
vb napHsi SHMot HHHimHiro roxa h noEiesmift sa ooóot omen 
noíHoe pasopeHÍe, onacrn ÓojBOioe coRpameme cocroamS y mho- 
secrsa jiHqi, npneaxJiesaiitHrB ri Bucmeiiy, npeHMyn^ecTBesiio 
RjepflRajBHOMy h aerHXHMHCTCROMy oÓn^ecTBy IlapRsa. Mh pas- 
yiribeiTB Raiacrpo^y ^BHancoBiirB npexnpiiTÍfi BoHiý. dro co6um 
J^9Ulo aHrjlificROMy poMaHHCiy JlseHRHHcy Teny xia poMana nox^ 
sarjiaBieM^B: «A Paladin of Financemi Buoseme Roroparo xh 
npexiaraem BHHMaHiio ^HraxejieS. 

OiracaHÍe otfmHpHofi a^^epH ci ea paBHooÓpasHHicH OTHomeHÚnai, 
H ea naAeHÍa, xaJio ^seHRHHcy hoboa^ HapicoBaiB sHByn Rap- 
THHy n^bjíOŘ otfjacTH coBpeifeHHofi SHsmiy — oóiacni apyiiHoS 
a^pu,— ^H BwicA pflAx apRo o^epqeHHUx'b THnoBi h noprpeiWB 
A&iOBoro, sypeajibHaro h RjepHRaiBHaro napsasa. Ha 9n>ifB a 
cocpeAOTOHeH^B raaBHiift Harepeci RHHni jDI^seHRHHca; poMaHiqecue 
aniiBOAH HrpaKyrB fb neB nmb BTopocieneHHyio pou, nodioMy R 
vh HameiTB o^epRÍ ohh ycrynaiOTB mícto ocHOBHOMy dosery ponana. 



Ejecran^afl h pasHOzapaRTepnaa Toina eanojHAja xBOpi rpamrs- 
Orejfl. Buji totb nacB sna, RorAa caMHe sanosnume iisi Bas- 
xpaRaBniHxi bi BaiHROJ^neoB ctojioboA, .no naTH ^paHBOBi ci 
lejOB^aa, cx bhhoitb^ iieA^ieHHO BunojisajH na leppacy. rpymni 



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' MHJUiGOBHfi p&]i;apb. ^ 219 

n q)H, ^erape TOjOB^sa Baiii osHBjeHHHe pasroBoptz. MysHHHu, 
sasypHBSi nanopocH, c:^ ji^HHBii]r& bhj^omi noiarEBasHCB Ha b^h- 

CKIXL GTJJUbAXl. JI^aMH, H3'B ROTOpurB HHBUI ÓUJIH MOJO;^I H 

ipacHBH, cnycRajiHCB no nmpoBHirB cryneHAMi bi cbohxi 6amMa^- 
nxi Ha BHCOKHrb Ba6jiyBax%, npoHSBOAH na moctoboS myifB, 
ol^aBniift BEHManie AseHUbiieHOBi na crpoftHiiH hoskrh h HSflq- 
fiyio oÓyBb, soTopufl HCKycHO BiicraBJUiJHCB na noBas^B cb homoh^bio 
lyTB-^yiB npenOjtmiTOfi bíihihtoII k)6bh. Hhuh bhxoah A'^a2H 
SHaKB^cn^My, ho npOBopHOMy soicMHCcioHepy, h Ha sobi ero 
xTHOBeHHo aBjfljHCB CO ^Bopa HiH CB 6yaBBapa pasHcoCpasHiie 
araiiasH, HOj^Bissajn k:b BpHJBiQr h saÓHpaju napa^HO oxtxuxi 
laMB I ^ni^ie6ejiBHiixi KaBaiepoKB. TyrB 6eijh npejteraBHTejH 
HOBITI Beix^B naiúoHaiBHOCTell. IlapHsaHe cb nees^^Hofi Jienio^* 
KOt KB nerjiH]^, (ojibhihmh óanraiiH bm^cto rajLCiyxa, cb nano* 
ipeHHiiiiH ycam, bi fijiecTan^BXi nuflnaxi, njiOTHo-oxBaTUBaiontHX^B 
imiD doprysax^B n canoraxi cb bucobhmh Ba6jyBaMH. Bon Ben- 
repei^i, ne Óesi ycnixa oÓJiesniHlcH fb aBrzificBit yrpenníB bo- 
cnoiťB, xoTfl ero leMHaa Bosa n (^ojBrnie, saspy^ennue BBepxy 
ycH H BHXftioTB eit) Hai^onajiBHocTB. Bon abí^ npespacHsiH aí* 

ByiDBI, MOJIOXHfl, BUCOBÍH, CB HOHTH BOJIB^aBfilfH ^BHaceHÍfllIH, CB 

vpmMi, nanoMHHaioniiHMH 2BeHniHH'B PHMa, ci lenHUME rjia^aMH, 

OHyHteHHHMH XJIHBHIUfH, meJBOBBCniMH piCH^I^UíH, rOBOpffTB *Ha 
VfSBBaiBHOirB, HO HOBHaBOMOMl fl8IilBÍ. CB jD(OBOJIBHO ÓOBOÓpaSHHlCB 

^ejoBŠBOirB, jHi^o BOToparo, cb toiíhuiih BpyraifH nox'B ritasaiiH, 
oSnapyuBaerB npesHasH syiesa h CBasannoĚ cb hhitb cByBH. 
3io pyHHHi CB xo^epBMH; OHH npiixajiH npoBecrH u^cai^a ABft 
HRerpftEHTB 6ójBmyH) nacTB roAOBoro Aoxo^a cb sajioseHHHXi 
H i^pesaioseHHiucB HMŠHÍfi KB dioiTB paK) CBOHXi e^BHonjeHeH- 
moBB. Sra nojHOBicHaji ^ana bi TeMHO-BopH^HeBOBťB aijacnoiTB 

WSSÍÍ^ pa8rOBapHBaH)^aH cb BUCOBHlCBy Xy^UMB, CÍAOBJiaCHH'B 

rocooxHHOM'B CB apHCTOBpaTH^ecBofi, HO oniBiiniefi ^^sionoirieft, 
masa. Bio bhaho no XBHsemflirB ea icajieHBBHXB, TOJcreHBBHXi, 

yfflMHHIECB BOUI^^H pyBl, HOFTE BOTOpUXl^ nOBHAHHOliy, B% 

impi HO noB<^ofl nteTB'^, no ^epninrB saBi yrojiB r^aBairB h. 
tipittn, no tfjBtecTflnpiHrB BOJiocaui, coCpanHBiicB bi rycraifl boču 
lA ei BpacHBOt rojioBt, no piy c:b BpacHHMH ryóaif h h mojibhme, 
l<HiHH]iH, ójecxan^EMH 3y(5aMH, naBone^B, no ea mjiflni, Óoraxoe 
>l9f3MBo BOTopott xocxaTOHHO rpflSHO, ?T0(^ BUBBaxB BOCToprB ca- 
M» nuDHUt) BHaxoBa. Becejo CBť^iorcH n tfojraiorB bucobía chjb- 
\ BV^ HfŘsfB^^ xiByniBH CB laBEiTB se^ BaB^B oni; i^^TyqnifB cra- 
ftt ffMirraBiieHoaťB. 3to anrjiHHaHBH; hxi 6ojBniie ÓJiecTan^íe 
^tey Ma^^Sne rjiasa cb cjiaBHiiMi, flCHEiMi, npaMo^^mnHirB bh* 






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220 B^CTEISl tBPonu. 

paseHieMx, h npeRpacHHt jjpbrh xeujíl cocTa,Bjuuorb ensemble, He- 
jiHineHBHfi CBoeo6pa8HO& npe;iecTH. JlHi^a nocroiiHHo or^Humi 
roHHO vb BueflxocKoni. Ohh BXo;mn fb ^imubHH), bhxoxsti bsi 
Hefl, BuxoAflTi HS^XBepefi pecropaHa, nociAinHO nairpaBJíflHxtcfl na 
Tejierpa^, rl xonropy oreia. Otb BpeiieHH xo BpeiieHH cb ójjot 
Bapa Bjiera^ra nocuj&Huft hbi MarasíHa ci naBeiaioi^ Bya^p!^ 
nocjaHHiit, BOBBpan^aionuflcfl cx KarairB-HHÓyxB billet*douXy xopo- 
meHBKafl 6oHfia cb a^mh, Mauepi Ch ÓHpsH, hu noprHHxa ob 
rpoMaxHOft BaproHsoft, 8aBix)HaiDiitei kb ce6i Bam*TO latn 
seHCBaro lyajiera. 9to i^íjuiě MÍpoicB, mon rpaHi^-Orej^, (tb ero 
mecTBX) BTasaMHy cothamh cjiyrB — ^pani^soBi^, aHrjuraavL, hím- 
i^eBB, BTajBJiHi](eB%, BeHrepneFB, mBexoB^i iiiBettivtpD^eBx, speojOBi, 
apaÓORB. Ohx cam cetia cnafisaerB rasoirBi dJiesrpR^ecTBom, na- 
poiTB, TopryerB BBHOMrB, CHrapaiin, nidteTB cboh peciopann n cafés, 
OTBOXHTB noMŠn^enifl xifl 6aiORB, CBa^efiHHXi saBrpasoRB^ o(^e- 
CTBeHHHrB oÓixoKB. Bcero rayiuiienHie — ero c^eriL 

3to lasse nx^OBOt i^eHipi. Owh cjysHTB Mtoom rendez- 
Tons AJifl arenroRB ^HnaecHciOBi. GH>xa cieiaKrrcji ocrpoyMHne 
aifepHBaHipi (tb naTeHraiiH, ÓJtaroj^apa Boropmii xojishh cociaBHTB 
ceG£ sojoccanHiu cocroaniji. Botb AneerjiBMeHX hkb Bpauuii, 
BJiaxtioaúft mecTBK) bojioiohochhiie poBCKinaiiH hju npocTpanciBOiťB 
Bi H^BOSKO Tucfl^n BBaxpaTHHxrB MHU Ha pis^ YpyrBaš, ncrHia 
paem; owb fotofb ycrynniB cboh coBpoBnn^a Boero sa híckojibío 
MBJuioHORB. BorB rpynna anrjHHaffB, 9ax>^aa HeBosMOXHOt ioh- 
i^ecdn XJfl npoBexenifl jsejiiBHo-BOHHOft xoponi no 6yABapaii^ i 
xpyrafl, KOTopaa BexerB neperoBopH AusaiuDiemfl sonipaKia no 
ycipoftCTBy Kanajia na nri. EaexneBHO kb stotb yxoneiBnidl 
KapaBancepafi cieraeica cb noxB-xK)SHHH xa^HTUMenoRB cb npoei- 
Tami KB Bapnani, n kb hhicb, usi nyxs k% Me;Qr, nnyn 
MicTHiie MH naiypajniBHpoBaHHiie nposeBiepii, Koiopioni hsoÍSk- 
jyerB IlapBJBi. 

OxnasxK, vh 0KTfl6pi, y oxnoro hvb ctojrsofb onycriiaro 
pecTopana oieu oxnnoKO CExbjrb KB/ewtJUMewh. OpbisH ucobi 
noBasHBajm naiB HnnyrB TpeiBflro. JíjmemMhueBh cmxbn lyn yse 
6oJiie nojiynaca. G:iyra racsonei^B noxxoxnjTB kl Heny ffa pasa 
H CB ocoÓeHHHifB yxapeHÍeii^B cnpanmBan: 

— yroxHO JEj monsieor, bo^, JHBepy, cnrapi? 

MonsienroTBasBiBajCfl orB npexuraeMUO secroin, h bo Biopol 
pasi laBEMi cepxHTEiirB b nonejiHTejiBHHifB, hto cBon^ysenmiS gar- 
90n, 0CB0p6:ieHHiift vk cbohx^b cnarilnrax^B nyBciBarB, oromeii (Sop- 
MO^a CBB08B syóii: sacr-r-é juif! ttó ne x^ajo Hecrn ero npoHH- 



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^hhjlhcobuS phiup^* 221 

QHenBOOH. ExHHCTBeHHHMi onpaBXEmeMi xuHeroMorjiocjyjuiTB, 
fio n rjttar& jases BCJiidfi, rt^ HH^ero se saRaBHBaen, xaKh. 

^enauieHi 6uá% He espeS. ^obojlho ipy^HO 6um pasraxaiB, 
DO 9T0 6urb. Ojá^Th owh 6iiJí% xasi napesaHiiHX, npaBxa, Cb 
lemini npeyBannieimniH, htó 6uio oco6emio saiifoHO na nuumi, 
cftBcmrb H nepexBai^ ooprysa nocpexHHt— yrsepsxaTB, hto y 
lero HMŠercfl laus, SHaiHJO 6ii sctiitb ony; no ^erypi, owh cmo- 
Tjrin wjíobíkoiii aftn nsTExeciTV, Koropiifi «nosHjrB». Oflx 
(kn HiuBe qiQxnro pocra h chaho cioseHi. IIpaBas pyaa ero 
ieiio DOKoajacB na xaieHBKOirb sei^^oirb ctosmíb, nepesh Kpafl 
Boioparo CBimHBaiacB khctl ea, HeÓoJBmafl, tiijaff, ho MycKy- 
jnafl. Ohi aepiij^ Meaxy nanivuni CBÍT:io-c%pyH) nep^aiay, 
H 9IBKB xBBsemeirB BHsasuBan soibi^o cb spyimmii Hsyiipy- 
xon. ,2(pyrafl pyxa 6iua neÓpesHO nepeBHHyia nepes^L cinrosy 
ayia, Ha KoiopoirE owh cbx&h 6oKOWhj pyxa ara ÓHJia vb nep* 
wxfi, XByMfl najLi^aMn ea okb ;tepsaji:& TpocTB, c!& Bejuncoi^n- 
BHn mapoiffB an xanHCB-UByjH, otfBBTmrb 8o:ioioft siitefi Biťb* 
CTO HateixaniHHKa. HaÓajAanraaKi stotb okb, rl pasd^aHHOcni, 
OTE BpeiieHH xo BpeMeHH cocajTB, noTom ormnian on ry(Si, au- 
HmarB aapMaHHHe ^aca, BBVsafifíMjrh n na ciiHHHe, h cHOBa 
npejiasaica pa8MHnueHÍa]r&. 

Bcaaíft, xio cjy^afiHO BsrjuiHyjx 6u na 8Toro He:iOBÍKa, npo- 
men 6u mhho cb j&bmMfimeMi^y hto oh^ o^enB neapacHBi, ho 
spmcn 6iuE ón nopasenx Mon(bK>, BOiopaa caasHBajiacB bo bcíxi 
neprán ero.jHi^. Botx ohi chaji mjany, lui uoxewh nsynaTB 
ero. Jln^o bto xobox&ho 6onnioe; Bne^ari^Hie aio, 6utb uomerhy 
ycuiBaeica ospyneHnociBio jnniifl. Ero BucoBOMy jí6j cooTBliiy 
dByen mHpoidfi, no^n SBa^paTHut nox^opoxon. Pycnie, nep- 
HHe BoiocH, ch oneHb jersoft npoc^x^io, noapHBaiorb ero 6aiB- 
nyi) itooBy. Ufibn xbjsjbí y nero CMyruift, ho apsift pyManei^ 
HTiMeii Ha H^eKan, xo hojiobhhei Koxopím xoxoxfli^ aoponde, 
ftHTiiScBie (SaBeHtfapxH. Hasnaa ^aciB m^a a ry6n ?hcto bu- 
<SpiiB, poTB MaxeH&aift, ho cypoBiiS, » nojraofti cierxa HaBHcmeS 
>9XHei lyóoS. £ro tomhiui, xpacHBO o^ep^ennua 6poBn naBHCJiH 
HMB HepHo-aapHMH rjiasaiíH — riasaini, vb aoropiirB sauiD^aeica 
cíptHHaa, MarHeTHiecBaa CHjia« Hobobiiosho iHraiB ví BTHZxria- 
tt^ Tan san i^b^tb hx^l h BiipaseHÍe, noBHXHMOMy, HHKorxa 
^ míteaDTca. Easoe 6h xynicBHoe BOJnenie hh CBasiiBaiocB bi 
MUiHHn MeprarL, vh cautiÍH nosxpeft 6onmoro Hoca, bx aa- 
ttNo arpi 6poBaMH, vb rjasarB HH^ero npo^ecTB nensa 6bi:io. 
On ocTEBaiHCB leMHmni h saraxo^HsuH. 

%ICH noBa8iiBaH)rB lerBepxB TperBaro, nojiOBHHy. JIk>xh npH- 



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222 B^GTiiS'& SBřonH. 

xoj»rh B yxoAflTi. JI^seHTjiBiieHX Ha^ji mxanyy en^e pas^b bníz- 
HyjťB Ha CBon ucíi, fiOTyrs bsijax^ ero ynairb na 4^Hrypy, npo* 
xoxnBniyK) nox^ apRoft, Boropafl cocraBjflja bxoj^ce bi pecropaHi. 
Oh^ 6iiCTpo Bciaerb, n cx^aFB híckosbieo maroBi, CHmaerL 
muny h npOTflfHBaera bhobb npHtfsiBineMy oůib i^tbh, T.-e. bs cyi^- 
HOCTH ABa najiBi^a, Tasí kekb bi oahoB AepsHTB mjuiiiyy bi 
xpyrofi — najiKy. 

— HaBOHei^'b, r. AK>Mape(»nb! fl Óofljca, hto ne yBHsy Bae^ 
ceroAHfl. 3. as^^i a^jhA lacB, — cBasajrB OH!b Ha otih^homx, 
^paHoyBQBOirb asusi, xota c:b achhiii HHOcrpaHHHH^B aBii^eHiOHi. 

— Tncany BSBHHeHifi, r. Kocmo^ — oiB^qajii napHsaHHHi; — 
HO a tfujii Banarb HameirB jí^jiowh. Y mcha orb pabroBopon 
npoÓyAB^acB sasxa. Cflx^rb, BunBeirb nero^HHfiyxB. ?to npi- 
Basere? 

— HH^erOy 6jiaroAapH) BacB, sl HHBorxa ne iicB h ne hbk) 
vb HenoBasaHHoe Bpeiia. 

— Diable! Bu nypHTaHHHOb hjh ^^paTepob? Gar^on, pioMsy 
BepHyni. 

Cjiyra npiocTaHOBHJiCfl h B8r.iflHyj'B na CBoero oicuda. 

— A monsieur? — easBEO cnpocHJfB ohi. 

— Monsieur npocnrB bslcl ompasjAiBca vh ^opry h ne na- 
XOŠxaiB eny, — BOCKiHBHyjia sepiBa, vb rjiasarB BOTopofl ÓJiecflyxB 
no^TH BeJteHiift oroHOKi, HanyraBmiiS jiaBefl. 

— ^HA'B, xa eme saKofi! — 6apM0TajrB ohi, nocniniHo yxajiaflCB 
sa BepMyTOMi.— BÍHCKÍfll 

— B^asafl Macca HeroxaeBi-niBefti^api^eBi vb bxoitb tnerk. 
Suisse de nationj aubergist& de profesmn et volew par habUude, 
samb roBopHTCfl rxi-io. B^b xperiA pasrB qtotb hojj^ob^kb y uem 
cnpaniBBaerB^ Hib mhj^ yro^HO. & tbmbv vb orejrfi, ceft^ac^ sjs!bch 
saBTpaBajrB h hmi en^e HysHO rpa6BTB. JIk>ab bth CMorparB na 
BCflBaro, Bani na npexneirB 8Bcn:iyaTaiÚB, 

— A BH?— aacMÍajiCJi JI,K>MapecB%. — Bh ne xyKaere, hto ^eio- 
B^necsifl cyn^ecTBa cos^anH ajih BBcnjiyaTaiÚB? 

CjOÓedbjsfiEivb ero nosajii njenaiiB, h^bb ero na MBByry 
caerBa BcmiXHyjB. 

— HírB, — cepBé3H0 OTB^MajrB ohb.— a ne hbi t4x^ BOíefi, 
BOTopse BBcnjiyaTHpyiorB cbobxi coópaiifi. SI necTHO npex^araH) 
mwh CBoft yiTB H onuTHOCTB' — sa BSB^cTHyK) HJiaTy. Iljiaiy a Hasna- 
naio. AeHBTH He nponaAyn. 

— OrjraHHO, HHBorAa ne cji^xyeirh 6htb cjinniBOMi CBpoMHiurB. 
BejiHBie renÍB noTepošiiH Bey^a^y sa orcyTCTBieni Ha^esaoteS 
caMooit'lHBB. Sthuii BII HHBorxa He norp^mBie. Bh HMeHnaio^ ^ 



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•miooBHl PHmn. 228 

H]fSHO juu napHsa, bi Boropufi bbi lenepB Bcrynaere ops caimxs 
(jaronpisTHyxx oÓctwseiicrBĚXk. CEpoMHOcn BfB uyxmmu^ hjh 
sefloíHsi jxe 6ojAe se bi moxí* 

HpoHHiecBÍt fowb roBopHEmaro npixaBan lácmuwhLú cuucs% 
anm ganiqaHÚiiii. 

ADMApeCKl 6UJL% BBlCOKift ÓJOHXBHl, Ch HSflUtHHMH MaHepElIH. 

Iqyni ero xiHHHarOj ysBaro Jii^a 6iuh npi«TH», ho neipacHBii. 
Ero xamraHOBue bojocu bubcl. Y nero 6usm o^en rycraa 6poBH, 
Doianit Jío&hy dbpoBaio-rojyÓHe riasa, xpyDHiie ayós, npiiiTHO 
o^epqeHHHt poii», spacHBaa MBFKaa ^opoffi} noAcrpHseHHafl k 
Pe^gnole. Boo6iAe jbi^o 91o mofjio HpaBHTbca sexuuiHaiii. Ohi 
6im MOMOf,%j Ha bbx^ eiiy mosho 6iijio j»Th obojo tpbwath 

— r. EoeMO, a BMfjbjn iiapaBsa. 

— H MOHCHHMpa? 

— H MOHCBHbopa H iiapBHsy. O, Mapsasa, vto aa spacoTa, 
m> sa ocrpoyifie; ^to sa jrbJíOBHToeTBl 

— H Tro sa CBynocn!— iipepBajr& €o6ecfbffiM«b^ aociiaTpHBaa 
Hi šero c6osy. 

— Bh ciBfflBOMib npaBtHMHBy Wh B9LCb fAvb HBBaaofi noBsie; 
womerh óutk, ona h JioÓan ^wbvm... 

— K^B fíbij, YTO caasaii MOHCHHBoprB? 

AvMiqMeRB roTOBHJiCfl OTBi^aTBy HO KocMO npBsajii naMqi 
n i7<SairB. 

— Tame! BBjgiTe n bh btofo aHrjHUHHHa, «ito cel^acb bo- 
nen, owh ciixan sa naiiB. , 

— dio— Aftpaejb. 

— A^ OHI HopaxovHBil ^BfiancHCTB. Oh:b noxajii hhcjb n 
potlk Hoeft HjieH o co^xanÍH apynnaro, BaTOjiB«iecBo-$HHancoBafo 
iieBipa. Yssafl ohi o HamHX% njanarB, oh% Mo»erb aonuTai^ca 
pispymai^ wn. 

— Owh ne womerb nospeABiB naMi^ OHHBOpiB Rocmo. Yb^pbio 
ttCB, 9T0 HMCBMa OFO CBffrbfimecTBa h aapxHHajui Bepeiru npoaa- 
BttiB Ha MOHCHHBopa cBHoe F^iyÓOBoe BnemTj-bme. Mu iioseifE 
IttCfiTiiBaTB na nero h, a xy^aa) na MapBHsy. Bce saBEcarB 
9n BneqauiHia, soiopoe bh na nee npoBSBeAere. A bba&tb ee 
m laca TOMy HasaxB h otffin^aai npHBesTB bbob bb hojobbhí 
imepiaTO. Ilopa '^xaiB. 

ffMmpecw^ paouaTHJca; ohb bhhub h c&ih bb oxhhx asi 

HapiAHiix'b conpé h8i» CToaeniHXi y apiUBi^a. 
fygmMh ciiffm sa hhmh bsi OBHa wtbjbhh. 

— ^fO^TOsaT^BaoTcai — pasiiiinixfljrB ohi.— Eocmobtoti ómbsmíř 

' - DigitizedbyCjOOQlC 



224 wMfMBWh iBřom. 

xpyn BeperrH, totb vl cboh) o^epexL ÓjrasxiS xpyn h coíIt- 
HHKb ero CBirbttfflecTia; a ^loiiapecBi, xora oh% jferaminicn, 
yjiBTpaMOETaH'By nojiy'4>&HaTHRi, Hojy-^joco^, OHrysiacn m yx- 
Huft cB^TCKitt qejioB^rBy nypHiAHHHi, BOTAa eoBlcTib ero Boa6ys- 
jiena, h padspaiHEBi, Bor^a evy y^acrca ycHoirb ee noep^crBcmi 
HcaoB^AH; Bce jce ne Aypnoft Alieqi^ tto Aosarasaerca ycnizom 
ero sypaajia bi^ 910I 6esyHHott peciiy6jiii]r&. Efk/fi pasysEan, ^rro 
OEE sax^Banra. Ilapis^ TeaepL ioteo toaro-ito BCHaxafleoe 
noj6| BopoEH Beerxa cjroraiofei Tyxa, rxi mhoao nepseft. 

^MapecKi ■ KocMO fiucrpo KaiEjni ho HrajMiBCBOMy 6yjb- 
Bapy. ^ypEaucTB BocnooaoBajicfl HÍcBOjn>mui nflyraiíM, ocn- 
BaBDiEiiflca xo CBHxaHÍii c^b napuBoty 9T0ÍH saoHEO nosHasoMin 
ch seK> cBoero coiosHHsa. 

— Bi RaMecTB* ESxaTeM m pe^anopa, doSpaw dpyia^ — ro- 
iopHJii owhy — ME^ yxaaocB npoHBREyTB Bi samflyrafl spyson 
BCToft fl npETOMi rjy6oRO*pejiErioBHofi apieroipari*. Mapsasa 
jie-Pompě — OAsa bsi pysoBOXirejiEBi^ btoto oOn^ecrta, Koropoe, 
ociAiaACB BipHHirL CfUoMy ^HOMůHU H xaTOJBiecBOt pejHrÍB— 
8TE xBa EOEarifl EepasA^iiBEu — cocraBJíiierB bb Dapfni MaMiBSI 
oadHOTb peiirioBEoetH h jeriTBiixaiia. MapaHaa*— BOCTopa&eEHO b^- 
pyfion^afl b beojie'^ CB^TCBai zeflupiHa. dm — CHja. Ho yrpan 
Gyxyapi es eojoeb eoHCBonoBi ■ AyxoBHux^ jiBifh, nosfírbe vb ea 
isajosaxib toiebtci caaiiie GaeeranMe b Becejue spexcraBirejni (Sojib- 
moro CBbia. Bjissie ob rpoiiaAEO. Y sea camiB coiEXHua cbasi 
BB Phmí, MaApiA^ JIoExoH^ Bpmctejň^ xase vb BepjiBEi h 
IIeTep6ypri, r^i mu, BOoCqe, eo ifoseM*b noxBacTaTBca BJÚiHien. 
Ofla o6jaAaeii BCRyccTBom ocraBjBTB cBoe 6jaro«ecTÍe vh cBoel 
mojojbeí; HHOci!paEH£ie ABEJTOMani H BejBRÍe napa cero jC^Hrasm 
ee sanpiBBoi^ cbítcboB aseEE^BHoft, a ÓJaro^ecroBue mtoúibbh 
npB8HaK)Tb ee croinom ■ noóopBHi^eil Bipii. Ooa HeyrovBMafl 
paóoTfiflita. IlepenECKa efl orpoMEa. ?acTb ea osa B^en 006- 
erBeHHopyqEO, spoiid^ loro y oea isa ceaperapa: OAHffB-^-CBflflteH- 
EBBi»^ ea BaEejiiaE% oreivb Taille-Méche, xpyrofl — AHryasi x^-ja- 
Tyni^, CB060XEBÍ iiucnreaB, nHcaiejiBy no9i*B, ]^9aňt xyxosHBVB. 
Ohi ee 6orOTBopBTi>^ or^ajii 611 sa Eee xyniy nopry, ecjiHi6i irb- 
pBJB, 9T0 y Eero eciB xyiiiA* ^^ oómapEtift yMi coBepmesHO bi 
eg yeiyraiTB. Owh OfmwUtmiA MfbJLen% b ynpaBJífleTB bc^h xi- 
jaMB MapRDsa. 

A BeJIBRO JIH COCTOBHÍe MapRHSá? — BCROIB8B cnpocBXB 

ROCMO. 

— He chjwbu) BaMB caasaTB. On xecani xo copoKa mujrio- 

HOBB. OhB O^eHB CRpBirOEB. 



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•lUBCOBid pHmn. 235 

— 9t0 OHI, Vfjb HHtiyXB XHp^BI^pCTByeTb? 

— Wbvhj ero npepjamajH^ nocjii bo&hu, ho ohi oiRagajoi. 
Ofli npesHpaen h HeHaBHXHTL pecny6jHxy. Ho Bors n oxaiB 
le-Pompé. 

Syne BiixajcB m Bopora na yjinitt St.*Domimqne h ocraHO- 
BBiCf y HO^voaufl nurpoBOfl MpaMopnofi jícthhi^ii. y Bxo^a no- 
ámestít BcipfoHJH xsa HanyxpeHHuxi jiaRea vh (Soraxofi anepei, 
menoBarb Myjsan ■ (buniiaBaxi^ h cl houohom^ pasxBHHyjH 
nepejiCB HHMH TflseiyK) noprBepy h8:& CMípHouro BOBpa. 

— Tocni noA!b npeABOXBTeACTBoirB cojHj^aro cjyrH BO^pax-b 
npcmuH 3ajy cb KpacnuirB BOBpoirB h Me6ejiBK> h8% Teimaro 

^j TpH POCKOHIHIIXI rOCTHHHXl^ Vh C^HĚli AíOJÍfiBmUL XIV, 

IvxoBHn XY H JIioAOBHBa XVI— OTO opirHHajiBHoe conocrasjíeHie 
6hjo ^HTOBÍet jiapKBBH— nocji TOro cjiyra, oxhhitb xBHaseHÍeiťL, 

paCTBOpHJ'B 6ÍXJU> CB BOJIOTOMB XBOpB H HO rpOMBO^ HO OTqOTJHBO 

moMMXh: 

— r. JIÍH)MapecRB, r. Socmo. 

Ohh noBJíoHHJiHCB, ;^pB sa hhmh saTBopHjacB, H icapBHsa, 
cixiBmafl sa 6o:iBniHMrB 6iopo, ooRpuTHirB RHHraMH h 6yifaraMH, 
nwuuacB co eryia. 

Socmo 6un nopasoHB ea Kpacorofi h cboÓoaoA,, npocroTOft h 
XoetoiHcxBoirB ea xBH»eHÍS. Ona npoTflHyjia pysy AH>MapecBy, 
KOiopHfi noautTB ee k ťanglaise, h ocraHOBEiaoB, oshj^ui, ^Totiu 
on npexcraBBjB efi CBoero npiflTejifl. 

— MapsBBa, OTO— Koft Apyn chhbopb hjih Jiy^me, lasB Ran 
OBI cofiepaeicfl cx^^arBCJi napBsaHHHOirB — mondeor Kocmo. 

npesxe H&TB MapBflsa OTB^THJia na hokjohb noc^THieu, ona 
3ayÍTBja ero jibi^o, ^nrypy, njaiBe, h jífim,e nocTasHja ce6t o 
un MH^Hie. 

Ona onycTHJiacb Ha MarBÍfi cryjiB h XBHsenkMB pyBH npH- 
rjieijia rocrefi nocjiiAOBaTB ea upniripy. 

Obe c^h. IIpH btomb XBflseHÍH HTajiBflHei^B oÓHapysHJiB 
rpupi) H rH(SKOCTB, CBoAcTBeHHHs ero Ha^iH. Kb Heny Boaspaie- 
*ioa ero caMOO^Jiaxanie. MapBHsi hI^csojbro iranyrB BasajocB, 
W osa HHHero ne bhxhtb BpoMŠ ero nasB. Ohb, ^^ficTBHTOJiBHOy 
CMpixB Ha Hee ynopnum, narReTH^ecBEMB BsruxoifB. 

•^ Bh, BÍpoBiBO, Majo snaere IlapHaRB?— cb yjiii6B0ft CKa- 
tta ona^ oÓpan^ascB bb BTajiBflHity. 

— HanpOTHBB, — CB ďerBHMB nOBJOHOMl OTBÍTOJTB OHX,— a 

mfomo ero zeím. Si npoBejiB sx^cb toab bb i^apcTBOBaHÍe JlyH- 
firaňuu' 

Toa T.-^CroraBFB, 1882. 1& 



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226 MCfSEITE nPOOB. 

j(B)MapecB% cjrersa BaAporayjii. MapKHsa ocr&sacB ooBepmenHO 

CnOBOfiHl^. 

— 9to 6hjo Hec^acTHoe BpeMfl, — saniTEJia ona,— jpa $paHpÍH 
H UJísi npaBaro aízsl. Ho bh, b^poatho, 6ujih Torxa otohb mo- 

— & 6ujn> FB íesyHTCKoS xojuerÍH. n rae de Sě\rres. IIotomi, 
npH HMnepiH, a hšcbouko pasi ÓnBajii sj^cb no x^jiairB — wctbid 

^HHaHCOBHlťB, HaCTBH) DOJIHTHHeCBHMl. S. ÓUJth Vh TO Bpeiffl XO" 

B^peHEuiTB areHTOMi sapjiHHaja BesHEeuH. 

— A leaepB bh xpyn iioero Apyra, Kap^Hnajia Eeperru, 
Tt&Kh BHAHO B81 ero nHCBMa. 

— Ero npeocBflnteHCTBO x^jaeri iíhš BejniaftmyH) lecn, no- 

BBOJIflfl MHÍ Taxi HaSEIBaTBCfl. 

— JlyHmett peBOMeExa^iefi bh sanacTHCB ne MorjH, Basi on 
BOTO H r. JIJH)ifapecBa. 

— E eůhsíCHBJTh BaMi, MapBHsa,— BcraBHJis nocjr&xHÍftt — is!bxh 
npi^xa r. Rocmo b^b IlapHsi e xapaBxepB BeJiHBoft $HHaHCOBo8 
HAeu, MASí pasBHiifl BOTopoft owb cioAa abejicb. 6u ÓJiarocBJíoHHO 
paspínujiH Mwb npexcrasHiB bbui ceroAHfl r, Eociío. Exbb jni 
BIÍ dyxere pacnojosenn cpaay babibca bb noApoÓHOCXH; MOsen 
6IITB, BU nosejiaere, mo&h r. jsfi-M-TyiTb npHcyTCTBOBaji npe 
dTowh pasroBop^. Mh 6yxearB vh BamĚirB ycjiyrairB bo BCSBoe 
BpeiiEy BBBoeBaiťB yroxHO Óy^erB HasHa^ETB. 

— H^TTB MBoyTti ÓjaronpiflTsie Eacioflnteftl — ci yxapeHÍeir& 
CBasajrB Eocmo, npesxe ^ím% uapBBsa ycn'fiia bhfobopetb cjiobo. 
— Jl^jío BOJioccajiBEoe, se Tepnan^ee orjiaraTejEBCTBa. He Haixeie 
jiB BOBMOSEUHX, MapsEsa^ EOCBETHTB OHy TesepB so e6cboabo 

MEByTB? 

^lOMapecBi Ee B^pejirB ymam cbohm^. MapBEsa OTEee;iacB n 

OTOft BHXOABÍ OHeflB MEJOCTBBO. 

— Bh npaBH, r. Kocmo, — OTBfoBJía OEa cb CBoefi TOpyro- 
n^efi yjiHÓBoft. — ň ropio EerepE^EÍeirB cjinniaTB otb bbcb camrs 
o BaDiflrB npoeBraxi. T. JIjnMapecBi, norpy^ETecB eosboehtb. 

ď^aB^ flBEJICfl. 

— MeEfl EŠTB AOica ee ajie Boro. nepe^aflie Mofl eobjobi 
rocnoAHfly ne-M-Tjirhy e EonpocHie ero EasEcaTB r. JtjapBejuo e npE- 
rjacETB ero sasrpaBaTB Ea sasrpa. Bi eetb ^acoBi no^afire em^ 
Haio. 

Kor^a tfesMOJEBEHtt oryra y^ajiEJCs, xosflflBa CEOBoSsie yc&racB 
Bi CBOOMI Bpeďb, CBpecTHja pyBE Ea rpy^E e ci yxH6B0ft o(5pa- 

TEJiaCB Vh KOCMO co CJlOBaME: 

— TenepB e coBepmeEEO Kh BamBMx ycjyrairB. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MHlHCOBHt PHmPB. 227 

RocMO noKiOHucs H otfeapyjBHJix 6ojBine HaHBHOCTH, nesejH 
aiTi, csasaBi: 

— OieHB pax^y HTO pasi n shshi BcrpiTiui seHo^HHy ptau- 
TejEHyi) H A^OByiD. ysipeei, iro vh m^b BameicT, Mapsast, 
BaljQT oxHy H3i camirb cbohxi ropawxi h cubeiin corpy^HHi^i. 

jSJ^Mapecn co crpaxoMi nociiaTpHBaax Ba Mapsiiay, Roropafl 
ocraiacB HeiipoHHiiaeifo&. 

— He 6yxewh xpaniTb BpeiieHH ea BOMnjiHifeBTu, — cnoBoSHO 
saxiTHJia ona, — Mhí zo^eTca BnojiH'6 ycBOBTs ce6£ sami npoeBrE. 
JI nonpomy BacB o6xacHHT& mh4 ero bo BcérB noApo(^HOcnix'B. 

Socho bi xym^ Bocxan^ajcfl BejiH^aBiiirB cnoKoficTBÍeMi h ci- 
Jo8 BTofi seHn^EHii. Elfy xoT&jiocb npoiiSBecTB na aee BaenaT- 
jiBÍe. Ilosa OBI, sajtyícaBinHCB, cofiEpaerca cb CEjanB, mu naópo- 
cien noprperB ero Ůyxymfii ciymaTejBBHnu. Maprapaia xe-Pompé 
(Siua fle TOJbKO caMaa (Sjecrantaa, oaa Óujia o^aa mi> caiciix^B 
iipeBpacHux'B seflntBBi Ilapflsa. Kpacora ea 6um b% CBoeirB 
3eH9TÍ. 3io 6wih HO cnoKofisafl h CHMoaiB^BaB Bpacora, 8io 6um 
ipacora nopaBSTeAsaB, ciflK>iuaH, BeaaqaBafl. A nesj^ t^wh bi 
Hel He 611JO BB^ero HaxMeBBaro: OBa o^aposiiBajia jmxefi, bii- 
SHBaia Hxi nouoBeBÍe. PasMŠpu opo^ojroBaTaro JHHHBa, otl 
lepTH, Txb bojbu pocKOBmuxi RamTanoBuxi bojoci pasA^u- 
JHCB BaxB JÓoifB, AO npeaecTflaro noA<$opoARa ci flMoqBofi, h on 
Biesa xo BBCxa, cboxb^h xyxojBBHBOBi CB yiia. ^aBBue aapie 
nasa, rjy6oBÍc, MarBie; toeku 5poBH; so&h xasofl, hto saspofiie 
BH efi Bce ocrajiBBoe jhi^o, e xyxosEHirB yraxaeii, ^to 9to ^io5^ 
npeKpacBoft ■ yMEOfi sesn^Bau. Hocb novra qacro-rpeqecBÍS, 
ran se Basi b ry6ii, aaor^a CBiaAtiBaBmiflCfl vb rpBMacy, to noay* 
xfatiyK), TO BiipaBUUDB^rH) tbíkl 6orBBB. Bojiocu npocTO npa^e* 
<:aflH, n Bocofl B jOBOBaiíB sa saTiiJsi), Basi y rpe^ecBoi CTaTya. 
PocTB cpexait, ^flrypa xoctetjlsí nojaaro pasBarifl tojebbo Toneps, 
n ipn^i^aTL Jí^in. Oaa ÓeayBopBsaeflfla, a no tbopxoctb cbobxi 
OHepraHÍft nanoiiBBaeTB Jt^iany. Mapsasa c;iiffiTh sa MOAOft aa- 
mnsOf flacBOJi&BO bto Heo((xoxBifo, bo paócsa efi ae nox^aafleTCs- 
H vh aacToanoTH) Masyry njaTse ea naxaerB BOBpyr:b ea CTaaa 
rpaqí(K^BiiME cBjíaxBaMB. 

SocMo BaqajTB cb tofo^ hto bícbojbbbiib MacrepcBBica niTpa- 
um OHepTBJTB nojioaKeBÍe BaTOJanecsofi i^epsaB fb Espont, bi 
>^y paafflHEiixi cbji ABTaxpacra: aarjiifiCBaxi uporecraaroB^, 
iiaHiqrscBHXi, tfejBríftcBBxi a meefiit apcBBX'B areacTOBB, peciiy($jiB- 
Wqesi B co^iaJBCTOB^, B^Mei^sofi ByjBTypii, BTajBflacBaro bos- 
i^fl^lBBifl npoTBBi nancBaro npecTOia, cjiaBAHi. rpenecBoS i^epasB 
■i aaiOBei^i espees^B. <9ra, roBopajrB ohi, ctor)tb bcíxx ocra^B- 

' ■ .."..•, ■ Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



228 MOTHni XBřOHii. • 

HHrB, BvAcA Bdaraxi. Hxi CHxa— ^BHancu. IIociiOTpBTe, qró 
npoHCxoAHTB. IIpoTecTaHTHSiTB ^axHen noAi najfl^imi cojHi^eiii 
HftysH, pasyxa, AOCTHrmExi cBoero seHHTa. Grapue nporecraHiCKie 

BpOnOBŠXHHKH DHTanCB BITOBETb pai^lOHUHCTH^eCBÍtt OHrySÍaSlTB— HO 

yse vh camixi 8tbxi cjobezi sasjwqaercfl nponiBopíqie. HaiBsa 
pascysAftTb H BÍbpoBaTL. IlypiraHCBÍfl B^poBanifl bi ÁHrjriH, morjaH- 
ffB H AnepHBi cxaioTCfly xaB^B saiTB nx% eeiBsa npHiuipHTB ci 
HCTopieft H HayBofl, — ne roBopa o ^Haoco^ÍH, BOTopaa caiia hh hto 
HHoe Basi xoraxKa, B08BeA6HHaa vb CBcreMy,— Torxa sairB cam 
BTH BApoBaHÍfl oiiHpax)Tca Ha ÓesycjiOBHiifl aBTopHTerib. Be8(k>sie 
pacopocrpaHaercfl noBCioxy na ROHTHHeffrl. Bea^oasie xorHMHte 
nporecTaHTCTBa. UoMHHTe, hto 6e»6oxie — ecrecTBeHHHfi h crapuft 
BpaPB KaTOJiH^ecBofi i^epKBH. Oho 6umo no&bMffiEO npesxe, 6yxen 
no6&BxeHO h BnpexB. C!oi](iajfl8irBy— bto orpm^ame bcaboí BJiacre, — 
vb ero CHflr^eBHHxi {^pMaxi: orpaHHHeHHOfl MOHapxie, bohctb- 
TyiÚOHHaro npaBjeHifl, pecnyÓJíHBaHCTBai BomiyHHSMa, ecrt toaxo 
npoTecraBTHSiťL, AOBeffiBEuŘ xo ero jiorBHecBBxx KpafiHOCxefi. Ho 
eBpeSy MapBBsa, bto CBja, npeBOcxoxan^aa bcí ocrajiBHiifl. IIoTOify? 
noTOMy HTo ona npexiiaraerL ne oxtA Ha^esjíu ea BCBBia Gjiara bl 
HeB%xoMofl B^HHOCTH, a HacJia»AeHÍe Haciosn^BirB. Caja ara ecrs 
CHJia ffiEerhf TO-ecTB, npaBBTejtbCTBeHHaa BjiaciB, BjacTB hbx^b 
noiiHi^efti apifÍBME, ne^arBio. Eakb bbi jiyMaere, ^to 6oxbe Bcero 
cnoco6cTBOBaj[0 yoBJíenÍH) npoTecTaflrcTBa? IIpoTecraHrn Bam cca* 
syn: AOBasaxejBCTBa, BHrysiawrb b np., h np. fl roBopio: 
rpoMaAHHfl ÓoraicTBa b jitaoBas aHepria npoTecTaHTCBuxi crpani:. 
IIocHOTpBTe sa ^yxoBBiuHoe 6oraTCTBO BejBBOÓpBTamH! Osa exe- 
roAHO TpaTETB MBjAOHEi Ha oj^Hj pejraríosHyio nponaraHxy — ^HnierL 
xopomo OHM^eHHBxi MBCcionepoBB no BceMy seMHOMy mapy. 
Crojilbo coreni kbjjiíohobi Hcrpainja 8Ta naiva na noAAepSBy 
H pacnpocTpaHeHÍe cbohx'^ nporecTaHTCBBXi MH'lHÍfi! Ona Tpa- 

TBTB MBJIJliOHlI Ha CBOH JUD^BHUfl B^OH. Ho^ SaVB ^HHaHCHCTO, 

anrjiHHaHe— HecMUCJieHHiie mia^eHipi vh pysaxi espeoBi. ^ai^le, 
^0 eno€o6cTBOBajio noxA^psaHÍR) saTOJiB^ecTBa bo $paHi^ÍH co Bpe- 
iieH^ peBo.iiDipH? UpoHOB^XB? JlHiepaiypa? BamB nojreMH^ecsifl 
rasem?— OHI bcrojibsb BsrjiflHyjii na ^tomapecBai BoropiiS Ówn 
coBepmeHHO yHHHToaaeHi*.— H'&'rB, ppoiiaxnoe 6oraTCTBO BOHrperai^fi! 
PecnyÓJiBBaHCBie Bosasa bto noHfljiB h crapaioTca y&bffrtb na- 

POA^ HaiOaSKTB KOHQrHCTByiOnQrK) pyBy na 006CTBeHH0CTB i^epsBB 

h npeBpaTBTB ee bi óescBJíBHyH) nponoB^AHHiQr xomaTOBi. Cx 
xpyrofi CTopoHH eBpett npBTBrHBaerB Bce b^b ce64. Ero Biopoft 
Bcxox^ eTpamH'6e jiepnaro. Ero HOBaa oCrbmceannoH ^smm — ^bbcb 
MÍpi. Ohb noBynaiorB Bce: aearBy BpecTBBHBHa npesxe, h^itb ona 



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KfíiffiTbf mmiensí apHcroKparoBi. Bi AficrpÍH^ BoHrpii, Pjachhís 
n Hn pysaxi bc% BOXo^Hae saBOXu, tui EaKi ohh oaha yxH* 
Tpsimfl njiaTHTB Haaon^ tojibbo Ha 30Vo CBoero upoasBOACTBa. Kóny 
npEHaAjexarb jiyMmie xona bi Bíhí, bi BepJBHi? Espeam. 
^ TpexH «Unteť den Linden» — bt» etb pyaaxi, na rjasáxi ca- 
xoro iicnepaTopa Baji&raiBiia. CHja hxi bco pacrerL, BjiiaBÍe 
ycuiBaerca ci pacnpcerpaHemeirB poeioniv b i^HiUHaai^iH. Gie- 
lumiui 6yca vh Masaxi o^HaseHearo xaisapa Aopose sojoia^ ho 
00 Mipi foro, aan ecKyccTBO h noxa ORaBUBaiorb Bjíaflie na 
npoisBOACTBO caMHxi o6uAeHHfixx npexHeroBi, sojoto ciaHOBeTca 
Beo6ioxHMOCTbio. C0ja dra^ noBropaio Mapsesa, apeAcraBuen Be- 
avalmyi) onacHQcrj^ AJia KaiojHitBBira. Ona nojipuBaerB Bcuyio 
penrix), BSHBaen ki moahuiii crpacraiii: siajMHOCTH, ^ecrojiH)- 
6ii), saaui yxoBOJBCTBit HasBB^, BjacrsN 

MapBHaa cjymaxa ary pft^B ce BOspacranniiMi BHiMadem* 
GiMaja ona CH^i^a HauoHiiBi rojioBy, ho no lAýb Toro san oh^ 
roBopeai h cjoBa ero jiuhcb tomho pacxaieHHaa JiaBa, ona nox* 
Hua roxoBy, ycrpeiiBM na noro EJUisa, cjixHJia sa xBHseHieirE 
ero ry0i, sa ero osBBJíeHHUMH xecraiiB, cb HecBpHBaeMUMi ym- 
ciíexB. ^a, offB noti&AHXi. Ohi aacTaBHxi oe biiIatb hbi csoeft 

PIBOBIHKH Hy HaSOHei^, OÓHapySHTB CBOfl lyBCTBa! 

TyrE owh Kocnyjica BeJUKoft udeu. 

I^epBOBB 6oraTa, onenB Óoraia. BoratcTBa, saBiniaHHng eS y«pe* 
mejxMH pasjBUHXi peunosHiirb o6iitecTBi, HedrtraH. Ho Bce 
9T0 He opraHHBOBaHO B ne BKcnjyaTHpyercB. Jlesan^ee Bryffb ÓoraTcroo 
Tepien cbox) SBsaeHHOcr&y cranoBHica ne tf^iaroirb, a bxomi. EBpes 
UKOřxa He xepsarB xenen vb Kapnafli. Ecxh KaioiHi^rsirb xo^en 
wswsih sa ce6a, ohi xojiBseHi no(S£xHTi» eBpea. 

— SaKUfi oÓpasoMi? — cnpocHM MapuM. 

— 0| 9T0 BOnpOC!BUCTO leXHBHeCBÍt) oGBflCHflTBXOJirO^— 0H% 

BifiiByn Ha yBpameHHHe xparoq6HHHicB xaMHfliiH naciii ctoab- 
nie Ha ctojí:— bu npBKasajiB noxaiB laft re hatb ucobi. IIo* 
Jf^mcn MKi OTjosBicE xo xpyroro paaa. GAvjen cxhte BO-exHHO 
UDnaiix Bcero BaToiB^eexaro iiipa, npexnpBBflTB no-HBÓyxE rpaH** 
SOBBoe, HanaTE crpotiTB sexisHtiH xoponi. Ha bootobA Ebpohb, 
o BeBqMBi Ha BajsancBOirE nojiyocrpoBÍbí bi^ hhx!e HysxaDrcB. 
3KBjyatBpoBa» BaMenHiiS yroxE, sejftao, wamo^ pryrE. Haxo 
((ptMiB BHBxaHie na neuTE, cocraBHTE KOMnami), cxyoBTE ca- 
Ml BJJirejEHHB raderUy sacraBBTE Mipi CMorpin sa coÓíitíb 
MBE onB pexBrÍB. 

Tjn Saai BomejTE h pascraBHjrE MaftHuĚ npB<k>p'E coBpcKaro 
^4^^ Ba HeÓOJiEnioirE BpiiroirE tiapxaroiTE ctoxbbí bobj^ xpecxa 



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230 BtOTBin IBPOIH. 

I 

xapKBSu. Ona caiia pasiua^aft. Pysa eflcjersa xpoauLia, lorxa 
oaa noxajia ^amsy Kocmo. 
Obi 9T0 Baictom. 

— Ho KavE se bii HaifipeBQ ocyn^ecTBBXB BaorB opoeKtii? — 
cnpocHJia oea. 

— droro Bonpoca a osixaxL orb BameS npoHBqaTeJbHocTB, 
MapBBsa. Bo-nepBHXi, a BaOujTB ynoMaflyn o6i ohobb BasHOMrB 
xii^) Bpafine flHTei)ecHoii'B ^airi. £ro CBirtfiinecTBO nana, ^e> 
pevL BapABBaja Beperry, y^ociOBn noxpoÓBO odHaBOManci a 
BTHMi npoesToifB. Ohi» Aaxe xaai OMy venerabilissima sanctio 
CBO^ro oj(o6peBÍa— naacKoe ÓJiarocJOBeflie. Obi npBBasaxL bbcb- 
MOBHO O wm BacBBA^brejiBcrBOBaTE; botb sodíi ch btofo AOKy- 
KeHTa, CBBTaa aapxBHajoirb Bepenoi. 

Obi BUByjx ee fln BapiiaBa cii 6jaroroB4bfiBOi MBBofl, paa- 
BepByjii B npo^ejx say^Buiíx BBBOJiBOBaBfluiťB rojocom; BaT'i^i 
nepexaji 6yMary Mapsadi, Boropaa Baaja ee to^ho bto 6fii% 
Bojoci CBflTol MaprapflTHi ea oco6o& noapoBBreaBBBAu. 

Doia OBa eme BaxoxBMCB nox^ BiiaBiem btofo saMtqareA* 
Báro AOxyifeBTa, ob% ci bobhmi aapom npoAOjautrB: 

— dro Be Bce^ ^tó a opasedi ch codofi. Y moha 6e8XHa npex* 
joseHifl^ npoesTOBx^ Xbí BosAeccia bb nocrpoisy seatsBuxi j|0- 
pon, OABB Ha ycipoicTBO BOBott BOMnaBÍH napozoxcTBa no j9[yHaK): 

Bl 8TBXX X^jan COTHB MBJJlíOBOBly BOTOpiU MU OTBOlOeirB XJI 

saTOJB^ecKott qepBBB^ x^a nponaraBXH, am BftpBuzi; ^epesi naiB 
A^vh MU tfyAOMi iiapBTb Ha esponeficRarb tiapsaxi! 

Ohi> BaMOJHaii h BsnaByj^B bb Mapnay. Oaa Oujia HO&bB- 
AOBB. Ea yMi, cmíjuS b BOcropseBBui on Dpapoxu^ covyBciBO- 
BBJí MeMB^Byi cnoco6BOMy saxyMarB b tbkx BCBycBO 4K>pByjHpo- 
BBTb HOAoCHufi upoesn. Ona Bcrajia h nporaHyaa eMy pysy. 

— 3ro no hcthbí BejBxaa Bxea,— csasaja oHa,— Bxea Beu- 
Karo yMa. A craepmeBBO vb aamaMi ycjyraMx. V. ^toMapecsiy 
orb Bcero cepma Óiaroxapio Bací, hto bu xocraBHJB MB^b laBoe 
HBiepecBoe h npíaTHoe BHaaoMCTBO. Hay«iBTe mobb, ^/íwh a Mory 6HTb 
BBMi nojiesHa^ a a Bcerxa roToaa A^CTBoaaTb cb bbmb h bi bb- 
niHxx BBiepecaxi. 

Axníapeca^b b Rocmo cnyciajBCb cb jícthbau. Rocmo ciajn, 
xora crapajca aípuTb cbod paAOcrb; a^ypsajHcrb 6uxb gaxyMiBBi, 
Offb noHBJX, HTO Torb, BOMy OHI AyMan 6hjio nospoBBTejibCTBO- 

BftTb, 60Jte Bl HBMl HO HyB^aeiCfl. RoCMO COBHBBaJl^ wto 

OAHBMi xaMHeMi yfiHji XByxi sati^Bi. 



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•IHiHCOBHfi mnkfh. 231 



n. 



no BOdBpanteHÍH vh oieiB, Kocmo Hanscajirb MapRsei sairacBy, 
n Boiopofi npocHXB ee, npH cEExamn cb ero cmapuHó npiHme- 
Mm Jífiipujíewhy HH^ero h6 roBopHXB o6h ero iipoexii. Á^psejts 
mise H6 xpeuurbi BOcno;iB80BaBmHCB ÓJiaronpiflTHoft MiHyroft, BorAa 
EocMO tfím OKBWb Bi pecTopaH^ oreia, ohi noxomeji^ b% Heny 
I crapaicfl pasysEaiB o&b ero HaiiipeHiarB, hto, soho^ho, eiiy ne 
yxuocB. EocMo CBf^bjrb bi saJijricuBocrH, HaxoAflCB eo^e noxB búsl- 
men aroro pasroBopa. Hs^ pasxyMBfl ero BHsaio noaBJtenie ho- 
Baro jHi^a. ^ejiOB^^eBi orori, chabi nuumy, MOJ^a BjiaHiiicfl eiiy. 
PocioiTB OHI ÓUÁ^b cb noBotHaro TBopa, ho draifb cxoactbo orpa* 
HiuBajiocB. y Hero 6ujíe sopoTBO noxcrpHseHHHe (A^ue bojiocu, 

H18IÍ1 JO&b, HIBpOBOe H HJiOCBOe JHI^O. OfijbTb OWb ÚUJl^h O^OHB 

TiqaTejiBHO, na bba'b eny mosho Óuio aatb jAtb meciBxecflrB. 

— BOTB H BH, r. %B!B, OTJHIHO, nofiX^HTe! 

H ;q[>ysecBH bsarb bhobb npH6iiBmaro noffB pyBy, Kocmo no- 
enimHo yBjieB'B ero hsi orejifl. 

%pe8l HŠCBOJIBBO MHHyXX OHH BOHUH Vh HpOCTeHBBÍfl peCTO- 

paoi, na xBepH Boroparo 6udo HanHcaHO «yian». TjiaBHHfi rapcoHx, 
yBasasmifl bi jhi^ Eocmo noMeiHaro noctoiTeJui, opoBejrB nxi bi 
oij^Hufi Ba6HHen. Tojbbo Borxa cyni 6wn> na qtoj*! h cjyra 
rameny ^exi saroBopan: 

— <& BHA$Jii IlyjioBCBaro. 

— ^TOSe OffB rOBOpHTb? 

— Orb Vh Bocioprb; roBopATB, hto Bama H^ea— nacrojiqee 
BojjHÓOBO aĚi^o. 

— $pa8Bi; HO MTo OHI CAŠJiaeTL? 

— HojinHmeTCfl caiii Ha iHcaiy asi^itt, XA fM npiarejiefl bobb- 
Bea XQ lUTi TiícaMi* Ohi Óepercfl xocraBHTB XByx^B xnpeBTOpoBi wvh 
«Argent C!omptant», oxnoro hsi BpynslifiniBxrL ^HnanooBiixi yvpes- 
WDi Ilapisa, rxi ho^th bcí XHpeBTopa — BaxojiHBH. 

— OUH^HO, BOTB OTO — X*JOl 

— Ho... fl Haxosy ycjOBk ero Hecoo^pasHUMH. 

— lero offB Tpetfyerb? 

7^ nancoTB ynpexHTéjiBCBBXi aBi^fi sa noMintenie nan th- 
Oi&y I xeeazB racani ^^panBOBi xeHBraioi, sa saai^xAro bbi j^- 



fioeiio cfjbMUSh rpHHacy. 

~ Hf , XOpOmO XMHITB. 

~ ísuh a y neporopa. Owh BaHHMaerca x^aMH ^paHi^HCBan- 

&^ ^ ' ■ * Digitized by GoOglC 



282 Monm iiPomL 

lífiVh H MHOrSTB BHCOIHZ^E AJXOBEOTh JIHI(1b; CHElUa OBI 6un 

OHeHB CAepxaffBy ho sorff^ a eny noKasaiib ncbiio sapASHua 
EepoTTu, otfpanteHÍe ero coBepmeoHO bsmšhuocb. On CBasti^i 
HTO cosepmeHHO z% Bannurb yciyrairb. Okb xojubmi na Mfixa 
nojy^m osojo MBJuíraa ^panaon otb cBOsn jiOB^psiejiet ■ 
nociapaercii xoni Hush hx% noirikfiTb Kh Hame x^^* Om noBi- 
xaen raiioíH&y SHaMenHiaro Hampiyca-iesyHia, sasrpa. 

— BpaBO, r. ^exh—díL samé axopoBBel 

— n sa ycn&n Hamero x&ja. Ho yciOBk Ilepiropa... 

— Kan, H OHI Tause? Cmíuo? 

— IIiTb npoqeHTORb bi tfyiiaraxi ^paHi^rBcaaro tfasia. 

— OffK HO 6eperb asiql? 

Hh Ha OXHHl ^paHBik 

— Gsasy aairE, r. ^esi, 9to npocio rpadesit 

— 3aBTpaBaji!i^ a ce OimaTepoirB; on otřamni ^lo ecn 
tfyxen noAHHCsa Ha bocb unHiaii, coiBXHoe opasjeme i yMcne roc- 
Hoxi AÓepaMi H E^, bh noiy^HTO rapanriD— okb sa aro pyneici. 
OffB HMton 6ojBmoe Biiame na cbohxi tOBapsn^et no 6ipsi. 

— IIpeipacHO. A^jo noABHraeiai. 
^[eiPL cjiena HanuflHyjrb. 

— Ho, — Ha«iaii 0H%. 

— Ho iTO? CBasara jse bu eicy, iro h aama^y 100,000 ^p. 
xeH&raMH, h ^am 500 pipeAHTencBn% aaiui? 

— CsasaxB, ho owb dritercs. Ob% roaopHn, ^no Baaai te 
^stoiíro ci HeÓoumoS noseMeji&Hot BOMHaniH bi EnwA, ch sanB- 

xajOlTB Vh HBTB HHJMÍOHHOBl ^paHXOBl. FOBOpHn, YTO HBAO SauaTITb 

HicBOiBBHirb uenaiTb CHHXBRaia, h ho bbi^mh, a naiH^uniH f^eah' 
raná. Ojihb M"*" h H'*', noTpe6yK)rE sasxuS no xBamara mam, jtk 
emfi ^eiBopo no xecaiH, no Menunei iiip6. RpoMi Toro, rjaBHHl 
xoHTop^^^B;b X'*', ero8aAo6pHTL Heo6zoxHMO. Orb h HenocMorpan 
MeHBme xan na 10,000 ^. J(a h cam OrDiaiOps. Boo(bqe 
HeoCxoxHMo paBxaiB obojo 250,000 ^p., ne c^Btai aaipl. 

Fjiasa KocMO CB^Kaii, oHrbnovn HOBHxtn CBoero coóecix- 
HHBa. Boo6paseHÍe pHCOBajo ony ero BparoB%, eapeoBi, wh ero 
BjacTH. Ohi BCBHHyn rojiOBOt secrom, Bupa«aBnia»% CHiy i 
BHdOBi, H &ífflouj ?eBy, noBasajocb, iio Kocmo bharti b% ero 
BapMaHi nopi^b, a n 9iom noi^í Tpn nocLMa, Ha Boiopím 
aH^a, o TOBopnzi To:iuBO-^rro nua pbu, ofiaaHBaxKB ne aa6H- 
BaTL ero. TyrL se jesaio HHCbMO caMoro Kocmo, rx6 BBBexeHB 
6ujíB xopomie HTora «8a xommhccíb)*: h to cxaaan, sartMi 
areniy bjh nocpexHBBy 6paTB tiapiimH oxhoI pysol, xorxa Bon 
KUL 8100 q&iH xaji emj kM 



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•IHllOOBHl FHIUPB. . 333 

Hffb xaBHX^ JUDAel, uri fociioabhi ?eRi, bx oxflOia Ilapasi 
MOSHO oocraBflTfc nosKh. dro — BHxepecHHĚ apo^ysrb i^HBHJiflsaipB. 
On asamcfl ci MHHHCTpaiiH, apociospaTaiíH; ^BHaHCBccanH, ny- 
ániuicraiiiL MsoropEie cjljmem Ha niuoMaraHecKOiťE noapHii^'^, 
I nalAfl seBHFOAHiuíi araTB b:^ Barepecasi oieHecTBa, ciaiHi sasi 
JDXB npasTB^miie, Jiraib au oo6cTBeHHofi iioibsiíi- Bi ibciÍ bxi 
MOSflo HatTB OTcraBHiixi o$Bfl[epoBi, fiiiBioBXi cespeiapefi hbbe* 
apovB, uEcsmÁřAj NimexmHXi b» iioffit ff np., b np. 

Oosa JBocMO Beái cbob anpomB, ]ii4>Bfl8a ne nepecraBajia xy* 
Mm o Hem h ero npoesii. Ea BsaoíHHi h caMOWBOi&Hiitt cespe* 
nphf ÁHfyaaib j^urTysrh saeiaa^E ee, na xpyroft achb nocj'6 
eg cBBAaBUi e& BpaeHopšiBBiiH^ BrajtKaHi^eirb, wh saxy^HEBoi nosi, 
7 nicufeflHaro crojia. MiqiBBsa 6iiia npespaeHie ^An^b Borxa-juifio, 
n 9ion paHHiil ^ňffh Bpacora ea Boerxa aBjajiacB vh noinoirb 
(jecBi. PasciflHHO EpocMAirpBBajia osa nojywBHHB HaKaHyB^ nBCBMa, 
ci gc&iaHHHMH Ha hhxi pysoD ce^i^erapa omtiBaMB, h hoboh- 
UBi cb 9mM%y Gh jxaÓEOŘ nparoBopBJía: 

— 7 Meu B^epa (Íhjs A»iiapecB% b cb ebm% oxbhi na- 

AIHeit!B, EOCMO. 

— EocMO, — H<»TopBj% cik HexpyMénieifib ceaperapB, — a ero 
le 8BaM). 

— 3. jBBCb eMy npexciaBjH). 

— MeHB? 9tosx, a Bcer^a owhb pax^b, MapcEsa, Borjia BaM:& 
yn^HO HpexcTaBBiB luri MeiOBtsa, bi sOropoHi^ bh npBHBMaere 
yi tctie. Osnb Bn^en micra? 

MapBHsa ci yBjewHÍein> npBHajaeE roBOpBTb eiiy o Kocmo, 
10 crpaBHo, OBa ^yaciBOBajia, ^ro BHZoxan necBiaxno. Ona npe- 
qacBO noHHMajia, hto HeBÍpyK)n^aro, upaunraecBaro TOJOBÍsa, croa* 
mm nepoffB Hefi^ ett ne yaieiB noeTB9ecBfl-rpaBXio8Hott ciopoHoS 
Bioena Rocmo; ei xortiocB BiisasaTB nepe^B BBm bo BceMr& 
Imcbí npaBTBiecByi) cropoHy ero saMucja b OBa ne Morjia ne 
ooNiaBaib, vo cfffcjaTB bio ne Jierao. láeiaxy t^itb axotfpeme jsfi- 
Jt-ryna 6elio eS HeofixoxBMo, lasi Basi^ ona snajia^ ^ixo 6e8i 
m eoBiia Myjrb ea, owhb ocroposmaft kb XBHeauiixi xliaxi, 
Be cx'ijiaeTB hb máry. Ohb yBasajii xe-Jia-ryna aa ÓesyRopasnen- 
Qfi) ^ectHocTB B xoB&pajis evy bhoih^. Pas^ Korxa a6tiarB Taille- 
Ifeehei BaneuaHB Mapsasa, Hanaai eiiy fffSMuuBithj iio npBcyrcTBÍe 
Wtím ÓesÓosHBBa, Kasi r. Anryan^B, rb ero tijaro^eeiHBOBnb xomí 
Wb iBCisift csaHx^LTB, ciapBKB, cx^aBHÚSca npBHJ^pHBMB saxo-. 
MMB ta»BQ noxB ciapocTB, oTBftvaJTB eiiy: 

— & sHaa), HTO AffryaBi — ne xpaciiaBAHi; (Sob>cb, ^Toynero 
nonaiía na cnen BpaBCTBeHHOCTH, bo ohi xopo- 



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234 racrrati iBPMm/ 

mift xfcieuiy OHI uwb noiesewh h He oponiBeirb bi 9Toft shshb, 
a TAKb ftaRi BII, xoporoĚ aÓÓarb, yTBepsxfteie, ^no bi Óyj^n^el 
SH8HB OHI HasftpHoe H6 6yfjeTb ÓesnoBOHTB MeHfl CBOHiTb npEcyr- 
CTBieicb, xa a no Bcet bj^poathocth ho 6yfj Tam nysAMbca bi 
ero yciyraxi, to a HaM-bpesb yxepaaaTB ero y ce6a a óyxy npociTL 
Bací HHBorxa 6oiie mhÍ na aro ne HaiceaaTB. 

Mapsasa caiia xoposHja CBOHm ceBperapeirB, ona xua ceói 
TpyA'L o&bBCBwsh eujj Bi rjaBHim ^epiaxi, laioecaiBHuft npoeKTB 
BocMO. yxoAfl OTb cBoefi HOBejEBiejiuniifii, yiiHBfi h caiioiK>6HBS[i 
4>paHiQrffB HcapeHHo BOSBeHaBixixE cH&Jiaro nposeraepa, xon 
en^e vh riasa ero HBBorxa ne bhxmi. IIodbnieHie J^apseu jriBep- 
XH«io ero emfi 6oÁÍe vb npexHoioaseHÚi, ^to npocjaBjaeMuft Eocmo 

HHHTO HHOe^ UBl aBaHTI>pHCTl. XiTpiltt aHMHiaHHffb, BHXtBimi 

BocMo vh o6iiteciBÍ ^lOMapecBa h snaBniiB, hto tfjiecninUt asyp- 
HajHCTE nojBByerca pacaoioxemarb iiapnsH, noHUi, ^lo ohh 
o6a nocTapaK)TCfl sasHrepecoBaiB ee vh cbohxi saiíbarb, 8Hai, xai^ 
nojTBBy OBa Mosers bite npHHecni. Owh napo^HO bbhici BioieiB 
Pompé pante Hasna^eHnaro ^aca, "vto&h neperoBopirb cb Ae-M- 
Fyai B pascaasajii eny noy^HrejiEHHtt ^^E^OA% m^'h shshh Kocmo, 

Vh BOTOpOlTB OVB} ^apBejlb, BrpaXB pOJIB SepTBH. HteXOJIBKO jávh 

Hasaxi npeAnpiBMHBBHĚ CHHbopL sarlfljTB xoMnaHÍK) na aiu^ísn 

AJB pa8pa60TBH BOJlOTOHOCHfilXl pOBCHHefi, Vh BOTOpHX^i HO 6sB' 

saHmeiTL H8CJiéxoBaHÍH, ne osasajocs h RpyinnsH 6jaropoAHaro 
Meraua. IIoHflTHO, asiUoHepu ne fiMrocjOBiajB loro, bto ^aniuh 
BCK> dTy BCTopiio, }íft,pBeih o&bmwh coÓpaiB o6cT0flTeibHtia cbí- 
A^híb o AadEbHtftiHBxi HOxosxeHÍflxx ^^iHaHcoBaro piiiptpfl E HO- 
jiibxňThesL HMB cb cesperapeMi, bsbbb ch nero cjiobo ne saiBaiBCi 
iiapsH8'b o Hxi^ HHTBMHOft 6ec/bfjb. 

A Mesxy TAvb cyxB^a noioasHieiBEO 6jaronpíflTCTBOBaia Rocmo. 
Bi^ TO canoe Bpeiifl Bairb ero BparE sasjuo^an npoiiBi nero ofk^ 
poHHTeiLBtit ■ HacrynaTei&Hiift coiúm^ ohi CHX&n> norpyseHHHl 
Kb pasMEiBijeHifl, sa ciojoirb Kb pecropani oreu vh ojuxaHÍi 
BaBTpasa. 

Ero BHBen vn aaxyMiHBocTH MyaiuaibHiiA rojiocb, roBopKB- 

Hlifi no HTajbBHCBB: 

— Bu MOHA BadHJH, CHHbOpl ^paH^BCEO? 

— Blojiena! Tii Bf/bcb? 

— * Kan BHAHTe. 

— Tu DOBBHyjia La Scala? iro ciajocb ch... 

-^ THme, y Bacb Tasoi rpoMxíĚ ro:iocb, ne HasiiBaftTe absoto 
Tasí rpoMOrjiacHO. 

— Dayvero! th bcb Dpespacna, Bioierra, b HEsraxa He bi- 



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MHÁHGOBHt PHIUPB. 285 

m^ Te(Ss npespacHie — h lya^erE tboS (SesyBopHBHeETB. IIo spaS- 
Bď uiýb oóuiwh BurojtfLuij Ts npoM'&EU[jia tiixHaro HTajBJíHCKaro 
Dobfle Ha... pardon! bto c^aciJiHBtit amico? 

IIpaiecrHafl x^ByniKa BcimxHyja. dxo 6um ($jEOHXHHBa, otjh* 
iasmaflCfl nopaBBTeiBHoS, ^yBCTBeHHofi spacoroft. 

— y neHfl npespaCnaa Rsapinpa vb yjnmi Penthiěyre, — 
oiBiqaja ona na BonpocL Rocno. — Y nem aHraseneHrB vh 
Opera Bonf fe. 

— Th c^acrjiHBHi][a. 

— He Bcerxa, — caasaxa oea, MHorosHaiBreiBHO rjiwi cbohuh 
KoaniBMH pjasaiíH vb rjasa coÓedbuBMKjj npa^eirB yns ry6'b 
ei cjersa xpornyn.— Ji ne 6ujia cuexjiHBa, CHHBopi Kocmo, 
íOTffí BcrpÍTEja 6ÍAHaro ciyxenra, no HneHH JlioHejuo. 

JÍHAO KocMO na mnyxy noKpujocB CMepreiBHoS ÓjAfíLOcrhV). 
Ohi nocnšmno Bunna^B boah h OBJíax^i co($ok>. 

— Ohi yiiepn^,— nporoBopHJi^B oni neofiuKnoBenno KpoiBHifB, 
nenaAHHMi fojocom^b h nepespecruoi. Jí^iBjmESL nocjri^xoBajia 
ero npHM^py. 

— JífiL ornycran BorB ero rpixH. Moft &b]s,muŘ Ópan! FoBopn 

leni 6effh aio6u, Bio^ena. 

Ha BHeprHHecKOM^B nnjb BTajiBflHi^a orpaauuocB icraHHoe boj- 
Beflie; non BucTynui na jíÚJj obi orepi ero njaisoMi h 6po- 
cm na Biojeny npoHHiviTeaBqHfi Bsrjflx^. 

— Esa coÓJiaBHKJia Axaiia,— csasajix oni,— eunii Axamobu 
He CHJBH^ CBoero npapoAHreja. Toibko letíib^ ony xa Bory na- 

BÍCTHO, ba BOMl H» BaCl JieSHTB (katenSBaB OIBÍTCIBeHHOCTB. 

Ho Bpísdbiett uipb a erapajca oi^aTB leíSib xojuKHoe. 

— O fla,— csasaja x^Bymsa, ycrpeiuBii Marsitt, Bocropsen* 
hbI bbtua'^ Ha ero neapacBBoe jhi^o. — S. ne saÓiiJia. Ho sapBopa 
xofl (kja pasfinra hitb— mojo^itb CBan^enHiBOirB— xa n a 6tija 
otbuByra. Ho,— nporoBopua ona BxpyrB, HtHaaTOHi,-— orocrpaH- 
hbI pasroBopB sa sasrpasoMi vh rpaH^B-Oieii. 3a naMH Ba6jno« 
Wim. MosHO ysHaxB, it6 npnBejo Bací btb IlapnaKB? 

— fl jiyuejD ^fibcb noceiBTBca. 

— Bh nosHHyjiH Phitb? 

— Mhofo xbi% TOMy nasax^B. Si npiixaii hbi renyn. TenepB 

1 ÓortrB — (SansHpB. 

— Easi a paxal 9^ro Ao6pHa bícth; cb Bam HHorxa mosho 

^IWKB BHXfeBCfl? 

'-^ fl lenepB cepBésHsifl ^ejOB^n. 

— . Bh h Bcerxa hm^b 6ujH,-r-c:B ÓessaÓOTHiuťB cMteoMx otbí- 
iMsa iiitf^^^-BairB ne ctb)(ho roBoparB co mhok)? 



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286 mmaoBh moioL 

— Otwvo-^ksS Ho cep^esfio, Bio^efra, ecjiH s MOiy (mb 
ne&k vb^^h-EEÓjKb nojeseHi, a oneHB pax%. Kro tboh napHsciie 
jipysM? 

— Bo BcasoM^E cjíj^B/bf — Ch ropemo oporoBopHia osa: — 
Ha arorb pasi 9X0 He CBan^eHHHnb, nepeo^ult cryxeHTom. fifij^ 

M6fi^-9eX0BŠB!B, BOTOpafi HH BO 9T0 HO ^ipiITB. 

— PyCClift HHnUHCTL? 

— «& HO noHHHaio BaniHXi ny^eHBix^b cjobi. Oh% xyxos- 

HHB'E| nHCaTOA. 

— A BOByre ero? 

— AwsyůWh ffi^M-Tjwh. 

EocMO HOBOUHO BB^^poFHyai, rjuisa ero CBepsHyjH. 

— Bu ero sHaeie?— cnpocsaa x^Bymsa. 

— Si HHfiorxa He sExaii ero. Ho B^epa b cjyvaltfio cjauiaii 
ero HMfl. Ohi — cexperapE..* 

— MapKBBH ffi-Pompér nepBofi RpacaBHjqu IlapHiui. Oetb 

ee o6osaen. 

— Dayvero! A xeóa? 

— O, H lanb ee($i, noxcraBnaa. Ito bh o neirb uumMuů 

— PÍmHieiLHO HH^ero, BpoM'& ero hmobh h loro, ^to th lorl 

ceinaci cxasajia. Ho aBejiai'B 6u ysnaiB Óonme. SnaemB mm 9to, 
BiojeiTa, HO^AeM^b^sa noBaTaTbCB vb EyxoHcsifi xbch. Mu o6ot- 
Aem osepo íťbmKou^h h th BoasparHoibai kb ipen^B lacasci. 

— Ki BaDHM^B ycjyrani, chhlo^b Eociío. 

Hhbto vh Mxpi ne xon noxBacrarBCfl rasHMi Biianieiíi hsjtb 
dToft HTajUtflHBoSy niBHi^efi H TaHi](OBn(Hi]ieft, san Eocmo. Jíjk oho 
H noHBTHO. Koiw tipaxB ero, naA'E BiÍBHÍeirB crpaza h pacaasBiiy 
m^WB^ETh canoyfiiftciBOiii, a BioiexTa xouLna 6um Bcsopi cf/b- 
juiTbeB natepED, oabh^b ^^paH^ecso Rocmo nojuepsajn» ee, ne Xkn 
eft yiieperB n rojo;^, bhocx^actbíh xQcraBHXL efi anrasBeMeHn 
B!B La-Scala. PeCeHorb ea shjii ne xoxro, ho h xo HaciouQel 
MHHyTH OHa, yrpoiTB h BOvepoiCL MOUCB sa ynoBoll ero fjwM, 
MoxHxacb H sa CBoero SHBoro ÓMTOfibTeja. 

KocMO, BO BpeifB nporyjBH, o&McasLXh eŘj ^no exy Heo6xo- 
AHMO npHBje^B na cbok) cxopoHy Aniyana. Bío;ieiTa 6um wb 
BOdoprt on uacxBj tto, n cb(hd ovepexB, nošen npHroxHTBCH 
TOMy, bto Tasí mhofo cj^JLWh A^a Hea. Ofla otSrsMauA^ yto py* 
laeica sa ycnirB. Bukoas n'& Baperu, ona yjnitfHyua CBoeiiy 
xpyry TopaLecTByH)n(efl yjuitfsot h bp&dbo noBUua eicy py^r. 
EocMO noHBJíi, ^To ero XBa «ca h ero copoK^ ^paHBOBi ho Hpo- 
najiH wpowh. 

JSfiEh 8Ton 6un Heo6iiKHOBeHHo ciacxuBiift. Ho BOBBpaipemB 



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•nuiooBBl pmuPB. 237 

Bh oieiB, RocMO daeraai j ce6fl sapTO^sy Hoiapiyca Pajiorá cl 
cjixyK>mett npEOHCRoB lapaEiamoMi: «Heo6xoAiiMo bkj^tb r. Bocmq 
tetOfMM^ n 8 qacoKE Bewpa. 38, Rae neave desPetitsChampe*. 
EABa RocMO Bomeai rb cboh) souHaTy, saisi nocAiimajicfl erpph 
n XBepb. OffB OTBopHJTB. Uepefib mntb ctoaji CBan^eoHiiKi bi 
iSesyBopBBHeHHofi cyTani, bi oieflb TOHROicb h iictoitb ůijíhi, vh 
ůmudooLrh ci cepe6pjiHUMH iipAssaiiH. Rpacmoe, i^Tyn^ee ^hi^o 
ero 6ujíO hhcto bii6phto, 3j6u (yrjumvuuich sairbqaxejLHofl 6&ih8- 
Hol, n nasarB lOMOpB Óopotca cl sanycKHofi cepLCsHOCTbio. 

— Tuca^y HSBíHeBifi! Si iiť&iD yxoBO»CTBÍe bix^t& f. Eociio? 

FOJOCTB 6ujn> CB&BÍfl, HHCTHS, BBy^EHĚ. 

KocMO (mfbcBJTh Hissift nouoHi. 

— dro a caMiy CMToft OTeit'B. 

— Bon MOfl sapTo^sa. E — aótfarb Taille-Méche, cesperapB 
I lanejjiaHi MapBiisii xe-Pompé. 

— EocMO CB en^e óojifbe rjiyóoiuiirB nouoBOMi kb^tb xopory 
noctTHieJUd h, satBopERB sa coOod x^epB, asecroiix nonpocEii^ ero 
ckiB. y RocMO 6ujo BeflSMiflfloe opaBEio casaTB roorefi JUiioirB 
n cBiiy, a caMOMy caxETBca kl fleny cnEEoft, inro^B EesaiifoBO 
BsynaTB srpy btb ^EsicmoMÍft. A669my saaajiocB, se saE^^aji 
HeBiiroxu CBoero nojioseEie. Obi cb jjíu6kúř BsrjEByjrB sa Bočmo 
8 nporoBopflai: 

— Bh o6'hBcasiZE MapBBs^ xe-Pompé BanrB njasB cjuhíe 

taiOlEHeCEEXl ^EBaflCOBl? 

— J3[ TOJiBKo BHopa, r. a6(5arB, emíxb ^ecrb hbiosei^ Map- 
nsi MOE Hxefl fl BaM^poBifl. 

— HneBEO, OBa roBopEja krí o&h btom^b. OBa, a yB^pesi^ 
irIpEo E noxpo($Bo nepexajia uwh Bce BanE csaBaflfloe. Haxo Baii% 
engaiB, ^ro napsEsa— seflE^sa BeofioKBOBeBflO BpoBBqaTejBBaE, 

OB HpeSBliqafiBO B^BHITB BSTJflXOMl. 

KocMO nouoBEJCfl E cRasajrB: 

*— JífiCUBLTOHBO pa8% BEX^TB MapRESy, TTOOl y&b^WThCSÍ RB Ofl 
BBOOlIBBOBeBBlIXl CBOCOÓBOCTflXl. 

— HaieBEo, HB§ OBÍ xopomo, ocEOBaieiBAO esb^^ctbu. SÍ — ea 
cmt 6u8sifi xpyrB, xyxoBEBift pyROBOXEiejcB bc^xi oa xoHam- 

^ co0ecixHiutB ea nyaut, cob^tbevb ea no MBorEirB xtjo- 

BonpocaiťB^ paaxaBaiejB ea noxasBifi. 
RocMO CBOBa noRJiOEEJica, se ssan vrb otbíwtb. Bexe, hto 
iMm MOJiiErB, Ba Bcaaifi cjyqaB sasEByji BOMniExeBTB: 

— KasxHft, BTO EBťberB xoia Basoe-BEfiyxB noBarie o ceiiefi- 
cnl xp^PoEipéy Benpeac^EBO oi^betb BaiHiejBBoe nojosoBie, bo- 
lifiNt ib n BeiTB BaBEnaere, r. a66aTx. 



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233 BMfHmi iBPoim. 

— MapKEsa, BOHe^HO, coB^iOBajiacB co mhoS vm nepBun 
OTHOCHTejBHO Bamet HxeH. Ona, a cjniman, yAOcroHiacB Bjni- 
TejiBHofi nouepsBH sapxHHaia Bepenu — h jsfioíe 6jarocjiOBeHÍi 
CBflTiflmaro on^a? 

— S. noBasy naiTB AOsyiieBTii, r. a6($aTB. Ohh Bcevf/L nps 
MH'&. Ecce signom. 

ByiiarH hbhjhob na ci^ny. Á66wb npocuorpin ex% ch rjy- 

60BHMX BHHMaHÍeirb. 

— Ohh yó^AHieuHii, r. Kocmo, bi cmícjit CBflrtftmeft cans- 

lUH. Ho Ch npaiBTHHeCKOfi, A&tOBOfi, ^HHaHCOBOfi TO^KH Sp^HÍX 

RaBitfyxTO Tpe6yK)TCfl eme HŠBOiopHg pasiflCHemH. 3jdteB-T0 ofina- 
pysaTCfl K0ji6($aHÍH, BoropHa en^e MoryrB cyn^eciBOBaTB vh fjnA 
MapBHsii; 9Torb-TO nyHBrB h ÓyxerB crposaSmnirB o^paaoiťB pas- 

CjAffiBAWh MapSHdOMl H XpyrHlTL JWnpU^hj BOTOpOe JPh HeCUCTbl) 

uojisyetcsi cjiHmBOM'L 6ojihmEWh BJÍaHÍeirL b% fjbjíOBUTh coBftqa- 
Híaxi BToro xoMa. KoHevHO, bh, Hcspennifi h Ójaro^ecTHBGift BaTO- 
JHB'E, He 6en rjy<$OBaro cosajinifl ysnaerei iro btb btoS combí, 
BOTopaa lasi OTjHHaercfl CBoefi npejuiHHOCTBio i^epBBH, CBoeft BÍp- 
HOCTLH) saBOHHsiirB npexcraBKiejfliTB óosecTBennaro npaBa,— pec- 
ny6jHBaHei^, 6e86osHHBi, BomiyHapi sanBicaerB otohb BiúnejiB- 
Hoe noioseHÍe. 

Rocifo Ha^ajii noHHiiaTB, hto foctb ero sexen kb ^eiiy-TO 
HHTepecHoify. 

Ohi cnpocHJťB: 

— MapBHsa nopyuia BaiTB, r. a66arB, roBopBXB co khoS 
061 8TOM1? 

PyMBHeipB Ha n^eBax^B aÓÓaxa cjierBa ycHJiHjica, Borxa oh-b 
OTBÍ^an: 

— HhCBOJIBBO. Si HBHJICa Bl sani BaBl: ^eiOB^KB, co3HaH>npt, 

HTO vb CHjy cBoero nojosenifl ofiasani OBasarB BOSMOSHoe co- 
xMcTBie npex-nosenÍHMi, yxociOHBmHMCfl nospoBHieiBCTBa CBflrifi- 
maro OTi^a. Uoiaraa, wro bh kosere norepniiB neyxany raiTB, rxi 
XM BacB Bpaftne sasno naSiH HCBpe^HK>K) h BOcropsenHyi) 
noxxepsBy, a pimEJca xob^phtbce Bamefi ^eciH — h npex^osHiB 
BaiTB cBoe cox^ficTBÍe x<ia o(5e8neieHÍa siofi noxxepssH. Eaai 
BHXHTe, fl HHiaiD BejiHvaĚmee xoB^pie bb Bamefi capoMHOcra; 
HEa^e H ne Óíijtb 6u bx^cb. 

— OrBpoBeHHocTB, noxo6Haa Bamefi, xoporofi a66aTB^ — cBasan 
KocMo, 6iicTpo noxHHMaflCB H (Sepfl co6ec£xHHBa sa odh pysa,— 
He MoaserB ne BusBaTB oiBpoBeHHaro oiBira. Baaroxapio aacB 
orB Bcero cepxi^a. OiÓpocHiTB bcabíh ycJiOBHua nexonoaBBH h nó- 
roBopHMi xpysecBB. OieBHXHo, y Bací cboh Bsrjaxu* IIocOBt- 



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I 

I «IHAEOOBHt ?HmPb« 2S9 



I 



lytre, iro cjFbfjerh f^MXb. — AÓÓan ropano otbšth jr& ea pyKO- 
nosarie ^HHaHCHcra. 

— r. EocMOi a OTHecycs vb Bam Kas^B n xpyry, ce koio- 
pan Mory roBopaiB orapoBeHHO. IlepBoe h rjansoe— yna^TosETb 
wsme Aaryana xe-ja-FyirB. Ecjh oet> ne Ójfjdfrh y^ajieai hjh 
le nepeflxen na Bamy cropony, bu ne Mosere pascqirrsiBaTb ea 

COxMCTBie CB 9T0& CTOpOHEI. 

— %o se jyíme Bcero nocoBŠíyere bh, r. atftfaii, htoiííi 
otiier^m jtocTHaseme STofi seJiaeMoft q^jih. 

— B'B ZBui r. ÁBTyana, sasi mei ero HasiiBaeifB Mesxy co<5ofi, 
— CBEsaxB a(56aTB, cieraa aanuuiHyBB, — mh Huteiirb x^o cb le- 

lOirisOlťB CaTaHHHCKOfi XHTpOCTH. 

— Heyx&iB? 

— JljBL, OHI CBfocKÍft nezoBÍií% H ABHHKB ci camiMB xyp- 
HHMH npaBMaMH. Mhí HBxaBHa HSBJ^cTHo, 1T0 OHI Boxei^j^ canyi) 
csaflAaďeBHyio bchshb. 

— A MapRHBa 9Toro ae SHaen? 

— H cnejTh cBoefi oÓBsaHHOCTBH) cootfn^HTB MapsHB&y laicB se 
UKB H r-Hy A^-PoHipé ace, ^tó ysnajii o&h ero OTHomeHÍarB. 
Ho OHH oTB^najH ufAj tto noBe^enie r-na Aaryana y hhxi vb 
m/k (SesyaopHSHeHHO, hto cb ero niieHeiťB ne CBasano OTspuraro 
ocaajtajia, nro ohi a^pniift h xopomifl y^paBMI0^^fi^ cjoboitb, 
OHI He oxotípHJH Moero yiacria vb btoitb xbxb. S. nomejii Aute 
1 o6paTHJCfl sa cobítoii'b vh fjxoBBniKy napBHSii, aótfaiy fljonfBj 
1 n ea xpyry, noHCHHBopy; ho Óesycoinrao. Ohh coub Henojor* 
TiTHiwB BifimaiBca vh 8to aím^ tíicb óojiie, hto r. Anryani 
ysipm BrB, hto BBOHOHH^ecKoe ycrpoficTBO rpoMasnaro coci:ofl- 
M xe-Pompé — jííjio ero pyai. 

— Bbi BTOMy ne BipBxe? 

— Mhš jĚjHme BHaTB. ]ífiviph mhí MapsasB cboh x&ia, a 
jdxiewhf HTO CB nOMOn^BH) npiaxejia, o^Horo bbi onuTffiftHiHxrB 
HompiycoB^ tlapaaui, Mon 611 ynpaBJUiTB ero xtnuai^ cb 6óib* 
meS BBOHOMÍefi. • 

— He 6yAerB HecapoMBuurB cnpocHTB aiia btofo rocnoxana? 

— HacRonso. F. Fajiiomii. 

-*- Ho aaiTB He yxajioCB yxajiHTB r. Aaryana. ?to bu TenepB 
BiiJ^^eHH A^jian? 

— SL BBsy Vh caHOMi xapaaTepfi aamero npex^ioseHÍa cpeA- 

CBN) H^pajIHBHpOBaTB, B, 6uTB MOSeTB, E OSOHHaTeJIBHO yHH^TO- 

wb Bnanie srofi HenaBECTHofi jhhhocte. Bama B^epamnia oÓbbc- 
HpmaBeaa Ha MapRHsy rjiyóoaoe ane^aiJii^Hie. BaiirB yxa- 
aňd BarpoHyTB rjaBH^ttmia cípyns ea AyniB. Oaa yMaa, 



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240 BMnom inomi. 

vecTOJiDÓnBa, HCKpeHHe-pejHríoBHa — Hcraa Baion^sa. Ecjih Bán 
yxacTCfl ycHjiBTL bth BnenaTjiiHifl, e bi to se Bpeiui noxaTi^ ocho- 
BaiejBEyio Haxesxy na npaBTB^ecsifl ycaixx — ona ÓyxerB 8a Bací. 
r. AHiyaHx cociaBirr^B onnosai^K). Bii noÓ^ie, n ony u^ero 
6oJite He ociaHeica BaBi yxajiHTBca cb nou óhtbh. 

— Bu oieHB yeaoBouH Hena oreirb ysipemeifL. Xoia Top- 
secTBO Moefi ejs^e ne saBscarb on corjacia xe^Pompé, a cosnaK), 
BaByK) rponaiKHyio noMopsay ohh Mona 6h osasaTS mohiíi opoes- 
TaiTE. HaA^iocby hto nory nojosHT&ca, r. aStfarb, na, Bame ne- 
ou^eeHHoe €OA'&flcTBÍe? 

— R coBepmeHHO bi BamaicB yciyrani. 

— BjiaroAapH) Baci>. Taa^b a nory paBC^aniBaTb, hto bii boc- 
nojBByerecB bcímh 6jaronpiflTHiiiiH oiy^aaMB, aasie xaerB Ban 
Bame nojosesie, htq6h BcejHTB vb yui aaniiixB naTpoHOBi y6ixr 
AeHÍe, ^Oj coxiftCTBya aTOny BejiBKOMy npceBiy, ohh nocjiysan 
CBfln^eHH'&finiaM'B HHiepecairB, npHiiyrb ynacrie kb hobom^b xpecro- 
B0M'B noxoA^ npoTHBx CHJix a^a, noMoryn osHaieniio oeiaÓtB- 

mHZl CHJTB JífiptBE? 

— He ynyníy hh o^Horo cjtynaa^ r. Eocmo. 9to — xfiio 
Óiaro^ecTÍfl. 

lepHue rjiasa Eociio CBepBayaH. 

— Ho, — caasa^^B oh-b, nojiosHBi pyay Ha pyay CBan^eHHHBa,— 
XOJisHO JH 8T0 6im, ^MropasyMHo jh, hto6% 8to 6hjio tojbbo 
AÍjo tfjaroHecxifl? BtpoaTBO y aaci, r. a66arBy ecTB njaHci, vh 
BOTopux^B BH JIH9H0 saHHTepecoBaHH, ^o^pua xija, SaBÍfl^HHÓyXb 
jK)6BMiifl ÓJiaroTBopHTejBHua y^pes^eHÍa? Csasano: mpyČAtt^iůM do- 
cmauHs Hatpadhí ceoeú. Bi hocmi pacnopflseni^ 6yAyrb sHa^HrejB- 
Hue ^ÓHAu AJísi npeABapHTejBBBixii paczoxoBx no aroiiy o6niHpHO]iy 
npeAnpiflTÍK). Ohb Óyxyrb pacnpex^JieHu Mesxy areHraiin; ohh— - 
coCcTBOBHOCTB TŠxi, ETO coA^ďtCTByeTB coB^aHÍK) STOFO Mory^aro 
pEi^ara iiiepRBH. 

— noMHiyfire! (a&ecTB oipoiiaHifl). 

— IIosBOJiBTe. IIpBAfl EO MH^, BU o6iiapys»H 6e8KOp£ICTH0e 
sejiaHÍe x^ficiBOBaTB B^b HHTepecaxi i^epaBH. Ob caoeft cropoHH 
a, Basx npexcraBBTejib rbxf* se CBan^enniixi HHiepecoBi, c^HiaR) 
XOJiroiťB npoiuosBTB Bi Bame jiH^Hoe pacnopaaceHÍe HtaoTopyK) 
cyMMy, BOTopyK) bu Morjn . 6u ynorpeÓHTB no ycMOip^mio aa 
Baaoe-HHÓyAB k^jlo^ 6jH8Boe aameify cepAi^. 

— Bu BejtHROxymHu, bu... 

— S. TOJiBBO cnpaBexJiHBi, r. aÓÓaTB. 

— QpnsnaiocB, hto Kaai hh neosBxaHHo aame npe^Jiosenie, octb 
A^^bfiCTBirreJBHO npeAneTu, na aoropue a mopb 6u ynorpeÓHTB njoxQ 



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^hháhcobhI phiupb. 241 

Bunero saCoTJCHBaro Bemzojsymsi. Mory jh cnpoCHTB, cocrasEjiH je 
BB ce6i noHfliiey vb bhxj BasHocTK osHA&eMHr& ycjyrB, o itn^^p'^, 
soiopyi) BH couH Óii cetffl fl upasi HasHauTB xu aroft i^&íb? 

— JI He ciribi 6u npex^iosBTB neH^e usmneoLm TBicaqs 
^pftHsoffL, Tocnofflwh a66arB. — T&hb nejiBBHyjia no yjiuŮBLJomfiuycí 
mj aóCaia. 

— 9to... 8T0... oneHB n^expOy — npomenrajB ohx. 

— Ho noBBOJiBTe, Aoporofi atf^ars, — CBasajii EocnOy — sto ho 
fice. fl xoT&L^B npiÓaBHTB, sorxa bh uensi npepsajsH, ^o cyniia 
m 6yxerB yniia^efla nenimi xeHBramr. Kx net a HaM^srB 
npiooexHHRTb yqacrie vh hobomi jiíbA, HOUHHajiBHo na Ty se 
eyiofy, Koiopas, HaAtR)CB, BCRopi yXBOHTCfl hjh yrpoHioi. 

TiEb HC^esUy ^66wrb cxBaTHJii pyicy n^exparo ^HHaHCHcra. 

— Bee 6yfifin> cA'6jiaH0, ttó toako vh cuaxi ^eioBiBa h 
CBiiqeHHHBa. ^o CBEjifma. Áa tfjiarocjioBHn BaeB FocnoxB mhjio- 
cepiHl! EcraTH — vita brevis — wa saHHrepecoBaHHHxrB zvn;h 
Moserb 611TB BasHo,— ecjH Bam Bce paBHo,— ne x&XHTe n mhí 
lopeieHBKyK) sanscoisyi npocto BanHCO^Ry, fb BoropoS 6h nox- 
TBepsxaiocB cxiiaHHoe BavH npexiosesde? 

GoBepmeHHO cepBSsHO, 6em naiMmaro HSiíŠHemfl bi jhi^^, 
Bočmo upmcbsb wh crojy, bsajtb jihctb 6yMarH, nanEcajii na 
Hen híckojibbo cjiorb TBepxnMi, HersEMi no^epROirB e, doaiih- 
cm, nepexai^B aótfaxy. 



m. 

nBeBMO, oojy^eflBoe akb PEMa, notfyxHJio Borapiyca rajH)mii 
iCKttB c&iEseHifl cfh RocMo. Bb nocjaHÍfl btoitb roBopsjocB: — «0t- 
cnxi Ba-XHSXo^ BsixajrB hciobísi, otobb ycepxBO nocin^aBmift 
BmuHi sa nocrtxHee Bpeiifl. 9to — qpesBBiqaflBo Bairi&WTejiBBas 
msocTB. 3oByn ero $paBwcBo Kocmo; poxoMi obi ^jiopeflTEBeiiti, 
imonaHi homumó o6ufecmeoM9, xote BEBorxa ae bocbjb xoBcypu. 
O^jna BB ÓaBBBpcBOfl KOBxopí Vh Membí e x^jiafl be;^, hto 
nq^nňecBE noxAepacBBaerB nojnmiKy EaBypa, obi em&ii bob- 
■onocTB osasaiB Beop^BOBEUE ycjyrE EBiepecairB peJEriE e 
WPuranejiflirB ÓosecTBOBEaro npaBa. SaBEnaaoB x^anB fb 
I|bijí, obi, no ciyxaMi, BasEj^B ce6^ xobo^bo coiexboo coctoe- 

^ CIOJH) XByXB MfllJliOBOB^B ^paBKOBl, XOTE BpaFE OFO yXBepS- 

^m, TO> ovB FB A<uiry. Obb BaiiipoBi^ nocejErBCE fb napEScb 
■ nu oqnqecTBETB BejiEByH) E^eio, soiopyi) TasB tfxarocBJíoBBo 
tlíUb. Hxen dra — ynorpeÓBiB oÓbibpbue cpe^CTBa Baxo- 
»trf*-CnuBFB, 1882. 16 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



242 BftCTHIK'b EBPOnH. 

junecsott iiepBBH h napTÍH ash npiotfp^HÍfl npeotfjfaxammapo 
BjriflHifl Ha eBponeHcBOMi xeHesHoirB puBtA. Koaco Haj^torai 
yqpexHTB conxHoe npedumme oCvj^ecmeo a orpoMHiun Kanna- 
lOMx. Oho Óyxen hmštb otx^húi f& Pairby Maxpui, B&h% h 
JIOHxoffb E, xpoMi BCAema bcobobhoshiizi ýiiHaHOOBím líbjtb^ 
BaBexen 6aHBH, crpaxoBsuí otin^ecTBa, safiiieTca nocTpoIaott sejte- 
HHTB Aopon. Byxyn^il y^tpexHTeiB yse noxjnu vx^b lOHi^eccÍK) 
Ha xopoiy, soTopaa (Sy^en hpoxoahtb Ha paBHOirB pascroBHiB otb 
OpewHseicHaro h AxpiaTH^eciaro Mops, ona oospaTiirB nyTB bi 
Hhxíh) Ha 350 mha; paBCuranOy no, tijutroxapa et, xecars m- 
cxvh ÓoraxHxi aHTJHMHi eseroxflo npoixyri lepesi Haon nojy^ 
ocxpoBi. JboÓHMufi ojttHi EocMO — HpoBecTB seitsHyi) Aopory 
Hepesi BecB BajsaHCBÍft noiyocrpoBi no npniiol ihhíh otb PaiysH 
AO BapHH. CrpoHTB ee 6yxyTB aaiojHRB; no odi cropoHU jhhíh 
6yxyn saTOJH^ecsui nocexeniji; btbitb nyreiTB Eocmo pascunn- 
Baen ótxííihtb iiaroMeTaHcsoe HacejieHie on namETB BparoBi 
cjiaBflHi, H npioÓptoH npeo6jaxaK)n^ BjdflHÍe Ha boctob&. Koiw 
aia xopora 6yxerB osoH^ena, san h xa ^ló Hxen on Bisrpaff 
xo CajOHHRi, Bu yBHXHTe, BBruHyvB Ha Bapiyi hto ohí o6pa* 
syxm apecn, mnxh nox^HHeHia BaiKaHcsaro nojyocrpoBa exanot 

HCTHHHOfl Btpi. KoCH O 86861% Cl» COÓOK) 6iar0U0B6HÍ6 CBITÍfilBarO 

on^a, H iTo BasHŠo x^a xí^a, peBOMeHxaTejiBfiHfl nHCuia on u^ 
XHHajia Bepenii; ne xyxo 611 Bam cb hemi nosHasoiCHTBca j» 00 
npHcrajiBHte ca^Xhtb sa ero x^flcTBÚniH*. 

IIhcbiío 8T0 noxcipeBHyjo jiDÓoniiTCTBO ranýma. UposxairB 

HŠCBOJBIO XHeft DOCin^eHÍB KoCMOy OffB OTnpaBHJCfl B^B HeMy caMi. 

BocMO vh CBOK) oiepexB cosnaBaii bhojihí, Kam nasHO xu 
nero cox&fiCTBÍo npECusnaro coBÍTHHBa aaiojiEiecaHXi xoHrpe- 
rai^il, a noioify bi 8 ^acoBi 6effB 10 Minyn oh% raxoxui 
H81 Rap6TB[ y 6oiBmoro xoMa fb Rae Nenve des Petíts Ghamps. 
Bopora ($hj[h sanopru, owh wmwb kb iiajeflBByx> HUHTsy h, yBi- 
xaBx vh cAA HanpaBO jtossAy, HanpaBHJicfl*6iiJ0 n wĚ^ lasi 
ero ouHBHyj!B pitsiĚ rojocB. Tyn tojibbo Kocmo saM^nm pí* 
xom CB KaisTKofl BOMHaTBy, uon BOTopot 6iixB eEyneHH naxBi 
HHse ho^bb; bb OBomeuo, Banasi^Ba Boroparo 6iua orx^Hyia, 
OHI saiiiTHn H6X0BÍBa, sauiaro nonHBOtt CBpuiBH. dio (hut 
noBBXHifOMy pocjul CHjBHHfl i6X0BÍBi| cyxi HO oro napoBEiti 
HJievairB h ÓojBmofi fojobí. Bi xBepan croua oco6a, oxiHXHyB* 
maa nocftnrrexE, towo ^aooBot. !3to 6kiu senotHHa, hooÓhbho* 
B6HH0 BHcoBaro pocra^ cb cMyrjiEiirB h HeapacEBrnn JH^on. 

— Kyxa HBBOJHxe hxth? 
;. — Hxy Bi r. rajiH)niá. 



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élIiflOOBHl FHIliPB. 243 

— Bame hma? ^ 

— CiHBopi ^paH^ecso Eo€mo. 

— fifOBMChj npOBOXH. 

^eiOB^icb, HHHHBinifi cspensy, Bsjurb ReŮonmyio muuoHKy h 
ooiDecB BnepexB. SexeHHfi soHnirB sai^paBan eiiy noHis Bce jojjp. 
Gam HorapiycB arBopur^ xsepB. 

— fl HMto yxoBoncTBie saA^Tb ciHBopa Eocmo? 

— El BamuťL ycjyram. 

— Gx^juiĚTe QXpjiseHiei BdofiwTe. 

KocMO BomeA^B bs maposífi lOf^AOpi) orsyxa xosaMBi, npo- 
BexE eFD TOpen oien (kaunyiOy cu6o 0CBÍB^eflByK> BOMHaTy^ co 
noasecTBOicB ciojorb, BapiOHORB h np.^ onesBABO, BOBiopyi— bi 
(»p(mHHt, pocKomHO*Me6j[HpoBaHHiifi BaÓHHen. Oh norojma cbš- 
nvBajacB aaiina, spxo ocjÁnyiBinafl Bcb ospysaionve npexneTu. 

C^QWI XOMHaTU CKMUB OOdlBEIOft CíQXh HSB pÍ8Horo AY^^a, a Ha 

fien 6poH80Baa sapxBHBepBa^ yRpameHHaa npexpacBOfi ýbshdot h 
iWKiHeHHaa i^Biiaioi. , Ha xanBHHdl xocxi iqiacoBajiHCB pocsoin* 
fine xaHxeuópu h BeiHBOJiiiiHiie ^lacs fb csma^ JboxoBHBa XIV. 
£(«Haxa (SHja BHOCsas. OAnu oueeHu BopauesmiH oÓosmMj Ch 
uiiijnuwh jwpowh «repoupé». IIo o6i caxípoBín xamiHa ctcmuh 
KH1SBH6 imui^tf) yBpaoieHBHe oxhhi (teocroirB noioSBaro nk IX, 
xpyrofl — sapxHHaia PsiDejBfi. Bce yi^^exBO om^aflocB BsycoMi^ 
H ((oraiCTBOirB. 

Fanomá aa bix^ mosho 6ujo »Tb jňerh mecTBflecfln. £ro 
nowqwBeHHHe nox^ rpedeHxy cAji/áe bojoch nausajiH pbjxjbth na 
DNieBi. BHcoKifi jiK>6i iipBxaBai'B eiiy oco($eHHO**rjy<k>KO]fucjeBHiiS 
Bi^B. Tjasa 6hjh MaieHBKÍe, leMHo-dpiie, opoHBQaTejiBHHe; hoci 
(kouiQtt, opiBHHfl; jj6u lOBxÍB. Ox^TB OHI Úujn Hsan^o, ho 
Hsifl^ecTBo 810 ho fipocajocB FB rjiaBa. 

TaiHHe rjasa Kocmo bctpíthjibcb cb nasaMH Horapiyca, na 
ry(Sm ero EOflBHJUtcb OTxpBeHHaii, CHMoaTHuafl yjHÓBa. 

— Bani Mosen 6ii?b hbbšctho, saiiirB a npiteaj'B fb Ila- 
pui, — cxasan ohi^. 

— iS ciyuflHO ysnaaiy— KanijaHyFB oiBÍiaJii HompiycB,— 
oa Moevo yBasaoiiaro xpyra, r. nepnropa, ^o híbto ^eK% 
MlkuMn ony o Bamen npii^ fb Hapasi h o i^h Bamero 
^ima. JI nexh vyxauwb hocítatb Bací, lasi sasi npex^o- 
aesia Bams no cyn^ecTBy CBoeMy xoishu rjyóoso nniepecoBaTB 
^^Bisa, Ha xoTopoiTB zemoTh laRaa oTBJ^icTBeHHocrB, Bani 
Ha Msb, 

— Hh% npiflTHO cJonnaTB bto otb Bací. Si noHHMaH), aaBi 

16* 



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244 BMTiisi iBPoná. 

BasHO XJifl MeHfl sapy^HTbCfl BarnsMi OAo6peHÍeirB vb oroirL BeiH- 
KOM'B npexnpi^B. 

HoiapiycB nosiOHHJicfl xobojlho cyxo. 

HTajoMBei^i npoAOisajii: ^ 

— BeffB BCflBaro coMH^nifly bh Hoatere Ónm mhí ^rpesBH- 
i^afiHO nojiesHu. IIpaB^a, a bit^^k) cavyK) BJíumexbuyio noMepssy, 
KaK^B OTh vbrb, nu sejamsi a^i Haci erb saiiK paBEAioru npH- 
RasaHiflMSy TaKB n orb tmbeuxt^ ^BHaHCHcroBi; ho mh'& roBopiii, 
H fl yó^ffiwhy vto Bame conyBCTBÍe iroBirb BBrjiBAairb Morio 6u 
sHa^HTejibHO o6jier^HTb AOciHseHie bthxi i^^efi. RapjtHHanb Be- 
perra Hasejb moha na mbcjb nocoB^TOBaTbCfl cb saii e. Ohi Qopy- 
HBfb mhí n^exatb Baifb 9to nncbiio. 

Horapiycb tfiicrpo npo($&Kajb ero, jihi^o ero npoacHHJiocb. 

— OneHb Baii'b (nroxapeHi ea xoeraBJíeHie aroro nKc^iia, 
vh HeiTb oqeHb acho BiipaseHH mhcjih ero npeocBflo^eHCTBa onio- 
CExejibHO pojTBy xoTopyio n, no ero noHariflirbi kojlxbwb Brpaib bi 

BTOlfb fifbjA. Owh rOBOpHTb BBÍ, B^pOflTHO, IHTaJH HHCbMO?.. 

— EifTh, — cBasaj^b Eocmo, CMOTpii eny npflMO vb wasa.— 
Ho fl ystpeHi^, ^iro mucjik Moero xpyra sapxHflaia ne cocraB- 
jifliorb X4fl MeHfl Taftem. 

— BoTi, ^TOOffbnHineTi: «Mii6yxeiirb^rpeBBinaftH0 xoBOJibnQ, 
ecjiff tfjraHH r. Eocmo OBasyrca ocyn^ecTBHMiiifH Ha xbjA. TAu 
BHOjmi HOjaraeHCfl na Bacb OTHOCHTeibHO noMin^eHÍfl ^ npexno- 
laraeif oe npexnpiflrie xoxoxobi RaTOJH^ecBHTb KOHi^raivt bo ^pan- 
^ÍH| H yfi^xeHH, HTO r. Rocmo, nejOB^Bi BbicoBaro yna, omen 
HeotfxoxHMuirb xjííi ycnixa CBoero x^a coeduHumhCH es etiMU dM 
dajiMifbúwmo ptmumiH eio*. 

Cx^JiaKb ocoóoe yxapenie na hocj^xhhxi ciOBaxb, Horapiycb 
cnoBofiHO oiosHj^b HECbifO H nojtosiurb ero na ctojii. 

— ^OTfl a HO ^HTajx nncbiia sapxHHajra^— CBasajrb HTajibaHeiti, 
— o6npS TOffb ero Ónjrb mh4 HBB^^ereHi, — ho s o<SuBHn ero 
npeocBBn^eHCTByi ^to ho BOBbnycb ocyn^ecTBiarb 9Ton Hpoesn, 
ecJH 1^*6 HO 6yxerb npexocTaBjena noíHaa CBOÓoxa vb Butfop^ 
C0K)8HHS0Bi. Ha oxHOiTb iopa6ji'& Hejibsa Hn^Tb xByTb sannaHOBi. 
BaiTb HSB^CTHO, ^TO sapxHHaJTb Beperra xasi XT^OBHiitt h xhiuo- 
Marb-— oxHsrb Hsrb Jiy^nrarb, ho vh ^HHancaxi OH*b ue Bronepn. 

— Tiifb HO Mente, r. Rocmo, — cb yjuÓBOft BOdpasHii ho- 
Tapiycrb, — BH BOcnojibsoBajHCb ero ycjiyraiiH, hto(Ji BBecTH Banrt 
npoeBTb BO ^pani^K). 

— Kasi Bocnojbsosaacfl 6h yoiyranH anocrojia Herpa, 6jf> 
OHI sBBi. KapxHHajTb — Mofi xpyn. Sny 2 o($MCHHji'b noastE^ 



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•UÁHOOBHS PHlpLPB. 2é5 

csyx) H pejniriovyiD ciopony iioero npoesra; iio se ao 4>HHaHC0B0ft 
—OHI coBepmeHHO bojlokmacsl ea iieHfl. 

— IIosBOjibTe cnpocHTL, JOkKh Bu HaifipeHsi ocyn^eaBHTB Bams 
soioce&sbHBie npoesni bo $paHI^H, ne sapy^HBímcB coxiflCTBiemi 
ňxh^ Bony npHflax^esHrb xifiCTBHxejibHiifi BOHrpojiB Ha^i cpex- 
cifianH UTOjnecxot napriH? 

— IIoBBOJiBie mhí nou ae OTBi^aiB na worh Bonpoci. JI,o- 
ciaioHHO 6yxerB CRasaTB^ tto hxx noMepssa ne cocraBJuerB Aia 
Meflfl 6e8yciOBHOt Heo(bi[OWiMOCTH. 

— He cocraBJíaen? — npepBajTB HOTapiycB. — He Moáeie »e 
m eocraBHTB Bame rpoMaxHoe spexsTHoe oÓn^eciBO 6e»h AeHen! 

— nsBHHHTe MeHfl, paffB, HTO dio xpexHTHoe otfn^ecTBO — 910 He 
xeHBrH. Ho Kbjío ne vh tomi. & tojbbo xo^y csasaTB, hto 6ja- 
roxapa BiícoxHMib coioBHHBairby BaKHim a yse aapyujicai a BHsy 
BOBMOSHOCTB coÓpaTB Beio cyiocy, HeoÓxoxHHyH) AU nojHaro pas- 
bhu Moero npoesTa. 

— Bisy,— csasajii HOT^iiycBy— HTO bii ne myMie, ho hbbii- 
Hire, ecjH a hosbojik) ceói aaidiTHTB, hto Bame saflaienie Baserca 
xb£ napaAoscom* 

— nonamo, — caasajrB Kocmo BunpaMjaacB,— coBepmenao no- 
HxxHo! $HHaHCH — Moe peiiecjio, a ne Bame. To, ^ib Mfl'& acno, x^a 
BacB napaxoiBcrB, to^ho Tasí ase xasx Banni cyxie, lopiiXHqeciúe 
nyHxní— AU nena saraABa, a noiOMy Moe a^o ocyn^ecxBjaTB Mofi 
opoesr^i a aame — osasarb mb co^ttcrBíe fb CHiy pe^yTa^ÍH, 
xoiopyx) BH npio6p%iH no CBoefi uctb« 

— Bh A^aere ueí Óonmyio ^ec£b, r. Eocmo, — apoHE^ecRH 
BOspasHjrB Fasiomii: — yaasuBaa nwb pojih^ KoropyH) a npisBaHi 
arpatB vb btoě — a csasai^B 6u: BOMeAÍH —nm ona AO^isna hmÍtb ipa- 
meadfi xapaaiepi? Ho nosBOJiBie iih% saM^TETB, tto ne cnorpa 
la Bame Hcsyccrao fb saHeciBi niinpeccapiOi a ho npHBUsi arpaiB 
pttB, onpeA^efinyio uiA ApyranH. 

— EiieHHO, a saiiiTB h npEmeai cK>Aa, htoÓíí npocHTB Bací 
váfUTh jaD6yv> poJiB^ noA^B ycjiOBieirB npeAOcraBHTB mhí moh) — 
nasHaro Hiinpeccapio. 

— Mu lepaem BpoMa. HojiaraH), iio roBopH) cb HejOBisoiTB 
Hfagnmii: Bonpoci vh tom^b: nero bii otb nena xothio? 

— Jíj^ HH^ero! 

— IIoifHjiyflTei Bu npiixaiH xo meH 

— flBBHHHie, a BA^CB no Bameiiy nparjiameHiH). 

— y BaCB 6lU0 UHCBIIO... 

*— Eoioparo a ne np^iaBJuuTB, xoia yse A^caiB AueH bi 



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246 BMTHHK'b IBPOII9. 

— Ho... 

— Ho, xoTHxe feu CBasaiB, r. Fajinniáy xan se beitl yxacici 
ocyniecTBETB BanrB npoesTBÓesi Moero coxMctbui? HosBOJBie asi 
CBasatB BaifBi ^ro bto bhojhí easMoofcnOj ho ho tbs,% jiersOt sasi 
ecjHÓi m Morjni npExm kb corjianieHiK) — ^ero 6u s. icKpeHHO 
sejia:rB. npH8HaK)CB, ^xoBame cox^ftctBíexM neHii spatoe Basno. 
?To6% noiy^HTB ero^a roiOBi Ha bosbía 6jiaropaq^iCHKfff ycrynsE. 
6yA6MTe patforaTB bmí^ctí. 

HiajiBflHeitx npoTflHyjni py$y Horapiycy cb TopacecTBynniefl 
jsu6koí. 

F. Fajnomá 1$hjib AOcraTOHHO ckuhhS ^leMB^n, hto6^ HHorw 
no8Bo:iHTB ce6i Óutb cja6uMB. Ohb bsub nporflHyryK) pyisy i 
nosan ee. 

— FapnoHHHecBoe coTpyj^HH^ecTBO bb HHrepecarB panniH h 
Dpasaro x^jia-^Moe nepBoe h exHHCTBeHHoe sejanie, — CBas&n 

OHX. 

ycnoBoeHHsit othitb otbítomb, Rocmo, co wbwh CBotcTBeHHim 
eiiy BpacHopideirB, pasBHJi nepexB hhmb bocb CBOft npoetn. 
HorapíycB cjiymaj'^ xasB o^apoBannBit, h oco6eHHO ero nopasHio, 
BOrxa HUJiBifi opaTopB saflBHJB, TTO HaM^peHB ne oncasEiBaTBca 
OTB coxiffcTBÍfl espeeBB, xoTfl Bce x^jio HanpaBjíeHO upothfb hhte, 

npHtfaBHBB, HTO B8B%CTHtlfi 6aHBHpCBÍft fflVL% A6HpaMl E R^ 

BOSBiiei^ CB HHifi Vs KaHBTaja. 

— A HMX HSBÍ^THO, íTo 9T0 — y^pesxeHÍe BaTomecBoe? 

— KoHe^HO, nooTOMy-io ohh h ka^^iOTca sa ycnixB. ^eHBrH 
MesxyHapoxHHi oh% HpHMHpflK)rb Bci HHTepecH. A lyrB 6yjíyn 
HasHBaTBCfl rpoMaAHHfl cocromÍH. 

— RaicB se bh bco 9to ycrpoHTe? 

— O^eHB jerKo. ^ertipe BOHi^ecciH, o BoropiirB a roBopBJS 
Bani, y MeHa bb pyKaxB. Off& cocraBaiB ocHOBy HamexB onepai^ft. 
Ohí npHHecyrB ncroft npHÓEiJiE otb xBafflaiH js,o mecTHAecm 

MEJJliOHOBB. HOMEHaJIBHKltt BanEtaJB HaiHl BB CTO HEJJÍOHOBl. 

HamB nepBufi BunycsB bb nflTLxecflTB MHjiJiioHOBBy bb cm thca- 
HaxB aai^í^ no hatecotb ^pansoBB sas^aa. Hepsuft jsfSBEjsfiBXb 
Ójjífirh TOJBBO no 125 ^panaoBB na aai^H). GnEXEsaTB BOSBMeiB 
flXB al-parí. npexpacHO. JÍ,m Toro, vtoÓh oÓn^eciBO Óuiio npEsnaHO 
cyn^ecTByiontHMB na sasoBHOMB ocHOBaniH, hu, saseTca, aojishh 
ynjaxETB lOVo, T.-e. no 50 4>p. cb aB^ÍE, — Bcero natB meuíohobb 
4>paHB0BB. 9to HE^ero ne snaiEiB. Ror^a oÓn^ecTBO ÓyxeiB opra- 

HESOBaHO^ CEHAESaTB OÓBflBETB 0($B 8T0MB BO BCeOÓO^ee CBŠXtflíe, 

MH yse pacnojosEJiE bb cbok> nojBsy cjiEmBOMB TKicany npOBEE- 

lUaJIBHilXB E CIOJEHHHXB VBSeTh. Mu OfJBflBflMB HaniE PpOMaXHHfl 



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#EIiHGOBHt PBU^iPB. 247 

iQHQeociH, a sorxa Bce 6jffirb fotobo, mu Bunycraiii hobuíi aK^iB 
es npeiiieft vh 150 #. 

— l^bo $p.— HeBOBMoaHo! 

— Bi ^EHEHoaxi HeBostfosearo h^tBi ecth HeBŠponiHoe. 
QxHO HeBOSMoasHO — BBir&pHTB jiersoB^pie iijÓjihrb. 

— Ho 110 onpaBxaen ary rpoMaxHyio npeMhoP 

— 3HaieHÍ6 BOHi^eccífi, nojioa&eme XHpeKiopoff&y yBieieme 
ttioinecKaro iiipa, ajiHOCTB cneRyjiATopoRb. 

— Ho Basiim otfpasom yqpexHxejHi no^osHirB bh, a, HSBJíe* 
lerh Kasifl-HB^yxB Buroxu hsi aioro npexnpiflm. 

KocMO yjQiÓHyjcfl. Tyn offB Óhjtb xom^ 

OffB CHiin nepwTsyi bsatb muciovl Ójubte ch Óropo Hora* 
piyea, Óscrpo HanHcan pascHen h noxaj^b ero rajiK>ni&. Ma-. 
leHBSíe rjiasiui Horapiyca pasrop&iBCb. 

— Bu e^HTaeie bto bobhosehitb? * 

— J9[ sa STO pyiaiocB. 

— A Mes;Qr kíwb nox^iflici bth y^posHrencsifl asipH? 

— Tij BTO BHecb Heo($xoAHMiril Bamrani nasynarB Óómnyio 

ttCn HXB. 

Tyn CHOBa noainajiHCB i^H^^pu h BHyňmreAHHe h yó^ffi- 
leiBHHe BTora. 

HorapiycB cjiymaxE, cjiynum h, HaKOHeArb, CBasaxB: 

— SaaBjeme samé moha chaho sararepecoBajio. Ecra mhí 
yffdca y($^^xffrBCfl vh upasmecBott ocyn^ecTBEMOCTB BamHX^B npeA- 
Msemfi, z HecoMH^HO nory cynteciBenHo novo^ BaM%. ^afixe 
xhí Bpem nojQrnaTB. Bsi ho npoTHBi^ xoro, hto($s a cotfpajrB 
fleoÓxoxBMBfl cnpaBSH? 

— HanpoTHKb. BoTB moa Bapro^Ba, bii na nefl Haftx^e xsa 

OfOra, SOTOpilfl, BifcpOflTHO) y^OBJeTBOpATb Baci. ÁÓHpaMl H K^ H 

Párot fils yse noffiHcajHCB bmícií co mhoh) na 10,000 aKiufi. 
Moseie, ne cx^cHaflCB, roBopiiTB ch hbmh o6b aroM^s. Ohh saux 
Koasyn, hto HamH cpexciBa cooTB^TcrByioirB Hamet sajKan^. 

. — AoMa 8TH nepBOCieneHHue, xota oabhi eBpeScBÍfi, a xpy- 
Ni cuBHO nouepsraaeTB pecnydflHsy. 

— H^bxb ocBan^aerB cpexcTBa.— Hocjrb h^bojibrbxi o6misj% 
4pm EocMO pacnpocTHJCfl* 

IV. 

Korxa napKEsa BaroBopua cb nyseiii o npoesTb Kocho, oh:b, 
neifoiaKB ea ofhacnemej ToriacB cnpocHjrB*. 
* ■ r* ÍTO roBopHTB ABTyani? 



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248^ Bftomn iBPom. 

— EOHeUO, OHI npOTBHBv 3X0 He HCSJIlO^UieiBHO fíkiwA 

BonpocB, Tyrb saifl^maHU xpyrifl coo6paseBÍfl, He^ocxyiiHiia TasoiQr 
ÓesÓosHHsy. HiaffL—ROJioccauHuft. 

— He ciumwwh jih í>b% BOáOccajieHi, \TQOh 6mh o^ynte- 

CTBHMHM!b? 

— TjTh HaAO BdB^HTB MHOFoe. CeroxHH yipoiťb fl HOiyiHJia 
nHCUfo Hffb ^pomxop^, vaí roBOpHiCfl o^chb co^yBCTBeHHO o npoeK- 
tA r. EocMO. 

— Haxo, iTodi ÁBTyaH^b cb HHm nosHasoMHicfl. 

Bhah, Hto HyaKL Booón^e xojoaho oiHeccA B^Biony, vin osa 
ÓessaB^THo yBieBjacB, npejiecTHaa MapsHda piniHJia HCxarB coids- 
HHXOBi. IIpeaEAe Bcero ona o^panuacB b^b MOHCHHBopy. 3to éwch 
. KapAHHan h cenaiopB. Xotb yjiBrpaicoHTaffB, ohb 6iurb jneBat h 
nncaien, h ne CMorpa na CBoe 6iaroiecrie, 6ujrh CB^TCBÍft ieJH>Bfaa. 
Bi cBoe Bpeufl ohi ÓujĚb jspjxewh cb laKHicii pasHOxapasTepHHifE 
jHVHoeTflMH BaBi MoHiajaHÓepB, rnso, Mopnn h TBepB. Bi 
ceHarb owb BHor^a roBopni^B b% xasoirB tohí^, tohho croan sa 
jB^epanHiifl y^pesAemn, ho HCBpeHHÍe pecnyÓJiHBaHipi saiii^an, 
nmo 8T0 cjiyiajiocB xorxa tojbbOi Bor^a ero napiia ^ero-HiÓyxB 
sxajia OTB jas6epíud^ Owh Tasse nojiyvHn hhcbiu orB BapxH- 
nasa Bepemi h bvb $poinxop$a h paxB 6wí% y&bxvthcsLf ^m 
MapBHsa, nojiBBOBaBmaflCfl ero oco(5eHHHM'B pacnojioseHieMi, cxo* 

AHTCfl CB HHlťB Vb MllCJUiXl. OffB 0&bíHhJl% BŘ HOBJUilTB Ha 62 

Mysa. Otb nero Mapsasai hoxb npexJioroM^B Basoro-ro x&ifty 3&' 
^a^a Bi rajiH>má h saseia cb hhitb p'&hb o Eocmo. Xhtphí 
Hoiapiyci jí.&jL^ efi BHCBasarBCH^^npexciaBHJCfl, hto noxxaercfl aa 

efl BpaCHOpilBBBie XOBOAU H EOH^HXB TŠHI se, ^fbWh H MOHCHHBOpb, 

otížn^aB^B OBasaTB CBoe coA^flciBÍe jím o^pan^enifl ifapBHsa na nyn 
HCTUHHufi. 06a CAepauuH cjeobo. Mohchhbopi toiuo ocroposHO 
noATOTOBHJTB HOiBy, KOF^a flBHJCfl rajH)má: ohi saeian y napRisa, 
crpa^aBniaro no^arpot, ero B^pnaro AnTyana, h noori^ o(Shkho- 
BeHHarOy A&iOBoro co^^anÍB saBHHyn ciOBe^BO o Eocmo. Oia* 
páro apnciospaia oaho bto hma na^Hnaio pasApaauiTB. Amy^vh 
pa8CBa8aji'B, ^xo J^apBejB fobophjtb eMy o Kocmo BaB'B o MomeH* 
HHB^i HoiapiycB BciyHHJicii, BaM^THFB, ^To owb coCHpajH^ O HeMl 
cnpaBBH y AÓHpairB h E^ h nojiy^nui^B orsHB^b, vto y HraiBUita 
orpoMHaa HOMBpsBa. ^e-Jia-ryni ctobjii na CBoeiTB. Mapsasi, 
pacnow2BeHÍe xy^A Boroparo no cjiyqaK) ÓojAmm 6ujlo ne oco- 
6eHH0 yAOBJíeTBopHTejBHO, BciynHJCfl sa HeHSBtcTHaro eny npo- 
BceBiepa nas^B sa vejOBisa, noiB8yK)ntarocfl noRpoBHieiBCTBOiTB ero 
senu. CeBpeTapfl saifi^aHie 8to raicB bsS^chjOi ^to oh!b nonpociii 
CBoero naipona yBOJiHTB ero otb Hacxofln^et aojishocxh, TasB WBh 



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MflÁHOOBHl PHIUPB. 249 

npeiioasesui, Koxopiifl odcysxuHCB sa nocjiixHee epena 6en bca- 
nro yiaerúi Cb ero cíopomij npoTHBopiwT^ B(Aifi ero yótox^ 

HÚDTL. MapBHSl n O^eHB p^m BUpaseHÍlX'E HffBflBHn CBOe 

oooade h, no jiofíb crponrEBaro ceftpeiapfli nopy^n^i Hoiapiycy 
coCpaiB ^tajLBfiMmu cnpaBsi h npEciaib eiiy BanHcsy. KorxaoffE 
oooteuLEb sesi o ciy^HBnieMaiy ona npHsaAyiiajacb h p^mHjia, 

no JlSLfJBTh fíblO. 

Ofla BepHyuob vb CBOfi 6yxyapn^ h nocjuiia sa xe-Jit-rynom. 
OffB flBJiJca spacHiifi h CMyii^eHHui. MapsEsa tottoci npoiflnyja 
eiiy pyiy: 

— Heysen bii ynopcTByeien rowhj fio caasajiH napResy, 
r. AfliyaKb? — nporoBopua ona canHirB spoTBHMi, sancBiiBaio- 
npoaTOHOiii.— Heyxejui se na jnunHMca CBoepo Kpyn e coeIt- 
Hiia? HeBOBMoaKHO, uro&b bh moKii ocraBE je Eaci. 

Fojoeb ea xposum, npespacEue riasa cia^sa <>iyMaBEj[EC&. 
Afiryasb roiOB^ 6im ynaciB nepex^ nefi na kojiíhe e i^fciOBaiB 
ei HOTB. Ohi HeBOJiBHo HauoBEJicfl E noi^raajTE ea pyxy. 

OHa He pascepxEjacL. 

Ona (iojAe ^iirb y^oBjíerBopEJia ^^eiEma ÁHiyasa, ero ego. 

— liojKb Ms/b f^íah, ^ BOspasEJi ob%^ easoH^x, — sairb 
He ytifl, Korxa craHOBETCA acho, ^to bo mhí ^líbch ŮojAe ee ays- 
wntfl, Bor^a bi moeih coBtiairB oteocetce npespEiejiBHO? 

— CoBcbwí BifThj jH)6e8Hiitt r. AHiyasi. noBa^ bbbb biute 
nňcaOj bu emfi se EupasEJiE HEBasoro mhíhíEi a vh BaniExi 
m/kni!h f,iActBBieAhBO HysxaiOTCfl. Mh xynaeirBy MapBEdi e e, 
m BH nojymH HeB^psEiE cb^x^híe. GÓin^aeie jie b« mhí 
lesep^ BBy^HTB Boiipoc:B ocHOBaienHO? 

~ MapBEsa, — iipomenraitb ÁHryas^By onycxERs nasa: — a 
10UKO B sejaH) SETbi HT0(5n cjiyacETL beitb. 
Ofla npoxojijuua ewfi jacBOB^. 

— BasoRE 6u HE Óim pesyjiBTaTB, noBJbpBTe, a 6yxy Ójaro- 
xqoa; e^ bo bceboitb ciy^at, xiii cb iiapBE80ir& OTxaxEirE cnpa- 
iQliflBOcis BaHiefi npexaEHocTH HamBMi EHiepecairB. En^e oxho 

J^MŘŇS: HEBaBEXl 0<SuCHeHÍfl Ch MapBESOMl. IlyCTB, BaB'B rOBO- 

pra Bi^ najaii^ «ciy^afi 9ioti Óyxen npESHaffBsaBOHHeHHiiirB*. 

Giarofi MBHyru espjeab ÁHiyana na npexnpÍETÍe Kocho Esiri^ 
Hua, owh HeBoaBHO HaiaxB noAincBEsaTB apryiieHni vb ero nojBsy* 

Qh o&ierqeflHHMi cepxi^ErB ohi Bomej^B e9b xoMy e Hanpa- 
nca BB rae de Penthiévre. KaaoBo se 6umo ero yxERieme, 
■MXfty B(rfUfl Bi pocBonraTK) BBapTBpy Biojierru, owh Bacraji 
7WI seBEaBOiiaro eiiy, nosEJoro rocnoxEsa, oweb HeapacEBaro, 
■i a iaH&vaieoBHO npoBEi^aTejiBHiiME ^epnuME rjiasaicE* 



[Xjjíjg^'. ^: Digitized by Google 



260 noTHm ibpoui. 

Btojierra noffSfbMsa^ Kb Aaiyasy, noxjonua ero no mfiA^ 
noxujacB HA i^iiiio^KH, vto6h ABUb euy bosmoshoctb noq&irairB 
ee, H nporoBopHJia: 

— DosBOJbie MH^i m-r Amjhwh^ npexoniBHT& Baicb owm 
ciaparo h onesh zopomaro noero npifliejUi r. Kocmo. 

nesa OHH otfiiHHBajiHCB nouoHaMH, Bioierra paspawjacB 
cepeÓpHCTHMi cMŠxoirb. 

-^ Bavb BH nopaseHHl — BocuHKHyjia oBa, oÓpaiqaiCB xi 
Affiyany. — 9to cjj^bjccb? He líosere se bb SHan 9Toro roo 
noxxHa? 

— Mh% MMMetcMy—ínAHd^th AflTyaHiy cb Tpyxom npixoxi 
Bi oeiSxy <— 9T0 xan a nxorxa ne min «iecni ero BnxfcBy i 
xoe*^o o Hem cmaian. 

— Bti Cďiiiinajn o r. Bočmo, rxt, BorAa, on Boro? 

— £eiH fl se 0]iu6aK)CB, — ci jextfHOft b&buboctm) nporo- 
BopHXB cexperapB, — bu hhbto beoř laxi xseiiTXBiceBrBy njAxiejB 
r. Awnapecxa^ soTopaft híckojbbo xHeft Tony nasaxib bix&jci 
Ch MapKHBoft xo-Pompé. 

— 9to fl caMiiS) — Ch noKJOHOiTB OTB^^an Eocmo. 

— H TenepB a hmík) ^octb BcrpiriTB BacB sxi^^ — capu- 
CTHTOCKH nporoBopHJTB ÁHTyaHl. 

Biojerra sasaia eiiy porB co cjOBaMB: 

— Teme, ÁHryani) a Bce paBCxasy leót. F. Rocmo — fj^jn^ 
BOTopOHy fl bcími oÓflsaHa: sibhbk), HcxyccTBOinb, coctoohímb, 
ycnixoiťB, mo6e6\ GeroxHfl fl cb hhitb BcrpinjiacB na yjmb; 
ovB tftUTB lasB xo6pi, HTO sameji noroiKOBaTB co uBoft o cia^ai 
BpeMeeaxi; a eapo^HO saxepsajia ero, qrotfii BacB nosHaxmDRB. 

— Bioiena, — cb yásóšoft noxxBaTHJTB Kocmo, — SHavMiejBHO 
npeyBeiH^HBaerB ycjyra, xaRífl MHt yxajocB eft oxasan bi es 
paHHeft MoioxocTH, sorxa ci Heft caMsurB nasuMS (j6p$íon 
nocryiiBn oxxBi MOft poxcrBeHHHKB, Moft poxHoft Ópan, lenepB 
yMepmifl. 3to — ne^ajBHafl HcropuTi wiopyn wbA ho xotÍxocb 6a 
H BcnoMflHatB. — ^ToHi Rocmo Hun cej^teeirBi roiocB xposan. 
— He BHaK), xasoro poxa yqacríe bu npHHHMaere vh aioft kuA^ 
— npoxojsajTB OHIy — ho HaxÍK)CB) bh iBBHHHTe, ^iTO X samen 
Ha hIcxoxbxo MHHyn ysnaTB o&b ex sxopOBBi, pascnpocHTBi xaxoBO 
eft SHBercx? 

CnoxoftCTBie h xoctohhctbOi cb xaxHMx Bce 9to (kuo cxasaHO, 
npoBBBexH rxyóoxoe BneuTJiiHÍe na BnewTXHTexBHaro napHxaHxna; 

OHH paarOBOpHXHCB, o MapXHBi, o X^Jti* ÁHTyaHB XUl nOHXTB, 

iTO ero MHŠHÍe HM^iterB (SojiBinoft B^bn fb rxasaxi oC^naieiei 
orejx xe-Pompé, a qro ohb ne hm^otb esofi noxa oupex^ennaro 



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•iiiHeoBHf řiniÁFB. 251 

n^Mi)» Ha SHaiíeHHTHfi npcexn. Rocho BBepHyn eAcbojbbo 
jenm somuHiieHTOBi. ^epen ^aci AmyhWb BcnoMHUi, qro 
wnen sa Biojenoft, hto6h ompaBHTBCfl (KJ^xaTB eb Ilaie-PoflJLB, 
iiepex^B cnexTaiLieirB, h nperjiacHXB Rocmo pasx&nTb in Tpanesy. 
ABajp^aa^ MHHyn cnycra ohk cqx&ui bi otaíibeoms sadHHert y 
Beýypa, a lorAa BiojieTTa exb ocraBua, ijo6u ornpaBHTBea vb 
leaTpi, OHH CB HeoÓHBHOBeHHuiTB OK!fmeBjiemeu% o^eysxuH 
BemyD HxeK>. PasroBopi aaTAHyjicfl ryn ne xo nojnyno^H. XvrpHB 
snuBiHeQ> noHfljTB, TTO OToro ^ejiOB^sa ne noxsynHoiB hh aaipaMH, 
n ffiVbvtkUMj HH o&bmfiEUíUE BNXJonoraTB eay HrajitBaHCBift 
riN^CKift TBTyjii HJH aBctpiflcaift op^eai. Ho ohi^ HcaycHoS 
pyiol BOCHyjicfl cjia<So8 crpyns Anryanai ero 9roH8Ma, ero cano- 
yBÍp6HH0CTH, evoj&bn^msíy tto owh—Ymecb oeiieficTBa P(mipé. 
PascrajHCB ohh ohorb xOBonHne xpyn xpyroirB. 

— Obtb Mofl, — roBopHjfB ee&b Kooio: — aowa jfbio yjajuraca, 
1 noxapD Bk)jierr& caifoe BaiHBOjAnHoe ^pHiBflBroBoe osepejiBe, 
lasoe TOJUBO nafl^y* 

— Jl^,— pascysxui AHTyaH'B, BOSBpantaiíCB xoMoft, — MapBHBa 
spiBa. He yxHBifliocB, qio oh'b npoH3BexB na nee BneHaTAime, 
xoTs, xjJiHycB K)nHTepoM%) owh crpamno fjpewh. Rasercfly mh'& 
yjiaiocB hsvíhhtb ero mvisiKh na HiícoTopiie nyHaru. He lerao 
onpoBepraTB ero apryMeHm. EjianB ero o^ohb CM^aiift, ho yxHBB* 
leiBBo yMHuti ycjioBÍfl x^nesnaro pHHKa exy 6jiaronpiflTCTByH>rBy 
xBpEHsa p&HHiaeBy san^irB se mhí bc^itb bitb hpothbopítotb? 

BosBpaTflCB Kh tetífby owh sacra^i sanHCBy on MapaHsa, bo- 
Topní npocHjTB ero sbAth B!B neMy sBBrpa no yrpy, TorqairB necjii^ 
Wuaxa y senu. 

MapBHsy ovB sacrajii bi orjiBqH^SineirB pacnojiosenÍH xyxa, 
OBa noiy^Hjia h^boubo fiiaronpiflTHEiTB otbítobi otb xpyseS, 
BOiopairB yace nBcajia o BOJiHBOiťB npoeBri. Anryani pascBasajTB 
eC o cBoeft Bcrpšqi cb Kocmo, h Ha Bonpoci es: yxOBJíeTBopBJLH ra 
ero oGBBCHeHia Rocmo? — otbÍthjtb: 

OffB Tflsejio nepeBeai xyxi. ^a, PyÓBBOHi nepefixeni* Oicry- 
BBTB doňe HeiBBfl. Ohi, HeosExanno assl caxoro ceóa, BocBa- 
8UCI RB nojBsy npoeBTa. Poboboo cjobo 6iijio npoHSHeceHo. 

MapBHsa cxBaTHJta ero pyay, ropa^o nosaia h nporoBopHJia: 

— EaKB fl paxa! 

neroiTB BcrajDLa, bca xposa, sBaptija jihi^o njaTBOiTB, nepenua 
lepcn Bcx> BOHHaiy bb CBoeiiy prie-DieUi ^pocHJiacB na bojtIhh 
v yTBHyjacB jfli^0M'B FB HoxyniBy... 

BiixHHft H B8B0JiH0BaHH£[ft HpexcTajB ÁHTyaHB Hopex^ Map- 



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252 BWCBSWb IBPQIBL 

BH80HI, Bi ero cauBHi. OxapHKi Bcxptoij'B ero Becejo^ nojy-isBE- 
HHJicA B:b CBoett B^epauiHeft BcuumiA h ciaA npocHTB AHiyana y($i- 
AHTB naprasy Be yBjfesaTBca 9tuu% vjíjmnwb xpeciOBiiHi noxoxoia. 
Boo6mfi owh BucBasHBajii bsejhau, Koiopue HecsasaHHO otfpuo- 
Baju (Sil ceBpexapfl cyxKaMB paei^ine. TenepB owb cb ysacoicB cjy- 
maii ero. 

— Ho,-— nponieiiTajii owb HaaoHei^i. 

— Ho HTO? 

— ň cefl^aci OTi MapaBdH, ona eo^e npesxe apiiKasajia mbí 
noBHxaTB BToro r. Eocmo... 

— Hy? 

— S, mjkin^ ero, ocHOBaiejtBHo o6cyAHXb cb hhmi^ ero niaoB... 
— > H HamjiH ero coBepmeHHO Heocyn^ecráHiraMi? 

— HanpoTHKb, ero aoboxh npoHSBejiH na Hera 6jIa^0Dpifl^ 
Hoe BneiaxjiitHie? 

— Tonnerrel— BOcsjíBBHyjcB HapBHVb, h KpoBaxB laicB b sa- 
xoABJía on ero BOHByaBciS, — neyaaejiH BecB aom^b come^i cb yiia? 
H Bil, ÁHiyaffB, nepeAaiBCB Bpary! %o 8to BHauxi? 

— Yhipau) BacB, HapBHSi... 

— Hn^ero csymaib ne xo^y. B^epa bbi pimHxeiBHO 6aii 
npoTHB% BToro luana, ceroxHA OTKasiiBaerecB orB CBoero mbíhúi; 

%T0 8T0 SHa^HTB? 

— Ssa^HrB, HTO fl omflfica, kb newb OTRpoBeeno h cosHavcB. 

— GrpaHHoe ero o6pajneHÍe^ ÁHiyani,— cb jjiu6koŘ nporo- 
BopHJ^B crapHBi. — S, csasy HoncBHBopy,, hto ohi He ffiisevh 
Bi BacB oT^aflBaTBCfl. Ho eu ne BSM^HHTe CBoero ubíbísl 6erb 
ocHOBaiaiBHiixi Ha to npH^HHi. ByAB no BameMy. Si OT^ax) 8to 
X^xo B% BaniH pyBB; ho noMHHxe, umo ua eaa oice easÁOMio u 
ecío omethrncmeeuHOcmt aa nocAfhdcmew. 

ďpKO CBtiHxo oceHHee coxHi^e. HeMHOiie npeACiaBHTeiH high- 
life, ocraBaBffliecfl bi Hapesi nepe^B 0Ti»Í8A0irB vb cboh saicKE 
BXH Ha 6eperB CpexflBeiiHaro Mopa, BaxaxHCB no ByxoHCSoiiy licj 
H ExHceScRHiTB noxAiTB. ÁHTyaHi mexi no nanpittxeHiB) vh Are 
de Triomphe, b!b CHJiBHOirB pa3Ayiu»^« Ciysi xomaxHHiirB EomiTi 
H rpoMBÍS roxocB MOxoAoro ^ejioBi^Ba saciaBHXH ero noAHXTB ro* 
JOBy. Oh'b ysHajiQ^ 6apoHa E^yiia, o^hofo hbi npexcxaBBrejei 
BOxoTofi MoxoAejBH, o^erojEfl H 6oram, mh ne MŽmaxo eny, oahbbo, 

OTJIHHHO BeCTH CBOH ACHeSHilB K^JLO, H XH9H0 npOBOAUTB BCflBÍfl 

cjosHiix ^HHaHCOBHfl BOMÓHHai^iH. HocjšxHee (5iijo y neio n 
BpoBs: AÍA'B 6apoHa Óuxi 6aHRHpi. Bi Hacroan^yK) MHHyry (íBigúSh 
CHA%ji'B B% BiícoBoiťB aHFjiificBOMi xorB-BapTÍ, sanpflseHBOMi 
napoS BexHBOji']&nH£ixi pusHxi xomaxefi, BOxopiíMH CBWh npaBHJTB. 



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•iTHAHCOBSt PHI^APB. 253 

Ha saxHeMi cha^hb^ nonin^ajcfl ero MajeHE.Bift rpyni, co cspe- 
iqeHHHMH Ha rpyxH pyRaiiH, ojHi^erBOpeHÍe ROMHqecKOft cepbfis- 
BOCTH. TyajerL tfapona 6ují'h tfesyBOpHSHeHi. naerajioHii na Hem 
ceroxHji 6iuH TeMHO-iaBaHXOBaro i^B^xa, cjo^vh ciparo, neonpe- 
xiieHHaro <mÍHBa. IQjiflna, co(ÍkrrBeBHara hso^p^hís, tfnjia 
Heo(^HOBeHHO BuooBafl, d xoBOAHO mopoBEMH, sarHyTfiíMH BBepxy 

nOJflMH. 

— BoiETepBflHeiix, HeroxHfi, noAn-sa ciaxa, npoBa^ no Ey- 
jOHCBOMy Ji^. Gua yse npoixaja. 

— ^TO»i, B03HHB;a,— OTBiiajii AHryasTB,— a He 0TBa8iiBaK)CB 
on npe^aoseHÍfl, xota o^chb xoBOjeei cotfcTBeHHUMH JomaxBME, 
BoiopBfl cjysaTi mh% xbpomo h croarB ne xoporo. 

— Bh roTOBH? ijsfiwh. Moft MHJuft AHTyaH^B, fl o^eHB pax^ 

— Bu seiaexe 6bitb npexciaBJíeHHiiBťB xoMy-HH6yxB vh Opéra- 
Bouffe? — cnpocMx Amyam, yjiHÓaflCB. 

— Birhj B^rB, A^o BxerB o XByx'B cepBfisHsm Bonpocaxi. 
BooÓpasHTe, xoporott xe^ja-FyirB, hto b xecsTB xneft Anty JomaxB 
1 ee Mory HafiiB. 

— Sapristi, HTO OTO BHaíHTB? Bh ne croáte sa iííhoí? 

— HflCKOJBBO.^ BHXBTe BU 9Tfl naHTaJOHH? 

— BoHMHO, OHH noiTfl naxHyTB jiaBaHxoft. 

— KoH<ieHo! BH Ha bíbb nory^BJH hx'b bi uwxh rjiasaxx; 
m npaBH, a cairB cjHmy Banax^B. He no^xaiB jlb xomoS nepe- 
oiferwi? 

— Htt 8a wto. ^ffiwh vh ByjiOHCBÍft jťicB. ?T0se jomaxB? 

— AxB, TenepB Bce paBHo. 

— Onero menept? 

— BBXBTe-jH, saTpyxHeeie coctobjio bi to^b, htoÓh HafixE 

MŘmCb nOffB I^B^TB 9TflXl naHTaJOH'B. dlO 6UM nOlOSHTeJIBHO 

BeBOBMOSHO. SI 6ui% Besxt, bbx^b cothh npeBpacHHxi jiomaxefl, 
M QXHa se noxxoxHjra. Ho bh^ xBajia He($ecairB, paspinrajH npo* 
liMrf. EcjH a OTBasycB otb BeBiipasHMBix^B, y Měna JomaxB vh 

~ SEenBThj BTOTB Bonpoci uoBOHHeffB. MoBtHO ysnatB, sasoe 
mpoe BasHoe xí^o? 

— ^a, BCtaTH, ve snaere m bbí ^ero*Hfl6yxB o H^Roeni rocno- 
ml Koevo? 

^^ SoHenO) fl He xajio* 

*^ AW» ei— a? 

~ fpjn — HirB. Ona Bflxi^a ero, Baaerca, Bcero oxhht> pas-B. 



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254 B^ormsib upouh. 

Ohi— AapOBUTufi qejiOBixi, dHiysiacrE, e& rpoiiaxHiiM'B saiíiicjiom 
Bi HHTepecui» BaiojmecTBa. Ona saHHrepecoBaBa. 

— yBieiercfl ohe wmn saiiHCJOiii? 

— JI AyM&H)y— ocTOjKMUO otb^^hui eesperapB. 

— ?T0 BH o HeM!B ^yMaeié?— HeosExaHHo cnpocHJTb 6apora, 
CMorpa CBOHMH npoHBi^aTejBmiMH rjasaiifl npaMO bi rj[a8a jteja- 
Tyna. 

— & emfi ne pimHJi'B osoHWxejBHO. MapBHSi h MapxHsa 
nopy^HiiH mhí HBy^HTb ero. 

— H OHH ůyfyvh x6ficTB0BaT^ he ocHOBaeiH Bamero saBjno- 
HeHÍfl? 

— & xyMaH). 

— r. AHTyaffB,— TopaBecTBeHDO CBaB%KB ífígowhj — íí Henpi- 
HfliifB 6u na ce6fl Bamefi OTBŠTCTBeHHOciH sa Aecan joujdohobi 
ÝpaHBOffi^i ^HcniKH AeHLraMH. 

— Ornero, AoporoS CapoHi? 

— noxoMy HTO ^ecTB H c^iaczLe ceicefiCTBa xe-Posípé btb Bannirb 
pysax^B— ei3 ^eciB h m c^acxBe. HaMi cb BaicH Ha^o nosaiB j^yn 
Apyra. JI BHA^ai JI^ioMapecBa. ÚoioseHÍe x^i mhí bsb^bo. 
KocMO CHJiBHO BSBOiHOBan iiapBHBy. EciH sa HHiTB THtaTejiBHO ne 
Ha6iH)xaTB, owb uoxbvl BOBjie% ee, h Bce natoAfluoeca ncwB ea 
BJiiaHieMi, Bi cípamflyH) Baiacrpo^y. Bh oabh^b eo^e nosate aroiiy 
noM<bmai^ ycryns bu... 

— 3x0 ^asTQ^ coBepniHBiniĚai, — BOCUHSHyjL^ ÁHryasnb. 

— Jacta est alea! Torxa ocraercfl oxho: bei, JtfoutLpecKh h a 
jkOJiXBu o(5pa80BaTi» bbi cefia h^^to bi poffi Héo^i^HitiaxBBaro 
KOMumema oún^meennoů óesonacnoomu, iix)6% nonimarB Hamet 

MapBHSi CJIHinKOirB BAETBCfl Vh 8T0 ff£lO. Bdfe MH ^eCTHHe JUKWd— 

MU He Mosem aanoAOBpH!^ ^hctotu noCysxeHÍtt xpyn Wyi^* IIohi- 
Maere m bh neHa, ÁHiyani? SL oÓpan^aiocB s^b ^eňovbzjj soiopoiiy 
AOB^pai), soToparo yBasaio. Emh bh OffiÚpnn eron npoesrB, x 
SBaiOí 9T0 Bu HCBpeHHe c^HTaere ero xopomiurB ci ^HHaHCOBOfi h 
HpaBCTBeHfloĚ ToiKH Bp^HÚi. YCifjsxe Mana bi btoitb h a npi- 

COeAHHIOCB B'B BaiTB CO BC^Ml MOHM^B C0CT0flHÍeMl H Ch T&MH X&iO" 

BHMH cnoco6HOGTfliiH, BaBBMH oóiaxax), (TB t6m'b, ito6h otfesne- 
^BTB 9T0My x&iy 6jiecTfliiiií ýcnirB, paj^a e^. 

Obtb C0AHO yxapHiTB no Jiomaxam a sanoJiHajrB* 

— Bh coBepmeHHO npaBH fb CBoeirB upexnojiosemH^ (S^[KiErB)— 
Kex^eHHO H pimHTejiBHo OTB^qan ÁHiyasi:— a fotobib iqiBHecTH 
BcaxyH) sepTBy, hw&l orpaxHTB Mapansy orBKasofiÓii tohk^6hjio 
onacHOcis* 

— Otjotho,— p^mnai (SapoHi. 



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«iiAHCOBHt imnin. 256 

— Hmo BaiťB noCnBaTB y neu, odiflCHBTB uw/b Bce xíjio; 
TOiw MU npflMeirb cboh MŠpu. Bon h Kapuisa ea cbohxi xopo- 
oeHBBizi noH0. HaAO ee xonan h pacuaniTbeji ci nes). Bose, 
lan OHa BejHKOjrtnHa! RaKB, no Bameiiy, 8to naibio xjmne — ^pas- 
oeniyToe na nepByio nyroBBoy hah aa BTOpyx)? 



V. 

EocMO nycnui vh xo^i Bcfc npysHHS aja ycotu esoero 
X&uu Bi rpaHAi-Oreji oai ($iu% cjhuiboiii na Bojiy, a noroicy 
o^eixan Brb oieu BeencKuerepi. Faseru y«e no^yiiJiH ((oraioe 
xIjo. Hmaui Ha Óoji^moe saiojHKO-KpeAitTfloe oCntecieo yxe 
DooAacB HacioiÓAan Barbier de Seville, vh ot^íjí, osarjiaB- 
leHBOirE Babillages, sa noxiniCBiD Fus-Fos. Oxaa ba saiifaos^ 
(ua osarjaBMHa: SamoAut^uam ez oMu/wm. Oi nepBaro BarjsAa 
nasBO 6iuo noxyMaTB, ifo oea oraociica s^ npoeEry BpmEqecu;, 
TO OHa 6Hja tan HCigrcBO oocraBiefla^ iio ^Htaren Biuoeaií hbi 
Bet jé&Meaie, hto a^o rpovaAHoe, cepbfisHoe h jesAi% o6e6neqeB%. 

^oh nujCB BeKwy. To paBroBapasarb na Óapsi ch Mas^e- 
ptm, TO yrOAan sanrpaBom vh rpaHxi-Orej^ UMJVLirERÓyxb 
cBom eoÓpttriS, to noAHBMajiOB no MpaMopHott MicmiAVÍk Argent 
Gomptant, ornpaBjaacB na CBBAUie ch napsneoirB AoAfin^ n rpa- 
4n» Pobobo, XByjifl oneHB HeiBepAiiMB orojnaiiH Moro Hory- 
qmBeHBaro ^^BHancoBaro sabsíb. 06a btb rocaoxBHa oůimiáM 
6m ABpeBTopaMB. MapsBn fifiAevbj erapul vivenr, Óoumot, 
iQtKBd, rpy<$iifi, BMin HenpiflTflocni ch Jenny bbi^ VariétéSi TaB'B 
nn ttxyious orpaHBiiHTB ei aoxoai^ BeaHaqareJibBoS ao cmíhi- 

BMO eyVMOft WCBTB THCl^^b ^^paHBOBl Bl H^&ll. MapBBBl BB- 

xcwm, 11T0 He CTOBTi sBTi^ 008% Joiinyi sopemeaBsofi sbboS 
(^praezBB, BOTopaa safiaBJuua ero cbobmh peteveeBBiiB BiOcoABaiiB, 
v npexciaBjflja acBBott BosTpacn n ero cynpyroB, xojioaboS, bh- 

C0B8Í, Be OWHB SpaCBBOft, BO yTOHieBBOB B yMBOft BOpMaBABOfi. 

MueBLBas Jenny, aoTopyio Bcaymajrb pyocidtt bbjibb, oO^bbbjui 
APNBBy yjunuiaTyM^ b tšmi bo^tb aobou ero ao OT^aasifl. Osa 
HNiBua, 9T0 6pocBTi ero, ecjB oh!b ne yABOBrb BasflaqeflHoft eB 
cjUBSu Bi 817-T0 xpBTB9ecBy» MBHyry bbbjcb aa ci^eHy 9eB%, 
xopoBio b8b&:tbiiě MapBBsy; hohbtho, no npeAMsesie Bocho 
QOitisaiocb uMjAKBfíuy AftpoHib cb neOa. Obi yzBaTBiea sa nero 
I) noii»3yBci» CBOBMi KiiflBieM^B Ba rpai|a Porobo, BijiHya^s b ero. 
Boo6n^ npaBJíeBie Argent Comptant crouo sa BBx^peciit Kocmo. 
Cpexi 6aBKBpoBi ne 6es^ ycn'bxa bojb npenarasAy A6flpaM'B b £^. 



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256 iMTim OřoiiB. 

Ho 6un eusfi ^eáOBisi, soropsnii Heo6zoxiiio 6umo sapy- 
YiT&cfl. 9to ÓuA^h BHaneHiiTiifl ^iHaHXBei OXHV& Hn camiTB 6ora- 
THr&i camixi CMiuHn cneByjAiopon, sorxa*jH6o HrpaBnnirB 
pojB Ba ^^aecoBoB co^eHi Ilapesa. 

Oh'b xetfKnupoBan fe stobh b% KaiecrBib KOJKSacHHBa, a 8a- 
BOHiHJii ee vb BejiBBOjAiiHoirb (nejA vh Pare Monceanx. T'6mi^ 
He MBE^e OHI saHBMaji orpoMHoe mícto vh napiscBOirB j^iHan- 

COBOITE MÍp6. fljblbUUy 6iipseBHBV, aBTpHCH, BCO H BCfl IIOSlOHfl- 

jocb dTOMy TOicraBy. EepeH, saTOjnncH, nporecTaHTii h aTeHcni 
oxBHasoBO npeuoMJVCfc nepexi Hurs. QoMBHHa aaiqfi napes- 
CMMn BOBHO-sejteHHTE xopoPB opEHaMesaia ony, nxi% se mkl 
WTBepraa lacn BOXonpoBOXHiixi; oh^ mtbxh cepBesHoe yttcrie 
BO BCflsoiii najo-MaiBcra cojhxhomi x'6jr]b. IIonyjupHocTB ero 
(hiJia nouTHa: npi TaxHxi orpoMHux^B x'&iax'& Jlasapfc h R^ Oesiipe- 
craBHo nox^vpajH spoxB co croia ((oraná. A6paraii*B Á^tepaMi 
otiMBBZL RocKO, ^To y^icrie ^BHaHXBe ocodeHHO xoporo xai ho- 
Baro f/bjoij ho npkX^ptcTH ero Bpatne ipyxHO. Bi cyn^roas ecn 
OXHOTOJBBO cpexcTBo— ÓBBnrift B0j6acHBBi sasxen tfiiTB ue- 
HoiTE moBe8*Bjqr({a: ion, bto orapoerB eiiy xBepH etoro csant- 
jmm^j rxft ony yse hícboibbo pasi oTBasBBajiH bs npíeMÍb, cra- 
saen npaBO na ero Bt^nyB) opasBaieABOCTE. Roevo xan ceM 
CJOBO BoenoASOBaTBCB BTBiTb yBasaHíem. B& totb se xohb obb 
a ^KmapecBOirb (duH y MapsBBti xe-Pompé, vb dyfjnpb Botopol 
BpoMft ei xysa BacraiH 6apoHa Hjyiia h ÁHiyana. Ha sron 
pasi o0ucHeHÍB nposeBrepa 6yjiB cxepsBHffie, cnoBotsie. Oaa 
xamajn caMoyBipeHHocnB); XHorofBCJieHrae cok)bhbbb, Boropoxi 
OHI f yBCTBOBan y ce<Sfl sa cmHoft, npsxaBaiB eiiy anioiitfa. 
Mapnsa eiflja. Bapofli Hjyin npexiosBái Rocmo BiK^an m^ 
Bflsa x^Pompé npexc^xfttejiem opaBieHiBi npBteBBBFB, ^ro wk 
raaoKE esynů^ n ofii cam npexiosan óómficnj cboh yciyrv. 
HTUBflBeqs c% BocroproM% yzBatuca sa bto npex^oseBíe. Sanun 
p&% fl o ^BHaBx&e. 

— Besi lOJicraro JI^BiiaHXJbe He oÓolncB, — p^nnirB (SapoBS, 
— TOUBO BBBi^ ero npio(^HkTB-TO? 

— ToBopm, ero AxBuecoBa naia— seiaaie Honacn b^ %Mmu 
soBeft-Bjy(Sa,— BBepHyn Rocmo. 

— Xa, za, xa,*-pa8pa8BJCfl MapBB8S:-HSap0Hi, Bon wm cjy* 
Mft oeófl noBasan; ne noseie xh bu bio ycrpoHn? 

— Off& noJiosBTeiBHO HOBOSMOseBi, — BHepnrieeKB BasBOjn 
EjtyiTB. 

— Ho ra n<mufnaemec%? — capoimM vapBBBa, 0pocHBib aa 
MOJoxoro lejioviBa BHaiieHaTeAHBft bbtibx^ 



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«lHiIOaBSt FH^iFfc. 257 

— EciBBttffBdToro yroxHO, a (íyjíyoTOHBCTOCTJuiBTb,— cb no- 

— SSraan oas?— cnpocua iiapKHBa. 

MepTBoe MonaHíe Óhjio efi at^btowhy MysuHH neperjiflHy- 
a(i&« ^e-JH^ryiFb nocnfaHurb ha Biipyny. 

, — 3bwm>^ too y Hero ecBb w», — cbimuii oh%I— -Kasercff, 
oia exiHciBeHHoe cyn^eczBO b!b Mipj^, voiopoe orb jiK)($Hn. Ona 
(SyierB ero HaciixHHipi. ToBapaii, owh oOibuha, ^io Bujiacrs ee 

TOJDOO Sa BESSfl. 

— 3a BairaMpa!— BOCBjnRHyjTB ÓapoKb; obe Ch iiapBBaoft 
3icifÍ0jne^^np^Kxarai> b$m% Moero npifliua kham AprycaEaji- 
iiH^, Wp6v(A r. AHTyaH&. Mh£^ sa iomioccík), toubo mu- 



— Ho (ma cjrtnafly-^oaaan ÁHryaBi. 

— BooMl^BOGftiHUíyia iiapBHda roiocom, oaiHHirB coerpa* 
Audii^xasoe neciaeviei BixHai jsíbBjmjud C/bffiai orei^! 

Bcš iqMnnxjni. 

^^ A roiciiiĚ ^EHamLe juoÓkte cbok> cjtinyH) ;^>uy?— cnpo- 
cua MaiHffisa. 

— Otkwaen,— CBasajRB AnTyani.— Ohi ospysHjrB ee poc* 
swwi xu% eft 6jieeiflii|ee otipasoBanie. Ofla osihhho srpaeis na 
tp^ť H Ha ^pienuHO) npespacno sHaen ebíish. roBopATB, iro 
on oieHB penrioBBa h sejiajia ^ BciynHTB b% iiOHacmpB, ho 
ciipdl f^jĚBMBM^e o(Ji 8T0ieb H ojraniaTb ho xo^en. rposHTCfl no- 
loivm e!B oo((oiD, ecni ona 6yxerE o6:b miowb roBopsTB^ MAHercfl, 
vo OBa miŘM,mb BBMywh h Bulxerb sa BHata. 

-^ fi^XHHt Baimapi, iio ohi 6yAei% x&iarB ci xaKoft senoĚt 

— Bu laKB 6yxT0 jB^peen vb coriacm ciApHBa JíflMHMjsibe? 
-yjBÓattE cnpocHja HajMiEsa. 

~ I^puBaeaiH se bu mh£ ot&iaTB sto lyxoBHnie uoboitb 
aoiel*uy(Sa^ fl np^pioieái 6ii nepejiexiTB CpexHseiiHoe Mope 
n BOi^yHuom mapA. Ho bi BaveciBi ^y^n^aro Tecra sheba 
Bianapa, oh!b aaBipHoe 6ujrh 6u np^Han. 9to ao MeHflý to a 
nnK) 8Ton ÓpasB pftmeHHHicB... amfe BairaBapa sanao^enH. 
fl aooinpA KB soBeĚ*uy(Sft) no .ll^HHaHXBe— ero TeciB. 9to 
MBB ynaa BOH<(HH«D(ia. 

— MacTepcsas,— csasaji AH)MapecBiy Roiopiift caymajrB co 
ivnttHíeirB.-^Ho, «io eciE m-lle ^EBtaHABe OTsaoHErB aiy ^ecxB? 

— Ho pasB^ ne naneHBsa pacnoaaraerB ea yiaciBio?— boc- 
noBjn tfapoHi. 

^'(A-Qieu xopraiaro MH^HÍa o EHasi,— exasajia napREsa, 
iBy Toenwa, sHorAa nosBOifloie ee6% caHOiBoii^ CBo6ojífio oř- 

Toa r.«-GcimBf&, 1882. 17 



•rv'!^* 



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268 BMTiui ummu 

siiBaxbOH o MMich. Moe iio6otiHTCfBO B09tfyaM«ro oiUBCun r. Ah- 
Tyana otíi axot MOiOAOtt ooo(Jt; nodcorpK), BejifcSfl ie ch Heft wh 
BHaBOKHTbCfl. IIpexoGraBiim r-ay Eocmo Becra neperose^ c% Jífí- 
HaHXBe, He BnyiuBU CK)xa uoiwoi x^yímur. 

— Tucny pa^b npoiiy isbhhhtb uma^ — nraajuKai tífpon. 
— JI oÓnapyjCHJťB jienouHCjne h éescep^eHÍe; ne cň/jioh mytsoh 
vAKh HecHacdeicb. 

Tim pasroBopi h lOBiuca b& Bemoiqr oropieHÍM> Komo, 
soTopoMy o^eHB noHpaBuacB mhcjib éapona. Bi zmoctA ífjUfíSL' 
ooBaro pui^pa wh ne crfecHOJiCfl n BHÓopi opysix. 

Rasxoe yxpo, xo naiaia CBoero xftjioBoro xua, voieim A^ 
Eíome THxo ciyuxcji b% ffei^ 6yxyapa G6chjb, cbMA cjWi 
XoiepH. B'B (/£BÍÍ3frb pasxaBajracB cjiosa: entrez, papá; THxifi h Mfot- 
Bilt rojioc^ ^BymRH HaiioiiiiHajr& BopiOBaHie lojiy^. Ona ony- 
cKajia fOJOBy Ha miposyi) rpyx^ oiqa, on i^J^Ban ee n oSk 
n^euH, ca^Hiefl Boart nea h Óoiran c% md o& noumea. J»- 
60BB vh AOHepa 6uM exHHCTBeHHHiťb ¥Hcruiťb vfwssma B&xymi 
Bioro HejiOB&ca; owh Boerxa ^lúi ch mv> tpamwb h jiaeisoBi, 
Tas^B ?T0 8Ta xopomeHbBafly HSflnpaa x^Bymaa, Baycii ■ vyBcraa 
BOfopoft npeKcmBUjni itOiiHiiímft lOHrpacn c% wycaMB h qyB- 
(STBaMH caMoro ^Hamte, nHiaia kb Heiqr riyéottSiiiyM Jipm- 
saHHOCiB. MaiepK y Hea se 6uso, xon ona (Siua auaa. JH^umsw^ 
pasciaica cb sohok) yse wícmmoo j&tb Tony Hasaffiu Gecau 
HBKOTXft ooo6eHHO He JK)60ja xazepi, onHei oxaoft cuaaia #bi 
ropBBÍe ynpesH rb CBoeft ejňa&Ai oTeqi, juo6obbh) h nonenniiiiH, 
8aMÍHHi!B ee Bnojoril. BocnoraHie Aoveps ohi nopynuB ecofil 
xopomeft ^[^aMHJiiHy ornno oÓpagraaHHOfti pejHrioanoi. Chiaifoua 
ysojiHOMOTeHa npepjamaiB lyunsTB npenoxaBaieiei M bcIitb 
OTpacjfflTB HayB^B h HCByccTBi. Ynea 6iuh xbí xoflOAiia hmoq- 
Hnpi, ohš cjysHJH OecHA somaHBOHsittfE h ceqmmpaiQi. OieiCB 
flCHOíHui BCflsyK) ea npHZOTB* Ona oJiHaaiXH BH^asKia sajasifi 
ciHHiaTB AjiBÓaHHi Borropaa níbia kb JIohxohí; AatfaiH aasjui- 
nijiH xBamaTB-nflTB thchto ^paHiOKB, ona iipiízatt fb OaposB 
SB BOcapeoeHBe h n&ia kul m-lle Jf,wiaHXBe» 

GnycTfl HÍCBOJiBKO jDBLeA hocjA BiopHuaro noaueflía Bmmd y 
7-SH xe-Pompéi ^HHanxBe, Bofixa vh xoupa, npnfiícnioBai^B ee 
en^e rmjáe otiuHHOBeHHaro: 

— SxpaBCTByft, MHJUui CecHn; xopomo mm cnaia? 
rojHMTB ero cieraa xfomMn. 

Ona dTo ToraacB sairi^niJia. 

— ?T0 e^B To6oft, Hana? GijrtHiocB mhWĚŘyfib npiatBoe? Ttf 
ceroxHH Bi fyj/b. Ohatb KMoe-nÓyxB yxawoe xi^m? 



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•muMK»id fms^h. 259 

~ Moserb tfiir^-^cuiian oHi^^^-ecAM w co mbod covur 

pMjrmN Qib X9WI xoMJbHO am;rb> hto xh c^ieuHKb. 

pjiDl, ny^TJMPa w pocRovarae, iwATio-MHnMíOBHe bo40cH) 
picnjqeHHHe no ueqaiťb i ufocm CMBi^gree Ha aarajB& rMy- 
(U jeHToft. npeiecTHO ciiiiaiitt nraumpi m <%Mro BftmaiHpa 
d jiwiioMft. dvdMuKoB, oiyrawucb au voHiuft oish-b, 

— OmVh Mí» coi9K>wiiie9'-*-OMMx» oq^.-^Tu y Meu b^(m> 

MtomA liunr BtBfti%« 

— 3uiD» wu>i a cmj^m^h^fmmhj Geeubi lee eEMumroa 
cai4te X cxap^— €$xďtoi^ Toacrften o» um/atm weirb, no* 
x«pa ^w m nmhTmpmy aa«» (^b&io. Ohsi mMosen Bimo shtb. 

Qm €zwi3ua ero sa pyicy. 

— Th ho 6ojeBi^j nana? Hn^iero ne cjiyujoc$? 

— SftOfiWMOHeM,— wqiftiLMa Au9&>J(m.~Ho, Ceeub, oio 
WHM^TiiXUSMaxaim. A wjsen^ WAymifc o iboíí 6y^nw>- 
Gii| xnsi. Tu Biyoe xtna Nomive* 9io ei Totfoi 6srw»i Kor^a 
WH ne enwen? 

~ Bb g cQwqpmeBiio jeaMJiiisai na«ia« Uwb ihwio ne saxo. 
fimfo ToGnoxy yrouno <í«i«io iBar^ laBiSfli mi ociautt <h pejvris« 
í I Torxa Mory 6eitb cnaciJOBa, eQMia Boqr n MOueB la nad. 

fia iMMUc^ TaaeMia wuepByjiMtíh umu. Bamenie lexaBajio 
^ BsroBopniB cjOBa. 

~ Th on^^69ib, (ntK^f th ua^enia? 

— Hin, — caasan om, noxasAra BOJiQiaia.-*TH-<-a»»Ji%, 
GiKaii; mi roiMaí tbm Aoépinft Meaa ;TporaiorB. & ne nory 
<4nnii^i mat» m FOBopaniB laaii jenm. Tu^—uw ^t^sagarnsM 
Biflesxa Bi BTOiťb Mípi, a th niarxa roBopantb co mox) Fb m* 
ma loni, 6yxT0 th Hexoiaii|tti--tfyxto orpaKEHiBci vh xpyrott 
Miyi.. Paaai a na cc^^ama xooiaBKii tí(% bco, irb MOserB «pa- 

cm ZBOH) aUBHL? 

-^ ^ xai orei^. ^ro msI nexodi^n? Pasvl yxonoiMTBia 
^e ÓKCb eob iofk)]o. 

— Hin, CecBiBy TéSb an«e Roe-^ofo H^xooraen. Yupsi th. 
Be sMyMfiiTb, a ne ocxaBjno xacrtxiHBOB^. Bce Moe rpoMaxHoe ikh 
nmno^amiiWB jqi w, wfjsh oso BexHio?Bfiaeni& jui, ffo mboiíb bo- 
Vm ropxBJnttb .6h hosmi xo^oxaiíB? Boe aio tforaverBo BOixen*— 
Hei8BÍcrH0 xyxa* 

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260 BMnm nKSu. 

— Ho, ntna, na weů oho hhí? 7 neu n»h mejmi norpeó- 
Hociefi. Bcero jy^me 6uxo 6u sastiniaTB ero i^episH* 

— I](epBBHl — MoauMMjrh ^raaHx&e, Toonyn Horot. — Hh- 
sor^a, Tpanrrb moi ffinvB na <)((^h, ito^b Ha nn% MMpkjtm 
nonH, xa aapxBHajB e eiiKaoiiH »udi qpexH apacrtapaineeKoft 
pocioniBy W MOHaenipH HanojHuucB... oh<& bo speiu ocahobucs. 

GeajB pBxaja, saipiivB jhív) pyaainii 

— FociioxH, Toenoxi, omyczB eiiyl 

— GecHJiB, GeeuB, nepecmb* PaxH 6ora--He opsniiai 
OToro Tam n cepxiQr. A nomynny npoen ciapna-tTqa. 

Ohi xot^'b BcraTb h no8BO&Hn, ho GeeuB oeraaoBHia ero. 

— Hšn,— caasaiaoHa.— OoxMwi* nomnpoBM — celtaa. 
9to Óhjio otohb rjyno ciMoett cropomi. TiÍB/b nwh 0iuo6muío« 
Th SHamBi orei^, no ecn Benui, ontocHienHO soiopan mu ho 
cxoxBMCi. Á yBfj^eea, tro tb ho xyiiaeaiB Boero, itó roBopnn. 

— dro 8fon a6(San Amipe, — cKBoebsydH iipofopmTai'B cfa- 
pHKib, — BÓHBaerb et n roJiOBy Tasiji bohvi. Vm i on nero jukb 

— GecHJBy-^CBaean oA Bcoyn: — 6y» (KiarofiByMHa. fl 
6q^ CBOH CJOM Ha8aj|%. Ho i ciop&fl ((porny cboh x^huv n 
Mope, H^iTE xaint mwb nioe HasBáveme. Ohh aoxshh Aoeranca 
nacji^AHHaain, KaiBiA^r, npejeciHoft x^bo«Í| MOOMy BHysy, iioet 
BBy^B^. PasBÁ HO npejieeiB muiftb pefenaa a rojqr<(iiHH riasiaiiB, 
soTopiift o<teHMan ůa ie(x py^eoiot sa mei), h cepe()picnim 
rojocsovB 8Ban: mamaiiy maman? 

€wBa mm npoHSBejiH iBiAoTHoe Bon^arjime. OBevn bbkox- 
Byaa H nosa^aJa roioBOft. 

— HpejiecTHoe 6yxyii(ee| oie^B. — Ho eny Hnorxa ro ocy- 
nteexBiTBCfl am nem. 

^ — OnerOi MMpaxocTBl*— BOcajnnmyjncTapHn.— -diocoBciin 
HO HOBOBifoiiHO. A 110, ecjHdH Bta HTpynua ceuB Huraajna «- 
seirBy BHiaKBofi? — Knaob Banasapi. 

— finasB Baitaiapi— san erpasHol 

— ?T0 TH xoiemB cusMB? TH cjHBiaja ofo aioto mojo- 
AOITB HeMoiAzHí 

— Heysejui th xovena ciasan, oreqi, iro b» Banni xhi 
cyn^ecTByerB KT0-Hfl((yxB, HocanoĚ EMa aiuiBa Bairasapa? 

— Gyn^ecxByen?— eiqe (te, xsMTiufeHi BHcmaro otin^ectBa— 
mem soseft-iuyte, Bucomfl, BjeraHnuift, apacase^B^ npHHBAie- 
auuiut vh OAHofl H8!B caiiHx% xpoBHixi ^HJÍt BrarpíH no onty, 
a no narepn n xpoBHiftmeMy XBopaBcr^ Ansy^ y aero vb tef&k 
— luia. Oriero th cnpaniHBaeniB: cyn^ecTByeTB áH okb? 



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•IBiHOC^Hl PfilUPB. 261 

— Taxi, roajocTB. Buffimh m uki-to mb bc$ TpH, moa rom- 
DtnoHBa MoHHBE, $j[opH6ejiB AsEHCE B fl npHiytfHBajiH: BaRiii 
iMefla MH BHÓpUH 611 ;(M HannirB Mysefi? YroBopi ÓiiJii B£i6h- 
pn m iipomftHHiix% sHan. 

— A, T»VB o mm Ben^an Boe^ase HHorxa noMiiiiuuuorBl— 
Mojuamyn mxanjJk ABBaaxM.— Hy? 

— He CMttei HBxo iiHoft, saxo ase HHorxa noxypa^flTBor. Y 
moá no^euj-TO ocianeB n naiurni erpo^ aHrjrificMro noaia 
Jbmda, BTB BOTopoft roBopHJtocB: 

— And did to death the proud prince Balthazar, 

1 1 By6pau 8T0 nu, mkb oieu pix^oe. Ecutii^ a 9Hajia^ hto. 
RO-Bidy]^ eio HOCHn, fli xoneifio, HBKorxa 611 n hom^b ne 
oeraaoBHjacB. 

— O, ja, ja, — Bonus AHHaHXBe^— OTiHTOo, npeicpacHo; c?acT- 
jnrttmee coBnaxeHÍel 

— BsxBUB} nanai MSh oaacHO ^HraiB cthxh. IlepecTaHeirB 
TOiKttan oOh dTir& nycraBarB. Mesxy ^mwh snaseirB Bajiiasa- 
pon ■ KBtík waoT//k ne 6yxen BH«iero o((ii^aro. 

— BaflpOTHBfB^ *- HacEftHBajrB jaJHHaHXBe. — 9to x^^ o^ohb 
cefiflBaoe, ob% — apocm noefi pyss. 

— Ilaiia! — BpoBB ((pocAiacB efi kb :ih]](o. 

— Jí^j Xft) noJiosnesHo. HonnnyeB Fajnomit, <iejioB&Bi cepBčs- 
BBi, ex&ran mhí mo npexioseme. 

— BaBot ysacB! (m% xase iceHii ne sHaerB. OffB, Boeewo, 
Be sHien, hto a citeafl? 

— Bce ssaerB. Osb xase Tetfa bhxí^jtb — b'b ByjiOHCBOirB Jibcj. 
OffB 8Haa!%, rso m aaren. 

— IlepeciaBBl — 01 noBaniTejiBHiiMi secroirB BOCBJHSHyjia Ce- 
CBiB.— Qb% TaBse BHaeEB, tto a (Soraia. fl Bce npeBpacHO aobh- 
lam. £en tu m^ui jao6umky oieuti, th MeHjr BSÓaBflniB ovh btoto 
yHBsemjL draqirxBte — nexu Měna. Bon mhš dmujiis CBa8ai'B, — 
(na rpavk)8HBiirB seeiOiTB BOiSBtyaacB cbohtb rias^B, — ^ro a ee 
npmaxxesy ce0&. MooerB Óbtb... ecjratirB...— na úi^ ea orpasH- 
MXh pavQmBe. 

— 9tos:b, Mxjuta, eaiH0!B?^ 

— HfeB^ 06^ 8T01CB H xy^^^ Hegera. 

— ByxB DO TBoeMy, GecHJiB. Oxhbbo mhí nopa 'fixaiB; b% 
(WHannaffB YBcoBi y nesa HasHa^éHo CBHxame* 

On BHx^JCB, HTO HacraBBaTB Óedno^erao, ho ecAUtki Gecvn 
Bmua exy iiÍBOTq>yx> naxesxy* 



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263 BMROin ramtB. 



VI. 

B% TO caMoe BpeMfl, sasi y Jf^aOíMjíf^ ci xo^m> npoKio- 
XhJis BTOTb cepBemif pasroBOp^ m asnajmuieHni (SapoHa IIiyMa 
BopBajicfl ero npifliejiB xhabí Bajmmpi Hy m Bimycuui bm pyn 
íbuiia H najTOB, npHHiijretf BajncEposaTB, bocumMui: 

— nodXpaBa MeHá, jnoóesmtt AxeBcaHxpB; saaem, ^rró cmj- 

HHJIOCB? 

— RoHeHHOy TU comejii ci yna. S. Bcerxa aroro osHxaai. 

— EÍTb. Hy^ eaie pasi nonuiatca! 

-^ npceepímHa Bsaxa iipiiB% Ba ste^le-tbase b^ Be|»nHi? 
-^ HimpcmiBi^, fl n»xyiMXh mterpaimy, 9t# ona cjiouam irh7, 
H ee npHmjiocb sacrp^jrarL. 

— TaRib X noJioflutejiBHO OTBaBdBanoeB. 

— fl seHB)CB, xpyacHo^e. 

— Jíjpsini, H TH He njmeniB? ňem>^ m cottOM ^ 3rHa. 
-- Ha ($orfraBA^--H lOHiift BeHrepei^B pascKasan nfnafeuro o 

npeAJioseHÍH, Mropoé e^y c^an raiMnik, o (^oevB cBiiffEmt 
ch ctaptioumx ^BHaHXBe bs MHTOpi irovtesHaro iNrtapiyca. Ha* 
sanyHi obi secTOBo npoflrpajici, a ifOTOiiy rbwh oxonofte flOMn 
Ba 8Ty cxiaKy. EapoB% pacsptm fpyvj r ja«a, xoKataBi eMy xaKi 
XBaftXKi-XBa ^empe^ ^rro bwh Wb m6u% jílbjA opyxie BBtpBrasoBi 
KocMO n Fajnoma, nepexajii nry Bécb pasroBopi, BpoBcicOXBBtirii 
B% ovejš xe^PoiBpé, cicasaM^ ^n> ttojoxaa ^ynma Baxoximfl 
BOA^ noBpoBHTencTBOMi MapBBBH, ^TO n^tth saoipe^aeťB eiy 
BCryflaTB n 6půlR% npt BaciOBn^tz* y^oBii^B b Bp. b np. Sbasb, 
csa^aia noropflqBBBiBCB, ewucfl Ba em xoBOAtt, B <$apOB% oropa^ 
BB:toji iTB Borapiycy, xtt cbbxabíb 0B ^BBaBX^, bi sa^ecrBi 
yBOjraollOYefifBaro trpisnejia. Eiry t^^hi xeme 6uM yMMrrB Bii* 
jiíoBepa B évo coB&tBBBa orsMniCB ťh yBas6BÍ6irB rb ^ijrBCTiaM 
BTo xpyra, iDMopsft Be kaiaji B6cBK>iB80BaTBCB BCBifoqBrejBBBBt 
BoJOseBieirB m-Ue ^iBiBABe, ^Ttí&h BctyBBTB c& Bew m dpm, 
B8i T^rB, Baiúe cotbbbb eaaexBentN) ycrpaÉBawTCfi bo $paín^i 
Tfíb pj^maionuft fojiocb npBsaxiesBTB poxBTeiBBi b BorapiyciBi) 
Tor^a Basi MOioxafl x^syniBa flBJfáércfl btb tnflk séprBH, b^oboI 
BasaBJíaBie, — tto b cobb OecBJíB, Basi ms bhx^a Bnrne, bcjhi- 
tflaTB o0*B aroiťB ae xori^a. Sárpy^Beste Mbbbbw n xpyrol cto- 
poBu. jH^EflaflABe^ ycniBudt bb HepBoe cBBXEBie ch cbobitb iSffj^ 
BKBiTB BBteite yd^xBTBCH, ?Ť0 A'&Jta eTO danytaBH, npnstífB evy 
250,000 4>p. no bate npoi^eBTOBB, cb ynjiátoft no ycBotpfoíiDi 
B pacrporannufi pui^apcBHHR lyBCTBaBB rbasa si AO^pa nenpe- 



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•UiHOQBHt raqifB. 268 

mIhio xoAn hui aaxB hxi (íapoHy ffsí nepewrai bhabx) Bu- 
WApy* Etpom, hohatho, OTBasKiBajtefl, CTapn'B saynpmiHJicfl h 
ópocHjrB ffiJihVB Ha noJB. Eapom hz% uofpsurh h nospocnai 
iwiwiiefriif nqiexim a^ napsisi x^-Pompé, xu ea tf^auxi; 
OBI ncBOttsoBajcx cij^aeirEi mo(b pasecaatrb AvHaHXBe^ vro Map* 
sna saiaen noBHaRomiTbCfl Cb ero xonepBH) h xait eny noHm, 
fio eS 01UO 6ii 0WHb iipunnM>4 ecjafo oh% npHHfljrt ynaeiie b!b 
(nuqpftiUm^ HOBarOy saTMiiBO-i^ewrHaFO oóntecisa, n BoropoifE 
uf^fjAwaejtem npaBjmdfl ůym^ ra nyan^ Bonraíft BOJt^acran, 
B wammmrt BBHiiaHien Haupoft apodrncpami kb 000 CecHJB^ 
mmn vn womopu n&nifiycM HpHMHpeuHfi cb oo($ok>, cyxB(k>ft 

I JDOXBMH. 

GecuB yjpmuaeB, sorxa ei xojhmbuh, veo iiapBHsa xe-Pompé 
zeiaen ee bhx^tb. 

— npoeiTe|~<saBajMoiacjei«aB8BMHOfiaHHiurBroiocoMi.— 
fl He HM§K> wen sbítb ary x^y. Moasera éaTB, ona sejaerB 
BOBJon m&asL KB iame*iȎyAB Ao6poe x^o, cb Daspimeida a($6aia 
Aimpe. 

IIIeieei*B mexxoBaro BxaTBC ffíxh UHaiB Cecsu, mso hocíth- 
leiBHiivi Miua, enie npeowe hími ciyra cb oco($raHfiiM% yxa- 
fimtb xoxMum:— KapxHBa xe-Pompé. 

Osa CTOflJUt KB BBfsixftTOiBHol 008%, MapBHsa BSflJia ee sa 
pyi^i csasan: 

— npocTHTe, HTo nxiHK^ n saiffB Óen BOiBoft peKOMeHxai^ii 
iport mmBSh QÍmfSTb ovBomeBifi n xo6tK)My aótfaiy jQ[K>npe. 

Oecitt yvaxfua laeay h qMmKsn kb nosaiÍH MaieHBRofi 
pynysosapyn, n nMfi naoBHOciBK), noxnecja bi ryéaiTB. 

— Mhí o^eHB asajB, Mapsnaa, — cBasajia ona cbohikb h^- 
HHiTB, BopBymivorB iojOQOM!B, — 9X0 Moe necMcne MimaeTB uwb 
wsafB MiTB npieiTB) xocsotHiift Bamet fflófonL Ho, ji snaio, bii 
WtpB. Bh iqiocxHTe, ecm a He OByii^io mipaesTB Bani yxoBOAB- 
eui^ Baně AOCvaaJaerK mhA Baaie HoeftiqeHie. He nooBOJiHre jra 
nA noBBaiB m-me Hortonae? 

"~ Madame Hortense! BOCBJíiniHyjia Mapaesa yxHSJíeHHuirB 



"-^ dfo Moa xoMBaHBOHBa H xpyn- 

'^ Hftň^ xopwaa,--CBaBaaa napBHaa, owpoBaHHaa npocroxy- 

H apacotofi Moxoxoft xteyniBH. — IIosBOJiBTe mh$ ha cero- 

Xtt^oneiirB saBxaxirB Bána. Oaxeii^- noBBOJiBie ue& xepaBaxB 

un aa pyay) Torxa bh no^yscTByerey ^xo roBopme cb xpyroicB. 

•'i^clkmea Balili^ ow» npiaTHiiS. Y BacrB npeiecnaa pysa... 

HOD ClcijiOCTBy HO HO CHHMeTO JIH BEI HepHaXBy? Mh£ 



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264: Momaib krnsi. 

T&n 6a z(n&í0CB npexcvMBiB cbSik sacs. Ilpesxe rtn mh ha- 
HEevb roBopRB, He Mory n i ciena npoBecTE pyiei no jamj 
Bameny? HaxÍK)CB, bb ee cepxnec&..r 

Otbítoitb MapsHSH Cum Bsm Muemyi) pynsy, loiopai 
npoTflrHBuaa tfh Heft Bax» 6h nqa oovfBcníi h naitMBib ee 
eetíb na JoOi, 

— Jífli mhí tasercHy Ba Hpeq»CHii)— cnaua CSecuB. 

^ EaBora i^B&ia Bsnn rian h bmocu? & xan juDfijDo 
BamraHGBiie boi(k». Bftit& moh BMrauBOBBe? 

— Jífl^ OTBŠíua Mapnn, — ho Bam bmocb řopaixp cbít- 
jáe MOHTb, H xoh, Ban bh caMH wmtm ytitjpncfl, x^mbo ne 
Tas:b TOHBH B meiBOBBCTH Ban Banui. 

— ÁThy MapBina, Bil jocrBTe 6ifjaoĚ x^iymrt un cocrpa- 
xanifl vb ea HecucrÍK). 

— Bii 6h btofo ho CBasaiBy mih0i xopomo mobi SHan, — 
BOCUHBHyia iiapBHsai js/biysí GeoHJi vb o6š n^en* -— Bon nxb 
HCBpeHHÍe, MavepHHCBÍe noi^biyB. ?to*«%i 6jfpwh xpynsiMmi 

Ona X6psajia pyBH GecHiB vl CBOBrB pysaxi. 
Moioxaa x^Bymaa qsénBO hz% exaia. OxHooBaa cjnaa cia- 
TBiacB iro ea n^eB^ ho ui^o duo ^lyxHBMi CBfoon. 

— Bh x^ftCTBETeiLHo owHB xo6pH,— CBauuia OHa.--VM-« 
8;ro, Bon nociuaen mhí lasoro xpyra? 

— EhKbncby mademoiselle. 

— CecHu^ soBBTe Meu npocTO CeouB. 

— ]ífl,j GecHiB. A cuxajut o aan on mmfo xoptroro KPfn 
H xyxoBHHBa, a66aTa fi^onpe; obi foboj^i naft o Bamem 6msl- 
ro^ecmi, o Bameft xo6port vh nxaa BBpaseniaxi, Boiepan i 
npBBecTH ne cwbn. 

— Offb cnnnom Ao6p>s,— npomeHiaia OecHn. 

— Ho^-^npoxojwaia iiapBHBa,— ho on oxhoto aK6an cul- 
maia a o BacB^ CecBn. Hmobho noroicy, ^lo a cjyiaftflo ycaa- 
xaja Bame hmb bi oxHom pasroBOpft, a pftflouacB n cicinift, 
CBasy 6ai,ie — na A^pasift man aBBnca BfBBam. 

— S, yB^na, ^ro xo6poe naaiipeHia npHBeio uch cxwl. 

— (XtiacHHTB Bee bto oneHB ipyxHO, GecHn. & cjHomia o 
BameMi Hec^acrÍH, Moe sencBoe cepxiie 6bjo TpOHyvo, a ne Moria 
BUHecTH, 1TO01 mffí pacHOpasancb aameft fiyxyniBOCTU), jooxb, 
Boiopae, noacajiyft, momh nonBTanca BOcnojiBBOBaTaea laeimot 
xyniH Bamefl) wíočřh HOcraBHib BacL b% neniMoe h masoe ho- 
losenie. 

— ?T0 BB xonre csasan? ~ BOCBnuyaa deeu^i uenca 
oioxBEraacB on MapsasB. 



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«- Kro Moaen seiaTB ojbuwn ubA uo, mhí, 6txH(^, eii- 

— H]ieHBO,xpyr<BMOtt,aieq:b — ^BamecrecTBeBHiiftnaKpoBiiTejiB. 
Ho auuure utA OTspoBeHHO, CiecHn: vbjfb ne Hoseie se bh 
pK^BTB ece CBoe čepme otiq^? Ority ne noHanBofcn crpenjie- 
idl B BOEraHii 8foro cepínu? ne Ta«B n? 

MoiOiiM xfayma noipuHiM h onycfua roiOBy. 

— Mm sna^ BOHeoo, own MHnynn^—ciaMiawa. — H 
wajmjfmM oieab icBiroe laBib BBce6i« tt, bto 3hi», ho...— osa 



— Ho BH yxiuaerecB, oraeiiy < ^Q^Maif^ hto nořit 6u sa- 
mn HJkcTO ^yra, bib čepme Borqparo bh Morn 6h cboÓoxbo 

lUOBaTB CBOB MHCJIB? 

— Hyano mhoto BpeiieBB,— yiionno aairibmia OecHJiB, — 
nofift BORpyauncB, vtí&h BHSBan xoB^ie, o BOiopoicB bh roBopere. 

— H mhí rknh npÍBTBie bbxí»,— oiBt^axa Haprasa,— hto 
y BaeB xocraTOHHO BxpaBaro.ciiHCia, mo&k bto seaTB, h Aocxa- 
mao OTjqioBeHHOcny iJo6h ueí oto BHoasaTb. Ybk! b yse 
maamMi cATomuL seraKana, e Moe BHasie ^eio^šnecBaro cepíma 
li BeewcíM) xase cnmom hojhd. Bh sacrpaxoBaHH on eroro 
coqmocBOBeBk co cbítmi rtirB, sa hto xpyne CMorpaiB sasi 
Ha BecHaciie. Ob xpyrofl eiopoin Mmé npocTOxynrie mofjo 6h 
spK nBtomxx o(ÍCTOflwiBCTBax% noGraBHTB Bací bi^ oiiacBoe no- 
Mimde, eaoĚŮh se (Siuo y Baeb Hcmpeneiro b onHTHaro xpyra, 
lOfepal Kon ůa umfsmb bbci^. 

-r- Bh nmcarh ciyu^ — BoqMsua GecHu,— a Bcerxa xyMaia, 
m ocfaetei oxho ioiuo cp^kctbo. noaflTHB& cefia Bory, a yfixy 
9n idpa. 

— IIpaBxa^—OTBibmia CHneo paoTporaBHaa Hapama. — dro 
cpejtnBO xocrynHO hbitb, &bM!Bsiwb m/tmnjBOBan, wvj» cAvh cra- 
BiBím cBJUie Hae%. Ho Bame noioseHie HCBiiomeiBHoe. 
Otesuík, BipoiTHOi fl cjiumaTb ee saxonerB o TOirSy sa * hto bh 

— Tan bh BHaeie?— CBaeajía GecHA. — Bh ^rpo-HH6y«B cjih- 
mau? Bh snaefe, hto ohi se xoierB cjHmaiB o Moarb nocryn- 
jeaii vh MOHacTHpB, hto owh roBopan co MHOtt o He906B[0SHHx% 
^attKb) 170 owb HM^ien (aAwMjio npefeHBÍH) ociaBHTB ^íBoe co- 
cmmie Bacx6xHny.--QHa oexaHOBHjiacb, nospacnijia h saxpHJia 
Jiq» pyiaifM. — Obi otohb A()(5prb^— npomenTaja ona, — i na aero 

He MMjnCbj BH HO XOISHH Xpom o HOMl fJ^BO. 

— HanpoiSBi, a o Hearb xoe-«o ciHmaaa, nó xaio mh^ 
^piQBHiatM BHCOBee MH^Hie o ero JuoCaa vb aam. A Tenopb, 



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2Ít Monomsi ibíoibl 

ch KHiraeirE ÁprycoiťE BajraoapoifB. 

•~ BajiTásafoml-^BoeBjnnyjn ^jrona. — Bh SHieTe sroro 
XsesuBiieHa. 

— KopOTsa 

— Ohi spacHM**. jmmh... pu^V^'* x>ieaTAife8%? 

— Offb Heo<iin»B8DHo BpacBVB) He ocoÓaíM yMBs, io ne 
jiHmera 9QM0aro cmsomm m npeapacie otiptsosaBS. 9|^cnia ero 
pimapciBi, ovB Biojrai Minaero (Ssm natBtttfc áiiwíMftJ Mk iii c j ti . 

— KaRafl EejAnůCTbl — sacii&ijacL x^Bynua. — dsMit jm, 
^10 aTe^> Bpefliaran nrt ero b» juyNOM^ %ro0^ khmb tasoS, 
moro BH owĚcametej měon seonsca dh, Mnott cjrimtt Oe- 
cvjib! PasBi aio se cmíiiiho? 

— He 8Htti>9---(>i!iimaa iiapiaBa,--*^-wnepK aorxa < Bac& bi- 
X%ia H roBopua a iakb^ mjA no m taseioa oeodenD artmon. 

— Ajtb, eoja bb savMe lan mb& nefHTb, < *aviy co- 
MHfaaTacs Bi xitOTBiTOJAHocn iameĚ xpřfmúu. 

-^ 9to H6 jMrfr, HO BH rÍM% se Mwie itpaBSi, xoptnur. 
npHBHaxwfl JIH Bam? iqmBxe nten^ x mck BH^bia, s npnua 
Ha cedfl oien cepateiyio orBÉtcneHaocn. ymam eiywtHo, «e- 
pesi Boponaro npiireM sBasa, iro BaivE, homxoI m seoHUifíot, 
<$yxen cx^tJiano npexaosoEie on ero BMeHH, x upumia h§b(M- 

pilfl vi^H, YTO($!& HOMftmaTB BTOIiy) DOM X HO yNS^T Mffb, 06 

ysHai) BaiiiHj» Bsrjuixom, ho flpexMsy Btaa-^^ecjíBÚb wm jrw^ 
6uxo npHHflTB ee — Moet noHon^H, He oq*pgam eefia^ k tattcaA 
xeBsqBHB onsmofi b% m^otiim x^jmúli^, a neftxy <'3^>'^ ny(k)BO 
arayBCTByioa^tt webnumaMh ncaan m cbitiiii% opeMjemat, 
B% Bame noíHoe pacnopaseme. Botb pasraxaa Moero noeft^^. 
OeouB osycniiaoL Ha sojritoi h, oíSbhb^b pyaaiiff crpoínyi) 
TaiBio vapBBBH) nojomia něovf el na rpyx^. 

— SKejiaia 6b a^— ^eRasajia OE^^^wto^ bh (ten iioeS m- 
TepBK>« • 

Effh 6oKOBoft XBepH Bomia xaMa h ocraHOBHJiacB, nepase&flii 
BToi ciieBOt. MapsBsa noxHJua roioBy. 

— FtpreHBifl! 

— Maprapvra! 

Ohí ((pocuKB WS, odnoítit Xlfjt% xpyra ropaqo MíbMMMCh. 

— Boase not, ^to opaneio násí cioxa? 

— TwaonĚj xa ni ontyxa BMJiacB? a wn xaBSo fefia «v* 
ropreHsia oBOM&Hjaca nepnaa. 

— CeoiJiB, — caaMura osa, — ara xava voa noxi^ra. Mb wěícA 
tiiiaH Bi. Sacré^Coeiir wb Anasepš. Mb ne Bvxaaic^ tffloro ito. 



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•niiooBHt majLfh. 267 

^^ Baift <hi lOTiiocB ndFOBopHTb?-^CBaBajia C!eciJiB.---BjiaFO- 
xap» BMft, Mapiasa^ A ^j^Bcrsyio, no bh x^tcmrenHO fiyxeve 

Ona ooi^tjoBMa napily h BBnua Mn BoiíHafii. 

UofpyvE cBOBa oÓbajhcb. Hra wrh pasrowpa im noxciymaeMS 
loiMO eiora, Miqiiu eopsancB n ycn MapKBBii: 

— BixBHi djfyůipKB PeMB; ob% (bm iMoB xpa($piitt h w>- 
dfiň. Hnero tb m novepdua vh mxmrh rnsan B»«8a foro, hto 
Bama sa mm^ zoni tboo ceaiétcsm Hnor^a m uúvmo ifůb Moro 
^wems. Oth fen •rjnHBi npenoxuaren) fieflBt. & Taise 
ero in6ua. Ho mh <NMhiih Boerxa crpaKaim^ ecin noortxyeiti 
ByMeldB) eq^ffiB. ^^ nr xonoa (iiua Btrnecínil O, ropteHsifl, 
OTMO TH K sooBOJOla MHŠ zoTfc HeitHoro o(SierviiTB eit) XM17B) 
aroflÚDy a xorxa ofb yMepB, orqero tu ne 6pocHjiacB vb iíoh 
ofonia? 

H o0ft juHnpodi niaiam, BcnoMHHafl yvepmaro, aoioparo odš 

aŮKOL 

JíjbM^ BaT^jomoe Kocmi, HaBOHe^b, (tarjo ny^ieHo vh x^xh. 
On cj^miog vepoem ^pu , aavB b iioxo6aen bi^ mne apovi, 
mxa nommHsrae BOJUDroicy Tem^ ;í[OGT«nio KpafiHaro npe^ja. 
HnoK) Auo iBorna noliian yjstiRy, noinyH) na^eflopor, ba ry- 
(m o fara n i d l BaTnana, lognopne xwbo pamy^uicB yjiii6ancfl. 
Ba n otinipEai BMerofís n^, Boiopaa 9a6aijuieffefl mh sb- 
Betl tfHpaoBtt Brpofi, Dpío6oxpBMCB. Ha paBBŠ noBBBjacb hobiui 
■Pfl» toMpmt Moarao 6hio noayoaTB, opoxitBaTB, aKqíi BiíioiflRO- 
9WBnuM> o0B|6C]%a, BBi^ HOBaro aqxMysoBO^^HXiftCKaro Ówn^ 
octOBasMTO vb MaxpHxi, axiáB araiBflHCKOt ae^rbsmtxopon b np. 
DoctiRHHxi HOBHO ŮUMO Bifťnb CBOIBBO yroxiio> Tamse^sarb b 
wiBMPnnr^ BBTH-iipoueRiiilTB o&nktaitift ncpsaro Biniycsai no 
mopnn yioam npoBSBa^BJíaeB doicrMWB, npoxaBBSTB CBBXBBaiy 
» 70, nepeapoxaBBHTB iiy((jraB% sa 92, a tenopB HpojtaBSB- 
niei CB nptideft, aoiyna patfom na (tyfjmfit xoporii en^e b m^ 
«ni BB tfiuB. AKAÍeBei»i KavojmBo-KpexBToaro odn^ecTBa Batfsn 
c^ Hi^iiaBH onm atipaicB. ^Bp^n BribcvoiBBo Mfem^Bib ny- 
f^BBa aouBx^a nosím BirayeBMft, hikb yxBBBTonuM) noffUJnoB 
4qbxh flepBOHaiianflaro apwipuiite- Obb tftiCTpo xmijm xo 700 
Cfc 125. HoBiril BonycsB rb BBTBxeean mbijiohobi ŮBuy npo- 
WMRB BavB ycrpBi^u BaTOJiHBB^ aieflcm, lerflTBMBCTa, doÉani^ 
viBi pMiy((yiBBaBipi, OBpeB BHTpBTOBajiB HanepepHBB^ WCO&h 
vqrvm bbi^íb Sogko. Hohtb (Sscboqxobbub boiep yse ooMpiBB- 
va. Xbbs^ novreBBHtt cjyra MapMM xe-Pompé, noxmcaxca sa 
AbnoyciB. TempB, ^epera rox% u kul vtoiiiia, okb jiBjrB im 



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268 ncraiKi iBTOBH. 

Oseflxii H BMtn npvjHHHHfi ffiiLOKh VB 20^000 $p. GynpyrH 
rioxoTB, p^BHocTHO oxpaHSBBríe KBapTBpy Horapiyea Ťajnooift on 
BCfltBii BTopseHift, Bjax^JiH 80,000 ^p. ez aKrnnon. HrB xpOB- 
Hne 5,400 4^p. Bcš 6hxh noifiniem bb hobba npexnpí™'- 
npHBpaTHHBi H seHE OTO nMBSOBaifli^ 6oiíhmmrh Honcsoiro fb 
OROJioTsi, cpexfl Menaro iioxa, TMfb Basi Bcerxa vopjn x<^<{btb 
npurrejfliTB TaBBX% nmt^ BaBfln rb noseiaioTiy b9b hobhsb bb- 
sycBonb, 6;iaro;iapa Jiotieraoca r. Eckko. M-me r»JH)ra saBeia 
xase hIivio kb poiit ToprosiH, ocaoBaHmft sa xpyslli ei^ Ben- 
BBm «jiOBteoK'B. 3a smhkcíi) ofla6pau no 10 ^. csasqÍB. 
%irB vfmn ce6i dáiiovB h saBejrB jomaxet. 

MapRHSt xe-Pompé Ůujrh ispejwfbfiBiTejiewh npaBjens. Bapon 
lUywh BaxoxHicji vh ihcjtí xiipesropon. Avu3Eq(Be 6i2jrB ^leaon 
asosefi-BiyÓa. 

RocMO fiujii rjfaBHOsaB^xyioiilHicB RpexHTHHicB o6ii(ecTBOM%, Bex 
BxacTB ((Hja coepejiovoveBa bb ero pyiarB. Oeq^erapevB y Hero 
ÓHJTB rpa^TB Měno; drori BpacBBiifi, yMHHt MOioxot apacrnsparB, 
(SaxBmofi npiaTesiB MOHCBHBopa, ssan HftcBomo bshsofBi o($b- 
iiMiHJi^B HHoroe HHOsecTBO crpaHi, HanBcajTB hšcbosbo bhbtb, 
H8B BOTopiirB oxHa 6iua osarjaBJíeHa: «naxBTH^ecBaa nasaBtet 
XJifl $paHriÍH». IIaHan[eeS btoS oRassBaiacB jieraTBicHCfeBafl peeraB- 
paiMB. $eHO]fra% btotb cx&iajicB npaBOi pysot Bocko^ B(m^iy 
HyjBeHi 6un nocpeAHHifB cb bsbiipíiimh HaHepam xu cmmeBil 
CB npBHivuffH, ap^repi^oraiiH, nocjraHHBKaicH, MBHBcrpavB. 

KpacBMSifl ffiwh 6un KynieffB bb Avenae de ťOpéra, ero 
ifeÓJiBpoBajin cb Heo6HBHOBeHHO& pocBomBK). CiOBa: Eamo^mm- 
npedtrnnoe oCuteemeo Bcioxy nonaxajifla Ha riasa. EoeuoBjaxtn 
pesjíanofi BasB hbbto. Rpoii^ topo, ito saBexeHHOe hm% bbPhmí 
areHTCTBo: «InteUigence Catholiqne» mwnLJíO wb ÓesncxeHHHXB 
raseraxB CTaietsBi Texerpamni, saif&Tra, apvnraecBÍe OfSSBH o 
ero ^^8HaHC0Biix% ooepaipfln, oh^ Bcrpann qepipe MwuioHa 
(j^aHKOKB Ba DOAByni aTeHCTB^ecaoft b espeficKOft vaciH eBponet- 
esott HeiaTH. Bb bthx^ raseiaxi icBycHHiiB) x^^^ xyxosBeerBra- 
HHMi nepoxB, ODHOiBajiHCb nyremecisifl fioóio, ero ohíuui cb 
BpynHHMB <SaHBHpa]fH BtaH, JIoHxoBa. GneokuBme B0ppe<»i0H- 
xeHTH, na wuioBaHBi, 6uxe paafipocaHH ho Bcexy <$ajniaHC»wy 
noiycerpoBy. Ohh-to nBcaiH o npexnojiaraeMOĚ jsbjAzboř x<'poií 
OTB BarysH xo Bapnu, to onHCVBajiH 6ochíAckíb poscHOB. Bocxo 
BB laBa^ eBynajn^ vh Binib rasem y espeesrB h x^mi^ h^^ 
apxB^^smojiBHecBBifH. B% Byxa-necii ohi HBxaBaiB raaaryi Mm^aa 
pasxasaiacB xapoiTB no 20,000 BsseifnjiflpoFB bb xem. 
i BesnpecTaHHo nenaiaiHCB raseiHHa yrsn, pacnycBajiHeB Hert- 



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AiiáHOomit PHiufS. 2<S9 

wm CMjwn; tet mo ihíio okbj vtjbxb: otipantB otfiqee BHHiiaHie 
n KOMOcaiBHoe npexn^TÍe. FoBopun, hto aDorpiScsíil nMnepa* 
T^ H vpvmpvfm* AjBtfpeiTi bsajh naioBBHy asipft HOBaro 
TpíamhAxpiaTHHecBaro 6ana; roBopHJiHy ito Rpexersoe otfiqecTBO 
8^^a6miBaen uo fíA ch noiOBKflOtt MHJiJiiom vh nex^H). 

Ho eayu cepEěSHaa nponaraHxa BejiacB ^epesi Hotapiyea 
FamHá, <iefeir& erpfliriHXB, eemumEBaonj J9m». JífiBbVE caua- 
JM KB cjHxyiH oiditeoifia hss j^kb fpv^pHWBBVh MenmoDĚ- 
mn. Yjuseneme MapsasH xe^Pompé xoerHrio BpaflHHXi iipevb- 
lon; MO npBBOffiio bi yjutcb Komrem otintecTBeHHOft tfeso- 

lAGMCll. 

— iff ÓoiocB, — roBopHj^ IIjyiťB AHTyaey h ^lOMapecBy, — a 
nooojau^ oedft i wo pii ro c% He» otobb cepBCsBo; ji AOsasiiBajii 
el, «o Mfl Bva xbiiMBHoefB coBepmeHHO junrana. Eioffi b 6e8rB 
mo CJHSDBCWB yBJíesaioTCfl btbiii asoíaiiH. Ohš cb UMKowh 
xaen jiiQrrB n n^y. Ona npHHflja ha ce<Sai BoioccaiBHyH) 
oiBJbicrBeHHOCTB. Bdb ea fffsbn bb ABcrpm, HcnaHÍH, Hrajne, 
FepiiiHiM BOMe^eflu bb ob^nli^h btoto wprroBCsaro BpexBTBaro 

— Bci OBE pasfiorai^B,— CKasajTB ABTyaoB. 

— ^ Ba 6yiiaTarB, — BOBpasBJTB ÓapMB.— Ho o&b bxb ho 
pttWBBpyion. Oaíibě ohb bto^-^obb pasoparB odo^ecTBo; ne ca%- 
Jia— pBCBB rpoMaxBui. & npocTO CHa jiBniBjeB. ďcHO, hto Kocmo 
1 na .oÓesBfloa Měno xbjiWKyn»j mtb xotitb; mh toubo BOHcra- 
npyeBB. Bce bto x^jo toibo nait>xa bb XBaxi^aiB oraset. 

-*• B«B naBie^amé) — npepBajB AeTyasB. 
Hbbto B3B BBXi B6 yiu^Hyioa. Bdkwb bmb lyxBJíocB ^tto-to 
uoBtn^ee. 



VU. 

MapBina b OecsjtB noxpyaujiBeB. He CMorpji sa to, ^no, ÓJia- 
nnv^i pasBvrii) Benaot bx^bb, ea b 6e8B toto xturseihEM sbsbb 
caa mnfi BMiAe, MapBflBa ^aero HSzoxBia BpeMB saŠBsaTB b% 
doet K>Hofl npiflTeuBBi^š. ropiensífl hb boxb saBBirB bbx^tb ho 
emamanoB ooapoBoaixanB OecBU bb ei no^vqnxB bb HapBBdi; 
M'i|meHB CMepTB Myflsa ona SBia fb hoihomb y^tBHeHÍB, a 
G^CBiB D0C1MBH0 isxBJía BB yjHiQr St. ' DomíiiiqQe cb 

BOMnaHBOHBOtt, MBCCB MOHBBOfl. O KUavb MOSXy HBMB 60JI^ 

n moHM pštt. Moáoxofl ^oiob^bi nepixKo noc&n^ajrB oreiB 
iHteafft BO x^aiTB, xaBB KasB b ohtb Óujib xapesTopoBB aaio- 



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270 Bionifis npo«* 

JBROHip^ABTMrO OÓH^^CTBft; OÓpSS^b JU8HB erO HMÍHIUCí^ Wft 

Byxius MeHibíM, pa(SoTan 6oiiaiie,--6apo9% ILiyinb ynepíMM^ 
H10 oiEb cTai!b, seBUHOciDrB. TpeBoro (S^K^sa pocM le bo XBm, 
a no lacaiťb: ^in 6mwk om spudfao^BBUca n qii^[MU(íiioi 
EocMo, TbiĚ3f Meaie ob^ BAyni&ui eiiy xoBd^púu XyAnía onaeQBii 
ero (mpwAUBCB, sorxa oabhi um ^usaHcoBiuii rymekj <$Mn>BO- 
jBBmBXi B% leify, Bpncjaji^ aa H0ii!b g ytiÉauan €£0 ihmubi, 
HaiOBeA^i 9T0 Bce j^sajiffloe npeAnióaiie Rooiio— muwHt ngrBiipb, 
H AO spaxa HQxaieBo. Toieraui Jl^aHAbe noAyion rb xe iii- 
A^Bia orb MMoro npexaniiaro eMy yau^pa h wb ton jm ffHi> 
socjiaái AOHb cb MoHHBott npeAynpoAHTb Map^Bsy o rposutel 
onacHOon* 

KoTAfk MOJiOAua A^ByoiBE Bomn m roevrajw oisu AP^Fompé, 
xaH^B HO (!wQ BiUboro KpouA BeBflaiMMfava hboo MoubA Moior 
Apro HOjOB^Ka. MapBBaa CBA&ia y cetSi n 6yAyapJb oo^ Mra" 
CBBbOpom*. AsmwBBa MBoroasaiHTejuio oaaaia pyay QecBxi. 

MoixoAoi lejOB^wb wnn m noiuoBBJHUi. 

MoBBBa iq^oraM)pwaa rpoBíHm BiMOiairby BO^aflrjittciB: 

— 9t0 MOJLOAOfi fJSBETIhUeWb^ O^OHB BpaCBBUĚ. 

CecHJib npíociaBOBBJUM^ 

— y^KBMs^—cBayaia osa tbxo, msye uhaarjíicví. 

Ho exBa oBa BiiroBopBja no ciobOi las^ oeiynajto^ Bcapat^ 
ByM o» 6o4H H ynaia. 

— Bose Moi, 170 cjiyifljoeb? — BoouBSByjii nmaish. 

— Easerca, osa iiuuizayja Bory* 

MoHHBa onyciBMca^ aa boj^bb b Bsiua vb pysB naieBKyK) 
floauQT* iíentitt eroag^ copiaxcs eh rj&k GaeBu spB •tomb ^h- 
bocsobohíe. 

— Ho,— npoAOJsan bbhbb Badrrasapi^^^fle Moserb se made- 
moiselle ociaBaTboi vb 8iomi^ noiosenÍH? He noBBOHBn ju rop- 
BBiflyio, BJH — HO nojosHie jni Bil ee aa ABsafli, mboci? ho no- 
MOib-^aB BaMi? 

Qbs coiepseBBO pacMpsuoi) tsb^ 9m Ran b Mflca HoBOxa. 
GecBtt jBniBjacB lyaciRb. Obb yioauum ee u junaKb. Kpi» 
no6tean sa vapBBBOi, obb Tona&b asancb b n oiey MBqfiy 
pacnq^BABjacb adbiťb. 

— EHflBby^-eiaBajiaoBa, — norpyABTaob lui&BOBiib; mobcbbbop^ 
BBBb BBXBie, Boe npBcyTOTBie lyn BeafixMBBO. jífi obbnmú. 
KBflBb, a ACtutBa flo6iaroAapBTb Baei» orb mmasL m*lW Abbbbam 
8a osasaBBHfl jcxyvB. 

MojiOAOt leioB&Bfb CToan nepoA^ bok) ra^ÓOBO pacTporaBflBt. 

— TaRb 8T0 m-lle JI,HBaflAbe**npoBieaTan ob%.— Ab», xap- 



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•nuhooihS iřsftii^ 371 

ma, « OKua bo Bceia BimoBan. A m saniran, hto m-lle — 
dhátf) a ee eanyrajiii* 

— Taicii BarJttKKie cisaiuo-n6yj(^ aaray HeaíxiMyM) ramy^ 

npRe ero, ni iu Wk ma, Ůíuek, h npueurae ero 6x>xa 6uo9, 
ecn BysHO. 

Kmsk B&ieBa^ 

OciG»iik (Mupyjaeb n oti^mui iiapBBMi* On cnparua Mup 
nrpgwi jQigri% 

— KvQ 8W Óiiji? O, wo ysacw. 
*-* ^w ywtoM? 

— KMotrffo. lioguMlofi XJUMiUfeB% Boan iceflA m pyu i 
mmib^ Ero avo éun?* 

~* fiB»» Áimyci EMWitf^ wpomi. Oob oodbxan sa aob- 

Bpani ycnwoBn m^iuny. GefiiéBHara ae ůumo HB^ero. Ce- 
ouBi wměM Aovofi. Au Mi aroTb CAj^^ 6íán i^ijuuni co(tt-* 
wfsb. Qií «voft MBByvu B» eepwe H dapuock lyBcno, boto- 

Ha xpyrc^ Jteu nocrt iipflMK»eHÍ« c% GecuB^ (SapoHi EiyMi 
ompaB&icfl Bi oiejB w-Pompé. Owh twpffi pd^msiea npexocre- 

— A, flesipynipi, ^oreo^,— BoeBAUsyjia OHa^^rxi lafia 
(oua? BH m npBoecjB ea c% oo6afi? 

-^ H^i MapíMa, oeiaBHn jiOMa BMftxrb cb ^npeMs. £[ 
onamci mh 6emáOtfiaa neacioBi aft lacTBiím lejortsom. 
ISm mdk (kmui uuwuni něm bu. Mift npe^enoan BCBOJUBTb 
uoám. & — I^iBQUi, a (m%y Ha^o aaBA csBeatrB, xotb HÉorxa b 
mraoca HenpÍBTBOi aiBpraeHBOonjo, bo roBopBn npaoxy. 

ttaiMBBA aanqua yBiB. 

— S R cjqrflMzii BBOB se osABy, ecn By 6yx0ie rraopBn 
m^m6jj9> flenpÍBTBoe. Bu bíhho neflOBOUBa; r. Eogmo toubo 
vo ynien on Mesa. Owb lopaBecrByerB. J^iia flxyi^ ly^me, ^rbm 



-^ fjk. ToaM ůsuo B «B noMBea^ HaBasysi BSBepseHÍi. 3to 
Gmpai ■at>pÍB. Ho, Mapsasa, bo biu ssmett xpiym6uj npomy Bac& 
Wi omciyjBaib. 

- -^ fiot ^«iqr BCffen »vo tepseeiBeHHoe BCvymnié?— nax- 
cnpocBJUt ona. 

^ fl aftqFun bobhb b touhb CBftffJfadfl. Hbao bbb'b csa- 
nm g, moro pa» BHiaiei osBaBoiiBT&ea » BacroantHirb , 
Bp^BTHaro otfn^ecTBa, ysEBiB, vró mu nojiy^BJíH, wtó 



. ' DigitizedbyGoOQle 



272 BMfon iBPOim. 

ROTopHfl Bci^ XHpesTopa Hirbion npaBO snan, a Mesxy i^m ra 
BanH pacppocH mh nojy^aiH yBjiOH<iHBHe oibíih. Gam iiapiBsi 
HacTiirBaeFfci wso6u vh osixami 0609^0 coópami Ha» (hm 
npe^craBieHi noJHidl otwfb o nojosemB Rannixi x&i^- 

— 9to h ÓyAera HcnojiHeHO. 

IIjiyMi nosaji nie^aiiH h cb onaameMi npoxMaam 

— npevúi Ha Hamfl anvÍH cofs^menHo seBOfHia»Hii. (M 
i^i^HflTCfl BTpoe Bume CBoefi ctohmocth. Tftiii ho nesle ir>x% 9Iv 
asi^H BiiAMO, no aioft ^^anacniiecBDfi qtffk, on TpHwani xo 
naTHxecflTH miuiíohobi ucthhh xonraioi; xenm oni, Mapsisa,— 
xemrH BaoiirB xpys^, jernmneirarb, xo6pBX% larainDOBii. He- 
ysejiH BH HO BBXHie, ^TO 8T0 craBBTi Hacs B% ysacBoe nojioserio? 

— 3to BOBpasxa. 3io BHxyMm Baanzs BparoBs espeesi. 

— Ilojraore, iiapBBaa, bh xoisbh Óiitb BHme wark tyn^ 
BBD^Buxi npexpascyxBOBi. Tenepb se qiexHío Btea. BermBie na 
BonpocB rjasaMB ÓJAropasysíHaro méjmfitíejíií. Ayxs^ taBMeasBiíf 
najecTBHy, 8anpnv«BÍft lyxjeio b& TOieraB wíbMarb staofta yrae- 
TeBÍfl, Be Bimepii vh 8tom'& Bapoxii, Koropsi fiu% Basxoft esfn^ 
neficBofi crpaflt rocyxapoTBeBBnxrB jnxett, nonoBoxi^en, ^xoco- 

^^OBl, jneBUTbf BBaHeHBTHXl ÝBBaHCBCT0B&* 

— Bu— RpacBopš^BBHtt axBOBarB, r. Ujiywh, — capsaerBnecu 
*Bepe6Bja OBa:— xubo se bh craiB no6opBnM»rB OBpeeBi^? 

— Ol xizi nopii BavB Ba^aii ^Hian h noHHHaTB Hcrops- 
lecsU SBira; cb 'Atb noprB san Birikii BOBMOSBoen oi(ÍNim 
^^HJOco^K) CnBHoeu, Bacjiasxnbci nyBEtsel M efixencraa b Moí^h 
6epa, oerpoyidevB FeapaBa TetHe, ^^ooo^^CKoft {^Btasíett B^ 
lOJBxa AyapiSaxay BFpo» PameiB. Hmoke b 6omm BamiBaoAr le 
cxaBy. ,2l(ocTaToao (Syxen csasaTB, no qiexB vpyÓUTh WKtomm 
— BparoBi HaniBzi, bími^obi^ — mbozoctbo BavftiaiejiBHitn npo- 
^^ecoopoRB B nytfiBiiBCiovb biiouo an wro cainro ueMeaB, bo- 
Topoe npBflBTO npenpafb. 

Ona yraÓByjiacB. 

— iS Be Bi cBiaxi cocTjisaTbCfl cBBaMB, BO BH ooniaemft. 
9to6h bh bb roBopBjra, juoxb btb BaifB saBBxyxKri. Qhb baci 
noryfiin, ecjiB CMoryrB. dro (Sopb<Sa Bsi-aa rocnoxcria. Tenepi bb 
OTcryBBTb Be BOseMi. Mh xojsbh boOíxbtb bib Haen. Onero 
6h HaM% Be patforan BMicrt xu o<SeBneieBÍB xM&v&ftfliaro lop- 
secTsa 8Toro BejiHBoišnBaro saxHCJia? 

— MapBflsa,— npocit) b sporso OTorferBirb oB^^**]ioe oepxAe sa 
Bací, Mott pa8cyxoB'b npoTBBi. Mory toubo HOBTOpsn: mactéocm 
ecmbl 



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•uiic<»Hi PBiun. 27& 

Eorxa OHI jmejpk <»a CHanajia sajiyiiajacb, ho cmpo cKasaia 
tfí/k He9O$M09Řmol m ycnoKOBiacL. Ona ciHniHoiii 6iua Haaiesipn- 
fonn Socifo, nro&h oóptun^n BHHMame na iepeidaxH (tapona. 
SoQM), MrpjmeBBvŘ vh cboh BOioccajunie aaMHCJUu, exBa nicln 
Bpem orjMHynci. Ob% otMjeh vb qeHipi ipyra, oiep^eHHaro hmi 
ctMm, rpoMaxBaro, roBopa OTHOCHrejBHo, ho He(k)uinoro no 
ejABseHÍio » o({niHpHii]C!fc ^HaHcraim Mipom. OtfpeiieHeBBHft 
3i(kmttB, OHx He bi €Hjar& (biJi% eme cji/im sa xoxoirb hojih- 
TnecBBXB x&n, a noTOMy MHoroe, ^ro 61110 acHO npocrairB Ha^ 
(AWfttemr&y eny 6hjo ae bi^bo. Patforan btotl tojiobšsi BaB'B 
pitoaiyrB qkbx nrysiacTH. Ob Mapaisofi xo-Pompé ohi BH^^ajca 
eiexHeBHO. Ona nepBaa ornecjacb ai Heny co^BeiBeHHO. daiy- 
3ÍI3HI ea Ao CHXB nopii ne OTJOkjiibxh, Ksotb 6bju> et ne ohh- 
pinca Ba Eotmo? ero renit coopyxHJi bto BOjaieÓHoe aitanie, ohx 
ttanBi xen saBoeBHBan hobhb qapcTBa. Smi Mona ona ne 
DouoBBTica evy? KaBm xon oh% ae ^yBCTBOBan opeiecrg h 

CUII BlOt SeHIIlHHIl? 

MapBBsa, npH nepnov^ CBBjutHiB^ BOHeiBO, cootiapjut Rojcmo 
o jiNHexonncB xo nea ciyzax%. Ohi 6u3% nCfaoe&x; rtm 6ojrí§e^ 
iio Tonac^ coo^panm, oiBy^a bítopb xyen. 

— 9ro MaxHBMtia sparoBi, — pimn obi.— A^^it^HÍe, bh«- 
miBoe BaMH, o({paxB40 hb nena BHHMaHÍe pe»y<SiBBaBCBaro npa* 
BnenciBa. ^o Měna aohi^h cjiyxH, hto nimoHii cji^xan sa hbich. 
O&fin nopi, BBBBasipB HaniH noxHHJniCB xo 2)500, espeH o6pa- 
TMicB CB zoAtraSoTB^nn bb MHHHcrpy ^HHaHCOBi. 7 MOHa lasse 
eoL esM CHH^BH.^ Kasxoo yrpo mhí BSBJbcTHO co^epsaHÍe BcaBoft 

<»0IBBO-Bn6yXB BBSBOt O^^HJ^BUHOt 6jlĚKfílL COCItBJíeHHOil HaBB- 

HTii. J[i>XB y(KbxuHCB, ^0 HUB HO pasÓHiB HeHii HB. 6Bpaiš; 
TacB xonm aroro xocTHniyTB iosbk). Moě otbítb hb aiy BJiesery 
CiijQnoBut: na Óyxyn^eft Hejc&i^ y bbcb ÓyxeiB 0610^^ co6paHÍe, 
H lOTxa a Bsmsy aBi^íoBepaMi noiosenie j^n oÓn^eerBa, xoaaay 
91%, KaB:B Cjecra^e sto nojojKeme. Eto bbmb 9to Bce HaroBO- 
pm? 

— Bce pBBHO, BTO 6u HH HBroBopH.iB, xpyrB HOfi^ — caasajia 
oaa, npoTHrBBaa ony pyBy. — ď ne noB^peJUt. 

Oh*b b^jt ea pyBy h npasajix bb rytfairB. 

— Bh CB caMaro aa^aja 6iijh bb stomb npexnpiflTÍH Moeft 
B|onoBHTenHBite|li Moei MvBepBot. Bame co^yBCTBie TenepB cjaiy* 
zrn moB BejTH^aftniefi nouopsKOft. UoB^pMe, hto Baioe aobí§- 
pie mhí owhb Aoporo; OTHHifHre bu ero y xena, a x^ftcTBBTejiBHO 
(Shjb (ia ({esnoMoi^HEiM^B. 

Ohb onycnua riasa. JIhi^o ea cierEa 8aa.i'&.iocB. 

Ton T.— CKRTjoPb, 1882. 13 

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274 noTHvn uposh. 

— BoK>CB, — CRasajut ona, CBMCh yjMCHyrtcíi,— qro bh npe- 
yBejiH^HBAere sHa^eiiie acoero cspoiiHaro ooxtffCTBifl. IIpiarHO 6bio 
HXTB 8a BaMH. sa TasHin wasycEuvb BomMJu>wh. Ohs BaruHyia 
Ba H6F0.' Jlwjifl ero cbítbjocb yjuósot. -^ ^a, npoxooutJia (rai, 
ycTpeMHBi Ha Hero TBep^ut Bsrjax^,— moxho iDpxnncs rtirB,TO) 
noMoranH Bairs, nvb kaki kb bici mu HanÚH B^psaro no6opHna 
HCTHHH, HacTOfln^aro ^iHaBCOBaro puqapa. 

HTajBaHeE(i cxBaTHn ea pysy h HtcBonso pa8^ Ilo^tJK>Ban. 
Ona ne npoTBBHiacfr. 

— An^— BBxoxHyxB ohí, hb BErayciaa ea pyBH: — tto (faio 
6ii, ecm&h Bcerxa hmštb noxjš ceóa TaayK> novonicn^y! 

Bi 9Ty MEHyry ciyra ffisoTan: 

— r. ^lonapecBi. 

CiriTJHBnft jaypHaaHcrb xonaa xotaxaica, ^to sbh^icb m bq 
spěna. EocMO HeiiexjeHBo npocTHica h yiiiej%. H^xA^en rasenii: 
«^o6pHtt xpyn* npítzan b% iiapBHBft no nopyTOHiio BOMBrera 
o6ii^ecTBeflHO& (SeaonacHOCTB. Bi yrpo btofo caiiaro xhb y hbxi c& 
6apoHOM% b ÁHTyaflOMX npoBCxoxBJío oovln^BÍe. ÁHTyaBrL, npex- 
bbxh 6jb80ctb Baiacrpo^y yse xftBBo j&lmihn Mapanaa c6iitb 
HacTB CBOBTb asi^fi^ BOTopmcB y aero 6iuio 4,000 nepsaro bu- 
nycRa, h ctojibbo se BToporo, yMOJias ero peanaspoBaTE xora 6a 
nojOBBfly no HacToaflfBicB i^team. OrapHtt apBcroq[ArB ynopao 
OTBHBiiiBajica nocjfixoBBTB BTony xo($poMy coBfey; ob% croan aa 
Tom, iTo TBBfB BaKB owb yroBapBBajTB BcfbTh cBOBXi xpywtt d^' 
o/cam%CHj TO CB ero cioponu 6huo 6h noxiocTBB), 6yxyw npexcft- 
xarejeiTB npaBjrenia, nocraparBca o6ednenn ce6a otb Bcamm 
cjiy^a&BocTeS. Anryasi se BaxoxBJx BcepaseBÍa npoTBBTB btitb 

XOBOXOBl. ObB Cfh IIjiyMOMl CB FOpBBBMl ^BCTBOITB BCnOXBBaJiH 

Bpeua, Borxa xun xpyrx xpyry ciobo cnacra vi^sasy. OsasHaa- 
JOCB, HTO 9T0 Jier^e tinio caasaTB, niwh cx&iaTB. Mapsasi 6wí% 
ciBniBOMi mwiewh^ ona cjramBOirB yBienena. ^niiapecBi wyiicřWr 
Ba.TB, vro B Ha Eewh jieaBarB BŠKoropaa OTB^TCTBesHOCTB, on 
xase nov^BJTB vh cBoefl raser^ saii^TBy, rxi wh o^eHB cxepsaa- 

HHX^B BHpaSOBÍflXl B OTOBB OCTOpOSHO XftBaXB nOBBTB, TTO HO BCe 

oÓcroBTh ÓJiaronojyHBO. 3a bto eiiy chibho xociajocB on mob- 
CBBBopa, EocMO B BapxBflaja BepeiTir. Ha BBaMeflBTOBTB coninta- 
bíb npoBBi^aTejiBBufi njiyii'^ ptmBjrBy hto exflBCTBeBBoe qpexcTBO 

nOMO^B rOpH), 9T0 — yÓ^XHTB MapKBSa OTBasaTBCfl OTl.CBOet XOJSaHOCTB 

npexcixBxeJiH, b sto 6hjio tím^b jiene cx^jiaiB, ^ro crapHKB Bce 
XBopa,TB, sa nocjiixHifi rox^ nocTap'6jii sa xecaTB jAn b vb 
BacTOHBQrio HBHyry ne BlIX0XBJl^ B8^ CBoefi soiiHaTH, vffk ero 
yxepacBBaji CBJíBHiifi npBcryni noxarpii. HBfiaBBBniBCB on o(^h, 



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•miHCOBHtt THUán. 275 

vapiCHSl MT% npOX^Tb XOTif 6U "^aCTB CB01IX'B dici^ft. JÍ^JIS 9T0rO 

BeoSxoxvMO 6uM Hanyran iiapnray eepiCsHOft (Soii^sHiio iiys^a, 
ynipiTB ee, hto OT;qarB eiiy neoÓxoxBMx. Ci »THirB-TO wníioMa- 
nnecRHirb nopynémeirB h OTnpaBHiai Kh mi JI^ioifapecKx. PinieHO 
61UO9 TTO OH^ npexjiosHTs eft sairtHETB MapicHsa caMHirB Koevo, 
n naxesxi^, hto BOM($0Haiufl ara efl nonpftBHTCfl h ona T6]r& 
oxoTHte pasnrpaerB pon, aoropyia ApysBfi es wh nUfii ett npe^^na- 
8Ha?ajH. IIpespacHafl Mapsvsa Bcrpi^jia ^lOMapecBa yapeKavs 
sa ero savtoy. 

— Mu HasaHyHib Beanaaro TopsecTBa pejinÍH h imp^jpca; — 
roBopua osa.— Bce wtobo. 

^nvapecm noBíJi^B h BHyrpeHHO eoxponryjcfí. Hey^e^iH Kocvo 
OBOUrauBaerL en BOo6paseHÍe TasnuE ^pexHlaini? 

Owh nepeMŠHHa^ pasroBopi, saroBopHBi o ^opOBi»t icapKEsa 
I Tyn se ircnojBui msjíOTaevBoe Ha nero Dopy^ienie. Mapaisa 
MRi 6yKT0 BcnyrajacB, ona Bcrajia, tovho cofiepascB ceft^acx hxth 
n Mysy; sypna^BCTB Tome noj^Hajca, npocTBicfl h y6xaji<B. Ona 
oeraucB bi ceoeirB 6yxyap%. Bi cepm^ ea 6opojivcB pa3.iHqncia 
^CTBa. Hacrymura peaniiifl nocjrk SBaifeHaTejTLHaro CBHAania (tb 
KocMO. Ona jíjvřm o tomi, htó ofb cRasajii, o tom^, icaKB oh*k 
8T0 CKasaji. Axi^ ecjH($B CHiBHtie jiidah Bcerxa coexBHfljincBl ES 
BCBOMHBjefl Mysi— Ao6poxyniHiifi, ne jiHoueHaiift sApaBaro ciracjia, 
ci pmiapcsBirL xapaKrepoirB, ho oh% ropasxo crapme ea h co- 
BepmeHHO Hecnoeo5eH*B oi^hitb, a tími Menie paBjrbjBTB ea ^e- 
cioaK)6HBHa mo^tei, oh miyBiaBirB. A btotb xpyroft, xapoBHTaft, 
iec70JiD6HBBft, BOCTopseBHHĚ H OHI... OHa niim.iacB 8arjiyniHT& 
9iy MHcxB^, npesxe Hiith ona CBaaaaacB ett, raxporayja^ aaspmia 
MMnú pyaaMH b onycnrjiacB na xraaffB. Bb mbcjiixb y nea tfsrjTB 
xaocB. Ona jvtfvjía pas^ bb sbbhh tfesvojiBHO, (SeBHaxesHO mo- 
AMoro npo^^eccopa dxyapxft PeBni. Ohb uojm6E]rh ropTensÍH), a 
MaprapBTa Bunuia sa eraparo vapavaa xe^Pompé, KoropoMy Óiuia 
BlpHoS H jifiůpcA seHOtt. Bce bto cjyqH.YOCB AB^najmaTB jítb Tony 
BnaxB. TenepB nepex:B, hor), bb Boo6paseHÍH, croaio ;cBa hbm- 
Bhta. OxHHB— (SapoHB n^tyiTB, crapirt xpyrt; jpyrott — Kocmo, ko- 
lepšii flBBJca H BBSBaxB BB nefi ctojibbo tfjiaropoAHiixB MHCJieft h 
eipemeHÍt.,. A ceroAHH, ^tď ohb xot^^ caasaiB? CsasH ovb 
t^mme^ ona 611 BOSHenaBBX^ia ero, ho TaicB leaKB oh^ btofo ne 
cxiaan, oHa xp^ajia o neiiB. 

PaaóópaTBca bb cbobxb VHCJiflXB ona ne líoria h, hto5ii pas- 
netici, Homm HaBÍCTHTB Mysa. 

Qn cnc&ii^ BB spe&Ti, npOTflnyBB Hory na cBanefiBj^. JiHqo 
ew Ům» (Maho h ocyByjiocB on CTpaxaHÍa. ]||a, ovb 6ojceHB, 

18* 

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276 BMnm ibfoih. 

Wh nocraptji. Obi nonurajcji yjuOeynca, lorjia osa craja aa 
zojAbvl y ero specia, BUJia ero sa pysy ■ cnpoaua: 

— Baii% He owu HeaKopoivrcii? 

— He 8Hai), MaprapiTa,— ciaian ob%.— fl He ton, san 
OHBajo. £[ He iftKb lerao BBHoaiy Óon. FojOBa tasse cja6a. 
Ho 8T0 np<^en>. 

Oaa He n ciiax% tiiua xMibe cxepsHianea, npicioHHjacB 
fcaoBol n pyiBft ero ipecia b sapaxaja. 

^Obi saBOJiHOBajca, no.iosBJi pymy efi na rojOBy h mcsobo 
rjaxHJi eá pocBOfflBHe bojocu. 

' — Maprapora, ^to cjy<iDjocB? Th (SoBnubCi sa CBoero cra- 
pasa-vysa? Hmbo, muai, Bce o6olxeTCx. Mhí bbxo ocraBanoro 
BOJOCcajbHoe a^% ÁHryasi Toce roBopm. Han hbao BnOpan 
RocMO DpejictAaieaeirB. 

Ona ocyHiHJa cieaii b noxHJja rojosy. 

— KOCMO? 

— ^a, ovh oxHBi Moxen saBSTB ato mícto. 

— IIpaBxa,— npomeiímAa osa. 



vra. 

Heo6uxHOMHfloe noBumeHie aii^ifi apexHTHaro o^qecTBa apas- 
jiaiHux% caasaHayxs n aam hohubíI se 6bjo BaBBaao ecie- 
cTBeHBHiia npaqaaaiiH. Gi i^na) noxain aypcB aa aB^ia, Kocmo 
OTxaji fp^peHMsun aasJíepaMi iTpaBaB<& cayaarL xu caaoro 
y^peauteaia 20,000 aa9ÍĚ, no i^aaai, AOxoxaaoiairB 'no^n xo 
2,500 ^paHB. ci amía, T.-e. npaaurB na eieÓŘ c6aB$eteMymo u 
50 MBJíJuoaoBi. Oa% Taaase eqrnarL bc6 aaiqa, aoropiia nociy- 
najH aa piiflosK^ xotx axi, roBopa OTHOCoreibao, 6bjo aeiiaoro, 
6jaroxapji ycepxcfBoaaaiR) aaprasii a acero yjErpaMoaraacaaro a 
pofljHCTcaaro apyaiBa. ^acio aa^il, aa^r^ aoropmia apoasBOXHJiacB 
ara onepai^iii xoniio nonv xo 10,000, hto ciBxafl cfwaaa% ne* 
ÁOWb 00 2,600 cb asitia eocraaiajo osoxo 25 aajakooBi, wvh 
BOTopuxi 22.500,000 6a jw Biixasíi jsn ^^oaxoai oóateena. A^- 
jiie, ci niihw nooa^pan cnesyjBpoBaBaiHrB aaas^iii, Kocxobu- 
xaii BMi ooxi» Haxi» emfi 20 mjiJiioBorb. Crpamoe aojaiecrBo 
xenen jesajo BTyai na boctokí, bi Bearpia, PyaHHÍa, a Tsase 
BT^ HTajÍB a Hceaaia, Gyaxyxa (Kaaaa Haraaaju nyctirB. Hpaaxa, 
nocjitACTBieai aroft TaxTBxa 6um xoaexeaie aaipi apexnoaro 
o6mfíttM xo 3,800. Opaaxa Taase, rto Hecmcraai rpytnia eapees^B 
a xpacmai ae - sarojaaoBi tfíijia npasara z% cťkni. Copa^ex* 



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^IHAHCOBHl PHIliPB. S7 7 

JMBO aauio^iflra, ixo oiiepai^iE Koeiio ae MoryrE xoJiro opoxoji* 
saTBca n araarb pauiipi, aru saroBopuMiica ciiycTUff cboh ÉXBJm 
DO i^šbí on 1,500 AO 2,000 i lenepb 6ujh bi onasHie on 
moceajibBoi pftssiipi, Rotopaa DOCTOneHHO HasouHJiacb aporasi 
Bax^b. Obi o^ynmch b& tkbui. Obv bo BOjiyímaB o rpoBax^ 
Hlín peccypcarfc speABiBaro oónt^cna, oDBpaioauiroca na apB- 
exc«paiÍH> u Ba ((omnii BoarpenopB. 

BoBpocb iiapinsH Aovasan Kocmo bck> óeBycjioBByio Beo5xo* 
XBMOcn onpoBeprByib BieBory, Otfu^ co0paBÍe npB<5iEfluuiocb. 
KocBO coBÍTOfiajci cib rajK)má. Baaroxapfl aapamuMi oovreaBaro 
Hoiapijca fl pa8Jlfl9Bux^ areBtoBi, vepeai soTopuxi Kocmo npo 
BOAui CBOH onepaAÍH, bh'b yxajocb sa HtcsojibBO xmfi ao o6inaPa 
co6paBÍB sairibBBTb bbi^b BpexBraaro otfiuecTBa aa cyMuy xpex- 
nfam mbjuuobobi, xa bbiúb pasjBqBurb cBasaBAím cb bbmx boií- 
naBÍfi npB5jiB8BTejBBO aa nKjioTRe cyMMy, nflTBR)AecflTBH) MBjjrio^ 
VKMB Bi> peaiarb a /ipyrarB cojhabsxx ^^babxi. Cobcobx htb 
&m npexciaBjeai npeAt^AarejD a coeiry. Bapoay IIjyMy 'fo* 
HOM^ capBacTBHecBBMX npexioa(ajiB nq^ecnorpirB az%, ^6 offB a 
icaoiBBjrE. K%ero yxBBxeBÍi), iumOí CBeproBit Off& aa pasBepru- 
lan aa^ero aoAOBpaTenaaro ae aaxoxajrb. Bapoax BeAoyMtsajrB. 
OffB a ae aoxoBpbBan, bobotoo^ hto Bcb ara 4^axB saaiTti ak 
B^dbJBD, HO 250,000 ^p. saaja^eHO sa apeneasoe noASOBaBÍe 

IBB. 

Eor^a (SiecTBBiíil Měno cmíbcb BcaoMaaajrB o0% btomi aaa- 
sóxi, Kocmo o^obb uaxBOBpoaao sautTan: 

— 3to tiiua pacBOB&aaafl anjBa. Ho Bor^a airbeaiB m/í^o 
ch xK>MkíiB^ BOfopHo aanero ae cnfiK^m wh ^BaacoBott aayBft^ 
BpBxoxBTCB apaaBMaTB BO BaaMaaie ax*B B^eBornBom. 3aa& oaa 
B€» apaBA79 oaa aaBorxa 6u ae aoBaia aaanxit oaepaipt. ^ro 
neaevea xo Ibyiia, oai— oceň. Oai noryůmnůa Bce j^io. Te* 
B^B Bce vk aamaxi irjrBarB. Ham ^ommbu 6oiie cra aajuto- 
BOBB. 9epen B'6cboibbo aeK^n avB npaxeicB paeajutvaBarBca. 
A(tepam OTjB^ao aoaaAeTcal Hiai^i BlTaarqrB a mraarepiAOJisHH 
mm aa paBaaqy obojo bocbmb xajjrioaoBB, PetaccepB ceaB. 9to 
BbieBie sa Cexiai. Csopo ÓyxerB ipaypí bo bcíxs caaaroran. 
Mbi nétMMjn éwpewh wb joBymxy. Korxa m apoBoxem sto, mh 
~«apa HapuBcacril 6apsa. 

ík/k txoro MOBMora acao, iro orqaaBaHtt arpoBi ae sairb^ 
mn OBEBCBocní, saBJBráaBmeica vh ymacaorn aojioseaÍB, jto bo^ 
WfWk 0B% AOBon coraa mean caeByjUTopoB&^.. 

MiyiRB ffi-Vompé Bce ae aospasjajMa; ovb oraasaxcs otb 
'a|BRplpiexBcrBOBaaia bb cob^tí apexaTaaro oón^ecrea. Kocmo 



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978 BMTBm XBPOIIli. 

6ujn^ efiMBOVMcmo vuóp^wb ea ero Mtea. BapoH^ ILtym bb- 
men b8% xBpeBTqM)Bi9 eMy zotíjocb ptsuasaTb ee&k pyxi; ve- 
CMOTpfl HH Ha ^10 QB^b He AOBftpfln Mary, lan ovb HasEzsan 
BocMO. £apoH%> co ciotciBeHBOt eiiy ocMorpireyiBfioefuo, xase 
npBBan bíkotophb xípii, pacnpowui cbm aBI^H, ocfaBHBi ce6i 
TOJBBO 500; tpH MBJuioHa ^paBBOB-b jesajio y aero bo ^paBiiys- 
CROMi 6BMwb — na eMKiů CAynaA. B% oaho apeiiB Cb bbitb ona- 
saicfl on ABpeiTopcTBa b sbasb BaxraBapi no coB&iy, soropst 
paBBBJCfl DpBBasaBiK), cBoero óyjiyiivtro lecxa ^BH^axM. Měna cm- 
pBBa ocyn^ecTBujaiB, lOHk ero 6uja HeBicTott rhhba, iiparoroBje- 
Hía Kb TopsecTBy tipasocowraBia x^babcl v% cairan qMtBjúoe- 
hhx:e pasM^pan. 

06iiiee co<$paBÍe 6iuo TopasecTBOirB Kocmo, ho oho <$fiuo 
T^BBce B TopsecTBOiTB MapBBBu. Ofla He Morjia BOsxepaaorBCB, ^to6u 
He DOATpyeaib h^ax 6apofiOMi>. 

— BBABTe iB,— -roBopBja ona,— aaBoft bu nyApei^. Bsioék- 
BBBu B8BBHBTBCB HcpeA^b rucooAHHoiiii KocMO. DoAoeplbHÚi Banu 

OBBBaJBCB HeOCHOBaxeJBHIUIB. 

— QoRbpBie jiB, HTo fl H Teaepjb bi btomi ne yftk]iAefl'B. 

— ÁThf — cb AOcaAofi nporoBopBja ona, — bh tiesBaAesHO 
tfpeAyti^bjLAeHii. Xopomo, ^to bu yxoABxe. IIpasHaliecB, nin m 
lyn AOcaAH cuMaro wjOBtbaa na npeo6jaAaH^ cBiuffbfiniani? 

£apoB'b ne^ajBHO BsraaHyai^ aa Hee. 

— Heya&ejfl a^o aodi^o ao xoro, — caauuik 0B'b tb^bm-b, 

BSBOJIBOBaHflUlil FOJIOCOII^B, — 1X0 BU, MapBBBa, He HaZOABie ŮQJLie 

CMroopiaTBaro o6ucBCHifl MoeMy hob^aobíh)? HsKtkriBO ih bbitb, 
vto wb Bxy caujfB) HBByxy aa 6Bps'b nionoioiii nq^aBraca crpaa- 
Hiia bI^ctb? EocBio npBsaai cDeByaaTopoBii wb cifta'k Hii^ ae 
aepecBOVBTB 4epe$% aee. «3fjui bbxi eAaaciaeaBiitt buzo^b b^- 
ayTBca bchbtb, pactoOYaBi ero aorana. Obu eny AO^asau aeno- 
paexa MBuiiofiOKB. %r69 ecjia obb ae b% CBjax'B saojainTB? A 
Basi BBi Ayaaere, cboibko au aojbíbíi? Hbbto Bioro ue saaen 
spoirb KocMOi ecjB owb asaerbl 

B% Biy MBByty BomejiiB Aavyaaib; oai 6iui BBBOiaoBaai, oe 
nozosii aa ce6i. 

— MapaBSBý — caaaaďB oai», — a toibbo-vo eib tiapaw. Taiis 
crpamnoe BOiBeale. AaAa.iydCBO-BBAÍllcail 6aBft'B aaipyaflaeDca ai 
Hjai:e8az'B. Aa^ia yMiia aa aoceiucoixB ^paaaoB!B. Ha aazrB atn 
aBBaaoro cajioca. 3io AOAmao aorpacia BpeAauoe ofia^eeno. Caíb- 
Ayen» osbabtb daaiareiBaaro noaBBteHÍa««. 

— Sbbk),— aepetejia aapaBsa, — r. Kocao 6um% wbth. Obb 



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tUlHCOBIil FHHiPB. 279 

uB/b Bce O0MCBIÍ JI. 9x0 TMBKO BpeMeHHoe saipy^Heflie. Ohi npH- 
Huiaen cbob Mipii. & Aftift eny ie)si» Ha ^paHivyserift OsMBíb. 

— QeiTb Ha ^^HityscBiS 6aaKb»— BOCBJtHJuyasAHTjaHi, bhí( 
oefis.— fla caojBBO? 

— Ha ABa MHuioHa. 

— Bose, Bil pasopeHH,— BCBpHHajTb Afiryasb.— HBBftcxBOdiH 
UM%j HTO 9rB XBa lULMÍraa— Bce samé AOCKNimey bh£ xpexHi- 
aaro oÓn^eciBa? 

— %o«b Bn aioro? y aaci ociaK>Tca namH aaiQiH. F. Rocmo 
oeroxHji se nonuerb ffiom mhjuíoiokb vh Ma^psA^ aHAajyscBOMy 
(íftHKy; Bce otfoiAerca 64iaronoayiHo. 

— rjynari>! — BHpBaJocb y BsÓtmeHuaro IIiyMa. — ^Eiiy no- 
BaAofiHTCfl Bcasifl caniHMi, saicofi oh'& Hacapefien, ttoÓh bi» Ha- 
pisi-TO paenyraTiiea. BAiorb, Beroxal, njyrbl 

— Tflme, 6apoHi| — nporoBopnja MapsHsa^ BeiaBaa h BuapflM- 
lucb. — r. EocMO — Mofi Apyn. Bii cjiamBom MHoro ceói noB- 
BouKie... 

Iljyirb no6jixB^ii ryóu ero sbapobulib. 

— npocTBTe,— npooienfaá^ obi, — a cob^^ími^ paciepfljca. 
Ofla 6pocHjacB aa ciyj^b b noAHecja pyay bo a6y. 

— Bu — MysuHU, B CMyH^tere mcba, — roBOpHJia ohb. — Bbhs 
€JÍAOBajo 6u Óhtth Moe& onopott, mohmb coBftTflBsaBB, a bu — 
BOi caMHe aaecTOsie bpbtbbb! 

— HanpoTBB%,— CBasaiii Ujíyu%, pimaacb Bsaib ea pysy b 
r(^9o ee DOsmiaB. — Mii — Bama cjyrB, Bama B^pBue pa6u. Eahh- 
OBMBoe name seiaflie cjyjuiTb aam, cnactB aaci. 

— Oaa 8T0 BHaia. 

— BirflTe, — cBasaja oaa, oópao^aacb Kh ABryasy: — ompaB- 
JiMiecb na Óapsy b npeAOcraBbTe usb OAHott cnpaBBTbca ci ^ibm^. 
MapsBB^ ciBfflBOMi 6oieB%j moósi saHBiiaTbca A^aHB. %o mhš 
6suo fíkkknS r. KocMO b r. rajtanaá sx^Cb, a ůewb Bacb uwb 
Be cb B&iTb 6uM nooosiiOBaTbCfl MpoiA atf(ÍaTa. 

— MapBBsa, — caasaji ÁHryaffb, — HeotfxoAHMO A^fiCTBOBarb 
pifliBTejbHO. HaAO e^uci npoAaxb ^Acn» Bamasb asiUfi. Mu 
AOimHu 6iiTb roiOBU aa bcbbíb ciy^afiBocra. PaspšaiaeTe jb bu 
Bii, ecjB BOSMoasBO, npoAaTb Aocwiouoe boib^bctbo taa^Řj vto6u 
MMiCTBIb BBBTyB) B81» tfaHBa cyMMy? 

*— MapBBsa, — uoAA^psan ero Uáyyťb^ — ynojaB) Bacb opa- 
iiEb BTon cobít^ AfliyaHa. 

— Ho 8T0 ae wctho! & TOibso-^Mio AEia Asa aa^jioHa a^b 
BtmipsaBÍB aamero xpeABia, a bu npeAJiaraeie mh^ HaBOAHarb 
VBBWb Bamaiia CyaaraMB? 



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280 BMfim lUNHBQB. 

— II0C10ĚX69 — CBEsajii ÓtLpowhy vh roiOBi xoToparo fijecHyja 
c^acuiiBiui MiícjK— Bwpa neaa npiaTei^ capamiiBai^ h6 AMtasy 
3H SL ony Ha ABft CB noioBHHofi MJUiíoBa araxi ij^hxqr^ soto- 
p^e eiiy HysHU a*!^ yiuaiu no sauio^eHuuMi yjse BosrpasiaH^. 
dro ysrb sací hhobmbbo ne csoMnpolfecHpyerb. Mojsere opocro 
Aaii> BX'B eiiy Bsaliui, ecjiH sejieie. 

noc&i leraaro Boieteida ona yciyuja, Bacaopo Aaia A^myaay 
AOB^peHHOCTb na noiy^eHÍe h npoAasy éyícarb, h Bcsopt Ae-aaŤym 
H njyii^b 6iLUi Ha yjHi^ h majjicb bo bod npuis b% ÝpaHAys- 
cBÍtt (SaHKii rjii zpaHHJUiCb ^hau Mapaua. 

— Rto lasofi Bami npiareA, aoTopoiiy bi fMmoe Bpeiu 
npHaAo6tfjacb Taaaa opoiiaciB HneHHO ^rax^b 6jmm%í —capocBA^h 
AfliyaHi tfapoHa. 

ToTB BCHuzHyj^b. Ohh sarjuiHyjui bi raasa xpyn xpyry. 
ABTyaffB npoxflayA pyay h apftiiao csaii pyay CBoero cayx- 
Basa. 

— Bii — BCTBHHufi apacToapan, — caaBBďB obi, — apacioiqMai 
no Ayjxii^ no cepAAy. 

— nojBOTe,— caasan Óaposb. — MbjíiI AHryasi, Bce 910 
BQAopi. PasBi a ho nosepiBOBajii 611 sasuio, hto6h BdÓaaBU 
ee OTh MBByTBaro crpiuftBÚi? noBUBATecb msb Bamefl cobíctbd, 
1T0 BBBorxa ae csaseie efi, 910 a axo cx^aai. 

— EiíflBycb!— BOcaaHBByxb rjiy6oao-pacTporaHHat ÁBxyavb. 

— GrofiTe, — BCBpB^aá'B Óapoai.— Uairb eqe paao ixaT& bo 
ýpaHiQrscaifi 6aBBi. Y Mesa tbmx jesarb xpa najiioBa a eciH a 
nepeBexy jieabra npflMO aa aiia Mapaasa, od% btomi moi^tb ysnai:^ 
no^ACMie B^b niaicno. TenepB poBBo OABBHafflaib lacoBi. Mu 
laii^b saciaBaMi crapaaa ^BsaBAbe sa sasrpaBOMi* Ob% AOiseai 

MHÍ 8TO yM/JATb. 

Ohh x&ficiaaxejibHO sacnua ^BHaHcacia sa CToaoai. Oai 
ynacuB&ii MOJBarb MopcBHXE paBOBi ke osaxafliH gasrpasa. 
OrpaniHoe BoiHeme i^apajio bo BceMi paioai ((apsH, bo Bcšaa 
cafés, y maiiao. Kjiuiua xojnu MysuH!b a seHn^aas óonajta, 
BpH^aiH, pasMazBBajB pysaiuiy amie naaaajBé EdBonviaH cxowuM 
ci Bos&n a noAHHuajBCb no xbatBBuíb^ sanpaBjaacb bi^ rajaepefti 
Bi noroHB) sa cŠAOaaiCB, aoropue, noMuniacs o6o\elt ipesori, 
BucaaBBBajB mn BBunasefi h y&bvuBj noBatfuBoui aaoiaTatE. Y 
niaMno 6oAhme pasroaapHBajia, ^lan tia. Ot% apenesa xo Bpe- 
HeHH nocjaHHiii no^xo^aji ai aaBOMy^HBÓyxb aBsteraoiíy MaB- 
jiepy, menmii eny cjobb abb b tfiierpo y^ajujca. Miiorie asi 
BTBzx MaajiepoBi, nocai Taaoro nocimiema, leraBaja, ne npBBOC- 



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MBiflCOBHt PmCiřB. 281 

lyBiua Wh ^k/íkj H yxoxHjfl dtixBue, BcrpeBoseHHiie. OxHSb 
IwMffie ciixitírE cwepmeaHo cnoKoiHO. 

Umjm h ÁHiyaHi, ao yseft soiopn^b AOJierkxo MHoro bjo- 
iiifl(irL cjon, yewpuH inarB. 

^HftHAM noxujca EWb Ha-Bcrp&ny. 

— A, tiapoffB, Bu 8A'icL? CvacTbe^ ^o bii leaepB He vh ucíi 
ffpeiTOfon saTMHBO-KpeAHTHaro oówjecsBtk. CjnimajiH? Aai^ifl 
yiouH Ha 650, ai Be^epy ynaxyn na Tiiea^y. Bspsa tohho box* 
Hyvqeecfl iiope« Ummi^ EapacB, THii6aaB, Bcb HeoociaatejBHH. 
Toho CBtTonpeeraBjesie— BceMipnaa jiHKBBxaiitu. OaxiirecB, roc- 
noxiy noeasTpaiaeifB. 

— HsBHHBie^ r. ^BHaHXBe,— ciasajTB ÓapoHi, — a^o Hame 
cniiDHoe. CBA^ie h hosbojbio mhí ofiiacHHiB ero Bani. 

H ILiym bi híoioiiuhxi ciosaxi pascaasaii, vh Heu% kíao. 

— ^%M0 acBoe! — ^BOcuHanyn ciapfln.-^He Mosen me nap- 
nsa cTpaxaTB Bsi-sa inoro BraiBaHCBaro HeroAsa— Kocmo. Map- 
Bm— cBaiaji, aereirb. Osa 6uja AOÓpa, aasb iia», si Moefi Ma* 
leHBBoft CecuB« Focnoxa, a coBepmeHHO bi aameMi pacnopise* 
Hii. ?io Bam yroABcř TpH MUJrioHa? natb? xecarb? Xotb 6b Jl^i- 
BaHXM npBDuocB aajosHTb cboí orejiB vh Pare Manceaux— npE- 
nuBatre. ^x^t^ bk noBBOynre uwb, 6apoai, eaHOMy yjiaxiTB 
m. Csoptil, rocBOxa, eiopit, xpa leiBepiH xB^oaxiviTaro, (Jansi 
sanpyn* 

Dpi^zEBTE vh <$aHn, A^HaHXBe buxui neai aa xBa ci nojio- 
BoxA MHxnofla a saópaiob aaitia. Oai aiy 6imh nepetf^BU no 
qkii, imMiBiDelt HasaByni^ 3,350 $p. ÁBryasi aroHy npotB- 
Bucfl, HO ÓapoHi Hacioaji. IIotoui Mesxy HOJioxuirB apBCiOBpa- 
itm B cmpiua ^BHaHcacToiTb Bommeb 6oJBmofi cnopib, Basffit 
xoiin, ito<(b ony oxBOMy 6{ua npexociaBdie&a vecTB cnacTB Map- 
nq^. Bapofli npBHeci seio cyiiMy, cao^aa, bi OBieraxi b coBaxi 
ee lÍBHaiixM. Ton ae fipaix. HaBOHeiCb ÁBiyavB, He Oess BOJia- 
^*^ ^7Xft> noMBpan Bxit, y(H^xaBx pasxiJiHTB Mesxy co($oh) no- 
ptuy ary leen; Ha tohi b nopImHJB. 

— A TenepB, rocnoxa, — caasan JI^BHaBxw, — a oobte na 
tiqMqr. Bob on ffiwvtB a Bopny vepesrs Hicaonao nacovb. Gmo- 
^Bie, r. AKvyani, bb cjom MapBBst, eamnHre: hh cíobb. Saaa- 
neor-OBii BOBMaxB AHiyaay repByoEecoBCBÍt ByiaBi— TaiPB yarb 
le BonaxaBrecB mhí. Abiph otb Bynajn Maaiepi MapravB, no* 
OHiei^ Xbbo, ByiepB, HBWfo, a jeroH&Bifi!— a cxapBnpacxo- 
wuei aaiRK eoticTBOBHOt Hiyrouofi^. 

Ba jq^rot tfia Eoeao ne aasjíca bi orejb xe-Pompe. IlapasB 



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282 BMTHIftl UFOffli. 

6uxL Kh BMHemi. AR^ia spexníHaro odaificrM ynaiB sa 1200 ^p., 
capocy Ha hhxi hb 6tuo HHKasoro. Awajm m oÓuraipH HiaiuH* 
cioft asejisHot xopora mosso 6um 6y csjnwrbf ecjufe BamjucB 
noBynaieiH, ho^th no HOMHHajLHott njtm^. Éocmo san oeperoBqtti 
n rkuE caMiiMH espeaMH, BoiapurE cotfapajoa (juio cvepecB cb 

JIHIia 86MJH... 

Tiwb He xenie OH!b eo^e HanAcaa^b Mapaiaft sarnoy, jůimr 
xaa ee nyauiTbCfl, npocfl HaaHcaxb Bcim j^suics, yBipaiit vio 
A^AO en^e ae nponajo. SaoHCsy aiy ona, exBa D^otibsas^b, (^ 
oua Ha cnuiB^ bi yrjiy BOMHara 6ojiBHorOk 

Ilepexi ceneBHaiťB ropeni ho^xIah^h Bdb BaftamijiipeBori. 
HaKOHei]t% Be^epom ee^ coBepmeHHo HeosHfftHao, npH8BaxH n 
nocrejra iiysa. 

Ohi BSTUHyn na nee, yanajii, nofliiTajcfl m&ĚeAhayrh py- 
BOH), HO Bou yse tiojt^ He BJiacTBOBaja navt anuii cn^iuii 
itaoHi, nonuTajica meBettHyib ryóaiu, »> SBy^b saneps. Tiícb 
HO MOHie coBHanie esofi ero se ocraBHio, on nero ho Morji 
cspuTb TOPO, mtb npOHCxoAHM. Ohi uTai'b raseru a ipesosucA; 
HaBOHe^E OHI nocuau sa ÁHryanoici, paacnpocaji ero a— ysaan 
BOK) acraay. Om» ne 6iuib Hankám, ho qpaBHareABBO cb npes- 
HHMS ÓoraTHMi aapsagoMi ^-Pooípé opesparajci vh cBpoaaaro 
rentíer. BojubHofi co6paas noci^XHia cajui a Banycmicx aa cbo- 
ero ceBpempa: 

— He Bani ja a Aoaipafb Moe eocioame?— coaopaxB ohb.— 
Heroxafty Tpycji! Bací, B^poarno, noxBynaxb eron xuboxe Kocao. 
Jlfi^ SL OTja^ao noflaMaio. £L oonaio, iro au aaatoua caoe aai- 
aie Bi> ABaAitaTb neiape naca. 

Ob TasBaifi ^yacsBOMi aa cepjw& Bumejro AflTyaKb hte bom- 
aani (kubaoro, a acaopt oqyiajca aa yjam6. Obs» cairb ae Baan, 
Byxa a^era^ ae orjiflABBajcfl> ho^th ae wěAhsltl npoxosaxb. 
Sb^Au apao ciajia aa^ rojOBOl, ao ae Asfl aero. Oob na^ero 
ae cosaaBau. Eay Bcnonaajiaob ciOBa (iápeaa: ^Ovacibe a leob 
xe*Fompé bi» Bamaxb pysaxi. Ea ^ecib a ea cttCfbe>. j[|,a, oai 
CJiamBOMi zopooM axrb noiiHan. 

Ob% gamen b% Café Voisin, swasai^b ctíSik aBHOBaaaiift cáiKh 
eb jy^maiia BaaaiiB a BafiorjBBO oficyxurb Meaat Kponi aeoíStfi- 
aaro (íiecaa b% raasaxit, ai^ Heii% ne BaniwMCb aawro oco- 
(Seaaaro. 

FapcoBu B'b TaBBX'b pecTOpaaan o^eab ciribTJiaatt. Ohb BaaiH 
ceapeiapa Mapaasa Ae-Pompé a monoroieb Hepenmtpaaaiacb. 

— FoBopan, Pompé oorepaja Tpamaxb ]iajuiofiOB!b| a ceape- 
lapb-TO ofiijiaerb xoqao npaai^x! 



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— fijk eiiy^-w lasoe x£jo! Ob% o c0(% iio8a6<miJH». Oai 

BHIIHA 10^, BHOlXb BOH&flRy, BiOypBJE^ (JOJfcBQrB) CHCapj. BiUO 

onuo A^cjiTs ttcon, sorxa oob BcrajrB k capocium OBoe nuBTO. 
Hn pecropasa oh% sainejirB b% aoiesy na Boie de la paú h cnpo- 
(Mik ucpo^pny. AnieupB tfiui ssaioiiui. 

— y Meu 6oM«Fb 8y6a, — cutan AHiyan, xepasacB sa 
qesyi— zóny Haieperb hmi x^chíi. 

— Byxbie oveHJb CNer^osmi, r. A6*JKa Fyin. He Borpaie 
euffliom HBoro. 

— He fioAiec^. Hxo bii HasuBaeie cjmimoM mh&ícIÍ ^afinyio 

\ — nomuyftie, xa nalfBaa Mmxok na wbcA 6u Bac& ytís^a. 
Offb WBwru^B aa xjopo^KipMi, noJioauurB ero wh BapnaH^^ 
mypui nairapocy. Ob^ Haapaeiues b& Ilajie-FMJiio, o6orHysi 
ijMíMfM^ Ha Boiopiirb TOJinuiHCb BCiaiejH yAOBoncrBÍt. 

— 3<|eice^uu,'— roBopHjn^ off& ce6<6 yjiii6aaGi»,--roxiu» npa- 
loxin, xpyrofi yxo/nm. Ceroxu uu cb Bioierratt yzoxHMi. 
3iBrpa M^eia Haou 6yxyn saHiiTsi apsttomh 6eayMpaifH. Kxo no- 
lipm, ito6h ajsí BoÍz% axan Jiwft cyniecTBOBajio nm^EAŮyf.h 
vfOíA sparsoBpeMeHHOĚ asasaH h yfiH^Toaseaifl! flfik oho h xopomo. 
BciBaa xpyraa leopía x^Aaen apo6<aeMy sepaspioíHiiofi^ 

I Bce tfujo BoneHO. Ilaroxa an nanbe-namé pyzayjia. Pa- 
I M^peiie opoBiBio B% mca^K ceiiei, ropě a OTwaBÍe efiHJiH ce&b 
mfaxo vh annunh TWín% cq^xeiti. 

QiejB xe-Pompé ae ůan n pysax^ IIOu^iH, ÓiaroAapa 
Ilipiy, AaHaHAbe a msottaoify ÁHTyaHy. Ho vh aeirb i^apaiH 
iTcmra a ÓcaifOdiBie. Hexaaao m% aero BUHecjui tím Mapsasa. 
OoiopcHH 6fiLiH capojfHiu. TojibBO HÍCBOj[i»Bo xpysefi iiynuai 
eáiKOBaia aa rpofionA, xa xpa 6jrlxaua seHfl(BHH» acapBaaa, Ce- 
tta, ropTema. 

Mapnraa yjda^uacb n uoBšásmpb Saoró^Coeiir, ho ona ae 
colSipaaae& BpaaanaTB nocrpaaieBiji. 

ŠpMi «a cti^aro xgf^^y ropieaaiB Patuiy saxB sea) vh sta 
HpBHe xn BHMEroaHHO (kuýrrBOBam xpyrofi xpyn* Ob hhitb 
Ofla coBÍTOBajucB o(k> Bcei», ohi iq^aHaxB aa ce6a BCfb pacHo- 
pn^ia. Oai noiynajrb noiHy«> xoBftpe&HOCTb Ha ynpaBJíeHie 
oatrBaMB ea cocioama vh leneHie &Toro roxa, Boropufi oaa xajia 
€601 eiOBo npoBecTH vb yexHHeHÍH. 



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264 BMivm mom. 

Bl yípo TOTO KBMj tW» OHS XOJUBBt (buE ocntBBn oieib, 
HTOÓhi ixaib Bi ÁHsepi ofli o^hob npaoiejťb ee opoBoxiTb. Ciyrs, 
M Hcun^eiiem es ropnwot » npHBjMmuoa, mm^hí 6po- 
Aus no onycrbMMy xcMcy, svrioiMUi enuraui i cnycsu onq«, 
Bcšn pacBycmjH. dranasi ero aBxu% y XMpeti mí^ xoxsHa 
<$Hja ixiTB Ha cTiB^iiD OAHE. Teoepb ona, n CBoeiis TpaypHon 
iLiaTBi CB AJiHHHuir^ oimiBjTuwh BĚMK^ ujtoevb^ cax^a n 
tfyxyap^ rxi i^eniOBaM nojHiril, Bcei*xa npeAmeerBynopl on- 
^xy tfeanopflxoKi. 

~ Apyrs MOĚ>— csasaja oaa, opotaraBafl eiiy pyBy:--HairB 
ocraercfl tojuo h^^cboibso iiHnyrL xu npco^amii. IIpesAe lin 
a yifijy ^m6y mnorxa) nošen Óvthj (kuAe ch Bána h6 Bcrpi- 
TBTBca, cxasHie, hto bu Měna npocrajH. 

— Mf^BAsa, — caasaji obi nnirB roiocoMi, ae buvjcsm 
esí pysH HBi cBoefi, — HstfaBbTe mobi on onixi MBaKni, bii hi- 
Korxa se uovjol cf/bjíSLn bhwfo aediaropoxBaro. 

— nepecTarate, — caasaia oaa vjjCom BSBOJiaoBanoui, ci 
rja3aiiv> nojHUHi cjiea^.— AaeacaHxpi, bs bojoioí xpyn> bh, i 
BII oxHu Bi leveHÍe ann ysaeauxx Hex^&n, cnaeji mobh on 
nojiHaro onaaflia. BoonoMiHaBÍe o&b dttom nociysan mhí yri- 
meaieirB wh naco iioero oxaao^ecTBa, noxa iioe acxyiueHie ae 
BcnojHBTCfly BII ae iiosere nojiyuTb on Moax asBŠcryii ho ko* 
BipbTe, ^iTO Maprapara xe-Pompé aaaorxa ae 8a6yxer:b xotfpots i 
npexaHHOcra CBoero ayqmaro xpyra. 

— Jl(pyral— ^BocBjaKHya'^ ďapoHs. 

— Paxa Meaa a aaci caMaxi, Hawro ne npadaaiaflre. Exaa- 
ciBeHBUfl BOBMosHua x^x Meaa ^ijrBCTBa^^fyacTBa CBop6a a yai- 
wmraia. B% mmrb caAHua xyma notepnaKyn eiiaBy, a cjafiHx— 
caxy. ^epen roxiB mu, icoanen 6ufh BcrptotMca a lorxa bii, (ten 
Mosen, aaixere bo ubí Óojite CMapeaayH), ho xymyx) aceHB^iqr. 
IIponvÁre! 

Ona aaspiua Jn^o nxaraojrb, oh% eieraa npaaocHyjcx rytiaxi 
Kh ea pyxi, Bcrajii a npomejcfl no xianaoify pixy rocnumxs. 
Ha Jiai^ ero otpasajoe^ BoiHeaie, ho rjasa ropftaa. Korxa oba 
conua BaavL cb onyn^eHHiiMi aa xai^o rycram Byaxem, oai 
nocaxa4'& ee vk aapeiy; xomaxa yse roiOBB texa ipoaynca, ob» 
Ha oxao MraoieHÍe npaaoxffiua ayaxfc h ho exBxaxa, ao toiubo 
no xBaseaíx) fytífh ero ynuMua, no oh% roaopan eS: 

— Jífl CBaxaflia, Maprapara! 



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«IIáH0OBIit fHlUř&. 285 

Bi Bewpi Toro se xu Kocmo mejn irbioMirb bo aosxh), 
u cMAaflie ch Eonjiycowh. BopoTBHrb ero najBia 6um% hoa- 
Hm, eache*iiez xo oojobhhu saspiiBajii eMy jhi^o, Hiuiia (Siua 
B^raByra he canue rjasa. FojiOBa (tyja samra hobhiíh BiaHaMH; 
sMfiTOCUfl, cnuuaa narypa niajiMHAa caaaiiBaMca ffuse a 
n rat crpanmia MBByiii. 

Offb Ao6pajca xo sflaBOMaro Aona, na yáwni BHBoro ae 6um. 
Bbio fM&e xeciTB wco», najeBucaa aauna 6iua nojyoTBo- 
peaa, im% ToiKsyji ee b aouien. Cu6bř csbrh bbab&»» wn 
WBá BOMHaiBB npHBpaxflflBa. Ha jŠGTflBi^']^ oroBL ÓujTb BorameBi. 
On cuJMan xpa mara. 

— Sto Bxen?— nocjlumajcfl roioci r-sa FiojiairB. 

— 9to a, EocBO. Vlxy ai r. rajiomi. ^aĚre mb'& oraa. 
Ha24a, ociopoxBO npocaoiBSByja osa sa ero cnaaoS, sanejua 

uiiny fl TBzo nosBaJUc — ^OBaci! 

iep^fTB MrflOBeflie, apea^xe ^^mi Kocmo ycn^lji BCRpHBByxB) 
cuuua pyxfl sroft seanpiBH oÓbbjbcb Boapyn ero mea, npa- 
BpaiHiKb Biid&Bajii B8i CBOCĚ BOMHaTBB, ÓjecHyji HOaCB B... Bce 

6U0 KOB^eHO. 

TeBBaa ^arypa jesaja BenoxBBSBO, hm'b flex) cicala ses- 
maa CL jBAOMi Merepn, a bsi aoifBaTBB npBBpaiBBaa cjtania- 
na saysB cspHiiaB. Ilpomeji ^aci, iiysnaa npoxojuaaaacb, bc- 
noíHiiejB DOzoxBJ^B Ba OAepsBMaro. EpacBHMB BocsajieBBiuiB 
uasaMB OBI cMOTpftai axan b, BasajocB, BBvero bo bbx&cb, a 
sByjui fice jiMiECh. 9to Óhjte ctobx, noxopoBBuft fbbbi, xasas 
nicHL TopsecTBa. 

IIoCJUBiaJICB rpOMBÍft, BOBeJIBT&IBBUfi CiyBB B% BaaBTKy. SReE' 

opua oixepHyaa sacoai, BOBasajflCb ^^ypassa saBxapMOBi. 

— ?To wo sa mym? ^to bh ax*CB xiaaere? 
~ BotxBTe,— cnoaollBO otbítbjui oaa. 

Ohh BomjB B yBBX^B pacBpocrepiyK) ýarypy. 

— Obi yiiepii — CBasaj'^ oxBBrB mh saBxapaoBi, BaaaoBHacB 

HaX^ flCK). 

CypoBafl yjHtfaa MeasaByja aa jaiit seBo^BBii. 

SaHxapiTB BomeJi b% BOMBaTBy npBBpaiBBBa b noaoaBBJíi 
eiiy pysy aa njie^o. Tmjiwh nepecTaji srparB. CapiinBa ero cb 
phinrE cryBOMi yna^a aa noiii. Obi» oÓpaTan b'b aaaBxapMy 
CBHpinoe jBi^o, noRpiiToe botomx. 

'^ KtO OTO? 

SaHxapai bbbbomi ro-iOBu aa xsepB yBasuBa^i aa rbjío. 
~ r. Kocmo. 



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286 Btmmi bbfoiib. 

— KoeMO, ^UHCHcn, bh ero ytfui? 

FniOTB TOIBIO SIBHyjl Wh OTB^. 

— 3a iTO? 

— 3a HTO? — noiiopHa% ob^ Boanaai. - Oh% paaopKrb 
iieHii, padofin ee, r. rajiomi, Mapusa h naposy xe*PoHpé, 
pasopui tucích Oifflurh jnxet. Ohi noiy^nui mnio to, ^to 
saeaywLTB. 

— Aa, --tKasaja SMoqnM eo xaopa xomahbms, cmmyieiiirB, 
TBepxHm n>jK)com:— OBI noiyvus toi&bo to, ht6 aaciysurb. . 

O. n. 



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Google 



B^ BEHEmn 



I. 

MOCT^ BS^OXOB^. 

noxs MOCTom Bsxoxon nponjniBaia 
roBxoja noBXHex) nopoB 
H vh 6A]íM0Wh cyMpart saHUia 
PasxyMBe objexíjo xhoS. 

Sanixi TaHHCTBeHHOK) cíhbio 

3n1an TaEoft sjíOB^ii^eB i%nv> 
UoKh 9TH]rfc MOCTOtrB oóxaeri? 
RaRi MHoro bbaoxofb h creHamB, 
JUfiJUíBO 6mb^ F& npeasHÍe roxa 

GjfHXaJIH CT%HH 9TÍITB 8jiaHÍ8 

H 8Ta Myrnafl Boxa! 
MorjiE-6% novixaTB '8th cdoxu^ 
RaiTB FB XBv rjiy6oso8 crapaHu, 
BoBajio, orjiainajiHCB boxu 
Ilaxenem li^ja ci BunniHu; 
H BOJB^^ H BpeMeHH Teqene 
Gn^niHJio tím yHecrn: — 

To 61IJH SepTBH OTOMO^HUI 

GoB^Ta Tpexi n xecare... 

Ho HO 6OJIT.IHBU CTÍB*B BaiieHui, 

He pasroBopHHBa Boxa^ 

H jiHnn Bi oxnoMi BOOÓpaseHBH 

BcraDTi MHHyBniie roxa. 



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288 raCTEVKl IBPOBBl. 

EesMOJBHa MpaMopHafl apKa, 
BesMOJBeHi cyiipaqHiiB BaHaars... 
KpiuaTHfi jíevh CBnioro Mapxa 
Chomi bísobíhhbimi sa^peican. 



n. 



4c 
♦ 4c 



nOMHHIDB, nOpOK) HOHBOK) 

Hama roHAOja luuja, 
Mh jio(k)BaucB jiyHOK), 
BcnjecBam BSHMaa Becn. 

noMflmUy tfeaMOJBflo xpenaia 
Tbzhmi Befleipa choite, 
Bi coHEBfl BOXU saflaia 
3Bt8Aii rjux&ucb Bpyrom. 

Mbmo oajam^o mh xosei, 
Mbmo BMiweTni KoaoHffb 
Iljujifl ch TofioK)... o, Boxe, 
?T0 sa Hapyion^l cowhl 

HcBpHJBeb BOJBu jaryHy... 
Fjrb-TO vb xaiH rMy6oft 
IIjiaRaJB H^Hua crpysn, 
U^jTb roHxonepi mojioxoĚi — 

Di^jEi ofl'B opo Hibcflipb, npo Mope, 
Úpo T0Jiy6yv> sojiay, 
Otjii npo óiaseHCTBO b ropa, 
n npo imÚOBhy B BecBy. 

^BBBaa nik^b uaatBaja 
Fpesu 6aaseBB0tt jk)6bb, 
6i xymy ona npoBBBaia, 
OrpacTB passBitua m spoBB... 



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nammi. 289 



nOMHHniB, nOpOD HOHHOK) 

Thzo roHxoja njraja, 
Mu j]0(k>BajracB ijuojo... 
O, HTO sa HoiB-TO ÓHja! 



m. 

BAPKAPOJIJA. 

IIjhbh, Moa roHxoxa, 

Oďapena jjhoí, 

Pad^fics <$apBi4M>ua 

Haxi COHHOK) BOlHOfi. 

Hacrpoena rarapa; 

O, Kpyrb, fl FB ^ecTB tbod 
Bcero seiiHoro mapa 

Bdb iriteHH nponoK)! 
Cmotph, ysx Ba UhmjjfirA 

noTymeHU oniH, 
I IIps apsom lyHHOMi cbítI 

; Grb TO($OK) Mil OAHH. 

I SaMOJUH cepeHaAu 

H cxaBBH 8anepTii, 
I CpexH HOHHOfi npouaxu 

I He cnHifi jHiDB fl| xa th. 

i Jífi Mffl HexMeao, 

Mu ÓHcrpo AoiuEiBeirb; 
Taifb Hope Tasí niHpoBO 
I PacBHHyjocB BpyroiTB; 

Tam Micai^ bojhh ikK^htí: 

CMOipi, Basi Ch BUmBHH 

JlynaMH owh rojiyČETB 

MopcBÍB rjtyfiBBH. 
TaifB, Bx rojyÓOMx npocropi, 

Bi jiasopesofi aíub 
SaÓyxen mu arope, 

H (Síacxbíb seMJifl — 
IlycBafl BByBí noi^šjyfl 

noACjymaen BOJBa, 

H BBBl Te(b lK>6lK> B, 

IlyaB noxmxHn ^ysa! 

!ldp& T.p-CuT4Bn 188B. 1!) 



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990 BMnOBPi BPODH. 

IV. 
HAAHHCB K^B KAPTHH*. 

Oh SaKOK) SpOlOCTBK) H CBOpÓBK) H&KHOfi 

npeucraa BSHpaerB ch noiOTHat 

Ras'& tfH npex^jBCTByerb Osa. 

Ki rpyxH Ohs Mjaxeepa npnuoíaen 

H HiTb jiK)6yeicfl, o Hem rpycni — 

Ean Bon, Osb BBopon vlnocn npoHHi^aen 

H (íessatfoTeMi, xan x^ra. 



V. 



GsojiBSHja roHxoja moi Haxi bojhoI 

MopcBoro nrapoBaro Jiosa... 
SaxaTa HajHHOBuS xpph naxo MHot 

PyMflHHJTb jrasypb He(k>cuoHa. 

^MiysHue, csepxy, psmu o&iaBon 
Fjjgt&niCB Bi cnMoiHoe Mope 

n cjnimajica 6ot OTxajieHHux^E lacosi, 
TepflflCB n ({e86p6XH0ir& npociopi. 

HejaHiem cjaxccTHHm, H&BHoft tocboí 

^ma HBHHBaia h lurtn: 
XoT&iocfl cjiHTBCJi Ch BOjnTOt rojy($oi, 

JleiŠTB Biune He(Sa npox^ba^ 

XoT&iocb yracHyTB sxa Jiyn sojiorot, 
SaciEiTBy san rb dsysi n npocTOpi, 

XartiocL o(Snuah HenaciiTBOl xynioi 
Bce He6o h ptioe Mope! 

K. 

1882. 



■ oo Ma a» 



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SAEHCKH O CHBHPH 



I — OXOTA HA BPOJÍJirí. 

Bmoríii, TTOÓH pacRpuTL tsřbj ^ejios^^ecioB soBfiH, o6pa- 
TuacB Ki HsyqeHÍH) Hii8mHX'& sHBOTHm'B opraninifOVB b tojibbo 
Torxft nojy^ua npaBHJBHjD Tovsy onipaBieHÍfl; coi^annaa HayKS 
10IBBO TOTxa craia na Hors, Ror^a oÓpaiHjiacB vh cpaBHHraiBHOiiy 
i^eeiio HapOAOBi, CTomoíHxrB ea nmmwn crynenixi i^BBHjrasa- 
^íi. Ob BToff CTopoHH spafiHe noy^HTejiBHO cpaBHHrejiBHoe Bsyne- 
HÍe pyccBaro napoxa, coBepraeBHO oxn^aBinaro vh Hanmxl saxo* 
jycnmi ytsxax^B b xase o6jiaciflx%^ Mra Cb6bpb. 

GitfflpcBoe HacejieHie cjiBiiiBoirB nacro, ecjiB ne BOo6n^e— Tynoe b 
OBio(SieHHoe: ^íkavb xpyn xpyra b rhn chth 6EiBaH>rB». 9to oxBHa- 

lOBO KaKB B% CB^TCKOlťB, lasi B Vb ^yXOBBOlTB SBasÍB, Tf!bj HO HCCJIO- 

m^, «noirB nona Kaen, tojibko NasoirB mraerB*. Ho caifoe npúny 
rtlmee ^o — bto cospan saissaro HexoB^Ba, bjib, saB^B bx^cb ro- 
Bopniei, <pocoificBaro». He Bflaio, soro-To ysi (Íoibho BsopBajio ropě 
lOffB coofiqajrB ^use bbi sanaxBot ObSbpb, no y bbxb sacraxo 
Aio B co bc6mb npBBBaBaicB, — ci noHBJíeHÍeii^ BadteoMHXXy 
oeo5eflBO BOMapoBi, b npBÓaBUjrB, iro «BfB ioctb wblvb raxoBi 
HJSBO ciasaTB, no OBB BnoiH% rapicoHBpyB>rB cb iActbumi^ aa- 
ceieHieMi — ^^pesBH^aBHo saBoBjniBa, bxobbth b caiiEuii naxajiB- 
BBBB ofipaaoiTB BHcacEiBanrB BpoBB» ^). YBeiB^BTC 8T0TI npB- 
nmpB Ba Htesonso rpa^ycoBi, b nojiynTCB BOdo^flas CatfBpB, 
rxl OTB HpKyrcBa xo BjiaroBfiiii;eBCBa tojibbo b BBXflfliBy hto 
*taB6flBiui fjmu> B «BCŠ creneHB BJiox^crBa», rx6) Banp., vh 
BfltroBliqeHCRŠ (aa ÁMypi) aairB roBopan orpesBOTB, Hecrsux^ 



») iMm ,C«5irpfc«, 1879, St 34. 

19* 



i5a;fc/fe: ' 



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292 ncnm iBřonn. 

H x^TejfBHim MOJioxaHaxi.: «dTO cairae HeroAHue h MsapHHe 

Sx^cb oxHO cnaceHBe — i^inHun coóanr, soropun BceiaBi 
cociXH orpaBijnon cyjeMofi, «^HUJK)6Ei^efi», JK>THKOirb| a to 
lUECoiTL cx HronaifH mm co creuaini. 3aiíirL — Óesuciemoe 
HHOsecTBO sanopoBi, sapaseHEUfl pysui h peBOJBBepa; xon^ 
xpyroHx BaMBHyTuft ea hohb sea^HUMii (SojraMH, ciobho bto ae 
SHJiHiiie MEpnaro neioB^Ba, a saseiiaTB; ho h Tyn xoHamme 
BopH no HO^am npo<SypaBJHBaH)rB ctIhii (iiainiiHiBofi, Hasusaeiioff 
«nepyniB0>), h BopoBcrao xepaím b \cejeHÍe wh BitEOín crpaxi. 
no Bo^aMx, Borxa sce ciihtBi pacraHyBniHCB na nojy Ha cbohxi RÓin* 
naxi (Bofijíosx), zoTB pacspHUCB o noMon^a — HmsroHHHsa hto se 
Bufixen na ynuj. Sfich ovh rowxoBom oxho cnaceHBe— oropox^b, i 

HCUK)^afl CaMHXX BpafiHHXl ($%XHflBOBl, n0.10SHTaibH0 Bíbs% BI 

oxHoro xoMa Cen oropoxa. Hacryiuua oceHb, Bce nocntjo, h sa- 
HBHaerca noBajbHoe, cnJioaiHoe oiSBopoBUBaaie oropoxoBb, o^ubbo- 

BeHHO OSpySeHHHXl BUCOSIlTb THBOirbi — HO H THHl HO DOMO- 

raen. Majio loro, ^eto yapaxyn wn oro^jvk Bee cbixoÓHoe, — 
na-cirlrb en^, y BaaoB-HBtfyxB Hec^acTHoĚ crapyxv, noBbwp- 
ranrb sanycry h pasB&can ee no Tuny. CnpamiBaeicay hto n 
BTOMy noóysx^n? ^a npBBuqsa bi siofii, — i o6hbhomhbo 
noxotinaa raxocib Bos^ysxaerb ne npeciixoBaHie BEHOBHicrb^ a 
BceoÓn^ee sjopaxcTBO. 3xicb Bdb paxH HecttciÍK) finsuro, i 
TOJibBO H rjflx&n «no (»Ba]ti>| imůh nosHBiiT&ci. Bo spem 
nosapoBfb, Banp., Bcerxa ix^xx ornaflEHul rpa6esib. Topm 
H noHTB Buropaen BecB HpByTCBx, nosapnuie np^craBjaeiCi 
xasHifx-TO axoiTb; cpexH woro crpamnaro (Af^cmMy saaaiocb, 
X03SHbi 6h 6hji sarjioxHyTb bcí hoxoth h xaiúe Hncriuru, a ci- 
^BpflBH tfpocaioicfl Ha rpatfesi. rpatfeaai h bopobctbo — roBO- 
pHUb MicxHai rasera — 6hjh hohth y bcíxi noropftibiioKb ^). 
He TopoHHTecb HsymiaTfcca BCOMy cxasanHOMy, ne xouiaBi nacioi* 
n^efi naBtt. Bíxb 6ha se cjy^afi kl caiioe Bef»Bnee vpeuir 
^TO Kasnaiel bi ?it&, IIoprHarHHXi emfi ne ciapiii nejoBtei, 
H syneivb EocrpoRb na majurb, o(Sa, sanyraBrniob bi xoHbrtxi^ 

BSflJH XA H8py<SUH TOHOpaMH CBOIXX S6HX H X^TOt, a CaMH yX^' 

BHJBCb. H noneBOJi noKlpamb noBOftnoMy npo^^eccopy lE^aiioiy, 
^To CH^HpflBH emfi Hexaano 6um jDxoixMHy h saasxa xpoBi xo 
CHXi nopib ne Hc^esia hsx hxx npHBH^eBi. 

^.To6rh sfíbcb KTO-BHÓyxB OKaaajťb (esKopucrnOy Óeex MsmeiApst 
(aoTopoe xase h nipaMH yroqaerb), KaByio-HBfiyxb yciyry bu, do 



O Tam se, 1879, «>& SO. 

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SABiai o cntra. £93 

i^títHei lApb, Ha cx^janHoB eiiy BonpocB f,dLXh 6u OTB^n, — 
3ioro He xosAaTBCfl bo bíbi. Ham x^beo roBopuH odíh droMi, 
HO u ee vbpmn, h botl x^ oimra, bšsjhbo uauacE 6a6^9 
iEoiopai ceroxHH se 6um j CBoeio HCupaBERa, toabo-^ mhmo 
lei npoixaBmarOy cnpaoíHBaeirB: «CBa»iTe, noauuryBcra, kto dno 
ufo/bitMÍ* — «He 8HaK>!» — orpisaia o&a, i samrajia x^ume, 
miieisnafl <cipKy» ^). Msi npoxoiaaeirb CHpamEBar^, h nojiy- 
TOB ^bnii pixi BOxotfBím «He 8HaD>, coBepmeHHO He^auBso 
tapoein: «a yto, hoc&-to ecn y Te6a?>— i ona oxotl oiBiiejia 
«He 8Hai)», BO cTOXBanBmflCB a6oasiJiacB. Totho xaxoe se aoBapnoe 
<Be 8BaK>» esiooiB ■ pax<mB nojy^aem a on oCntecTBa, ecjiH 
tnpocimB o noxpotfflOCTBrB míctboS sonfr, a tíitb na^e o6% ea 
miociaTsaxs. 

— Hy^ — cnpamHBaeirB,— a sa roptfa^aiiH-^TO catfffpaBH oxotstch 
UĚ wbn? 

npH lasoiTB xepsKWB Bonpocft Hausaerca uí^mbř BspiiB^He- 
nwiaoia. 

no8TOify*TO caxoMy, xo nociixHaro BpeifeHH KpaSae rpyXso 
{JHio wuith cbÍ^x^hía o crpamHot yucrv, nocraraioiiieB tfpoxan, 
WS aa&i H fibiOTo caMO no ceó^ onacHoe a xypHoe, ffl, e 
otSipui Bce cspHBann an-sa ropxociH XBBapa, hto «ohh hh- 
mi He xyse pocdlcaixi*. IIocMOTpHirB se, HacaouRO omi 
«ie xyse» nocji toto, aasi pyccKHMi mcaTejax^, saitesaBmexs 
n ChÓhpb, yxuocB Biiran^HrB na 6osit cbítx MHoseciBO bohíh)- 
qixs ^aiOKL o SB^pcsom oÓpan^eHÍa CBtfHpBaa ci 6poxflroB, 
loeiB^HiTE crpaxaui^ecKoe a hecto BywHEqecxoe hma «rop6a9a», 
T."€., leiOB^xa, ropeHi e HyaaxoB crop&ieHHaro xo aexjE. 

GcHnHO-BaiopsBufl} caonso 6u hx ynan oh!e HpaBCTBeHHOi 
teerxa cmorparh <cBHCOKa» na CB^apasa^ ocofeflHO na CEÓEpflqsy, 
I oeanaen hxi HacM&saaMH: «cb({epíbe — cojieHiia yinE»; «ca6fl- 
pu, Basi poxarca, ipa xbe cjAuu 6BBaK)rL»; «HBaaBoro sx^ 
^(^tsoBasia Eirhj — roBoparL nocejteBeiTB Bs^opocnixi j[k>x0B, — 
<W» CJOBO — riyBu; ioabo TOÓoncaaa ry6epBÍa e noxosa aa 
řMd», xa eB|e aa BaipMŮi yBBxmnb pocciBcBÍB aapoxi^ a to Bce 
<MSipflqLe» ^). HecoxfliHBO, ^o noxo6Hoe MH^me 6 CBÓapau^ 
ttpaiSomiocB 7 cciubhhxs aoiixcraio ffiJLVOBpeueEEATO a lase- 
AFO ODura. Bi GflÓBpB npesxe 6um Benaoe icBOsecTBo 6po- 
Xin. Bpoxani bte, sa esb^hume BCBJiK)«ieHÍaiiB, Hnaoicy ne 
xUaDTB Bpexa e, saMyveHHize rojioxon e HysxoK>i f,juM)rh o5s 

*) Ci6ipnni, flOXOÓHO xBiapfliii, iiftvHo xjdts ciioiKy on jiacTBeoBigi, HasEi* 
'ttKyD „cftpioi*, iips 91011% qenai leiDcrmiH. 
■ «) J^o«, 1868, Xr,72. 



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2*4 

oxHOiTB, xan 6u csopte iqK)($paTbCs «xo]iol», — xoporoi san- 
MusnoL BCiKEMi patforaMH, a ea(faipiu pl«yn hxs, h rpafim. 
Oaih% ucjixOBaieo, hocmtabiiiíě ceiSfl cnei^anMOMy nyie- 
bíid noiosemfl Ópof^n n CsitipH coo6iivin aiixy^ofee. Bi 
Gatfiia y 6oranirB MysBBon h iiipaixon SHsn paóoniua bo- 
ofin^e CixCTBeBHa 0. Ero QŮfeueBsvyrh Tpyjiom, savL jomobji) 
Mmdípfi, AftBaa Kasi mosho MeiBine OTAuxa» h aasHiiDaim 
ojaxy. lípo TasHZi xoaiien roaopaTE: «He ;iafi Bon shtb y (kh 
raiaro nysaxa, — ^zyse ero nin na cíít^: oh^b reófl Bcero bb- 
xnerb H.xeBen He 0TAacrB»« (X^n^UK^ aapsapcM n BOJBEim 
pa(k)THflKOiťb, laKOff uymsKb emfi cyponie oópan^aeioi » 6pofli- 
rofi. Patforaa, 6poAira nacio tepsen ho toibko ffiBhTE, ho i 
caicyx) SH8BB. Bo mhopexi Micrax^B ecxB BpecTBAHe, nojBsjnh 
náeca ÓpoAflSHinecBHirB TpyxQicB ÓesnaaiHOi h ecu tfpoAiiranpo- 
carB A6HerB, ohh ero y^EBaDn. Sl bhx&i^b, — roBopan Ceiauy- 
SHHCBÍI, — jarama <5poxary, KOiopiii noiaoiiBai^B mafk na inei 
ď&AU neijH. Oh'b paóoiajii na namni y xpeciBaHHHa; no obob- 
^ams paóoni nonpocBJTB y cBoero xouiHa xeHerB, a okb, cb 
noMoii(Bio ^yroTO CBoero jMttioxiHBa, HaBHHyxB aa Hero nem) i 
Hauii ero xíbatb. Eohwocb t^itb, ^to Jiaiuni^ <rByM^'B bh- 
pBaiBCB) 6pocEji02 B!B xepeBHK) H HCTpeÓOBail Ch ifysBBa 15 p. 
sa nosymeBÍe aa yÓiflCTBo. Haor^a CHtfnpBBH, xotb h ffiLvyn njaiy 
6powirí, BO Bci^ wAwh %fyTh no xoport aa ehmi^ h vh jAcj 
oÓHpaHXTB ero hjh yÓflBattro. 

«CB6BpflBl| — OnpOBeHHO pa8CKa8HBaj[!B 6pOABra,— TOJBBO I 

HopoBBTii mtoOh teóa, o<k>KpacTB, a yspaxB y sero xotb lonopi, 
OH!B He cnycTBTB, — VL TaKoĚasapTB BoftxerB: «8i, ckf^hi Kotfiuy, 
($epH BBHTOBBy!» SaioponncB) Banyiaoicfl. CeiiacB vb hofoek) h on 
Hero He yflx^niB; 200 Bepcn 6yAen rnaiBca h ysx aaroHHrB. Qbb 

BBCAÍABTBi BCi TpOHHHBB RB jAcJ OÍHŠfjSfThj F^Í TU HpiOnieilY 

saiiŠTHn; eyc^i mHniBa jeasan ne laxi, bbrb B^epa, ysn osb 
BBABn. TenepB xoBonao eny xojnBO pavB BsrjBHyTB na wjh)- 
bíbb— ynoMHBrB, vh homi obx npoxoKBXB, bbbobi co($ott, Basu 
npBMÍTiiy H lepea^ mícbi^b ysmen. IIpoHBHTejiBHHl arorB cbíSa- 



*) GemiysiicBii, „Bpojuiee Haceiene GiÓi^i*'. nA^M**, 1868. Apjvoft nMc$a»A 
^o6auiien: „Jiiom cBÓapan loceiesmk Óepen no bj^í — pft5om mhoto, amoi 
roBBTb, BO 1 npHBJvmH ero b% pa^OTHiiH n paÓoiyD CTpaAByi) aopy, crtcBiien mo 
BceiTL B oÓBsaen, lim bb nonajo, — CBÓBpim i sa rpixi dToro Be CHflraen, ssafl 
1 Ton BopeBBoft saxofli, iio nocejbn(BBy Btn BipH b xasaTB OMy ae Bejiiao. Jeioi- 
BjK> aapačoTByD njaxy xosbbbi ozoiaie fMfn noceieBuy Bepexi npaaAOUOMi a Ha 
Baóarfc, b npBTOMi c% lim yciOBÍen, rso6h gBOABy-ro fla&njm moba bmíctí c* 

XOBABBOMl*. (MaiCBMOBl, I, 277}. 



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Google 



SAIiGSI O OIHM. 295 

fcn! Kar Haromn, cdl^aoi» xpran: «ciot| sapura! craao- 
na Bci BCďtv^XHy nyjK)!* Pas^oUHiu, cxpacn 6&K)r& Htmero 
ůfkn. Y6m eiqr HB^era m ficiByi) iuuoctb, a x^rria lan h 
n sa ^Ro, TOSBO 6u o6o6p9ah y Hero xen^m, a to ■ oxesBot 
(poKnecaoft h6 ootipesmian. « .Stmím endh cmoum^ nsmh ko- 
mieiKiy— roeopHn CB^Hpjm, — a es lOpíJaw 6ce na noMnmiff eon- 
Mem!» H 910 roBopmca auyxs, (Sen onixa. 

Bon x^rol nof^wEBĚ pascsan ópoxam^ nn Hea&sa jyvne 
pigrra^UI saBaiu Bpeerunn h sasaBon, satfpoineHflHxa^ bi Tat- 
ím H aa rpamqi h Maniai>B(Hxeii rpafoaoia. ^Orynaire, — 
nan% erain tifermm, — reiiepB npmo. Ha nyra 6yxerB pacm- 
WB| xqiora Botxen b% šero npiifO— ne loxire: Tyrb BasaBi 
jotm. TaiťBxaMBo ecn» saniíBa,— bi sefi iMmav^ jmeen. XAH 
le čten, a jm^ti a pys&ein^sa 0&iBOft, b oh^b oxotho hb- 
naen Baraera tfpaTa, BapsaBa^ n patfoiyi w luaTiiii sa no- 
eqrry CBRmv^m* Tbbx bh mo soifHBTe»« 

SaouB. KaiaBi jaesoBuS laBoS, Bcrptoui, yromaen, (^eoiTCB. 

— OcmBafirecB, — ^roBOpBT^— fiopnHTB bbcb tfyxyi bu toobo 
paterairei a CBpavy lan, hto HBBaBOfl cunuiBrB se xo^epercji. 

FoBopsTB— yj6fl|aen. npocnajiB uu ho^b. noyrpy paeo ynrjiH 
TtBi, vo offb fl Be upB^TEXh, — cnBu eiDfi. Cmotpbmi, xoro- 
men oh% Hac& sa joniaxH, b BBHroBBa y nero sa cmHott Top- 
vm. Orán nojKsAsaoLTh^ BBHTOBBy vb pyBB, npfl]|i6iBBaeTCB«.. 

He eiiy HB^ero me yxaiocB^ tojbbo norepajn BBsroBBy b, 
jteuB Ba BOfli, rpoBBjffl: 

— TaKL MBj ne ran ae^ a Bamy-x^ Bsay b cbok)-x^ oÓBxy 
n jQij^vrb BapBBBan MnĚetajl ^). 

Oxora Ba (^[MoiflrB — ae ciyulBOcn BaBaa-flBtfyxB, a yBope- 
oiBieeefl bjio, wk aoropoiiy CBtfapflBB npBBiiBaeTi cb x^i^bb. 
SfeeTBBHCBÍĚ xaniBBB wiěícsx> Toro, iio(S%, no CBoeiiy, sacjias- 
nocB BW«ÍB>, CMorpBi^B yse pa«(k>ttHBB0Bi^, B, nesxy npo«iBiťB, 
ufOtĚTh ofufL yÓBTB Ópoxary an BsaieBM, iro^ nocMoipiTB, 
M0 iop(^ (f^demě na ujpítb eepmf^m%CM\.. 

HeyxBBBtaiBBo, mo laBíe apaBii MoriK BBMTBCfl m^ Ce^bpb, bii- 
pecBiet HB BaTopseo-BBopoxvecBott bo^bí. B« to spěna, rosoparB 
lfaBCfliio»i Borxa BpttMBOXBiocB aBeaieBíe 3a(JaiBaAB (rxi noroirB 
WBBBjni yflOBuiBynie hbso OAefmpůj Masema^ TapÓatamaů) nepe- 
ceieHi^uiB cb saHOTOiťB sa peapyTa, npoMucen bb rop6a^efi tfu j'b 



^ Máscmon I, 168. 



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Google 



^% notrnn nponL 

— Tfíb i^yviHHB?— cnpamBBan oxihi npofesitt y <Sflte, 
cjtyMtHo ocraHOBHBiiiBCb vt oxHott HsM no xpMBoiptwnfy tpasiy. 

— Ha ropóavei nomn! — cnototao otfucHEjnt (talSai sarfan 
vpHtfaBHja:— Bwpišk zoxui, HpomieJiBn toaio oxmro, xa tfbx- 
Haro: hojchbiihcb aonaraHaol oahoí, a kb npooLiOMS ro^f j 
oxHoro HanuM noxi& creABoft 50 py^iesi O* — *^/^ ^iol <mi^?» — 
cnpaniHBax>rB y CHÓipesofi xtooinr, h (iyfjmfúí cirftopaiBa xjOMt- 
HOBpOBHo xWTb OTBin: «yizan rc^^ieft erp^un!* '). 

Majio y6wi% <$potfry— naxo en^e ydnaro HCiepsan. Ydnarh 
Ópoxan CHtfHpara pteyn na ^aon ■ pastfpaeiiBaxm m, irotfi 
Bé nonaicfl Tpyirb ')• CBixftTeiBcím 9to noxTBepsxaeioi xpymn 
nicaTejieMi: «TaB!& Kars xHorii ytiitcrta ((poxan oniffiBajHa 
noJiHqiett h q^eciBjnie dmn cyxiMH sa 910, to Meaxy himh boojo 
vh o6uHBĚ — yŮEWh (Spoxary, m cxapan ce Hero sosy h kioo, 
UH pyÓiiB ero rpjm na Menm Bycn 1 norom sapuBan m 
Bi pasHHX^B Mtoax^i 11001 yHHvrosm ojtíxh ytftttoiBa h bc6 
npBBHaBH mHOCTB Tpyna». 9to noxTBepsxaMCi paacsaiaMBy xacs 
ůpojmrhy laKi B caMBzi xpecfBifli ^). 

Bcjri^XCTBie 8TorOy otb ToMCsa b xo Viní o^aaoBaiBCb i^iau 
niCTBOCTB, npocjiaBBBmÍBCfl oxoTOK) Ba roptfaiet. B% loxciot 17- 
($epflÍK ecTB qicniB xepeBBB, toabo b SBByapi ito rpa5eson 
<(poxflrB. Obojh) $BBryji ecTB «bojikb> (pšxsil jša), b npo hbxs 
6poxBrB roBopm: «8xto BŠn cronso Jišey, CBomo Bamero 
Ópaia nojoseBO vh csrpyi) 8eMii>». lípo pÁwf RapacyH% bi 
TOMCBOtt ry6epBÍB 0T8iiBaH>rcB: «EapaqfBi ysn npOBOBM^i— vac^ 
oro BaBajiBiB BamBim ůpofiĚT%uE*. HsvberBii xAse Bvena cB(hi- 
pBBOBi, npocjaBBBoiBzcfl oxoTOTO Ba dpoxan, Tason éun Bbt^ 
1SOBS9 sflBmift B npoxBm jflBBiift sa Ahfi^, PoMaaovB — vh ^BBryii, 
^asopora — n eaBcelcBoft ry6epBÍB, b en^o Basoi-io Bojucok. 
PoMaBOBi, Banp., BfirlBsajrE sa xepeiBD b josbjci bs boixb 
noxsBWTB Ópoffn B OŤpJbMTb npozoxaniBXi no xoporL Bar- 
BOBi cTptjfln ch 6eip&n sjíiiBBiBn no ptB& now6nna o^pft- 
80MX npoMHmiflaB BaBíe-ro xBa Ópara no Bapnet, b, roBopvrs, 
HuBum laBíe OBtfBpaBB, BoropBie ytfaBaiB bi eaen «b8B& no 
wecmudeamu^ no deennoemo b ifoife 0poKBn... ^) B& toucboI 
ry({epBÍB bsbíctwi Oha vymsBS Ilapaimnm, bc» joshs aasB- 
naBnriScfl BcrpeÓJi^nan dpoxin, b WBOBiBBinit cboa yiacrs 



1) MftBCHMon. I, 204. 

«) X**^ 1873. X. 

») B*CTH. -tíip. 1875, Xn, 547. 

*) Oref . 3an. 1867, XI, H, 270. 

») A**o, 1868, XI, 45, 107, 113. 



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Google 



SÁinoxt o ciBipi; 297 

ii», fTO oxBH^B 6poxxra uuo0ynjrB eiiy na roiOBy pacsaies- 
hhI M^xHiitt sorejTB ^). 61^ 16-TH Bepcran on HsiKHeyxHBC&a 
aneur caeQiajiBHo BanHiiajniCB HCipeÓJieHiein^ 6poxflr& ^). Ectb 
xiM TM^ vpatt KB GH(tepE, FX^fc oxoia Ha 6poxarB noMoria 
cMHEieidio (k)raTcm vh pyaarB cu6npcarh lyjiaBOFB. HaiHHaa 
on BepxBeyxHHCxa h ao ^mv, a sai^irb npjiMO sa nn^ biuotb 
ff) caMOt ttrraficsoft rpanHi^u, Ha ueo6ospEyLou% iipocTpaHCTir6 
uoxopoXHHxi AOjravE no pbmsrh XHiRy b ?hiiok>, no HnroAi 
I OnoHy B08HIBJI0 MHOsecTBO ((oranixi xepeBeHB, pacKHHyT£ix'B 
norxa na B^kcsojiMto nepcn h HacejieBffuxi craponipaicK («ceMe9- 
cinn>) H CH^HpflKaMH. Ho on njoxopoxHHS xojihhii to, padxift* 
lem xpyr^ ote xpyra rpoMaxHHira xpefiraiiH ropB, saitB, nanp.^ 
OitHOBott H fl&ioHOBiiS uesify XHJBOir& fl HnroAOft, hjih oxihx bso^ 
nsBmvb orporoBi erOy xeaanpB icesxy p^aaira Xejbom^b h ?h- 
loen, 10 yase coBepmenHo Ba^pomenH vh ropnott maůtrb ^); h 
sxkB, BM^kto jerso BosMOSBOtt i^BBHJiHBaiUK cpexB xtoreuHaro 
souex&iB^ecMro BaceieHia hb^ crapoB^povB, noBeioxy oxna muih 
nyniB naipoxoxBMaí, cnoco6Haa CBpiiTB vb ceůi camia tbueusl 
xta. 3xÍGb, vh cpefíb co<$CTBeBHO cHtiapcsaro Hac^JieBÍa ooute 
DpomiH XBa BjdíHia (bobc6 HesBasoiiufl crapOBŠpaiii), UTops- 
Hoe I nHopox^ecBOO) a npn noMOn^n hx^b, sx^cb BtarpatforajHCB Ky- 
nu HTB oKtopiiBOVBi coBepmeBBO saBjíaxiBBiie cyxB(5oD OKpy- 
laDfl^aro hxb Hacejenijiy pyccsaro hjh BHopox^ecsaro. Pyccaifi 
nsrh n hbxi Bc^ieBi; bto Bce jnoxn HepBHe, (tb ^epBEiMH boxo- 
can^ iH)XH XBBÍe h xepsste aa Bctsoe npeciynxeBie. dip Me 
((orán, BasBBmie x^aBra npecTynxeaiíMH, tfessaxocTHoft dscnjiya- 
TU^el wBopom^m^j bxb se oxorott aa ($poxarB a paóonxi, (St- 
fyipxb c% nphiciORBi x^a xoiopBxrB bch Bra erpaaa apexcTaB- 
mn aiaoe neasMÚM nepeayrBe, ran aan apaxeaoe bojioto 
TMXn^ Bi RflXTy a HpayitvB. CoÓpaTB noxpo5aiia CB^x^aur, 
ttis sxto xynian ((poxars a paóo^axi, coBepmeano aeBOSMOSHO 
10 Bpeaa apoisxa, — Xm btofo sx^cb aaxo nosarB; aa aoaaro wxo- 
iiM cHoipBTB xaao a x^ftamra yse coBepmeaao BaxeBBUMB, ysa- 
WB sanacaya) Ksajny. JlymarB 6poji;sn a paóoiaxi ae crapoBŠpH, 
itcrtipsia. npotesai ao le^eako pocsomaaro Xaxaa, aapi- 
Wto aadoraiBa ffipewsM^ XOMobi vh 50 — 70, a vh aftaoTopiixi 
K aixB aenpeitlaHO saBerB catfapaBx, aMÍi)iE(ifi xecjiTxa a cotaa 
TaeiTB Banaiaia. He CMorpa aa aanaTajťBi nysan saserB tfeB- 

Pfcci. MiiTfc, 1860, 17. 
») CoipeM. 1868, YII, 90. 

') rojrio— AiKoe ropHoe mícto, sapocnee licon. y laparMon HiauieyABHCKaro 
^^JT% >|(i«ia— fiijoropifl (3aiL Hpt. ctat. loii. lY, 24). 



\\^ •; . DigitizedbyGoOQlC 



298 Momn ibpoiui, 

rpaKOTHUirB, xmim, ho tíomm ut cnrcaeroi; oá% nps^an n 
Mj^uarh xoiiaxi, ohi yarbn jme BCiynnib n poxcxM m xpyst^ 

C!B COC&AHHMH KyiUVtlfl K ^HBOBHIMME. TaSOBH MHOlíe HySltt 

ro Tap6oraT«&, OienTfb h np. T0| no Bcet B^pofroocra, nonta 
noeeieHita ch BBopoMeifi: wpHue bojocu, tepané rjasa na TeMBO- 
seiTOM^B nií!b, nvMixh ffiaitt h mjtbbř. Fiaia ojihoto moro 
pox& (toraveĚ Hasun oocioasie, rpafig m yóuaa tipoxan h patfo- 
uxi, ^oaBpaataranixcfl ch npiKMR^; aa aio owb w noiuaTuci: 
oxHH roBopflTL, HTO OTO yÓBJOí Wh CBOUS yjycan Óypflia, boto* 
pHz^B owb jaAn aasatfanz^, Apyríe se, hto tfpoffni Bspyten 
ero sa BycBB, noioaujni wb irimon, nepesBByjB lepeei ctoo, 
H oycTBJífl lOHfl BeoTB ero xoxoft. Coeioraie on^k xonoíHoin 
CHHi ero, craBinift yse irtcrBiiMtB apsetosparoicB. Ha^ajneiBO ero 
yBassajo; bcb xepeBHi 6iua y Hero nyn ne bi noMaocnb. 
BooCnie, BA^mBee rjyxoe mícto ciyBwn VMBunrB npsio- 
HQMx 6poKAT%. PaÓoraa na BpeciBiiffB b pftiBBTeiBHO hhbinx) 
He Tporaa, 6powrB cBpHBax>TCfl bi aiiaxi b aaiyrarb, — ue- 
Tjn BopsBBHy niBxyrb o6yBi», xoHyni, uaraaiaByni cioyup- 
BBiaK>n, x^biaB)n nocyxy. HHHe bb!E hbx%, no otfsBBniBCB, no- 
ciaBan Boxpa abb Bjacmm b sanBCHBaanrcfl nécTHiucB otfiua- 
TeiBMB no BMeBam noceseHi|eB!&, BOTopue pa8(ř£saiBCB. Ho ropě 
Ópoxari, BOTopiii BgxyMan npÍBxrBTBca y ByjaBa-nysBsa. CHSbibo- 
BOHBO SBBen laxfB, HTo, nopa(SoTaBi yxosBBBa b nojyuBi pai- 
CHen, 6poxiTa ompuiierca xajiBnie, Byxa lesan ero iqni^ ho 
6iiBmHI ero zosobh^b totuci secsa^TB no ero ciíxiim^b, Hacra- 
raen, yÓBBaeitB b rpa6BT%. BiiBajB cjyiaB, ^rro ysnaon i^iaKB^arfíB- 
pi Bi, HTO ixen BcnpaBBBBi vuí o6iieBa — on paaonuen 6poxpr% n 

paSBHB CIOpOHH, CBXeTB Cl CBOBMB JUDXBMB Ha BOHOft B nepeCfpft- 

uerB Bcbrb Ópoxan nooxBHOHBÍ. Epo^Riran b pa^iMi, bob- 
Bpan^iuoniBiccB n npÍECBOBi ci BOJmtmi — cnepa BenaHyMi. 
EcTB ceaeBÍfl, ni Buiejra set cnjomB Bops b pasÓotaBsa, s 
npoiBBUUonúe tojbbo b eiapaKncB o toicBi iroóa xaKB-HB6y» 
MBBOBaTB BxrB. HasBBai BTBm nyrem ÓoraiCTBa, CB(SHpflBB-ByjaBB 
yMBpaBrrB bjb otb nuBCTBa, vm noxB hojbo« O* 

RpoBoacaxHOCTB C8(SBpflB0Bik AOxoxBja ffi TorO| ^TO BpByrcBit 
rytfepnaTopL Pynepn BMbn saroBaiB aa oiepTB 1 3 tbxhxi oxor 
HBBOFB sa rop6a^aBB| b ne lasi en^ Wbho vh A^MmaA cjkuxa 
BpecTBiHBH^ Ba 14 y6ilcxBib| coBepmeBHiucb BaA!B ÓpoxiraMB. Tan 
CBÓBpBBx pasc^BTHBaexcfl CB ÓpoAflroS b xo cefi canofi MAHym ^.. 



O CpaBB. Cii6. BiA. 1878, .^ 317, ■ CJ. 
3) ;,Gi6ipciaji rasera", 1881, 1^ 8. 



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3áucu O enm. 299 

HeeoicHiHHO, ^ro cb nponApa BOpeBÉia% citiaiMKorB oós^uti 
mmihCA Ha ůpoffín nepemen b n ójpBnwh. A^up^ tiypjiTS 
le xaifterb Ópoxiry h sMaem cívIma ^o npwiĚewm oxoru. 
<Xyjiemsift (^farjiii jyíme xotfpoS io8h»| wbho yse noBiopaen 
(»]fpiT^ a 8T0 8Ha^irb: «ci bobjjih eBa]ieii& oxbj msypy, a ci 
fiteitro A^ft UH TpH>, T.*e. DOJiymytfoBi, aBflxi h py6axy V. 
Hrne i» fiypm, noxoCÍBO CBtfipuairBy xase aíjuio saam cBoei 
soen&uK)rL oxoty sa lopÓaiaicB. SrtpH 9ib oiHCBaBann cbox> 
iepvqr no orouRy, no Bocrpy. SaesinJCfl lasott oroHeR'^ n cro- 
poHÍ, xueso Wh suoro nicra, Újpvrh naieraerB^ — BucspbjLotrh 
lUfpTh oxHoro; na Bcem lomaxHHOiii CRaRy en^e pas^ sapHsaer^b 
BiHiOBiyi Kiaxerb xpyroro, h sarbirB xperBaro, ecjiH aroTL ne 
yenin 6iwkrh. Evofi Mie ÓypaTOBX— /íopbUMt^i Rpen^enoe hho- 
p#jnH. Hpo QAHoro xasoro «iiysHRa h9b sapiíMOBtB* pascRasu* 
fiia: «yBHjuiTe ero— iipflUTee& CROp^l: neio^ibn eron cepma 
le HMtecb f nomutH ne BtxaerL>. 3a to h BasH^ TasiirB aio- 
van $HBaen crpamnai: «pacRajHJCfl noi ioxej»>B:& >X0 Rpacaaro 
Vha. Cbu% ero a oraa, Raai (mtb (Síute RpacniiĚ-pacBpacHiift, 
» I BiiK&ir& no tipaTCBony BeMiain mansH— no canHa nie« 
nprawea*^— pascRaaiiBaji ůpof^va ^. 

drony i^meryticTBy noMonuE HÍBorxa camia Bjacra. Tavby 
Korw^ na^ajiBCTBO nerpoBcnaro saBOxa (oÓSRnoBOBHo naÓHpaB- 
meecii an HepnEHcaa, i.-e.* asi saKOMencKtM^ójy vxi paóotajio 
MHoro aaTopsHHXx, niarajio saRasA&ro nofinanHaro 10 p. accHr.^ 
a 8a yfiaiaro 5 py6. Bcjri^CTBÍe aroro, ((ypara, co&kfítit saBOxy, ca'^'- 
tttf mb JOBM H y6iictM ópi^ara jfogb npoHHCM, aoiopiifi, vb 
CBon owpex^ aiigBajii asi cpeAu nerpoBcsaro nacejiema ncrn- 
Teu, a^ioero MauanaoBa^ o(JiaBBBfliaro ůypamiĚb Bofiay a 
umoroxao zoxaBmaro na oxory sa hhmh ^). B-b 1870*xb roxaxi 
mmi no aeet CnÓapa mia OTHaaHeaa jobja ÓpoAsrb, lasi saBi 
^Vecoanan^ Úsuo o($mbmho on na^ajfcCTBai iro ani sa Baja*- 
wo Hoftnannaro tfpoAflry Óyxyn uararB 3 py6ia| a njuiiajiH. 
HoBioMy, epeAH nooMeflqeBi a eB<(apaaovB cdt^aci aBajincB oco- 
(ae Mowfi 6poAarE, n oxaai b8i& Tasnxi coran na CBoett co* 
BictH xo 100 wiMteE, Bffb Boxopiixi MOBBniaa noxoBEna tfiua 
na nepefiasasa a npeACraajena auiBiiiia) ociaiuafl, (Sdísmaa no* 
waaa, <Ssua nepetínia n orpa&ieaa..* Bi Saéalaajfci asBicien^ 
(fUb BŠEso rpyABHRBffbi ROTopHft, uo npexcTaBjieflÍH) aaiasBCTBa^ 



>) MatcHMOBi, I, 197. 

») Tam «e, 209. 

*) 3aoicKB BacapiUBa. MocxBa, 1872, crp. 122. 



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SOO norsni ibfoss. 

mAn sa nosný cra ^kv^ui^ zoiorfv> nexaiB aa mA ^)... 
H BorB ^ffvh no ffypori (1872 r), Bcrpi^aerca TOJi-ira b% offy 
jomaxB, vh Bet josetl vmobíbi, CBisaHEsfi BepesBaiíff, t.-«. 
noftMaBHutt (jpox^ra; Boait CMf^rh xBoe Maa^HHoeBiB — to eeucne 
AecflTHEKVy H 9T1 MajBYmisH Be8yn ne^oBisa na npoxasy n 
RasHy sa ipn py^iii... ILiaTHjra hmYi BOse^Bo, sn MipesExi 
BanHiajoB^y BanKtajs pacrpanun, a noron cjomso (kijo, vro, 
XJU nonoíHeBÍa htb, bc% xenni, norpaientifl sa noivqr 
tfpoAHrBi Beiiio tfiuo paaiosBTB na xpectBiHi... CScujiBHBa Bce 
OTO seaioTBy b n^HB bx% oryjom nposíHflaeTB bck> C^apK 

Oxi T£i, rope, 3iafl nalézá Csfiflpb! 
BpoTflHyjiacB ch-^sboS cxenBK) B^aib h niRp& .. 

Ho Be BsyMjBlrecB, Borxa CB(tepjiEi npocrojiB^jiBBib TaBizjtítji- 
HospoBBO BaHBuaeTCB TaBBMB x^jiaMB, B(So Be xa<ioBO ynuo i 
ocTBJíBBoe cfl6BpcBoe oÓn^ecTBO. Bhjo BpeicB, Borxa bs Gb6bpb abi- 
jacB otfmBpBaa cexu xesaf^pBCTOB^ b CB^BpcBoe otfo^acTBO otBec- 

JOCB Bl BBITL CB BpafiBfllťE BeXO($pOSeJaTeJIBeTBOirF, — OHO OCB0p($- 

ujio fl Tepaajio bxi, cboabbo mofjíOi b to^bo tbeso pyrajocB aaii 
nojraTB^ecBBMB cchabumb XYIII B^aa b BOB^ftmBx^B BpeiAffB. 
Bce OTO BcnmBen bb cbíti bi cboo speiur. 

n. Ctapob**ph. 
IIpoissaB no CBdapB bbi Koni^a b% boboii^b b bbab ci bctiH' 

BÍBIMl JBUtCOlTB, Basl 8X'lCB COtfpBIBCB BC% yClOBÍB A^SÍ OBOB^' 

lejiBBaro BHposxeHifl CBCSBpasa, BOBonno ocraaaBiBBaeniBCi u 

JUOABX^By COZpaBBBBIBXX CO^B B^OpOBHMB ^BSB^eCBB B BpaBCTBeflIO 
B OTJBHaD^BXCB OTB lyseBUOBl TBKl Se, BBBl Be6o OTB BeBil. 

3to MajiopoccH B crapoBftpH. B^b 1800 roxy nepeeejBB)TCfl cnw 
xajiopoccii. Oabe BBi BBn ocrajmcB sbtb no Tpasiy, rxi-ro n 
eHBCdlcBoi ryÓepBÍB, xpyríe XBBByjBCB wxBme aa boctob% i 

nOCeJBJIBCB 8J!|^B Vh CIOpOBi OTB ^OTH, BBOpXS BO Hsrogt&i BOX^ 

BiieBeifB «xanBaBi^OB%». Tbmx bzi bícbojibbo cen: Tt^ma, Bu- 
HOAaeeaa^ Eonsoů^ OpmOy EadoKmaj VepeMXoeó^ b t. x- Obi 
cÓeperjB cboS b8iib%, cb(^ pycedfi tbu^i cboh) syATypy; saiyn 
OTJBHBO, B cpexB OABHBjíaro BaBaMeBCBaro Bacejfesfa sBUDTCa sa- 

BBXB-TO imfíME BBOFO MÍpa. O) BpMeBB npE^Blifl BTB CM>K^ 

OBB ycn&ifl paBMBOSBTBCB, B Mflorífl ceMBB nepeaoTOBaiB xai^i 
Ba ÁBypB B B^b ;ipyrÍB míctb. 



*) MaiCKHon I, 206. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



siJKXCfti O eiBffPi. 801 

npnoca ch C060Ř H v>xBO-pyceKpo syniypy, Majopoccfii n^ 
SBttOMui CwŮB^h Ch luyrom u jistobumb, Torxa bsbi ^xbck 
Bd soeHJE moeow) hjuí roptfymei). Tose & n ^^yraxi BOHAax'^ 
(^Sípi. Cto McaiMecan HejoB^m sanoposcRarB «iepBacBy» bh- 
ceieHiim npn i^api Maxaii'! sa Jleny w KHpeHcn^ Bnier^ eb 
lyryeBcmni, RypcKflMH h BopoHescKHMH Biizoxpaiui, noaosuH ocao- 
Jttie IIo^QUtMevcKoi boiocth hbi 145 ffifewBh^ HOdm^HrB cm- 
psi HasBasu ci naiiaTBK) o poxBa& Ijftpeemy rpeČeHCnaji^ h npo^. 
Jipyroe orpaABoe iBiane HpexcfaBjflH)TB qb^b^úi, 6oraTBrfl, bb- 
coKO«ipaBCTBeflHiifl HOjOBaHcík o6mnu na Aiiypi) h 6oraTHa 
oeu ciapoB^poBi. 

CiaBa CosMaiejiiO} Haxoaeqi CTa.TO mosho roBopniL o crapo- 
Bipax%, 8Tot Mačci ^ee:fflaro h TpyAO»)6H6aro HapoxU} h 6eB6oi8«- 
fl^ yaasaTb bzi irierosHiejBCTBO h oi^iiHaii... Bci Teneps sa- 
roBoiaiH o HapoA'^) o&h yBaseniH vh napo^yt ho Bce en^e ao 1 5 mu* 
ráMmi crapMipoBi, HHaie V^ Bcero BuiaopyccBaro Hapo^a (caRaH 
ufloeipaipii Ki ero Beropui), jnofitít, CHHTaK>ii(Hrb bx CBoei cpex6 
ovocní icTBHBO * xpBCTÍaHCKifl H opocBiqeHHiliiiifl 18% Bcero 
npoeioFO oapoxa, E^pefiuaM mnuwh^ ^aczo uemimuwh, ÓedHaKaaaH- 
um nopyrasiaiix ■ ocsop^jeHuiMiy lasi Kaiob croin bbí sa- 
10H&, Be cuxaiOTCfl rpasxaHaMH CBoeft bchjih, hc xonycsaKxrcB 
n rpasx{4Hcsoft A^iejiBBOCTH. Jí^i bbxi cozpaHaioTCfl eaie cra- 
pae saioBH, ho xf^BO yse npocB^n^eHHifiniie jh)ah TBepxarB^ 
TO jyíme 6u flZ'B cobcíitl ne tfuio, noTOiiy hto btb sa- 
xoHH ctaBATb name caMoe Jiyvsee Hacejeme «HBaBe £3iihbh- 
m&> ^). PyraacB aaxB craposipaiiHy hírto r. Oy66(yníWh ^) 
BagBBien bcí bxi sajo(ífii h ctobh «aauiBaMB csasaHÍBME o npH- 
^^kcEeHún, roBeBÍflZ'B b nyrB ne bobhbz^b*, b to se caMoe yTBep- 
zffn Borxa-TO cjbbixovb bsb^tbhB JlflBaHOB^B. Bx Poccíh, fb 
iu)ciixHie roxH crapooOpflXCTBO DOJiyHBJO Mdvbctwyn TepnHMocTL. 
Bb Ci6hpb nosa nin b tíeb 9ero-ffi(k) noxoÓHaro. 

CiOBa «pacxoaBBB%» kb ChCbpv hc sBaiorB; bx^b ne cra- 
pis, uaaa eni^e fíficez% MocsBa n ea ^^aHaiBsiioMi, b caoBO 
^řieopocipaBfleiea bx^cb oxhbmb jhbib MBcdoBepaiui, BOiopue) 
^ nmvh noveny, oco66hho juotSan HacraBBaxB: «pacB0iBflBB%9 
PWBOABJínt^ Cxouso bbbíctbo, Ha Banaxb Ch(Sbpb crapoBipii 
^Bawica <BaMeHBniBicaifH», lasi san siByTi n ropan, bu 
m BaMBi>, a na boctobí — ^ceiieftcRflMB^. Ho sa to CB($Bp»oe 
^i^6ej6Bie, no coBepmeBBOt cnpaBexiBBOCTBi pteso OTJunaeT:B ce(te> 

O ,Bkra. EspoDi*, 1879, Ví, 786. 

*) Ch. o Bern ,,Pyco«. B*^« 1879, J^ 827. 



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302 BMTHmBmos. 

BavB (m> «ceMe8CKinc%>, rjOh h on «pyccKErB», no sxboraeMf 

«pOCCÍSCRHX<B»9 XOTOpHX% 0H0| DO CBMŘ XVKOCTH, TOpIlin He XO- 

aten. — «Mii,— roBopan, — CHÓHpira, aro oeiieficiie!* «Rto bsi? 
€eiceficxift?» — <B6n,— OTBŠ^aioirBy — a eH<Svpfliř&!» nsiCjATomm 
ceiceflcBil, ]ipoBapMaBBaK)n^ifl xjA6owh nyn ně boo Cstfvpb, He 
npBBaxjiesHr& Cs^npE. 

OapoBipií HBxaBHa hsbícthei ra Oh6hph. B% 1687 ro^y, 
crapoBi&pii) SHBniie bs TniieHCftom f6BA'69 xo<^BOXbfio oosniCB 
vh HECJrk 300 xym^K} B*^ nycTOffli yerpoesHoft ms na pftfKi 
Teree^, ysnaBi, teo jím hohiíre vrh nocjiaHu yse cxymuue 
jioxH 0. BflXfl Tasoe crapame o ce&k, crapoB^pn (Hwajívi nyn 
He HaKpatt cvfiia. Tan, npR EaaiepmiA tfiu* OTKpsmr n Byx- 
TapMi i^tjiHa cMdoffí ^bvsEíTb iK>xet, BBffbcTHHxi uoxh Eueaewb 
BaifeHBn^ssoFB, h (hm npEHira vh pyecwe hoxxmctbo, «san 
HHopovpi* ^)... 

Bi ajbni8cRHr& ropaxi, sa BepniHHŠ p&cH ByxrapMii, Bna- 
xaion^eS vh Upnimi h o6pa8]nB0ii^eft rpam^y cb Kaiaen, 
Bi npomjiOMi ctoiítíb aBiaioTCfl CTapoBŠpn ch RojniBaHo-Bocspe- 
ceHCisrB saBOXOBi, h vh xERflxi xoiíHHarE p^bh ByiTapm h 

es npHTOKOBl, fiBOBOfly BijOBOtt H ^epHOBOl, CpeXB CXajTB, VB 

aicarB, obe crpoiorB cretu, h Bnoci^xcrBiE bx^cb noEBxaiOTCH 
Tf/bshiz xepeBHE (censaxitaTB) crapoB^poBi, ESB^eiHurE nox^ EEe- 
HeiTb RaueHbn^BROBi. B% 1760 r. ESBŠcreHi 6&Jii crhti ^epneifa 
HeEpacoBa no p. Ytiii e xpyroi cretb no TOtt se piis/k, oceo- 
BaHHiitt HapiiscREME RpecTBflHaME. TenepB sfíbch MHorowcjieHHoe 
Hacejieflie. O&b 8tex% CRExax^b na caajiax^ mosho cocraBETB ce((l 
noHflxie no oxEOfi m% xepeBeHb RaMeHBn^HBOBi, HasnBaeMOi ^a- 
RajiRa. Cejenie jfesETs icesxy RpyraiiE ropaifE, na yrecaxi ctostb 
no oxEHOTC^ b86h, laRi RaRi pExoirB crpOETBCE na otfpuBan 
nejiBBfl; e86íi ORpysenit sejieoBK)^ RaRx vh PoecÍE, e cb bbco- 
REXB ropi, BO Bpexii B^^rpa, jeriTB rb eeitb na XBopi qfiiiu 
rpyxu 6ypejKMfa. HecoMEinno, hto SEieiE wcĚ necjnixasEoí 
rjiymE, RaRi 6yxT0 orp^HEse on ocraarBEoro Óosbeto idpa, 
XOJiSHiiÓuaE oxEHaTB. «Mh, — EEmeiB CeMEjysEHCRiR, — ch rpycr&H) 
ocianuE 8TE pocRommifl iťicTa ByxTapiin, ynSu e JEjjaŮu, 
CB OTCTynaK)n^EM'B na xonoronnyiD CToneHB BpecTBflscTBOirB. Mh 
6ii cobÍtobsjie ebetbce CK)xa Eyme-^xe-IIepTecy, HajiBCOBy uh 
Jlapre, htq&l yBEx^tB bo*o^ík> Bnoxy RaMennaro nepioxa». Ilepe- 
ÓpaBmncB sa rpaHEiQr, ccapoBftpQ nocenxECB fb ^synrapiE, na 



1) XoiO'* K^ Airairb Scrop., Y. 
«) „B*CTH. EipoiíM", 1880, YI, 467. 



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SAnou o moíE. 303 

if^mpiy^Tfík n% 6uio w 6(V4v nejiOBin ci seHaMs h isjknuM^ 
iO| wmaOf Bce en^ tfBJío 6au8ků^ h omb ncmwh emfi pan iiq)e- 
l^anc^ n Typ^^an^ sant cooffaqan 00% diowh UpmeBŘihcsiŘ , 
n eioel «MoirojdH». EircTBa s CBBraaiji crapOBftpoBi no ca- 
iipciot laftri npaxoJuuuHCfc xo nociiMcnro qieMen* Ocojio Tok* 
ctt Bi 1860 roxy orapsn m 60-rH Bepcraxi on ropoxa «i«l* 
ioe> ciapovi^weioe eejieBie; MHorie ciapoB&pB, no otewBOi bíitii 
tenr, aan «6eraaeMpTHiie»y n octpon, xpyiíe pastfisaxECb h 
BOVD noxosrH csoe ssnoie. Bi^ 1857 roxy no p. Kspnuríb ro 
BOcnmioM Ch6hph orspuTO 6ujío crapoBtpvecsoe cejieHÍe BapoiťB 
co 114 fjmuMM. Tidlra craHOBirca se 6eBonaeHO«) m,msí 6trjie- 
qon, xo mropBXE Boe xoftepamcfl «8ae&xaT0jni», HaépaHHHe 6on- 
noD HacTBV) im sonouvett, eje-rpaxonnirB, Btvso naHHX^B h 
npoHiBiHX% n OsCdpE Tpanm jnoxett, aavs Tpaurr& xntaro 
3B^. GiapoBipii, DooTOMy, BBm iqeiiOTS poxnot sexn Ha apeen, 
^sf^ama b% aa^ruHro Hei8BÍCTByK> crpany h ronopan o Ba- 
KMvio «B&iOBoxfci» sa rpani^efi aanaxHofl CitfRpR cb Komein. 
ne iioci^xHHMi míAcňBWh «BtjiOBOXBe> x&BcTBHTeAso cyn^e- 
CTByer&y HO ero se onpHjni, TavB aan ga rpamiiiy opoHauKyrB 
ci Tpyxom. Gfl<SspcBÍe specTBane nacro ornpasjíaiOTCii i^xhmh 

eeMMHH ICSafTE 9Ty 0($ÍTOBaHHyK> seHiK)^)... 

Axraft — ciapHHHoe rHÍi8xo CTapoB&poM, pacRUHyBoiHrB laxi 
wi 6oraTBa, xjMopoxHJua caia, h xo cim nopi nepsncv Bpa- 
nn wTh — noDH v nompji. Eiqe vb 1862 roxy, reHepajr&-ry- 
liepBaTqKb aanaxHoft Ct(tepii BaHysxeni ůun ^pkaiBHO aanpe* 
nn vfiOBHnam zoxffrb no crapoBJbpqeeRairB xonaiis o(K4Moií| 

MO^MP, eiOBHO Ha 8BÍpfl, HJIH BMÍ1B][BaTI>Ca Vh HTB X^Lu, 01<$a- 

PKn» Kram h npov., ho aroro sanpeiqeHia h sHarb ne xo- 
te I ne xoxan, mas lasi bx ohobb uHoraxi MicrarB Oh* 
<Sipi aureyTL enie nepsoÓUTHo: saiMOKE wbn, aiacrett ho orpa* 
man H iipaBJíeHie 00Bq>tHeHH0 CBotexHoe... xu aacHjnif. ^h* 
HonsH HO npesHOMy np^xo^a^M^n BMimiaaflRbCfl, ■ HOipaBHmH 
so apesa^iy Hoiyranirb no 500 py6. sa lasxHl MOJiiTBesHiitt 
xon. Hx% BapaapcBoe npecatxoBaHie xoxoxhm xo HeBsaocHMOi 
wosBSL ^)... y ciapoBipoBi pacnpocTpaHHjiHC& Taai-^HasvBatHsio 
^ttoxrae <5pan», sMiacanHue wb rojo^ir, ^obchctbo BOSMyra- 
Wfc lasBiTB ync^flxOTeHieH*^ amiHH, h namiHCB npeciixoBama. 
^ ((bio bi 1868 roxy- He roBopa yse o CBanivl B^pu, ho 
ttaai cBiTBpa caíM — sroft ochobh oCnteeiBa h rocyxftpeTBa, 

O CemuywiflCKií, ;,aiio«, 1868, V. 
') MaiciMOii n, 237. 



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S04 Btcmsi iBfODi, 

6uM Bapymega, h jdxh BertxOMO xasofi EpaBCiBeraocn extit 
BpHBai&cfl B'B ceMBK) ciapoBÍpoffB, ^mX^ ee odobopetb h Hcrpe- 
.6iiTi>. fyiůBenctw ^^piiaxBHHiai TpeíkmtmauM* offasaBuo bd* 
jMTBim H ceocBBXB flanajiBHnoffb pasBOXHtB CBOAHiie 6paBi, 
cuofi pa3B08HTB HO pasHJuiťB MictaiTB «cynpyron^ smmn 
HHorxa BO B&Ko:iBKy jAvh vh 6pwi h iiribBiniixi ;^Tet*, i 
crporo cjiixnE, mo6u pawexamie ae cxoxracb Mesjqr co6o» 
Ha «6jyxHoe SHne»... IloaiiVJi se, kb cbok> oiepexB^ npeejAr 
;^erB BoioeTEBs BJiacni sa HepacropaBeHÍe laioxi ÓpavoBi h opi- 
BJKsaen btb s^b «jrraiOBHOfi oiB^TCTBeHnoen*... Ho OfjĚOb saci- 
xaiejB nociynsjnB eiqe neeraie h HejoB£BOJH)((HBte, Okb ooÓpaiB 
ffi ABawan a&eHo^iiffB-icaiepet, shbiiihx% vh cboíreoitb Ópart^ i 
Bacaxui Hxi FB apeciaHicsyDí r^b h xopsaA bx*b xB^-ipH ae- 
X&iHt fle CMffipi Ha TO, iTO y hhxi AOMa ocraBan^ rpyxBse 
jsjkn ^)... npoxoAiTL roxB h HOBT<H[NieTCfl TO aie caiioe. B% .1879 
roxyi Vh eodbffitvb ycTB-saMeHoropcuro (»pyra na Byxrapiii, 
FB ÓiicBofi BOiocTB, Tfíb SBByTB CesHonoBi^i— THXoo B (SeaMBTes- 
Hoe Hacexraie, orxaHHoe CBoei Tpyxo£K)6HBOl sbsbb^ Bjipyn 910 
HacejeBÍe BOSBys^eBO 6hjo BamecrBÍeB^B Bad^xaTejeft b nonon, 
BSAyBaBQiBXB naiaTB «roB6HÍe» npoTHBi «pacBaia», Be CBOipi 
Ba TO, HTO crapootfpflAi^ii btb aas^xono, cb caMaro Bepeceieflis 
CH>Aa FB 1750-x% roAftxi, ' noxBsoBaiHCB npasoirB bcboibbtb cboi 
oópixu B xofBTBCfl no CTapoMy ycTaBy. «roBeBÍ6» BaiajiocB cb 
pacTopseflÍB (pasoBo^y orHCBBBaHÍa bobobb, saspefl^eBk Óotocmj- 
jseBÍB B T. X* «HÍBOTop£ie B81 CTapoo6paxii[eBB sBqrTB ceMBna 

BO BÍCSOJBBy JLÍTL B BMŠH>rB ByU X^Teft, B BOTB CeMetOTBO pi8* 

BexeBO, iiaTB cb x^tbbb yBOsarB otb onta fb xpyrys) x^P^bb) b 
OTxaiorb noxi^ fla6jK)xeBÍe bojoctbopo BaqajBciBa, HOXBepraB ee 
npE 8T0BX BceBOBMOSBinrB ocxop&ieBÍB]rL». H Taxie cynpyTH pas* 
BOxarcB nocjLi xecBTB b BiTBaxqaTB jAtb tfpaxa... UpB «ciix- 
CTBíflxi* dae/bffmem xosBOJunorB ce($£ rpyijftimee oÓpan^eBÍe, 01^* 
pssyn B 9ic%yim «CTapHfl BBBrB», b rpodaTCfl xaBxaiaifB ^... Memy 
TŠiTB, Fb oxBOfi TOMCBot rytfepBÍB BB 1878 roxy erapoB&poBB 
CHBTaiocB 10,048 xyBix otfoero noxa. Bx x^IcTBBTeiBflocrBi bxb 
BecpaBBeBHo (kxsBnie. 

3a BafixaiOMB nocejBXBCB cmpoBŠpH bxb «ceMeBade», npB- 
BBMaK)n(te CBBBieBCTBO B 6e8B0iH>Bi^H. UociAxBie — FB ceieaiBxi 
lUapBxí, 2£Bpraiii b fb Obbhcbbxb bihhbxb. ^yríe ciapOBi^ 
yBixB en^e x^JiBBie, Ba Anypí, b SEByri ÓáaseBCXByB ^(aiB on 



*) rwera „CKtapi" 1878, J^ 31. 
«) PyccK. B4^., 1879, J« 237. 



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dHIGSI O CIBIPI. 805 

tAuaaejshcrmk BjacreS... VwwuŘ nyiemecTBeHHHn M. H. BeHD- 
lon npEBOxm stiiiiaTejBHBS j»tm, cooÓnieHBiifi ewý vh 1868 r. 
n HpiyrcKl tfiiBounrE HaiaiunsoBfB nna6a ByícexeirB fb npHcyr- 
cmí MHonrB jhi^. BoeHHutt ryÓepHaropi ÁMjpwoA oÓjecth Ile 

WOeHKO QXHAXXH UfyUAn nOGÍTH!^ CTapOB^pieCUfl CeieHÚly B08- 

Eumk Ha npH^tcsolt paBHiHi^ bi 50 — 100 BepcTax'B m% 
Aiqrpa, M Hamen ez% i^B^Tyn^EMH jme na Bxopofi hih na Tperiff 
roj(& cyn(e€TB(»UkHÚi, lor^a sasi BaaeHHHe nocejieHi^a Ba 6ora- 
lon AMjjp/b noMipaiH ci rojoxy. «CjaBHO bh aasBeie, 6paT^II, 
— lOBopHn OETB RpecTBflHairB^ — ropasxo Jiyímei hími sasau, 
Wp(nrB| <iTO y hhxx Aiiypí nojrh (Soiom. Oraero óu axa pas- 
ME^—*Ay 6aTK>mBAy Bame n — ctbo, orroro, no míi ot'b aa- 
lajLcrsa noxaiune!* — «EaKaa ropBKaa ipomal^ — sanŠHaerB otx 
ce((f BemDKOBi O- 

GeMefiCBie, noceuBiniecfl 8a BafiBaion, pacuHyjiH cboh 6o- 
rtnifl ceia bi luoAopoxHtisb xoJiBHaxi orporosi fl^jiOHHaro xpedm. 
dfo aapoBŠpH Hsi Aoporo6yaut h Toueiáj cocjaHHiie CK>Aa npE 
Aibí nsasoBH^ H npv EBaiepHH^ bi 1767 r.^ h cb liziDopi 
Bci spHÓHBinia oDAa «ceifBH» paspoomcB bi o^chb BHauTeaBHoe 
nceieHie, soropoe h hbbíciho no^B HMeneiitb «ceiíefiCKEXx»* 
Bdn 8a<SaftKaiBCRHX'B crapoBŠpoBi^ nacuTUBaioTB xo 40,000 ^). 

OiapoBipu pascBaBHBaixrB, hto ohh nepecejuiaHCB ci Bítkh h 
m crapoxytScBHxi cjo($oxb, h nepeceieme coBepmajiocB xasi: 
m coÓapaiH bi Kajiyri, Tfíb na Óepery Ose, aa ropoxon^i^^ 
muB napoHHo BHcrpoeHHHe aiióapti. B^b anóapaxi 8thx!b mhofo 
aq^epjo Hapo^Qr. IIotomx sa cyxax^ bcsjih xo KasaHH. Bi Ea- 
3UB MHoro BBflaH VB pespytH, a noTOMi i^^mi nom hsi ce- 
velCTffB ůskjn> c^pMHpoBaffB FB ToÓojiibckí. ?acTB HZ^B ocrajacB 
n AiralcBHXi ropazi, bi ÓificKoiťB OBpyri, — HaceaenHoe bmh 
amtcioe cejro OTiH^aercfl ]iHorojK)ACTBO]rB. 3a Bafisa^rB npEouH 
yne BaiHKH HaciaicH. UepBaa napm nua aa ^eboS bi 1755 r. 
fi^Ofai, BHmexmaE cb icapra 1765, npEmia na Hpo bx 1768, 
I mrjfi^ sa HeroxnociBK) M^cra sa BEnypy fb 1780. TpexBfl bi 
1780 r. ynua sa xpe($Tii, r^i xenepB xb£ bojocte: Tap(5oraTaft e 
MyxiqrB-nifltfEpi. Ha Epo npEnuo tojbro 26 ceiiefi — Bcero 70 
jQKB. TenepB se, — npoAOisaexi r. MascEHORB, y BOioparo tiepacB 
morlxiBLi, — ^BiEEiypi, ebi 70 craxo 1,300^ e cinniaTai yse 
nioáa Ha xícHOty sezbe fb oxhomi ceienÍE. EEiypa npoxaHyjiacB 
aa 4 BepcTH fb xusy; craposEJU, T.-e. nepBsie npEmexníie, se- 



O JPjocK. Crap." 1879, n, 279. 
Ó ;,Hp». Eoapx. B*ji.« 1879, Jfc 88. 

T«a Y.— Csmon, 1882. 20 

^. _. Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



306 ncnsn uroiiDá. 

Byn Ha ropi. RasHa, — pasoicaaiiBaiorB crapoBipu, — jíb/fxh sa- 
mHMi ne TOMonua. Ilpesej^ vrb na vtoo ^héobhihbi (ooiKOBBHn 
HBaHi EBaHOBi), ciajra ero cnpamiBaTE: vfíb s«tl?^ — jmsuh n 
ropaxi. OsajiB miTaTb: ^m síni? q^HOBiarRi cBasfmajre: a botb 
craHére jícb py^niB, naieTara n^ensH — n^ena 9th ■ ioiBTe! flo- 
ÓJiaroxapBJíH ero; craiE jAcb, py<$HTB; na xpjrot rox^ HcnoxoBou 
ApyrB OBOJO xpyra crara noe-^ňnn safinoBancfl, sanaeaTECg bjs- 
Euwh. Ha B0C6MB ^BopoRE o^Ha jroma^b npBxoxHaacB. nocejDumcb. 
3eMJui OBasajiacB 6jaroxaTHott. OxmmEj noBecejrtjoi. Ilpiftxan saa- 
soifuft HHHOBHURB H pysaHH passen: «bk-a6 en^e ne noxoxu? 
SSUuBy — o^eHB sajiB^ a Bací— ^! sarfarB h nocjiau^ nmoS^ eu 
ecfb nepeKOAthAu!^ ^). Jljpyríe hsi craposEiovB jípnoáBMJsm wm 
pascRasB BHmiB noxpofiHOcraafH. Ho htb (MOsairB, caa^aia eu 
nocaieHu 6ujh fa^-to obojio EaSnaja b 6%actbob|ue lairB, oKiBon 
sa poxnH^ Óoraio, ohh, baa bi CBtfapB, lose Bofi-^rro nonpaxBa- 
TUB, Aftse HSi CBOTHHSH MHOFo 611J10, — CMsefi iq>irHajni. Sast- 

;(IIBaTB BMH ÓiUTB nOCiaBJíeHl OCOtfilft 9HH0BfiBffB (eVB Cff<$Hp£BOKb} 

H HasHBajicji BOKuccapoiTB. Sbj^b ($£ui— aopon crpacTB bsvb. 
Cbojbbo hh npocHJiB BOMHCcapa nepefiTH fb Apyroe ¥Í^CTO,'-fli- 
Hero He Boxofftm. XojsfUíowh nocjiajiR kb npRyrcBB,— ny, Tam 
bsbíctho Hxi nocrerajiB, ffl, vh nHxajaxi Hasa^i. KoMHCcapici 
9Toro en^e sjíte crajii. He bi icoroiy npHnuocB. nopJ^oíHiH cra- 
pEBB TflxoHBKO nocjiaxB BHtfopHHxi «3a xpe0T£i», nimcKaTB xtcn 
<HacTOflii^HXB» B, BOJE jiofflŘfjThy nepefiTH Tyxa bcšmi nipoin: 
Bce paBHo yiiHpaTB— SA*^ JtE oti rojo^y) bib Tam on Bsyra, 
a Bce se nasBA^-io bc&tb He Bepnyn. IIohlih HaniH cMorpiiBi 
BOTB, p^?Boft-TO nanieffy BH^ypBofi, CB^ia h BHnuH. — Biopaa-TO 
napxifl namHXB, mexníH cioxa, vb Es^ypy, Aopora jraffuta, TO)0i 

BeCHOS BJH IÍTOITB hdbWb HOSHO 6hlJlO nOXHBTBCX co BC^Bd CBOHBl 

CBap6(mi. BecHOft noAomxo namHxi en^ ^oiob^kb xo 200, oXBaso 
6e3B ceMei, cb BOxaiiH, co bc^itb HHcrpyíceHToirB. Bcšxi^to, fobo- 
pflTB, 6uJio nocejieHO ao ceicB Tsicani ceiieft. HocexiBomcBy fpJíTO 
BejiB BofiHy n «TBapBK)», T.-e. ch uOHroxaiíH, soTopHe Hexotiii 

HITB A&BaTB SeiUIH H THaiH EXl BOHl '). HsO BC^Vh dTETb BO- 
ApOÓHOCrefl, CB TeMHUMH nOBa BCTOpHieCBHMH A&HHHMB, BHOCIÍA' 

ctbíh BUflCHHTCJi OAHO — ^TO nepecejioHÍe cxvQt crapoB^BX, cbjoI 

OTOpBaHHUXl 0TB pOAHHH H rOHHMHXl 6e3!B MaX^Smet BBHH, 

611XO n/bjtoío anoneefi cípaAftHift, h ne cnorpa hb to, ohh se no- 
rH6xB BB Gh6hph, ne OAH^axH, ne c^&iaxBCB SBŠpoxoBaiai h hb 



1) MaKCBMOBi I, 323; n, 217. 

«) ,PyccK. Kyptepi*, 1880, Jé 337. 



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Google 



sijiHGfis Q cum. 307 

nspepoxHiBCfc vh bbxíjíio xvimĚmKowhy Ban CBtfHpaBfl, ho oeiaiHCfr 
Hft sin BasHiucE syjiitTypHBniH A^flTeuicB. Bc^ 8xh o6cTOflTej&- 
ciBa MH cjiHrnBoiTB satffiBaeafB... 

IIoceiHJHCB OHH, Basi MU celt^acB yBHAHMi, na M^mzob, rfH 
tom MxneBun K iqiozHBajiH mohtojui* JKiisu iixi^ c% caifaro 
HMua 6£ija aecTOBafl. Bob coBepmesHO jíjíjíoř crpae^ Hy^sHO 

6h10 BHOBB saBOAHTB XOdUftCTBOi I{EBlUH8aiÓK>; XPyrafl HapOAHOCTB 

Tjm BQMepja 6ii ors rojoxai ho ohh bíihuh uo6bffaMAuu, no 
leniHi coBepmHJiH nyx^ca, h bx aKOHOMH^ecKOiťL OTHomeHÍE cxoarb 
leocjpB HeqpaBHeflHO Bame ciISHpflBOBi. 

IIpaCuBi cfioxa, obb ieocí^h xžbfSrh vh AOďBHaxi, nepsner^B. 
CraiH HOAHHMaxBCfl Burne, vh vopuusi saBpuTUfl nhA^ {ji(imf[Bu)j 
TorjMi flBHJBCB yposBB. 

SILnsHB HXB Torxa noreBjía npHBOiBHJte, ohh iqtcthjuicb b'b 
ToproBJíH), CBopifi nocrpoHJiH ce($i i^epBBH, pasyBpacHu hxi bca- 
on <6osÍHMs MHj[Ocepgpeii%> h mhpho xojuubcb zpacnafiCBOMy ^ 
Boiy,— HTb noTOMi Banpen^eHo.., ManoBaBi ropoffB BepxHeyxBHCBiy 
Bcr^HaeniB oi^^^ionpB A^peBHB, BaoejieHHQa oahhkb ^ceMeicBHiiH*, 
in jtt BB dfšcH c% ai<ÍHpflBaMH: 

Tapóctamaú (mohp. mapCoiam — cyposi, Arctomys robustus). 

Eecmepeeo^ no p. RyfiiyHri. 

SffHOAeú (MOHf. xyHUMií — xúJtOffouŘ ziycrb, cupot Birep^b 
nep^t^b HeHacTBeirb). 3xícb ecTB i]iq)ďS0BB, lenepB sane^aTanHaa, h 
xeKaÓpHCTu, meAmie B!L 1830 r, h8'b ?htu bb IlerpoBCBÍft aaBOA^B, 
B^liH BB BOCBpeceHBe, BBB^B «Bcfi nuH BB KOJieuHyK); KysqaHu 
n XUHHuz!L apnaBan CHHaro cysna b vl xoponiHn goCojimxi 
maosaxi; senntHHu fb m&iBOBsxi ^ynierpifiBaxBy hb roaoBaxB 
menoBue niaiBa, BiunHxue dozowwh h cepetfpoicB*. TenepB hb- 
lero Moro hítb, 

HadrbUHO. 

^mpm (moht* xojioahhí, icoposniitt B^px). 

Éupum^ (moht. npBcryns y c^x^a). 

Mapuxa. 

^fpuaiueeo. 



Éap6, npa neft BapcBaa ciaHi^iB, 

Mffxcp9rI3u6upd {uoEV. Bcmoiul eUHBBB). 

Soetdú 3a%aHz (iiOHr. t^atans— ($%jaa rjiflHa). 

lEapaxdaů (moht. mopaify^ — somifi, sojirue ufiixjn) ayx- 
7n (scMifl bjibhoitb). 

^^OAoů {uom. yMHz-xoHxopó — BpacHBfl rjiHfia). 3aícb mo- 
■tti epyCaiB specrB cb ^acoBHB. EasasB bbb dypaiB (bophitb) 

20* 

r' 
''■*SlL-" ' w Digitized by Google 



308 Bwnnci uraoi. 

BJÍ8X HE xpecTb ■ eshJFh ero py6BTB xonopoitE. Oahsb wh ce- 
Metcsarb yse npHi^^^aea fb Herc hsi bhhtobkb, uoůfunyfisfr 
auiHi TOBapH^aííH. 

Xapai^ (MOHr. TOpHU Boxm ^^ HveHH xnow, sax^Afn^arocs 
cpexH ^(epeBHB). 

On BepxBeyxHHCsa m-j^BOi sa xpetfroirL: 
OmopM BpiiHh, Ha p. Epsesi. 

Myxcph-moM (MOHr. BOMOiafl cienB, xpyroBina cienHai^ o6poc* 
mafl j^m^)— HexaBHÍft Biiceion msh HoBOt BpaHi. 

ILo ipamy no ^Hry: 

HmmypÚOHCKoe^—^víCíUQiKb no p, Byp6%. 

yíH« /\iimau, — BHcaiosi. 

6*^ zpetSrax^i: 

Xac$}>iiia (Monr. ejBHHSi), — ceiceftcBie, i.-e. ciapi^ftpH m 
HHopomeffb. 

iZínpojKMfiCKoe^— Biíceion nn Tap(Soraiu. 

EeKAeMUfmecKaíi^—jiiici^o%% bbi Myzopi-IIInÓHpa h Tap6on* 
Taff, no BHBOBy. 

no CBCTeiri^ p. XuBa: 

EuHtfpa (MOHr. (^jiips). ?acTB BasaBorB hbi Óypan g(&ia* 
JHCB ceMelCKBMH nyien ópaBOBi, san h BHopoxuH. 3;^^ exrao- 

BipHeCBafl I^piOBB... 

0KUH0'JKA9aHeecK0€i HaB&BaBmeeca npesxe no - MOHroiBeBB 
Yxum-ByMifn (Yxnwh—nuí poxonaiajiBmna) óyAUfa^ziwím)^ 
IIonoBipi H 6e8nonoBi^u. 

Maptupmyú (mm. Myndypmifů — CBJBHuft rpa^i). 

EtMwma (ifonr. tohhjbhsí ópyci). 

no CHcreiii p. ^BBoa: 

YpAOKz, EcTB npexame, hto Borxa rjrh nen ^ÍHHrH»-XaBi, 
TO pascepABjíCB, htď no-MOHroiLCBH: $;p<ua, OTCK>xa— ypjos^. Oobtb 
eABHOBipHecBaB i^íepsoBB. 

Kakjhu. 

Bepxniů EapuM. ExHHOBipHecBaB i][epBOBB. 



lanuoeo, BSB^cnioe cbohmb BpacaBHi][aMB sennvuiaiiH* 

EpacHuú Spi. 

MoAO-ApxameÁbCKi. EíxHHOBip^ecKaB JififWBb. 

JCoueuu. Eabhob. i^epBOBB. 

Eapoicoeeo. 

^ypHoeo. 



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Google / 



3Áni€si o cnm. 809 

AtKoeOj sRByn crapoB^sr, 'HO zoASn n apaBOcaasnýH) i^ep- 

EÚVbj n SopOTSOBO. 

fyuAe: Pfb^iKu. OůMuneso. BunsMa. Saxapoeo. ^ MoMCeAUiai. 
Tapuups. 

CaeuHU. ExHHOB. i^epsoBE. 

no BHTaftcBofl rpaHHit^: 

ynbtpB (moht. «iifloro sopoB%»). EorticTBO nB^pA, pu6u e 
xjftfo. HexftBHO OHH orpatfjieHii norpaHHTOHMH RasuBaiiH, SRBy* 
qpoi 6oj%TOy coBepmeHBO pasHyímHHO h xsbo, soropse cuoft 
OTHUH 7 HHXi Bci naxaTHBifl semni, Aaace e& nocii hhiiitb na 
EMa xji6on. 

noxib Kflxiott: 

MtiAbHUKoeo EM BbeodecfímHUicoeo. 

no xíbomj tf^ry pten Y^h: 

.S^cďirHiR TaAU^u (Tajiu Boxa, uiohb) O* 

CeMefesax qepsoBb vh Bynajet AaBHO sane^aiaHa, h ssíejiH 
cofiipaDTCfl MOJBTLca vh MOJBnTCHEiie xoMa, soaeiHo, 6evh ajirapn, 
10MB nocrpoeHHiie wh ^^aBnee, cucrjBBOe BpeMfl— IIonpaBjflTB hu 
aiapenieHO. Upn BésoTopuxi hte hbxi (Íeu'b BynojTB cb «b%b- 

W&Hmrb^ RpeCTOlTB, ROJlOROttU ■ BOJOROJUt, HO noci^XH^ BU* 

pisaflCB AeaHRaiBO, OTotfpaflii^ a bb bIrotopsizi MOXBTBeBBuxi 
KHiaxi nojiOMaflH b caMsie Rpecru Ba kjuojA. dmwh JU)BaBBeHi 
«qpecTa», — npexKeracrojiBAparoqftBBaro au xpBcríaBBBa, — coexH- 
HemmrB a OTBiriem ^yaRoro BnyB^ecTBa (ROJOROJia, RBara, b %to 
flosaxercfl) saBBMajiflCB BOBaxB UooojiBCRoro icoBacTupa y BattRajia. 
B^ 1841 roxy bpbChjir orryxa MOBaxL Ch Bac^aT&ieMx b BpB- 
ran ch oo6m> ^ypira-BHspeora (Rpefl(eBáro)i ^lotfi ob^b cpy- 
5m ionopoii!B Rpecni aa MOjejiBflim. «IIpišzaaB, cnp^iBsaiDrB, 
(íyxjTB JB 6yBT0BaTB, Rorxa cxasyTo^ lOMarb Rpecm? CRasaaB, ixo 
Mt dfíijThy OBB cJOiuuB»; xoíšjifl sanewraiB caMyio MOJiejiBBH), 
m Hm Be xuir, sa uo 6um oŮMiBňenu 6yBiOBiqRRaMR b cocjaBH 
«6e8B cyxa'. H botb Bpe^B BaicB RpaSBO xpesBu Bdtfa ci pas- 
ttUBBBieDCfl orpajvm, b6o BOspaBuiB saspe^eBo^ amco orpai/Qr; 
UKk má RyBOAi BO den Rpecia, rjuxnn RaRi-ro crpasBO a 
mo, ciQBBO 910 Be Htoo MOJiBTBa zpflCTÍaBCROify Bory, a RaRai-TO 
«B(BaBai» ^rxBpBB, zoii xuce b RyiiBpBB y brcb jnsasavm^ sar 
aiBMB, B (k)nB0 ctaBOBBiei sa Rpecix... Ti se ÓesBaRasaBBiui 
lymeiBCtBa Ba^ pejiBriei coBepmax^TěB b bb Sasa^BoS Cb6bpe 



*) Ciíaíbúi 9TH wzxTU Hsi Banieii loposBoi 3uarcHofi SHiri. 06%McaeBie moh* 
MMom BttMuríi HpBHaxjiexm mActhhmi xvrejjnfs, roiopjimnn vo-^Tpncn. 



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Google 



SI o nofuin ibpocb. 

aacixaTejiMH m nonoBH^iet nosurHaHHiixB mn mson 8a iieroffftcrBo 
H 6e8rpaMOTHOCTB. Orapooópflffpi) sHBjíEiie Ónn Bajmayjia, n k^ 
pemsTh BparomKHHOt, HmoS IIOBajHrt, OqrjoBot, AHxpeescBOt, 
Kpatt^HROBOffi BusBaiH Kb ee&b TOMCBaro enncBona h owb ůcul- 
TEJTh HiTB mí^cto noA'B i^epBOBB, a ciystfa nora npoHSBoxuacB 
vh ^acoBHi. Ha nocrpoflBy i^epBBH Bct, ({orarse b (HMvHei Hecu, 
irró MorjiHy h roroBtfjiocB BejiHsoe MtoHoe Topxecn^o... IImtpovjh 
i^epBOBB, craiB Boxpysats xpecrB, ho n ary mnjTj Heoaurxano 
npECBasajii aac^A^Ten IIoHoiMpeBi. npHBaani^ HOMe^iieHHO piso- 
6paTB H paBiOMaTB xpaiis, — ohi phsh h yrsapB cmommxl rb Hnpnn 
H OTxajTB Vh bojoctb; y crapoB^poBi, Hanp., y naBa oůfnwauj 
IIjaTOHa KparoniHHHa,— JHHHOCTH BHCOKo-HpaBCiBeHHOi, o($60paai 
Bd BHHTH, «8anpen(eHHiifl» (?!) h HesanpemeHHiifl. Ho ho bi 
oxHOMi btomí uicA tfyĚcTBOBajťB noHOMap^rs,— H FB xpyrHX^s, 
Tjíb spa 0T6Hpa4i Bce nenamnoe^ 9t6 HonaxaJOfB hoa^ PT^t, sa- 
nparaHHoe on crpaza bi ctonnan, bi aMtíapymsaxi, mwB pas- 
BiiM% zjiaMOiTB, Ha itaciurB, h TOMy noxotfHBxi TatHHBan... 
BHHrH npenpoBosx^t^cB b<b lOHCHCiopiio, cBaxBBajncB 6e9B pas* 
<{opa, iipoxaBajiH(% n Hori^axE om nosila, h, lumetHO, npn la- 
BOMi BapBapcTB^, HO vajo yrpanrjiocB xP^bhxs pyxoiraoet, 
iBOToptiH, xojfXHO A7^a?B, etapoiApii yaocHJiH c% co($oh) hb& Poc- 
ciH ^). Tan, Bi dTOMi BaH^ajHBirib saci^aiieiet v xpyrax^ an- 

CTet, CB^TCRBrB H ^XOBHUZl, HyXHO OT^aCTH HCSaTB npEUfly, 

omneio notuffAU ^p(i^o^fbHHnamH dpeenin pyK(nmcUj x<sfl othob- 
Hífl KOTopHxi TH^eTHO HauparaoTB cboh chjs pyccRaa Haynu*. 
GrapoBipH se, BysxucB BHaraMH, bxíctí cb rbwh cjioman uo- 
paxHUfl pln, xan hx^b BHHni Bajraioica b*& HpayTeaš: «a 
HpKyrcvfe xBacraH)n, vto raiifB^Ae y apxiepei Hamaxi crapooewp- 
HurB HBHrB Ha fficsíTB Bosaxi ne CBeseniB; ace naBopOBara o» 
naci ceMHHap^cm h noorotipajia nonB^ h bcibíS, aoify h ho Haxo* '). 
Ho HaaoS ocRoptfHteiBHKift h He^iaiBHSift bbkb npexcraBuen 
eana i^epsoBB, Koropaa saitewTaHa! ^HoqpexH (k>Amoro, m^Koaro 
cejra, na caiiot mBBot yjnn^, (mŘjsfí sAcaoaBao maroas vbcto- 
pony, — roBopHTB oxbhi CHtfBpcítt HBCiíbxoBareiBi— iBii imune bb- 
coKía xoc^aT&tt 8a6opib, HoreiiBABnilft on apenran h BenoroRU. 
Hsi-sa Hero noxaiifaerea KpziTSift marpoiTB, tose no^epn^Baril 
i^ojTB, c% o6wtoK> Objíoi aBecTBio vaaoBioeio a TaBBirb me spec- 
TOBi; noxHHBaercfl bojiobojbhh cb ÓesMOiamiBa híib^ soiOBoaawu 
BoBpyrb 8a6opa rycro paspoeiacB ipasa; toubbo exaa savbraai 



O rasem nCi^Hp**, 187^, » 19. 
*) MascivoBi, 11, 219. 



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aimcn o onni. 311 

ipoBUia npoBexen MCb ch jmuM kb EB6asbmtíL saumei, no 
jf^ijD ciopQi^ satSopa, Boasi ÓoJBiiurxi Boporb, bíiho saoep- 
nm nsejramb saooBCurB. ^epen aiy Mrarsy bh BxoxHie b% 
oÍDipBHi XBOps, ciuoiiiii nopoemift fiypBSHOMx, BpanHBQtt, (ttie- 
nfi B xpynna oofpBuuu TpuaiiE. Ha bo abojtí, hh obojo i^qiBBH, 
sin otesHOBesoam suBitOB%BOiOBOjieH%)— rojjóeft bjb lacio- 
%n; Kb Tpast oe meioxnercB hb oxho Bn/dbmuoe; wpjvowh Bce 
i^cio E Ej^xo. Hfas HBBBXDn) iquBBBBa juishb; hbhto ne Hano- 
naaen loro, ^so Bon noi> ($oboíi!&, bi híÓoobexb mararB 
«s orpiwii HaxoABTCB Óomnoe^ Óorame ceio cl paBrynnsEui, 
(toiie H&TB TueiiHHUKE BaceieHÍeicB, cb cbook) o6umoio shshbk), 
a xepeBeHcxBifB HpavxBB^flHm mynoiCL. 

^IlaiycEHSBmifi; pasBUOBnalca noMOcn, noBpsiTuS lu^ceHBio, 
Bpq)oeBnfi :^Bofi, Hxen b^b pacipEnriiiii ABepsEi nacoBeHEOi 
BBsepnu BsoĚXBTe na naneprb— h opexB beme ÓoJBOUta ciBop^á- 
ma XBepB vh esMyK) ucobbb). Ha xBepE muB, nayrHHa, BepeBO«a 
I BJkcBoiBBO BBiraaHHHzx zycouúBh f^wROTO iqMM^Haro cypryva. 
3mi-Ta ejpsyrh m eciB iqMnoHa laBOffo sanycrtHU. Btotb se 
cjri^yTB noM&Eaen b Haici bqíte bb «eoBEB>. 

«%o0^ yBBxaxB BHyrpefiHOCiB lacoBHB, Byjuc noBepeyTB cb 
Baoepn Baopaso, fb Be6ojBinyx) BOiiopBy croposa: lairB wh ct^hí 
ipoiffbiaBo fleComnoe obobkuo^ kb Boropoe bb^hb bcb BBjTpeH- 
HOciB HacoBHB. OrpaBíHHirB, noHTB iconuBBHMx xojH)AOX'B aesE- 
JOTO BAeia naxoen na Bac& Bxpyn bsb Bioro OBomenBa, sorAa 
BB flpHiossTe Bi Heny jfl^o. CsaHau rjasi, HenpBBBíHHutt Vh 
Bonoaií^B, Be MoaierB bevto paBiBiBTBy noiOMi noHeiiBory bu 
BiiBBaeie pagjBWiB, xaB'B (%ji'ierB boix, noBpuTiift tojictiiei 
eiotMi hbjb; beabto, bbbi no oanoi cpexBBÍ ^bcobsb totoesb 
nepHja, lepBfa, notXBEiiBDTeB ci nojy, xa Bnepexs vo-to xaaoe 
tMecrwn^ oipascaa cjia6HĚ eBŠn^ exBa npo(5BBaH)iflplfiCB cbbosb n^ejB 
la czaBQi. Ha samé cnczBe ojieo obbo Bnepexa ocrajiocB bbbi-to 
aBÉasepro iojcroarB. Ero oisopBJB; qkmft noiOBi ropB^aro cb^tb 
xiHByi^ jFh lacoBBB) fl ocbítbjtb flxoEOCiaeB. Hboeh fb eatb 
Wfítwh TBBi E sBECxpauECB, 8a<SiECTajfl xoporEUB OB^axaufl E 
laioiemurB ^bomi. SatfjBOsajB xannaffi, noxcBÍ<i3BRB b napie- 
nii oxeawi na erojBBaxB s Hajioax^. ^se canaB ekub, ctoi- 
tea goxwpBBca sBepxy^— b tb, ocatn^eBsaM jyiaiiB cojiflqa^ 

SOB B. CBUiaxaCB, mSl B XOXBXB no naCOBB^ SOJlOTBCTO-paBEOi^BtT- 

BUB CTOifiaiui, TojBao no npesnei^ qrpoBO b Heiq«BÍTaEBO cno- 
Tp&aB WHBaB jiebb BBOfli, noBpuTBie TOJCTBiMi cJH>ein» nfiUB, a 
BBBffí, sa nepBjaMEy obojio ORome^sa, sasajiBCB en^e Tennie, emfi 
rjB^e OTB CB^TB, sajBBmaro nepexBH)B> ^bctb ^bcobee.— Haaon 



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312 MCfEMKh npom. 

CTOsn m caoHn o6uma% xierarb, nospirme xopomiH oies- 
xam; noffcrt^HHSE fijecrjm, xan ioibbo-hto Bomi^eHHHe he- 
sanyni; HenHoro oÓosseHHHfl cst^ui ctoatb re noACsi^HHian i 
MMMMWPh. Ean&L H6 nHJBy BOTopu i^bjnie x^cstbe jribn lo- 

StfrOI Hft BCe TOJCTHmi ClOnCHi to KOSHO 6u ŮOJíO UOfJMATh^ W) 

MH hocítuh i^epsoBB VB ffiuh xaKor(hmi6yx^ sejniBaro npasAHna, 
M6s;^ dhyrpeueŘ s oÓ^ett, h vto ctoitb toabo noxosffu^B le- 
MHoro, .KEKi paswcTCfl SBjrHHBft, TopseerBeHHttt (SiaroB^n cb 
K010ROJBHH9 pacTBopflTCii HaciearB bc& osea, saaayrai cbíu, bb- 
roHflfl OTOBcn^QT Mpas'B h imiB, pacTBopmcfl cb mynoirB HftciesB 
xojro sanepnífl ^BepE, h BiiBxén aobojbehI HapoAi? pasoA^nil 
n(Mipa3XHH«[H0M7 vh ÁíapxarB, meim h boioto» ^). 

^acoBHfl era saneuttHa no pacnopgaemw) reTOparB-rytfepHa- 
Topa Pynepra ero ax^BDiaHiOMi 6. sa xo, ^ito erapootfpafflu He 
zotíjh yBasaTBy rx^ cBpHBaerca htb doitb Bapmesi, Boioparo, 
oxHaKosi, OHH noTom cam npHBen vb B. DioiTeBHBi aBieps 
BToro coBpyinax>ii^aro fjmj oincaHÚi, ubi zpam doxii ciom 
saifypoBaHHHtt x^a juoxeft, ae osHa^m hojhoI ýaiiuiH m^ih 
laHia (zoTH H HasBavB Pynepn); ho e bi HpByrcBi, h bo Bcan 
3a6afiBaiBŠ hbbíctho, hto xyrB pasyiriteTca iffiícm BeŠHOcuKon^ lo- 
Topiift, no cjiOBaiTB crapoBuoB^, íbxhjtb no ceMeScBnrB caM» cb 
nymsaMH h BotcsaiíH h sacjiysHx^ naiiflTB o oetfi BXHapoxHnxB 
paseBasím h jiereExan. 

Xora y ceMeficBEz^ Banepm i^i»be e noioicaflH Bpecra, ho 
CE($EpflBE9 no obměny yfi&MeHis), Heepoenenm (hbdutbe pcAuiiosHum 
HyecmeoMBj \hrh erapoB^pD. Mesxy nocjixHEME Bcrpii^aiDTai iDff 

ECTEHEO peJETÍOSHIie E 6jar0^eCTflBBie| T.-e. BHCOBOSpaBCTBeESBe, 

Tor^a BaBi Mesxy CB^EpnaiiE o lasEn HOCiBiniEO^ ecjin tojbbo 
se CM^niEBaTB panrríoaBOCTB cb xansecTBOirB, bojuobctboei i 
maiiaHCTBOirB. He CMOTpa na to, crapoB^piZ} cjiobho JioBieS ctiBio, 
OBpyseHs cflÓEpcBEME icflcdoHepaiifl, Boropsie, bm&io nponoBÍx> 
i]d6be, 6paTCTBa, xpyxa, BayBE, noHciEHi HapymaxrrB seMCiiS 
KEpiy pasciaBaa noBcvxy ex^e o pacBOJŠ, bbbi o 'tce%-io 
ajOBpexfloirB e aoctoBhoiii rofleHÍa. Kbbb he ipyxHO, ho yxep- 
SEEca oxi sejiasifl BacBBBaTB o hhtb Bce^ 9x6 yxaiocB bb- 
xixB E ysnaiB bo Bpeiu naniErB paBifexovB no SaďatBauD, a 
BxicTO 8TOFO9 npEBexeiTB jry^me ME^EÍe oxnoro i^ocB&KeHHaro 
CBfln^eHHEBa o noAo6HHZ% MECcioneparBy pasiiBsaBrnarB tn 
«oo($ecixoBaHÍji cb pacBOJiBHHBaME*. MECcioHepB ifjSTh CB EcnpaB- 

HEBOMl. IIpE^ÍIJE BX COJiO, BOBUE B^ EBÓy. COTHaVB «paCBOJB^ 



1) Ci^opBmsi řaseni „CH6ipi>*, 1876, crp. ^24. 



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Siflicu o ciBiPi. 313 

Hiion», «KasAitro ujamEny z saaMyx) 6a6y wpnuBaLn n 
ceA icnpaBHHSfi k HanHEUs nopoTB, h ^acH^mecB aochts, 
incEuan n (m^r npoToiepeio na yB%qaHie».— «IIoAiiHmHCB, — 
roMqMixb orei^ nporoiepett, — ^to sejiaeniB 6iitb npaBOCJiaB- 
flun, H nopoTB T6<la (iojihme Be CyxyrE, a sa to, ^to a sa- 
DpHQT leÓBj xaft MHŠ py(SjiHiiiKO». IIocjí Toro icnpaBHHKi BSfiai 
CL Hm ISO TpH jfyójut ^n piua», h 8th xHccioHepu orapaBUHCB 
XUiBnie.— To se 6hjoh bi Gh6hph. Hmpoxipiy Hay^eHHae bíbo* 
Bmi onatoirs, roBopan: cpyceaafl BÍpa Aopora!» Cjy^ajiocBy ^T0 
MiodoHepH xaBi sacraBiAJiH apecTHrBca npH noMO^H seiccBoS hojhi^v, 
KOiopaa opH BTOiTb He cRymiJiacB na poBin ^). JíyPJVOŘ nporoie^ 
pely — npoxojsaen CBflo^eHHHni — Tose 6wch mcdoHepoMi. «To 
6iupb IIjK)msHHi, ía Tonso pfixuey xft oaBsxHjiHHe 6y6jmsff, 
10 y Herc b% oxboitb toi&ko 6aHKÍ tišijio jip 50,000 p., h npex- 
nojuraiocB, wto ecn h eo^e rx$-HH6yAB» ^). DepesecHTe aroro 
nawBBHHa Ha CH6iipcByn nowy e& ea TpyovMJHKicH nomniaMH, 
a ei HpaBaMHHHMi HepamecTBOKE, » ea Óesi^epeiioHHOCTBK) bo 
Bdn OTHomeHiaxi, h bki nojfjrure cafiapcaaro MBcdoHepa npa 
^nnDBÍpqeao& i^epaBH. CTapoB^pii, KaB'B Bdbwh HBBiciao, npio* 
dfiruE ce&b nowat^ h xiuse bobkoshoctl pacnpocrpaHaiB xamne 
Cioe y^esie dbm, tto «0TBynajuicB» on nonOB^, a drnrb AaBaia 
nan bosmoshoctb HasBBaxB rpoMaffuia cocroania. «He lasi xasao, 
— mmevh^ MascBicoBi, — yiiepi noiTB, ornpaBHBmítt bi tfann 
36,000 p.^ H aapoxB o&bacaBen> bto tími, .^to sa AOBBOieme ae 
(Saa y acnoB^xa xuaTiri no 1 p. sa xymy, a hto Óubsljiz opa- 
mí^, sorxa IIO0S npoxaaan npaao nepexoxa asi npaBOCiaBia 
n pacBOJťB sa Taaoe HBirosHoe BOBaarpasxeaie, saxi, aanpaMtpi, 
Igm uaa). Oxaai, Haapaiiipi, exHHOB^^ecsiS uoite ŮojLbme 
Hn»o He xi3^ai%, saRi tojibeo noxcMaTpHBan: ae TalaoxM- 
cnpon JB? 3aH'6THffb^ BToprajica bb hb^h, KucorajTB orciyHHoe. 
Vj^ ae CHoran cam, Tyxa npariamarB Bac^xaieju, o^^qaa eay 
3M p. HasHBH* ')• He Myxpeao, hto cb TaaaMi HapoerameMi 
iomcmf HHCBOiBBO ne pacapoerpaHaerca npocBÍn^eHÍe... Macdo- 
iQ|ÍB «B CejeHraHCiaro Tpoaqaaro Honacrapa namerB, aasB bs 
1^ roxy^ *n oxHffB npeapacHBtt Maflcaii xeHB^ oai 'bsan 
eiapoaipoBB. IIo xoport ohb Baic^xajB XByxi veiOBtai, 
lich. OxaHi asBHaxi 6uji& «xpaxjniS crapaaB*. 



*)'Oi||podBo: mamiOBi, hct. vsdau, U, 238. 
^ Jřj96. OmpiHa.'' 1880, YIII, 705, H cj. 
Ó a MMBcnion, II, 285, 286. 



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814 

Ohi BpvrjacBirB m «ii9AofiTH n CBoexy aimasy^, ■ iraon 

— y BEC^ HŠn CBaqaHGTBay wkrk h coiceBii!— rpemnM^ 
yMHuB ctapoB^prB) B^xoyifiBafl o tbsoicb noHaTui o «ciiMeBU*» 

OTB^THjrb CBpoMao, HO ocip^yMHo: 

— Ho itn HixtaiCfl, «o sMOffQ^HsI^Xb fioiia cMpeMůsma 
Ham Eon nonjerBy k hb onanaeiicfl n cbmhi ciiaceBÍ&. 

— y BM^ H^n qepulii 

Ho TjnrB crapmipi yse pate^p^uuci. 

— BaKb se rihi j^bií? H y hscb «» qe|isoBi^ túmuo 
ho n tfpenmn, a vh pe6paxxl 

Bi jgB(yroi pae^b n Kynaiei, rxt croizi^ saiiypomiiai AopsAM: 

— Bh yxauefftCB ort ^ejmn? 

— Eivby MU He yuoBaeifCfl otb XpHcroioft i^dpara^ k oia 
eoh Vh naflmrb cejieHÍH, XA miuo ocnm noemaHa ^)* 

OrapoBipH cBQHXb HMon xarao ae Hid^sn:^ h. bož cigrai;6ii 
H Tpe0H lOMMHaiarB ycraBímiM. Bs Micrmos^ esaiixianuas 
wbMfimMmxb yaagaHH Taaie ydABHfOBH 1880-ro n»^). Cssmck 
cn^B^pAHE Vh Poccíh wme ^^aBBo ne Hiišnn, o gbobs^ 4^pm- 

pesaz H H6 QIHXHBaiH, H HÍB0r0pafl CfiOBB ABMeiCa TOJIBBO lomty 

Borxa DpnoAHTCfl iio<Íi[BatB Hona. Borxa jiBuerai lafeoft nem, 
o<bmoBaHHO jmeji/mŘ aai npuocúiaBia h ho cmnoia spioBl 
B% ydiaxeeiaxi, mtfik AepaoBB pacHa^aerca aa ffa CTana a sas- 
XhS Ha^BHaerb eotfapaTBca hb oix&uHyK> Hoienrao. Ilpstoríe 
laaafo nooa — Hpasj^HHSB au HCiipaBHBB(»!B a aacAiiaeieft, osa- 
^ynvm «jiobhtb nona* h saeiaBiflmqaxB crapoB^poBib pacsomeia* 
BarBca.«. 

Ho ctAfibnismh^ cotfpaHHinrB r» MaaoniOBHirBy acmpia j|0- 
áHBania ceifeScsaMH aovMs ecTB apraasas acropia. Bi 1812 r. 
amin y Haz& noiia b!b Hynaiáteaot ^ep8BH, HBaaa HerpoBa. 
C^iBjwai KB Mocaoy a vh 1840 ffldam ce&b jqpyiaro. Haai 
ipecnm MjaxBBiieBXi fiacocAOBaui^ HOBoseHORB k. aocpeitarB 
juepwnii. CoaepiDfln ovb o6pa^ h cnpaieica» Uponan, 
crajiH ojri^TB^ acaaiB, aanuH yace m iitoo ero apeteBaiia, jm> 
ceiieiciúe yonin cnpataneco KBnfMoi a pAmaiHCB seBsunUB. 
npxmoKB rea^ajTB BesHoeaaoRB c% BoScioirB h c% apKaaaaaien 
BBflTB nona cajrott. Geicefiesie CHauaa ne HcnyraiasB^ xo aaiwi^ 
rjiaBHMiiQixi H8i> HBxi, oBpyseHHHXHb TOinoK>9 ooixaTa BilBeiH 
B!B noje, H BaKi bi 6yHT0B]^HB0Bx npHifljnijnicB asi pyiKfi h 



J) „HpK. Enapx. .B*ji.«, 1879, X36, 87. 
•) Taní «e, 1880, Jfe 25. 



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sinenocnm* ' 315 

nqHMJiH ^ja, bcÍ ynara na xaiteH i oCibmikMU BsxffrB nona. 
yseiH mepaia bi ropa; n roparB nona oiixaiii; bo oiura($en 
imoa cnuo ZBTb «HeMosHo, yT^HiienHo*. Ilocjajnr bi Pocciio 
I n 1850 r. ffióua Hosaro mma isi Kaiyni. Ha^ajiscTBo onarB 
nycTuocB na noieBi. SaoixaTejfB, ysnaBin ora mnionoB^, ^ro 
Don TannMH) ^acia do^x^ts taltrofi h CKpsnoft x^porofl^ sac&n 
n Kjcjňx% H nofla Bssxan^ — cnaTKn, CBSsan, OTxan CBorarb 
iipOBOsaraiix, a caxi — bi ÉH^ypy, bo iyx& npesx^ ero npEcsa- 
san sio-TO h paBCKasan n eaírb o toitb, mró tBqniTex. 

RiKB TOÍBS9 sacšxaTeďii noBasucA vh Tapaeracli na yjm^i, 
lieRaiBso oon wjobísi tfpocnjocB sa aero, butsd^hjih bsb ber* 
BttM, v TBo^a no yiHiiš, fiBJHr, xy^ajiHy nacir&xajiiCB naxL hvii*b 
BceBOBMOSHmH ciioco(5aMB. npHBeu 8acix>nM K& Hsty E yrpo* 
xax eHj CMepTBH), bumotu y nero npBxasi ornycriiTL nona* 
CiBpttKrB, BBXfl npHBasi HanHOBHVHirB xpoman^ex) pyROio, ne xo- 
Tin noím orxaTB. Torxa bc£ oeiitb HasrayjniCB sa Baci^atejui, 
m Ba^Ton paaioxEHi hbb ctuipEwm o(k>ponixB ero. 3ac6xaTejis 
HttBcacb Bitq[)o8 npHBas^ no xoropoiiy nona n ocbo6oxub. E% 
cnoro BMixatejiB ceHetCRÍe Bce-Taxa sanepjra m csjíenB. dera* 
(^/m^ BBBinpBmui o coůaňE^ «y(isai8^ vh HpByrcKB, caM'B 
FiBBuii HsiaiBHBKE npíixajrB Vh Ba^ypy, laosoBO noroBopnjTB 
ck a mp onftpftMHy CBJíonijrE na omycBB Mdbunseu h na Biixany 
looat caMHXi me BBHOBmrB crporo naiasajn* Ilona »roro noca- 
xut n HpByTCKÍtt MonacTopB, h 1860 r. ciaportpu aajin xy- 
im, ¥ro «onflTB naxo nona BunHCBBaTB* ^). Tara Bce nuo xo 
1879 r. Bi OTO Bpena xBJíxeTCji hobbS nowE, iLetex^FB. GeĚiacx 
le wnipaBBBB^, ne Tenepemnity a npesxift K. (jBOJienL), n saci^ 
UBeiB ChnpHM^ H8i^ nonoBH^el (B8rHaffB)--Ba noiesH. Ilona ne 
nuDm^ BO x^Hinr bbbjh xopomúi. Ilomb oxnam cmpo noHepi. 

^ Bavh y nae% nonB,— pascsasiiBaian oeneScBÍe,— npiciaa* 
lEft XBB MocxBtaí, ^ó^jra; a Bik Ty nopy mfAffmMewh y nacs 
ten 9«, — BOTK owh H npoHDxan Ban^to, "iro octb y 
mik ma%j a vfíb nvenno, ne iBaen. OSacBBBajrE-otfiieBHBajKB) 
H x naoten rxi*T0 vh noxnojní ciíMh mejlu. GjynjrocB aro y 
ORM (ía6H. ApecTOBan obi^ ee^ cnpamBBaiB cran. CotipaucB 
onprauiy noTOXKOBajniy xa h nopiman neperoaopnxB cb «6apB-- 

Ei» (lasi napox^ soBerB Bac^xtroin). «BapBB'B» roBopnrBy iro 

'Cotfepare Baarpa 5,000^ — roBOpan^^sy m ^prB Bac% 

B OB nonoiTB, BcxaTB ero ne <(yxy!* Mbi 6b[jo eiiy 2,000 



O lÍM»i|»» JI, 220. 



• ■ ■ . ^ Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



316 BSCTBUl ttPOOH. 

— KyAhi H cjnimaTB He xo^en* En^e 1,000 HasiiHyjH, — Bfepiaii&, 
BOTB urB TpyxHO tfiLio... Hítb, ynepciiHa 5,000. Mei^ Tin, 
sac^A^ieA AO 69í6fh h a^^k^ oxothebs 6im. Eatfii b Bsxyxuff 
ero npoyaiB. IlpHinejii owh Kh a^bbí 9b tfasK), 6atfu-io Haspiui 
er9 H H36H1H TUH nopaxP^o, a noiom enie HaxpyraiHCB: o6ra- 
AUH BcerOy san eciB, a& h ymie. Ta se 6a6eHKa, u% xorepott 
OHI npHZOAHJiXi no(íftsaaa re upaueme h saisH^a, hto KaRÚi-TO 
6a6ii H8($HJH «6apBHa» xo CMeprn, nyctL ero yHecyrs h» ea (SaHH. 
Ohi nepBoe, savB oiHyjca^ nocjan xonecenie, hto 6yHn, (U11111&, 
crpamHHft Hsi-sa loro, ^to ohi, ^ysnaBi, T)íh cspaBaoici som*, 
xoT&n 98flTB ero, a apeorume, Mon, «oonpoTHBjfljuiCB h hb^rii 
ero Majo ne xo cmepra^, h xonecenbe-to Hocjars canojiy renepan- 
lyt^epnaTopy b% Epsyrcn. QopyraiH m tfadi^ npHCVHpíLn i 
caMB: TBiffiWhj ^Tb ({yx^Tx, H Bumio^TO nwhj iro leneps syrio 
BcnoMHHTB. ^opesi Hex^H) npnCím eam reHepan-ry6epHaaropB, 
rpa^i (MypaBBOBx), ch asn mhofo cbhtb: xbí poni cojxan^y xbí 
nymn, x& Basám na npnxa^. Bobki cb posraiiH ($iijra yse na 
uoiAaxB. Ha^ajEx obi dkB soro nonaio, bbb MysBBWB, <{e8i 
KBjocepxÍB. Bh6u b pefiaxBHiBB noxHfljB BoS, BpHBB— tfixA nmcmgj 
Be x&iorL MyasBBOBii i^injaioTCB sa bbxi^. Torxa on npBBasaxB 
($a(^ B x^Tefi HaimĚBaMB orroHBTbi b eojxAian CBOiiaixoBajn — 
npB nacL pysM sapixníB nyjurHB, b otfxxBBJí-B, tco «eciB ^lepesi 
xecBTB MBHyn nons b saHBBn^BBB ne BHfixyni hjb bxl napox^ 
ne BHxacTB, xo npBBaxerB crpiuTb 6en pastiopy bo bc%xs». 
Gtobtb XMypůtt laBoS, na Hacx ne CKorpm, a vb pyst uch 
xepsBTi. Goiffk^m pysu jifipmtLVb Ba fotobí. BxpyrB hbi tojdh 
npoiaJusBBaercfl b buxoxbtb bi roBepaiy tojobíbb b roBopBTK 
«B non!b B 6eTB>« Bhhijb xpyríe b roBopsTs: «]m — BauBo^BB*. 
TaBBXB HatipaiocB ^eiOB^Ri^ 15 hjb 17. Obb lyrs se bxi^ hb 
njOHVtXH Bex&TB saBOBaiB bi py^Bue h nosHue Banxajra. Uoxb- 
ixaao 10 TpoevB, hxb BcfacB nocaxBJB cb cojixMaMB, xi^ apoMi 
Toro, 50 hojiobíbi bobboh) xub b yBosn. Korxa btb yBesji, 
HacB BHcrpoBJíB BBpflxu, a Borxa mh bhctpobxbcb, Bejin^ sas- 
XOMy x^CBTOMy ^eju)B6By no 50 poaorB x&n lyn se. IIoBa HacB 
HopoiB, xo tÍxb Hopi caMi cMOTp^n. ApaiB xoaro, a boh^bjIi 
OHB otíiBBBXx, ^TO XBÍ poTH coJExarB ocmHyTCfl y Haa sbtb^ 
^ro6u ffLm bitb BBapTHpii a BopxBJíB <ki bxi bo Bce spěna xst- 
poMi. «Eorxa, — roBO{«rB, — ysasy, tto bh HcnpaBHiBCB, BOBBBy 
cúJifflTh npoiB, a xo TbTh nopi, ecjiB ÓyxyxB saietfiz aa BacB, 
TO Bce cejo nepeceJD bb ďByrcByx) o6jacTB!» BenepoMB obi yban. 
TaBB, — 8aBJiE)HajiB ohb cBoi BpoBaBBflpascBasB,— MHBipaaro k 



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diracu o cmpi. 317 

noc^mci aesHaeii^} sy^ia x^bejte om> HamHxscrapHBOBi— cjobho 
Bi BOxy saiiyjH! ^). 

Mesxy rbit^j vtaeh coBepmaiHCB noxoÓHHa HeHCiOBCTBa na^i 
u>KbUK, ciapoBipu npexciaBjífliH cotkno ne 6oj£e, san irapeyio 
peuríosHyio o5iAHHy, nocBflTHBmyio ce&i ne ^aHaiesMy, ne ces- 
nn^KaBot nyraHBit^ xsicn, ne lEupuijnv) bhícto bí^ph, a xpy^y. 
^AHaTHSKa, HeHaBHCTH El xpyrHifi jiioxflMx, SI xpyreiTb B^pairs 
— H§r& B TÍHH« Bi Óoumixi noKOflxi canaro sopeHHoro CTapo- 
Bipa K vh npHcyTCTBÍ£ era h ero cenH, sypn xatfasi, cboako 
lOHemL, H TOJBBO Tam, rxi otohb 'riteHo h labasi ci HenpHBKHKH 
krs rjtsa, — CBasyn b^sjhbo: «6aTH>iiiBa, buxb na XBOpi, nosa- 
iytcTa». IIoTreHHHB aBxopi ^SaM^nH o saÓalKaiBCBHrB crapo- 
o6pixiiaxi» ^) co($paii cj^h)iiu2 noxpoÓHOCTH o&h hxi peiH- 

ríOSHOfl SS3HH. 

«Bi 8a(Sa9BaiBCSHMi crapoodpamAm exBa m ophmíhhhh 
BOHffrifl o pacBOJiBHHBi H cesTatopi, lasi Basi ohh caMH hcbk* 
xyiuuni HHBasoro o6pflAft| se couhajh hh oxHoro xoniaTa, ne 
opicBOVAi cetii orb xyxoBeHCiBa hek^koS npBHaxjesanieft eicy 

BJieiIy — OXHHMl CJOBOlfl, HH O^HOtt ÍOTH HC UpH^aBEJIH H He 

yfiiBUH vh iiepsoBHOMx ycraB^ npaniBi loro, BaBHMi ohi 6biji 
n xpeBHefl Pyci. 

«yqeHÍe Q&h aHTHxpHcrt h (liHSBoft bohhhhí idpa, — yienie 
otfflf^ BcaBíMi cesnuťB) h iími exposé, sanyraHHie y^eme sa- 
soi^BHÓyxB ceETu, tíici 6oiie npHxaeicfl BasHociB anrHxpHCTy. 
y 8a(Saftcajic]uixi crapoB^poBi y^enie bto ne Hadpacusaeri xaKOfi 
Bpanoft T^Hi Ha 8H8HB H BÍpy, Basi yxpyrixi. 06iaHTHzpucii' 
yHOMiHaeTCi toilbo vh TaBBZi cij^uvb, fb Basexi noiuiHeTi 

ero H BClSÍft 06£IBH0BeHHUfi ^eJIOBJ^». 

Bi TO xe caMoe Bpeiai, axy pejiHríoBHyK) ceiiBio iJOffiŘ cjlobo 
«pacMX£HHS!s» ptaseTB, Cjiobho Hosem, no cepjp^, — npoeiše: 
umcwrh HpaBCTBeHHoe ocBop($jieHÍe. 

' «KaBol BH BÍpH?-*cnpaniHBaen hxi dSícbffmxb na cjiíxctbíh. 
OiogrE eetíik d^xHasH, HOiyniBi roiony h nepeHHHaacB cb hofh 
H| Hory; nrB 6o2bho, xocaxHO, ctuxho; abhiei ne BopoHaercfl bh* 
mnEB noBopHoe, poaoBoe cjobo. 

— CaMH BHaere, Bame 6jaropoxie, lasi h naniHTe. 

*^ Aa nowiTB se a sHaH)? A Hamnny xasi) a Tam oaaseTca 
nHa. Tu €sasH, nwb a h 6yxy BHaxB. 

— ^ MU, H8BÍCTH0, cxapoS B%pH, Bame ($jaropoxíe. 



H Jf^^^BOk Kypiein'', 1880, J^ 887. 
' ^ ttifttn lAseni sCHóiip]*'^, 1876, crp. S18--8a3. 



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318 BMmsi Dpomu 

— jD^a HŠirEy (^larei^, lasoft Bbpii h nasamej ne noxirteici; 
Hy, MROft se? 

— Eyiaje&CEOl, — .6pflKHerb BaKot-HotfyxB rsj^octxKh^ xyícaa 
xoffl HasBaaieMi CBoei powi>foft x^P^bhi oxx^Mtbcs ors npawro 

OTBŠTa. 

— H vraaott Hin, a ecn son pacaojiBBSBB hooobjiwhcioI 
cesTH. 

— 3x1, He nHiu tu nowuyficia saa pacsojiBHHsaicHi — ee 
jiiaÓHiii icu dToro... He pyraft HacB bh sa no, hk npo iro. 

— ^TOStb A^MTB, 6paTI9l9 HeJlBBI, BaaoB^.. 

«n BuxoKBTh erapoatfiMU^'^ oti oiiAOBaTeu oqpopfiaeHnd 
xo rjiyÓHHH xynuiy cl roroBsiirb npoRjflríeirb sa ry6acs, ch sa- 
TaeBHOH) 8io6oH> nporan roBHieiei h en^e ob 66zhm^o ysipcH* 
HOCTBK) FB CBoet npaBOT^, 6ÓJKBineK) TBepxocTBH) FB ytfiameiriH — 
BÓTB-^ a cettnacB cnoAOÓan FocnoxB nacrpax^TB aa Bipy^ — CHecB 
nopyraHie. 

«Biižcio nona cjtysarB ycraBn^HBib. YcsMmja^h cjyj&Bn, 
BpecTHTB, «flC]ipaBuen»; ho oho^ ho kosotb hh BŠaqacBi hi 
cotfopoBaiB, HH ciyasHiB otf^HE) H noTOMy ero HaaarB ne aojukho 
CMimEBaiB Ch nonaMH. ycraBn^iBs — npoeio rpaMOTHHft ^mu)- 
sis^B, xopomo HsyHHBmífi i^epKOBHHB ycTa^B, ne tfojume, h Be 
HH^^erB HBBaKoro ocotSennaro MEcmieataxo snaieHu, a ecii h 
nojBEyeiea o6mfiMi> yBasemem h ffivbfi&mj to He aanb aT^eob- 
Haa oco6a, a aasi wj[ob£kx y^eeiiB, BHaH>ii](íS fiojtfie fi^yrob. 
droTB noioTi A^ctaB^aerB eny ne cans, ne ^ewl^ a anaBie. 

<3ayTpeHa y hhtb HamaeTca obojio Mficam ^MQVh Beiepa. 
«ABaBH» BHopexH, nepex^ odpasaMn, pasA^JiaoB Ha xaa aupoca; 
OBOJío HHxx, en^e 6aHse a^B o^pasani; ABiBH-^iiajiBnKH; uocpóffBi 
jCTABmjaxhj a nosaxH bcí ocraiBHHe ÓoroMOJiBqHi seuiHuuu na- 
npaBO, MysuHH HasŠBO. ycraBoiHB^ noBaffirB otfpaaa^ HCUosBn 
Ha^aai, H HaunaeTCfl A^BHaa, ao caicaro pascBÍTa, Hczaaio 
BceHOB^naa sayTpeHa. E^ očpasy, BiueoeHflOMyi Ban h y naci, 
Haq>eAHHy, noAxoAanb ho-abo^ uaBuiKxrca oópasy; npHJiosHfiUBiCB} 
ooflTB xasoft se noajOHi; hotoitb Hai^aB)rB npoo^iTBcay TO-em 
BjaHflioTCfl xyiTB se cpoAH i^epKBH Apyr'B q^yry fb Hon; ^exBqwt 
HOUOFB yecaBHviBy Tose kb hofh h, BasoHei^B, narsifi Bceiiy 
HapoAy*. TasB, na AasHci oapasHi (tosBaro idipa^ bi rjrymn, 
BT> spaH), BOTopiiB BecB npcHurcajcfl xnn^Hn^ecTBOiix h jui]](eifip|eiii, 
coBepmaeTCfl ancoBift o6psiXh 6paTCB0fi jikHJbh, AOBecmiflcs otb 
caicBixi nepBBixi Anefi xpHCTiaHciBa! 

«noBo9HHBOFB oin^BaBOTo^ HB AOMy. 3a noxopoHaiiH ciiAyK^ 
noMHHBH, Ha BOTopue npHrjamaeTca Bcaúfi semoaiitti xasi ^ 



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umtmĚ o onm. 819 

nffXi^ {(ocariie .wxh mpiun noMnMmfBTB xo caiiaro Devepa. 
Hb rasa se noiaraeics: «^90-xe 8a paxocTB Tana, no6u bhho 
mtf » — ^MNBxy rbwh ukl y naet XBse noMHHRH cnun zopmcaro 

«B^ AHv, HasHiaeiíiie «poffiTej»» éjih ^fpmxbeme^ sen- 

WHOioiKy ne^esmrE xjňúowh^ 6yjiKam, sajawMH h isn orapas* 
mma fb MOiienayi). 3xi(%, is^cjA naoovb h naHHXKXu, m esH- 
xum eiapiiu h crapyzH notiW^i npefu^ufecma^MHO ouCtspauKu 
UŘ MOKMHqa, lOse es cxBORonaMH, ho toibko Dycrsimi, v bitb 
p^pem Bce npoBeseHHoe*. 

^l(oD{KiHeBÍeir& m dioicy MoaserB cjiyzirs lo, ^6 tbophtcji bi 
wpeBflflxi^ no TpasTy, r^i norxa BcrpftiaDTCfl craportpH. HxerB 
H» xepeBHi napnjr cckahbxi, »ii«jh BiiHocarb noxaima, — 
tfCfía xjůKky (fyjtouy^ afii^o, ho y oxhoto xona, ri$ hhboto ne 

nffO, eiOBTB CTOJTB, nai^HlTHa ŮÍJíCĚ CBaTepTBK), K Ha HOITL, 

BHfcio oxHdl ůyjam^ raaiaxe^ft APyi^ na xpyra it^aa ropa 
éoomxrs xiMovh, h apecraHTH choboSho noxxoxffTE k ůepyvh. 

— ?T0 9ID Tasoe?— HnqiamHBaeniBy h ooiy^aems b% otb^: 

«TyrB xHByn cmpoB%pii» ^). 

GnpaoiraaeTeB uocjA axoro: xaBoro se craponipavs nysno 
«nooa»^ KEH, HHaie h b^h^: ^to se co(krrBeHHO sejiajE 6ei 
nfíkth crapooópflxifii bs CBun^eHerBi? 

«JIy9mlĚ iejíwbB!& bi o6niHfli, lapomo nraHiiaBmúS bc6 ea 
Ypefioiami h crpeiueHia; ^eioBŠBi^ sex^bhiíí SHBHb h a xyp* 
H(A H CB zopomeft ccopOHH, ho ne HorapramiS b% OoptSib ch 
HW HtrsocTH H^pxiia H SHepmecBaro crpemeHii bi xo<5py; 
whhAk^ xopomo SHaKUiqĚ 5oj&niHHCTBO uenoBi o6n]lBHi[| 6Aro- 
oocnurae Koropott ecTB ero co6rrBeHHoe ÓJiarococroanie, c% boto- 
pm ooh bhojihí CBBsaHi h narepiajiBHiíMHy h HpaBCTBeHHHMH 
m^ecaiiH; BxodaBOBs, lejiOB&Bi (^toaro yna, ((eByKopBUieHHoft 
^MecBesHOCHr, isepxHft vh cbohz'b y6isxeHÍHxi, ryiiaBHHft, 
pumoBHiifi, — Bora Basoi (»in;eHHHB% Hyseni 6uxh úu xm 
vmtfA íJŮa^^MU. Ha se ^leiOB^KB^ no cbohitb nosHaHÍairB b 
nAcnoĚ erenenH HpaBCTBeHHaro xocroBHGTBa nojiyiHBniit SBanie 
ij B03!oparo ofiiQHHa npHrjfacHia, sa mebonsyio njary, 
y cefti i^fsoBHyB) cxyséy, paejwiHUB Tpe({ii, pas* 
Bi vsiAcnaaif cxyiani HexopasyMinifl sHiejiei h xftse 

* %a BacaercB xo o^Branaro o6pan^eHÍB vh npaBOBŠpie, to bto 

^) CpuHr. MascHHOirb I, 42. 



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820 merapn ibpoib. 

jieciOBOCTb. H. CoKOJOBodftn «Hob. BpexeBH* (aHB« 1^81) roBO- 
pm: ^BípwnOj slByI^ie vh npoBíHipizi o6pan(|UH BsíHiUBÍe aa 
yrpv>iais TOjniii ciparo iDxa, no učiním xum, no i^iíma 
nex^jiiTb, vb cjuBOTby .anoft k zoioxi, lero-ro omixitiNqU na 
KOHCHCTopcnxB TpoTjapan; cornaHEHt ci CBom saxojycneBs, 
ji>;rB 9I0TI tfesnaxexno cm orpm na nenpmimBoe axanie; aa lo 
HHa^e CKorpan na nero soHCEcropciie unosHnE, Rto se are 
juofM? Kto se 8TH My^eHEU? ^ ora Ky^nneciai TOina oo- 
CTOETB E81 cospaiEBmEzefl, E «sxen cBoei o^epexB nxni» — tt 
TBŠn^eBanie!.. Biuo^— sasiDuen no^ieHEiiS as^^ aaiifan,— 
nicKOUBO cjy^aeRE o6pan^eEiii vb exEnoBftpuo «E8BteiHED[i» 

Mipaiffl, no 9TE MipH E peByjBttTH BTh ffi TOTO BCilCB TOBtCTTO, 

^m) roBopETL o BEXi coBepmenno junuie*. 

noHiTHO no9iO]fy, "iTO, npfl spioBOl o6munol SESEECiapo- 
B^poBx, népexoxi vh exEEOB^pie ecT& oxbo jebib paaopenie ^eia- 
viBa. npofosaa no ceKetCBOicy Taptforarai), BcrpiueniB Óoranl 
XOMi ^atfynEEBxi, no xom pasBanBaeioi, Boe vh nem iqMtuo, 
napoxa bítl^ e sEsen bs nem oxna jnniB crapai xiBymu,— 
exEncTBenmift noroMOVb 6or&ToS Boria-TO, o6niEpnol e no^nenEdl 
ceMBE. ^ecTOJiDÓíe saijio oiEn ?atfynBHiir&. Ohe no&uui 
SI TorxiUDEHeiiy npeocsan^enEOiiy cl npocBtefl jcspoxa y nm 
exEnoB^pnecByD i^epBOBB. ExEnoB^pneciit npnioxB x^tcTBEieJOHO 
y^pexEJCE, no n nacTOin^ee Bpeiifl exaa je na6epeTCfl XBaxRBn 
cenefly nociotftDnpiu exEnosip^iecsyio i^epBOBB n TapCk^rani; 
cavE se ^6yHEnu nocrt npEnaiís exEEOBipii pasopuHa, a 
B$BOTopHe xtse yroxHiE bi KaTopsnys) patiory. 

TasoBO Boo6nie y crapoBipoBi nojosenie qepBBE, T.-e«otffl(e- 
CTBa BtpyE)n^BX'B, e TOttBo xaiacrpo^ 1-ro napit ciyuSmaa 
o6pa8om npEnecia.Eiii nŠKoropoe ofiiervenie, xora e ne naxoiro. 
IIpE BTOfl laTacipo^^i— saBfB coo6ntEjE naem, — 0iu% j6wrh cnfor 
o6pExei^ MajeBETO, timmift kb ucjí xoHBOtnBirB, e on% Ósn 
nepBHtt MVh ciapoB^poBi, BOioparo xobbojeje nyCjmKuo mďba i 
noxopoBETB no xpEcriancBOiiy o6pExy. «OTnÍBaBÍe npracxoxuo 
na caMOiTB zMAjfiBmiy Óorociysenie coBepmeno ciapoo6pEx^ecBBE% 
CBEqenBEEOiTB, Vh npEcyrcTBÍE exiBOB^pi^eBi noxotnaro. dro 6010 
9T0-T0 Heo6ii^noe, norony ^lo eqe cb 1852 roxa sanewraEH 
6un Bci ciapooÓpixiecBii KOjejBEE, a norpeóenie yconniHxi xos' 
BOjeno 6iuo toibko na Bojbobomi bjex^ee^, 6eao BCSBaro na- 
nyíCTBia yconniExi» ^). Bb to se Bpeiu bi^ Mocbbí vh nepsni 
pasi OTBpHBaeicE xpam xu cnpoBJbpoBi^ rxi^ onn ciysan 



*) ,Pycc. KypMpi", 1881 Jk 64 



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aincn o (mtn. 321 

«eo^rt», no dymo npmeceHis nfwcfltv. IIocj^ nepnoft crpRŮtí 
n¥oitfmtítom %jaL]fimiíb 5 »aprra, Rorxa coBepm&iacB npncara, 
n BocipecHHĚ Mfim, 8 Kapím^ cx>xa cteuva CTapoo()pflAiw co . ^ 
MĚ MecBBH xxfl TojnKOoiWHHaro Óorociysemfl, BOropoe coeep** 
Bdutt GfapMhsie crapoodpflx^eisie CBantefiBora^ orei^ Maiccani, 
OT^ nerp^ 1 oieq!& rpvropii b% cocjiyaBefiia x^H^ xi»flaoaoK& 
I njnr eq^otaovt nŠHÍH nŠBtni, BunieaHsiuxs h9b TycjiHiTB... 
GnpoiApH c(í^96fn KopaflHyio pyccsyio o(tepiHHyio xeshi^i 
anjn «o6ii|n«aiH»| KOiropua, pasuBosaflCB^ (yrfjbsnmrb on ce(ifl 
BOBU o0fl(BMi -*— BucAJma. Ho otio^Hfia Hx^« junnem csodoxHi 
Bnenr, h orenxa — bcš ea Heeiacrii, Bce ea ropě. OeMeficRni 
oenuueffB mrš otJnpBHHe crapoeni (crapniBffiiX ho b^bojiocthua 
Ki«M, Buáhcio HBXi, BiHtepaRma npaBOcaaBBFue^ T.«e. CH^apau; 
mufCfTWh toTO, exHHOBipilu BHdHpaioita H Bi Boioenrae hbíhh. 
ivd BaeaeiQf xo oemiBHBrb «iipaB%» Bcero exHHOBftpiecBaro 
mteiemsíj to ohh noji&syioitfl npaBOHi — njtanm noxatH, xasatB 
pem^yiS xa oirCiiBaTE BeicwcjiMHa noxBOffi nojrh BceBOBxoacHurB 
mraBflnoBi, jiOBapeí^ apeerantoBi, nonoBi, B(»ar0CCiogepoB%, oott- 
mSttepovh n m nocaixBxro npioMBuiaa na no^, — noxi htb 
atts, jDÓoBHHi^s, pe<$ar(, npLrrejeS h nvh fjáJtbe ůevh meujbl. 
Ckip^si nojiosHTejBHo Haxoxaicfl ^ wpwMonmofií saeucuMocmu 
m sadbxareMfi, BOdopiie Ba upaBTEsl coexifHflBm bs ceOlt 
iWmeTpBmivHyio h cyx^dnyH) BjracTB. SacfixarejiH bth HM&DTb 
8i co6^ yjte xJiraHoe HcropHfeeaoe npomexníee, Bce nepenoi&eH- 
lOB uoxíifHiiíMHy xaKb, Hanp., Sameopwu^íAú^ sacixaiejiB bi& 
ypmAy H BOiOM^ ^iíttOBHBirB npH MypaBBeBt, dRmiS posraiíH 
^Moqr (kixaeBCBOfi bojiocťb,— xaB^ HepUEcsifi eac^xan^eiB Gypoe- 
^ rpi0BMDÍ He TOJiBRO tforar&rB, ho h hh^hx^, nonaxaBmHxca 
My no xoporiy OTHHMafl y kopo pyCiB, y kopo xm, — siufii^ sac*- 
iMttl J^Mim&iot^riA, Bi 1862 r» orpa0HBmiĚ na ÉHBce^ Ryni^a 
AtofBOBBy otBXBfsňA j Bepo ^3,000 p., Bce HnyBe^ctBo, xase 
|Mi <& HKOffB, a Bce ocrajiBHoe orxaBmííl Ha pasrpa^jenie IsaBa- 
4rib % H tfúffh 6en Rom^i. Sac^xateiH dm — pasnne Ilonoebí, 
J^kmoeUy HoHOMapeetíty BHrHaHHue m% mBOjrB, a hotohi nojy- 
1ÍM& Wh cBoe ynpaBjeHie si^jyio «o(5mctb», hjh yse HCTHHHue 
^MlMi» Go6paBmiecfl oroBcioxy* TaRORB ůan oxhhi h8'B sac^- 

HexaBHO HBFHaHHIlft H OCTaBHBmiB 8a CO(k)K> XJIHHHHt 

BQiKařo noBopa. EesrpaifOTHiift nonoBHi%, en^e o^eHB 

■f BO SHpB&S H HaxaSBBKtt, OIBTB FB TeWHie H^eBOJBSHXl 

iiliP'=M^BBOBe3rao KB spacHoft pytiax*!, cb Banaxoft na fojiobí, 

%M T.r-<teTABF&, 1882. ^ 21 

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322 BWioBS nroiB. 

GE ^BoaBe|Km% h maoiKaft, Aesth m hohb cttKaxi no mpBsn 
cěWĚĚtMMWb cenili, to, ^10611 o^hnitb ce canefiCBaro, ci imÉiv^ 
ci Cypofa, ci CH^ipixa-icbJBiwaiBHBsai ch bofo hs nosaiOt ^"^ c(h 
pBUB da QOHa, sa iiqiirBee tíjo, aa iiew>jeHÍe roiOBft •rpa<fau 
cyBAyK^ TO yjBi aaopaím o((uBBTb xq^eBncn: odliaei wtá 
Baasxu BH) CTonBy-To; to, earpaHyn vh lapsoe jl thzo6 ceiepe, 
oÓruTOTB «xoifaMi», qTO o«k fiaM^peoK $ff6cb saBocTH «xairB vepii- 
H0cni»; to ffiúarbCSL yse, ^lo napni «iobbo nauaxyn» eiiy 
sa CBomrh x^Bymen, hjih, BCAixPTBÍe ^apoS npsBHnx Tpasirt 
JooffiŘ, aroTb MCŠK^mihj iw>poBeHniifl (SeaipaiiofHiift Myaann, nocB&* 
^erh erpaoiaTB npocniz& jnAet, no oh% — nncaven^ ^iro oia 
corpyxnnBi «0h6bpk», ito owh botb o^hutci «Ha aeaiAPO hb- 
mmen CTHxn», n bcjí^b sa Tanm naxaiBcrBCMrb — xp^rw: nep- 
Baro nonasmaroca &bjífísauk isyBJb^EHTb, mb:b mo n extian ma 
c% oxnnirB in caMefiennrB* Gxuan oob tu% aobb 1 Bovb ((eoift- 
sasasno, nosa ^epeocxb nonoBHia ne Aonua ao loro, hto Ofl% bb- 
ciaBajL^B na oxHoro rydepnaTopa, n ero boj&bo (kuo uporatik 
B% pyBaz!B jiOMfiÚEMXh dacixareiei nasoxHica bcb SBsnB crapoBi- 
poRB, oxonoMnecsafly ooipajisnaa n xase — pejHrioanafl!*. 

GeneficBafl otfniHna spšnsa ociaTBann Bopennoro napoxBBro 
ofiinnaro npaBa, no^mi saCiiTaro y citiHpaiOBi* «GaiM> ociaeicfl 
BpinBHM& coB)80]r& poAHTOĚ n ne pasapu^ena, nxb y wxro 
ocrajBnoro cnteponaro nacei^Emi; noetoMy crapoBÍ^ nEBoma 
H6 CMimHBajuieB nn cb nnopOAiMUín, nn cb usopaBnHMi, h co- 
xpaHHjn vh oeói oceobuoř thui pyoesaro nejOBiKa. IIonfeH 
CB nnopofftaMH nirB, — ^nuipoiHra Toro^ caam uopoxmi, a VíácA 
cb HHHH H cntfHpaBBy tfoBi BCBBHn BmcdoneposB, 6e» bookA 
nponaranxHy oahhicb umB nyiem ciywttnim 6paB0M ctbbo- 
bbtcb ceneflCBBiai, T.-e. crapoBipaiai. 

CnÓHpaBH xEBno yse na^aie nepioxB caoero BsposieBU. 
Hsyiafl, nanpnicipiy GH6HpcByB> senn^Hy, neBOJiBno sanivaeBSb, 
vnao TlnEB ea pacnaxaeTca na abí pfena n nepaBHiu ucth, oj[bí 
— pycaii xpyi^u— wpnag, ch ^epmixa neapacaBtiMH Úpowua. Uegr 
BUBj HeqMtBnenno nenBuna no uuy, a vb nniixi iriterarB 3a* 
({attsanB, Hep^vncBa n no BceA norpanauoft jiniB cooiaBiflD- 
nÚB coBepmennyK) pixaocTB, en^e coxpanuH na ce&b pjomsi lepnc 
onn ropasAO x^bareiBnie, ynnie, npBjiH9EJte.«BTopiiB| cocraBiiv- 
nóa tiojunniHCTBO^ T.-e. ^HCioapoBEHa CBÓapauE, lapniour-— aiSi 
MCTHiexBnHy BOBiqiHB, nassaro pocia h cb (SpaiucHMi (Cyparpam^) 
EXBL (Spai^BOBariorB Tanom. BooÓn^e, bocio^huí cntiapaKB roBopan, 
OA^BaercB, nHiaeix^ no-SypaTCBE, senaTCfl na dypaTsaxs, a ff^Me 
B^pyerB no-dyparcBE^ h6o «niaMaHniB> cmío oCfaueirB y CBÓap- 



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dkBMCÉĚ O OIBIPI. 32S 

osaro HiceMHix. CoB&bwh ne to cwpowbpuj ecxpaniiBiirie ce($ji 
ncnm on bcaboS noHftCH. «9io sa spacaBi^ii, irro sa ÓorarapHt* 
—roBopvT^ o;nmb BscjiixoBarrejiB. ^VMMrh lenepB, BaRkmceneo 
i^TB fl npH8&aio vh STOMs Hapox% M xapaKTepBO^pyccRui, ne 
MOiy, — HO xory mb^phib n oxaoinb: kto 6u hxi hh y^Hx^n, 
HcnpeiritHBo eaasan. 6h, hto Bix^jt^ iipex& co6oh> ucTOKpOBHaro 
pycasa. Majo Toro, vro spacaBors memxy RHmi otohb icttoro— * 
OHI n itHiy se BecBiia apyneiitt, cmHiift Hapoxob. ď Bcrpt^ 
fan xase aieEntHro, h He ocoSoheo p^xRO, BeponcoBi 8 — SV^ 
I éorte pocry. Orapnu se 6sBaiOT*B Taide apacHBiie, ^to npflHO 
upocjiTCfl Ha HOMTtfo. OfiH MorjH (ki nocjiysiTs oTJiHnnicE Ba- 
lypn^isaafH xu (Hi((jelesHn CK>seTOBi» ^). 

GHtfipnBa Tjrna, HenpifliBa h ji^hiiw js,o KpaSnocTH, h bmšctí 
erpuHHO BazajitBHa« Poxhtch 7 nea petfenovB, 1 xatB, on nmero 
i^iĚih, nannaem TspaHHTb ero, to esexHHyrBo rptca evo vh 
manfe, to (tojiraa ce Hm, xparaa, sai^iJOBUBafl ero, 6yxT0 
fe OTB J1106BH, uoBom, He KiBafl eicy hr MHHyni hokoa, noia 
iBol pasib He saiiynn ero ffi eiiepTH. Oeiajtca zhbi — tjtb hobus 
Hyn Aifl pe6raKa, na Roroparo — otb cRyKv, pa8i&46x&K>n^ 9^06* 
Hyn ei6HpcByK> ((a6y— ^eseHHnyrno jKMrthj BpHvan, Boroparo toj* 
usm^ 6h¥yrh h Ky^arB, ci paHHaro yrpa b ao noBXBett hohh. 

— Orwro Bamn coofixB rhvh 6£xbh? — cnpaniBBajii y ceneft- 
cKirB oxBBi nffh satesBxi jK>Ae&. 

— KavB se hitb ho 6íitb ($%xBHm} — OTBli^an enj: — ui 
Vfin Ba patfory kb nojie cb ntiyxaifB, a CBÓspaBi^ Bapsn ceOi 
npnnBHt hůĚj b noaa cotieperca patforraTB, eoiBi^e ycnierB yasev 
BBOOBO HOXHflTBca. Ms ysB nepByi) paóory €X'6iaeirB b otxh- . 
xMn, a cfltfHpaKi fb canyB) sapyxyiBn b jioma^B, b ce6a. - 

r. MaBCBMORB, vb cBoeS xoposHofi bbbsbí^, no ropiraurB 
ciiiaBi sanflciiBaen cjiš^yDn^ia crpoBH (16 bbb. 1861): «ch($b- 
pisaME ceiceftcBie flexoBOJBBH. BcranerB CBÓBpaBi — uft nBen, kb 
BUe Hxen— ruxBDiB, ohitb xoxoft Tan^BTca icth^ vb Beiepy ohhtb 
Wa ^afl HBon. XosflffcrBO J^1SL hbtb Biopoe fíbso. KasasB me 
(^puTHBmeecB HaceJieme) napoxB cobcíitb nriSjíiit b HexoMOBBnil; 
IV n nwb OHB na Haci ho noxosB» % 

GeBeScBaa seHD^rna pa6oTfln](a, a noroiiy HpaBCTBeHHa b bb- 
Mbso He pasBpaa^eHa, Baai CHCepa^iKa. Ona 6jiaropoxHa b 
fVfV^ Oxesxa seHn^BHi— crapEHnaa: capa^^ani Bcerxa bpbbxb 
^Anm B EBna^ noBflBaHHaa HJiaTBoirB vb bbx^ ^ainu. Uícbsl 

») .Pycciii KypBepi« 1880, 3^ 837. 
^ MiKCttDn I, 125. 

21* 

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B24 Bionm tmoDL 

K njflcit — carspaHEiu, laux!^, EOMUiySi se cniKam tmepb h 
Ba PycH. Osa neoÓwMBmmBO xteenm^ onoro k xouteno } 
H6i ixen orniBo; Boem tpaqr m zy«e Myinusi. ^M^wa^ 
n ÍK)ii ifšaii(i> BB Ke BcrpArofe n ewpootfpflxucKBxi ceie- 
Buin BH oxHott ^ma: wln ujmnsrh^ seBonn, wase xbpon, 
lOiHO BIO iia'JOi noBHMen aa pa6aiy» ^). OBBpaaca aa cbm> 
seanMniyi WMomya), 9aq>niieeayi>, A'6aiéiuyi> b xoaa, b n 
nul, B ro loprouft, caieScBíe BpoBBBoam rpwaxffM aojone- 
ctBO xji6a. On, npa MypuMs^ Baiasareiuo cnacaa Aityp 
on roMíKBOtt cif^pTB, B B6 (yxib ceMeťcaaaafcy Tau, npa Bioefl- 
BHrB nops^tBaz^y ecaa 6b bcé nepeoeieB^H ae nmepa on ro- 
loxa, Taai ciajE 6u icth jipyn xpyra, aaas aro ciyiaiocb. Oh 
1857 roxa, b% tmeBie xeMta jtn, oeifeicsie Beyeraaso^ (Ses- 
BpéaociOBBO, BO a den fioumoro yniepte xu cbmco xoBataBa, 
aecjB o6i8aTejMy» noaaBBOcn Bopiian xjňŮowB^ Aaypí^, qkb- 
jiaa Tyxa on 300 xo 500 tsc. b xMío xo xauioaa syxoRb ea»- 
roxBO, B ae loi&ao xama Myky bjui sepBO xapoa^i ho npBnja- 
VBBaaa eate no 10—20 a. aa Byx> aa xociaBay Mfi ^ani boi^ 
BiiMB BQBUBMia (xatBa xaBBja sa njgh 60 a,, xpcraua a» 
TapÓoraraa croua 70 — 80 a.)* Bce aio safisoo a ae gaoMwn 
sa 8T0 eevelcaaiHb bb aaiilBuur^ cocrpMaaieicB wh ax& y^acn. 
BuBie BBx&Di MBy it6 iipoxtomMc^ apa MypaBíMi no ooMel- 
caiMi ceiam. Taai, — uamen C. MaaeaaoFB, — Borxa Aaypí^ 
ier& Ba ceiiottcaax% OBoea) BeosaxaaaoH) tarodBiOi oKatasBai 
cnpaBexaaaaa paeaiaxaa no ceaelcTBaBi noaorjia Ba!b BHliBan 
-tiop^ÓH BotfftxareiaMB, ae caorpa sa lo, ^lo aa xoeaen c^exaei 
^ pyaa npaxoxaaoa eaoefoxao Bsaocy no 40 nyxosi (aa 6orana& 
fojiMte, aa &bKBMTh iieauBe). Xafifo eexeleaaxi— aa artxs 6a- 
sapaxi on Hpayreaa xo Hep^aacaa, a jyuiie npoxyaiH— ayxa^ 
Ittcio pyccaee, ^yxoacaoe (6ftjoe), aapio^^en, aanyerai orypipi, 
oaeci, ap6y8H, aoaonjaaoe eftiía, ropoxi, cbbbUi yraa, a t. x* 
npaaax^iesan npeBiiyqecTBeaBO oeMefieaairb. neaiopaw^, ae 6yxb 
GeaeftcaBX^K, xa en^e 6ypBny ycepxanxi xili6onaBiQ6aB, Bce 3a- 
6attKajue a HepnacaiS apafl cb AiiypoMi, c% mrh ca6apaaaHB^ 
noM^manatiMB aa oxbowb lEm xa^aa^ecnribi ycniia 6h cto pan 
«nponaoTB» on roioxy* 

Ceaeicaie jamemi itepasBi ao bhcobo penrioBan; y ceaeficaacB 
B§n maojvB, — ne toiuo rajcaasit a nporaKaaaAi— bo ohb ae- 
opaBseHBO rpaMOTBŠe CH6apflaoB%. «Ecia cpasBan, — roBopm 
oxbh<b ascjixoBaTejiB, — cedapcxyio aaccy e& ciapoBÍp^ecaoft no 



.1) C6opHin metu gCiióipb*', erp. 823. 



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3i]IHCKE O GflBHPH. 825 

oTHomeBÍH) 81 Hn yiiCTBeHHOMy pasBHxiK), to HecoicHÍ(HHEi& Depe- 
rlcB ocraHercfl na ciopoHŮ nocjiiXHeft. IIpaB^a, crapooÓpflxi^K emfi 
OTBasHBaHyics upehatb BHtmHia ^pmi i^iBEiHBOBaHHoS shbhh, ho 
8a TO, o6pa80BaBi cniowEHyi) oÓn^HEy, oee crpeMEJiacL bi bejt- 
p^raeiiy pasBEiiio, satfoTJiEBO pacnpoorpaEajiH Meaaxy csoeme no* 
cri^OBaTeuKE rpaMOTsocTBy co^xuaiE xoie cjzyio, xoncaTEHecsyio 
I cxojacTEHecKyiD mepaiypyi eo tíitl ho MeEfo pacnpocrpaEeE- 
sfx> Fb cpexfi crapoBipoffL e ESB^Eyio 6ojibniBECTBy; — BacajiECb 
nsni» ^EJOco^CKHXi e coiúajiBEiixi BonpocoBi, o BoropurB 
opaBocjaBEoeflfapcsai Maoca HaaorAa e ae Ayiiaiai e paapb^ 
mufl BVE BonpocH EEorxa no aa^ajiaEi^ sanaxEaro paii[ioEa* 
jisifa^). 

CxoBOifBy ceife&caie pisao OTjB^aiOTCfl on ceCepabobi cbobiíi 
uícfíxnn yxcTBeEEinrE, BaoEOME^iecBEirs e coitiaiLBiim Óiaroco- 
ooflEÍeirB, H CBÓHpan sa 8to ex% noHocan. SatfiiBaa o uo&b h 
Bosapcnt^ npo uB MB i HEr L CE^EpaKa, HEfaonxo ho jon^aa oxoirBy 
w)6h novMfjbth Ea ceda eje npECjymaTBCEi hto o eexi TBep- 
xm Bca pyccaaa jiatepaiypa, kto-to bsi CE^EpaaoBi cooóntaerb 
n "UpasociaBEOirb Co6ecÍAEHsi» (crapím roxoRb), ^lo «ceiiett* 
caie 81H E MCfflieiBrai) iBqextpEH (?1) e saxHH ai Óorarcisy 
(a exEHoaftp^ecaie nonn?), aoropoe ciapax^Tca npioÓpicTE wbuň 
BomoacEHME cnoco6aME». Ho ji^jo vh toitb, hto y crapoB&poBi 
ecn Ogdpu^ee^ y catfEpasoBx se HEaaaoFo; am ocraerca Biipos* 
ttT&ca E BQifEpan. Geiielade — bto rpaEETEae aaiiEE. On BÍao* 

lOrO jdUtCTBia UpUSLffiŮBNXh CtBXiŘ OEE, 6siTB MOSeTB, BaB^XpE^ 

m& m ECEOiEEJECL flexocraTaaiíE, ho fspceA aee en^e croarb 
vpiflao E npexcraBETejBEO, flOESM^pEifO BOSB&BiaacB Haxi bc^hs 
ocraiBEinr& CH(SEpcBEm EacejtemeirB. 

BlAFOB^B^lHCBlfl. 



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^ FlMi ,€Mi^«, 1881, M 7. 



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BHYTPEHME 0£03ř^HI£ 

1-e ceBTa6p«, 1682. 



HoBBft aasoHs o Bonnraaz^ e% mymeetBi, nepaoxums (tesseaxníMH do- 
cofiftiiH. — IIpeiuiTCTBUt xoMfiui eMj npEmMoeb npeojtortiK MeocTOflienBoc& 
BOspaseBiS, soTopHMi noABepraxocB ochobhoc ero mvaio.— Oiaíi^b w nocraiOB- 
j6Hia sasoBa; cejbeha h cjiaóiu HX'b cxopoHU. -- F^pex^eHie ry6epBcsHxi» 
KOHHHccift no HETefiBOMy itiy. — MtcTEHe B0MBT6TII, npexiaraeifiie asropoiii 
,IDieevB o coBpe]ieflEO]r& coctoi bíe Poccie*.— ^asTE^ecKÍE xaBEiui, seoóxoxEMiui 
MV oocEtBieaU rpumuMsaio jxommúM. — nq>esii6B0Baiie soensHn noMM 

n iMeioiie lOipnyoa. 

ToBopji n npomeiiuiiift pan o Tpez'B f^wiaHooBiix:^ pe4K>p]WLi — 
repiSoBoft, TaxoseHHOt h Ta(^uo&» — hh yiMajii oa najuiaTnmft 
8X1 xapaiiepi, na BootfxoxmiQexK 6oiie lopeaBOft nepeidbHii i^ 
Bamet (fauiaflcoBoft CHeieiii. 7TBepsAeHHoe 16-ro iuAa oojoseHie a 
noBumarb c% hm; niecxB^ u^^exoAflmKx^ óesiieuBiuui cnocoiaiiit 
koserb 6uTL HasBano nepaum oarom wh Tasoft nepeiiiHi. (MSiaraa 
Hajoromb nepezox^ HaciixcTB!&, ne toako no saB&i^aHiD, ho k do 
saioHy, QHO pacnuipEen otfjiacTE noxaTHoro oÓioseHÍE HMeHHO bi 
TOiTb HanpaBjeniiy Koropoe Bcero (kuLme cooTBÍTCTByen Tpe6oBa- 
hUitb cnpaBeAiHBOCTi. Bi XYin-in bíií nepexoA^ HexBÚHMaro 
HHjn^ecTBa do Hau^ACTBy, HapaBHi co bcmeewl xpynim, onia^Haajoi 
noniJUiHODy BSíHaBmeDCJi npfl cnpaBii h OTsaBi; ho vb na^ajrik i^aperBO- 
Baflia AjteacaHApa I-ro aajon trn flMtiixervb 6um% ooBepmeHHO or- 
uiBewhf npBHeici mothbomi aroft Mipu 6iuo BHcraBjíeHo 6jmroBOJe- 
Hie Vb ABopaHCTBy. B% 1808 r. nonunu Ch HaciixcTBa oo sarboa- 
Hii> 6ujii BOBcraHOBjeau, ho HcxiDUTejiBHo juul tíjí% (UyiaeBi, lorxa 
HHjn^ecTBo oepexoxin wh xajBHHMi poxcrBOHnuum, nomuio 6jaaaA' 
HEHxi, Hjn vh nocTopoHHia pyu. Sason 1808 roxa xiftCTBOBan aq 
HacTOfln^aro BpeiieHi; nonHTXH paciipoerpaHin df^j opaxtHeBifl 
ero nocToaHHo ocraBaucB Cen yenixa. Eii^e bi 1821 r. MHHHerep- 



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xpoHiKÁ. — wmmam oBOBranix. 3^37 

eno ^nucon Haeraraua sa oójosema nosuiHofi bcíxs sacji^- 
cneiraKb niyveeinn, m pauipi on V2 xo 4% ii|« nepexoAi 
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n iaei'ftxHHia»B ho saBOsy; so rocyxapcroraHiift cobík futmsskjsca 
ipoim peý(q[nBr« h oaa ne cocrouaeB. „B% Pooeia seft xBOpjrae, — 
viaen na n loAfáB loeyxaperBeifiaro fiOBftn, — Oyxyn rocyxap- 
csBesnni^ oocraHOMraiarE o^d^obh hr BoeraqD Hjn rpasxracKyi) 
eijsíf H sMfnui Beeunt CByxHoe saamaH&o^ íijh, crtxya Hepaseier- 
IDO np^nunn CBom xp eroeM y o6firaai> rocfenpiíMtM, oi^peimumn 
xeeroau cioh j^oětbmm h ]ie]>exu>n, to tid^iuneB naeri, m sa- 
uiljierBo siAik ťh BOJBímEb opesaet i^toBocn wan yii](ep6oiii&. 
Orporaa se enpsBOxiXBoeTb Tpe6y«n. vb odpeiieHeHn ABopjraeBflXb 
ntaii TOBBMB mummMB eotSjnoxari^ BpatHDD octoposhoctb h BHHMa- 
lenBocn. J^BopsncMm mmimíi nxaran yse BiieoayD xaHB rocyxapD 
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nvpeeH BasHii 6hjh spraeceau vh sqrasy HnepeeaifE xBopmcf Bá. 
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fsmuĚxa BBMMoraD^iifH nox% m dpeiiOHem; noxaTH, niaTHXHA 
mňmf»suBa ipeosr&BHaifH^ HpeepantncB bi doNi, njnwmyi) xBopaH- 
tma Hstekun* Caao goíSod pasyirtesiefl, mo xJia aoxap&ueBifl 
7So-XB€píHan» BBFJAAOBi 6uMm nyn^emi Vh zi>x'b b xpyrie, (kKiie 
od^ appyseHTH. IIonunBH n HaexixcTKb daueftiimu HHraem Ha- 
sit, ^sap0XBmn imteieirb h xoBaaaTejncTBoirb iDxeft xyxpHX^ 
OflopoBeaiiaro^f npneii%i, b!b eosajlni^ ho aaoBaHu HKeaa ooopo* 
cro xyxpeiiOBft; npntxeRB opm^ Ahfiíh, loropea „nero- 
B€i> pecDB^ BOBSOSHUZ& BaioreBft, bo ho xocByjaoB xo hb- 
cjta ciBeiMUi X!B nfÍHift% — Mosxy tíkb bbkb Ba caMOiRB xíjA nom- 
oni CB BaejrixetBv éujn Bsexess b& (Ahimíh e&ie vb XYII^icb stei 
Bii HepBQÉ BevBepm laioero eroiteiH xectBrjni yse isHpoxaro pas- 
nir, BpexnasaBa OBOpan oTMisa Haej^xcTBraHim mnffjHffb bo 
^uaÍMi Bft BOTopei ohA, ox^abo, npeoBOBOtae BMCBBBaiwpcj h Tenep& 
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^nmk ByBuoBaq^mHHft ujmaam ^jHÍunrBH BpoRniB& aoHaBHcraaro 
^ecn és HODcnBa sa HaertxerBO iipiHAta tfiua, to osa 
éir ifBcmmiBBfttaee MH>pHrafe h Bceo(teiee Heroxoname, 
^ Mft noptisaere b» umAHOMB ocaoBafláH epaso co((eTBeHBioon h 
owpóijierb npHpoxoD »BAOXHOBeHHHfi Mesxy bpobhhmh sbeoke''. 

Iboí BenoBnHTB xapasTepi anoxn, HacrynaBHiefi BCBopi nocii 
l^,.pw^ TQ BO TpyxHO HOHBTB, noHOiiy poí^piia, npBBHaBBaa apex- 

W» Xtt XBOpaHCTBa, OnaCHOD X^H eeMLH H HeCOBM^CTHOD 0% HpaBOM^ 



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328 BftQxnmiiFoiiB* . 

wm^ft mecrajofimai roxon, n voxaraoft wimwdH. B%p«M 9|Ar 
xsiiUifi xHHicisq^TM 4^a0iuieow, komxhocís ce carnux) hmam npciir 
sojKNuua paq^iiiTB ann Bospon n yfaepwTMHOicfr CMími; 
so iipoeKT^ eoeoiMJieiwfi eo, MafiyjMU^ euray^ wmsvpi) smvo 
He xon BpofiTH nefBiíM CTyseseft MMHawmAWt idbexjiviiii. Mh 
ewa jni ovniwcEy eeiH tfK i«e » » im (Scmihicvm apowBomn 
pe^opmi P7K0BIKWM0B, B% eyiiw>en, tíkh se io(íysjiMUi«i h»«' 
MTi^inní osa 6uJUk oTBeprHyva m 1621 roxy; ho vb mxj mámet 
BUjMi ůéctomejitam, m H^pMift um 6im BHjttwrw aaspMo^ 
Hia BBoro poxit. 0% owoft cropora 4(iua cxímai lumiiTBa orcpoiBn 
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BOM& npEBŠ <o cocraBjíeBiB bímnuto rpASAjUCsaro yjoseHÍs wb 10 
ipexB He 6uio em» h pžu); 0^ xpyn>> eroponii tfiua yMaut h« 
i!Oi ^TO atHUHsa » HiAi^MfCTBa pauoau&aa nonnsi e» Mnmini 
x.*«. noereoeHHexy yMHUBesiD o6%eiia o6unmAiiiiX!& nyn^ecTB^, «iro 
efla m ceerB^breTByer^ BasseerH ycjiyFÉ, osasHBsaxott roeyxapciMD 
HpH uepexox^ HMynoociBa om HaciftxoAaTeu sok Haci%j|UBy« «ifo 
OBá npoTBBypiím DpaumieeKoiiy BompiBÍD^ ao loiopeif y Badtonon 
eor& npoAOJwaren jsnocTH HaciimAatiiJi) h, crtwBaTMwe, iByiv- 
cfBO BoejftAHBFO A04aHo i^^exojgnrB bs sepBMy tfen boobabo yMífin* 
loefliB Bft otitei. Becuia mrepecBii xobcmui sponám naiom aa bí- 
<uijiO!i9a, npiBMMBie r. HotiijtOBocueBiOfb beb ero vKypeA rpaau^i* 
caaro spaBa". Ilepaiii ■» raai *— orcyrtcBÍe y naob Bon^aiecBaio 
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cQHpftseHBiui 0!B oiipaBBOfl s oTBaBoif&t BHDiaiBoa, Wb XVm Bili, 
npH BCBBom nepoBOxft HejpHUKBMHgb XKteUí, 6e8i cneiuai&Baro nptífo- 
iBHía KB Eacjríbxciaiy* vBi BacsonBieHi eoctojníH Haamo asonoMim- 
OBaro teta m Haaiem saBOBOxatencTBa,— nvaam mu xamie (Bfpci, 
ucTb BT(q[iafl, crp. a87*— 338, HSMianol871row),-*HexaBJ[ HpBMtem 
Kb HBM iipaBua» wurmpMM apajiarames yxotfflD 1^ ceactoi hbbbb 
ycioBúíMs tiMfa H aaBOMxatejibCTBa y xpynn% wKpOMfiOfb. np6M0 
Bcero fleiMi oe h^hais beb cootfpaana BpaftBHNO BMHpoxiknmB- 
Boen iiftBBOCfB HMDHXft fleiBiBunoBi my^BCTBS, mnoTpmMVhmmr 
Bmfh vocfwpommxb npio6p&a vfbmmtb oana pmomyss bomw 
xoeryBByB) y^ery tiesb saipyxHeHiii ^). Moamo, BoasaByt, afBies 

1) Ho 6jzujhuovj cMHCiy 8to£ (j^pasH mosho npexnoxosin, řno ^uBO\wjti n^- 
BocTb Bi sanaxHim rocyxapoTBaxs mmídti nauiu HexBHxmiu mymecTBa; éo astopi, 
6en eoiiiiM«, onoeHn nopyn ybctb i^exiosesur n lexBisBBHin BBjWcniA 
saiaxBoi EspoBB. 



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Třowak^ — m uf igm OBoamii. S29 

jemaoum sopnuwfo i^terxecannH xu uaBAOft Mienoenr, bo 
9it onfaM fiespeHftBBO (^xets oponDOUMUi... Aute: sttOBOjiaTOjiH 
■MU nn tiyjua nateBEDrtb npHancE b% eMúpaseim vpBxneciu 
«pii BaiiiNi» HaejlxGVBa* dtn ^eptu otoa csyrrai ■ fleoiq>exti»- 
lUUDit iM BB fla ieM% ia»yj^ yYB^Wt l e8}MiB8AniifD H^bpjr na* 
HaeiiícofBO een y sara axno iisib euoixi^ cm ymns h pMBa- 
npiotpfoeHÍft. 3aiB0B& ■• ]WfPh enoeoóa naieiixBny — hm 
ipiBeerfr 9s acsoem HUiitxoiMBnw xojm, hb oi?paxB9f» cetia on 
tevpaBflooÉ ot Bfae y BOP BOcgB. HcpAna cayiaevM, nto npBBBroé 
nufytjcaao^ bo xu^iBJíMQicy cocraiy SBiBBvejruoe, OBaBtnaetcJi b% 
pyím y neiiABna npBspaiBob ]|toBoem>. B% mBBii yejoiins, 
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láfi w odniBím apeo^aBOBaBíi b^ 8aBoaax% BafliBu o aacjrtACTBi, 
Bpiiara& wb saiy jd^y ^felBoeH, orajmeaBo Bsaryi) bs*e ^lysoro 
uoBOHiecBanv b iqNiAB^BeBaro tisna, b Tpeteaan xia Bac& Tasoro 
BaNPB, Bonput bíe eaifim BtBBaflíB erapJuwB^ tfyxen se tojimbo 
e& qHk&HBm crieBraieBi xia wevBdk coéofBeaaocfB, bo b esBpaft'* 
un sarpTiBesiAMB yiera b bmí onepaqíB am canoi Baaflli'.— Pas* 
6opb vtwLh paiByaBxeHift tiyxen npetxcnajievB saBs BBse, npB oiíB^eft 
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si^BSHBBB ccanjBCb Ba BOBoeaíetfloe cyoieeiB(»aBie boubah cb 
ncfbaevB^, m ^aiatBie bxb, Biesouso xeeiTBifttíft voBy aasax^, 
n OBoi Poocíb; f. IIo(StxoBoei|eB!B orpm^Ln Boejixwe b xOBasH- 
Bus BaBpB«ŠBBHOC» y Bac^ 8asaAH0*eBpeaeieBBxi& BopanoBi. EeiB 
Bprfttnn Kh BMfly mbopi xpymi bi»otbbbbbob% pa<|^pvii, eon 
mniK BO BBmaBfe rt BpexpaaeyABB b BBfepeoB^ t% botopubb osa 
mna áua tfoponca, to yefliizb ea Bonaa ne spasBaiB BBjeBÍ0B% 



StaoB^ Ib^im íěďmb cmasn vmMŠjíflt^o no saaoBy, araoeBiejBflo 
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iivyiBm cBoeafom fciiwoimijtnnro npío6p(ÍTeBki Bxy^iCfBiB. Ocbo* 
ftmmca «EB oujMoii bobjoboI, maMcy aponBUs, wA BByi^ecffia, 
llnoeia mtoi^xb ae Bptaiiflnom oxwft mean pyóiet, b aei 
Mna, ow,Mnni aib Ba)ii>n jaiiaBs enaesan conoama, aicftcri 
dínaoaB^BWM n ana^ aoBuziB BpeeraBBOBBíHi xwtBB b aosat* 
OBfotBiaMB.B nsmwmtnoemum* Bh ouy aroi »roTit» 
n Baoiixcno loaxon mbbb bob^íio aBeaBO aa Tik oóme* 
BiaaoK BJDi ii»ynDfi« Bonpiie, <$yxyiB bs oociobbíb BaafBTB 
WHMBlaBO ifiOEO, flOJBBoaaaacB jio oa% mpb npBBBueriei bxbhtb 

Wm í|Mb» WMtama mmemnoon aosaro sanBa. Omtea no- 



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8S0 BMmm bvoobu 

xyiniei loj^nm tojomq b& Taim cjiy^aft xMrwBtn CBoei isíoi, 
ecn npoiHbin, o(!pa8;eiiiii •!> kb 6DxaMrt, (^jxef» BO8OjB0n (Sen 
TOMra oraron^eiiiii Mfteea vapoxt. Hajon b^ Haeiixa^Bo, vb imn 
Bixii, B% Baiom o»& peryjiHpoBan saKoaom 15-m ímu» eoottto- 
ei^Byen dMuy ]WMbíi>. Ti bm ncia xpeerMn^^mq^iia Bjuton 
EOMEiO* bmaím H]íymeeTBOii&, eroniipaa ((ojfte THcaiB pf(Sxei» st* 
vyvh, O10UXHO, He oxmnrb jtamiM i^yxBMii ■ ynJMa imunu, 
yeraHOvuenoĚ saiOBrarB, ae juasnMnooaiMHiatfpeMimrB la m 
eeMlCTBO. Tose eaiioe hosbo cnsaTb h o jodmos xpynon eoeiostt, 
vb flco6eBHOcra, ecn ipbmmhbtb, no ooBOČoBxesa otb jumam i 
XOHaflfUJi xuuui[oci!b ^Kpoxi sanmuaX m npnoencM Jkoím i 
Be coeraBjuuDDUUi npexB^ra ToproBXB bjb npwHCja. 

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aacTOJUQpft b<m9ox% ke BBHOBaBiK> BO B uma u; #e^BB Bopnoxa^^-otícfOi- 
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Bcaiaro Heyxotfcrea von 6u Cunh sna^RTejuRO noBumeRi; b« oqwo- 



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XřOHISÁ. — BUtFlHSn 0B08FBHIK. 335 

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6h <(ht& ofijosaHa asm HexaisiKoeni) t»m% lan yimTRa bob- 
auj vb fi^ittoii^ ciyiat jatto^ ^rbwb wb noeaiii^nb, ^aa npatbit 
Blb BpQAas'b Bnisia bs noxacNn ero 60ctcúI'&. 

G% ■aMnaaa, Aoayn^eaviniH bomuh aaMHom, nu yma ornaon 
saaBQiiu. Ilpexln, e& botc^wo aa^iBBaevos yaaaTa nofluam, yeit- 
■OBMH^ y aacb 6ojAe BHOoaift, iteb bo iiHonn% aaaaAHuca nc^ 
X^MSisazs. Taait aaapHirbp^, wh AariiB oeaaÓcnBWBtt oni dobubib 
tojbbo HHyBi6GrBB> cionniia iiaflte Aaaman ^ynoBs (okojo xiyi* 
eon py6jratX bk BoAria a ETaaia — aaryoi^TBa, cfiúcn^U imie 
THca^n ^^paaaoKB (oaoio wriipex^ cotb py&ieftX vh Ilpyceia*— aayaie- 
CTBa, CTODnMa Maa-be cca naTBxacam KapoKB (obojo casaxecan aaii 
py6jiei). 7 aaos npoABOiarajocB nqm^aa^ajnbao oeaeéoxaiiB en bob- 
jiaBH wyn^emia, ctODai^ia Moato aacacoanb py6iQft; BoanfiBeaie mA 
i(B<j[»pu AO THca^B py<Sie4 b pacnpocTpaaeaío nrors na aoum apecfua- 
csaro HBAija, n crpoeaiaaB a xomfterBeaaHHa apwBawwaMCtaBit 
cocTOBiaen <SaacnopHyD saeaypy aaaiero snraiaro aaaoacMiaieifcBaFO 
y^pesxeaia. HpaBAa, seifjni BpeerBaHcaiuro saxiia^ a& oapcaiMBt 
6ojiLniaBeTBÍ cxyBaeB^ óujm 6u wvhatB orb aatara yaae vb caiy 
i^^baaoeTH CBoei, pixao x^ao^aoidk xo THcuraa pyé^at; Ba tfe^cm- 
Hoe ocBo6oBSAaHie bxb on cnunru naiajnaoii asíen, Ttes bo Meaie, 
' BOCbMa eyfl^ecTBeaaoe saa^OHie, asÓaBJuu specTBaob nb xiooon h 
BaTpyAaeaifi^ conpaaBéBHiis& cb npoi(€iAypoft oi^teaB. Hauitio on 
aajora Aovasmefi ABaBnaocva, ae apaBOconeft xoxow a wč coctur 
laBn^eft npexMef a TO|at)Bja bju npoiaicaa, cgisa jb mmao apasnzb 
enoMifb Bpaaaji&atiaiK. Oao copaaeAJnBO a uftieeootpasao, aorxa xo- 
aamaaa xBasBBocTB crovn x^oieBO, orpaBanaaorea apajM^naa Mp- 
Boft Beo6xoxHaQCTa bjb o6iiaaoBeHBaro odBxexa; ao oao irapeeieen 
6iiTb oeBOBaTejiBBHa&, Borxa b% cocihbs xoaaameft xaasBBOCta bxo- 
wn npexveni poeaoara — evaTya, Bq)TBHH) cepeópaaiie hxb ^vfior 
poBue cepsasH, xopoma MefiexB^ mBBmiBmb Mapu a t. b. Bass la- 
aceTca, ^to asiarie maa xcmaamM xBaauniocaw eiixoaaxo 6m Mfioj' 

CTBTB JHBIb Břb T&Cb npeX^MX^b, B1^ aBRAXl XOfly^OBO OCBOÓOBXWe 

on aajora i^ijoí aacj^bxcxfteaBoft mbccu — x.-e. b% rtzib xflan cir 
Haaz^, Borxa xBflaumocTb ara eróavB ae (koie Tiican py6xet« lípa 
Towb paaptoeBía aonpoca, Ha aoropoiTB ocTaaoaajacB saBOBOx^vBaiir 
aaa bibctb, i^žaaocTB BeoBva aaa^BTejiEaiia a Bnoui jffjtíaauL x<b 



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XPOHE&A. — BHITPIHEBI 0B03P«IUB. ^37 

ujnowasňu j^csvjíyTCA bbí spyra AtficTsift HOBaro Hajora, h opueni- 
jsiieiky j^TaHQBjBHHO& BOb s^Tepecazi ,HeAOCTai;oHHarp BJiacea, ój^yrh 
nangftBaThfg, tiesíb Bcasoft Haxo6HOCTH-7-H 6en BCJiKaro ocHOBanifl— 
(!omqie jdw* 

Bh Bfvcy sarpf AHOHÍft, eonpaseHHuxi ci& exHHOBpeifeHHofi yiuaTofl 
BaciiMTM^Bofl nouLunoi, sasora 15-ro ídha xonycaaerB OTcpo^Ky hjih 
pa^qpo^Kf ynJuiTH— He CBume Tpexi jítl ajka BeABHSHiíocTH, ne cBume 
OW^ro roj^ XfU ABnauaiocTH; cb Heynja^eHH(^ cyMMU BSUCSHaaeTCJf, 
npK dTOicBy no BOiyiipoi^HTy vh MicflAX. 9x0 9{)[aBHJ0 BnojiBi pai^io- 
muo; urepecH rocyxapcTBa ne CTpaxaDni qvh OTcpo^sH (tími 
(ioiiei ^To OABOBpexeflHO c% HeD npHHHM^DTca M^pu £*& oóesneqeBJK) 
J8iicsapi8)i a BaciiAHHsaicb npeAOCTaBjíeHa, bi 6ojbmHHCTB'& oiy- 

U0Bfb^ BOBMOaKHOCTB yniaTHTB HOUUHHy E8!B MflXOAOVb COb HaCJL^CTBeH- 
BABO BMySVCTBa. UpOTBBBBKB pe(|>OpMU lIBOrO FOBOpBJIB O TOITB, BaSl 

Tuwio 6yAerB BacjiiAHBBaitB, BB^ero en^e ne sojyHBBniHHi, njaiHTs 
BOflUHHy ci BacjiiACTBa; sbbobi 15-ro ídbb HSĎpajrB canufi npocTofi 
B jumuŘ ujTh MM ycxpaBesia btofo sey^oóciBa h xoaasaji^B en^e pasi, 
^xo aarpyjiBBTejnBOCTB BcnojiBeBiB BBBorxa bo yoseri cjiyssTB bo3- 
pweBiexi npoTBBx xipii, oabbsw spESBaBsoft nojesBOK) h cnpa- 
iQMBBOD. He MBEie y^auo paspimea^B BonpocrB o tom^b, uoryorB jib 
ten» apHBBMacixu bi^ pascien, bpb oi]('%bb£ BaciiACiBa b onpeA^^e- 
bib BrauHBfii, npereBsifl BacjiÍAOAaTe.iB k^ xperBEHrB jHi^aMi. no ct. 
6i)ft BaKOBa 15-ro ídbb, vh cocraBx a^bh Bacji']&ACTBa AOJiroBoe HHy- 
qaerBO vlommtb aapaBB^ ch BajB^BUirb, bo cb AOJroBuxo^ npeTensifi 
Qiimna BadCUB^eica jubil aps A^&CTBExejiBBOMi no^yieHia bslcjiíx- 
buďm% cjiÍKSt>mfiTh eyy xeBeri. 

BcucjieBie nomiEBi cb BMymecTBi, nepexoA^iilflX'B no HacjitA- 
csBy, Boajaraerca aasoBOiTB aa onpeA^eBBUZ'B f^n xoro ;^OJraBHOCTHtíX'B 
mfk BlAOBCXBa MBBBCT^pcTBa (|)BBaBCOB^ ]^u opE^aeMi dTOMy npa- 
my ŮQMhJBoe sBaneBie, BOxoMy hxo be jijfín» bi Heiii Dpe^Bi^cxie ho- 
wa ýiBaBCOBiixi pe(|K)px'B, eiiie óojiie bbshuxx. HcR^DHHxejiBHo 

JllI.,BeUCXeflÍJi BOBUBBl Ch flaCjl'ÍApTB'B OCOÓUe ^HHOBHBSB OABa JIB 

ten 6si' BeofixoABMu; obo xorio 6u óuxb bcdojhoho RascBEUBE na- 
mn, BOTopHB B npB8UBaH)xcB KB xoMy, Ba nepBoe spěna, 8aB0H0M'B 
Urxo ídbb. 9to BeAexx aaci 1!b Aoraxa*]^, ^xo bobumi XOjshocxheimi 
Bp^crpBxi A'bBxejBBOCXb 6ojlíg oójDOíEpBaB — BaapEMi^pi, bse- 
mnoxoABaro aajiora. IIoAXBepsAaexca sama Aora^aa e xod Bsy- 
CBBBBi), aoxopaa cysiecxByexi mosa^ boaoxoabumi» najioroMi 
iiacDnaub Ba Baei^ACXBa. no^oxo^fluft sa^orB — rjiaBBoe cpe^cxBo 
KB npAaxBoyy ópeHeas ni sjaccu b rpynnu, aoxopue ao 
. jpoBpeaE copaBOAiEBOcxB B rocyAapcxBeHBOfi nojiBS^b, 6ujíh 
itlkmf»^^jn ,CBo6oABu; BajioPB aa aacjt^ACXBa BH^erB xox^b »e 
Van T.— CiHTaBn, 1882. 22 

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I 

338 rooTHni ibpouh. 

xapaiTepi. Uo^oxojijmwh HajoroirB h6 otfjaraDTCii, ůiMirnew) ^ttenv, 
jHi^a RpafiHe HexocTaTOTOna; Tose HSiATie cBoficTBéBHO h Haiory la 
BacjrixcTBa. IIoxoxoxHut HaioPB, RaKi h Hajon na HftejrtxcŤBa, ve 
npHHHMaerb vh pasečen cocjiobbiixi pasja^ft, ee pas^^rserb nápoji 
Ha coctojihíjí noxaTHoe h HenoAaTHoe. ^opora, BexTiQaa n o6om 
HajoraiTB, AOJiro sasaneB sacpuroft wn Hamero saKOHOxaTeiBCTBa; 
OAHasAH BcrynHBx na Ree, ono— hjsho HaJC^flT&CA — ne orpasEHirci 
oAHBM'B nepBHiTB maroMi. Cavoe BBHMaHie najora Ha nacjtxcTBa od- 
jaeTCfl ropasAO npon^e H jerqe, Kor^a pyaa-otf^-pyKy » mswh 6yx6n 
HATfi BBHMaHie HOxoxoxBaro Hajora. Oi^'&RBa Hnyn^ecTBa, npoHSBexoH- 
Hafl R nocTOflHHo noB£pA6Mafl npH shbhr njaTcjBHtRia, o^jenim 
oa^Hiy ocraBJuieyaro noeii^HRirB HacjrtxcTBa. TaaoBU npe^nojroseiii i 
osH^aHÍfl, B03<SysA&6Hiui B% HacTB BaKOHOHi 15-ro ídhr; ocraercji se- 
jaTs, HT0611 A^o, RMi Ha^aroe, 6ujío xoBeAeRO xo kORi^a, san moxho 
piinHTejBH^ R CRopie. 

nereftHutt Bonpoci, c% TasRMi myMORib noARnnift orojo roxa Tony 
Hasaxi), nojiy^HJirB HexaBHO BecBRa espoRHoe, npaBxa— toibbo npej^Bs- 
pHTejBHoe paspimeHÍe. MH^Hievib rocyxapcTBeHHaro coB^Ta, Boco^alnre 
yTuepsxeHHHrB 8-ro ídhr r o6HapoxoBaHHinrB vh rojobrbA inu, 
yqpesxeHU ho^tr noBceMicTHO oco6ha ry6epHCRifl oÓJtacratiR no mteft* 
Hoky Míbjíj bormrccír. IIpexcixaTejiBCTBO vh hrxx npexccraiíMHO ry6ep- 
HaTopy; b'b cocTaBi RORMRCCíft BBexeHU Bucmia ^ojasHOCTRHa m^a 
ry^epHCBaro ynpaBjíeHia r npeACTaB^rejra seMCTBa, ropová h abopah- 
CTBa. A^&ITOJIBHOCTR BOMRHCCÍR XOJSHO npexDiecTBOBaTB RCTpe((oBaHÍe 
0T3UB0BI OTB y^AHUxi deMCKflxi ynpaBi, a rxi RZ'b híti— on 
yisxHUx^B no RpecTB^racRRiRb A^avb upncyTCTBÍfi; Kasi vh sohrbccíi, 
TaRi R Vh y^SAHHJi npRcyTCTBia mm ynpaBH voryrB 6utb npHria- 
maevu j^m cooÓn^eHÍR cb^x^híA MšcmHa seMJieBjaA&rBi^ii, bsbox^u, 
BHHOToproBi^H R xpyrifl cjAjíjmjiíi jRi^a. Ha oÓJisanHocTB Koimiedt 
BOBJoseHO co6paHie cbíaíríA o ?rcj% r pacnpex^eRÍR b'b ropoxan 
R y%8Mxx saBOxemfi cb paBApo^RrejBeoK) npoxasefi BpinKRxi HaoBT- 
KOBi R cocraBjíeHie, cooópasHO Cb mícthumr norpeÓHocraRR b ycjo- 
BiflKR, npexnojioseHift o nojiB3'6 r bobroshoctr cospan^eniji ^Hcia 9THII 
saBOxenifi, o cnoco6ax% coxepsaHia hxx r ycrpoficraa, 061 ycjoBUxi 
npoRSBOxcTBa nRTefiHofi ToproBjR R o&h yperyjTRpoBaníR e^, bx BHxax'^ 
orpasxeHifl napo^Hoft RpaBCTBOBHocTR. ^jr OROR^aRia pa(k»n kom- 
MRCcifi npexnojioseHo Hasea^RTB ODpex^jeHHBifi cpoBi, a caRHa pa- 

6OTU pa8CyOTp'6TB Vh RRHRCTepCTB^fi 4^RHaHC0B%, e006paSRB!B RTB Cl 

npoeKTaRR, cocraBieRRURR coB^n^aBieRx CBibxyniRx*B jDxefl. Sartn 
Ha pascMOTpi&Hie rocyxapcTBOHHaro coBŠTa HM^en (!utb Bnece^i 
npoeKTB o6n^HX!B npaBRn o ToprOBj% RpftnBRMR RanRTRaifR, bi cb^ě 



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xporasi.— BfnrrpKHHXB obosp^hie. 339 

Ch COOTBiTCTBeHHHlfH H31[ÍHeHÍfl](H Vb nOJTOSeHÍE O TpaSTHpROHl 

£orxa, Kb cema6pb nponreíinaro ro;ía, co6paiHCB „CBtjíymie jiid;íh" 
BToporo npnsHBa, nHiefinufi BonpocB npHSHaBaJca He TepnjimHu^ OTja- 
HiTencTBa, TpeÓjDiqHirB Heve^jeHEaro h OKOHqaTOJiBBaro paspimenij?. 
DpaAnaiaraiocB, tto hobuS sasoHi Óy^en o6HapoAOBaH^ ne noase nep- 
BHTB x^k^AOBi Tesyn^iro ro^a, BCJiiACTBÍe nero h óujio CA'&JiaHo pac- 
nopweHie o Bu^a^i^ naTeHTOB'B ci 1 xHBapji 1881 r., ne na ro;^^, 
lan o6iiKHOBeHHo, a tojbbo na oaho nojiyroxie. TenepB topoujihboctb 
feT7^HJia M^CTO Me^JieHnocTH, HeH36isHofi npH H3(5paHHoirB cnoco6'& 

X9BX6BÍ&. Pa(50TH ROMUHCCifi 6e8X COMHÍHÍA He óyxyTX OKOH^eHU Ha- 

cfOiBSO 6iiCTpo, HTo6tí sasoHonpoeRTB, ocHOBanie ROToparo oui ^(ojshíi 
eocraBHTBy moitb nojyHHTB yxBepsAeHÍe bb npo;i[OJseHÍe npe;i^cTOflii;eS[ 
oeeciH rocywpcTBeHHaro coBfixa. Bce ocTaHerca no crapony no mchb- 
mefi M^pft AO 1883 — 1884 r., — a bb TOMy BpeMCHH yj;o6HHft MOMenra 
AU pej^opmi BecBMa jerRO nošen 6iitb nponyn^eHB. UpexcraBjíflerb jh, 
itt j^aftflet MÍp^i HOBoe BanpaBjeHie Bonpoca 6ojiBme maHcoBi ^jth 
naaiSJ&Haro ero padp'6meBÍH? E^Ba jh. Gb^a^híj?, coÓHpaHíe roto* 
piDs uysHTB nepBOft saj^aieft Rovunccifi, huíh)tca na jihb;o h tc- 
iiegy^ b^b aísbx^ ^HHaHcoBuxii nojHi^eficRHxi, seMCRBXB h ropoACRHx^B 
j^pesxeHÍfi. MosHO jih AonyCTHTB, ttoóu aBi^H3H0My B^^oarcTBy ne 
(Suo H3BÍCTH0 HHCjio H pacnpeA^eHíe bi ropoxax'B h yisxaxB sase- 
I98ift qb pasxpoÓHTejBHOD npoxa^eS rpíbrhx^b nanHTROBi? Mosho jih 
XiM^CTHTB, HTo6u Bc£ CBÍA^Hífl BO dTOMy npeAucTy ne tfujH crpyiinn- 

piNBaHH Wh MHHHCTepCTBi $HHanCOBl»? ECJIH p-^HB UJÍJdTh HO CTOJTBRO O ' 
9(MÍpaHÍH, CROJBRO OnOB%pR% CB'fiA%HÍft, TO B-B paCnopflSeHÍlI ROMMHCCift 

BO 6jKBTk xaRHXi AJia dxoro cpexcTBB, ROTopuA ne 6ujíb. 6u AOCTyiiHU 
I ;w auiHdHHxi ynpaBjíemfi. Hto RacaeTCa ao npedno^oofceniú^ Tpe* 
6j^ipax% OT^ ROMííHcdfi, TO R'B HHifB npHiťl^HHHo bhojihí cRasaHHoe 
BHa. «h opea^HXi o6o3ptHÍiixi o nepe^a^^ oón^erocy^apcTBeHHuxx 
BgspocoKB na o6Qy«AeHie BeHCRHxi coópaHífi. Macca npoTHByp-^HciBEixB, 
leeoriaGOBaBHUxi^ uosni coóod MH^HÍň cRop']&e 3aTpy;^HHTB, n^vit 
^lerurB Bu(k)pi» nyTH, Be;(yn^aro rb sejiaHHod u^in. Eas^aa rom- 

JBIttLl, AifiCTByA OTAÍJBHQ OTB nporaXl, nOTpaTHTX MHOFO BpeiíOHH 

m icaaiHeHie gahoS h toA se pa6oT£i^ na HOTHBHpoBaHÍe npe^Jiose* 
Bjftx. BM^B oiipoB^xeHieiíB ROTopuxB ycn^BíHo, MoaRexB 6htb, Tpy- 
Aiíci en coctAH- BsríJBA^y BupaseHHHfi b% saRjiio^eHiH romhhccíh, ne 
w^ftílfPh duTB pascMaipHBaeMB RaRi» nociiABee ea ciobo; obi hsmí- 
nwt 6h, 6iitb mosoti^, BecBua cyn^ecTaeHHo, ecjiHÓu rommhccíb no- 
VHKflMiacB ch ApyrHMH uninUiuiii o tomb se npexMOTi. lIpH TaRofi 
HmpBigfpromi H BUHysxeHBofi oahoctopohhocth otbubob^b, mucjb, 
giwmiy. jSojiBHmHCTBOMB RoxMHCciS, He 6yAerB bx^tl HHRaRoro npe- 

22' 
,,jj*i'"' ■ Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



340 Btorran iBpom. 

HvyiqecTBa nepexi^ xucjbk) MeHBmHHCTBa; oí^tny Toft h APyroi, lo 
BHyTpeHHexy co^epsaniD, npHxercfl npoHSBecTH wb Ilerep^ypri^, te 
sAHi^ejJipúix^B, pHCRy« npH dToiTE BnacTB vb óiiih<(rh, npexynpékxeme 
KOTopuxi 6ujio« 6e8i C0HfiÍHÍfl/rjaBHÓi> í^ijBi) ý^pés^eHÍa kbin^^ 
SexcKÍfl co6paHÍA, cnpoci Boropuxi no oahhóhbí (bi Bon(K)cárB le 
vicTHaro xapasTepa) Bcerxa sasaiCA Ham opievoirB xajéKO Be npai- 
TH^Hiixi, cocTOJLTBj BO BpaftHefi M^pš, HSi npéACTaBHTeiéb pasBtm 
rpynni xicTHaro aacejeHiB; rytiepscBiA bókkhccíh ne yAOueTBO^átni 
H dTOMy ycjiOBÍD. Bi npeAČ'&xaTejH h uobei ry6epHCB0& áeméscft 
yiipaBu HBÓHpaDTCfl botth Bcerxa ABop^se hjih ÍH^Hke liéákééiBr 
M/ÍMhiifsi, H npHTOifB Be tí, KOTGpue Bcero lynine sdaKoilii cb áoidse- 
HieiTL HapoAB, a tí, KOTopne sejann h júiDrb 8aHHÍama Héuekňi 
a^j^MHHHCrpai^ieĚ. Topoxckofi rojioBa, ocoSesBo bi rýfiepséfeoni ropoxt, 
cnJionrB h pflxoiťB ae SHaěri, h ne xo^én ssaTB, HHTépbcoéi itíitta 
ropoACBoro HaceieBÍB. Bcfb meEu koxmhc(^h, 'npEíSái sarB it^^ň- 
TejncTBeHHue, TaK'B h BÚÓopHue— jdxh, ótfpéveHeimáe Ťenfájúbi^fi' 
jiaMH; nexbsa hh TpeóOBaÍB, hh osH^aTB, hto6u obr noci á^uÍE cMSi 
Bcei^iio H8yqeHÍD nysxaro hitb ů6kimet> HacTBt) itHTéftHaro ' BDÉt^oea. 
To se caMOe cji^j&rh CRasaTL h o6ib y^sÁHÓfi sdáčĚoft ynpftBi h ťhrb 
éojiie o6i y^ABOHi no specTBAHcáHiiib ^'bjáiťB épncyTCTBÍH— dMfihb 
HepTBoposxdBEOitb ^?pesxeHÍH, ROTopbe HHKaBi áe Moicen čipa- 

BBTBCJa: H Cb HenOCpeACTBeHHUlÍH CBÓHIÍIH Ó6fl8aHH0C'tBlÍH. Ovh CMÍKJ' 

m^Hxib jHi^i, no 6yBBaiLHÓMy éxácjy sásotía, ÓsáxáibíHifl toJBio eii- 
j^iBia^ a se xninia h npex^oséniB; ao éČJH npárrBka e ^onyerm 
6oiie nrapoKoe TOucoBánie sásotta, to óoJbrnoft noji&Bii npĚsibffB gCrt- 
xyiniHxi Jinxeft" 6% ryóepHcsúi' bóíixhccíh h yibsxHHA aéiccBia yo^tiH, 
no Bceft B^poBTBOCTH, BO npHBecen. 9ro óyxeri, BO-nepsiixi, mjw- 
3tidi>, a ne Bu6opi,— npflSUBi, nperdiTB co CTopoBii ý^pésj^esÍB, He 
nojiBsyDn^arocA 6ojiBniHHi aBTopňibroEi vb rjíadax'B npHBSBkeinat. 
Mh-^híbm^b cB^AymHxi jDxeft, xajie, óy^en npexc^toÁ^B HébaBÉxfeu 
yqacTL— norepBTBCA vb Macc% otbhbobi, np^x^i^áBJUiiiMHrB co ii/tíi 
BOHi^oB^B PoccíH. TauA ycjEOBÍfl se pacnojarálbro VB^t^TennocIn,'! 
ecjH 6u BOHHHCciiíMi H ynpaBBiTB yxaiocB Aase cíipocaTB ecfbri Bftiiie- 
leaTBHxi jiD^eĚ, to hbi nojyHeaauxi o^b^tobi^ exBa mm cotírhii- 
jiocB 6u híhto ni^jBEoe a nojaoe. Y^pes^énie ryóe^acáácB BincMiodl 
--dTo, no aameMy mbíbíd, ae iro aaoe, aavB otcpotea wb pasplíÉe- 
aia nBTefiaaro Boopoca; xa^BH^máa éro cyxi6a ójjiifitb 8aBacÍTfc'Be 
orB Toro, ^Td cjí,íj2lv>t% ROMkaccia, a otb o(hk(áro XBaMaifl BiBid 
rocyxapcTBeafloft saBaa. 

MucjK o míctbuxi' ROiikaccijiki aja 'RokaTetáx^B, Rasio^MolixO' 
XBMoft HBCTani^iB B'B ííxí npeo^pasoBaBÍft/ rp^dbo jiépian!ta:n Ba- 
mefl jiaTepaTypt. Mh en^e pasi Bcrp^TajnicB cb' bod' vb uptLmítÉšn 



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XPOmKA. — B^PI^l 0B<MIP1bIIK. 34 1 

B^ej^^nj uejsfi^w HOBOMy (iiersepTOMy) HS^aníD hsbícthuxi „Uh- 

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342 Bi^GŤHnx «BPon£r. 

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KpafiHeMi cjyqai,, orb oioxo npHroTOBjeHHaro, vajio neraTeiLHaro 
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CTBa iipeAJiaraeMO& eny hhii^h. 

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cocAoeiHj peROMen^yeMoe „IlHCBMaHH* sasi ocaoBaHÍe ajib bh6opobi. 
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6h OSH^aTB OTb MÍCTHUX:B KOMRTCTOBI, B'b BOTOpUX^B OTcyrcTBOBaja 

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XPOHKl. — BHyrPIHHSl OBOSPMIX. 843 

ipoesTa rpasj^^HCsaro yjosemii. Pe^aKiUoHHafi kohmhccía, Hs^paHHaji 

M9b epexu EOMBieTa, npEcrynejia yse bi^ cbohm'b saHAmirB, ho oson- 

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i eiBxi MÍ^xh HejibBBy noBBXBMOKy, CKaaaTB xoro se caMaro; no ecjiH 

6u CHB H 6iua pasBHTB ropa3;^o óojn^me, to a-ib saKOHOABTejiLHHxi 

: i^iieft eji HHCjeHHUB xbhhují Bce-TaKH 6uih 6u BCAOCTaTO^HU. ?to6u 

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4WfQ« CBQeo({!B AtftcTBiftf HaH6oji'6e BiHanua^B rjiasaxi npaBTflHHH&, 



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344 BftOTHinEi KBPona. 

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cxisjía Toro ropoj^a, r;^ft HaxowTca ospysHoft cyw. 

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cyAeÓHOMy Meaxy hhmh pasfinpaTejibCTBy; •&aTpyxHBK)*r(yi aa cynftrra 
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H^ecTBeHHo cjyqaaxi owb BusuBaDTea Heo6xoAaaocTbD, aamibio 
npasHaHie axi yrposaerb onacaocTbD Jrai^, orb aaona soroparo,— se- 
npH3HaHÍ6— 3ai];aB!b, c^ aoroptiMa oaš coBepiaeaH. TaRan lipaaíHNm 



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xpoHiKi. — BifTmmB (ttoanin. 945 

étm 6um ůa npinecTii eme xROro no wibm OTpaejamb rpaxxaHf 
cttn^ MáoHOXftTCjnrCTBB. 

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m xin seHCBHxi ft ropoxttHi'B yopaM. IIo BfDpoey o poxouizi 
nyiteeTBan, HaiipHM%pi&, BecBMa jdÓoohtho 6hjio 6ki onpexliHTB, 
nioft npoiteHTi dTHXi BMyn^ecTBi, cpaBHHTexBHO cb jipyrHMH, nepe- 
xoxiTb B^ nocTopoHHis pyRH nyToiTb npojusH, T.-e. Tepaerb CBoe po- 
lOBoe CBOftcTBO. 06mfie hecjlo poaobhx'e HMyn^ecTBft bi ry6epHÍH hjih 
jisffk Hosen 6iitb npHBexeHo wh hsb^cthoctb ee Besjít; ho bi H'b- 
ioiopiix'E M^CTaxi, ni ocotfeHHO npoiiB%TaeTi seMCsaji craTHCTHaa, 
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mAe BasHHiTB, ho OTsaBajBCB 6Uj b^poatho, co6paTL seMCKÍa ynpa- 
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maka sasA&ro n^rb ero uenoBi, t^itb 6ojíBine 6jAWb ocHOBaHift osr- 
xm ycniniHaro ea OROH^aHÍa. 

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mAnca m^ctáBOBBtB nopaxoKB, exBHorjacHO oeysxeBBuft xaaman 
*i T«y Hasaxi — 9to noaasen 6jiHsaflnree Cyxymee. Dosavten 
MM» tůHato elipocBtB eetia, vrb craBerea (íb boMhhmb nporxxBa- 
ún, o KOYOpinrB aarB BepeaMeHOBasiB BoeHBUfB nixBasift vb aa- 
Mftkfe wpújek BDBee ae ynovBBaerB. Boohrnb nporaxaaBiB cjiy»BJíB 
WiteB wpb nphnowb M,xa BaBxeaie cboco^box^b x^teS x caacajiB 
mimmeBiii, t.-e. iracro on ratfojia, xaoraxs BocnaTaBBBKOBS 
maasift. Oxaa bsi^ nporaxHasift — aojiBCBaa — 6tMa npexaa- 
M ocotieBBOCTH xJia BcnopneaBUU bi eperaeTBemoBi otbo- 



*■ -v" - , Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



346 BMfHiBfi UFOIOL 

BeBiii xajbUBon, soropuii, m (ojbiUHCTBi cjqfHaes:^^ w y^epsaxo 
6u Bi CBOHx^B crftaaxi uBtasoe Apyroe y^eónoe sasex^Bie. Me«jur u- 
jiefOBíMH iif^oycaiui craparo raná mm tesaxi mMon se 6(ijio MibeTa; 
oeraercA bm^tbcx, mto BosBpao^iBBie vb opomexníeiiy h6 óy^erb ooi- 
BHiTb H iTO paóora BOCJli^Baro* ABawuBa^Tiii ae (yjiexB BnépaiOBa- 
HB aea i^iniom, pí&nniTejjbBO b óesycjoBBO. 



C1> BOEPOCCiiiGHOfl XyAOWECTBEHHOJIPOMUUUlEHHOil 

BUCTABKN. 

ni<»kl[A B% P1XAB«ZX). 



vn*)- 



EcjiB y MOCBOBCKaro ry6epHCKaro seMCTea ecTB rpi^zH, to vBoro 
Bx% uoMWb 6uTh oxnyn^eao sa BBflipaTBBy ycTpoftctBa BseraBSB k;- 
erapfloft spoTunuesHOCTB. BojBinoe caacBÓo xoxho CBasarb komiuíccíe, 
nox'B flpeAcixBvettCTBOiTB BBBBJíB. A. JJ^coropyBOBa^ no bsci^aoba- 
flíD 9Tot npoBiuirjeBBOCTfl. MHorBirb- 6umo bsbíctbo, hto oaa cjjBun 
noAeoop&eiťb aeMjexiJuo; ho cyxBXB o paBiiipaxE btoř npoBujiueH- 

HOCTB, npOXCraBflTB Ce6Í M CBjy, en SBSHeBBOCTB 6hJ0 HOBOBliaSHO. 

CTaTBCTB^ecBoe 6Dpo opa MOCKOBCBOiiib ry6epHCK0Mi seiíCTBi nojo- 

SBJIO nO^BHl HBCJliAOBaBiil KyCTapHOft npOMIHBieHBOCTH. H^KOTOpiU 

seiícvBa) Blb paAoHi sotophz^b obb saaBiaer^ ce&a, oocitAOBajni 6ja- 
roHy npHMipy. TasBiii^ o^pasom uojjhbmca ulamuŘ MaxepiajrB, a^^ 
nQft B08X0SH0CTB iipeACTaBBTB C66^ pasM^pu KycTapBoft npoicuBueH- 
HOCTB. BcqpmdflcBaB BucraBsa xaia boboai^ osHaxoiiKXB HarjuxHO no 
o6pa8i^air& cb xapaBrepoirb BycTapaiixi Hsx^bjift, ci ypoBnem TezHi- 

HWSOŘ OOArOTOBKl BJI npOHBBOJIHTejei, DOTOB co BC^Hl o6HZ0AOB!b| ^ 
BOTOpOtfl OpOH8BO;(BTCJi fĚŘOTU BO paSBUlfl OB OTpaCUlťB. 

OTA&ieflie MOCKOBCsaro soMCTBa pbnBTejuHo se ocTaBjuierb Bcejun 
BB^ero jy^BiaFo. 3a(Í0TJHB0 cocraBjeBBus kouobiUh, noacBBreibHHe 
pBcyHRB, fl8o6paBsax>fl^e ooxin^raie b oÓcraHOBiy, b!b Boropiin mkf^ 



*) Cm. BHoe: airyen^ 799 cíp. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



XPOIHKÁ. — "HiXřocátmuí BHOTABKí. 



847 



pssttTA' opOBSBOxcroa, i][B(|»poBH4 xaBHHA, B0Ra3mai>ii|iji pai8if'6[yu — 
lee dTo coDOCTaBjrao tbxb oÓXTvaHHo, TaB% pase^HtaBO, ^ro KaprHHa 
DOijr^aereat nojiflaff, onerjiHBaH, cnoco^Baji bpobsboxhtb Bee&Ha cub-> 
Hoe Bne^ňTjrtflie. 

H sapTABa, Haxo npflSBaTBca, fpasxioBBM. 

S ysaBan yse n npejmKPffim^ hbcmA na xaBBBvii MOCsoBCKaro 
seittTBa i^fl^py, onpeA^aDnqrní sBa^eBie KycTapfltixr6 npo]fucioB'E b'e 
o6ii^e& cjHM^ sapaóOTKOB^ cejncsaro BacejeniB MOfKOBCBot ry6epBÍH. 
TeDepb a npHBexy o^bbb iDtiomiTHyi) Tá6jiHqy, ýKasuBaDBicyi), Mesxy 
HpanHi Ha OTHocRTejiLBoe SBa^eBie pasHHxi oTpaciel Éycrapsofi npo- 
BHBueHHocTH H OŤHOBieBfe Hxi Bx Apo^iTE cooeofSavft Bapatforaa. 

i ■li "««Iá|2 SI &g 

1. (K^paCkrnu vemi. . • . 9.576,000 1,056 4,882 90 6—12 4,865 1.109,050 

2. HaxftiLinrb cres. HriHHH 2.464^00 1,535 6,518 90 6— 9 4,532 1.222,000 
S. 0(^pa6oTBa Aepena . . . 2.352,500 4,285 12,088 94 8—10 6,423 1.893,080 
4. O^patfona bhbote. npo- 

lytffCM. 2.914,150 1,654 7,974 1S4 6-^10 5,S80 1.508,260 

fi-SeMQB ■poMHCiH^ • . 4.822,700 80,768 60,946 18 8-^10 184 1X)02,076 

6^ Iiaiocno. ...... 22.409,000 21,054 48,844 60 8—10 80,960 4.680,000 

7,0^.XHMW. npoj^í. . 46,000 77 158 90 7 63 20,800 

a. PásEHd npoMHCJUi . . . 1.206,100 1,740 4,825 81 5~ 2 10,273 1.470,600 

9.T^fJÍ>a5 — — 2,892 100 — 12,428 1.541,000 

». BsMm — — 16,7ai 70 — 11,893 2.800/100 

IKifiipfOid HpoMBoen . • -- 2,200 4,314 200 -^ 4,970 1.818,000 

12.2rau JCMJTM . . ♦ • — - 1,161, 80 — 10,146 904,000 

aPiteH aa 4»6pHBan . - — 8,682 120 - 31,781 4.866,000 

Ta((ra^á dra npej^eraBjraen Kapraay sapatiormovB, noJTmeinai 
emesnrs Haeeierieiii noeKOBOCofl ryóepBifl, noiravo seiuex^'* Hsib 
ie< BHXHOTOBHa^eHíe, Boropoe n^hevb Kycrapnaii npominijeHHoeTB oa 
wmnmeeaf ft 6£rrB. 

7ro6ii cyxHt^ o pasHOotfpasiH nporasoxcTBi, yeBOeHHUXi syera* 
im, JI iioxpo6«o wpemciv) mrb bhxh b% MoesoBOMt ry((epHÍH, kbeib 

HIBÓOjAe TEDH^IHOft. 

I. SyBfletBO-cjtecapvoe bpohsboactbo. BuMfbjnňtLt^^ea eoniHBBH, na* 
mpi, noxKOBU, 9KHnasHiie bhbth; pasHHft eto<(im>ft TOBapr& a pasiaji 

S. H8xM< n8% jHCTOBoro sejrftBa h »ecra: caMOsapH, M^imB, 

C y U ^ BB^M, WtHHQII, njteBaJUHflmtll, tiepHHJIBHflipi, 4^0HapH, TOliBOCH, 

lou^xo, HcayccTBeHHHJi qepKOBBua cb4to h t. n. Bee bťo onaeri 
BOiyseBOi onacTH OBpameno h pacnncaBO. 






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34d wnsKk Mmw. 

ni. npoBOJioíHfiui WA&íia: ísJ^^t^ spipiu, rppMTa, xHoiejiaiKi. 

IV. MiAHOMTeŘHoe & jiaTyvHoe: MiArae c&iaju«t i^pecrn^ v^hh, 

peópiiHHUfl CTOJOBUA, qaiHua h paaiHBSTejiBHiiA jiosk9, JPfWi bhbo- 
jíoqeHHUfl, CDH^eqHHi^ti, koiokou^uh. 

V. QpOVBBOACTBO H81^ 8<M^(KBa H Cfiffíí^%i^ paSHHA HeBaAHttf Bfpm. 
YI. C;<»4bB06 npOBBBOACXiO: BUA^Wf|9|^TC4| CyqUBHOe 90.DOTO, JBO- 

Tp6(úui6iioe MM 9MmmuL no Aepfinji kosí, (^fiiard^ 
YII. Eauveiup^ DpQWMMeTBO: JMUnyreiB, awej|i^ 
YIU. npopBBOj^Bo onTAHecuj^'}^ iHWÓivito^'^: ux^Kupcsie B$eu, 

roTOBUBra, pasme utpypra^ecftie KHcrpyiiManH, qykv, j^v- 

IX. HacoBoe npoBBBOxcTBo: xejiKie crtonue «iaeH. 

X. $OJiBroBoe npoBSBOACTBo: paaHHxi bhjiobi <|>OJiBrai Hxjman Ba 
o6pa3Hu« pBBii H otaíjkh pasHiixi npexveTOBi, ni npH xemeBisai 
Tpeéyetcfl saTtftjiiiBaA, 6xeewmfiji oTxijBa. 

XI. AoÓHBaBíe pa8HHX'B MerajiJOBi nn copa (oopoBn^Hn). Bi 
Bticmeft CTeaeHB JinóoimTBHt h opBrHBajibHHfl npoirueejn, oóopon 
KOToparo onpej^tjCB^B ^l T^t^iBgftt Hif^DmefiCA nps sojnesKiB, bi 
16,000 p. npovumjflDn^ie bthhi sanaTieirB ocoCjeHHO o(3Í£aimi>Ti^ poe 
BBfluaHie Ha cops h xyeopii nocjii nosapoB%. XoAon, jid;(h SdmraHe 
HBXBDTCJi Bocjš iiosapa*Ba Mícfo npMcvecTBia HiioxíipaBin eopi, 
Mycopi, npejiBapBTejiBHo ocb^xoxjibacb o nojoseflii h saHBTiBxi DOro- 
pÍBniiXi. IIoaToiiy oh^ cyxarB npHÓJiBs^rrejiBHO, nero xosbo xj^an 
or^ iiyc(^. Hnorxa opp 9a6Bpax)rB copi xapoxx, HEor^a np^xofSTc^ 
OjaniTB. Cop% aroTi spomimeTCJi, coprHpyeTCA, ppocisaerc^ p n- 
BUTE o6pa80irB vexaHivecu OTiijaerca roxHoe. Sat&m oattopTipo- 
BaBHHft xaTepiaii no;i[BepraeTCJi xHiraqecBOĚ o6pa6oTBft. 

nOXflBHJICB A, Xa H BeXL3JI BO BOAHBHTBCB, PJBXB BB o6pa8KU 

OEoammwbMŘ o6fš6iOftMM npoxyiTan aroro nprasBOxcsw. QeÓOJWDot 
KyeoKi ^Hctaro Bojora, Taioft «e eqie(^, spwrraupb, xobOiIbxo xpac»- 

BHŘ, eipsOB^WOft COJV, CWTOBSb OlOM, CBHHl^a. 

XU. FoBHapfloe npoHSBOACTBO, x^Bn^eeca aa rjxMiioe, ^^apýopo- 
^MUEBQOBoe. BiiA^UBaoTOfl p»B9He ixqpsKii o6xBBBiie H npQcriie, 
BJioimui, vjEwamu^ Taaii, paaHoioiepBiiA x pocuvcavora ýanflCffBiu 
Bs^iiia. 

xnL SepiauKoe HporaBOACTBo: w6ajiuvia oapx&Mi, cnqecX^Btu 
yAiBjBu Moeft xemeiwwoft. 

XIY. Kaiiymfloe iipohbboxctbo h mraxnoBame cviHMa*— ofuj^v- 
BaKoea pasHua uaíjú Wh 6iMAro b oYpam^pBfa^ CTOBJífi: cqpBrfl, 
aawMBu, 6ycii, qpaiAiuiii pf aas mb A9epuix'B oio^w^ Vf¥h 
rpasaffUi MysAneryBE noj^B apTapB. 



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XP(»nÁ.*-BCBPO<MtttUi[ BHCTABKi. M9 

• 

XY. r^n^jBiioe npaHBBoxiTBo— crpaau, vsx^&jria m% rpanenim 
uneS. 

XYI. CrojRipHoe npoBsiioxeTBo — ^paraaro poxa ve^B. 

XYU. ToRftpHoe vpoMBMMfifBo^ Mf^Ay nponm tfojiiďiioe 'Bosne- 
eno ToproBtCDb cwrúVh* • 

XVUI. Pi8&tia no xepeBy,— -xesAY npomii CoiBniee sojiBvpno 
pbHHx-B otfpMioK, RpeemBrasb asi sanapaca, josm. 

XK. npoHSBCfjiCTBO My8HBaji&Bin*B HBeTpyaeBTovi: ^eapa^XH, ra- 
Tapa t»aMaro xocTMaetBa a paBsazi ii(íib«. 

XX. PadflHUi BSA^^jda asi xepeBa: iira^&a sji<&na, caocsaiiB EXh 
loxKB, K^ini^ 'dpeeeu-é0BapH. 

XXI. njereflLe fl» opfrBeM, jusa a sopaeft: lopmian, sapa^Ka, 
jíknabí rtjMaia a t. b. 

XXII. BtuibJíaa Boaei. 

XXní. OauroMao-daoiaauoa upoflaBOAcrao. 

XXIV. PasBua asA^^jiia b3'b Koasa: ^eaexaaB, 6ayaií, Bossa, apaa- 
iiiB, xjtíicsH, Tpoeni. 

XXV. GĚOptutmaoe apoasBOxerBo: noajaiyfea, párané aixa, aesxy 
DpovnrB eBnffiaeaue nvh jocsyroBi, aftp^tooRb, obhbbu passoft xy^aa. 

XXYI. mepeTotfdABHil a mepcTOBaxajBHiit apoaseen: Bajuraaa 
06^ panBaro poxa^'B0Aji6ka. 

XXVn. HIjBaftoe "BpoasBOxcTBO. IIpBroTOBxeHie vjMBUvh loioa- 
KOBi^ aoTOpae ^actBD orximBaKma «& Biánii xoaa, ncvbi>«e c(}ii- 
BiDiea' B% aarasaau. Ha BHcraBR^, bi KOjijiea^ia aocaoBcaaro bm- 
ena^aaMrea Bajcaaaa bite ayxa Kypraa^vjA naxxarB. DpoasBaiCTBO 
MaiieBO aiaoTopiiaa npoasBOAaTaiaaa ao Bucosat creiieaa coaep* 
BSBefaa, ' a noi^naa ^ auaay sa 8, 9 pytijiei y Boaxpara, Jleaapeié 
m xpyrdfo aaaoro aasieraaro aoctoB^a^o aMBBBaaa, as rojiosy ae 
Bpnon» ^to flUBBa Cjdknaa bi Baaoaft-Ba6yx& cexi^ KjroaoBib no- 
xoncaaro yi^xa. 

XXYBL BaetOBflBBoe apoaBBOxcTBo: pasaua aaora, aacBaa pasao- 
oipaaaáro Ba^a a pasaootfpasaaro aasBa^eflia. 

XXIX. fiprasBOActBo a^0forE~nojaBiix%, naafaayxs, fojobbux^b, 
nftWKoa^ cano^ÉtouM. 

XXXi rpM^raaaeiiipoasBOXOTBo: rpeóna a rpo^aaia asi aocra a 

^a|ttHÍBB> 

XXXI. nyroBa^Boe npoaBBOXCVBO— fřaaasapyen porosyn a soen- 
iqito^^MJiMBí' aoDan^a/nepéxftunBaa au Wh pasaiixi bbxobi; ayrosai^u. 

XXXII. DpoasBOXCTBO aysHBanBaiixrb CTpyai. 

MXXXní. SsxAjite asi Bocta: enmu, mmai, jOBcenv a t. n. 
XXXIY. SpaxaajBBo-nBTOHBoe npoasBOxcTBO. 



j^ . ' ' Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



8é0 Btfnpnft WNOB. . 

* 

XXXV. Ki^jravoe i noperHa»Hoe npowupjim^Bo. Pa((otA9n nane, 
KaprysH h manu Ha mocbobckhxi Toproei^OBi. 

XXXVL npcauOACTiio JMMpoBaamix^ WKi^ift mn muiBe-MaiDe: 
DOXHoeii, iKipnrCHrafttf nŮtmMMUfi^ Ta6«gi^iH i t. h. 

XXXYII. EapTOHasHoe dpohsboxctbo: piMWQ poiya sapo6H, 
M«Kr Hpp^m^ asfeKapttu. 

XXXYin. Up^m^ojtrnBo (ii^euif BuiypíMiBi h MpeBO«». 

XXXIX. SBBOoiiOBoe npoHaaoixoTBO. Bi HiMTopiai xepeniflrB, 
saHflTuxx 8THXI npoasBojiesBom, oso Eupasa^rcB pac^nouBamein 
BapTOVb, vb xpyrBxrb — nacMÍeinb bbokb. 

XL. Hrpynre^Hoe npoH3BOACTBO — a'6tobU HFpypRo: jwpeBUHUi, 
nmuflqecBui, (ififajuiiji^ jiíobha, iiicnnBHa. 

XLI. TsaiQcoe npoHSBOACTBO— pasnaB óyxasvax Tcumias arpanaon, 
xoacTHHBa, ýjiaHejB, jacTU'B, KaMJOTi, tbhhi, cepuaoBa, twís^bui 
OA^Jia^ mepcTBHHB, nojiyBieporaHttB, meMwm^f uMjsmaovuM tBaiif 
panHO nosyiieHTiif mstil 

KycTapnoe TKanecTBO xepaBHTCB b^b MOCROBcmi ry^epsUi, apou- 
Boxa Taiie npeg^inTH^ MTopne noieiiy-Hii((yx^ apM^i^peraDTaa jiSuf- 
^RTypoft. Pa6oTfr opoBBBOxiTca no .CB&xojiBairb'' sa ^Ymua cfan- 
iax% M npexcvaNJien o^e&L apynMe bo paaiiipaii^ vpomwofffim. 
GBiTeiOKfB HacHHTHBaercA 21,054 cb 48,844 tuiiikbxi CTaHsaiiH. Hin- 
HOCTB roxoBoro npoiBBexeTBa BycTapaitti cfaHoai He^Henerca n 
32 Va XHJJÍOBA pyčíjefi. GanoeioaTeawiixi, aa caoft c^ieinb paóonD- 
iHHx^B sycrapeĚ — aeiiaaFO. Bojbduihctbo noiyuon MaTcypian on 
BpyoHuxi ^ÓpuftBDOVB. KpyBHoe JipoiiBOACTBO noxBByeTea j^yraxi 
lycrapeft h Tepnan hx% notoxy, ^ro on Toft wul xpyroft gp^vara 
DOj&BOBaHíe KS& Tpyxoii% BiiroxHfte, ni^wh Biipa(^Tia tíx'b «e apo- 
xyBTOBi MaHy4»BTypo». Taxám očpasoMib xyerapBoe Txai^ecBO ocy- 
iqecTBjíaen ace pise h ptee BCfJtfiwK>m39Mí TOaepB xoxanaDD 
CBcrexy apynaaro npoxBBOxcTBa. 

XLU. XxxHieacaa ^patfoTxa apoxyxToai: xeron» obhebx^?^ sa- 
maTupHuft cnapTi h t« a. 

XLU^. SiMcm flpoxHCJUi— np€(x<»aBxaK>Tca wh ^eq^pexi Bxiian: 

a) BBsaHie hsi BHTOft: ^yaKH, (j^y^aflax, axataxi 6) ni^fffexíe xpj- 
seB!B; b) nsHTM B^UToai H r) nuudoiioe apQHBaaxievBO. Spoxft Toro 
seBn^HHu nox^B o6o8Ha^eaiexi „i^eiTHiBniHi^" Becbxa cyipacsaaaBO 
yucTByK)n B<b ^^sHaonaoBOxi npemBOxera^b". 

Kpoir& xocBOBexoi ry(SepHÍH, o(Ípaflvii xBxijift ^yo3!apH<A opoifiiBi- 

J6HH0CTH BUCTaBUH 60(8 ClixyOaiix; 

1) ApxaHreiBcxaa: o6pa6oTiiBai>Tea iwh^ oeabxa, boxdIi b^^pctb, 
ojeHbH niKypu. 

2) BjaxHXRpcaaa: saxxH, Kysae^aua m^ijui, pasHaro poxa xoxa, 



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XPOHISi. — ^iCIřOCOllOKAff BHOTÁBKi. 861 

BOftue Wh mepera ^jRon « napěn. Baianu mMfkjňM^ Hrpymi, 
nu^toe nprasBOAcno. 

3) BoioroACKU cyÓepHiA. npoxHiueHHOcTB, cjmm no pa880o6pa8ÍD 
iHera&ieHHHrb opexnerovb, BecBMa pasravs. Oia vpeAcrauxeret mecT- 
nminD npoxHejaiH: 

i) KpTseBHoe. Pásané eopra apysen. Bj^knaa ^aen spysm- 
n^ npiBaxiesÉK n iDpexcaosjr aaceieilD. Kpjsmta pasmas na- 
Bepon: <(i«>ceejB, BaiaHcleoHS) UDm. 

6) niKaTTionoe npoasBOxerao: HSBiemia maaTyjKH^ ofiímix Tpaa- 
moD secnD. 

b) FpetfeHHoe npoasBoxerao: Fpetfaa, Beam, Rocraiae nopneirapii. 

r) ^enHHttt apouicen a HBxiaia mn eaamro ayxa. OianHaoefc^ 
ToiBio BnepaHe jsaan, ^rro j CBavBa eeTB vpo, h Taaxajn asxtjdjí 
st lere, BOcraajeHafia BeiBaoyen)xeKHM% apoaSBoxavejmn H. Bi- 
afíBuwb. BycraBjeau hbtkh wn aero, iieaMJieaasa B^mnú, xoxyrv, 
cieiLBa, KOBpaaa. 

l) roHmpBBdI nponioen— ropnna pasBiiM bwowb, tf jnoxa, lanaa, 
qqfmn, BO^oo^acTarejniHua ManiaHKH. 

6) EoBj^apHHft npoHueen a xepeBaaaaa aoefxa. 

s) Bypa^aHft apomieen: jyaomaa a tfypaaa asrb (Sepeem, aiaa- 

s) Gjax7^BHt npoxHcejrb. 

i) Ejaia^Hutf a noaeaot npoaHCjm. 'nieperaase, nojyaiepcTaaiie 
1 ůjnMBue ayaraaa. 
i) BotjK)^aiift a BaiaBiit npoMHtejrB: eanora, aajoaiH, auaaii 

BQlpIOBHa. 

i) 'VyjoiBBdl DpoHHcexB. Hyjia aaTaaHe, arepcraaHe a tfyaasaae. 
í) Vbffkún asi ao^axb. ^ 

a) IIpoBSBoxcTBo patfojiOBaHn etret a aepean. 
i) EopsaHO^atft npoxHcejTB. 

o) OzoTaa^tt npoMHcejrB. Bseraajteau aoxeaa pasaias eaapaxoBi 
I ipa6opoBi^ MM JíOBjni nrai^i a SBipet. 

4) B% BopeaeseaoB rytfepaia aatiyrca apoaueitt: BasaxBBiit, aje- 
mHBt, Taai^t, aopraasaHA, canomao - tfaaiaa^BHt, aoseaeaaHt, 
iJSBorao-cjiecapaiift, roanapauft, ÓOB^apast, aoxeeaoft, oBvaaBirt, 
Mhonacaiift* 

5) Barcaaa ryóepaia: aecLaa pasBootipasaua opoassojieTBa ci ape- 
ibaxaaieai a^iftjdft wrh xepesa b xemjim, m^w. HsxMa Barcaoft 
iJtmpBot apoMHBUeaaocTB asi aaaa aalc^rB o^enb xopoaiyi) pevy- 
li^D, a aonaxaa wh bba^ nanapocaaitB, enaqeqaaiTB vb CTOJia^Bue 
Bttisaaii, apoxaDTca o^eaB xoporo. 

6) r^xHMcaaa rySepaia: sa^aTaa BycTapaet npoMinajEeaaocTB, 



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B62 sfMoanwKoaa^ 

eaMH. Ha BucraBsi hmídtca He^ypHO BupisaHHiiA un ^^peait ,^- 
pna ciioiih". 

7) KaaaHCRM Fyóepwa: poramH, otfoxiBiff^ sowu 

8) Eajyscsafl ry6epHÍfl hmíoitb xobojibho pasBVcp) Kfcr^^D 
iipoMii]ffjieinioeT&, BHpasaAfliyDM n^ovsaxi^TMd BUiapui ]ipow£i&: 
a) cyeaAuiafi, 6) t^iapmSL vb ouip ^si^ Tosapoionii a) (ÍQpj^paiifi, 
r) BjiTOHHHfi, x) rpe^eHHufi, e) a^xHO^xe^iJ^BHoe npoMBmiiciBOy «) 

IQA^iil H8l KOen, S) ÓyiUMMO-TUIWOe IIIK»l8BQj|eTB0» ■) ^saHLe, 

i) mepcTO-TKax^Kífl h aajAJEHiui hsa'^^!^, a) OBUHEuft upoicpicaiiy 4) 
HaniJBii Ml 6;iM»tt— i^Bfaiif m) nqiraaflauiidly b) BHHOttaHie^ o) Qfl3a- 
Bíe H uereaie, n) roMapeoe npoflBBMCTso, p) HBA&oa hb^ jaiaa|fl šopu. 

9)<Gaiiapciaa ryÓepHiA: ijmiH, 4^8<rBrFapiiorai. 

10) TBapeaaa ry^epeúi Bh CBoeft Bycrapaoft npomiiiueEBoen 
raten ovpaeiBBi daHBifami^yK) wh o<$opoTaK& BHyxpeHBeí Taproan 
BecBMa BHXHoe nojoseflie. Mhosoctbo oóysH, HsroTOBueifoft tod au 
xpyroá HBBJbOTBoft ^vpHOft, A^aeTM no x^peasím TBepcsofi ry^^Hii 
Vb jisjí.BXh BopneBCKon, sajjusgiieBOirB, saiDHHcaoMi (ci i^htpú»— 

SHaifeHBTIIlIH KHMpaiiH) H BeCMTOHCKOMtB. GanOSHO-Óamiia^HiU^ UfOBS- 

-BomTBoiťB BansMaeroa oaojo 26,000 canosHBXpBif^ hbtotqbw^bibii 
xo 3 HHJijiiOHOBi napi pasHoft oÓyaH na cyMMy npHÓJHSHTeuHO 7 
MHjíJioHOB^B. KHMpcaafl o6yBB BjifiTh no Bceft Poccíb na Bcewh nppcipaH- 
ctbí BaBefo OTOiecTBa; mn^, n^ ecn xoproBja roToaofi o^^n^ ca- 
norn, miHÓjeru, Óamvasn BHvpai^Baro npoBsaoxcxBa nenpoiiifcBflo 
aMŠDffcn. I Ha HHXfb naNajniBaiMrca pa^mu lueHiia, nxi iyK>j(aDn 
noA% pasHHMH HasBaniniiH, no bc£ ohh HeasHinno npoHSBO^KBTca bj- 
ezapauMOi nop^ki^KOinb no j^pe^rab^acsiK^E aatfam TB^pci^oft ff6epBifl. 
EBMpBi^Bifi canoxHo-6aaixaHHii& npoHUcexB.saBaicji.AaBHO h^ pasBi- 
Bajica Bce 6oji»nie h BaiecaPBenno, h ao^tmecTBesHO noji,% ujá^mQWh 
cnpoca. JífijíMuch n ceftnacb xijiaDTca, rpy^ue TJiasMue .^pocE, &ia- 
jacB H eeŘvaeb uiaxerca b% noxoniay bmÍcto koke 4y^l^9 saproHit. 
Ho EsroTOBjaeTCfl oÓyBL h bdojihí xo^pfliu^H^T^cíHm^ no.^i^T^^aij, 
BsmBo^iqeroyMBaTafl no 4^a£0Byvii .oi^iu& Si^MOiopiie ^bb^hb^ph, 
RM'&M^ieca Ba BHeraaKJb, uQVfvb (tb .aecTjbD ^ryppp9|BaTB beb,«|mit- 
psBfb j»6oro xaDasvaa. 

EBHpeBaa o6yBB, apoMi Poccíb, haoti h na EaBBasi, e jn^Ci^Sq^i 
H Vb TanseHn* Fa6ofa«)Ti> ayovapn Toaapi no ii^Bavs ^fifffo^ neat- 
peano xeaieBHVB wb opaiMieHÍB c% tíMh i^tp4pifl,r. bo^ JM>tos^% op^ 
xaercB o^yaB xase bo b^ ji|9pBflMaccEiixi# ifaiwwu:B» Haniuuipi, 
pH6aE0BflHe caBCvrn caimraHanB^ b^b sor^piie ynpaTfíiBajeTca ^rytB ne 
BOCB ^ojOB^Ki xo caMott moH, CTÓD7B na ictcTi y, ayorapa-mMunao- 
ABTOJA OBOM wriipwB py(ÍJie&. Eaxb bo Bcanfi HenpaBUBW ycrpo- 



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IPOHISi. — BCIPOCGltCRÁfl BHOTABKi. 35 S . 

maoĚ npoMHHiieHHOCTH, tsri h n KycrapHoirB canosHO-óamxaqBOiTB 
ipoiBBOxcTBi on aroft xemeBESHii HHqero ne BUHrpHBaK>ir& t^ wh 
nrepecazrb sorOf riaBHUir& o6pa8oxi& AOJtmEo hxth npotSBOxcTBa 
HaxcasHBaercji npoHdBOXHTejB-iycrapB, nocraBjeHHUft vh HeotfxoxH- 
wM!h paóoraTB sa Henoii^pHo xeineByD njaiy, ee BirarpuBaen oorpe- 
(SnejB, Ha soropoirB ara xemeBEsna npoHSBOACTBa hrckoxbko ho ot- 
ptsaercju Mbzbjwí xojd saÓHpaerB ce6t nocpeAHHsi h Toprosea^b h 
ipexnpBBHif ETejL - a({)6pHcrB, xepsanqft HenocpeACTBeHHaro npoiisBo- 
xnexa b% cboixi pyícarB, cnaóiuia erp h MaxepbflJioirB, h xeHBacoH- 
nn Ha cjtryHaft saicoft-HHÓyxB Hyxxu. 

EpoM& caoosHO-tfamMaHHaro npoxiiaia bi> Tsepcsoi ryóepaíH xy- 
erapraorb csocoóovb Hjiyrb xerrapHO-CHOxoBypeHHoe npoHSBOxcTBO, 
BHxftna HOJOTHa, xojcra, puóojOBHUxi cbTeĚ, nanHpocHiix^L thjibsi, 
^fjmevb^ rBOBxet h Boofin^e hsjiíjíě hstb xejttea. Ho bc£ ohh cryme- 
UBaDYCH nepejTB canoaBHO-6aBDfaHHHM!B npoHSBoxcTBOirb, aoropoe mo^ 
Mtn nsranea bdojthí oapimnHMi, BUsuBann^HMi na ynacTÍe vh 
ce6t x-iH HEopaBjíeHk ero b^b HHTepecarE HeoocpexcTBeHHaro npoHSBO- 

11) TyjMsafl ry6epHÍii. 3x^b sycTapnaA npoMmHJieHHOCTB cocpe- 
xmmeHa rjasHuirB, do^th HCUDHHreiBHUirB, oópasoirB na oópaÓorBl 
ifBnuoBib; BaTiiTB cpaBHHTejBHO vb HewBHee apeuH pasBHiocB xo 
mnTejEbHHzi pasM^poBi npoHSBOxerBO rapHOHHrB. Eony Ha PycH h 
B0o6i^e xaiTB, rxi octb pyccaie, HeB8B'&CTHii TyjrBCsie canoBapu, TyjBCBie 
OMBHae npBtfopH, TyjBCKie saicsH, no npeHMyn^ecTBy XBopBHe. En^e 
xo BexaBHjiro BpexesH 6iuo KycTapBoe npoHBBOxcTso oxothh^bbx^b 
PTxeft, HO FB noixrtxHee bpoma BOHByppoBipji cb MaHy4J[^aBtypHiiirB 
iipoKSBOXcnoMi craja HOBosMosBa xJia Bycrapefi, y KOTopia'B pjeb- 
tík HcnojiHHTaiBBHfi iiexaHflBirB — pyui, a xsHrateiB — HycByjbHaa 
eua HO Bcerxa xopomo BHTaeiiaro ir&Jia. „^ — roBopnxB ascno- 
wam pysefiHHKB — soro hh cnpocH, 611^1 ne hbi nocJi'&XHHX'B, 
xono BpBxoxHJiocB pa6oTaTB Bax% hboř Birysoft, sa to h niTysa bu- 
TOpaa K— xeBMn SHaTOSH nJiaTBJíB. A TenepB bíti, ho bi Morory. 
]^peeBj% pysBO, BsaiCB sa eaMOBap'B^. Ofl'B autjiOBajieji, rjaBHUirB 06- 
pnoKB, Ha pysBO aBrjíŘCBaro bsix^b: cbjbxbo h xemeso. 

MeraxiHiecBoe bpohbboxctbo vb Tyjií, a botomi h b^b TyjBCRofi 
fitifĚáMj HKierB Ha^aio bi opysefteoMi opoBSBOXcrai, saBOxesHOMi 
npaBHTeiiBCTBoirB. HacTB BacejeBia y^acTBOBajia vb npoBSBoxcTBŽ 

JL% SaBOXOBl B^B KaqeCTBÍ apdknOCTBHX^B SaBOXCBBX^B jK)xeft, 

DpBBHKajia yvaexie, saB^B boibeíio paÓoTHBSB no BaftMy.- Epe- 
Hacexeflie saBBMaiocB BuajaBBOi) qyryna, bux^sod aseiisa, 
6Hao Vb bojud h o6pani(eBie 6uj[o cb hbhb CBo6oxBoe. 
Tmehhsb o6padOH!B nojiynajia pacnpocTpaBeBle npBBu^Ba ofipan^eniA 

. To» Y.— CBHiaBPB, 1882. 23 

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354 BftCTHEKi iBPonn. 

Cb MerajuiaiiH, h ycbohbuhcb npieiiu mch o6pa6oTK9. PasrB, ^ro bob- 
BiBJío cosHame BOSMoacnocTR paóoru h 6um vl Heft norpeónocTB, to 
HO saHATiie Ha opysdfttftncB saBOiaxi jidah crajiH npo6oBaTB cmh 
CEJiu BfL ApyrHXi HOX^RarB. Ha^aBHreeCA tbehmi ofipasoiTB Dpon- 
BOACTBO mjo CHa^asa poÓBO, noTom ctbjk) Kptn^aTB, naBOHeiii ospi^njo 
H cjosHJiocB wb BecBHa eepBfisHyD npoininueHHOCTB » HHjjrioHmnra 
oóopoTaMH. B!B HOCjrbxHee speMA Ha^HHaeirB saaBJXTB ce6a sycraimoe 
npoHSBOACTBo seMJCA^JB^ecraxi MamHVB h opyxift, b HisoTopHfl npo- 
BBBOACTBa AADn TaRífl npoH8BexeHÚi, ROTopuH He 6omca, BUcrynaTB 
Ha 8eMjex%JiBqecBHX'B BOHsypcaxi, eonepHH^aA, h y^ano^ci Hannnn 
HaHÓoxbe hbb^^cthumh ((^BpMaMB. Bi otx'&í% cejiBCBO-xosaflcTBeHHoft 
iiexaHBKH ň H TenepB saMi^THjrB oxHoro dscaoBeHra droft laTeropiH 
sycrapeft. GueiqajracTHr hsi nyfijHKH o^enB HHrepecoBajHCB moiothj- 
BOfi H BiajiBoft TyjLCROft specTBAHCKoft pa6oTu, ecjiH ne oniHÓaDCL, 
r. TeirJ4iR0Ba hbi KpaoHBeHCKaro fbBju^y h xhbuhcb ea xenreBHSHi 

CpaBHHTOJILHO C% npOR8BexeHÍJiXH CTOJHTOUXl HexaHH^ecRHxx SiaBO- 
AOBl. 

KpoMi caHOBapaaro, saHO^naro, CRofio^Haro fl rapMonnaro npoHS- 
B0A6TBI, vb TyjBCRoft ry6epHÍH xoBOJiBHO pacopocrpaHCBa o6pa6oTBa 
xepesa H Bcrpi^^aerc^ opHrHHajiBHoe saHHrie — Hacii^Ra sojotom^, ce- 
peÓpoMi, HŠXBK) no qyryHy. Oh6hb opHrHHajBHHB Hsxiiia: xpa€aBQ, 
HsamHO. HrpymeqHoe hpohbboxctbo, HaAO^yKaTB^ToseHiritoTino^TeH- 
HEie pasMipu. 

SaxiiTB ryÓepHiflXH » HCSJíD^HTanHO pasBBTOD sycrapHOD Hpo- 
HumjieHHOCTbK) c^iK/evh c^HTaTB: 12) BHaseropoACKyi), 13) BpocjiaB- 
CKyn, 14) KypcRyro h 15) Raiyau^ByD. 

Bi HHseropoACRoft ryÓepHÍH, RavB h vb TyjBCRoft, npeo6xaxaerB 
o6pa6oTBa HoraajiOBi. Ho Ras'B tbitb oho hotoh BCRJD^HTeiBHO ea- 
npaBBjíocB Ha BH^^jRy caMOBapovB, BOo6n^e m^ahoA nocyw h CKo6a- 
Horo TOBapa, tbkb sxtcL oho cocpeAoro^HJiocB rjiaBHUiťB oÓpaBom na 
HoaceBOMi TeBap']^ h npeaiiyn^ecTBeHHo BHCB^eirB 3ai[R& Ocoóohho thhr* 
^ewh Bi, npoHUHijeHHOirB OTHomeniH rop6aTOBCRÍft ytsjcB, vh paftosi 
ROToparo HaxoABTCJi ceia IlaBjíoBó h BopcHa. Sauo^HO-HOseBoe npo- 
BPBOACTBO saHHMaerB OROjio 6,000 CBMeft, xaBaa hitb hotth hcbjtow- 
TOjiBHo cpexcTBa Ri XH3HH. Hsi cpoxu ByCTapHHROBl ycH^o Bfijrb- 

JIBTBCH Vb BTOlťB np0H8B0ACTBÍ^ HÍCROJIBRO HpOHSBOXHTeJieft, Iipeapa- 
THBHIHXCH B1^ „4>&6pHRaHTOB'B^, HO tiOJBHIHHCrBO OCFaeTCJi BCd TÉMH SO 

6tAflHRaHH, ooaoaeHíe RoropuxB xuoro ho bbbhxho, h6o saBHonrB 

OTB R0JieÓaHÍH I^^H^B HB I^eHTpajtBHUXnb pHHRaXl H HpOHSBOXa MŠCT- 

Eujfb CRynn^RROBi h ToproBi^eBi, y Roropuxi RycTapD hphxoxhtch 
OAoasaTBCB xaTepiajioiťB h qacro OT^asaTB CBoft Toaap^B aa A^ny, hib- 
myD Toft, Vb ROTopyn D6omejiCH BSBOxenBuft na nee HaTepiajii. IIo- 



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^ XPOHIKi. — BCSPOGCifiOfiÁJI BHCTÁBKi. 355 

imHTCfl, sorxa-TO nHcaiH, tto b^b IlaBJOBi e^ea jr ne npH noco6iH 
DpaBHTeJiLCTBa ycTpoHjiacB apxejiB, ho sas^^M^b apTeJb ara ho ocymecT- 
BEia Ha^esA^B, na Hee BoaiaraeMUxi, h nojioxeme Meoncaro sycrap^ 
ocrajiocB niwb se, KasHiťB (Suio ao dTOft 8a6oTu o neifB. O^eBHXHO, 
H saóOTHTBca Baxo jHtoHH, a to aceJiaa ocjiaÓHTB Kyjuuea hb HHre- 
pecia'B Hys^ann^eftcfl ^acra iri^crnaro HacejreBÍa, mosho npH6aBHTB 
evy cHJHi. Hítto bi stoitb po^^ Haxo ajmbltl^ cjiyqBjocB h ctb IlaB- 
jOBCBOft aprejBD. Gyn^ecTByerB JtH ona? ne SHan; Ha BUCTaBs*]^ ne 
HxiercH na nee hh MajiMmaro HaMeisa. BipojiTHO, hítb, h6o eft Bcero 
eereeTBeHH^ óiuo 6u svBThoi sejiaTejiBHOK) npeACTaBHrejBHHi^eiD Ba»- 
HitBieft oTpacjra HHseropoxcRaro KycrapHHHecTBa. 

B-B ytsxaxi MasapBeBCKOirB h ceiieHOBCKOjffB mu^berai csopHASHfiifi 

npOMHCeJTB, BaJUUBHHft H IipOH8BOACTBO paSHUIl R8J(%JlÍft H31& A^pOBa, 

opeHMyn^ecTBeHHO xepeBUHHoft nocy^u n Jioses^. 

FjaBHOD orpacuK) sycTapnaro npoHSBOACTBa ďpocJiaBCKofi ryóep- 
Bii ABjíercfl iBHOTBaHecTBO. ApocjaBCBoe nojíOTHO HM^erii o^enb xo- 
pomyi) penyTai^iD: oho py^Hoft npasH h HHorxa AOcmraerB yxHBH- 
TeiBHOft tohhhh. Boo6me npoHS^ACTBOi ne pacnojiaraa HHKaBHMH yco- 
BepmeHCTBOBaHiAMH, ho^th coBcivB ne hmía yjiyqnieHHBixi TexHH^e- 

CKIXI OpiOMOBl 6^eHÍfl B OTX^KH, ABOITB npOXyBTH BeCBMa XOpO- 

maro xa^ecTBa h npoHSBoj^HTi o6opoTB b^b hícrojibko mhjuíohobi py6- 
xA. IIpoHSBOACTBO 8avi^aTejiBH0 T%]fB, ^To BecB MaTepiajTB, BWb no- 
'TpeÓjaeMHft, nojKy^aeTca wh xodattcTB*]^ canoro npoH8BOAHTejia. IIojotho 
n óojiBmHHCTBi cjiy^aerca Tserca hso aBHa, BupoH^eHHaro aomb. Botb 
npoHHHMeHHocTBy 8acjiysHBaiDn(aH ynacrk n noon^peHífl. 

B% H^KOTopiflCB yÍ8xax'B saHHMaiDTCfl BUA'&AB0iD pasHUxi npexMe- 
TOBi Bsob sejrbsaj seere; Mesxy npomrB, paóoranTCJi aKecrjiHHe ca- 
HOiapH. Bi nomexoncKOiTB yiajii aobojibho pasBHTO npoHSBOACXBO cy- 
^aiBHaro BOJiora, a Poctobi cocraBHJTB ce6'& penyTaiuD xobojbho rpoM- 
tjD y HeBSHCBaTejiBHiirB noTpeÓHrejreS — opobsboactboitb (j|»hhh(|^th. 

Bi KypcROft ry6epHÍH HMtoTCA npomicjni: KOseBeBHnft, csopnas- 
hhI, BofijiOHHHft, mepcTonpaxHJiBHiift h mecTOTKaiiKift, bojtocahoA h 

BieTHHHElft, Tei&BHUft H dBEHaSHIlft, ÓOHJiapHUft, CTOUpHHft H HaOT- 

aramfi, roH^apnuft, sysHe^iHHft, HROHonHCHiift, canosHHft, BflsajBHufi. 
Bei 9TH npoHUCjni, ne CMorpa na CBoe pa8HOo6pa8ie, ne j^ocTHraDrB 
teBnoro paBBvrifl. 

Be Kajiyscsoft ryóepniH mu Bcrpi^aeiicfl obatb c^b tí^vh »e apo- 
MfiACTBaMH. Oco6eHBO BHxaDmeiDCJi H AJiB ryÓepHÍH xapaKTepHOD 
cq^aejM) npoMirauenHOCTH aajaercfl cpaaHHTeiBHO onenB pacnpocTpa- 
Hrooi^ HO no xemeBHBHi Tonapa HemerojiHiomee pa8M%pavH o6opoTa, 
WtmmfffTBo poros'B, poro»Haro RyjiJi h syjiBRa. MocajiBCBaji porosa 

28* 



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356 B^GTflHR^ BBPOnH. 

HMieri noiTH Tanyi) xe penyrai^ii), saK^B MseMCKíň npaHasi, KieBCsoé 
BapeHBe, iLOJnoHeHcsaji nacTHJia h t. n. 

HaAO corjiaciiTbCA, hto B'b cosHaHÍH h npaBBrejbCTBa, h o6m,earBh 
ne hhíiocb Acnaro npexcTaBjema o to& c^p^ aapoAnaro xpyxa, so- 
Toputt BupasBaeTca KycTapBon npoMunueHHOCTEi). Mooro pasxaercfl 
BSAOxoBi o njoxovB dsoHOMB^ecBoirB nojoseHÍH HapOAa, mhofo toj- 
Kyerea CTporHMH piiropHCTaifH 06% yna^si HpaBCTB6HH0CTH, saicb np9- 
9aH'&, cosAann^eft 9to . nojioseníe; ho vb cyM6ypH0]rB xaoct axHxi 
TOjiBOBi p^ARO paB^aDTCfl sj^paBEifl ysasaHia, pixso xaDTCfl j^ŽJibHue 
HaneRH H yBasaHÍA. 

TaBHlťB HaMeBOMl MOSHO He OČHHyaCb CHHTaTb ycTpoftcTBO OTA^a 

sycrápHoft npoMunueHHOCTH, KOTopuft sasib HaiBSB (Sojite Har^uxHo h 
yÓ^ABTejbHo noBasueaeTi), CBOibBO HeTpoHyTiiz'B chjii, caoco6Him ki> 

npOHSBOAHTeJIbHOfi A'Í^TeJIBHOCTH, COSHaxeJILHOÉ H SHepra^HOS * TaHTCS 

vb Hamemb npocroHi napoA^. 

npozoAJi no AOBOJELHo npocTopHOMy noHÍoi;eHíi), oTBexeHHOMy ví 
AByn M'&CTax'b BHCTaBBH noA^ BycTapnuft otx&ii, a h6bojibho nox- 
Aajca 96My-T0 B'b poAÍ oÓbabía noA% BjriAHÍearB dTHz^B necrpuxi, oe 
Bcer^a Esan^Him, nan^e rpy6HX'B npoHSBQXdmň npocroro pyccBaro 
q640BÍBa. ?TÓ, xyHajiocB HHŽ, ecjiH6ii dToft npoMunueHHOCTH (hio 
OBasaflo i^ijecooÓpasHoe nocotiie, (CBoeBpeiieHHaA nouepxBa, E»xh dro 
AiiaeTCB y naes Hep'&XB0 h 6esh ocoóeHHO ocHOBarej&mnrb bobcaobi? 

BasBocTB BycrapHOfi npoMumjEeHHOCTH ysasaHa, (Siarox^^ Tpyxaxi 
ynoiCBHyToĚ bommbccíh h MocBOBCsaro ryfiepncBaro seiíCTBa, caMUirB 

BCHHMX OÓpaSOHl. IIO npHÓjHBHTeiBHinTB BOTHCJteHiaiTB, HOSerrbÓllTB 
HHSmHSTB AUCTBHTeJIBHOCTH, HO BO BCBBOITB CJy^ai HO BUCDDmTB, 
CTOHMOCTB UpOBSBO^CTBa HCHHCJIBeTCa FB 200 XHJIJ[ÍOHOB'B pyÓJOfi. 

H Tasoe npoHSBOxcTBO ochobbjiocb, ospinio 6evb bcaboA BHtmHeft 
nouepsBHf eAHHCTBeHHO ÓjiaroAapA dHeprie, eDOCo6HOCTH rb xpyxy, 

npHpOAHOft lOBBOCTH H HaZOX^HBOCCH. HanpOTHBl BCe CBJBAHBajlOCB I 
CTOHrB TBBli TTOÓH CEJB UpODBABIB Vb TpyXHOft 6opB6Í. TLÍTB SHaHÍft, 

. cpoACTBi^f niTh ÓJiaronpiaTHaro ctfura, eítl oÓpasiiOKB, mo&h coBepmai- 
CTBOBBTB CBOB npoHBBeAeHÍB. ^0 pimeflifl Bcasaro ^acrnaro Bonpoca kb 
apaKTBBi npoHSBOACTKB apHxoAHJiocB AOzoxHTB caMOvy. no hcthhí Tpo- 
raTejBHO 6ujio, HanpHHipK, BHCJiymHBaTB pascBasi o^Horo npoHBBOXH* 
Teu ^sHBOHHCHaro npotfucjia^, noBicTBOBasniaro o toicb, kbkb okb- 

TmZCSL HHCaTB MaCJUlHUMH BpaCSaMH. H BaBOK) HCBpeHHeD potfocTBD 

SBy^ajTB ero otbíti na cobíitb oópaTHTBca btb xyxosHHBam, bi yw^ 
jHH^e, saBoe, moji, h b'b Mocbbí octb: Tam noxoiBOBajnb 6h o cbobitb 
jíMii yBHxajii, BBB^B HacTOJinýe shboohci^ii nHmyrB. „O^chb Bony 
nysHo ch HaniHM^B óparov^B TOJisoBaiB; y hhxi, netioftcB, Tooe CBoe 
A^o ecTB... OnjiTB se Baaib dxo hh cl tofo, hh cb caro ophath'. 



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XPOHISi.— BOEPOGGdGSAfl BHGTABEi. 357 

no HCT0H% óesnoMoiQeHi BycrapB no OTHomemD b'e oimfiuj pas* 
BiTÍD H K% TezHH^ecKofi noAroTOBKt. BesDOMonneffb owh h vl cpex* 
emaxi npoHSBOxcTBa. B'& KOjjesi^iixi, mbv)m^zcs. vh ota^j'6 nycTap- 

BOi npOHHHUeHHOCTB, Ha HiROTOpiIXl npeAMeTaX'B BKICTaBJeHU I^^HH. 

TarB, Haup., MOCKOBCBoe ryÓepHCBoe sohctbo, b'b bhaj tpyahocth npn- 
Bjeu KycrapHHBOffB jíbbtbca cx cbobhh npoHSBeAeHÍfiHH jkotho, Tasí 
CKasaTB 3a cbo& chctb, a Taase h wb bhay npexnoiaraeMaro ycTpoficTBa 
Myseff no RycrapnoŘ npOMUnueHHOCTH, cocrasjAjo boucri^íh, npiotípi- 
na npexMOTEi npoHSBOxcTBa bi co^CTBennocTB. Ilpn dTOSTB npojjaBajica 
TOBapi no CB06ÓAHHM1 i^naiTb, h Bce-TaRH i^hu HeHMOB^pno ^eme- 
Biuí, vh Taioft creneHH, wo ^aa© npn na^íaBEt 20Vo — 257o'npio6- 
picTH BTh y ToproB]](eBx H']^rE BO8MOSHOCTH. HoHOHi se, naj^o xyiiaTB, 
npio(^'&TaDTCfl dTH Ben^H, sorxa npHroHHTE KycTapa b-b CBynnj^HBy nys^a. 
A Bj&^ 9Ta nys^a, mosbo csasaTb, cjíaoitb xoabtx sa pyccREirB BpecTBfl* 

HBHOirB. TaRBIÍ^ OÓpaSOlTB HOSHO Cl BtpOATHOCTBK) CKasaTB, BOCpeX* 

mecEifi 6apiinrB csynH^BRa - TOproB]](a b'b oóopoxaxi Cb npoAyBTaMB 
lycrapnaro npoBSBOACTBa bucob:b Rasib hbpaí. BosBHy js,ia npBMŽpa 
XBa npexHera. Bi oxHOfi bs^ Boxiesnifi MOCROBCsaro seiíCTBa ctobtb 
uáÓEue Biai, no níbni bi 5 p. 50 r. Mhí nepe^aBain 8HaK)^^e 
j^lio JUD^B, Kor^a samejii pasroBoprs o6i 9tom:b no^TB hooóxo^b* 
ion n cejBCKOMi xosflficxBŠ CHapflA'6 oni;e saj^oiro ao BKicraBRB, 

frO BftCH 9TB BSrOTOBjaDTCIi MA OnTBEO-HexaHB^eCRBXl HaraSBHOB^B 

sycrapaiiH. Bi> MarasHHaxib b£ch ctod^tb ott. 20 — 25 p. JlaEBpoBan- 
lu EBjí,'bJúa, RaEi bsbíctho, npo;i;aDTCJi o^ohb ;i;oporo: 3a to, ^tó y 
lycTapB eTOBTB 7 bjb 8 p., bi MarasBH'^ naAO OT^aTB 30—40. Bi 
9T0MI JI yó^BjiCJEí, MesAy npoiBiťE, Ha apiiniRax-B rx ajiBÓoMaifB ma^ 
4Krrorpa4>ifi. 

H TaRHX'B npBMipoBi MOSHO HaópaTB MHoroe HHoxecTBO. Cjhm- 
lom BiícoBift nocpeAHBqecRífl npoi^eHTx MoasoTi (SesomBÓOHno c^h- 
TtT&CA ysasaTejieMi HenpasBJBHofi nocTaHOBRB dpobsbo^htojb: TopaeTB 
opoflSBOACTBO, h6o oho CT^CHAercfl FB CBoeiTB pasBBTiB, TopAeTO no- 
ipe^joBÍe, h6o crojibro nepenjiaqBBaeTaB nocpoAHBRy, RaR'B pasi na- 
cmíBRo cjBÓi&n noTpeóBTejBHaji chocoÓhoctb HacejieHÍA. 

PyccBoe oÓn^ecTBo, Aase b^ jibi^í cbobx^b jy^niBx^B npexcTaBBTejiet, 
le SBaio sycTapHOfl npoMHnijeHHocTH. Hn^ero wkvh yxHBBTejiBHaro, 
no ne Tonso vb Hnrepecaxx ea HH^ero ne npeAnpBHBiiaiocB, bo xaše 
1 jBOMBHaHíe o Beft BCTpinajocB BecBMa pi^RO b b% lepTaxi CHy!F- 
Basft, BMcaux^. TenepB 4>aRTi ea HajBHHocTB BucTynBjrB bo Bcefi, 
cmA apiocTH. 9to BecoMHÍHHajE[ ycjiyra BucTaBRB pyccROMy o0n^e- 
CMHJWiy C08BaHÍH), Heoi^iBBMaa ycjiyra nepe^i oón^ecTBOirEi T^xtb jik>- 
KĚifyuWfii9^ ROTopuHx npeAnpBBflTi b TaRi i^i^ecop6pa8BO ócyn^e- 
h^mji^n sycTapnaro npoH3BOACTBa. HeysejB óho b xenepB ocxa- 




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358 B^ftCTHim sBPoniL 

Hercfl B'B'TOiťb se npeHeÓpeseníH, saroni. 9to 6hjo 6u cemod xapas* 
TepHOD HenocjiiAOBaTejíBHocl^K) wb BBxy ctojib pacopocTpafleHBHxi 
Tenepjb tojbobi o HeoóxoAHMOCTH noxHaTB ycjOBÍa BapoxHaro xpyxa. 
B^AB A^JO Aonuo xase xo 0($pa80BaHÍA oón^ecTBa cib cneiq&AHOD 
níbsíAO yjiy^nnenijst HapoAHaro Tpy^^a. 

Bon xu Ha^axa i^^ecooópasHuĚ marrb no Aopori, HaMÍHeHHofi 
odn^ecTBOiťb. 

Ho Bonpoci o coA^ftcTBÍB BycrapHoft npommtieHHOCTH Moserb, 
no^TH Hae^pHO bctp^thtb HHeHHo Ha ocHOBaHie SHaMeHHTiixi aaoBO- 
MH^ecRHxi nSasoHOBi'' MHoroe npoTHBieeófl. 

Bi caMOiTb x%i'b, o ^eiTb staxo xionoTaTb vl ÓJiaroycTpoeHHOirB fo* 
eyA&pcTBi? O pasBHTin MaHy((>aBTyprB. Ohí coA^ftCTByDrB HaRonJieHÍK) 
KanHTaja; owb^ noJiBsyjiCB bcímh ycoBepmeHCTBOBaHÍAMH, xaDrs crpaflt 
rpOMaxHyD 9kohohíi) BpeHeHv. Hejino se óhtlcji na py^HOirb craBsi, 
Korxa xjionHaTO-6yHasHafl MaHy^^asTypa Aaen HaTepían jua 6íjui 
sa cpaBHBTejiBHyD Hs^TOSHyK) niBTy h ysi, soHenHO, xemesje, hími 
óy^en ctobtl dpobsboactbo dxoro [MaTepi»ajia aohb. Aojoě py^Hoe 
TBanecTBO. ?to nouepsHBaTB ero, Kor^a saH^aa ero MaHyJMucrypHinrB 
ecTB npjiHaB Buro^a, h wb CHjiy cosHaHiB 9to& butomji oepBoe neTOJLio 
Mosero 6uTB, ho aoisho ókitb pas^asjíeHo BiopuirB. To se caiioe, bo 

HMB T^Th se nHeH3MÍHHHX'L SaBOHOB^B**, MOSerB 6UTB CBESaHO O 
BaSXOMX npOHSBOACTBi. Bcb OHH XOISHU nOniÓHyTB, npHBŠTCTByfl 

nojiHufi saxBaTX Bcixi dBOHOMHqecsHxi chjtb crpanu BpynHum sa- 
nHTajiHCTHHecBHH'B npoHSBOACTBOMi, BOTopoMy H cji^^yerB Vh BH^axi 

dTOrO OKaSUBaTB HCBlD^UTeiBHO BaóOTJHByi) nOMOD[(B) SaKlb BHpaSHJCil 

OABHi opaTopB, npeAnpHHHMarejiB-MaHyij^aBTypHCTX) na sacixaDB^eBi 
TeaepB vl Mocbbí (tbíba^: sHOBa ae HHHyerB wb toitb HaXo6HOCTH'* 

Bce dTO TBBi. Ho boti Basofi BonpocB Hosen npHxo^HTB no aiox; 
noBoxy yMHam jnoMMi. OMjnwb aHrjiificBÍ& nacaTejB, GaMydJB JLdBVb, 
HaÓjno^^aBBiift Jíflmw) h xopomo SHasOMuft ch en dROHOMHqecBHMi (h- 
TOMi, no aBajor&^HOMy ho^th cjry^ai) cnpamHBaerrB: 

„C6epeseHÍe BpeMeHH n xpy^a He^BSB OTpHi^aTB, ho hto AiiaTB 
CB cóepeseHHUMi speHeneirB?" 9to h BBJíBeTCA rjiaBHHM^B Boopocdn 
Wh CTpaH^ HacTOJiBBo cyn^ecTBeHBO seMJieAi^B^ecBOfi. 

Bx CaMOM'B KÍJl% ^TO A^^TB?.. 



vm. 

OmJÍWL HS^B BeJHBHX^ MUCJHTejeft - no JHTHBOBl, MOHTeCKBe, Bl 

CBoeM^B Esprit des lois Bucsasajii, Hes^y npo^HifB, Tasoe oojoseBie: 
les pays ne sont pas cultivés en raison de leur fertílité, mais en raison 



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XFOHIKÁ. — BCBPOOOlftCKia BHCTiBBi. 859 

de leur Uberte. & cuttho ^yBCTBpBajTB Bcer^a upaejiy aroro KjabcHie- 
eiaro HspeHenifl, ho HHKorxa oho ne 6hjio hhí TarB ohobhaho acho, 
Tan y6ig(HTeiBH0, san nocii sBasoMCTBa cb ^^HHUHxcBHiťB otx%- 
jon BcepoccifiCEofi BUcraBU. npaB'b h thcb^j pasi npaBib BejHBiň 
4rpaHi^8:BÍ 

Hto TaKoe ^RHiAHjÚB? SaxeHHaa CKajia, pacnojioseHHaa vb npe- 
XÍttHHx<B mHporaxrb .yenioraaro seiueA^tAA*, a ^acT&D h sa arairB 
npex&tOM^ ?T0 TaKoe, cyxfl no HapysnocTH, HaeeieHie ^aajiaHxiB? He 
sa^BJiien ce6a Kb HeHi Óofisaji TajuiHTJHBOCTB 4>paHAy8a, cosHaTejiLHaB 
fopxocTB aerjaraaHHHa, THOH^Haa MHoroAyMHocTB HÍMi^a. 9to cobcíitb 
npccToft, HesaTifijHBHfi THiKb iDxeft, BupafioraHHuň cypoBoi) npHpo- 

XOS, JUOXeĚ, OBpftDIIlHX^B KB ÓOpBÓi Gl paSfiUHH HefiSrOJ^ailH, npHBUB- 

msTh ópaTB Boe uh 6od... H, no hcthhí, mhofo bbiíto h Óepercx ctb 

nOXOn^BD OTOft npHBUUH. 

npejuieru 4^HauHACBaro or^^^a pacnojoseHu kb oxhoě hb^b raj- 
2q[)eft i^eBTpaiBHaro 8xaHÍB bhctbbbh. Ha apsax^ rajjepeH HaiepraH^B 
xesHffB — ^mdnstria, ars^ labor; Hax'B Bxo^^aMH kb ota^i ysp^nieHu 
rep6H CB BSOÓpaseHieiTB Bsopa cb RpecroMi. BnyrpeaBOCTB noiEŠn^e- 

HÍB OTHOCHTeJÍBHO AeBOpHpOBBH npOHSBOAHVB BneHaTJT&HÍO XOVOBBTOÍ 

ymrHOCTH. Bhaho, ^to ycrpoHraiaMB xoporrB yenirB hxb oxe^ecTBa, 
HTO OTfi,ixh ycrpaHBajcji ho tojbbo jiBi^aMH, au tofo BOHaHAHpoBaH- 
HDiH on HaiaucTBa) a jdabmh, ajia KOTopuzi A^o 6hjio Ójbw) jl% 
cepAny, ocB&iMuoeB cosHaHíem ero SHa^eHiA. Bi vsowb npoBBiBjíCB 
maiettHut naTpioTHSicB, h <^hhjuhaíb cnpaBOAJUBO mosctb cuTaTB 
eeíft yAOBieTBopeHBOD: m BscraBsa yAajacB snojHi, OBadUBaBCB npH* 
TOHB BHO JBJ^ HBi^ioHajLBHOK), BapoAHOK). HapoAB, Wh jam^k CBoarB npeA- 
eraBSTaieft, accsTHOBaxB sa ea ycrpoficxBo h nocoÓU bi nepeB08B'b 
Ben^ei ao 150,000 MapoBi; napoA^ kb jihi^í cbohxi npoHSBOAHTeieft, 
sanojiHHXB CBOHXH npeAMeraiiH ncmin^eHíe, BHCTpoeHBoe obbtb ((>hh- 
HaxB, HacrepaxH h pačomuH, napo^Ho ^jul tofo npHBeseBHiafH wffb 

toLUHAÍB. • 

TaBHlTB OÓpaSOlTB 4>BHJIABACBÍň OTA^XB np6ACTaBJIBeTCa HaB60JíÍ6 

THmraHuiťB. E Heju3a csasaTB, ^to6u vh ary thuh^hoctb saH^Tso 

BXOAUH OpHSBaBH 6ÍU(fl0CTH CXpaHH, BOTOpUB CTOJB eCTeCTBeHHO ólUO 
lapiTBTB Vb npOMEinueBHOMl npeACTBBHTaiBCTBll CTpaHil, nOBHAH* 

loiy, nocraBjeHHOĚ kb ctojb BeBirroAHiiB ycjOBÍB npflpoAOi). 

nepeqHCIBTB BCe, ^TO BUCTBBJIBeTCfl <t)HHJBHAI^aHB, WÍTh B08H0S- 

Hocra. 8to 6ii saHjijo mbopo Mícra h Bce-raRH ne Aajo nonam o 
npomiBUdHBOirB pasBHTÍH crpaflH. ?to6bi cyAHTB o nem, hbao bhaítb 
n 9tuK>o6pa8ie npoAyBroBi, botopumh npeACTaBJBercB npoifuniJieH- 
BoeiB ^hAiBHAÍH, BBAO osflaBOKHTBca ci zapaBTepoMB upoBSBeABsift, 
CB BBMfrfitUBUMH, HO npaBAHBUHH H aTBorpa(j[»HqecBHifH rpynnaMH, 






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360 nmwa^ ibpouh. 

nocJíyiiiaTb xoposoe ninie <|>flHjjiHxiieBi— h aH)iw yse eyxHis o upo- 

H8B0AHTe.[bH0Ě COCTOATeJLHOCTfl, 06l dBOHOVHqeCKOft SHSHeCnOCOÓHOCTH- 

dxofl ÓÍAHO& no upHpoxi crpaHií, aroro cib bha7 BJi^aro, fj^jerMETiH- 
Haro Hapo^a. 

BHcraBsa 4>HHj[AHACKaro OTA&ia xojsaa, ao-nepaiixi, c^sraTbu 
aecBiia xapásTepHOD no pasnoo^pasii) poxoBi npoMuni.[6HHOCTH, vh iiet 
npeAcraueHHUxtb, BO-BTopuxi o^enL oparHHajiBHOi) no zapasTopy dmi 
npeAMeTOBi. íero tojbbo bítb bx Hem. Seiíteo, erajob, ^yrysL, ca- 
xaprb, CT6U0, ÓyMara, sapTOffB, Baronii, Tafias^B, toi{») cnapTEiie aa- 
nHTSH, pasHua TsaBH, nopxepi (6yT. 28 k., /A ^^yr. 14 k.), Ta6an, 
yacyci, oóyaB, aeiiJíeAiJiBqecsU opy^i^ar, jfOiOHniift cboitb h t. a. 

TpyxHO npexcTaBHTB ceói npoHSBoxcTBO, npexeraBneu Koroparo 
ne OKasajocB 6ii na BueTaBR'b. H Bce dxo HOCHrB OTneqaTOSi ;(iio- 
BHT0& X08JÍĚCTB6HH0CTH, upaRTH^HocTH, padc^CTa Ha yejíOBÚi ctiurapoBBO 
Hxyn^aro, onpeA&raeMaro dBOHOMHiecsaiTB 6utom% Maecu HacejieHk. 
Ha BHCTaBsi Boace orcyTCTByDTB npexMOTH, yAoajerBopaDnpe toaeo 
AO spaflBOCTH xoBexeHHott pocKomH. H dTO 86 SHawTb, vro OTcyr- 
CTByDTi npexMeru, y;(OBJieTBopaK>nqe norpeÓHOcraHtb BCTere^ecBaro 
Bsyca H BOM({K)pTa. dro CTaBSTCfl bhí BCAsaro cohhšhLi npHcyTCTBÍaa 
HÍBOTOpuxi npeiuieTOBi h vh xy^osecTBennoirb ota&ií BtiCTaBSH, h 

BX ^aCTHOMX (j^HEIAHXCBOHX. 

BecBva xapaRxepHU, Hes^y npo^Hvi) dTHorpa4>H^ecKÍa rpynnu, bh* 
craaieHHHfl CTy^enraMH rejBcnHr(j[)opci^aHH. IIo hhiix mosho SHasoMiiTBCi 
H ch HapoxHUMX TBnoHx 4>HHjii[Hxcsaro nacejeHifl, b cx ero óbtoboí 
oóCTanoBsoĚ. Borx Hsfia hbx TaBacrryccsott ryóepnÍH, botb ewb a6oB- 
CROfi. 06i noHTH Bi HaTypajiBHyD BejH^Hny. Hesaie hotojikh, ÓpeeeH* 
Haxua ctíhu. Tícho, 6'&abo, ho ne y6oro. Hsóa — x^ftCTBHTejBBo ne- 
jOB^&qecsoe sHJiHme, a ae taívl naoxo coxepsHHaro pa6oHaro csora. 
Bx Heft onpaTHo, yDTHO. Huierea Heoóxoxiiiaa HotiaiB* Bx o6iixi 
H86axx npexcTaBjíeHU 4>HHjiaHACKÍA cevBH. ^ohh hxx pafioTaDn h 
CJiymaDTi ^Tome. H xaHi, h ba^cb CTapmift mewb ceMBH ^Hraeri 
6oiBniyi) KHHry, h HTOHÍe BHHHaTOJiBHocjymaeTca^RaKB aspocjuiiHue- 
HaMH ceMBH, Taax h x^tbhh. 

H KB aCTHHHOCTB dTHXX ÓUTOBUXX CUfiffb BtpHTCH. ^OKasaTaKBCTBO 

Ha iBUfi. KHHra ^ojsna HenpeMinno 6utb HeoóxoABHiuťB npeAxeroiii 
AOHamHflro oÓHxoxa 4>HHjiaHACE0ň cohbh. Hapoj^, y aoToparo vbrh 
dToro, ne uoxevb npoaajiaTB b% Taaoft cxenenH h Taax paeyMHCf cbo- 
Hxx npoHBBOAHTaiBHUxx CHJx, CToiB ycntntHo 6opacB cb ycjOBiaMi 
EJHMaxa, no^BU, Boo6nie ecxecxBonnoE) o^cxanoasoi) caoero Óiixa; ovb 
He Bx cocxoaHÍH Tasx i^ijiecooópadHo nojiBsoBaxBca npeniiyniecTBaiíH 
CBOero rpaanaHCKO-nojiHXHHecKaro ycxpoftcxaa. 



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XřOHflSi.— BGIPOGGltCKi^I BHCTiBBÁ. 861 



IX. 

O BTopot rpynn'& — B^jnROrj^eCBua noeo6U — npaBO ne SHa© it6 
1 cBasaTB. Saffau ex op^aHH3a]^H) huo AynaTb no en HaBiieHOBa- 
ms, sasjD^aiacB b% TOKb, ito6u ci wboě ctc^hu opeAcraBHTB co* 
cTOtHÍe yieÓHaro xiia kb Poccíh, cb xpyroft— ypoBen^ na soropoirb 
dOHn Hay^Hoe pasBHTÍe. Haxo upumancsi^ hto BTopyK) ^acTB aa^a^H 
i e&Bciwh 86 noHHvaD. Chjíbho coMH^eaDCB, qTOfiu npexcTasjíeHie o 
HajKi 6hjio acBO y caMHrb ycrponrejiefi Hay^Haro (ysffbM. Bi ca- 
Hon a^jA, hto sasoe .HaysHiui npoHSBexeHÍa*', xpyruH cjosaMH, npo- 
sBBCixeHifl BaysH? Mosho^ BOHe^Ho, pacnnipjiTL noHATÍa, npeAcraBien^ 
Hoe co^eraHÍeiii arHu AByzí cjobi, ho bo buusomi eiy^ai na nep- 
Bon uani droft xo tfesjKOHeHHOCTH xase pacmHpeaHoft nepcnesxHBH 
nosBOjiHTejLHo osHxaTB BCxptoiTB yioHiut co^HHOHifl, annapaTU míí 
HayHHUX'B H8€jiÍA0BaHÍft H T. H. Ho OTHoro HayqHoe npoB8BeAOHie — 
pofljB HjH Tpytfa, nonacy Hayuoe apoadBoxenie — nefaTHHft npeccB, 
ynorpe6jJieiiufl wh Koaropazi, 4>OTorpa(|^H9ecsie noprperu, rapHOHHii 
Hu ipHHaAjesHOCTH AMJí THftorpa(|^ÍH? He noHHlfaD. 3a HeajnDqemeirB 
HÍKOTopHx% npexneroRBi zota 6u cb naTASKofi onpaBxuBaronpai 
icftyecTBeHHoe o6o8Ha?eHie BnpoHSBeAeHiň nayBH^, ocraiBHoe hosho 
cvMPh noMtn^HHUMi B!B rpynny 6xhhctb«hho noroiiy, ^to EVb Hesyxa 
(kuo xítb. 

%o6u cyxiTB o6i 0TA&t4^ npoHSBexoHÍft sayKH, a hosbojd ce6i 
n^uciHTB uaccu, no soropmrB pacno^ioseiiii coiSpannHe vb hoicb 
np^xxeru. Bóro hxi nepenenB. 

a) npHfiopH H HipHTeiBHHe HHCTpyHeHTH) cjiysanúe Aia npoBS* 
Boxersa s^ynurb Hscjf^AOBanifl. 

6) HexHi^BHexúi npHHaMexHOCTH; npeo6 jaxaDnpĚ npexHor^B — ^Hcayc- 
eraoHHiie 8y6H h ^enocTB: bsi aocatb ^ernpe dKcnonenTa. 

b) MysuKaiBHue HHCTpyiieHTiii: rBTapu, pojsm, xyxoBiie Hncipy* 
rani^ d^anEH, 6apa6aHH. 

r) HpBjíoseHie xy^osecraa Ri npoMiinueHHOCTB: sapTHBH na 4>ap* 

Í9tAj HXOHU, OfipaSIlU BKIBftcO^HOfi SBBOnHCH, linHUfl H ptSEUfl BSA^* 

jía, Basoiei^i BaaH bkb nepa, kosh h MaTepÍH. 
• jO IIpBjiOseHifl dieBTpfl^ecTBa kb upOHumienHocTB: pasHHfi npH* 
iiiluexBoeTB, ynoTpeÓjraeHUA wb pasHim BH^axi djesTpp-TexHBiui; 
^ĚmejumM ranBaHonjiacTB^ecKofi 4>ft<ipHBaiqB; dJiesTpB^ecBie bbohkb, 
MHB^cmarBBTBiie peryjaTopH. 
;4 BpitfopH H npBflaxJiesHOCTH f^a TBnorpa({^ÍH h Booón^e ne^aTaHía. 

Ibaúa se bto „upoBSBe^eniji Hayai''? 



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363 nwíBMSh nponfi. 

?T0 sacaerca ao j^eÓHott hecth Biopofi rpynnUf to ee HeiBU 

ynp^ByTL Vh MUOOÓUÍH MaTepLAIE, 0C06eHH0 co CTOPOHU Tan Ha- 

8UBaeMUX!B yHeCSHuxi nocoóift. 

IIpHHŠBeirB, npaBxai ne coseiiTb yxauo ub yM^HO toibbo ot^nciH, 
enocofo osHasoiueHÚi co msojioio ho pesynTaTan cbooII x^TeiBHOCTi, 
BupasaeMUirb pa6oTaiui yiesiBoatb. O Bnojaz!b, npBSBaHHiirb xuan 
0611^ o6pa80Baflie, aais HHanusb— ropoxciHz^ rasi h cpexHin, 
CKasaTii ^To-Hflóyx^ cyx£ ho Buenuue&HHHi hšbotopumh bbojhuii 
oópasiiairB, TpyxHO, hohth HeBoanosHo. Ho o npo^^eccioHaiuím— 
xosHo. YcH^XH no BpaRnraecftHieE patfoTam MexaHHHMMao x^mlkt^ 

BeCBHa yXOBieTBOpHTeJD^HH, Bf Hei&BH Re npH8HaT&, ^TO dTO AÍIO y BiCl 

pasBHBaOTCJi, Kp^DBer^: bhxho, hto oho nocraBjeHO Ha HMicsas^ 
HOTOy. ^ase hIbotopiu peaiumn y^ouH^a, HiitonÚA MexaHHneciie 
XonojiHHT6jibHue Bjaccu, BUotaBHjra paóoru, yKasuBaDnpH na n&ie- 
ooo6pa8HOCŤb HOxroiOBU yHOHHBOBi dTHn jHmjwJK% xi npoxoiaBeEÍD 
cBoero cfiei^iAJBHaro o6pa30BaHÍji. 

Hto sácaoTCH Ao HapoxHot mKOJB, toih^ ceiBCsoft) TOOHaotcjr- 
eTByeTi& Ha Bacraas^ ^a h na Baioft bhc^bí voserb Haincb Htoo 
dTOMy naciiHBy Hamet HecoMBŠHHo pasBBBaDi^eftcH Kyj&Typu? MoxeiH 

HIBOJBHUXl XOHOB^b, 06pa8I^ HIKOJI&HOft XOÓejH, pa8B006paBHHJI yiBÓ- 

HHii noco6ÍH HM&íH BCBjnoHHTejBBO ooBasHoft zapaKTopi. TasíM^ 
o6pa80Mx BiiHecTH BBBoe-HHÓyxB npexcTaBj6HÍe o cocroamH y^ietearo 
MÍbjSL Booón^e h Hi^oxHaro oÓpasoBanÍH bi qacTHOCTH nlsr^ bmhos- 

HOOTH. npHZOXHTCH OCTaBaTbCH HpH TOMl MHÍHÍH, TTO HapOXHOe o6p&- 

soBanie ciftxyon c^nraTb y naci en^ vb saHaro^noM^b coctohhíb, íto 
HpaBHJBHo DocraHOBJíeHHaH 06H^60(5pa80BaTeAbHaH HapoxHaa msoia ot- 
cyTCTByen. 

SarfcHi BOBHHKaeTb BonpocB: mosho jh osHxaTB HaBHXx-HHÓyAi 
pe^yi^TaroBi on BsexenU vb HapoxHOft msojri^ pexecn, coiBciaro 
xosaftcTBa h t. h., o ^omi tbki xnoro TOisyDrb wb nocJÍX9^ 
BpejfA? PaacysxBH xora 6u anjMopHo, ho xo6pocoBftOTHO, hjoi crpofl 
CBOH cyasxeHiH na ysasamH onuta xpyrnxi CTpaB*^ OTBtob opHxoxBSCfl 

XBTB OXHHaBOBO OTpHI^aTeiBHiii. C^XyOn 06jieF«lHtB BOBXOSHOCTb 

X^THM'b HapoxB nojyqaTb oón^ee o6pa8(»aHie, a aociii Toro, Borx& l^^^ 
dTO OBpinHerB, mosho 6yx6n roBopHTB o peiiecieHHOM^ h cejnexo- 
xoMftCTBeHHOMi o6paaoBaHÍB« A xo Toro bcí cysxeBÍH h qaerniu, h 
ny6jumBuu — Óosdjioxhu. 

npH dTOMi hobojibho opHxoxHTi Vh iHMOBy HOBOceioe coo6paBe- 
me, HTO o6ii^eHy o6pa80BaHÍH> vb xtftcTBHTaiBHOirB CMHcrt wb sapox* 
Huxi niBOj[ax'B ho nojiosoHo xase Hamal Bb HOCjr&XBCMi hhckojuo 
HO pasyótsxaerb h BUCTaBsa. Bi en y^eÓHoirb OTxiii hítb hb^po, 



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XPOHEKA^ — BCSPOGCltCKiJI BHOTÁBKJL.. 363 

^TO xon CKaiBK0-BB6y](B HaiieRaio 6u Ha dry cropoHjr xiflTejibHOCTR aa- 
poxHot niROJUi, Ha BUDOJHeHie dToro cyn^ecTBeHHMoiaro ea HasHaneBijs. 

O BOeHHOBTB OTAÍJ'b H MOpCSOM'B, Wb Ka^eCTBt ^eiOB^Ba, BBOJBt 

rpasjíancBaro, cyxHTB ae ÓepycB. BpocaDTCa bi rjiasa ny^OBHipEUfl 
lymu; coÓHpaen okojo ce6a ny6iHBy aBTOMaTHHeesH AiftcTByDmaa 
Topsejta. B^b oón^eHrb ste ota^h khí noRaaajHCb HeocoóeHHo o6Hjb- 
BHo; xa H TO esaaaTB, BaBaa BucTaBsa Moseri npoHSBOAHXL sne- 

UTliHie BaiHlia, Vb BHXy Ttx% rpOMaAHHZl CyiIlCB, KOTOpUZ^S CTOPTX 

otimecTBy coBpeiieHHUfl nocToaHHiia apMÍH h ({idiotu? 

Bl sauDqeBÍe se Mory ne ocraHOBHTBca na MajeBLKOiťB naBHiíBOBi, 
TeTpoeHHOir& oón^ecTBOHi cnacania na Boxaxi. O&h btovl ofimfi&swt 
eoBciiTB Maio ciHHEHo, a MesAy tšice iií'6j[l ero ocyntecTBxaerca bi 
eo<XFBÍTCTBeHHO BOCBMa noTreHHUz'b pastrbpaxi. B% nepiox^ ci Be- 
6oj[Lnraiťb sa 10 Arh oho cnaeioorB ra^eiH 3500 ^ejíOB'&Bi! H cyme- 
CTByerb otfn^ecTBO na lacTHEUi cpeACTea— na bshocbi uchobi. He Bca- 
Uí qacTHaa HHH^iaTHBa h y ebcl vBÚnerb^ xoth MHorie kpí9lv>t% 
raa^e h roroBU xotb 6u h Boece EsraaTB bosmoshoctb ea hb^' npaBTHBH 
Himeft o6n;ecTfieHHoft xhshh. 

Bb KOHAÍ KOHI^OBl, CBOAfl HTOITB BCOMy BHA&HHOMy HB BCepOCCÍŘ- 

exoi BHcraBBi, nosBOJiHTejiBHo co6paTB cboh oniynneHiaB abtb OTB^rB 
Ha ecrecTBeHHO B03HHBaDD^fi[ Boopoci: yxajracB jm BucTaBKa? 

Eavb ocyHi^ecTBHBBiiňcH <{«BrB— xa! 

Ho, flpH o]]('6HKt yxa^H BucraBSB, h Taaott rpaHxiosHOfi BHCTaBKH, 
ojqio oeyii^ecTBjíeHie (t^asTa eo^e bhbhhtg^ ho mhofo. Tasúi HaflciOHajb- 

UU C06UTÍB^ KaSBMl Wb rpaJKXaHeKO-dBOHOMH^eCBOMl BHaqeHÍH HBAO 

ciHTaTB HacTOBD^yD Bucraasy, cnocoÓBu eiíatb hb oóm^ecTBeHHoe co- 
SBame, BUBusaTB hobuo Banpocu oti BHyrpeBHeft bchshh, cxaBHTB 
o6H9dCTBy hobuh k^jih, bobub crpeiueHiB: TasÍB co6utíb MoryrB Ať 
jimcB apaMH oón^ecTBOBHaro pasBHTia... OTpaBHTCB jih ^im-HHÓyAB 
BOXOÓHHirB BUCTaBKB — jsMo Ďy^y^aro- A 6e3% dToro, boho^bo, chb 
npo4A6T% 6e3csij^no h^ nosajyň, npH h£ib&dhhx% csy^BurB Bpeii6Bax'B 
npueiGB nojuuiTB o cpoAcrsaxi, noTpa^eaBUXB aa ea ycxpoficTBo h 

OpttBHT&IBCTBOHl, H OÓn^OCTBOMl. 

lyqflie 6U, SaM^TBT-B KaBOň-BHÓyXB OÓHBBTeJIB-dBOBOlCB, XeBBFH 

an ynoxpeÓHTB hb ycHiesie oiSn^aro m& HMnepin npoxoBOjKBCTBOBHaro 
H HTO cKasaxB? Bíab o6uBax&iB óyAOxi, nosajiyfi, ho co- 

BO npBKB... 

Xja, if9Arb BUCxaBBH eo^e HBiero ne BsaiHrB. Boxi, Hanp., sasoe 
mwiftitiiie opoHsaeJia hb yMHaro nejOB^Ba h npoHBi^axejiBHaro hb- 
(áiiíM^u, yse pasx i^HXHpoBaHHaro hbmh GaMydja JlaHra, johaohcbbb 
bhcxbbbb 1851 r. „BucxaBKa wh xpycxajiBHOiTB ABop]](i npo- 



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364 Bftoram XBPMiH^ 

MunueHHoon Bcbrb aai^ift óiua 6oji&niinrE oÓiiaHOíťE. On se noia- 
BEM Hnero nn npexMeroBi npOMHnueHHOCTH, RoropuicH niKjMui Hiupj 
Ai^fiCTBHTejiBHO DOjLsyeTOii) HO TOJUlo npexMeTH, KOTopami Hxien 
cpexerBE h Bsyes noASosaTLCJi hh^tosho Majax uponopipA, ha HasfiO' 
lie Bucmmvh h Óoraraxi iD^eft nesxy MHoraiu raxnoBan Hapo^a' '> 
'Ha ocyii(6CTBieHÍe TaEHx*fc i^^eft Tpanr^ca o^obhaho ne croua 
Ho Moserb 6htb e^e xyxinee. Ycnin BBcraBKH uomevh npsaecn n 
sasjíD^eBiD, wo oreqecTBeHHoe ÓJiarococroasie tbiobo, ito seian 
qero-HHÓyAb Jiynniaro, sia^Hrb sasBuiTE HeocHOBaTei&Hiifl nperBHsii, 
AyvaTB ofo yxoBjieTBop6HÍH KOTopím HO CTom Tpyxa... Taxoft rnaoxh 

TOXe BOBMOSeffb... 

H. BoroMoioB^ 



HOPPECnOHAEHUm H31> BIHU. 

Airjcn, 1882. 



AOMAIIIHIA ABOTrifiCBia XSIÁ.— JEbBOBCKlfi BPOIlEGOl. 

3a nocrtAHie vicaiui, sorjia BHBicaHie BceA Espoiui óíijio oonn 
Bcei^tio norjfon^eHO eranercKiufH x^ara, Bonpoeu aBcrpitesoĚ doh- 
THsa exBa jih Moryrb hmítb oco6eHHHi HHTepecB am pyccKnn vn- 
TeieĚ. JÍ,9Me bi rjasaxi caMHx^B aBCTpiĚ]](eBi dTH BoirpocH lasym 

^peSBU^aÍBO H6JIBHMH H HaiO BHTepeCHHHH, H Ha BpeMH KaB% 6U OTO- 

ABVHyjucB Ha saAHifi ujtkWh. Ho sa to dXH mícjiiuí 6hih ^pesBunhio 
6oraTH otaíibhíimh ((>asTaKH, ne hoch^hmh ooiHTHHeciaro xapaxrepft 
H ycniBOiHMH npHBie^B si 066*6 BHHiiaHie oón^ecraa. Ob híiotí^iíii 
H8% dTHxi 4>aKT0Kb, vh H8B%CTH0Ě CTenOHH zapaKTepHsyDHvniH sxio- 
HDD o6n^ecTBeHHyi> sHBHb, HOcrapaDCb oosHaaoirHTb UTaTOjH vb u- 
CTOAH^eirb nHCbHÍ. 

Hai HOi^aBHHxi cotfiirift, othochh^hxch si Btncsoft caaHxajbflot 
xpoHHBi, cpexH bíhckhxi 6iDprepoBi h aBcrpittcBHXb apHorosparon 
npoBSBejio oco6eHHUt nryHi Tparn^ecKoe caiioyóiĚeTBO juyxi hojoxbx^ 
<f)paHi^yseH0Bi, npoBcmeAHiee MftcHi][a xaa TOMy Hasaj^i, ho npoxoi- 
saDH^ee h ao CBxtb nopi BHTepecoaaTB bíhcboo o6n^ecTBO. Cahu 
BCTopÍH BecbMa HevHoroeiosBa h noBTopnerca hpbtohi ciiidioiíi 



^) S. Laing, Notes oa Denmark and thB Dachies. 1852. 



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XPOHISi.— KOPPIOnOHXIHQU H81 BVBB. 365 

^m, vtoéíi o H^cavoft ctohio pacnpocrpaiurbCJi, ho ona oÓBjíyen 
nxliiHinfi aiiHsoAaiui, HOCJimHiiH cneAH(|^necKH*a3CTpificKÍĚ xtpaBTepi 
I iof» HeHHejnfUMH vb KaKoft*jra6o ;(pyroft CTpaH'&. \ 

Bs Ha^ajij^ nponiJiaro roxa 18-th jAteusi asTpBca Mapiji JífiUBWh 

(ti leaTpaibHoe hma — JfjBLihMom) opiizaja uvh IlapHsa bi Btny, wo6h 

jempneBCTBOBaTicii bi bíbíb h aocTyiuiT& na onepsyD ci^eHy. Oxa- 

jmusL ipacoTOfi r TajaHTaKH, 6e88aČ0THaji, sasxyn^afl shshh napH- 

nm cpasy nonaja b% Bpyauui bIhcbhx^b hoioxiixi apHCTOBpaTOB:B, 

n A ipysu, soropue napasaniirB ospeerHjrB HenoiTHrejibHim 

BSBameiCB la haute gomme, ho Boropue xotfpoxyniHHft b^hcbíA 6i)prepi 

le 6681 6jaroroBÍHÍii HaBUBaon die hohen Cavalieren-Kreise. ^jui 

Xapíi J^aMdfli BaHajfCA óesnpepuBHiiĚ pni^b aeceiux^ npasAHHBOBi h 

iQpBecm; Ha sdrb HacJBHHHBiixi óaiaxi h MacBapaAax'^ osa bbu[- 

Bith vh coflpOBOSAeflii CBoeft noxpyni Ajhhs PeHBHiB, xoropaB h3i 

VnisaflEocTM Kb cBoeft Mjraxmefi eooTe^ecTBeBHHi^£ ornpaBHiacb cb 

Bd bbíctí Wh BtHy h pasA^iBia ea otfpasi shshh. Ona crajia no- 

lunbCB Vb cajOHaxi bíhcbhxi apBCTOBpaTOBfb, rx% vb Baiecrsi jno- 

finenesipi yucTBOBaja b% xoni^epTaxi h TearpajiLHiixi npeAcraaje- 

lún. Okojio dToro BpeMenH ona CTajui noHwanca tmmb hb ooa- 

»emrb oxHoro uaieHBBaro BincBaro xeaTpa, soTopEifi j^jib npHJHiia 

Bis&BaeTeB |,TeaTpaji&H0i niBOJioft", ho vb cyn^nocTH HM^ten cne- 

^miMi HasHa^eHíeiTB noeraBsy co^epsaHosi am „bucobhx'b Kana- 

^poBi'. C% jerBOHUciieiTB h 6e83a6oTHocTBi) MDpsepoBCsoft Musette, 

1^ ffiMWb OByHyjEacb vb ary shbhb, nojsyi) BHtoHJiro (iiecBa h 

}IDiai&eTBiA, HO jHineHHyK) coxepsaHífl. ByxB ohb oÓEiBHOBeHHoft na- 

BBTpHCofi 6631 6ojn»nioro TaiaHra, ohb 6h noniJiá no Topnoft 

tffoňi HO x&iBHi&maa cyAB6a ea h ocTaBieHHHH od HHCBMa xo- 

MsuMyrbj ^To npn BceĚ e< 66d8a6oTHocTH, npn Bceft jik>6bh %% 

H ójiecsy, en HBxypa ne yxoBjerBopnjiacB oxhoě tojilbo mh- 

9flA OÓCTBHOBBH, Bl BOTOpoft OHB Bpan^BjaCB, H CTaBHJia SH8HH 

faia eepBésHua Tpe6oBaHÍH. 
Bi jDOMBHyTofi „TeaTpaJBHOĚ niBOj'&", ona oosHaBOHHjacB cb omt 
BSi habitués 9Toro pascaxHHBa HCByccTBa, 23-jí'í^thhh'b rpa^^OMi 

M%, OTnpHCKOM'B OjIHOfi H81 SHaTH^fiHIHXl H ÓOraT^ĚHIHXl 

leBBxi 4>ftMHjii&. MojioxHe jiDAH nojiDÓHjH xpyn j^pyra h co- 

hícbojbbo wkeaufiBb npoAOJiJBaJíocB hx-b ÓJiasenCTBO. Mapin 

Vb xd(Sobb rpa(|^ h caua ji)6Hjia ero HCRpenno h óessopucrHO 

^^ÉMpa Ba orpaHH^eHHiu cpe^CTBa, KoropuMH ona pacnojaraia^ 

sa iTO HO corjiaiHajacB nojiBdOBaTBca MaTepiaJiBHofi noueps- 

K Aase OTBasuBajiacB ópaxB otb nero i^tHHue noAapBH, — 

HecoxHiHHO pixBi&, DpHHHHaH BO BHBMaHíe OH lersoMuejrie H 

cpeiW, Vb BOTOpoft OHB Bpan^ajacB). Aajeso ho Tasí cepiésna 



i". , . Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



366 Bwrim sbfouh. 

ůujOL jDÓOBb MOJioxoro rpa4»a ki neft, xotjbt h ntihM yrnep^sTB no- 
^osHTejbHo, HTO ^BCTBO ero 6hjo BOBCKpeHBe. CíoBpeMeHHafl jennesse 
dorée m, AecrpiH Tan ESMeJb^nua h BupoxHiacb, tto npoflBjeme 
sEKoro 6u TO HB 6iuo CBjíBBaro cepbéSBaro ^yscTBa do^tb aeini- 
cjnivo B% dTOft q)ex£, rxi cepbéSBinrB sasjíTíeMi, dfhM>Mh c^bt8dtcx 
csa^RB B 6irá, a Bce ocTajifcBoe 8a6aBoft. OqeaB HOsem 6utb, ^rro 
rpa(|^ jiDÓBJ^b jT^Bymy nacrojíbRO cbjbho, HacKOAKO nosBOjaia 9to 
ero Mejsafl xyinonsa. „Besi^BBafl Moa, — ^minierb obi eft bi nepiojTB 
MCAOBoro Mieaqa bx^ jid<(bb, — tboo abclmo Mea^ o^che ocHacrjraBiuo; 

H BBSy, taR% CBJUBO TU MOBA JTDÓBBIB, B T. A- Mh fl6 X0BB6VB BH* 

jíítbch Wh HasHa^eHaiift a^bb, noTOMy ^to xova cjiy^BaocB Bec^acTBe: 
y Boeft jinÓBxofi joma^B pacrjiseBie BOJť&BBoft cbíiskbI* — Hepesi vt- 
csojiBBO H'6cai^eBrB JíjBLUdWb no«iyBCTBOBajia ce6si HaTepBD, b bto aacn- 
bbjio BJK)6jreflHHx*B npBsaxyMaTBca o óy^ynieirL. Mojioxoft gommeux 
CTajii yse ozaaA'i^BaTB ki Mapifl b, BcnyraBmBeB nocJiixcTBift cBoero 
yBjre^eBiir, aa^aji BsóiraTB ea; bo no vajoxyBiii) b TpycocTB ne pi- 
majcB q)ady nopaaTB ci aeft b npoxojisaji nBCBveBBO ya^psTB ee n 
CBoefi md6bb b b% CBoeft pfiniBifocTB ofiiaBBTB Bce poabtojbmi b se- 
BBTBCA Ba Beft. Rorxa se OBa BOSBpaTBiacB ci peÓesKOMi V9h Hrajii, 
MOJioxoft Cavalier csptMca vh poAOBofi sávoRi OrreBcreftMi^ 6jni3% JIiBQa, 
vjsfb npBttirflyjii b'b nospoBBTeJBCTBy cBoero OTi^a; b bcí crapanii 

JI^aMBfl^B BBA^TB OFO B FOBOpBTB CB BBlfB OCTaBaJIBCB TIUeiBU, BBCBia 

ea ocTaBBXBCB 6em OTB^Ta. Oaa yse se j^o^BeajiacB, hto6h rpa^ 
aarjiaxBJíi cbod onniÓKy seBBTBÓoft Ba Beft; oaa xor&ia tojbso sacra- 

BBTB ero DpBBBBTB CBOBM'B peÓeBBB, nepeA'B KOTOpHMnb OBa c^BTajn 

cetfa BBBOBBoft. TopeiB sa xapoiTB norpa^esByi) jidÓobb, ctíotb 3a 
HexocTo&Boe noBe^OBie jnÓBiiaro ^eioa-bsa, ctujtb nepexi cbítovb i 
CBOBMB poABHXB, coBBaflie CBoeft B^qBoft B BeBcaynBMoft BBBH nepen 
coÓCTBeBHUMi pe6eBK0]rB osoBnaTejiBBO npBBOjni ee wb or^iajiBie; vh 
nóJiOBBBl WI& OBa OTopaBBjBCB Bi JIbbi^, b Vh Teqeaie Tpexi AseS 
Bce BHSBAaia cjiy^aa noBBxaTBca cb MOJioxiiirL rpa({K)irB Ey^earoBon; 
BO cTapufi rpa^nb cjBrnsoiTB xopomo ofieperais cBoero cHflBa, b sam- 
Aufi AOBB OBa CB OTHBJíBieirB BQBBpan^ajiacB vh ce6%, bo xo6BBnnia 
qtjiB. HaKOBei^, qama en CTpaxaBíft nepenoJiflBJíacB, b bb 4-ft Aem 
no^BD ona aacrpijiBjíacB vh OTreBcreftvcROMi napmi, nepejcB caimn 
ABopi^OMi rpa4)a. Hbi ocraBJíeBBaro ei) saBin^iBia bbxbo, ^to OBapi* 
mBjacB Ba caMoyÓiftCTBO (tb nftahM) oópaTBTB ofin^ecTBeflBoe BBBmsk 
Ha nocrynoBi rpa4>a Kyj^OBroBa b sacraBATB ero BpBssaTB x>e6eHK 
CBOBITB. „H Be BBsy B08M0SB0CTB xaTB MOOMy peÓeBsy Bva BBB^e 

EBKl nOSepTBOBaBX CBOeft SB8BBD, B a 06 OTXai) TtlTB OXOTH^to, ^Tt 

OBa craja 6peveBeirB am xeBa".— HpesBinaftBO CTpasBOft a ms> cbh 
nop'B BeBHBCBeaaoft BB^aerc^ jra^iaocTB noxpyrfl Mapia ^avBBii, Ajbhi 



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P6HBU&, lOTopaa eoopoBosxua ee bcdxt, Bcerxa ytimaja, HacBOJíLRo 
lOfia, HBMieirfi ci neft 8acTp'biHjiaeB. Oahh rOBopan^ tto AiHHa PeH- 
HA 6H2a v& CBJiSH cib rpa^iTB EyieHTOBOifB ABa roxa' Tony Ha8aA'B 
I mse 6iijia ópomena vwh; no mhí^híi) xpynni, ona crpaAajra hoo- 
xoixpieft H j6ÍMMm cbod noApyry aacrp^Hncír, —ho bco bto oahh 
ipeinHuoseHia. 

TaiOBft 4^a6yja rroft ipycTBOft HcropiHf noxoÓHua soropoft ai co- 
buíhíi) eiy^anrca enniKom ^acro, h ny6xsaA yse rawb iipsTep- 
liae&y ^0 iiponycaaDTCfl ei) Óesrb BEHMaHin. Ho b% BacToan^eBTB 
ejT«A HBTepeeb (im Boa6ysjieH%, Bo^nepaHVB, poMairrH^HoeTbV) oóera- 
lom, H, BO^BTopHxrb, BiixaDfl^Hiica nojoseflieirb 8aMÍiiaHiiHX'E bi Heft 
w^ H8& BHVMamx wh docjiíahiiii BiHcsia raseru irepsoe apeMA 
Hcan ofo 9Toa% coĎmiB xOBOJbHo ocroposHO, ne HasuBaa HMeHi, 
lina Ha aasxoii^ máry oroBopaH h t. n., ho CTpaerB itb HHBaHTBH]r& 
wmcnvh H KOflsyppeHKMí Mexjiy orxiJBHinni raaeraini qepeai BecBxa 
B^noro ABcA sarjiymHJH nepBOHa^ajBHyn xoJiHBaTBoerB, h Affaire 
Otteoslitím GA^aioGB riaBaoS Tevoft pasroBopovB b:b o<!n^ecTB'b. Ta- 
leni crajH noauaTB penopTopoBi na mIcto cavoy6iftCTBa, — h bcí 
muM »Toro x^a, xeiajiH spa&He HeapacEBUH, BHHjniiH Hapymy vb 
ieyjiPBaiBCTBii) «der hohen CaYalieren*Kreise". BuacHHJiocB, HanpHMipi, 
m BB vrowh j^ixb opHHajia y^acrie bíecule nojHqiji. Korxa 
ffmrb Hpiixajia b% Btiy co cbohicb petfeHKoirB, ee npHSBajiH vb 
JiojDQieteByi) aoHTopy, vaí soMHHcaprB bi aecLMa 0CB0p6HTejBHiix'B 
NipiseHMxi np^AJiosHJíi eft noxancaTB (yvary^ vb aoTopofi 6h ona 
jfl^CTOBÍpMa, ^TO rpa4KB Ky^enroBi ho cctb otoi^ ea peÓeHKa; wb 
B08iBrpasAeBie sa bto owb ei npoxicaraji^ 4,000 ryiBAOHOBi. IIojiyHHBib 
lefojiyDnvft OTBasi, KovifHcapT> xajii eň noaaTB, ito ecjie ona CTanen 
IBpaiiHTBCJiy ee MOiymz eucAamh U3^ Aeempiu aa óempaecmeennoe no- 
vedeme. ?epe8'B h^ckojbeo AHefi ona noiy^H^a noBicray aBHTBca b:b 
lomteftciyK) ARpeai^iD vb coBtTHHay JlaHAnrreftHepy, TOHy cavoiiy 
XumsTefinepy aoTopufl {^HrypapoBaji b% aa^ecTBi oĎBHHaeiiaro vb 
o|oxece£ no x^jy o nosapi PaHPB-TeaTpa a npioÓptjrB hbbícthoctb 
wtík 8Ha]feBHT0& 4>padoft: „AUes ist geretteť". Ohi bi híckojibbo 
<Soiie npHJiBHHofi ^pifi noBTopHJii npexjoaeHie AeÓJHHrcKaro bom- 
VBCflpa. Hec^CTHaa Uapia flfiMdEi, o6paTHjacB kb san^HTi oxHoro 
BOJUXOFO axBoaaTa BeprpDHcpa, xoTopuft noTpeóoaajii otb JlaHxníTeft- 
vpa oáiacHeHia ocHOBanift, no Boropuvi noíHi^e&CBaa BjacTB c^iHTaerB 
^UHHi BMimaTBca BiqacTHOe míjo. IIocjitABift CTpycHji'B H, pascH- 
WCB Wb jDtíeaHocTBXi) oObacEBjTb^ HTO offB BMi^majca vb bto aíio 
u n JU^ecTB^ HHHOBHHRa, HO BaB'B qacTHuft ^ojiobíki h xpyn ce* 
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9 aaTiícB aepeBeBeBH mpe^B xai aex^^ vb Biay. UqcjA 

Tmk Y^— Cbbtjibfb^ 1862. 24 

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370 MGtfliK&umiiH. 

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B% i^OMi pjixi MOmeHHH^eCBHU npox^cMBQb. 

Toij^MaHB BUxaercA wb iiaccH cbohzb co6paTOBB sihphhod pas- 



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XFOHHKi.— BOmWHOIXSHiaiI 181 B«HH. 371 

itxa H raiaiBicoeT&i) BHsojiBefliii cbohzi nojy-soxvqyiecEazi, nojy* 
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373 BMmKb BBPOIDL 

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Bi^ecraa, en^e ae npaBajueacan^aro sauaxnBBDnteMy? Bce 9T0 asvbcrso 



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XPOHHKi.— mPFímOHXlIiaX H81 B^HH. 873 

BencoMy, vro tojubo wíAjh ciyiUt notUBOifn&n es (apsesHiii 
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374 uenMKhWřom. 

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pyooun, 0B% EpoAcraMnerb MBrepecft, bo-iwpbííis, Berticnie nje- 
jiOBHoro c^ACTM n ^ASHofi ereneHH oib •ódbui ctopoHavH saiUoBaib- 
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BOJUiTHveesiA outfra ctapofi Aaorpii. 

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.HH» B% coBpeveBBoĚ nouTHHeoKoií 4BHan erpaHUCiapoe ovsHaiaee 
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fliuni, MOsen cjywin lymucL MMaafeiMrBom copaMjuaBOcrH 
caasaEiiaro. 

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xpoiDi.~iaiiioi(»WBa(ii m mih. 875 

Beeua vuo erqM»niioK cpewi jnw*i n pasHoe ipeMJi jnpaii- 
ejwHtúĚM ÁMvpii. BanamcTBO aron jDxeft muoFAa ee 
yiiM eran BBoe «96nrt MUBBícMMBciot roeyxapcTMBHoA vyxpo- 
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BiyfpeHMt DonntH tfnf(A Aier|ito sauDvajw n ^dítide et 
ispem^, t.-e. n Mc tp i t CKWi MpeMA^: „yaunoi spasMy Mesjty 
OTvkiBHim sapexBocmn, conjuA pMjioiKb idyccraesHo, rxi ero 
iin« xepn oxsy Hi^xioen n eipazi m MMniOBMtf syreirb na- 
TpaKonanriii la bm xpyi^« ipasxe6H0ft ■apogcsoera,— h atieuDrasm 
iptmeancma o6e8Bwai%*. Tane rocyxapepeHme jdxh, mropae 
jefKOLORb ůn Vh ^tJMeoo<^W8iocf H casot t|iopHyra, BerpinaDrea bi 

T«sni% otfpasom Múnmna crapot Aseipia eocrooia nn paxa 
■ocrtxoMvauBuxs Boaimift nfaBmjfccm m oxinoi lapoxHOOfHiiH 
xn (•pbte «b oeraiunnB, npnem cavo ootino pasyiritorca, npa- 
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Ba MvoiMM OHO OBipaioeb B% ifMOTJ xaraoBĚ neiMOXi^ xaaaji hv& 
tI mxM xpyrU upnsjjerii h npemyB^ecna, BOTopam ocrajmifl 
H6 nojnaonaiBCB. Ho noxi EjduHieifL jih bhšiiihhxi coónnl mmm Bsyr- 
FWBAB nepryféaqift, onoBomix nojBPraieeBm cmn wh roeyxapcTBi 
BnisuBC&, a erapafl xoanxU eraioBHJacB HeBoraossoft: Torxa npa- 
nmocfM eotwon mo&jn sMimamno, B^epamme coneimiKH craio- 
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lararrasBm ■poxojunen MByeoTBenBO noxxtpsBBtnea h ycun* 
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BnuNOoyn yso ee npcunda upoxioen b jumocTs, Hoxpyrk, opo- 
IBS M w upiUL ' ji ei|e van Hexaaeo bmbcb eaifa« osecTOHeesafl 6opb6a. 

TaaiM 6Bja BHyrpeHHJu nojania crapoft xoHCOHCTHryipoBBOt 
ABCfplB. npsMpm B0 tfc t Myn iMajiH8i» B« caifoi eyKBOcra caoeft ne 
eorjacoBOT&u et Tasot CBOveioft; BOWOMy crapaB 4)opiiyia 
ŮBM&j Donao sejuiHiJi 0Tj|%jMnii% jnari>, ycrynn iriícTO ro- 
BOÉ. Ho rtai ve Mvfo entpHa Tpaxa^tar BooLiia lacTo oiasiiBaDTeji 
cu&vto Bornv, a npaBSfeACTBO ABetpiH Boe e^e Hflorxa npHxepsB- 
Bieiea empau* Caiio ooéos ftJBjmimcMy ito Taaafl nojunaa npaaH- 
wocraa MBBiiBaerB vpeoBHialHo ni6eii&floe bjdjíhw sa otx^^bhb Ba- 
powoeiB AaevpiB. PanaBaa b% oxBot Bapog^Btera Bpaaíxy vh xpyrot, 
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876 

4ÍJoe; B% rtioTopux% <MqM«Hax% crajoi paaunamcji mtanp^áimMm 
crpeifjMix. Bojte cbiuííc h caHOCtaireibíMA HapMBoen, nouiyxoE 
nepióxom eioero coDsa oii g p— ap ej fccarBoii^ etapaue^ yspoiiBaK 
Ba co6aK> najyqemnui jvtjwM h HpsiuuutrHi mm vopo, noóu aa 
coBcftm ocaofioxiTMsa on npaanéJMnaawft omn (iaB&, Haop^ 
MaxBapuX ui iipto<p'icTH 6oAa uh Msie optHnoe aBtosonM no- 
jroaseme (lan nouBa> sapsaTU h j^.)* Meote «a rmurnĚW lapaji- 
■ocTH HiB Maflia canaeTaambma OBaaHaMiCb aettPjia bk oauaii: 
dTBOCHTejuo Kx% npaBKBaaorao^a onmo aysMnra i^apaiioBinca; 
xaBaeiniia ůí^kasjmM (MoBiieD laeni) ocraMnob o<ífcQ|aiiai», 
TavcBÍa ycTjsKB m apnujnriii, nai uaxjnaimmM on 
HM^H C0jy, noBa spaBareifccno m mecB vyaxajocB, a TonaoB om- 
MajacLy sanb Tojnio Bajiafinoerb » inn luuoBaja. Bpasxa imaiy co- 
eftxHKifH HapoiiBoaram bco tiodrito pooia a yolMaaJae^ paBBHpaa n 
yTHeraDmeft HapoxBoen apatHia ^aB^pajanscBúi iwuMipa, [ctpeue- 
Hie BHsaTB nM% můmbq fioiuia oajniaH aai caoero apwauo-aHrM- 
Haro Dojoseekf, Kpatu>D ■eua»<aTajiBH00i^ a b% yrBereBaBsi^ 
spasiy vh yrHOfaTCiJun a aeaaaie hhoí BHteaall onopH caoaft tMr 

IpOaajBBOCTB. 

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wph. Korxa aicoivraeTOvdl ÁBerpía aysao 6uo 6tpaiMa b» Bea- 
rpia tb vaiupaaB, a bi rajaqiB » oojaaaaa, npaasmiMiao n^ipaB* 
aaaajo na aaxs pyeaaoai a edOBaaovE. 3to noaftpajoeB nepioir 
^ecKB vb Tmeaie bcc* aepwft nojoaaau avoro CNJcbivi. OQi6eBB0 
xvoro maHeorE aiiaajio aa jiojd pytaaoaa bib xo-paaoiDQÍOBBiit oa- 
pioxi, KOFjia aeaxy aÓeejrvTaBaoa^ apaBaveiboraa e& oxaotciapooi, 
a xNOBonaiB a aajtbApeaaaa navpiovaiai ci xpyrat^ — naa ■aapapor 
aaa rxyxaa 6opstfa. Bo apeaa paBoaDipa, apaBafeiaetao eaneaaTi- 
^eeaa aarpujamuio pycaacaai^a e«>iaiaax& apoevuai aaaoaciaB- 
mMX% BearapqevB, npaaeai Tpaaair npoaoKOxaja aa toiuto vh qímbt 
«tH laTaparypií, ao apoaBiaaacb a n aaxft eaaaio rpyéaro aacaái. 
Břh Haeiioaiitee Bpaaa ao Tpyxao aorpitan um^ aaropua aoHBm, 
BOKE Wh 1848 roxy aacrpileaíé laaoaaaaa amumta ao^arfl exo- 
aainuax apaes^aas a nocujaia axi rpaóan a men aayamsrao a^ 
atcTBBn aaxBapaax*a narrpmroB^ Cava pyeaw Msa xapoBO aoa- 
aan^ nun aaeipífteKaa apaBaTonarao yxaanaaxo sa aaxa, bu% aai 
c^arajiaa oaopoi apacroia a cnaeatexaaa ÁBeipia, aaa% aaaxaiBn 
apanmiE jumaps a aoiaaoaft aarpaauiua laaaaa a apxaaaaia aaomo 
Ba ax% apaamcy wh 8ria% xaya* aaipaaaxunicvaMS. rwaiii atftf- 
aamiit vl JiBoaeBOM» apiH^Bceft, iHMJ^n |io6paaaaii, arpan v% 1848 
roxy BHxanaiyBea pon b% aa^ieeTBi aaarpitcaaro aoeaaaro Boaaa- 
capa apa rniaot aaaprqrik pyceaan aaieaa, apaanxmz^ vh Beff* 



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ZPOHEKi.— lOj^Miomnmi 18^ Bwa. 377 

rpte MM yonpeHkr pesenncis. Bi lo speva pyeeo^^u&erBo enraiocb 
n Aieffpis njTb jm me wpmwamomb BMpionsifa, ■ Ao^pjiBCBOiiy 
iNBMim teio espmiTb cBoet HpnepsMHocrE wh Poeem m Hesa- 
Bun n BMBapan, ocoieiso bo ipeiu ape6iiiBaflki pyceuztB Boftcn 
n Bearpíx. Qocjft 1846 vogia ero nu cxijiaifK)^ MsaBHeTBiiir& xja 
nxMps; ero €CO<tHHO oeiauMn aa ero eypeioe e xase, lavb yo^- 
pon, tenejKwt^noe oÍpanie«e tsh mmupnu, BtaruiiE m njftfli 
PTOcnm BoAcsaEs i» ■poag BaoBryjuin opB BEjaaroet. Ho <rB 
nm sjribBÍE TOiwmnx% moywpcTBemanci iMei Tatoro beobeo 
mmima irpetioBajni BHTqpeeH sxDepiE* AoípwiCBift 6im oxEospe- 
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CaEOe lÁBTOpEiíOCB HibCEOdOUCO pE8% SE EEplOJH BptMeHS 1848—67 FO- 

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nXBflpeBBn EIE OOJBCEEXb aSTOBOBECtOBl^ OHO ECBaiO B BaiCOftEJO 

eoKiHBBOB& vh BBWBpcxmch m raifli^KEEx pyoiEaxi. Ho TenepB npeamie 
CBoeoiii tmja BeyxaÓBS e npaiBTeiBCNO EpBÓirio z% (Sojrbe yroE^eE- 
Hol, flo se Eeste paaflpaii^aDBieft TasTBaft: pycssaBi crajifl nospoBB* 
itncTBOBMia fla cjjsDift, xasaiE ehtoxeiui wbcra b sarpa^Ut noxerpe* 
UMM bx% npoTEB!B oojtEBOVB. CrBEjT&vejib KjelfapxMEqi, ojonrb mn co* 
piiwerepaBi» JEBOBCioft rasera .Cjroea'', rjasearo óprana erapo^ycEH- 
ciol naptíEi ooBBBHBaers Ea eyxft, no n vaiajA 1860-»r& tom,wí, 
i9tmBaiĚ BaiftovBBB^ Fani^ rp. MeEcxop^*nyjUB ewejce wh sevy 
n fdMjuaú^ B EpeiMosBUb esy yeBJORa BOjeHny npoTBB^ eoibeobi. 
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itta" (4iD Hmn Polen eínheisen), BiipaBEiea ofo 9n>B% HMAoTBEiib. 
Aflajorawcfiie ^M^bsb teJB paMBBBaaff bb cy^^b e ipyrBini covpyx- 
maBE pycEEeBfli% ranri, b sto céjnoBrnie EpaBETeiMroa e^ pycs- 

UEE BOBtOfBliCB BB BOBGfnryaiOEBIIĚ flepíOM ECTOpte ÁBOrpÍE BCE^ 

itt-paBi^ Mi^a OHO Baa&ajo 0opB6y sa atfeojnDvEBWb BjiacTE npo- 
nm mMhtwmeb wm HBAiEpcByn aBreEonevoBrB. Eiaroxapii aroBy 
odCToarejiMTBy y bobhibove pyoflflCBOft BapoxBOcvE BnipaiSoTaxocB y6te*- 
leaíe, htc afleMM^aa BnerB aBeTptftcBaro opaBETexECf aa Beo6nie odes^ 
BNEBaen bi% eaBocfemejuceTb, vh to BpeBE, saBi oejatfjeeie etoft 
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•CyamomMKs BOBavBABee coíq^eiiMEoe nojromeflie pycEBoas. riffl 
IMS F.«*«*-MB0pan 0E%^-*eBjiEMUi seeiiNiBBneBBaE ancrB apasETen- 
ena Boeigia beoteb b yBiia ůath ojpniMOBe espaBexuBOft bo BcfarB 
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rit tBiBna» omAx^^ GopOBft BoebBoft, 61-t E07-t roxH, orpasEnai 
MBia BpttBTCJnovBa> ooaxajm BBBeraTyitioBBaE ^Ifopmu EpaBJWBur, 
v^*t. BpBBMBiuono ((OEBflniHeTBa, BOTopoe xepBUiTca ŤOAiBo to6jmne- 



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878 WĚmashWMm. 

HiewE Hwrepeeou tfoAimnievBa h HpHBeeeHieii& wm% bs sepnycaian 
HteyiQHHxrB HBTepeoKn ifemanflctn. Ho n Abcti^e Bonmeeiis 
OamsHHerBa — at« Óoiibe cm»raa bjis <(ojríte opramnoBasHiu Hipot- 
BOCTH, a BeHUDHiievM — MMte ncj6HMtta ■ Meale auuaa. E% neiy 
iiocjftxnnE!&, BHxaHBHTb eo CBAaHflBME pyKaiiH Ha b^ismuk 6ojrt6 1 
q^noím uporaBenDosB, npsBauesnnb m vb^ pjanni''. ^aame- 
caaA CTopoHa 9two saaftiaHM eonepmmmm eopaiemBa: iwxa nMrt 
1867-ro roxa 6apB6a npaiaTeiBCtBa a ■axa^p^mi h —BagaMii (gtiia- 
laeB Hemojínot, pycHHB émra xitcTBitejMd nuann rojonoĚ eaoin 
npoTHBHHiaMi. Ho unofBaTii n 9tom% se Homu BO HCi'Hryný»nm 
T^pes^eBifl, a crapaa sojHrena, lonopoft BpaBBi^AefBO mm ean^ ipt- 
xojsaen xepsanea vb mMMÍesmsn% Bonpocaxs. 

Bi Hacroan^ee apaHa MBorortTBaa 6opb6a Mexxy npaameacnMa 
H aBTOBomcraMH KoawjiacB b» aoasy noertxaaKB- Max&apH oon- 
ajDTca vh BearpiH MmjmhMmA caHOCvoarcaBsaem) n Bonnno 
mpoBHxi pasHipax*^ aoiasa b% IkimiiH xocTHTJa oouh nonoi 
aBfOHOMiH. Aacrpitosoa upaBaraiLcno sutan Bee&sa Majo BjiaHu 
na BHyTpeHHoe ynpaBjeHie Tais^iefi, a nojasa pacnopasaanea nai 
noHTH 6e8B08TpaiuN>. Ho HMeiBO Teaepb h crtxoBaio 6m apaBatea- 
CTBy ysorpeÓiTi eaoa ajujone aa BByrpesma x&ui Taimui jua orpes- 
xeaia nojiarviecBOl paBHOopaaHOcn xpyroft raianioi HapoxBOcra, — 
py€flHOB%. QojuBB, saouaiiaa wi% napjaMeari ii|UDB^a« aBnaoioB or- 
xi^bHiicB áBeq^iieaaxi^ Hafoxaacvet, y ce(ia AOMa yraevaxmb aeafte 
CHjEuyDpycBaeRyD BapoAMen se neaBare^ itob caifH 6ííjhi npeaxe 
yrHoraeifii aČeoiDrscTCBan npaBa9!eiM»Baiii&, nojn»ayaeB apa assmn 
Td^MH se epoACTBaiiH UTOŘmB aprymeaffaiqai^ xaaia aycaa^vea aa xw> 
aBcrpo-H^iMQBBiiB awrpawmiia. JI^Bjenie apoaeiiaBn (k^mpean- 
CTBeaflo Ha Bcftxi^ oonpaaMixi noMarvieenot a xyxoBaot awBaa aapop. 
2VsMHMioaaraiamax'fcpywHeB%aHi»riiBeera aa aee 3 apcmanuaRe- 
jieft wb naiari xeaytaToa^; n xftcT9oecai% e» cnaoniHiiii^ pycaBcaaai^ 
HaceieBiem pyeaaeaift (louopyoeaii) asiias apoaoAaerea Mumh nu- 
paiHusft auoaari. B% JIbbobí xo wx^b Bopb aln BBaui, rjii (to 
MUK% BpeaMaaaHia 6um% tmuko pycHBcaift, a mmxí tími aiicauui c;»e^ i 
Haa aHCTaBiúji, aiia^^ft cfxfh eaie i^oaa aoiTopa xovy Haeraaoaayab 
ptoeaie, b» aovopon y f peóoaaaie pyca^a ocHoaaaia MWKMfb maon 
6iuo Bpaiaaae boojjií corj»Mii» ei^ ocaaaniiaa rocyjiapcvaeaaiiaa 
saaoBaiia. B% ^f,nf> a ajmanaerpaipi pyoaaii h n% mmn fwe 
oaasHBaaHOb o^AidiMaiaiJi. KasyiHft wm apaaamiiiOaBa, ae aa^jUHitt 
Bpaao H HcaaDaBTeirao a% aOiifcBl boubob^ a TÍaĚ% (i%ite <n#-#a6o 
aecoíPiacHoe o^b aai^OBaiiwiiwb canoanÓiainK — 6j» to^ aaiVw^ apocrae 
saicijEame uHoannaa BMaaa Bimea& hjh pycBHoan^, — pascinfq^- 
aaerca rooaoxcTByiHiiaft aapdeft exBa m ae aan eaaToraiWfio. Ilanr 



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xpomi. — i ař iwiKHWu mff >8^ b^hu. 879 

ífMk n cípaBÍb esonrb nojvrneeniift nepwicoirB, HM«n efapaDvea 
I n xijnn qq^iMBins x«t& nepeiftes MTOJoratcioi icepm bl 
rui^iiL YntreBU ^epMB&^ kb lovopoft npHBaxjreBm orpoaHoe 
óojumevBO runnua;*B pycEBOis^ se nbe9% wy Pmft etoero npex- 
criMiexs, H ■vrepeeH m, bahí HewioHHaro x^nn^a, opíMCATCJi itb 
1911J oMmwcKun BBvepeeta% aasoiunnrb xteeft MtonnecBOt 
](6pii«-iiojunn* OroDxa lee 6ojrte Bospaercsa^ee xamasie iesynoBi, 
itanix MTpmi ^g, Bftmie xosoeH vb VmA na pTeHKnxi CBan^esHi- 
Mi m-sa niMoft BecotfiDxeHHtt 4M)pxajuiocTH, sjs jnotfH hobo- 
noxemi »& fdaTanns 6onici7BeHk[rs. B( cbod oiepexB rajniqúe 
íeifaHi, ]ipn^BMuic& vacni eaitfoHajbsiixi 6iaroxfttejrot ■ CDacHTe- 
id, HpeejftxyBTi cioh ^kto opxeacKix i^m; tais, n aexaaMe 
ipen on oeaoaajn wb rajnpv opxraa, MrepBie eraaarb ce6i i^íjiiD 
onpBTÍe VBOjn „XAf Bocnaraaui pycEHcmp DBomaeria as b^^»ooth 
ipecmiy m n yaaseuM 1% aatojnneesot panna*. f,MM oroft i^h 
« loiynjai xaan, m& bbxw a» ornaBaril pftn pyenecaro x^ 
lyrm Efjnqsaacaaro, 10,000 ryAxeaovB efÓCBxiH wh rajnuiaro 
celn, ae aiovpa aa to, hio 4k>bxii crpaaH xaieso aa n (UeerjiiQeici 



Bopitfft Bapoiaocrei xo Tora a<(oeTpBJiaeB, qvo aeasaa ycrynaa, 
Bcnu oainnna Kb pasTaBony conaonaíD cvraevca xasxoa sn 
cmptaft aaaiMa) aBaMoi. Crom toibio apacjijiiurF&cjf s& Tímy, 
v6 naapavm xpjn o xpyrb xaasa jyqmie npaxnaaavejni xamxoft m% 
9tm HaiioHajMocTet, 1106a ne&o fBaxikn nBOsiioaraocTB aampo- 
ma^ aa iqiaftart iiipdk vi tfjmsaoMi 6yx7iitaHi. Baoiiefi eerecraaaHd, 
m PTfaneaaa Bapria, ae aaxa tinroapianaro aciaxa an aroft ae- 
ptBB9l tiopalÍB, m aaioxa saiipni a DO^K^ÉneibCMa vh aaerpit- 
CMBi apaaBvenctaft h aorepaaik aaxeaexy aaporan otapne xo-soh- 
nnyvuaHua BQpaxaa, aa^ar^ xpjaai avb Aacrpía a aoajaraen 
nwxB n erpany, mmůojAe 6n8Byi> h»b ao maseaBaiiy pexcrsy, 
BD «Bay ■ no ayjBTypft. TBvyi> erpaay obb aaxan ai Poccia a 
mttBBTE xP T ^ ft oaa xyMaiyrb ■afiTaBfLpyecvnn uaajiaa^taaarL' — 
Bmií 1861 HMia, crapo^vycsacaaji oapriA aja, aai& ee aassiBaDn, 
>V"a ea. raopria, evaia acetfeaao aaepniiacaa dpavaifaea n eóaa- 
ania o& pf^eama ciaaavH^aaH a ea caaaaacBBsa tfjmroTBopa- 
i^naiai rwwianaa Oóiaawirie bto npoae»)xaio opaavyiuecTBeBHo 
■iBQBiK^& MMftepnjfm a sypaajroefaav, » vaasa aa novat peia- 
mmL noxeyxaaaA r. Hayanwam aimbí avapoaeam npmaaen, 
^ ipoBaiaa»a apaBoajiaBia a apnmca yaUTetaa aaiacb aM« a xPT- 
iMi pycaaaHH ck awieiMaaat i^na> aaayran paveayv aypfD 
> twaBojcM a i Boaanii jtaraanapoaaHiD spaa iesyaraifa a paeyppeaoioaR- 
Ha aoBpanii jnrepavypH cTapo*pycaav ctapavrea napep ag oTatb 



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gso 

Hapoj^Hiifi vuopycciia amwh n nwĚ% (kufte ckokvhI » Bemopyc- 
cum (T.-e. Bftpaie, xi^aon m Toro m xpyroro jpoxxtiTD D(h 
Mieb) ■ ynaioiuiTB pjcraeuxi uraiejet cb pfoesot jumparf 
pot Boo6iiie H eB HdMHoro^icieBHHHiifl npoHSBexMÍJuai cjubibo^iu- 
amn aBTOpon— n oco6eaaocrE. 3aiiÍTaM% npa »to», qro iosau 
cnpo-pyMBOBi, MEi jiDXH »6iiBajUid H oiniTHiie*', le satBian eeía 
H yviJH BsaiesaTB mn CBom eaoamrift €% cjaMso^Mutn mfi ■ 
nopflxouyi) xoJUD MaTeptaiuoi raroxii jlmb et6a jrviio: m yxMi- 
jiocb noiymen asi Poeda Baaii-ro noco^ia h craieiwHt npicrpiť 
BaTL aítbí CBOHi i% py€cuz!b yieÓBUx^ BtBaxiMUXi, Bpio6ptetn 
DOAuenBon XJa cbobz^ řasen h mypiaMK h noyqrwn xommiifi 
Ha óesneBsypByi) BHctUBy n Poecii) 8tbb% raaen b sypujra^ nojj^ 
qaTB raaeTHiiB b boo^b^ iBreparypBUB paÓOTH b t. ju ^^ moBOWi a<| 
nojBTB^ecBBxib Buroxi, Baiia obb hwmbbxb wm araxib oauet, too(H 
9T0BI nosa BBBOBy BB«iero BeasBierBO, ecn bo apinaaTb Bipu pasBHid 
eeHcaipoBBiiBi cjyxaMi BOJUCBBnfeaan. Haaporasb, se Btampan 
npBBBasaMi bob»o xasse bbbjdutb, ^rao n 9Tom of bobmhíb obbti 
BOCiixBBxi ABamaTB jin yeain xosaBaTB pyeBHavs sen tieuuojt 

BOCTB rbTb BaAeSA'B, KOTOpHB OBB BOBiarajB Ba pyCCKBTB eJHUM«0<|^f 

JOBi; oxBfl^ Bt% o6BBBBeiiiiz%« pexasTOpi^ ,GjOBa', lUoinaBCuit, roBOpi ( 
ciaBBBeBBX& KouBverixi BiPoodB, Bo 6oBm ropoiB Bánil naarti; Jí^otm 
roBopa^ aixftoB wb ÁBCrpis bpbbíibjb BpBXMBTb cjuuom éamoi 

BBaWBÍe ximttBOOf B BTBZ!B BOMBrOTOBl. fianb BXftCb, TBB^ H n 

Poccíb bb juu Boro w$ coeraajBon tbIbh, hto stb biwbmhi aóeo- 
JDTBO (íeaidbBTejuBii; bo apoMeBam obb ycrpasBasn ipeasiiHatBiB 
coÓpaBÍB, Ba BorcpHxi soe ofo %tm% roBopan b oiobb mbotd tsopm 
bo mn BOTopím pinnenao BBMio apaBnBaeaaro ae BpOBcreBiers' 
TaBOBo ^BTBmocBoe nojoawmo cmpo^pycaactM aapna botbom 
Bie ea b% ^q^yran BOjara^ecBaHi ^iMuňopam «b Tajumía, BOMOBeiie 
npa BOTopM!fct lurb mm bbaíjb^ erpamsenaim jraqom MBMom 
6ojiiime Bcftxi tana pyeaaH. A aeaKxy Tia%, aa orarb^ro ^^aaran 
aBcrpiicBaa Maaaaeipaipa bb TajDiiúa e&yii&» BoaicBarayn Xi>Bifll 
pax'B eaaHz% rpaflyiioaBHxi a ^JM^anoiaiMaaxsb Boxoipirift, aa tcao- 
Baaia aoiopMO aBcrpiieaaa oposypavypa aoeataBja oCtaBaib bbw 
B0B% aapria cb. Teopria bi cavms Maňase npeesrysiMíaxft a vpite 
aan oaepraoft sasBa mxh. ABerpiloMHy apaBaienonj aa aoaMfl 
6uTb npiaTBHMi larortBÍe faiaqaaxs pyeaaoaB aibPoodB m ma cm 
nana b& cjaBaao^^iaM^ aoBO-Bepaus aBcrpiAeaii nowaaBHtBOBfl 
BO o6a8aa% bo aaaoay M,ijuab foiaao apiarate aaa^eaapáaas, t bo 
BTopiizi — Boaa 9Ta oaMaaTia a TBfotiaie aocan cmib aiaion 
necBft lapaBTopi, wo BBaaBs ae aoryrs npo^^eiaBjaas eep&^ 
Bot OBaeaoera bb j(ja aaorptleBaio apaaafea&cvBa, qa lu u^ímoctí 



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XPOHm.— KOPFKCnOHXIHIQfi 181 B«HH. 381 

iBcrptte^oft reppnopis. Ecji ae,lHe cvorpii ea 9to, otfMraHraiBHafl 
Bjim ptflnjacb sncvyDm iiponBi pycioon n TtsHir& Taftům 
otnienen, TOdToopoisomaono AsyirfcBpHiHHaMi: BO-nepnirE, oOn« 
leiie Bicajoe& le yrojosmro, ho nojKBTneesaro RpecryBieflia, a vh 
lonmeeBBxib Bpoqeccaxi srb Bootffl^e apotypopu eBjoHBU aMctbo- 
mk jmEomiejeBHo, h6 eaoaeincb DpexBapnaiuio aocmtoibhmi 
nunecTBom xOBasarencTB^ h pasc^BTiiBaa sa flonraqecBui cbm- 
nffíi fl aBTBoaTii bsbíctboB ^bctb eaiforo o<(fliecTBa h aa xUcTBÍe 
crpamm cjobi bi> poxt: .qíjoctb HiniepiH*, .rocyxaperBeBRaa Beo6- 

OJHIOCn* H T. BOA. 6o-BT0pUX%, tjAxjeVb SaMitHTB, HTO Baii 

épnuni ajpfflBvCTpaipH, pasej^&xosaBBiie x^jo pyeHBOK, tckti b bcí 

xmi ópraBH sposyparypu h B00((fl](9 cyxeóaoft bibctb, xMctbo- 

MIM n BpOQeeeft, BpvflaxJesarb vb boackoS aai^ioBaiLBocTB b 

BO 9T0By oxBOHy sapaate spexpaesojosesu CMOTpibTii Bpasx66Bo Ba py- 

(Don B BBx^^ rocyxapcTBeBByD asM^By vb bbsxoí BoniiTBib nocjrtx- 

nn Kb fla^ioBajiBOft caMOcrojťrexbBoerB. IIojbu emfi se satfiuH 

Vetan^ apeMesi, sorxa aBcrpiftcBoe BpaBBTejncTBO yrHerajio b ysa- 

mo m, BpexocraBJUfl pycBBCBBirB ^BBOBBBBam BjacTBOsaTB vb 

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lOesmi BparoBTb; BOBTony^TO BOJBCBaa axraBHerpaipB b flOJU»CBaB 

iQosypaTypa floco'&BiBXB Bhrimh vto x^^t b6 bbíb x^use vb py- 

{lui loeraToqfliixi XoaaaaTaiBCTBi. 

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veipoeHo fla TaxBrB ciatiurB xoBasaTaiLCTBaxi, b rxft 6u pesyjBTaTU 
^ffi6mo cii^xerBÍB tbitb Majo BOXTBepxBJB rassifl oÓbsbobíb, apB- 

l^mHBB otfBBBHTejBBUlTB aBŤOlTB. He SaxaBaBCB I^^JBD BpOCJI^XBTB 

M xoxi B Bci nyBKTu ofSBBBeaÍB, orpaBB^Cb bíickojbxvmb npnui" 



noBoxoB^ Vb aa^axy exixcTBia ao droiiy x'&Jry aociysaxo Tasi- 
MiBaeBoe raaxBHcsoe x^o, sauDqaBmeecB b:b toitb, hto BpecTBaa- 
Qtt oónnnta aaaBBxa sexaaie aepeftni asi yaiaTCTBa wb apaBocjiaBie; 
4%H KpecTbBBi xpyrofi xepeBaa, 35apasa, oóaapysBJOCb to ace caaoe 
tQeueue. noxBCBia BxacTa aepeayraxacb, aocxaia cjti^xOBaTejieň, a 
*MjK)cb, mto aa p&aeaie raajBHcaBXi q^ecTBua^B bobxíbxb csaxaT- 
lA CBifl^eaBBKB, OT. HayMOBHq^, oxbbi naib ctoxbobi aapria cb. 
AdVIíBi b pexarropi .CjOBa**, nxoa^aacBift. SaifiTBirB, hto CBOÓoxa 
%0KflOBÍxaBi& rapaBTBpoBaaa aBCTpiftcRofi xoBCTBTyi^iefi) meb hto 
4BWit aBcrpiftcKÍft noxxBBBUft Boxeai aepeftTH b'b sasoe yroxao 
%MeBOBixBHie Bxa xase o6mbbtb ce6a cocToaauuii bb'& acnaro 
'MiaoaftxaBia (coafessioaslos). Mesxy t^m^i oÓBaaaTeiBaaa bxbctb 
'vcímua vro x'bxo vb TasoirB cb^tí, bbbi tfyxro 6h aepexox^B 



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382 Momn latoum. 

n iipaBoejMie (ub, mbi BooÓn^e Bcrojnsv ronopan, n .exuiiy') 
cavb no eeii yse 8aBjn»iajr& bí^ito nparnyMKosaoe i sponsyrocf- 
;ii|M!TBeBio6 ^). CyxeÓBoe eiftxcTBie boojbí bíímujio, «ro rsBiBittoe 
H dtepascBoe aím sa^aMejb se ao HHsipaTUÍb HBvexureBiÚB pj- 
cBBesoft, HO BuAMfitm BMOBOJberBa xpecTua^ nicnunfib fBíiMBon 
CBBmdBHHftom EocteiiBBMti; no nepiji) wictt nepeAn w/k bpmocjí- 
Bie noxan BpecTMHairB coei^nfi dobí^hb^, rp. ^exiarCBaia, aospi- 
EBAJiesan^it ke pfCBBCBOft HapoAHoerg h ho hmídiiMé HRforo oómaro 
c% erapo-pycBBQBoft napriei; lOJbEO BnocjiixevBiB, Bor^a Depezox%Bi 
npMOCJBÚe 6im Bioni pimoHi BpecruflaxB, o. HayMOBro b Hio- 

n^aHCBÍft JMUIH BM% B'6QK0JUbB0 COBŠTOBl, BBCaBniBXM JUB6 BOO(kOXI- 

Miu% 4K>pKaiBH0CTeft. HíbTb comhííhU (ab avoro ve CBpHBaw b cbií 
HaTMOBmi b niomaocsift), ^to cTapo-pycBBii, novoraa BpecTBBBairB 

Wb BXl BOBUTBaXIb DepoteB BCfc BpaBOCJaBÍe, pyBOBOACTBOBaiBCE Bon- 

TB^ecBBBfl ttOTuaira: e% OAsoft cropoHii, 9to 6iuo yrpoaoft Pbbj i^ 
iesyHTaMi, ci xpyroft — on AyvajB CA^JaTb npínTBoe €BOBK!fc ApysuMi^ 
pyccsHiix CMBBBo4^Bjam; ho Baaie 6u mothbh hh pyBOBOXUB bbij 
B% Bxi Aiterfiiflz^ ho aaBJDiajocb HBqero npoTBByrocyAapcTfieBHaroH 

Bl dVOU% COFJMCHU 6UMU M CJJ^My H HpHCJISHIiei TBBl ITO HeTHp^ 

HOAeyAHMuxi^, npBBJOHOBHiixi DO BOBOAy rHHjuqeBaro aím, of» Hi^ 
yMOBHn, QioniaBCBit h specruHe niflyBAepi h daiyceaift ůaia^ 
onpaBAaHH no oÓBAHeniD vb rocyAapcTBeHHoft ibm^hí^ b npacysA6Hi^ 
TOiifcBO 00 ofoBAOBii) Wh HapyHieHÍH o6ni(ecTBeHHaF0 cboboActbíji n 
qMiBHBTeJUO jerBBiix HaBagaHinre; o. HayMOBHvtb — Kh 6 bíci^ 
iMUii TDpBMU, DioDM^iCBifi — Vb 5, IIIayBAepi i Saayccaift — Bi ^ 
Mi^CBi^aMi. Hto BacaercB caMHxi specTBflfli, to cyA66Hoe ei^j 
cTBie HeonpoBepsiMO Aoiasaio, hto wa crpexieflie vb iMpeiOiXl 
Vb opasocuBíe JHmoHo bcbboA nojumiiecBoft hjh Atso pejiBiio8H0Í| 

nOABJBABH B BHSBaHO qHCTO B^CTHIIMH apH^BSaMH, BaSl-TO: CBBO^ 
ynpBBCTBOKl IťbCTHHXl yHÍaTCBBXl CBBIKeHHBBOBI 1 T. H. ^). 



1) He jiBeeo Hinepeca, ino CoM^mMuetwo npieaxiiixi AiftctBirejuK) owu^ 
npaBocjftBie nexoSBOieHHOl b% Aicipii ^cnsHoft", ■ ^pesraiAiao yxnnxe^ loix^ 

CBHJ^iTeib o. MKTpO<|»aBOBI^l OÓlJICHHll HMl, ITO Blb ABCTpíl MMWBTk BÍCKOAIOMUJ 

lioHOBi npABocjaBHHxi; 1T0 oepeiox> bi npaBOciAiíe ne saun^aen n ee6^ oiera 
oponBysAKomaro; no rjasoft npatoeiaBeoi QepBBH bi ÁBcrpÍM cvnaerei ne pyd 
ciii iMflepaTopi, lan xjMaan 6oiuubotbo lOjasoBi, ho aBcrpiioiii; no bi Aij 
crpÍH cymecTBfnn xsa HpaBocxaBHHXi iurpoioxira r t. x. Hsyiueiiie npacisBiix^ 
6uM0 BOJiKOt ■ no Bonpocam nlsoTopiixi nn aizi bixbo 6hio, ito on Be bdoxb^ 
XOBipaJiH oÓuicHeBum o. MiipofMiaoBs^a! 

*) Aju xapasTepHCTiui bbu^xobi specTUBi ha aron npexvon, ne óeniere^ 
pecBu flitoTopBii opoBOBÍji Mz%, oponoHHHji Ba cyxi. B» oxBom m BTEn npoBei 
Bift EpecTBjne ceia 3apim saiysrci n vo, no apixoxi ixi GjnuuoM& bojm i 
BOdTOMf upocxn paspimeflÍB nepeftTi b% npaBOCJiaBie; ecn se Ba^aifcCiBO Be bbh 



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IPOHHKA.— llOfnOIOIWira^ 13'^ B-fiHU. 383 

XaJBBiftndi DyBBT^ oóraHerá, BacaDBuflcii {mecji^OBaHÚi h cha- 
tu uaHon Cfb afierpiltcnxs yxpiiiJiefiift, osasaioa eacrouBO óesw- 
usareiiBHiin h eMÍBiHiiM&, vro npoBypopi npHHyaxeffL ÓHjrb orsa- 
^iBe« ero nouepauBaTB. APT^oe ofiBuwflie, n asn-aBCTpíftcsoi 
opoDaraBAt qtew Hi^MAa, Taiae i» 6hjo AOBaaaHo aa cyxii; 9to otf- 
Bueme teio neevpoeao na xanasizA o pasroaopasib r. HayMOBH^a h 
0. TpaiMinaro m KpecTMiiaiui, fb BMopiixrB nepiiie acho BHaasu- 
lajH CBoe xpyseeiM pacnMosesie n Poecia, a, vesen 6htb, h naa- 
ToíH^ecKoe sejiaHíe, ^To6a BOCTo^saji FaiHi^iA nepenua n Poccíb. 
Xame HwponBi, na qrxi coBepmesHO acao o^HapysuocB, ao xaKoft 
mma CTapo-pycnui, Ójaroxapa ssotfpiTeHHOicy imh jtaiisy, orpi- 
38JDI ce(i BOBMoafflocTB oójoiseik ci HapoAom v nraposaro BJMHiáí 
Ba aem. Giyra J|q6pflHeBaro, pycKB%» nosaauBaen n M^ecraft cbh- 
xiiejff, ^n ero rocnoxKffb woro Bejn paaroBopH ci CBOHMa rocraiui, 
HspiOBiveMib, IIjomaHCUifB i xp. »0 ^em ohh paaroBapwajB?* — 
c^anniBaen spejied^xaTeJB* ^JI ae noHBMajrB MXh pasroBopoai''. ,j(a 
Blxb om se roBopiUB ■o-pycaacsBl*' ^A^t ohh fobophjih Ha pycHH*. 
cion awsfty ho HaďpyiOM pycHHesoirB jram^ loroparo a ne BHaD''. 

3aviMi cjiftxyen rjaBHoe o6BHHeHie b'b eocraajieHin Tafinaro o(ni(e- 
cna eib a^^D orxijurrBeH on AfierpíH, — o^enHenie, sacaBoieecii ho^th 
BcteL Hojieyjuimxi, rjasHuiťB se ofipasoai — ^AoCpaHCsaro h HayMO- 
Bra. Ho aroiiy nyHKTy Bce oÓBiBOHie nocrpoeno oohtb ho na pac- 
ipiiTH£fc ij^asKu, HO Ha CB&xteúm, eo6paHHiixi HerjacHUiii ny- 
ven, AOHeoeHtax^B HOjuiitiH h Boo6ffl(e aAVflHHerpaTHBHHx^B y^pesienifi, 
ciy^&taus jioHOcaxft h, BaioHei^, oerpcynnuzi Aorajunx^B. 

riaBHHft MaTepiaJl CBOft OTHOCHraiBHO Ao6pflHCKarO OÓBHHHTeJB- 

Baa BiaeTB wpoaia HBOb saiiHCBH BeHrepcaaro KHHHCTpa-flpesHxeHTa 
TieeH, KOTopyD noea'&AHit nocjiajrB cyxeÓHOvy cjixoBaTejH) ajh za* 
patrepHcniKH JI|o6piiHCRaro. Tncca SHajrb ero jhwo bo BpeMu ero 
xiiiTejBHocTH vb BearpÍH bi Teqenie 1848 — 67 r., T.-e. vb to bpoma, 
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CTaoHCJaBOBi nHmeTL bi CBoem xoHeceHfv o noxcyxHxom Hhwí, tro oÓncsi y aero 
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ropoxa ^iBRTa-Kacrejuana. — Tepra. 

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iOB% H ^xhmBTh nycTiipeft, no KOTopiiH'b cnoKOfteo nporyiHBajracB 
■opoBB R ROSU, M uicTÍ dTofi sasoiyeittofi xepeBBH, cym^ecTBOBaBiiiei 
n crisaxi 6ojBinoro ropox&t TonepL ctojidtcii mHposia, npaBHjiBHuii, 
no crporo BHxepsaHHOMy njiaHy uiTBBjTua yiHi^u, KoioccaxBHue 
XMA tfh BepKajoHinn oiHam, isAn^EHe n^^e, pecTopaHu, Hara- 
8IHH H flpcra. GifOTpji Ba nocKNiHHée xBHtteide no HOtoposxeHHoň V ia 
Nadonale, ujiiieS TOitepB no vtmm> npesxe nycniHHHirB xieram 
iDJOTB xo Eopoo, exBa bíphbib cbohitb rjHUiaiTB: iiaBHX%-H«6yj|B navB- 
MCTB jňn BAsaxi s^bch Hnero srroro He6ttio, pafiOTU no pasnersi 

dCBBUBHa TOJTBKO HaHHHajíflCB H JHISB KOe-rX% BOMOXHjnCB OCTOBH 

HnrtmHBx^ KopnycooiSpasHKťB, iiHoro-9TasHHx% a VHoro-oBOHHiixx 

FpOMMTB. 

Hocomhíhho, tto HHsaxofi xpynA ropojiib ne npeo^pasoBunajiefl 
nn óiicrpo, h exBa mm %% BaKOBi*j|]i<(ó xpyrom m^btA crpoirrejnbHaA 
lonaHÍJi ormaiacB tasoA jHxopaxoinot nocflAnraocTBi) vb cbobk^b 
onepaiqAxi, lan vh drom Hobomi Paii^. — ^He crojn^ pa;(HKajLBHo h 
He TasB CBopo, HO H8ii%HjroTCi[ BHinmocTB H npo^HX%OBpaHH%ropo;(a. 

nojHiiteflciíA npaBHjia, e^Ba asBicTHHa b% cTapoH'B Psiri^ na^a- 
HasTB nnepB bxoxhtb bi ciuy h najiaraTB nenaTB oxHOotfpasifl a 
HopaxBa BOBCDxy, upa^asafl ennrB mhofo ropa <íoj[BniaHCTBy npapox- 
Hsn paajiaHi a Tiin> asi aHOcrpaai^eBi-xyxoxHaROBi, aoropne, 
stBjí Bjc^CB xaBHO, npaBHEJni cqaraTB Pbicb CBoam ropoxovB a r^i 
TevepB crajio a myaHO, a tícho, axoporo, a xajieieo ae ¥aÉ% cbo6oxho 
UKh npesxe. Haorie asi aaxi ae Buneeaa noBaro pesaaa a naacei^a 
BBlxaM OTCDAa^ nepecanmnacB bi BpDoeeiB, Ilapasi, MDExeni 
ua se ftB rjyxia npoBani^ía HTajua. Mu bb^^ik oxhoto H^aei^aaro 
aiBonaci^a, BOTopuft, nocjii aaoraxi jf^tb auKsna bi Piimí, nopeneci 
CBOD ctyxiD aa ocrpoBi Kanpa. 

HoBsa Bpeaena, ecTecTBenHO, xojshu 6ujíe orosBaTBca 6ojBntaaa 
nepeatnavu vl xox^ paacsaro npocBim^eHia, paacBoll nayaa a, htó 
n^o véna anrepecoBajio 6ojiie, bi xapaKTOpt paacaoft apxeojoria. 
HsB oiepHeaaoft aaaa upemw RCTopia nibaei^Baro apxeojora^ecKaro 
iBcnTfra sa^^ao, «o sto y^ipesj^enie 6imo riaBHmrB i^eHTpoai yne- 
HocrasToro po^a, — i^earpoai, dBOTopuMi ae aorjia conepna^TB aa 
■ttauui asaxeMia, na aasoe xpyróe y^eaoe o6mficno. Ob BOABopeaieMi 
sxftcB HOBaro upa^Tejncraa, apxeojioría nojiy^aerB xapasrepi rocy- 
JMVCTBeHHot Hayaa: yqpesxaerca riaBHoe ynpaBJEeme no x^JiairB apxeo- 
^oraieeiaxi pacaonoai a ayseesi HTaxia (Direzione Generále degli 
Seavi di Antíchiti e de' Musei), Bca CTpaaa j^íxbtca na aaosecTBo 
HurB oapyroBi cb npaBarejiBCTBeHHUMa aHcneRTopaaa, aa oóasaH- 
Hocn KOTopuxi jiesarB cjitxVTB sa xoxobtb pacaonOKi a sa Bciaa 



. ' Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



390 mctwneh UBOjm. 

OTBpHTuniH H xoBOAHTB O HHu ^0 CBÍ(AÍHÍ4i riasHaro THpaBjeHU. 
Ilod^xnee, bi cbok) o^epexB, uou^nxfií&n 9th OT^eru vb cneiqauHoia 
exeH^tea^HOM^b HB^amii: Notizie degli Scavi di Antáchitá. y^pesiena 
HOBue mraTu cjyse6Haro nepconaja no BixoMCTBy rocyxapcreeiEHiirb 
JtpeBHocTefi MyseoBi, cocTaBienu h isAaHH hobha upaBEia othoci- 
TeiBHO xóTOAft pacKODOBOb H np. Bce 9to noTpe6oBaio Hoaurb HaxepxeBs, 
H noTOMy npaBHTeiBCTBo oÍjioshjo bcí xyseB h oo6paHúi xpeiHocieft, 
cocTaBJaK)I^iA cotfcTBeHHOcTB FocyxapcTBa, noniJHHOft — no 4^paHBy cib 
BaaKAaro necfoHTejiJi ^). GBo6oj|HUft bxox^b oTHeceHi TeoepB juna ha 

BOCBpeceHBA H HÍB0T0pH6 ÓOJBlfliO npaSAHHBH. HCBJUOHeHÍe caíiiho 

TOJBBO AM y^eHHzi H zyxosHHBOBOb, BOTopHe BO npeimeify noJOByímji 
npaBOHi noď[iin;aTB Bcb yHpesxeBLi nojLOÓHaropoAaóeBiiBcaBOftnjiini. 
' Bo rjBBi dToro BiAOBcrea ctbjii yse BSBŠCTHufi hbitb ceHaTopi 
JJjjKysenoe ^iopeuB, nepecejHsnri&Cfl h8«b HeanojiB vb Phitb. IIpcMBJnnrb 
xirrou% (1880) hbitb xoBejiocB bha^tb ero na aroifB noBOicb uoert: 
OHtB — BCe TOrB se HeyTOMHMUS TpyBseuHKB, HO BHapmífti He CHorpí 
Ha BucoTy CBoero nojoaceHÍB h BnaqBTOjBHoe MaiepiaiBHoe otiesne^OBie, 
^TÓ TBBoe Aa^HaB buiseb h ^T0 Tasoe xepeBHB ji'bTOM'B. H BMÍbcb^ vb 
9T0MI pacBajieflHOM'B Phmí, OHI nepBHBíi BBJÍB6TCB wb CBOD apzeoio- 
rs^ecKyK) BaHi^ojapiK), h saí^cb, bbb^b 6HBajio b^b HeanojiETaHCBOBi 
Hai^ioHajnHOiťB Mysei, nocj['6AHHM'B ocTaBjuierB cbož cjyseÓHHft nocn: 
cHomeHÍB ch DpoBBH^iaJ[BHHMH apzeojorHHecBHMB BOMMflccíJucH, ^reHíe 
OT^eTOB^ o xoxi pacBOnoBi, pexBSBpoBame BumeynoiiflHyTaro Bíyp- 
HBja Notizie^ degli Scavi, nepenHCsa cb xHHHcrepcTBOirB HapoxBaro 
npecBto^eHÚi, pyBOBOxcxBO pacsonsaMH, dpobsbo^bhi^biuicb kb CTŠBaxi 
PHMa,— Bce 9T0 jesflTB na ero OTBfocTBeHHOCTH. Mu ne roBopaM^ yse 
061 OTHomeHiflxob ero k% TysexHUM^ h BHOCTpanHHMGb apxeoioraBi 

H yqeHUlfB, H8'B BOTOpUX^B pŠAKÍ6, OOBaBIBH Vb spOSHift MOHaCTHpB 

Sopra Minerva (r^t noMÍn^aeTCB rjaBHoe ynpaBJOHie) sa noiy^eHieBi 
ĎBaera Ha 6ednjiaTHoe nocimeHie apxeojiorBqecBHxi co6paHiĚ h 6ortacrvh 

PflMa, yXOBOJBCTByeTCB Óeci^OA C% HeMHOrOHHQXeHHHMH UHOBHBSaflH 

BaHii;ejíBpiH ^iopeuH h ne nociTHTB caMoro xBpeBXOpa kb ero pi- 
6o^ewb KaÓBneri. 

HenyH) sacjiyry <&iopejjiH cocTaBjíBDrB ycHJĎB npoÓyxHTB on 
npoAOJisHTejiBHaro jeTapra^ecBaro cna OAHy bsi phhc£hx'b asa^eBift, 
TaB^B-HasjUBaeiiyE) Accademia dei Lincei. Ci ero noBBjeníeMi bi Pbbí, 
dTO yqpesAenie Buierb npaBHjubHUB sac^WHiBY y nero cyntecTayen 
TonepB CBoft díhúcmeumeAhHfAÚ jiHTopaTypnufi opraffB, Atti. 

EujťB Aase cjiyxi, hto ^iopeuH BMtďb e^ ApyrHHH BraJBBHCBBBH 
yHOHUMB HaMŠpeHi 6uxb cosabtb hbtb 9Toro y^pesxeHia cosepBBBa 



^} IIociTHTejuf noMne& BHOcím xbb 4>paHia. 

Digitized by VdOOQlC 



xpoukí.— Fm. 891 

jAnenKuf apxeojiorBHecBOHy HHCTHTjTy, h hothbom^b dToro BucTaBjía- 
iMh HaiQOHaiBHaa pobhoctl i&'b RBJ^EUVh ycn'6xaMi RHoseviiieBi. He 
sHaeiTB, Hacsomo cnpaBexJiHBii drn tojerh, noroiiy ?to cjiumaTB hxi 
Han npBHuocB vh Kpyry mojoxuzi Hiiiei^áHxi apxeojioroBi, nyxe- 
MeefByDn^Hxrb do HvajiH; ho coMH^BaeiiCA b*b ycn'6xi TaBoro Ha^BHa- 
m no ipalHeM uipi M,sa ÓJiasaSmaro óyxymaro. A^a ^('bScTBHTejiB- 
Hiro eoDepHHHecTBa HysHo pacnojaraTb TaxEMi se KOJH^ecTBoirE 
npeBoexoAHHxi oiun, sasHMi Bjiax^en apxeoiorH^eeiuui Haysa Tep- 
lasii, HO roBopa yse o xpyrazi, HHocrpaHHUx^B qjieHaxi dToro hbcth- 
Tjra. A drero ne cosxaniB m Taaoe BpeHa, sor^a, x^a o5iacHeHia 
eoxpoBm^ pHMCKHX'& MyseeBi cryxeHTaiTE piMcaaro ynHBepcBTeTa, 
imeTepeiBO HapoxHaro npocBin^eHia BHHysA6H0 npHrjianiaTb hímci^- 
laro aiaeoiora. 

Ho wo ycntaH KaoRTOJiificBaro HECTAvyra CBHnaTHqHU ne Bchwh 
Mienana y^eainfi, crajio xm aaci ACBuwh h8% aeiaBneft scTpii^H 
ch oxHvm H9b HaH6oj'be bhxhhx'b npexcraBHTejet BTajnuracKOft apxeo- 
JOriB, HairbcTflinnb oHcaTejeirb ieayHTOirB, oti^omi Pa^aaie rappy^H. 
CvnaeiTB CBOBirb xojroir& caaaaTB 06% btomi y^eHOirB 8X'bcB bí- 
ciojEbBo CMfím. npoxojsaa Hsxasie naiíaTHHROB^B miCBHeHHOCTH xpea- 
im HTajriti^KB, BecHOD 1880 r. mi xojskhh óiuh CHoaa OTopa- 
vma Vh flTaiiD. Ha sron paai mBHiiiťB nojeirB Hamero oocaib- 
Baro BsyTOBia 6iua i^eHTpaiBHaa nojioca AneHHHHCBaro nojyocrpoaa, 
CB ea caÓHHaHuaiy Mapcan, BOiBcaaiai h npo^BMB xP6bhhhh ofiora- 
leum oTot erpaHH) hsx botophx^b lasxuft Hibaorxa hm&tb cbod 
Bfnrypy, cbod soropii), cboII asHBi. B% HHCji'b btbxi sapoxoBib HaM'B 
aeoÓxoxKMO 6ujío otípaTHTB BEHManie h na He6ojn&nioft napoxei^i <{>ajiB- 
oum GB HTB rjiaBHUiťB ropoxoiTB Falerii (huhí Civita-Castellana), 
manat BepcraxtB b% IraT■x^caTB aa ciaopi otb PHva, aa rpasBi^i 
drpypíH, GatiHBCBOll bohje h Jai^ia. HeaHanTeiBHiift no OBoeft hh- 
cienoeiH, se Hrpanmíft BHxnofi poiH vb xpeaneft scTopÍH crpanii h 
Aoeoii npexcTaBiaBnnft HHrepecB XJia hctophrobi PHHa jniniB caoeft 
npiBepseHHoeTBD kb dTpypin, CTOpony aOTopoft obi oóhehobobho npa- 
HBiaxB KB boAh4X!b oa Cb pnuanaMH, — droTB napoxi BOsSyxBorB oco- 
Onaoe BHHMame y^eaiixi jAtl xaaxiiaTB nasaxi^, cb orapuTÍeirB paxa 
Boran aa DpocrpaHcraft Hosxy HHv&niHJiirB ropoxoMi ^HBBTa-KacTej- 
jua H oenmeirB GanTa-Mapia xH-$ajuepH. 8tb MorHjm 6ujh bhc£- 
ma Vh eBajracTiix'B xojuiaxi a anyrpa no €T'6Haifi npexcraajaiH 
WM aran^ sasia vh phmcbhx'b aaTaaoiitfaxi cjysara mm no- 
rpeóraia yHOpnux^. Rasx&a aama óiuia saspuTa ntcaojiBBHMH hjih- 
non HffB o6oauBeHofi fjibhu,— boti dra-ro wletu, noapurua aaxnH- 
eixa^ Birtcrt C!B xpyrHHH ocTaTaaMH nHCBMeHaocra (|iajniCBOBi, nafi- 
waamM vh tíxi se M'bcTax%, a npEaioaia BHTep6<rB cneipaiacToax. 



JÉífefcí.-:. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



392 MMnvBib iwora* 

HaAHHCH suw>urxb ch mbukom^^ BÍ&poBawuai h ftOjyvrineemA mmasjD 
dToro HapoAa. 

HecT^ OTKpuTin aran ngiutTiiaKoirb iipHHaxiexmRE o. Tappy^w, 
aecoMHiHHO jiyvrneMj awTOsy apxeojori^ecw^^ (Spravcra^ srajuiH- 
cium opoBBHi^ift, B« KOTopuxíb ofl^ njTemecTBMan KBom pa«b i 
noAOJirf. Oh'b nepBUft mn jnwuvh o6paTBurb buiuum oa ae»i) 
4»aucKou H y6^xHn ea HHQimum BAM&nbiteM bom^somte pa- 
CKOPBHf HanaTUfl bi lUTHxecaTuxtb roj^axii ch aopycraírit niiu) a 
ueyuijiúv pysolk. PacaoiiH a^jui ^(ojswe pesjuTaTii, x aáciym of- 
apum bmíctí cx jiocHjiuiuif^ oCíucHemii^ j^aigccwis macion 
ocraeTca (oacnapHO aa BTiiif& ywBfiiirB O* 

K« vény BKHSQairoBajji aairB o6paaiiTBca Eftiiamia apxaojora, lacjia 

Bl* PhMÍ mu CTaiH HaBOAHTL COpaBU o MŽCTŠ HaXOaMBBÍJL MDCS 
OaMaTHHSOB^ H Q MCTOHNídWh RJ% KWUiMM/h* Ho B^H BTOMft OIK 

uoHcejoui aaHi ocodeHaaro cvacria mb caoiaeaiflxii cb yleHlialg^ aoro- 
piifi, no Hxi ejM^aam, aa 41>6bt% xÍJHT&ca cbowu ^fixisim c^ 
HirocTpaHi^aiui. HojipotiaocffH, coo^i^eHBiia apa arom, (Nbuni Taaoau, 
TTO a Bi BeBeceaoMi aacTpoeaia Ayxa acxyaajTB bb aajmray xpm 
iesyaTOBi sa Tatfpoirb, aaa^Aajieay on luoBíMa u. nerpa, h bb oaa- 
M,ta% HH^ero xopooiaro jua ycnftxa Hoero AiJa. ^epaiiĚ apeen&Paeaa- 
Tía, BBcaiiúA Biai Bxoxams tfenaaa a yaaaa jtofaB^a, wnwoM » 
OAHa'B mn BepxHHxi draveĚ, r^i aaxoAuacfc iBapnpa o. r^pyvva, 
H nepTBua TamgHa, Kapsamaa bo aeeirB aoHaeari, miaao ycaaDan 
BO HHt BayTpeaaae CTicaaaío. M^aa BaejH wh i^osia^api^ npíaaayD 
sajy a BacraBHja no^oasjíaTb Buxojia navseHoaro or^a. dno íM w n agi e 
oo^OMy-To BaTaayjocj^, Tasí ^to a yate Ba«HBaj!& Tarotanea cboba 
MMmMiewh. Haaosem, aa ampbd noonuBajnob im*to (íiicq^evan 
E vb sajy BomeJKB címsA crapHKB acb ^opaon mMjEM^fTKmlk m upef- 
roariiBOHi caoeotfpaaaaro noapoa éeperi. Heofewaa mamtth XBaaae- 
Hifi, ÓHcrpora piu a &iecMn^ia ^epaue rjiaaa epaay mgaBHtaja ai 
BOBI yposeai^ BeaBojvraacaot bpobbbiób. 

Ol nepauxi ace oioy^, OAsaiBO, craao Jiia Meaa aeoo, tao aoa 
CTpaxfl 6huiE X09MU fl ^To Bct BOjyttHBHa MBOB) eaftafaBB afomMA 
yqeaoMi no Mesbiselk mifU oxneerapoBaB. FasavB o iíobx£ oraose- 
Biax% Kb MOcaoBCBOiiy yaBBepcBWTy, e. Tiqppyiiui flweam pivt o 
Mocbbí, o BoeaoBCBOirB apxeojorBHecaairb oÓb^^ctbí, o rp. YBapoBl 
B yqofluxi TpyAax'B aoca^ABaro. Bs aoB^ft bobiiobi^ obi ae tqmmo 
saaBBA co^yacTBie momn i^ijaM^ bo b aiipanm noytayB fifOB- 



*) Cm. ero cTaTbH vh Annali dell^inat di Ck>rresp. Arch. 1860, crp. 211 ■ cji^X-t 
vb ero cóopraict Diisertaz. Archeo). Róma 1864, crp. 69 h cj^Xm n sypHaii C^ti 
Gatolica, ser. YII, vol. IX, 478 b crtx., bi airiilcKoft The Archaeokigia,t.XL,Ilíp. 
43 ■ ciiA. B ero BBBr& Sylloge ineoript Latín. Toríno 1876, p. 194 b ci^ 



Digitized by 



Google 



XP08HKA,— řWTB, 398 

ioet & coAJUecBOBaTB mni Bcimb, lim to4bko MoserrE. A dTo coxift- ' 
etne (Sím^o xu vohji tími sasafte, hto (ÍÓJBinu nacTB ksadh- 
e^ c]iQ|px!L ojmmhía, osasaiacb y nero, b^b ero jranHom Bja^inúi, 
vro koomí se Baaxi hh oahh'b bbi yneHUxit ki KOTopmii a o6pa- 
B|$jic« Brb Phmí, h npdToiiy ji uon npBOTyaiTB vh HSCJitjiOBaHiK) opa- 
noMOffb cettiach se. 

BjmMiBL9jSk Bi noyoiw pHCOBa»ii(BBa, ji nonpocHjEB y o. Pappyi^ii 
BOSBojema opnecTH cte oo6ok) noero coofe^iecTBeaHHBa, xyxpsuRa 
PdbiaHa. IIpH sByKi dToro He-i^ccsaro HnesH, jhi^o noneraaro enpíM- 
MOT% Bxpyrb npmmao cypoBoe BHpajaeHíe n saxiMi oocjiiAOBaji bo- 
upocTbz ,j(a 9T0 pyccaitt, a ae HJte6i^'B?" S. jkOJimewb 6hixh otfiacHarb, 
^no He-pjecK9it> bjkícb ojiho hub, hto ohi xiĚcTBHTeibHo Moi coore- 

TOCTBeHHHJTB, XaBHO «HBylI^Ř B!B PhIIÍ^ OpOH. DopBilň MOft BHBflTTb 

losHuicji nparjiaineHieiii dPhath bxíctš ci mohmi bomoii^hhboms b% 
ion se AOHL, qacoBi okojio dj^th, nocitš «*& ópaTcsaro o6ixa h 
OfiH^BOft HTajLBHCBOft CBeCTH (nocjríto6ix6HBiift COH'b). 

B^ Ha8HaH6HB06 BpeMJI MUBBOHHJIB Bl BOpOTa KOHBOHTa) H UEBJTh 

Hepfm uffih noort disaicefla, wHHaro f. PefiiiaHy oraocHvejiLHO ero 
HaipQHauHoeTH, o. Tappyn^H iiOBejrb HaeB wb caMuft BepxHÍfi dras^B 
axaBia, Tyxa, tmX oo ero ciOBam, xpaeHjiHCB 4>ftjraccEie opHrHiiajiu. 
Sbm btoto y^eHaro, Kas^b BjaA^BAa MHoriX^ apxeoáora^eoRHxi nin- 
Hoexet, Mil osBAaui, hto ceflucE yBHAflicB ero ^aerauft vyaefi; ho 
uioBO se fiujio Hama yAHBjeBíe, kofab bmíoto tofo mh o^yinuHCB 
Ha ^^[^j^aKi, noAi^ caiioft xpoBiefl, vaí b^ fiesnopjiXKt BauuiCE no- 
JOMaHiMU MBÓejiB, wxMOTBB iioHaH[ecaBX'B ojiesA'B, crapHfl nijijuitt, 
nyefiiii óyTRotH h nponift AOHameift cfuap&b. Otbophbiub M&ieHBByD 
XwpB M BBaxBiH HaeB vb TaByK) oóCTaHOBsy, o. Tappyqu ne 6e3% 
ciiixa s^ítbjii: ,bot'b BaiťB Hyseň xoňl^ ŤyrB oh^b c% rpycTbi) 
paaeiwu^!^ aayx, xas^ chjbho nocrpaxajui ero co6paHia xpoBHocreft 
npi B0H(|iBCKai^ÍH Collegio Romano h Bcefi npesaefi peuiieHi^íB iesyH- 
TOBB Wh Pbmí, fb nojiBBy HOBaro npaBBTejBCTBa. 

— yOpeAMem xejRie h ptxvie, — Mes^y opovBHi fobophjtb okb, — 
a eoie xpas» Koe-Rax% y ce6a, b:b Moeft ROMHari, 6ojiBinie se RaMHH 
lacTBD djťbCB Ha ?epAaR'6, ^acTBn na j^THoft Hameit j^bítí vb KacTOU- 
raiij|0XB4K> 64HdB Ajbóbho. ^to A^axB? apoKeHa nepeMinuBiii''. Orojo 
jmiTB AHeft apoBeiB mu saxiM^B udkl eiyxoBmfB orhomx aroro wp- 
wa, uvaa h sajiBRflpya 4^ajiBeeRíe RaMHH, h xosjihhi, ycepxHO vh Ty 
aopy paéoTBBíMfi hba^ cbohmi MOHyMeHraxBHmťB TpyxoM'B Storia delF 
arte Grístiana, ao H'bcROJiBRy pasi b'b jsfiEh npHXoxHJi^ jpb ebm% h no- 

R(»UVB CBOBMH yRaSaHÍJlMH, COBÍTaMH B RHBFaMB O- IIOdHaROMBBniBCB 



*} ^^fetík ttO necpeAOTBO nu HlléjIH BOSJlOSHOCTb nOBHftKOMITbCil B Cb HaiDBiift 

eooieveeTBeBBBsoMi, o. U. O. IlBpjiBHroMi, npBHMieumBVb Tomy «e BaTOiH^ecBOicy 



'■'■ . Digitized by VjOOSI^ 



394 BIBOniKl IBPOIBI. 

6nx6, OHI DpHnacui Hacfb h b% cbod xbhbjm} sBspivpy: ^e (Sesi 
7xnji6HÍA MH cu(npiM Ha 9Ty eduHcmůennyio noMHomy^ daHHiiaeiiTi) 
ceMHAecATHj-bTHHMi y^eHUMi, ROToparo sBaen Bcnifi, Hl^ix>]^ii co- 
npBEOCHOBeflie n pHHcaoft Hcropieft h apxeoioriet. Ta MajeHuu 
rocTHHait, vh KOTopoft KU BHxtjia ero n nepBUĚ pasi, OKasaiacb 
oómeft niHeMHOft ma i^liiaro ' drasa; h3% SHeyn^Hn se 8A'6cb hibto 
ne HH'&erB éojite oxHoft BOMBara. Sxícb noHin^iDTCfl kbetr, ioTopim» 

HaCBOABO MU MOrJH BHXilTB H8% KOppBAOpa, paSXilitfDfltarO 9TB KBap- 

THpii Ba MjA nojOBHHu, y sasj^aro wn hetl mioro; pa6o^6 crojn 
H KOHTc^u, rapwpoói r nocreib. Břb 9Tofl Bomiart o. Tappynn no- 
H&i^aeTOfl ch csoeft ÓatfiioTesoft, HynsiiaTHqeeBOft ■ xpymi apzeoio- 
rHHecBHMH lOJuexi^iaHH. Gvorpji na dry rbcHory KHaprapi >b ůti- 

HOCTb OÓCraHOBKH, BejMfl 61IJÍO He y6Íbj(HT&CB B% CípOM HOCTH y^HHXl 

opxeHa, xesesHiifl cpexcrsa soroparo, saBi roBop^n, He ocTaBímm 
sejaTB HH^ero jry^nnaro... 

Heo^HOspaTBUJí dec&XH o. TappyqqB bcho ooBasan navB, ^to 
9wrb y^eHutt — Be ctopohhhkb nliireitRflrL apxeojioroBi, pa6oTai)B(ixi> 
Ba KaoBTOiii, ocotiesBO rbx^b hojioxuxi xoxTopoBi, Koropue MBistrnsL 
vh HTaiíK) Ba BopoTsoe Bpeirfl h coiman, no ero cjioBairb, UMwn 

CBOD dpyXHI^D nOJOMBROft CB HTaJIBAflCRHHB aBTOpBTeTaiCB... O 

-— „9tb pefijiTa (ragazzi),— roBopBJí offB,— Ra«xH* roxi npitt- 
saDTB CK)xa i^iitiMH ROMnaHÍBXH H, ne ycnftirB ocvorptrBCJn bo Bcexi 
pasBOOÓpasiB corpobhb^, npexcrasjureinixi Haniefl CTpaBoft, xaaTaDrcfl 
8a nepBuft Bonpon; x^Jiaji bxí^cb cbod y^oByn xapBepy, ohh crapaDTU 
'yxHBUTL CROBXi npo^copoBi OTpHi^aBievB HamBxi aBTopRTeroBi I 
rpyófiiHi oÓpan^eHieiTB cb Hameft HTajiBBBCRofl Rayaoft. ň npexxe pe^ 
HOCTHo nocšn^ajTB co6paBÍB droro npyccRaro EHCTHryra h ne^aran 

CBOH HBCltAOBaBÍA Vh OFO ópraHBXl, HO H0Cr6 yBBX^JTB, HTO Vh VOI 

jAtíl HecTOHrB jiom aTB nepBeBi h TpaTHTB speHB na npenapaTCjncrBS 
C% 9THIIB peÓETavH''. 

opxeey. yposeBeai narepóypra r BOcniTABHRn HerepÓyprcKoi nofsasii, on eie 
B% paoBie DHomeciie roxa yixan n Pim ciynau JieKiUH n saaiteBHioiii Collegio 
Romano h, nocTyuHBi sxtcb n opřeni iesjETon, yse ae min bosmoshocti Bopo- 
twnoM vb Poccíd. Bi o. IlEpjHHrb op^eei HMien xenepb xljiTeiBHaro y^eHaro. Cne- 
níajibHOCTB ero— BCTopiii h npeHMymecnevRO pycciax Vh ea cnomeBLixi ci Pnion' 
Jtrom 1880 r. obi xHoro paóoran vk apxHsaxi h ÓBfSjioresaxi Pna. Hai Me^'^ 
BMTb rpyxon Hojosyercji kbbIcthootuo ero 6oAmaf noHorpajiLi: Bome et Démétrioi — 
ďaprěs des docoments nouyeaux. Paris 1878. Hn xesrpa Poccíh lenepb bh noaiejo 
eiiy cepxe^HyD 6jaroAapHOCTb sa ycrpoftcTBO uannixi HayHHHxi xin n puicsojft 
iesyiTCKOMi xoHBearb wb raxyi) MBeyiy, xorxa n asTopiTeTHoft iioifom mh cuuo 
ByxxajiBCB. 

^) BnpoHeMi, xTo Hiran ero couneBie: De' Ganoni Epigrafíci di Federíeo BitscU 
(fioma 1870) B BHaxoiTb n ero Sylloge inscrípUon. Latinarom (Totído 1875> fon 
BBaen OTROBieBie ero h %% Bopfl4»eBM% Hiiieiwt BayxH. 



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uoimA.^PMn. 395 

Mu ne (yxem BAaBETbCA irb kphthkj npneexenHiixi sa^cb cjore; 
MA^ acHOCTH CBasem tojlko, hto dTOiiy yneHoiiy, nHcaBmeiiy b^b Te- 
WHie nilTBAecaTH jAtl j[HTepaTypHo& jífbnreAhBOcrB ^pesBU^afteo 
KHOFo H KacEBinevycJi wh cbohxi MHoro^HCJieHHun MOHorpa^^iflXi, 
ifeifyapax'^, saH^Tiaxi, 6ojibiiiRz*b Hajnixi cÓopHRsaxx, BceBosMos- 
HHx^ BonpocoBi HrajittCKofi, uraccmecROft h xpHcriaHCBOft apxeojio- 
riH, eerecTBerilEro npHzoxuocB noTOMi 6ojie bcIiz^b xpF>"^^) váni xM- 
eTBTi>]i(HX!E, flTaiBflBCKHZi yqefliixi noxBepraTBCB HanaxBairE ^h nojie- 
jiurb 9rax'B „ragazzi tedeschi*", mn RoropurB sasxuft HSÓHpaen jua 
taowvb HSCJribxoBaHífi o6ubhob6bho Bonpocu cnei^iajibHiie h oeóojiBniie 
00 o6%eMj H noTOMy HMtorb BOSvoisHocTb paspaóoraTB aaxaini co Bcex) 
ofiCTOATejbHOCTBD H DOJiHOTOK) — xo caiiHX'B MejsHxi xerajieft. 

Ob OBOHqaHiem phhcbhx'b pa6oirB, nu xojshh Óujh npHroroBHTBca 
i*B DyremecTBiD BHyTpB AneHHHHcsaro noxyocrpoBa, vb upexma seiuH 
4uLacK0B%, caÓHHflH^B, nejiETHOBi^ MapcoBi H np. Bcb BTH M^cra je- 

SSTB Wh CTOpOHt QTb XOpOFH OÓHIHUX^ nyTemeCTBeHHHKOBl^ H nOTOHy 

Heo6xoAHMO 6aio coÓpaTB npexBapHxejiBHBiai cb^x^^húi o xapaKTepž 
xHreielk h sapante saiiiTHTB apxeojom^ecKÍa cTanipH. SxibcB oKasajH 
HBVB n>6e8Hoe cox^AcTBie xaa pHHCsie yieniie: mhhobhhbi naBHaro 
ynpaBjeHíii bo x&iam pacsoBOSi, ^. BapnaÓBH, h hmwb HiMeAsaro 
apxeoioraqecKaro HHCTHryTa, FenpExi Jíj>ecceiB. 

3Ha4i 6JUI8BO rb opobehi^íh, no RoropuiTB xojnKOHiB 6ujA npoxox^TB 
MoM nyTB, OHH cHa6xHiH MOHA noxpoÓHinnb MapmpyTOiťB, yaasajB mhí 
MlcTHiixi yqeHUTB H aHTHSBapieBi, noHoii](B KOTopiixi Horjra 6iitb x4ii 
Meu ocoóeHHo noxesHofl, oóosHa^BJH Hanóoj^ HHTepecHue vb apxeo- 
ioranecKOirB OTHomoHm nynKTU, botophx-b a ho xojsohi 6ujrB saóu- 
BarB Hju HFHopHpoBaTB H T. n. Bth noxpo6Hua yKasaHia, Bu^bcrb c% 
peioveHxaTexBHUMH nscBMaMH h besethuhh sapTO^KaiiH k^b npaBHTftiB* 
CTBeHHmrB HEcnesTopaiTB pacsonoai h HanajiBHHKaiťB Hyseesi, tb^b 
oÓjerqHjH aoD saxa^y, ^to oohth bco xajBHftAmee nyremecTBie 6iuo 
yxe CBopie npiaTHoA nporyxRofi, ^^u% x^Jioitb óoiite hjh hbh^ Ta- 
lejaro Tpyxa. CBepxrB Bcero aroro, vto6u cóepe^B apeHa vb npex- 
CTomniieft noitexa^t rr. BapnaóeH h Jífieccejih nocoa^TOBajH mh^ npex- 
BapirrejiBHO cnHcaTBca ci jrai^aioi, HaH6ojD['6e x^ia moha HysEUira, h 
upoeHTB HXfB coxMcTBia vb pas^cKaHÍH HaxBHceft Rasi yse H8xaHHUx'B 
I BSBicTHHxi ^mxojoTimecKoi nayRli, tbri h vaTepiajiOBi hobbdtb, 
iKmaiy-jraóo en^e ae noaaBiiiHxi b'b oenaTB. CaopocTB nojyTOHia otbš- 
Ton H otiasaTejiBBHfi tob'b hxi Hanepex'B roBopuH naHi, mso mh 6y- 
len hmítb x^o ctb y^eniniH, jiDÓesBUMH h fotobuiih na noMon^B 
iHoaeMi^. Ho, RaR'B yaiiXBMx xajBme, x'6ftCTBHTejn>H0CTB xaieio npe- 
BaoBua voH oxHxaidH. 

Vsi QcnaaiocB o6ofiTH b'b nocx^xnitt pasx FJiaBHue nyHRTU xp^b- 



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396 BMTHm aram. 

HJHrO PHMa, CA&iaTb HtolOJIBBO npOD^ajBHUCE BHSMTOn H OTBpaSHTBCfl 

wb nftb. Kto 6HBajKb sx^cb caiťB h yc^kn OBHaKOioiTBai Ch xi^ai- 
TepoiťB ropoAft) rxi ^to hh man, to xocroAme HcropÍH, tote SHaen, 
KaKi TpyAHo pascraBaHbe cb PnuoirE, BaK'B Butui* oóusHOBeHso ot- 
BJaAHBaercfl co Xha hb aobb ■ larB bi 8th nocjtxHÍe xhh obim:!- 
Baen BanH tb se óesnovon^HOCTB, loropyK) bu ■cnBnuBajra axto bi 
HepBUii HOA^H BaniHx^b aHTHuapciHx^B H xyxosecTBeHHHxi yEieiemt... 

Ho BpeHA se sxajo ■ ocTaBHTB Bejnisift ropoxi 6iuo Beoí^ofímo. 

CAxjB Mapnipyry, iiii aojuhh 6iuh orapaBnuur npesxe Boero 
vb seHjx) ÝaiflCEOVb, jesaBinyi) HeaBxy ropoD Gopanoirb hb B. h 
I][hiihhcbhiii osqwirb (hhhí Lago di Yico) hb 3. h BaHHMaeifyi) hubí 
ropoAOiTE ^HBiTa-EacreuiaHa r ospecTHiniH caieHifliai, npBHaxiesa- 
n^MH vh pHMesot BpoBHH^iH. MexAy pasHuiíH ayTBMH, Bejiyn^Hiai vi 
ary m^cthoctb^ uswóojíie BopoTEÍfl — no pinGRO-ij^JiopeHTiiHCBoi sexis- 
itoň Aoport AO CTOHipH Boprerro h OTTyxa bj-íbo — ei noTrot. 

FopoA^ pacnojioseHi hb BHeoioiii BOjiHoo6pa3HOir& njiaTo; Ói^xHid 
Ha B«x%f oiTb npeACTBBJjierb ji^ěm yvenaro HHTopeci éoJito oi^ysaD- 
mMm ero xojmaira, Roropue bi cbohx^ Morajarb xoiauia eii«BaTB 

OCTBTKB M^EMTO SpOIlUarO dTHXl utlCTb. Ho Kb C09BajlÍHÍK> MaTO^AlB- 

mm csyAOCTb h HexocraTOift uicmui% msreMXBTWiTHurb CHjrb xo 
CBrb nopi npenaTCTByDTi ho tojmco xajíbHifiHreify Msy^teHiD 9Thcb 
zoiMOffbBiapxeoiomecKOirbOTHOinemH, ho h ciyxaTi npiqHHot ee- 
pa^i^sU Kb TOMy, qró yse orspujiH cjiy^all ■ cnacTbe qy»BX'b y^OHim, 
B% poxi o. FappyHHH. 

Chh^hbi ropoxa, vb lOTopovy nu oóparojHCb sa coxiflCTBien n 
yRasaHÍB vonurb, paspuruxi XBaxi^aTb jFbvb Hasaxs, vaKymj^ewb 6an 
cosHaTbCfl, OTO exBB m iTO-HH(!yxb im irtcTHUxi SHreieft CHOCoóeei. 
noMoib MH% vb 9THXI HCBaHÍBKi... „Hama MyHBmpaijí, sartTHjrb ohi, 
ynorpeÓJiBen Bct ycHJiiB hb to, ?to6h hhštb HeTOpin CBoero ropoPi 
HO xooejrib cyHi^ecTByerb oahb 6pomDpa r. Tbpbbhhh, HanBcavsaji xbji- 
jerraBTOirb h Becbxa noBepxHOCTHO*'. CnpaBKa n drofl noHiirsoft na 

HCTOpÍI> O XOTB H HO npHBeiB HBCb HH K!b ^Oliy, TBRX RaB%, HOBB^H- 

MOMy, beí nfbjKik asropa 6iuo saHHMBTbCH noxpo6HO Boopocom o6i 
■HT^>ecoBaBnnu'b naci ((mljíhccbhx^ rpo^HHi^axi, ho Bce se uenu 
orpm^aTb oTHocRTeJibHuxi xoctohbctbi^ aroft bbhsbh, HBHHcaHBOtt ^e- 
Joe(6Roirby ho npBHaxJieauin^HMi vb Kjaccy y^OHHxi ■ pysoBOXBBHBi 
wb cBoeBHB TpyA'& Jii>6oBbH) Vb cBoeHy oreiecTBeHHOiiy ropoxy b yna- 
seiiieiiii Kli ero irHoroBtBOBO& Hcropin. 

BnpoveM^b, RBKi 6ii to hh 6ijjio, ho nairb npHmjiocb oniCBBBan 



») Francesao Tarquini, Notizie Istorirhe e Territoriali di Civitá CastellaM 
1874. 



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zFOHi&i«— pn%. 397 

ýuiettoe KiíLMfimnfi caMHMi, opH nonomt jihiiib iapa6HHbepa, xftHHaro 
ciHjdioMi ITL Hané pacnop<iseHÍe, h oxHoro noioxoro qeuiOB'&Ba, 
r. |0jB-^aTe, yHHTejuí pncoBaiiiji mícthoA ibkojii, npHnameHHaro 
Blin lu CMMamír pecynaos^. 

^amccsU mofvjhi HaftxeHU vb noiyfiepcri otb HHBBTá-KacTauaHa 
3a locrom TeppaHo (ponte Terrano) no o6^mufb CTopoaairB Aopora, 
mjvfiÍL n Caata^^Mi^ia xfl-$auepH. Ciíbxya Tonorpa^^H^ecaoMy oaa- 
cuíd, eocraBjWHHOify o. FappyTCH, mu xojro xoxkjih no yBasanHott 
itcraoen a, bi aoai^i^aoHi^orb, Hanuni wbch yršioaTejibHaro BeeBMa 
uio, nojOBflHa morjurb ynoTpeÓjeaa aa nonaHay moccettHoA xopora, 
npneKE, pasyiriterca, noraóia a aa^aBCH, Biíct^HHUJi a HapaceaaHHiia 

00 eTÍBaw& yciiaajEHHiii. JI,pyria cjysaTb xxa nparoHa kosi h osei^i 
n xojojgroa apeiia roxa: aarpasaeHHua h Tenaua, dra voraju ae 
opewaaiajm xJfl BBCj&xoBaaia Haaaaoft aoBvoaraocra. TpeTBB — c£ipu 
i Bopooia noasy^UMB pacTeaiaiui, Taai ^to ocTCuiaTBoa wb BSTb xoJiro 
tejo ae (SeeoiuiOHO. HeraepTua oépan^eau bo BpeMeaaue capaa h ciy- 
nn juu xpaneaia cojíoiiu a caoaoBi ae sa aojpo nepeA'B "Awb csar 
mo ui6a. Haaoaei](i, nilaoTopua asi hbxi aaxoxuHCB vb oocroama 
BOiiBiftaiaFo paspymeaia. 

Opa Taaaxii oéeToaTeJbCTBax'^, paóora 6ujia aeBosiiosna a no- 
ivx; aafixeHHoe aaMa aa droirB ajaA^amt 6ujio ctojib m&io no 
cioaif Hacjy H HKh aesHa^BTejbao bi aa^ecTBeBHOirB OTBomeBia, 
m eipa u ctohtb b ynoMBHaaia. 

Byxiaúft BacjrfiAOBaTejB xpobhocth 9tbxi MtCT'B, ecJiB xaaoBoft 
BatKma aesAy HamBMB mojoj^mb apxeojioraMH, xojaBeai ^y^era 
omiBea baIcb aa 6aile npoAOjawTeJiBBoe Bpeaa, htoďu npBCJiyaiaTBca 
i& voisaiGB apecTOJiDXBBOBii o pasHUxi cjy^aftauxib aaxoAKaxi, cmí- 
m aiero bx^b OTapuria b np. 8to ^bcto HapojiHoe pyaoaoxcTBO 
offMMiBTi vh Htbjiíb Hep^Axo vh nopasBTeiBHUirB pesyjiBTaTaBi. 

XiiacMi 3T0 saaiHaiiie noToiiy, hto b xBa aama BianeyaasaaBue 
tojmxa^ aapaÓBBBepi a y^arejB djieMeaTapiioll maojiju, nocjš aeyAa^* 
na noBcaoB% vb croposy ponte Terrano yxasiiBajiB aaiTB na Heo6- 
^nmcTb o6€jríbAOBaHia xojqiobi, CBApynixi CTopoai oi^aiijiaDn^BXi 
lopoii: no ax^B cxoaaMi, Taax aa pasasixi BUC0Tax'B cyn^ecTBynTB 
n^makh nosoacia aa 6yaBii. Tn^aTeAaoay asy^eHÍK) Aojacua 6utb 
mK^avyra b Topparopia ceaeHÍa Caara-Mapia AB-<>ajjepB, aaxoAa- 
Woea aa niert Mnnicipinm Faliscum, oenoBaHnaro pBMjaHaBB (bi 
H5 r. ropoxa) cb nfbiht^ auceieHÍa noRopeaHHx^B <^jiBcaoB% bbi bxb 
Mjfaofynaoft nepAdHa ^ajepit, aoropyD ci Tbx% nop^ paiujrae sa- 
watBoam aoiOHacraicB. OticroaceiBCTBa otbub&ib aacrB wb AÓpymu 

1 9tgtimh Vb Poeeii) a noToay mu ae BM&ra BOBMoacHoera npoBi^pBTB 
n eoothqema, ocaoBaaaua owbbaho aa napoAHofi moabí. 



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^ 398 noTHiKi iBFonH. • 

ApxeoiomecRui 6oraTCTBa HTajriH HeBcroopiiiii, h noaroiiy Herore 
yAKBjflTLCJi, ^TO kto*jh6o h8'e OTe^ecTBeHHiiix'B yneHiix^b, zota 611 m 
cod^Buiro PflHa, ne nocejiHTCA sj^^bcb na xocraTO^HO npoxoJUBHrejSHHt 
epoRi H He OTRpoetrs XJfl HayaH mtiwb 9m% jdCouhthiixi^ xojDcens. 
GjiyqaĚHocTB vb noMib apzeoiórHqecsHx^b OTapiirift npoxoisaenB tiun 
HrpaTB poju> H Ao CHX'B nopi, He cmoťpji Ha bcí nocHju>áiiji crapaHÚ 
npaBHTaiBCTBa peryjapoBaTB dro a^jo Ha no usy HaytH h ciasy crpaHH.^ 
HHocrpaHi^u h npHTOiii nepi^AKO npoeTue TypncTii cjiyvaftHO MfbjtJOfn 
BxtcB Taaifl npioópÍTeHÍA, soropuji Horjni 6u ciyaBHTB BOsnarpasAe- 
HieM^ npoAOJSHTeiBHHTB Hcsamt eneipajniCTOBi h Korcqiiu nocji 
nooOdíHiiDTB SHa^HTeiBHHO opoótui HayRH. 

JI,ajBHŠlliirift nyxB nam^B jieaaajrB b^ crpany HapoxoKB caiSíHCsaro 
npoHcxosAenifl — ca6HHaHi, aejiHHroBi, HapcoBi, nHi^eHTOBi h iip., 
sRBmHX'B B^B j^cHTpaiBHHxi H c^BepHfiirB Aópyi^i^ax^B. EAMŮoxie 7A06- 
BHMB cflocoÓOMi cooÓii^eHui 6ujo xolxaTB xo craHiuH TepHH no Bime- 
HaBBaHHoft sej-bseoft xopori, h orryxa CB^nOHroBum OHHHÓycoKb or- 
npaBHTBCJi B'B A6py^^u xo ropojia ÁKBHja, nepBOi nameft apxeojori- 
^ecKOft craHiýH tíxi uicrb. 

TepHH, APBBHflfl Interamna, npejinojaraeMaji poj^iHa HcropHsa Ta- 
' i^HTa, pacnojoseHa b% sHBonHCHoň aojhhí, oÓhjíbho oponiaeMoft 
XByMJi pynaBaMH pÍRH Heps. Gbohm^ bhíhihhmi bhxomi arora ropoxi 
npoHSBOXHTi HpesBU^aiHO* npiflTHoe Bne^aTiinie. Pociohihuii noiir, 
oónrapHue BHHorpaxHHEH, aneju>CHHHue h jraMOHHHe caxHi nopocjH 
MacJHH^B H ajjieH nnpaHHxajiBHUxi Tonojefi h sHnapncoBi oKpysann 
ero CB pa8HlIx^ CTopoHi. A niyM'B SHaiieHHTUxi BOXonaxoBi cocixHeft 
ptRH BeJHHo, HanojíHADn^ift co6ok) wb BeHepHDD h Hoinyx) nopy bocb 
ropoxT), HeBOjBHO BUdUBaeiTB Blb nyreniecTBeHHHsft, ixyn^eiTB h8i» Pahe, 
acHBoe BocnoMHHaHÍe BoimeÓHOMi Thbojh h o BceiiipHo opocjiaBieH- 
Huxob Bacsaxaxi* ero CypHuxi, n'bHa^Hxcji box^. Qe^aTB oóesoeieB- 
HocTH H xoBOJBCTBa jexHTB Ha BceiťB HaceieHÍH, RCTO^HHBH xoxoxon 
ROToparo cocTaBjanrB BHHOx^ie b óoraTHe c6opu n xopomo o6pa* 
6oTaHHUxi HOjeft. nojosede na 6ojBmoH'B pHHCRo-4>jiopeHTHHCB0ifi 

TpaBT']^ OTpaSHJlOCB 3Ha^HTeiBH0fi OéjaropOSOHHOCTBK) ({>OpirB SB3HH. 

?HCTOTa yxBA^, onpATBoe coxepsanie otin^ecTBeHHuxi axanift h qacr- 
HUxtB xoMOBi, HSJín^Haa oÓcraHOBsa Koj^een^ h peeropaHOBi,— bcí ara, 
xajieao HeaaypaxHiu CBOĚCTBa M^a o6iiBHOBeHHaro npoBBHiUajiBHaro 
ropoxa Ht&iíh 8x^b ópoeanTCH bi rjiasa. CSopninra nyHBTaicH vb b6- 
qepHDK) H npasxHHqHyi) nopy cxysHTi TaB!B-Ha8£iBaeMaa piazza i 

6yJBBapl, C% OTJH^HHM^ BHXOMtB Ba FOpOX^, XOXBHy B ORpeCTHUH FOpH 

Cb nvb BoxonaxaMM. Kpoiri yxoBOJBCTBÍa nporyxoKB, nyÍJHEy opEAie- 
RaoTb cioxa en^e h pasHOoópaaHaji Mydusa, HrpaDn^an b^b ao^eftojni 
H ocTepijixi^ oóEiBHOBeHHo HepeHOJmeHBBixi Torxa noc^THreiami: ijn 



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zpomsi.— Fii%. 399 

juunte BH H mapintHEy Cb HeHsiitHHoft apiefi hsi ,JId^h*, h um- 
xoufly ch rarapoft, h poMaHeu, HCooaHaeiiue xopom h cojio* Mícthu 
apiCTOipaTiji HO se^epan coÓHpaerca vb oupamowb h 6oraTo ocbí- 
jojsamn Caffe AmerÍGano na nianmi b saícb sa ^amxoĚ ]co<|>e hjb 
lopaseBfiorfcH raserot cjymaen Hrpj aa <|K)pT6afcJiH0. JDÓHTeiH ynpas- 
HiDTca Wh socn h maxiiaTU. Be^ep:b 8xi(C& osaHusaercA nosxHO, sa 
nonom 

Tkm nojMUUca sairb yDTimt ropoxoKb TepBH vb TenemH hí- 
oaiuLsn qacoBi, npoeexeBHBm nich aaiiH itl omnAama onoAa 
flomi ffb CTopoHy A6pyiq^. 

Si AByiTb ^acaiťB no-noiyHO^H naccaasapu, '6iaBiide no ojiHOMy e% 
lao HanpaBJíaiD, eotfpajHCb bi kohtop^ AHJHsaHCOBi — ■ qpesi n^b- 
cioiiBO MsavjTb OMHHÓyc^b, sanpíMKeaBuft curuiťE BOCMepasoirb, j^bh- 
HjjCH M% nyu. Ilpoizaa^ AOjniHy, Ha BHa^HreuHoirb npocrpaHCTBi 
Bp6AmffijMfiiiiyK> C060& CMonraoň cs^b mnoiMVb b. BflHorpaxa, ahjh- 
UBci Ha^ajcb DOHeiiHory ooAHHMaT&CA BBepxi. dron uoKhewh cra- 
BOBuea 8aTte'E ace daMirEie a ae CM^aajcji aajcasMiii cnycaon. 
San 8T0 oócToaxejucTBO, Taa^b a csisecTB Bosjgrxa, ae CMOTpji aa 
B&ujo iiua sacraajutamaa eaum»cji ^yBCTBaTeai>auz'B Kh xojloij HTajiB- 
nqen, soRasuBaja, ^to hh Bcrynaia Bh ropayK) oÓjacTB. 

dxiMa ropám 6íub A6pyiwu. 



n. 

X^wiE xo AuuH. — ^Amia. — dicKypcú n Aaiiepei. — ^MiciHHe y^eBHe. 

Ob HMeaeirb A6pyiWB oÓURaoBeaao BOsaaKaeri npexcTa&ieaie o 
CTpafli AHSofl, o rpy6ux% HpaBaz'^, o pasfiofiaa^eeTBi, BoropuirB npo- 
CttBUH ce6ií sareja dTaxi roprb Rb 6ujyK> nopy. OrnpaBjaflCB CDAa, 
itieay-90 ae SAeaiB na sopoaiazi nyTOi cooón^eaia, aa apo^axi 
noíeiBib, aeerAa BOSMOsauxi bi xpyraxi nyToaiecTBian. PaBcaasii 
^$6gjnflfissx% pasóoftaaaaxi, qaTaaaue vh insojt&aue roxH a noTOMi 
xmo saíUTue, eaaa co6od Bucrynaiyrb Teaepjb a^)ysy a cajiBao 
ňksvpoTh aa Bootfpaxeaie. Biiteauia bi axa ropu, bi nepaoe apeaa 
M iH)seiSB^ OTBasaTBca on MHCja, hto aacToaii^ee nyTemecTBÍe ae 
Move aa aei ocrai&aua, hto oho ae otfoftxerca 6e3'b aenpiaraHxrB 
■optiik M jrameaift. ycaoKoaTeibaua pb^E aamazi axajiBaacBHn 
ttmauTb, ci» KOTopuMH Baa^ paauae apazoAHJíocb roBopaTb o6% 
A%ip(axi, aaxyTca opa dToa'B ae óoaie sasi* jiK>6eBHKiM'b seMHieMi 
KS^Upau ^aaDn^aro Mi^craocTa aaocrpaai^a. ÍIpacyTCTBie bi omhh- 
(ftk Boopyseaaaro aapaÓaaLepa a opysie, jexani^ee BÓjasa ayqepa, 



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400 wtnEMXb lifuuu.' 

TOibRO ycHJiHBaDrB 9T0 osHAaHie ^ero-To nejsfi/íptaro wy éjtb. Ha m- 
TopoMy pijíMO npoxoA^n oHocTpanVH h o BoropMi omasBBMyphjnK 

MtLXO. 

Ho no Mtpt Toro sairB frpo nanBuo crwamBTBCii jvcb^ 9n 
Mpa^mifl MUCiH pascitoBUHCb caiivco6oK). T&vb, opesxe Bcero xdjxii 
6uja oeraHOBHTb Hame BHHMame nnipoRax b^ rjajoMui xopora, bo- 
TopaH noAHHMaiacb pasHooópasHuicH SHroaraiiH Boe sumě ■ BHBie. 
8to mocee, cb B09opuic%, iro HcnpaBHocTR m uajtaocra, se Hosen 
cpaBHHTLCii HR o^HB 6ojii»iinui xopora Poodfl, ne HCBjm^aR h OKpeet- 
nuTh vicTh nerepóypra, Mocbbu, RioBa, BapnnuiHB xpyFHXtb BBAtenixs 
HaMB 6oihmuvb ropoxoBi ^\ CBBj!(i^TejKCTBOBajo o rpotfaxHoft sarpari 
TpyAa, yaorpetfjeBHaro na opoioaraié ero cpexa CBajTB b ^aero Ha tb- 
BBXTE EpyTHBflaxi, ^0 ciiBpajiBvafl ((lopMa nym ocraBajiacB eXRHCTBeaBo 
B03M0«H0ft. Bnpo^evB CBoftCTBa no^BH AneHBBHCBaro naiyocipoBa vpí* 
y^B.ifl ero sareieft BsxaBHa wb oópan^esii) ei BaBnmrb, b norovy, bo- 

aOTB 6HTB, B^TE XPyrOFO HapOXB B% EBpOOt, CTOJITb CBOCOKsaTO Bii 

BBHHHHi B HHseHepBiorB patfoTaH%, Bars BTajfBHHQH. Rto ^BBUkn no 
TSBJtb^uuwb xoporawb HTajiiH b ((uBajii obojo Bojtohbh cb ea eopoBS- 
meeTBi) TynnaiaMB bjb na jibhíb Cnei^a-PeHya C!B ea cra-rpeira ryv- 
HejMBBf B3i ROTopusB BTOo TBByTca Ba xBa — Ba Tpa BBJOHerpay — 
TOTh snaeTB, cbojbro ohh xojishiiI (Sim xoji((btb cbob ropH m Kasoro 
CTpamnaro Tpyxa xojukho 6uáo aro bbi ctohtb. HTaiBaHei^, ne Hazoxi 
soMJiaHiirB pa5orB xona, yxoxBTB xajieBO sa-rpanai^y: tbb^b, kb 1874 r. 
uu BBx^JiH Óojumyn napríi) senjesonoB^B-BTaiBaBi^eBTi vh TB>pBBrii, 
KOTopue pa6oTaiB 3X'&cb hb crpoHBmefica Torxa seji^sBoft xopori. He- 
coBH«6Hao TBEJKe, HTo HTaiBBHi^awB npBHaxBeBMTB HBpBeHcnymiiai 
pojB H KB x^^ npopHTÍfl C. FoTapxcBaro h xpyraxi mBefti^apcBBn 
Tynnejrefi, — bo mi yRjioHRaBCB b*b CTopoay. 

XoTB THzo, no 6e30CTaB0B09B0 B80Bpajea sanrE xmuMBeB Brjy6b 
Atfpyi^i^. Topoxa Pí9th, TBTtaxyRajie, AnrpoxoKO, Konnaro h híbo- 
TopHa xpyríJi cejenifl npoxoxBJfl npex^ Bami' oxbbtb sa xpynon, i 
Ttjvb saafB Hama xopora noeroaHHo x^ajia HeBSÓiatHue noBoponr, 
TO nu BOTJH jDÓOBaTBca Bx^B BBxaMH HO flftoBOJiBKy pBB^, c% paanTO' 
BHx% CTC^Ofli H Bucora. BojiBBtHHCŤBo 9irarB ropoxBOBi. B cejeflit, 

3a HCBlD^iraieB^B PidTH, CBOTpan TBRB ((%XHO, ^ITO TopffB Úpm 
BBHH MOrB C^HTaTbCa CrOlBIl^efl. CKyXOCTB dMX!B MÍCTB XOJTMrU tittIH 

^yBOTBOBaTB oco6eHHO Ti B8% H8CI, RTO HO sanBocH HBT&MfB cvle^ 
BiiBiB Ba xopory h noroBy xojiBceHi óhjtb nxaTHTB 8a njioxyi» ner^Biy, 
xypHo npBTOTOBjíeHHHft cHpi H BBBo — eXBHCTHMBue^npoxyimi, ROTopiie 



*) HcuDqeHie cocTanuerb Hama BoeBHO-rpysHBCKaji xoporai opHHaxiexaiaaíí n 
iBCiy gairbiaTeiBBiftinHrfc cosxamft HBseBepBato vcByccTBa. 



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u«ni.«— Roi. 401 

losao áEulo fficnn he vKm% nyTH — TpofiHHx niau npoTHBi mAŘ" 

CTBBTeJiBHOi CTOflVOCTH U% BX ČOUBIHXl ropO^^Ul. 

(^ ropoM KoimHTO AOpora cxua poBHie, b mu CRopo vlíiamm m 
Wf^wpo MJMMBj ptsi ÁTepna. dra paBHHHa, noeii HicKOJusn ^lacoBi 
lawaBwaacb BHCosm xOdOoitb ei^ <k>iBiDH]rb ropo^^ir^ na ero 
Bepnnai. To 6iua ÍJumnAnuji js^iih sameft iioi8^uui — Acraja, rjas* 
hbI ropotAi* ifpoBHHpifl Msoro m6HH. 

DpH Bflxi B€fliaro 6ojawm> ropoxA HiajíH, yse sanepex^ mxeoiB, 
iTO BOTb CHOBa ouaTiTi Baci TOTb HecKOB^aeMUtt myiTE H ram, bo- 

I^Hft BOBKOSeHl TOJrUU) BS 970fi GTpaHt H HHTAÍ ÓOjÍo Bl EspOIli,— 

crpasi, rxib m yiai^uC^ le npocro řoBopan, a BeapeMtuo xpE^an, 
He opooTo 6e&bKPDTb h tojk;dti» o cbohtb oóu^eHinix^b nHrepecan, 
10 xasi 67ATO Bc4^ ropBHo coopan h coopaTca ao fotobhocth bctj- 
nm KasxTD vHBfry bt> pyaonainBHft 60Í, rxt ToproBi^ii bmícto 
imaffHHxs H BceBOBHOsHiiíMH cnocoÓaiíH pasiiajeBaHfiiixi pesjairB n 
o(i»aBjieHi&, nycBaDiTB vh xomjb CBoe xpiiisoe ropjo u HecsaaaHfloft 
Bucotoft raiocWB npHBjeBaDn BarnnHie ny^JiHu Kh cbohmi TOBapan. 
Beero otopo osHAft^tH ma^ npmóxamasítb -vb miipoBO h sHaonncBo pas- 
emBunnefiCA npOAi HaMH Akbbjí. 

HH^ttt) noAO<ÍHaro, oxBaso, 8A'&cb ne oaasajiacB. TopoAi^ npH CBoem 
ceiiaMaTfiTHejraHOiii HacejemH, CBoeft Heo($HaHOBeHHoft THrnanoŘ cxi* 
jan 6u HecTB jDtfofl saxojiycTHoft MitorHOCTH TepicaBiH. Mu ne BCTpi* 

Tin HH 9THX!b EaAO'&AJniBIIXl SaBHBaHifi B^b CBOH laBBH co CTOpOHtt 

T(fFOBara jnDAa, hh npoHBHTejLHHii BUBpERBBaHift no noBoxy lyxec- 
HUTE CBOflCTBi TpocTOHeKi, coH^eKB, BaKCu, BOAi*, OBon^et H <j^pyK- 
TOBij— Hmei^i ^6 HeHSÓimHO ^me BCflKaro xpyroro rc^^a HTaiíH h 
ítd Tanb BOCHTca h rjMjm okoio Bac& c% paHHaro yvpa h ao rjy- 

6OKO& H0«. 

AiBHJia — ^ropoA'^ HciUDUTejiBHo BeiijeA^BiecKit h cxjMsrh tmb- 
iHn xjMhuiii puHxoMi npoBHHi^iH, BciÍACTBÍe Hero vh AeHB Hantero 
]Ipii^i^ OBasaBiniftca xanyHOiii^ HeA^iBHaro tiasapa, bch njoma^B 6ujia 
BHoeiasa niUHOBKaiiH ci pasHuitB sepeon. Cto&ib nepaua ^Hcia ÍDJia 

I lOTOMy H30 BCixi OKpeCTHOCTeft ebibSSaJlHCB CD^a TOprOBaTB HOBUM^B, 

TOtt&o-mTO caaTUirB xjACowb. Boapyn arHxii poromi h i^uhoboki 

TOIBUHCB SpOAaBD^U H nOKynaTOJIH H TOJÍKOBaiH TOBapi THXO, 6e%% 

tíuon E cnopa, touo bi xaE0Mi»-HH6yAB yriy BaBapÍH. He noxosa 
tem ÁBBua Ha HTajBaHcaii ropOA^B h na xpyroft óasapeuft xeHB 
wtflksst* 3a Ho^B HaBedan xMÍ6h ctojibbo, hto njooo^aAB h coci^HÍa 
Att^aJiBBHa yjHQu npeAcraajajiH cniomByi) xhthhi^;: sepHO jesaio 
Hi Kmx!B, vb xyjiflx-B, pascunaao Óiuo no i^HnoBKaitB h porosaMi. 
OiiuK> xoxHA H TOjnHjca Hapoxi*^ coÓpaBnii&ca CDxa h3x cocí^ahhxx 
F^pm €eji6HÍfl — H onaiB tíhh cxo^craa ne 6ujo ci HxajBaHCKHMtB 

T«MI Y.— CXHTABPB, 1882. 26 



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402 

puuoň: Topronju nxa coBepnnaBo tbxo i ctoboím* nosrmui i 
npcxasan uš6i&, Koea, cepmi, niyre, Tompm^ npun h opoúi opjiU, 
Heotfzo^Mtu n cejacio-xoBAĚeTBraHO]ii& (my. 

HeoóuxHOBenHoft cxepsaHHocr&i) h npuaifieiis Tosa ounasicfl 

6e8o6pa3Baro vtLAMishň u pyímieucnrb, tfen lero se otizoAUGo, n 
Hameiiy cthat, hh oahhi pyccsifi nprann^ajuaift teMpi h 6ef& wx) 
Heimcjniini nami iipa^HHe ■ rpissae Tpunpii, xapwraa n mreft- 
Hue xoMa... 

CiiOTpa H8 dTO nÓBCDxy pascHnaHHoe aepHOt m an caibcio^uwd- 
CTBeHHHA opyxia h u ary iiaoey lep&uxi, saropiiBSi xj^btiosauien, 
eAHHCTBOHayD safiory soropin^b cocraaiaju, DOMXKmiiy, vMh i 
noie, TpyxHo 6hjo npeADOiararb, iTotfa »b drovB aeiUMiA^ecioia 
ropox^^ cyn^ecTBOBajH Apyrie, Bucone HHrepecii Hájin, jnreptTyptt i 
npo^ee. A Mesxy tívb, HHvero ne motjo 6uTh otejgrte vasoro opex- 
nojiosraifl AMM ropoxa, o aorq^om Hxerb pftu. 

He roBopc o niicmeirb TexHHieeaoKB yuiani^i, riMEasíH, aopMia- 
Hoft mKOjrib, HtcBOJBBHn Hisoun yneÓHiBs aaBemfliiix^ laioBu 
ropoxcKÍA nnojni, o xícthož npoBHHuíajBHOl rasert, Mywiciiiu Auuw 
n oociixHie row npieryiiHja n oocrpoftsš orpoinaiHi sauú xju 
nOMimeníji rHiniaaiH, xysefl iiicTHiícb xpoBHOcreft h BapTHiraot raiie- 
pea, BnxowmfiAcE lenepB, bmíctí (tb ((oadiok) icuesipeft noprperon 
aBHane&HTHTb asBHjaHi^eBi", vb 8AaHÍH Ayícu. B% «ei% XBiraTeiei 
dToro x^a BHAHyD poje iTpaera Htero Pa^^au^ KaBapoBSs, oxihs 
ms% HHHOBHBKOffB iťbcTHot npe^^BTypH. ^BMOJorh no o6pa80BafliD, 
mryxHpoBaBBiit b% mo joxocth vb luiBaHCBOirB yHHBepanrertf oh% noro 
paóoraerb ^ma cotfHpaHÚi paBciflHHuxi naiuTHBBOBi ca6HHCK0ft seMii 
BO-exHHo. Mevry ero shshh, no ero cioBairb, cocraBjíaeTib Ton xeeb, 
Korxa tfyxon orspim hobhA, npocTopHufl i yxoÓHuft iiyBeft, b^ so- 
Topuft noresyrb npflHomeHÚi BjBkMMhUfiWh anrEBsapHiiTE bouobivI i 
oi!M,ixhBMX% npexneroBi uaccn^ecsoft xpobhocth. Ob smtod i^íjibd ohi 
WfifiTb oónrapnyi) nepenncBy co bcímh, sto tozbbo nošena 6bitb no- 
M&iewb MM dToro x^^ CKJOHa^ bx^b na nosepraoBaHíe cbohxi, ibcto 
6e«B BCBKOň noiBsu h hob^xoho xjb HaysH jesan^an, ocraTBOBi 
pncKoft B BTaiiftcBOft CTapHBu. Oa^ cjíxvtb sa napoxnoň mojrodo 
cjyqaftHim apxeojoniHecxBxi Haxoxaaxi h aca^ecsB npoBaraHxipyen 
H6o($xoxH]iocTB npaBHiBHHrB pacxoBorB TOi^BTopiB cocixHBro AiOEr^Ba, 
BOToput 6uja» naBHUiťB ropoxox^B caóncxofi seiuiH h, no npexasíi), 
Morponojiieft naoriTB sapoxoBi caóauo-caiiHBTCKaro aopu. Emíi 
r. SaBapoKRH kb HacTOBn^ee apexB Hq^aspuBEO CBBsaHo Cb ycn'&xavH 
BBBBiaHCBoi BpxeoJorÍH. CípacTBO yBxeqeHHHŘ yBeiH^iTB*' ■ Tpyx- 
HOCTBi) cBoei xo6poBOJUBOft B9ifjBi.^Mj owb upeffimuíMffrb co6ox> CBoe- 



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XfOHUi.— FU^. 40d 

«6pa8aidk h bx ^icmefl creneHH di^BaTAqHuft ram jBÓaTeia-aRTH- 
ssapu cBOHxx MJterB. ropa^HOCTb TeiiBepaiieaTa, naapauADmaaca y 
eero Ha ctoib no^TesHua n/bAU^ AMcTByen sapasaDstBici otfpasoMi 
■a eotfec^xHHBa, Mnoromy BOOxyme&ieBHafl nponaraHj^t ero ne ocTa- 
aereii 6e8% ójarorsopaiixi pesyttTaroBS xu Hayai. EaicBH ch aa^- 
nxctfKH, npexiieTu xonaniHel yTBaps xpobestb oÓHiataseft draxi mícti 
fl pasHue apzHTeKrypHue (j^panieHTU, ai^ TOiť^ bju xpyrom orBomefliB 
apeAcraajuDBiie BHTi^ieeB XJ^ Bcropia pEMesaro soAiecraa, hbjio-bo- 
Míj BOCTynaDrb yse h TenepB wh MaraBBBu crpoDB^aroca Hyaea. 

npexBapBTejbBUHB ch^MfkBÚmm od dTOM^b apxeojiordb-jiDČHTeji^b 
HH o6a8aHU 6ujb rr. BapaaiieB b AP^cai», orsuBaBSíHiica o ((jiaro- 
poAHurb Bepraxi ero xapaarepa ci fioibBnufB co^yBCTBiex:b. Otbíti 
€ro Ha aame bbcbmo, nocjiaHfloe eny hsi PaMa, TOseroBop&rb sairb, 
?T0 B*b Abbhjí mu na&Mfimh ji»6eaaaro h BaAOSHaro pyKOBO^^areu 

00 9T0ft BOJOCi aÓpym^CBOft TeppHTOpÍB. n JHUaa BCTptU Ch HHlTb 

;(íÍABja Baei^, mo bh ^aieso ae omadíHCB b!l hbibbxx cbpobbhxs 
osBj(aBÍan». 

Gtobjo^ xbí^ BOsasaTsca wh Bpe((MBTypt h saaaBTB OABOMy Bsob 

UHOBHHBOBl O CBOOBl HpB($firrÍB CD^B pa^B F. KaBapOBBB, Baa'B BO* 

ciixBífl oeň^actb se ocTaaaji cbod eiymtfy b bobojii bobb vh Mara* 

SBfl% ApOBBOCTdlf npHrOTOBJIBDfllBXCa MM BySM. HaAOHCB, BOTOPUXS 

iH npocBjB ero pasBiBO, 6íub fotobh b jobulib aa BBAyt fotobu 
<tfUB B BaTepiajH, BeflstfžsBHe apa CBBMaaxi lOBift. Bcji^ACTBie btofo 
Btt MFjra apBcrynBTB ai pa60TÍ, oe xepaa bb BBBfTU. 

noaa ÓyMasBue ciinaa n HaABBceft AOjshu 6ume coxByrB, r. Ea- 
tt^BBB npeAJoaBBjíi ornpaBBTBea ai s^aale MyBai^BJíiB ama ocaoipa 
xpBaaBi^eĚca tbmi BSABBBa aoxieai^iB pbmckbzi ApeBBOcreft b axb 
68BaBOHjeaÍB cb AByna BapraHBHBB FaiJ»peaBB. Oabb mn bbxi co- 
tioan H8!B opoBSBeAeaifi TyseiiBiirB sBaoBBCi^eBib b yme dTBiťB oa- 
HBBB AOJSHa éjMfinph BpBaieaaTB BHBMaBie BCTopBaa BTajuuaíBcaoň sb- 
BOBBCB. BTopaa sasjuoHaerB kb ce6% aihbbu& pa^i Dop^peroai saa- 
KeaflTUXi aaBBjíaBi^eB^ KorAa*jfl6o npocaaaBBBiBXi ore^ecTaeBBuĚ 
vof^Kb CBoeft AiareaBBocTBi) aa pauBwuxi BonpBD^azi cjysóiii. 8tb 
ooprperu aacaymflBaDPB BBBHaflia aaai co cropoau xyxosecTBOBBOft, 
na fl B!B ocoóeBBOCTB DO tíbi 6jaFopoABHB!b B aa fleaoiBHoe yaa- 
aeaie BiisuBaDBi^BMrB MOTBBairB, xoxopHe aacTaBjaiB auarraiefi dToro 
ropexa HeeraoBaTB iy9niBX'B CBoaxob rpas^aai yaluEOBiHeBieMi bxib 
Hao^aseBiS. 

1d6obb aaBHjaHi];eB'B ai BCBycciaaH^B AoaasuBaerca cyB^ecTBoaa*- 
ma SA^CB B ^acTBuxi rauepefi, aaBOBU aapiBBBaa Fajjepea Taaab 
BBgHB. najai^qo ToppecB cb bícbojibbbmb np0B3BeAeBÍaBB ^omobb- 
Mim^ TBKiaBa^ Ilaojo Bepoaese, Fbbao Pobb, b aoJJieaifia aapraa^B 

2a* 



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404 nefam JBraoL 

vh nuEDiqt vapKisa ^K^paroHerni, HHrepecsb soTopot cocrABunn ipo* 
nzůejsfimB CBnBecfrpo h noMneo a^Asbhm, Eoja x^Axarpiqe, Pséepa* 
^OMeBHKHHO, BiBÍara 1 ;^. 

', jKejrax ca^^tb xoe npeósBanie b% Abbuí saióojrte upuvtBwa, 
r.,RaBapoBBB npexeraBEU MeHa oevdlcTBy ospyseoro RHcaeBTopa 
jqě6flHX'b 8aBex6Bift, r. PetfeBBHHH, oocrojm^eiif bbi vjsa h sem, 
aameB cooreiecTBeHaflQtf, yposxeKHoft 4^n-inTetoL O- 

3th aD<$e8HHe jdxh cx^^ajh Bce, no6u ooBaBtrb nvi esoe ro- 
CTenpiíMeTBO: oiasajocB, no xoero n